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Paul A. Roth [79]Paul Andrew Roth [3]
  1.  67
    Essentially narrative explanations.Paul A. Roth - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 62 (C):42-50.
  2.  17
    The philosophical structure of historical explanation.Paul Andrew Roth - 2020 - Evanston, Illinois: Northwestern University Press.
    This book develops a philosophical structure for historical explanation that resolves disputes about the scientific status of history that have persisted since the nineteenth century. It does this by showing why historical explanations must take the form of a narrative and by making their logic explicit. The books formulates a unique positive account of the logic of narrative explanations. This logic reveals how the rational evaluation of narrative explanation becomes possible. The book also develops a nonrealist (irrealist) metaphysics and epistemology (...)
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  3. The Pasts.Paul A. Roth - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (3):313-339.
    ABSTRACTThis essay offers a reconfiguration of the possibility‐space of positions regarding the metaphysics and epistemology associated with historical knowledge. A tradition within analytic philosophy from Danto to Dummett attempts to answer questions about the reality of the past on the basis of two shared assumptions. The first takes individual statements as the relevant unit of semantic and philosophical analysis. The second presumes that variants of realism and antirealism about the past exhaust the metaphysical options . This essay argues that both (...)
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  4. Beyond understanding: the career of the concept of understanding in the human sciences.Paul A. Roth - forthcoming - Philosophy of the Social Sciences.
  5.  65
    Narrative Explanations: The Case of History.Paul A. Roth - 1988 - History and Theory 27 (1):1-13.
    The very idea of narrative explanation invites two objections: a methodological objection, stating that narrative structure is too far from the form of a scientific explanation to count as an explanation, and a metaphysical objection, stating that narrative structure situates historical practice too close to the writing of fiction. Both of these objections, however, are illfounded. The methodological objection and the dispute regarding the status of historical explanation can be disposed of by revealing their motivating presupposition: the plausibility of an (...)
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  6. Mistakes.Paul A. Roth - 2003 - Synthese 136 (3):389-408.
    A suggestion famously made by Peter Winch and carried through to present discussions holds that what constitutes the social as a kind consists of something shared – rules or practices commonly learned, internalized, or otherwise acquired by all members belonging to a society. This essays argues against the explanatory efficacy of appeals to this shared something as constitutive of a social kind by examining a violation of social norms or rules, viz., mistakes. I argue that an asymmetric relation exists between (...)
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  7. Hearts of darkness: 'perpetrator history' and why there is no why.Paul A. Roth - 2004 - History of the Human Sciences 17 (2-3):211-251.
    Three theories contend as explanations of perpetrator behavior in the Holocaust as well as other cases of genocide: structural, intentional, and situational. Structural explanations emphasize the sense in which no single individual or choice accounts for the course of events. In opposition, intentional/cutltural accounts insist upon the genocides as intended outcomes, for how can one explain situations in which people ‘step up’ and repeatedly kill defenseless others in large numbers over sustained periods of time as anything other than a choice? (...)
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  8.  44
    The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences.Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.) - 2003 - Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
    _The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences _collects newly commissioned essays that examine fundamental issues in the social sciences.
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  9. Ways of pastmaking.Paul A. Roth - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (4):125-143.
    Riddles of induction – old or new, Hume’s or Goodman’s – pose unanswered challenges to assumptions that experiences logically legitimate expectations or classifications. The challenges apply both to folk beliefs and to scientific ones. In particular, Goodman’s ‘new riddle’ famously confounds efforts to specify how additional experiences confirm the rightness of currently preferred ways of organizing objects, i.e. our favored theories of what kinds there are.1 His riddle serves to emphasize that neither logic nor experience certifies accepted groupings of objects (...)
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  10.  75
    Siegel on naturalized epistemology and natural science.Paul A. Roth - 1983 - Philosophy of Science 50 (3):482-493.
    What is the relation of epistemology, understood as the study of the evaluation of knowledge claims, and empirical psychology, understood as the study of the causal generation of a person's beliefs? Quine maintains that the relation is one of “mutual containment”.Epistemology in its new setting, conversely, is contained in natural science, as a chapter of psychology. … We are studying how the human subject of our study posits bodies and projects his physics from his data, and we appreciate that our (...)
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  11.  33
    Will the real scientists please stand up? dead ends and live issues in the explanation of scientific knowledge.Paul A. Roth - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):43-68.
  12.  15
    Beyond Understanding: The Career of the Concept of Understanding in the Human Sciences.Paul A. Roth - 2003 - In Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 311–333.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Real Understanding The Experience Distant — Understanding Hawaiian‐style The Experience Near — Understanding Holocaust Perpetrators Conclusion Notes.
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  13.  28
    Introduction. Ghosts and the Machine: Issues of Agency, Rationality, and Scientific Methodology in Contemporary Philosophy of Social Science.Stephen P. Turner & Paul A. Roth - 2003 - In Stephen P. Turner & Paul Andrew Roth (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 1–17.
    This chapter contains sections titled: The Origins of the Philosophy of Social Science Winch's Triad The Legitimation of “Continental” Philosophy Enter Davidson Rational Choice: The Scientization of the Intentional Philosophy of Social Science Today Notes.
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  14. Varieties and vagaries of historical explanation.Paul A. Roth - 2008 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 2 (2):214-226.
    For the better part of the 20th century, expositions of issues regarding historical explanation followed a predictable format, one that took as given the nonequivalence of explanations in history and philosophical models of scientific explanation. Ironically, at the present time, the philosophical point of note concerns how the notion of science has itself changed. Debates about explanation in turn need to adapt to this. This prompts the question of whether anything now still makes plausible the thought that history must make (...)
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  15.  48
    Truth in interpretation: The case of psychoanalysis.Paul A. Roth - 1991 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (2):175-195.
    This article explores and attempts to resolve some issues that arise when psychoanalytic explanations are construed as a type of historical or narrative explanation. The chief problem is this: If one rejects the claim of narratives to verisimilitude, this appears to divorce the notion of explanation from that of truth. The author examines, in particular, Donald Spence's attempt to deal with the relation of narrative explanations and truth. In his critique of Spence's distinction between narrative truth and historical truth, the (...)
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  16.  39
    Theories of nature and the nature of theories.Paul A. Roth - 1980 - Mind 89 (355):431-438.
  17. The silence of the norms: The missing historiography of The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Paul A. Roth - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):545-552.
    History has been disparaged since the late 19th century for not conforming to norms of scientific explanation. Nonetheless, as a matter of fact a work of history upends the regnant philosophical conception of science in the second part of the 20th century. Yet despite its impact, Kuhn’s Structure has failed to motivate philosophers to ponder why works of history should be capable of exerting rational influence on an understanding of philosophy of science. But all this constitutes a great irony and (...)
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  18.  11
    Made or Found? On Genesis and Genealogy.Paul A. Roth - 2024 - Analysis 84 (2):345-357.
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  19.  66
    Politics and epistemology: Rorty, MacIntyre, and the ends of philosophy.Paul A. Roth - 1989 - History of the Human Sciences 2 (2):171-191.
    In this paper, I examine how a manifest disagreement between Richard Rorty and Alasdair MacIntyre concerning the history of philosophy is but one of a series of deep and interrelated disagreements concerning, in addition, the history of science, the good life for human beings, and, ultimately, the character of and prospects for humankind as well. I shall argue that at the heart of this series of disagreements rests a dispute with regard to the nature of rationality. And this disagreement concerning (...)
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  20.  82
    Paradox and indeterminacy.Paul A. Roth - 1978 - Journal of Philosophy 75 (7):347-367.
  21. The object of understanding.Paul A. Roth - 2000 - In K. R. Stueber & H. H. Kogaler (eds.), Empathy and Agency: The Problem of Understanding in the Human Sciences. Boulder: Westview Press. pp. 243--269.
     
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  22.  35
    History and the manifest image: Hayden white as a philosopher of history1.Paul A. Roth - 2013 - History and Theory 52 (1):130-143.
  23. Hayden White and the Aesthetics of Historiography.Paul A. Roth - 1992 - History of the Human Sciences 5 (1):17-35.
  24.  13
    Searleworld.Paul A. Roth - 2012 - History and Theory 51 (1):123-142.
    ABSTRACTJohn Searle's most recent effort to account for human social institutions claims to provide a synthesis of the explanatory and the normative while simultaneously dismissing as confused and wrongheaded theorists who held otherwise. Searle, although doubtless alert to the usual considerations for separating the normative and the explanatory projects, announces at the outset that he conceives of matters quite differently. Searle's reason for reconceiving the field rests on his claim that both ends can be achieved by a single “underlying principle (...)
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  25. The epistemology of science after Quine.Paul A. Roth - 2005 - In Martin Curd & Stathis Psillos (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Science. New York: Routledge. pp. 3.
  26.  22
    Redrawing the Lines: Analytic Philosophy, Deconstruction, and Literary Theory.Paul A. Roth - 1991 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 49 (2):180-182.
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  27.  63
    Kitcher's two cultures.Paul A. Roth - 2003 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (3):386-405.
  28.  53
    Symposium: Does Cross-Cultural Philosophy Stand in Need of a Hermeneutic Expansion?Douglas L. Berger, Hans-Georg Moeller, A. Raghuramaraju & Paul A. Roth - 2017 - Journal of World Philosophies 2 (1):121-143.
    Does cross-cultural philosophy stand in need of a hermeneutical expansion? In engaging with this question, the symposium focuses upon methodological issues salient to cross-cultural inquiry. Douglas L. Berger lays out the ground for the debate by arguing for a methodological approach, which is able to rectify the discipline’s colonial legacies and bridge the hermeneutical distance with its objects of study. From their own perspectives, Hans-Georg Moeller, Paul Roth and A. Raghuramaraju analyze whether such a processual and hermeneutically-sensitive approach can indeed (...)
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  29. The End of Histories? Review Essay of Alexander Rosenberg’s How History Gets Things Wrong: the Neuroscience of Our Addiction to Stories.Mariana Imaz-Sheinbaum & Paul A. Roth - forthcoming - Journal of the Philosophy of History:1-9.
    Alex Rosenberg’s latest book purports to establish that narrative history cannot have any epistemic value. Rosenberg argues not for the replacement of narrative history by something more science-like, but rather the end of histories understood as an account of human doings under a certain description. This review critiques three of his main arguments: 1) narrative history must root its explanations in folk psychology, 2) there are no beliefs nor desires guiding human action, and 3) historical narratives are morally and ethically (...)
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  30.  55
    Real True Facts: A Reply to Currie and Swaim.Fons Dewulf & Paul A. Roth - 2022 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 16 (2):207-225.
  31.  65
    Chaos, Clio, and Scientistic Illusions of Understanding.Paul A. Roth & Thomas A. Ryckman - 1995 - History and Theory 34 (1):30-44.
    A number of authors have recently argued that the mathematical insights of "chaos theory" offer a promising formal model or significant analogy for understanding at least some historical events. We examine a representative claim of each kind regarding the application of chaos theory to problems of historical explanation. We identify two lines of argument. One we term the Causal Thesis, which states that chaos theory may be used to plausibly model, and so explain, historical events. The other we term the (...)
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  32.  41
    Logic and translation: A reply to Alan Berger.Paul A. Roth - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):154-163.
    The article argues, "contra" berger, that quine's advocacy alleged of classical logic is not based on any alleged "fit" between classical logic and some empirical account of language learning. roth begins by examining berger's claim that quine has changed his position on the acceptability of alternative logics. in berger's account, quine now accepts alternative logics because he could not defend his commitment to classical logic alone based on empirical evidence (e.g., verdict tables). roth argues that berger is mistaken both in (...)
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  33.  89
    On missing Neurath's boat: Some reflections on recent Quine literature.Paul A. Roth - 1984 - Synthese 61 (2):205-231.
  34.  94
    The bureaucratic turn: Weber contra Hempel in Fuller's social epistemology.Paul A. Roth - 1991 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 34 (3-4):365 – 376.
    Like the positivists, Fuller is concerned to demarcate and systematically evaluate scientific claims and practices. Fuller corrects and reforms the positivist enterprise in light of his sociological naturalism. What Fuller's analysis brings to the fore is how the naturalization of epistemology makes the power?knowledge relation into an epistemological issue. Yet, in his writings. Fuller is radically divided with respect to how to react to this fact. Specifically, Fuller vacillates between, on the one hand, a concern for democratizing norms and, on (...)
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  35. What does the sociology of scientific knowledge explain?: or, when epistemological chickens come home to roost.Paul A. Roth - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7 (1):95-108.
  36. Holocaust studies: what is to be learned?Mark S. Peacock & Paul A. Roth - 2004 - History of the Human Sciences 17 (2-3):1-13.
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  37. Thomas Kuhn: A Philosophical History for Our Time.Paul A. Roth - 2002 - Common Knowledge 8 (2):418-419.
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  38. Personhood, property rights, and the permissibility of abortion.Paul A. Roth - 1983 - Law and Philosophy 2 (2):163 - 191.
    The purpose of this paper is to argue that the tactic of granting a fetus the legal status of a person will not, contrary to the expectations of opponents of abortion, provide grounds for a general prohibition on abortions. I begin by examining two arguments, one moral (J. J. Thomson's A Defense of Abortion) and the other legal (D. Regan's Rewriting Roe v. Wade), which grant the assumption that a fetus is a person and yet argue to the conclusion that (...)
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  39.  34
    New Philosophy of Social Science: Problems of Indeterminacy.Paul A. Roth - 1995 - Metaphilosophy 26 (4):440-448.
    This article defends methodological and theoretical pluralism in the social sciences. While pluralistic, such a philosophy of social science is both pragmatic and normative. Only by facing the problems of such pluralism, including how to resolve the potential conflicts between various methods and theories, is it possible to discover appropriate criteria of adequacy for social scientific explanations and interpretations. So conceived, the social sciences do not give us fixed and universal features of the social world, but rather contribute to the (...)
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  40.  19
    Reconstructing Quine: The troubles with a tradition.Paul A. Roth - 1983 - Metaphilosophy 14 (3-4):249-266.
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  41.  13
    Who needs paradigms?Paul A. Roth - 1984 - Metaphilosophy 15 (3-4):225-238.
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  42.  15
    An Audience for History? Review Essay of Kalle Pihlainen’s The Work of History.Paul A. Roth - 2018 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 14 (1):81-92.
    Kalle Pihlainen’s book reworks seven essays published over the last dozen years. Pihlainen’s Preface and Hayden White’s Foreword articulate a cri de cœur. Both fear that something important has been missed. White’s Foreword somewhat cryptically characterizes Pihlainen’s book as “metacritical,” and locates Pihlainen in the role of being a “serious reader” for the community of theorists of history. What does it mean to be a “serious” reader? White never says. But following White’s hint, Pihlainen can be read as updating Marx’s (...)
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  43.  74
    A Rationalist Methodology for the Social Sciences.Paul A. Roth - 1989 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 19 (1):104-108.
  44.  46
    Editor’s Introduction:“What Does History Matter to...?”.Paul A. Roth - 2011 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):301-307.
  45.  14
    Erratum: Theories of nature and the nature of theories.Paul A. Roth - 1981 - Mind 90 (358):320 -.
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  46.  19
    Interpretation as explanation.Paul A. Roth - 1991 - In David R. Hiley, James Bohman & Richard Shusterman (eds.), The Interpretive turn: philosophy, science, culture. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. pp. 179--196.
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  47.  10
    Joseph H. Smith and William Kerrigan, eds., Images in Our Souls: Cavell, Phychoanalysis, and Cinema.Paul A. Roth - 1989 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 47 (2):184-186.
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  48.  24
    Jarvie’s Rationalitätstreit.Paul A. Roth - 2018 - In Raphael Sassower & Nathaniel Laor (eds.), The Impact of Critical Rationalism: Expanding the Popperian Legacy Through the Works of Ian C. Jarvie. Springer Verlag. pp. 241-255.
    As a Popperian, Ian C. Jarvie takes falsifiability to be a defining characteristic of rationality. This suggests that any disagreement about the truth or falsity of a particular belief that can be settled by further evidence should be rationally resolvable, at least in the following sense. Niceties about probabilities aside, one should be able to specify under what conditions, that is, given what evidence, one would surrender that belief. Put another way, if a belief will not be given up no (...)
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  49.  8
    Logic and Translation.Paul A. Roth - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (3):154-163.
  50. Michael Krausz, ed., Relativism: Interpretation and Confrontation Reviewed by.Paul A. Roth - 1990 - Philosophy in Review 10 (2):66-70.
     
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