Results for 'Patrick Vinck'

984 found
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  1. Fair, Transparent, and Accountable Algorithmic Decision-making Processes: The Premise, the Proposed Solutions, and the Open Challenges.Bruno Lepri, Nuria Oliver, Emmanuel Letouzé, Alex Pentland & Patrick Vinck - 2018 - Philosophy and Technology 31 (4):611-627.
    The combination of increased availability of large amounts of fine-grained human behavioral data and advances in machine learning is presiding over a growing reliance on algorithms to address complex societal problems. Algorithmic decision-making processes might lead to more objective and thus potentially fairer decisions than those made by humans who may be influenced by greed, prejudice, fatigue, or hunger. However, algorithmic decision-making has been criticized for its potential to enhance discrimination, information and power asymmetry, and opacity. In this paper, we (...)
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  2. Body-Self Dualism in Contemporary Ethics and Politics.Patrick Lee & Robert P. George - 2007 - New York ;: Cambridge University Press. Edited by Robert P. George.
    Profoundly important ethical and political controversies turn on the question of whether biological life is an essential aspect of a human person, or only an extrinsic instrument. Lee and George argue that human beings are physical, animal organisms - albeit essentially rational and free - and examine the implications of this understanding of human beings for some of the most controversial issues in contemporary ethics and politics. The authors argue that human beings are animal organisms and that their personal identity (...)
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  3. On the origin of conspiracy theories.Patrick Brooks - 2023 - Philosophical Studies 180 (12):3279-3299.
    Conspiracy theories are rather a popular topic these days, and a lot has been written on things like the meaning of _conspiracy theory_, whether it’s ever rational to believe conspiracy theories, and on the psychology and demographics of people who believe conspiracy theories. But very little has been said about why people might be led to posit conspiracy theories in the first place. This paper aims to fill this lacuna. In particular, I shall argue that, in open democratic societies, citizens (...)
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  4. Indeterminate truth.Patrick Greenough - 2008 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 32 (1):213-241.
    In §2-4, I survey three extant ways of making sense of indeterminate truth and find each of them wanting. All the later sections of the paper are concerned with showing that the most promising way of making sense of indeterminate truth is via either a theory of truthmaker gaps or via a theory of truthmaking gaps. The first intimations of a truthmaker–truthmaking gap theory of indeterminacy are to be found in Quine (1981). In §5, we see how Quine proposes to (...)
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  5. Deletion as second death: the moral status of digital remains.Patrick Stokes - 2015 - Ethics and Information Technology 17 (4):237-248.
    There has been increasing attention in sociology and internet studies to the topic of ‘digital remains’: the artefacts users of social network services (SNS) and other online services leave behind when they die. But these artefacts also pose philosophical questions regarding what impact, if any, these artefacts have on the ontological and ethical status of the dead. One increasingly pertinent question concerns whether these artefacts should be preserved, and whether deletion counts as a harm to the deceased user and therefore (...)
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  6. On Hylemorphism and Personal Identity.Patrick Toner - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (3):454-473.
    Abstract: There is no such thing as ‘the’ hylemorphic account of personal identity. There are several views that count as hylemorphic, and these views can be grouped into two main families—the corruptionist view, and the survivalist view. The differentiating factor is that the corruptionist view holds that the persistence of the soul is not sufficient for the persistence of the person, while the survivalist view holds that the persistence of the soul is sufficient for the persistence of the person. In (...)
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  7. A concise introduction to logic.Patrick J. Hurley - 2000 - Belmont, CA: Wadsworth. Edited by Lori Watson.
    Tens of thousands of students have learned to be more discerning at constructing and evaluating arguments with the help of Patrick J. Hurley. Hurley’s lucid, friendly, yet thorough presentation has made A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC the most widely used logic text in North America. In addition, the book’s accompanying technological resources, such as CengageNOW and Learning Logic, include interactive exercises as well as video and audio clips to reinforce what you read in the book and hear in class. (...)
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  8.  79
    Personhood and Death in St. Thomas Aquinas.Patrick Toner - 2009 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 26 (2):121 - 138.
  9. St. Thomas Aquinas on death and the separated soul.Patrick Toner - 2010 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91 (4):587-599.
    Since St. Thomas Aquinas holds that death is a substantial change, a popular current interpretation of his anthropology must be mistaken. According to that interpretation – the ‘survivalist’ view – St. Thomas holds that we human beings survive our deaths, constituted solely by our souls in the interim between death and resurrection. This paper argues that St. Thomas must have held the ‘corruptionist’ view: the view that human beings cease to exist at their deaths. Certain objections to the corruptionist view (...)
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  10.  68
    Will and political legitimacy : a critical exposition of social contract theory in Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, and Hegel.Patrick Riley (ed.) - 2000 - Replica Books.
    Presents an historical analysis of social contract theory by considering the works of prominent philosophers.
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  11.  22
    Europudding or Europaradise? A performance evaluation of the Eurimages co-production film fund, twenty years after its inception.Sophie De Vinck - 2009 - Communications 34 (3):257-285.
    This article focuses on Eurimages, the Council of Europe fund for the co-production, distribution and exhibition of European films. The core investigation of this paper relates to the benefits this public fund has had for the European film sector. Reflecting on the fund's twenty-year existence, what output has been realized, both in economic and cultural terms? Turning to the future, what are the fund's prospects now that the sector is facing the technological challenge of digitization? In order to evaluate the (...)
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  12.  3
    The yes book.José De Vinck - 1972 - [Allendale, N.J.]: Alleluia Press.
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  13. Entanglement, Upper Probabilities and Decoherence in Quantum Mechanics.Patrick Suppes & Stephan Hartmann - 2009 - In Mauro Dorato et al (ed.), EPSA 2007: Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Springer. pp. 93--103.
    Quantum mechanical entangled configurations of particles that do not satisfy Bell’s inequalities, or equivalently, do not have a joint probability distribution, are familiar in the foundational literature of quantum mechanics. Nonexistence of a joint probability measure for the correlations predicted by quantum mechanics is itself equivalent to the nonexistence of local hidden variables that account for the correlations (for a proof of this equivalence, see Suppes and Zanotti, 1981). From a philosophical standpoint it is natural to ask what sort of (...)
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  14. Schopenhauer.Patrick Gardiner, Arthur Schopenhauer & E. Payne - 1966 - Revista Portuguesa de Filosofia 22 (2):212-212.
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  15. Moral Uncertainty, Pure Justifiers, and Agent-Centred Options.Patrick Kaczmarek & Harry R. Lloyd - forthcoming - Australasian Journal of Philosophy.
    Moral latitude is only ever a matter of coincidence on the most popular decision procedure in the literature on moral uncertainty. In all possible choice situations other than those in which two or more options happen to be tied for maximal expected choiceworthiness, Maximize Expected Choiceworthiness implies that only one possible option is uniquely appropriate. A better theory of appropriateness would be more sensitive to the decision maker’s credence in theories that endorse agent-centred prerogatives. In this paper, we will develop (...)
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  16.  18
    Against ‘functional gravitational energy’: a critical note on functionalism, selective realism, and geometric objects and gravitational energy.Patrick M. Duerr - 2019 - Synthese 199 (S2):299-333.
    The present paper revisits the debate between realists about gravitational energy in GR and anti-realists/eliminativists. I re-assess the arguments underpinning Hoefer’s seminal eliminativist stance, and those of their realist detractors’ responses. A more circumspect reading of the former is proffered that discloses where the so far not fully appreciated, real challenges lie for realism about gravitational energy. I subsequently turn to Lam and Read’s recent proposals for such a realism. Their arguments are critically examined. Special attention is devoted to the (...)
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  17. Epistemic Contextualism.Patrick Rysiew - 2007 - The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Epistemic contextualism is a recent and hotly debated position. In its dominant form, EC is the view that the proposition expressed by a given knowledge sentence depends upon the context in which it is uttered. What makes this view interesting and controversial is that ‘context’ here refers, not to certain features of the putative subject of knowledge or his/her objective situation, but rather to features of the knowledge attributor' psychology and/or conversational-practical situation. As a result of such context-dependence, utterances of (...)
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  18.  14
    Religion, neuroscience and the self: a new personalism.Patrick McNamara - 2020 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book uses neuroscience discoveries concerning religious experiences, the Self and personhood to deepen, enhance and interrogate the theological and philosophical set of ideas known as Personalism. McNamara proposes a new eschatological form of personalism that is consistent with current neuroscience models of relevant brain functions concerning the self and personhood and that can meet the catastrophic challenges of the 21st century. Eschatological Personalism, rooted in the philosophical tradition of "Boston Personalism", takes as its starting point the personalist claim that (...)
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  19.  20
    7. Kierkegaard’s Critique of the Internet.Patrick Stokes - 2020 - In Mélissa Fox-Muraton (ed.), Kierkegaard and Issues in Contemporary Ethics. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 125-146.
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  20.  8
    The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations: Philosophy of Science and its Implications for the Study of World Politics.Patrick Thaddeus Jackson - 2010 - Routledge.
    __The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations_ first edition was winner of the ISA-Northeast’s Yale H. Ferguson Award, and the ISA Theory Section’s Best Book of the Year award._ _The Conduct of Inquiry in International Relations_ provides an introduction to the philosophy of science issues and their implications for the study of global politics. The author draws attention to the problems caused by the misleading notion of a single unified scientific method, and proposes a framework that clarifies the variety of (...)
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  21. St. Thomas Aquinas on the Problem of Too Many Thinkers.Patrick Toner - 2012 - Modern Schoolman 89 (3-4):209-222.
    It has been argued that St. Thomas Aquinas’s anthropological views fall prey to the problem of “Too Many Thinkers.” The worry, roughly, is that his views entail that I—a human person—am able to think, but that my soul—which is not a human person—is also able to think. Hence, too many thinkers: there are too many ofus having my thoughts. In this paper, I show why this is not a problem for St. Thomas. Along the way, I also address Peter Unger’s (...)
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  22. St. Thomas Aquinas on punishing souls.Patrick Toner - 2012 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 71 (2):103-116.
    The details of St. Thomas Aquinas’s anthropological view are subject to debate. Some philosophers believe he held that human persons survive their deaths. Other philosophers think he held that human persons cease to exist at their death, but come back into being at the general resurrection. In this paper, I defend the latter view against one of the most significant objections it faces, namely, that it entails that God punishes and rewards separated souls for the sins or merits of something (...)
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  23. Manipulation.Patrick Todd - 2013 - International Encyclopedia of Ethics.
    At the most general level, "manipulation" refers one of many ways of influencing behavior, along with (but to be distinguished from) other such ways, such as coercion and rational persuasion. Like these other ways of influencing behavior, manipulation is of crucial importance in various ethical contexts. First, there are important questions concerning the moral status of manipulation itself; manipulation seems to be mor- ally problematic in ways in which (say) rational persuasion does not. Why is this so? Furthermore, the notion (...)
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  24.  6
    The observable: Heisenberg's philosophy of quantum mechanics.Patrick A. Heelan - 2016 - New York: Peter Lang. Edited by Michel Bitbol & Babette E. Babich.
    Patrick Aidan Heelan’s The Observable offers the reader a completely articulated development of his 1965 philosophy of quantum physics, Quantum Mechanics and Objectivity. In this previously unpublished study dating back more than a half a century, Heelan brings his background as both a physicist and a philosopher to his reflections on Werner Heisenberg’s physical philosophy. Including considerably broader connections to the contributions of Niels Bohr, Wolfgang Pauli, and Albert Einstein, this study also reflects Heelan’s experience in Eugene Wigner’s laboratory (...)
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  25.  28
    Selective Theta-Synchronization of Choice-Relevant Information Subserves Goal-Directed Behavior.Thilo Womelsdorf, Martin Vinck, L. Stan Leung & Stefan Everling - 2010 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 4.
  26.  27
    Thinking about technology.Dominique Vinck - 2012 - Universitas Philosophica 29 (58):17-37.
  27.  9
    Indeterminate Truth.Patrick Greenough - 1981 - In Felicia Ackerman (ed.), Midwest Studies in Philosophy. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 213–241.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Preamble Conceptual Primitivism Concerning “Determinately” Incoherentism and Indeterminate Truth Slater on Indeterminate Truth Quine, Indeterminate Truth, and the Problem of the Many Truthmaker Gaps and Indeterminate Truth The Logic of Determinacy Worldly Indeterminacy: Williamson's Conception and the Ordinary Conception Minimal Versus Robust Forms of Worldly and Linguistic Indeterminacy Truthmaker Gaps and Knowledge Epistemicism, Third Possibility Views, and Indeterminate Truth Semantic Presupposition Failure and Indeterminate Truth Truthmaking Gaps and Indeterminate Truth The Queerness Objection Conclusion References.
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  28. The significance of Nichtigkeit in Schopenhauer’s account of the sublime.Patrick Hassan - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian mind. New York, NY: Routledge.
  29. Truthmaker Gaps and the No-No Paradox.Patrick Greenough - 2011 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 82 (3):547 - 563.
    Consider the following sentences: The neighbouring sentence is not true. The neighbouring sentence is not true. Call these the no-no sentences. Symmetry considerations dictate that the no-no sentences must both possess the same truth-value. Suppose they are both true. Given Tarski’s truth-schema—if a sentence S says that p then S is true iff p—and given what they say, they are both not true. Contradiction! Conclude: they are not both true. Suppose they are both false. Given Tarski’s falsity-schema—if a sentence S (...)
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  30.  12
    Politicizing Algorithms by Other Means: Toward Inquiries for Affective Dissensions.Florian Jaton & Dominique Vinck - 2023 - Perspectives on Science 31 (1):84-118.
    In this paper, we build upon Bruno Latour’s political writings to address the current impasse regarding algorithms in public life. We assert that the increasing difficulties at governing algorithms—be they qualified as “machine learning,” “big data,” or “artificial intelligence”—can be related to their current ontological thinness: deriving from constricted views on theoretical practices, algorithms’ standard definition as problem-solving computerized methods provides poor grips for affective dissensions. We then emphasize on the role historical and ethnographic studies of algorithms can potentially play (...)
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  31. Dynamic "Might" and Correct Belief.Patrick Skeels - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    Veltman’s test semantics and developments thereof reject the canon about semantic contents and attitude ascriptions in favor of dynamic alternatives. According to these theories the semantic content of a sentence is not a proposition, but a context change potential (CCP). Similarly, beliefs are not taken to be relations between agents and propositions, but agents and CCPs. These deviations from the canon come at the cost of an elegant explanation about the correctness of belief. Standardly, it is taken that the content (...)
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  32.  52
    Pensar la técnica.Dominique Vinck - 2012 - Universitas Philosophica 29 (58):17-37.
  33.  6
    Introduction: Science Is Politics By Other Means Revisited.Eve Seguin & Dominique Vinck - 2023 - Perspectives on Science 31 (1):1-8.
    In the past forty years, Bruno Latour’s claim that Science Is Politics By Other Means (SIPBOM) has been the underlying creed of Science and Technology Studies (STS), most of us simply taking it for granted. In contrast, this special issue is predicated on the observation of an enduring lack of exegesis of this catchphrase so remarkable that is has caused an outcry among natural scientists, echoed in some social science quarters. If SIPBOM has been a resource for decades, by turning (...)
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  34.  34
    A new axiomatic foundation of partial comparability.Alexis Tsoukiàs & Philippe Vincke - 1995 - Theory and Decision 39 (1):79-114.
  35.  8
    Qu'est-ce que le matérialisme?: introduction à l'analyse des complexes discursifs.Patrick Tort - 2016 - Paris: Belin.
    Le matérialisme que ce livre interroge et construit n'est pas une « philosophie », mais la condition de possibilité et l'outil de la connaissance objective. Historiquement, il se confond, de fait, avec l'élaboration de la science moderne s'affranchissant graduellement des contrats de parole qui l'asservirent longtemps à la métaphysique et à la théologie. Comment cette émancipation s'est-elle effectuée en des temps où une croyance instituée dictait sa loi théologico-politique aux efforts de la connaissance en leur imposant a priori la limite (...)
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  36.  7
    Art and enchantment: how wonder works.Patrick Curry - 2023 - Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
    This book considers the experience of enchantment in art. Considering the essential characteristics, dynamics and conditions of the experience of enchantment in relation to art, including liminality, it offers studies of different kinds of artistic experience and activity, including painting, music, fiction and poetry, before exploring the possibility of a life oriented to enchantment as the activity of art itself. With attention to the complex relationship between wonder in art and the programmatic disenchantment to which it is often subject, the (...)
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  37. The significance of Nichtigkeit in Schopenhauer's account of the sublime.Patrick Hassan - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian mind. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
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  38.  7
    Esse est Percipi.Patrick Lin - 2022 - In Lee C. McIntyre, Nancy Arden McHugh & Ian Olasov (eds.), A companion to public philosophy. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 409–418.
    In its widest sense, public relations is about productively communicating with a broader audience, either directly or indirectly, such as through journalist interviews. Academic writing can be abstruse and lengthy, while media coverage can translate those difficult ideas into ordinary language in a more digestible form. Media articles are much easier to share; even as more paywalls are erected on media sites, they're still typically far cheaper than accessing academic journal articles, if not costless. Some initial groundwork is needed for (...)
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  39.  9
    Religion, truth, and language-games.Patrick Sherry - 1977 - London: Macmillan.
  40. Either shudder or laugh' : Kierkegaard on Schopenhauer.Patrick Stokes - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian mind. New York, NY: Routledge.
  41.  53
    Exploitation of a crisp relation in a ranking problem.Philippe Vincke - 1992 - Theory and Decision 32 (3):221-240.
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  42.  10
    Localités distribuées, globalités localisées.Dominique Vinck, Alexandre Camus, Florian Jaton & Pierre-Nicolas Oberhauser - 2018 - Symposium 22 (1):41-60.
    S’appuyant sur trois enquêtes de terrain qui portent sur le façonnage d’êtres numériques, le présent article traite des relectures méthodologiques que l’on peut faire de trois contributions de Latour à l’enquête ethnographique. 1. Il montre que l’accent mis sur les séquences d’action permet d’engager une enquête systématique qui rend compte de trajectoires. 2. Il avance que le concept d’actant sensibilise à l’éventail des entités agissantes qui infléchissent ces trajectoires, de même qu’au peuplement de situations apparemment inoccupées. 3. Il soutient que (...)
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  43.  6
    Les transformations des sciences en régime numérique.Dominique Vinck - 2010 - Hermès: La Revue Cognition, communication, politique 57 (2):35.
    Pour comprendre ce qui se joue avec la numérisation des productions scientifiques, leur mise en circulation et leur accès, le présent article opère un bref détour par l’histoire des pratiques des chercheurs en termes d’échange de données et de publications. Il se penche ensuite sur les pratiques contemporaines d’acquisition et d’actualisation des connaissances, lesquelles passent aujourd’hui par des réseaux d’ordinateurs, ainsi que par une vaste gamme d’outils de calcul et de visualisation, de réseaux de capteurs, de bases de données, de (...)
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  44.  6
    Les transformations des sciences en régime numérique.Dominique Vinck - 2010 - Hermes 57:35.
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  45. Sociobiology and ethics.Dominique Vinck - 1984 - Epistemologia 7 (1):75-94.
  46. Perfectionist public reason liberalism : why public reason liberalism should be reconcilable with political perfectionism.Patrick Zoll - 2024 - In James Dominic Rooney & Patrick Zoll (eds.), Beyond Classical Liberalism: Freedom and the Good. New York, NY: Routledge Chapman & Hall.
     
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  47.  5
    Totalität und Dialektik: Johann Gottlieb Fichtes späte Wissenschaftslehre, oder, Die lebendige Existenz des Absoluten als sich selbst bildendes Bild.Patrick Tschirner - 2017 - Berlin: Duncker Und Humblot.
  48.  1
    Commencer: variations sur l'idée de commencement.Patrick Vauday - 2018 - Lormont: Le Bord de l'eau.
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  49. Vague perception.Patrick McKee - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies:1-23.
    I argue that some perceptual experiences are vague. To do so, I identify a characteristic feature of vagueness and show that some perceptual experiences have this feature. These include blurry experiences, experiences of color under low lighting, and experiences of number, as in the case of the speckled hen. The conclusion that these experiences are vague has two noteworthy consequences. First, it presses us to see whether and how existing theories of vagueness can be extended to perceptual experience. Second, it (...)
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  50.  49
    The Basis for Being a Subject of Rights: the Natural Law Position.Patrick Lee - 2013 - In John Keown & Robert P. George (eds.), Reason, morality, and law: the philosophy of John Finnis. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 236.
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