Results for 'Paul E. Walker'

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  1.  26
    Review: A Guide to Conclusive Proofs for the Principles of Belief * Imam Al-Haramayn Al-Juwayni Trans. Paul E. Walker: A Guide to Conclusive Proofs for the Principles of Belief. [REVIEW]M. E. Marmura - 2004 - Journal of Islamic Studies 15 (1):76-78.
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  2.  27
    Sciences of the Soul and Intellect, Part I: An Arabic Critical Edition and English Translation of Epistles 32–36 Edited and Translated by Paul E. Walker, Ismail K. Poonawala, David Simonowitz and Godefroid de Callataÿ. [REVIEW]Anthony F. Shaker - 2018 - Journal of Islamic Studies 29 (1):84-87.
    © The Author. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Oxford Centre for Islamic Studies. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: [email protected] handsomely produced volume is the ninth of the OUP-IIS series titled Epistles of the Brethren of Purity. Inaugurated in 2008, the series is designed in part to replace several older Arabic editions of Rasāʾil Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ that have been published over the decades but which failed to identify their manuscript sources. Nineteen manuscripts in all were (...)
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  3.  32
    A Code of Conduct: A Treatise on the Etiquette of the Fatimid Ismaili Mission: A Critical Edition of the Arabic Text and English Translation of Ahmad B. Ibr H M Al-Nays B R 's Al-Ris la Al-M Jaza Al-K Fiya F D B Al-du T Edited and Translated by Verena Klemm and Paul E. Walker.W. M. Amin - 2014 - Journal of Islamic Studies 25 (2):209-212.
  4.  34
    La Quiétude de l'intellect: Néoplatonisme et gnose ismaélienne dans l'oeuvre de Ḥamīd ad-Dīn al-Kirmānī (Xe/XIe s.)La Quietude de l'intellect: Neoplatonisme et gnose ismaelienne dans l'oeuvre de Hamid ad-Din al-Kirmani.Paul E. Walker & D. de Smet - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (2):386.
  5.  33
    Islamic Messianism: The Idea of the Mahdi in Twelver ShiʿismIslamic Messianism: The Idea of the Mahdi in Twelver Shiism.Paul E. Walker & Abdulaziz Abdulhussein Sachedina - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (3):631.
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  6.  26
    The Pillars of Islam: Daaim Al-Islam of Al-Qadi Al-Numan Numan.Paul E. Walker, Asaf A. A. Fyzee & Ismail Kurban Husein Poonawala - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (2):467.
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  7.  21
    Kitab Al-Iftikhar.Paul E. Walker, Abu Yaqub Ishaq B. Ahmad Al-Sijistani & Ismail K. Poonawala - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (3):659.
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  8.  35
    Logic and Aristotle's Rhetoric and Poetics in Medieval Arabic Philosophy.Paul E. Walker - 1992 - Review of Metaphysics 45 (3):600-602.
    A critically important development in the tradition of philosophy, as understood by Arabic authors, was the inclusion of both rhetoric and poetics within logic. While these writers' conception of the logical Organon gave appropriate place to the theory of demonstration as found and defined in Aristotle's Posterior Analytics, they added to it the syllogism not only of dialectic, but of rhetoric and poetry as well. By attaching the latter two arts to logic, the Arabic philosophers created a contextual claim about (...)
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  9.  18
    Abū Tammām and His Kitāb Al-Shajara: A New Ismaili Treatise From Tenth-Century KhurasanAbu Tammam and His Kitab Al-Shajara: A New Ismaili Treatise From Tenth-Century Khurasan.Paul E. Walker - 1994 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 114 (3):343.
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  10.  16
    Al-Dawla Al-Fatimiyya Fi Misr: Tafsir Jadid.Paul E. Walker & Ayman Fuad Sayyid - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (3):659.
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  11.  15
    Philosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abū Sulaymān Al-Sijistānī and His CirclePhilosophy in the Renaissance of Islam: Abu Sulayman Al-Sijistani and His Circle.Paul E. Walker & Joel L. Kraemer - 1989 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 109 (3):450.
  12.  14
    A Muslim Philosopher on the Soul and Its Fate: Al-ʿĀmirī's Kitāb Al-Amad ʿalā L-abadA Muslim Philosopher on the Soul and Its Fate: Al-Amiri's Kitab Al-Amad Ala L-Abad.Paul E. Walker & Everett K. Rowson - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (1):157.
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  13.  13
    The Fatimid Armenians: Cultural and Political Interaction in the Near East.Paul E. Walker & Seta B. Dadoyan - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (2):270.
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  14.  13
    Review of The Iśvarapratvabhijnakarika of Utpaladeva with the Author's Vrtti, by Raffaele Toreha; Jung and Eastern Thought: A Dialogue with the Orient, by John James Clarke ; Abu Yacqub Al-Sijistani: Intellectual Missionary, by Paul E. Walker ; Religious Pluralism and Truth: Essays on Cross-Cultural Philosophy of Religion, Ed. Thomas Dean ; and The Body, Self-Cultivation, and Ki-Energy, by Yuasa Yasuo, Trans. Shigenori Nagatomo and Monte S. Hull. [REVIEW]Karel Werner, J. Pickering, Oliver Leaman, Michael Levine & Alan Fox - 1996 - Asian Philosophy 6 (3):233-243.
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  15. A Byzantine Victory Over the Fatimids at Alexandretta (971).Paul E. Walker - 1972 - Byzantion 42:431-440.
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  16.  7
    La Capitale de l'Égypte Jusqu'à l'Époque Fatimide, Al-Qāhira Et Al-Fusṭāṭ: Essai de Reconstitution topographiqueLa Capitale de l'Egypte Jusqu'a l'Epoque Fatimide, Al-Qahira Et Al-Fustat: Essai de Reconstitution Topographique.Paul E. Walker, Ayman Fuʾād Sayyid & Ayman Fuad Sayyid - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (4):689.
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  17.  7
    The Mystical Philosophy of Ibn Masarra and His Followers.Paul E. Walker - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (4):761.
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  18.  7
    The Rise of the Fatimids: The World of the Mediterranean and the Middle East in the Tenth Century CE.Paul E. Walker & Michael Brett - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (3):638.
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  19.  6
    L'Egypte fatimide: Son art et son histoire.Paul E. Walker & Marianne Barrucand - 2001 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 121 (4):719.
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  20.  11
    The Ismaʿilis: Their History and DoctrinesThe Ismailis: Their History and Doctrines.Paul E. Walker & Farhad Daftary - 1992 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 112 (1):138.
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  21.  4
    The Identity of One of the Ismaili Dā‛Īs Sent by the Fatimids to Ibn Ḥafṣūn.Paul E. Walker - 2000 - Al-Qantara 21 (2):387-388.
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  22.  13
    Early Philosophical Shiism: The Neoplatonism of Abū Yaʿqūb Al-SijistānīEarly Philosophical Shiism: The Neoplatonism of Abu Yaqub Al-Sijistani.Sarah Stroumsa & Paul E. Walker - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (3):498.
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  23.  24
    The Wellsprings of Wisdom: A Study of Abū Yaʿqūb Al-Sijistānī's Kitāb Al-Yanābīʿ Including a Complete English Translation with Commentary and Notes on the Arabic TextThe Wellsprings of Wisdom: A Study of Abu Yaqub Al-Sijistani's Kitab Al-Yanabi Including a Complete English Translation with Commentary and Notes on the Arabic Text.Sarah Stroumsa & Paul E. Walker - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (1):186.
  24.  3
    Introduction to Islamic Theology and Law.Paul E. Walker, Ignaz Goldziher, Andras Hamori, Ruth Hamori & Bernard Lewis - 1983 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 103 (4):761.
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  25.  9
    Abū Yaʿqūb al-Sijistānī: Intellectual MissionaryAbu Yaqub al-Sijistani: Intellectual Missionary.Douglas Crow & Paul E. Walker - 1997 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 117 (3):599.
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  26.  27
    NMDA Receptors: Substrates or Modulators of Memory Formation.David L. Walker & Paul E. Gold - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):634-634.
    We agree with Shors & Matzel's general hypothesis that the proposed link between NMDA-dependent LTP and memory is weak. They suggest that NMDA-dependent LTP is important to arousal or attentional processes which influence learning in an anterograde manner. However, current evidence is also consistent with the view that NMDA receptors modulate memory consolidation retroactively, as occurs in several other receptor classes.
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  27. New Books. [REVIEW]C. D. Broad, W. D. Ross, A. E. Taylor, C. T. Harley Walker, Paul Philip Levertoff, Bernard Bosanquet, G. G., F. C. S. Schiller, L. J. Russell & H. Wildon Carr - 1920 - Mind 29 (114):232-250.
  28.  12
    Daniel P. Walker: Il concetto di spirito o anima in Henry More e Ralph Cudworth. Istituto Italiano per gli Studi Filosofici, Lezioni della Scuola di Studi Superiori in Napoli 5. Napoli 1986. 98 Seiten. [REVIEW]Paul Richard Blum - 1987 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 10 (3):189-190.
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  29.  1
    Kenny Cupers; Catharina Gabrielsson; Helena Mattsson (Editors). Neoliberalism on the Ground: Architecture and Transformation From the 1960s to the Present. (Culture, Politics, and the Built Environment.) 448 Pp., Figs., Index. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2020. $65 (Cloth); ISBN 9780822946014. E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Paul Walker - 2022 - Isis 113 (1):214-215.
  30.  71
    Stephen Ogden, Carol Poster, Cathleen M. Bauschatz, Geoffrey Galt Harpham, Paul J. Korshin, Harvey L. Hix, William Walker, John Goodliffe, William Flesch, Anthony J. Cascardi, Graham Zanker, Ellen S. Fine, James G. Williams, John D. Cox, Véronique M. Fóti, Robert W. Burch, Susan B. Brill, John Durham Peters, David Gorman, Tony E. Jackson, Dora E. Polachek, Mark Stocker, Eric Dean, David Herman, Virginia A. La Charité, Edward E. Foster, C. W. Spinks, Paul M. Hedeen, Ruth Groenhout, Adriano P. Palma, Roblin Meeks, David Wetsel, Tom Conley, Dan Latimer, Michael Calabrese, Edward Donald Kennedy, Catharine Savage Brosman, Merold Westphal, Patrick Henry. [REVIEW]David Novitz - 1995 - Philosophy and Literature 19 (2):360.
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  31.  28
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Henrietta Schwartz, Ronald D. Cohen, Shields Jr, Mazoor Ahmed, Albert E. Bender, Paul J. Schafer, Charles S. Ungerleider, Andrew T. Kopan, Joseph Watras, George A. Letchworth, Ronald M. Brown, John H. Walker, Ralph B. Kimbrough, Roy L. Cox & Raymond Martin - unknown
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  32. What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.Paul E. Griffiths - 1997 - University of Chicago Press.
    Paul E. Griffiths argues that most research on the emotions has been as misguided as Aristotelian efforts to study "superlunary objects" - objects...
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  33.  27
    Bodies Capture Attention When Nothing is Expected.Paul E. Downing, David Bray, Jack Rogers & Claire Childs - 2004 - Cognition 93 (1):B27-B38.
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  34. Natural Law in Political Thought.Paul E. Sigmund - 1971 - Upa.
    Originally published in 1971 by Winthrop Publishers, Inc., this volume provides a discussion and analysis of the theory of natural law as it appears in contemporary political and social thought. This theory of natural law was used from the fifth century B.C. until the end of the eighteenth century to provide a universal, rational standard to determine the nature and limits of political obligation, the evaluation of competing forms of government, and the relation of law and politics to morals.
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  35.  97
    Unto Others: The Evolution and Psychology of Unselfish Behavior.Paul E. Griffiths - 2002 - Mind 111 (441):178-182.
  36. St. Thomas Aquinas on Politics and Ethics a New Translation, Backgrounds, Interpretations.Paul E. Thomas & Sigmund - 1988
     
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  37. Functional Analysis and Proper Functions.Paul E. Griffiths - 1993 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):409-422.
    The etiological approach to ‘proper functions’ in biology can be strengthened by relating it to Robert Cummins' general treatment of function ascription. The proper functions of a biological trait are the functions it is assigned in a Cummins-style functional explanation of the fitness of ancestors. These functions figure in selective explanations of the trait. It is also argued that some recent etiological theories include inaccurate accounts of selective explanation in biology. Finally, a generalization of the notion of selective explanation allows (...)
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  38. Squaring the Circle: Natural Kinds with Historical Essences.Paul E. Griffiths - 1999 - In Robert A. Wilson (ed.), Species: New Interdisciplinary Essays. MIT Press. pp. 209-228.
  39. Evolution, Dysfunction, and Disease: A Reappraisal.Paul E. Griffiths & John Matthewson - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (2):301-327.
    Some ‘naturalist’ accounts of disease employ a biostatistical account of dysfunction, whilst others use a ‘selected effect’ account. Several recent authors have argued that the biostatistical account offers the best hope for a naturalist account of disease. We show that the selected effect account survives the criticisms levelled by these authors relatively unscathed, and has significant advantages over the BST. Moreover, unlike the BST, it has a strong theoretical rationale and can provide substantive reasons to decide difficult cases. This is (...)
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  40. What is Innateness?Paul E. Griffiths - 2001 - The Monist 85 (1):70-85.
    In behavioral ecology some authors regard the innateness concept as irretrievably confused whilst others take it to refer to adaptations. In cognitive psychology, however, whether traits are 'innate' is regarded as a significant question and is often the subject of heated debate. Several philosophers have tried to define innateness with the intention of making sense of its use in cognitive psychology. In contrast, I argue that the concept is irretrievably confused. The vernacular innateness concept represents a key aspect of 'folkbiology', (...)
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  41.  94
    Measuring Causal Specificity.Paul E. Griffiths, Arnaud Pocheville, Brett Calcott, Karola Stotz, Hyunju Kim & Rob Knight - 2015 - Philosophy of Science 82 (4):529-555.
    Several authors have argued that causes differ in the degree to which they are ‘specific’ to their effects. Woodward has used this idea to enrich his influential interventionist theory of causal explanation. Here we propose a way to measure causal specificity using tools from information theory. We show that the specificity of a causal variable is not well-defined without a probability distribution over the states of that variable. We demonstrate the tractability and interest of our proposed measure by measuring the (...)
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  42. Genes in the Postgenomic Era.Paul E. Griffiths & Karola Stotz - 2006 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (6):499-521.
    We outline three very different concepts of the gene—instrumental, nominal, and postgenomic. The instrumental gene has a critical role in the construction and interpretation of experiments in which the relationship between genotype and phenotype is explored via hybridization between organisms or directly between nucleic acid molecules. It also plays an important theoretical role in the foundations of disciplines such as quantitative genetics and population genetics. The nominal gene is a critical practical tool, allowing stable communication between bioscientists in a wide (...)
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  43.  72
    The Cultural Evolution of Emergent Group-Level Traits.Paul E. Smaldino - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (3):243-254.
    Many of the most important properties of human groups – including properties that may give one group an evolutionary advantage over another – are properly defined only at the level of group organization. Yet at present, most work on the evolution of culture has focused solely on the transmission of individual-level traits. I propose a conceptual extension of the theory of cultural evolution, particularly related to the evolutionary competition between cultural groups. The key concept in this extension is the emergent (...)
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  44. Theory-Testing in Psychology and Physics: A Methodological Paradox.Paul E. Meehl - 1967 - Philosophy of Science 34 (2):103-115.
    Because physical theories typically predict numerical values, an improvement in experimental precision reduces the tolerance range and hence increases corroborability. In most psychological research, improved power of a statistical design leads to a prior probability approaching 1/2 of finding a significant difference in the theoretically predicted direction. Hence the corroboration yielded by "success" is very weak, and becomes weaker with increased precision. "Statistical significance" plays a logical role in psychology precisely the reverse of its role in physics. This problem is (...)
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  45. The Compleat Autocerebroscopist: A Thought-Experiment on Professor Feigl's Mind-Body Identity Thesis.Paul E. Meehl - 1966 - In Paul K. Feyerabend & Grover Maxwell (eds.), Mind, Matter, and Method: Essays in Philosophy and Science in Honor of Herbert Feigl. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 184-248.
     
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  46. Emotions as Natural and Normative Kinds.Paul E. Griffiths - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5):901-911.
    In earlier work I have claimed that emotion and some emotions are not `natural kinds'. Here I clarify what I mean by `natural kind', suggest a new and more accurate term, and discuss the objection that emotion and emotions are not descriptive categories at all, but fundamentally normative categories.
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  47. Function, Homology and Character Individuation.Paul E. Griffiths - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (1):1-25.
    I defend the view that many biological categories are defined by homology against a series of arguments designed to show that all biological categories are defined, at least in part, by selected function. I show that categories of homology are `abnormality inclusive'—something often alleged to be unique to selected function categories. I show that classifications by selected function are logically dependent on classifications by homology, but not vice-versa. Finally, I reject the view that biologists must use considerations of selected function (...)
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  48. What is the Developmentalist Challenge?Paul E. Griffiths & Robin D. Knight - 1998 - Philosophy of Science 65 (2):253-258.
    Kenneth C. Schaffner's paper is an important contribution to the literature on behavioral genetics and on genetics in general. Schaffner has a long record of injecting real molecular biology into philosophical discussions of genetics. His treatments of the reduction of Mendelian to molecular genetics first drew philosophical attention to the problems of detail that have fuelled both anti-reductionism and more sophisticated models of theory reduction. An injection of molecular detail into discussions of genetics is particularly necessary at the present time, (...)
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  49. Modularity, and the Psychoevolutionary Theory of Emotion.Paul E. Griffiths - 1990 - Biology and Philosophy 5 (2):175-196.
    It is unreasonable to assume that our pre-scientific emotion vocabulary embodies all and only those distinctions required for a scientific psychology of emotion. The psychoevolutionary approach to emotion yields an alternative classification of certain emotion phenomena. The new categories are based on a set of evolved adaptive responses, or affect-programs, which are found in all cultures. The triggering of these responses involves a modular system of stimulus appraisal, whose evoluations may conflict with those of higher-level cognitive processes. Whilst the structure (...)
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  50. Crossing the Milvian Bridge: When Do Evolutionary Explanations of Belief Debunk Belief?Paul E. Griffiths & John S. Wilkins - 2015 - In Phillip R. Sloan, Gerald McKenny & Kathleen Eggleson (eds.), Darwin in the Twenty-First Century: Nature, Humanity, and God. University of Notre Dame Press. pp. 201-231.
    Ever since Darwin people have worried about the sceptical implications of evolution. If our minds are products of evolution like those of other animals, why suppose that the beliefs they produce are true, rather than merely useful? In this chapter we apply this argument to beliefs in three different domains: morality, religion, and science. We identify replies to evolutionary scepticism that work in some domains but not in others. The simplest reply to evolutionary scepticism is that the truth of beliefs (...)
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