Results for 'Patrik Lindenfors'

157 found
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  1.  15
    The Origins and Maintenance of Female Genital Modification across Africa.Cody T. Ross, Pontus Strimling, Karen Paige Ericksen, Patrik Lindenfors & Monique Borgerhoff Mulder - 2016 - Human Nature 27 (2):173-200.
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  2.  37
    ‘Relational Values’ is Neither a Necessary nor Justified Ethical Concept.Patrik Baard - 2024 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 1 (1).
    ‘Relational value’ (RV) has intuitive credibility due to the shortcomings of existing axiological categories regarding recognizing the ethical relevance of people’s relations to nature. But RV is justified by arguments and analogies that do not hold up to closer scrutiny, which strengthens the assumption that RV is redundant. While RV may provide reasons for ethically considering some relations, much work remains to show that RV is a concept that does something existing axiological concepts cannot, beyond empirically describing relations people have (...)
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  3.  70
    Own Data? Ethical Reflections on Data Ownership.Patrik Hummel, Matthias Braun & Peter Dabrock - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (3):545-572.
    In discourses on digitization and the data economy, it is often claimed that data subjects shall beownersof their data. In this paper, we provide a problem diagnosis for such calls fordata ownership: a large variety of demands are discussed under this heading. It thus becomes challenging to specify what—if anything—unites them. We identify four conceptual dimensions of calls for data ownership and argue that these help to systematize and to compare different positions. In view of this pluralism of data ownership (...)
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  4.  7
    Extending and implementing the stable model semantics.Patrik Simons, Ilkka Niemelä & Timo Soininen - 2002 - Artificial Intelligence 138 (1-2):181-234.
  5.  4
    Musik, mening och värde: filosofiska perspektiv på en värld av eget slag.Patrik Andersson - 2020 - Lund: Odeum, Lunds Universitet.
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  6.  3
    Understanding the nature of science.Patrik Lindholm (ed.) - 2019 - New York: Nova Science Publishers.
    In fluid-dynamics, several motivating factors can spur new lines of inquiry. Beginning with considerations on the exchange of momentum that takes place at small scales inside a fluid, and after introducing a generalized categorization of different types of fluid media, Understanding the Nature of Science presents a critical analysis of contemporary issues which are being debated in the scientific community. Next, the authors present an evolutionary ecological approach in which human knowledge is studied as the ecology of interacting data-information-knowledge systems (...)
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  7. Emotional responses to music: The need to consider underlying mechanisms.Patrik N. Juslin & Daniel Västfjäll - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):559-575.
    Research indicates that people value music primarily because of the emotions it evokes. Yet, the notion of musical emotions remains controversial, and researchers have so far been unable to offer a satisfactory account of such emotions. We argue that the study of musical emotions has suffered from a neglect of underlying mechanisms. Specifically, researchers have studied musical emotions without regard to how they were evoked, or have assumed that the emotions must be based on the mechanism for emotion induction, a (...)
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  8.  56
    Neural response to emotional faces with and without awareness; event-related fMRI in a parietal patient with visual extinction and spatial neglect.Patrik Vuilleumier, J. L. Armony, Karen Clarke, Masud Husain, Julia Driver & Raymond J. Dolan - 2002 - Neuropsychologia 40 (12):2156-2166.
  9.  15
    Why People Harm the Environment Although They Try to Treat It Well: An Evolutionary-Cognitive Perspective on Climate Compensation.Patrik Sörqvist & Linda Langeborg - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  10.  2
    Validation of Cyber Test for Future Soldiers: A Test Battery for the Selection of Cyber Soldiers.Patrik Lif, Teodor Sommestad, Pär-Anders Albinsson, Christian Valassi & Daniel Eidenskog - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    To facilitate recruitment of conscript cyber soldiers in Sweden, the Cyber Test for Future Soldiers was developed as a complement to the existing generic enrolment test. Consisting of several parts, CTFS measures different aspects of computer-related knowledge and cognitive abilities that we believe are of particular relevance to cyber security. This article describes the evaluation regarding CTFS’s validity and reliability based on data from 62 conscripts that took the test and the 27 selected conscripts finishing the training 1 year later. (...)
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  11.  21
    On the Meaning of Yathārtha.Patrik Nyman - 2005 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 33 (5-6):553-570.
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  12.  13
    Legal Enforcement of Xenotransplantation Public Health Safeguards.Patrik S. Florencio & Erik D. Ramanathan - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):117-123.
    Xenotransplantation is any transplantation, implantation, or infusion of either live cells, tissues, or organs from a nonhuman animal source, or human bodily fluids, cells, tissues, or organs that have had ex vivo contact with live nonhuman animal cells, tissues, or organs into a human recipient. Most scientists agree that clinical xenotransplantation should not be performed in the absence of accompanying public health safeguards The science upon which that consensus is based has been extensively described in the literature. By and large (...)
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  13.  8
    Grand Challenges in Environmental Psychology.Patrik Sörqvist - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  14. Beware and be aware: Capture of spatial attention by fear-related stimuli iin neglect.Patrik Vuilleumier & Sophie Schwartz - 2001 - Neuroreport 12 (6):1119-1122.
  15. Modelling Culinary Value.Patrik Engisch - 2022 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism (2):1-12.
    Culinary products have culinary value. That is, they have value qua culinary products. However, what is the nature of culinary value and what elements determine it? In the light of the central and universal role that culinary products play in our lives, offering a philosophical analysis of culinary value is a matter of interest. This paper attempts to do just this. It develops three different possible models of culinary value, two rather restricted ones and a third more encompassing one, rejects (...)
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  16.  19
    Legal Enforcement of Xenotransplatation public Health Safeguards.Patrik S. Florencio & Erik D. Ramanathan - 2004 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 32 (1):117-123.
    Xenotransplantation is any transplantation, implantation, or infusion of either live cells, tissues, or organs from a nonhuman animal source, or human bodily fluids, cells, tissues, or organs that have had ex vivo contact with live nonhuman animal cells, tissues, or organs into a human recipient. Most scientists agree that clinical xenotransplantation should not be performed in the absence of accompanying public health safeguards The science upon which that consensus is based has been extensively described in the literature. By and large (...)
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  17.  24
    Against the Complex versus Simple Distinction.Patrik Hummel - 2017 - Erkenntnis 82 (2):363-378.
    This paper examines three proposals on the difference between the complex and the simple view about personal identity: Parfit’s original introduction of the distinction, Gasser and Stefan’s definition, and Noonan’s recent proposal. I argue that the first two classify the paradigm cases of simplicity as complex, while Noonan’s proposal makes simplicity and complexity turn on features whose relevance for the distinction is questionable. Given these difficulties, I examine why we should be interested in whether a position is complex or simple. (...)
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  18.  99
    Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications.Patrik N. Juslin & John Sloboda (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    A successor to the acclaimed 'Music and Emotion', The Handbook of Music and Emotion provides comprehensive coverage of the field, in all its breadth and depth. As well as summarizing what is currently known about music and emotion, it will also stimulate further research in promising directions that have been little studied.
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  19.  44
    Against the Complex versus Simple Distinction.Patrik Hummel - 2016 - Erkenntnis:1-16.
    This paper examines three proposals on the difference between the complex and the simple view about personal identity: Parfit’s original introduction of the distinction, Gasser and Stefan’s definition, and Noonan’s recent proposal. I argue that the first two classify the paradigm cases of simplicity as complex, while Noonan’s proposal makes simplicity and complexity turn on features whose relevance for the distinction is questionable. Given these difficulties, I examine why we should be interested in whether a position is complex or simple. (...)
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  20.  68
    Primer on an ethics of AI-based decision support systems in the clinic.Matthias Braun, Patrik Hummel, Susanne Beck & Peter Dabrock - 2021 - Journal of Medical Ethics 47 (12):3-3.
    Making good decisions in extremely complex and difficult processes and situations has always been both a key task as well as a challenge in the clinic and has led to a large amount of clinical, legal and ethical routines, protocols and reflections in order to guarantee fair, participatory and up-to-date pathways for clinical decision-making. Nevertheless, the complexity of processes and physical phenomena, time as well as economic constraints and not least further endeavours as well as achievements in medicine and healthcare (...)
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  21.  25
    Physicians and caregivers do differ in ethical attitudes to daily clinical practice.Patrik Kjærsdam Telléus, Dorte Møller Holdgaard & Birthe Thørring - 2018 - Clinical Ethics 13 (4):209-219.
    It is commonly assumed that there are differences in physicians’ and caregivers’ ethical attitudes towards clinical situations. The assumption is that the difference is driven by different values, views and judgements in specific situations. At Aalborg University Hospital, Denmark, we aimed to investigate these assumptions by conducting a large quantitative study. The study design, based on the Factorial Survey Method, was a carefully constructed survey with 50 questions designed to test which factors influenced the respondents’ ethical reasoning. The factors were (...)
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  22. Evil or the Lack of Meaning.Patrik Fridlund - 2018 - Logoi. Ph – Rivista di Filosofia, Journal of Philosophy 4 (11):34-48.
    I argue that Paul Ricœur displaces and decentres established theodicies; the issue of evil is perceived as a practical rather than a speculative matter. It is the view of evil as a productive aporia, which suggests that evil provokes action and obliges human beings to take a stand ethically and politically. Hence, the topic of evil is not necessarily about putting together a jigsaw puzzle. The central problem of evil has less to do with logic than with resignation, inertia, despair (...)
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  23.  13
    The Heritage Value of Culinary Items: A Rather Skeptical Tale.Patrik Engisch - forthcoming - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism.
    Can culinary items bear heritage value? That is, can culinary items bear the kind of universal value shared by, say, a paleolithic site and the Hiroshima Peace.
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  24.  8
    Perspectives of patients and clinicians on big data and AI in health: a comparative empirical investigation.Patrik Hummel, Matthias Braun, Serena Bischoff, David Samhammer, Katharina Seitz, Peter A. Fasching & Peter Dabrock - forthcoming - AI and Society:1-15.
    Background Big data and AI applications now play a major role in many health contexts. Much research has already been conducted on ethical and social challenges associated with these technologies. Likewise, there are already some studies that investigate empirically which values and attitudes play a role in connection with their design and implementation. What is still in its infancy, however, is the comparative investigation of the perspectives of different stakeholders. Methods To explore this issue in a multi-faceted manner, we conducted (...)
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  25. Modulation of visual processing by attention and emotion: windows on causal interactions between human brain regions.Patrik Vuilleumier & Driver & Jon - 2008 - In Jon Driver, Patrick Haggard & Tim Shallice (eds.), Mental Processes in the Human Brain. Oxford University Press.
     
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  26.  17
    Derrida, Abraham and Responsible Subjectivity.Patrik Fridlund - 2016 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 141 (1):59-78.
    Secrecy is a theme in Genesis 22, in Derrida's reading of the story, in which God commands Abraham to sacrifice Isaac. It is about keeping a secret, not secret as in hiding, but rather the secret of an exclusive relationship. This is embarrassing as it is excluding. Accepting this unique relationship by keeping the secret, Abraham demonstrates his willingness to enter into a relationship based on unconditional love. An essential part of this unconditionality and uniqueness is Abraham not referring to (...)
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  27.  23
    George Lindbeck as a Potential Religious Pluralist.Patrik Fridlund - 2019 - Heythrop Journal 60 (3):368-382.
    Interreligious dialogue and conversion are two contentious foci for understanding how religion operates. An interpretation of George Lindbeck serves as a starting point for discussion in this paper. The dominant reading is that Lindbeck claims that traditions absorb the world. Religious traditions are isolated, and the one with a greater capacity to assimilate others’ concerns emerges the strongest – implying what is called exclusivism. My proposal is that a different reading of Lindbeck is possible; I am not so much questioning (...)
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  28.  12
    The naïve intuitive statistician: organism—environment relations from yet another angle.Patrik Hansson, Peter Juslin & Anders Winman - 2008 - In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press. pp. 237.
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  29. The naive intuitive statistician: organism-environment relations from yet another angle.Patrik Hansson, Peter Juslin & Winman & Anders - 2008 - In Nick Chater & Mike Oaksford (eds.), The Probabilistic Mind: Prospects for Bayesian Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press.
     
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  30.  25
    Attention and automaticity in processing facial expressions.Patrik Vuilleumier & Ruthger Righart - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press. pp. 449--478.
    Attention serves to represent selectively relevant information at the expense of competing and irrelevant information, but the mechanisms and effects of attention are not unitary. The great variety of methods and techniques used to study automaticity and attention for facial expressions suggests that the time should now be ready for a better breaking down of the concepts of automaticity and attention into elementary constituents that are more tractable to investigations in cognitive neuroscience. This article reviews both the behavioral and neuroimaging (...)
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  31.  39
    Ethics in Biodiversity Conservation.Patrik Baard - 2022 - London and New York: Routledge.
    This book examines the role of ethics and philosophy in biodiversity conservation. The objective of this book is two-fold: on the one hand it offers a detailed and systematic account of central normative concepts often used, but rarely explicated nor justified, within conservation biology. Such concepts include 'values', 'rights', and 'duties'. The second objective is to emphasize to environmental philosophers and applied ethicists the many interesting decision-making challenges of biodiversity conservation. The book argues that a nuanced account of instrumental values (...)
  32.  27
    Letting Philosophy Go.Linda E. Patrik - 2005 - International Studies in Philosophy 37 (1):81-94.
  33.  62
    The aesthetic experience of ruins.Linda E. Patrik - 1986 - Husserl Studies 3 (1):31-55.
  34. Introduction: Aims, organization, and terminology.Patrik N. Juslin & Sloboda & A. John - 2011 - In Patrik N. Juslin & John Sloboda (eds.), Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications. Oxford University Press.
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  35. The past, present, and future of music and emotion research.Patrik N. Juslin & Sloboda & A. John - 2011 - In Patrik N. Juslin & John Sloboda (eds.), Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications. Oxford University Press.
     
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  36. Perceptual awareness and its loss in unilateral neglect and extinction.John Driver & Patrik Vuilleumier - 2001 - Cognition 79 (1):39-88.
  37. Recipes, Traditions, and Representation.Patrik Engisch - 2021 - In Andrea Borghini & Patrik Engisch (eds.), A Philosophy of Recipes: Making, Experiencing, and Valuing. Bloomsbury.
    Do recipes and their instances, i.e. dishes, have any representational power? This is vexed question in the philosophy of food. In this paper, I take a fresh look on the issue by means of a theory of recipes. I argue that once a certain conception of recipes is in place, complemented by a certain conception of traditions, it becomes plausible that certain recipes, traditional ones, and their instances, traditional dishes, can be said to represent past living conditions. Hence, at some (...)
     
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  38. Emotional responses to music.Patrik N. Juslin - 2008 - In Susan Hallam, Ian Cross & Michael Thaut (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Music Psychology. Oxford University Press.
     
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  39.  30
    Just data? Solidarity and justice in data-driven medicine.Matthias Braun & Patrik Hummel - 2020 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 16 (1):1-18.
    This paper argues that data-driven medicine gives rise to a particular normative challenge. Against the backdrop of a distinction between the good and the right, harnessing personal health data towards the development and refinement of data-driven medicine is to be welcomed from the perspective of the good. Enacting solidarity drives progress in research and clinical practice. At the same time, such acts of sharing could—especially considering current developments in big data and artificial intelligence—compromise the right by leading to injustices and (...)
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  40.  8
    Concentration: The Neural Underpinnings of How Cognitive Load Shields Against Distraction.Patrik Sörqvist, Örjan Dahlström, Thomas Karlsson & Jerker Rönnberg - 2016 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 10.
  41.  38
    Recipes and Culinary Creativity. The Noma Legacy.Patrik Engisch - 2020 - Humana Mente 13 (38).
    In the past years, food has found itself a central focus of creativity in contemporary culture and a pinnacle of this trend has been the kind of culinary creativity displayed at Noma in Copenhagen. But what is culinary creativity? And what is distinctive about the kind of culinary creativity displayed at places like Noma? In this paper, I attempt to answer these two questions. Building up on pioneering work on creativity by Margaret Boden, I argue that creativity is a matter (...)
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  42. How does music evoke emotions? Exploring the underlying mechanisms.Patrik N. Juslin, Simon Liljeström, Daniel Västfjäll & Lundqvist & Lars-Olov - 2011 - In Patrik N. Juslin & John Sloboda (eds.), Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications. Oxford University Press.
  43.  25
    The Goodness of Means: Instrumental and Relational Values, Causation, and Environmental Policies.Patrik Baard - 2019 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 32 (1):183-199.
    Instrumental values are often considered to be inferior to intrinsic values. One reason for this is that instrumental values are extrinsic and rely on two factors: (a) a means–end relationship that is (b) conducive to something of final or intrinsic value. In this paper, I will investigate the conditions under which bearers of instrumental value are given different value or owed different levels of respect. Such conditions include the number of means that are conducive to something of final or intrinsic (...)
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  44. The ethics of species extinctions.Anna Wienhues, Patrik Baard, Alfonso Donoso & Markku Oksanen - 2023 - Cambridge Prisms: Extinction 1 (e23):1–15.
    This review provides an overview of the ethics of extinctions with a focus on the Western analytical environmental ethics literature. It thereby gives special attention to the possible philosophical grounds for Michael Soulé’s assertion that the untimely ‘extinction of populations and species is bad’. Illustrating such debates in environmental ethics, the guiding question for this review concerns why – or when – anthropogenic extinctions are bad or wrong, which also includes the question of when that might not be the case (...)
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  45.  7
    Gudomligt kaos och mänsklig ordning : om filosofi, litteratur och teologi.Patrik Fridlund - 2014 - Svensk Teologisk Kvartalskrift 90 (4):170-178.
    It can be said that literary texts do not have any obligation to reality, and that literature destabilises our relation to normal use of words and to established perspectives. Literature is in relation with something that cannot be explained or conceptualised. In this respect literature is close to religion. Literature invites us to believe in something that is unreal and beyond ordinary life. In literature we are confronted with something different and hence ordinary meaning of words, normal understandings and every (...)
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  46.  19
    George Lindbeck as a Potential Religious Pluralist.Patrik Fridlund - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (6):368-382.
    Interreligious dialogue and conversion are two contentious foci for understanding how religion operates. An interpretation of George Lindbeck serves as a starting point for discussion in this paper. The dominant reading is that Lindbeck claims that traditions absorb the world. Religious traditions are isolated, and the one with a greater capacity to assimilate others’ concerns emerges the strongest – implying what is called exclusivism. My proposal is that a different reading of Lindbeck is possible; I am not so much questioning (...)
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  47.  7
    Post-truth Politics, Performatives and the Force.Patrik Fridlund - 2020 - Jus Cogens 2 (3):215-235.
    This paper on post-truth politics argues that to the extent that one wants to understand political discourses generally (post-truth political discourses in particular), it is crucial to see them as circulating talk that performs rather than reports. This implies a shift in focus. Many react strongly to ‘post-truth’ assertions by appealing to evidence, objectivity, facts and truth. In this paper, it is suggested that, when analysing political discourses, there is no point asking, ‘Is it true?’ One should rather ask, ‘What (...)
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  48.  17
    Both attention and emotion can bias neuronal responses.Patrik Vuilleumier - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (12):585-594.
  49.  13
    Precision about the automatic emotional brain.Patrik Vuilleumier - 2015 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  50.  9
    Mind the gap: The mediating role of emotion mechanisms in social bonding through musical activities.Patrik N. Juslin - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    I support the music and social bonding framework, but submit that the authors' predictions lack discriminative power, and that they do not engage sufficiently with the emotion mechanisms that mediate between musical features and social bonding. I elaborate on how various mechanisms may contribute, in unique ways, to social bonding at various levels to help account for the socio-emotional effects of music.
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