Results for 'Patrick R. Parsons'

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  1.  56
    R. Budd Dwyer: A Case Study in Newsroom Decision Making.Patrick R. Parsons & William E. Smith - 1988 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 3 (1):84 – 94.
    In late January of 1987, the State Treasurer of Pennsylvania, R. Budd Dwyer, shot himself to death in front of a dozen reporters and camera crews during a news conference in his office. Much was subsequently made in the popular press, and within the profession, about the difficult ethical decision television journalists were faced with in determining how much of the very graphic suicide tape to air. A review of the literature in this area suggests, however, that journalists have established (...)
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  2.  85
    Kant's Empirical Psychology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Throughout his life, Kant was concerned with questions about empirical psychology. He aimed to develop an empirical account of human beings, and his lectures and writings on the topic are recognizable today as properly 'psychological' treatments of human thought and behavior. In this book Patrick R. Frierson uses close analysis of relevant texts, including unpublished lectures and notes, to study Kant's account. He shows in detail how Kant explains human action, choice, and thought in empirical terms, and how a (...)
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  3.  50
    Freedom and Anthropology in Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Patrick R. Frierson - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book offers a comprehensive account of Kant's theory of freedom and his moral anthropology. The point of departure is the apparent conflict between three claims to which Kant is committed: that human beings are transcendentally free, that moral anthropology studies the empirical influences on human beings, and that more anthropology is morally relevant. Frierson shows why this conflict is only apparent. He draws on Kant's transcendental idealism and his theory of the will and describes how empirical influences can affect (...)
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  4. Freedom and Anthropology in Kant’s Moral Philosophy.Patrick R. Frierson & Jens Timmermann - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):516-519.
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  5.  29
    What is the Human Being?Patrick R. Frierson - 2013 - Routledge.
    Philosophers, anthropologists and biologists have long puzzled over the question of human nature. It is also a question that Kant thought about deeply and returned to in many of his writings. In this lucid and wide-ranging introduction to Kant’s philosophy of human nature - which is essential for understanding his thought as a whole - Patrick R. Frierson assesses Kant’s theories and examines his critics. He begins by explaining how Kant articulates three ways of addressing the question ‘what is (...)
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  6.  5
    Discipline and the Cultivation of Autonomy in Immanuel Kant and Maria Montessori.Patrick R. Frierson - 2022 - Wiley: Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6).
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, Volume 55, Issue 6, Page 1097-1111, December 2021.
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  7.  11
    Constructing Authorities: Reason, Politics, and Interpretation in Kant’s Philosophy, Written by Onora O’Neill.Patrick R. Frierson - 2019 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 16 (4):509-512.
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  8.  20
    Philosophy, Science and Method: Essays in Honor of Ernest Nagel. [REVIEW]H. K. R. - 1970 - Review of Metaphysics 23 (4):755-755.
    The essays collected in this volume to honor Ernest Nagel reflect his wide interest in all topics relating philosophy to the natural and social sciences. The essays, written by distinguished philosophers and scientists form a mixed bag, but most of them are very good. The first part, "Science and Inquiry" begins with notes taken by Patrick Suppes of Nagel's lectures on Dewey's logic delivered in 1947. It follows with essays on knowledge by Stuart Hampshire, on intensions and the law (...)
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  9.  16
    The Biopolitics of Passing and the Possibility of Radically Inclusive Transgender Health Care.Patrick R. Grzanka, Elliott DeVore, Kirsten A. Gonzalez, Lex Pulice-Farrow & David Tierney - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (12):17-19.
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  10.  32
    My Bioethics Will Be Intersectional or It Will Be [Bleep].Patrick R. Grzanka, Jenny Dyck Brian & Janet K. Shim - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (4):27-29.
  11.  93
    Rational Responsibility and the Assertoric Character of Bald-Faced Lies.Patrick R. Leland - 2015 - Analysis 75 (4):550-554.
    According to a traditional view, one lies if and only if one asserts what one believes is false and with the intent to deceive one’s audience. Recently, many theorists have challenged the requirement of intent to deceive. The principal reason offered appeals to so-called bald-faced lies wherein one asserts what one believes is false without intent to deceive. I argue that, assuming a reasonable model of assertion, two of the most prominent examples of bald-faced lies fail to be genuinely assertoric. (...)
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  12.  1
    Group Problem Solving.Patrick R. Laughlin - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of scientific researchers, auditors, financial analysts, air crash investigators, and forensic art experts are increasingly important in our complex and interdependent society. This comprehensive textbook--the first of its kind in decades--presents important theories and experimental research about group problem solving. The book focuses on tasks that have demonstrably correct solutions within mathematical, logical, scientific, or verbal (...)
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  13.  28
    Kant and the Primacy of Judgment Before the First Critique.Patrick R. Leland - 2019 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 57 (2):281-312.
    Some claim Kant’s commitment to the explanatory priority of judgments over concepts is one of his most important contributions to the philosophy of mind. There is, however, extensive disagreement over the nature and extent of this commitment. Existing interpretations ignore a substantial body of textual evidence and offer no account of the origins of Kant’s view. This paper corrects for these deficiencies. I explain, first, the relevant accounts of concept possession Kant encountered in the writings of his predecessors; and, second, (...)
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  14.  17
    Kant, Organisms, and Representation.Patrick R. Leland - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 79:101223.
    Some interpreters claim Kant distinguishes between organisms and living things. I argue that this claim is underdetermined by the textual evidence. Once this is recognized, it becomes a real possibility that Kant’s various remarks about the essential properties of living things generalize to organisms as such. This, in turn, generates a puzzle. Kant repeatedly claims that the capacity for representation is essential to the nature of a living thing. If he does not distinguish between living things and organisms, then how (...)
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  15. Kant on Consciousness in Animals.Patrick R. Leland - 2018 - Studi Kantiani 31:75-107.
    There is a consensus among interpreters that Kant denies non-human animals possess discursive abilities but that he ascribes to them conscious representations in some more primitive sense. I argue this latter interpretive claim is not justified by the textual evidence. There is in Kant’s early published writings and unpublished remarks extensive evidence that he denies animals possess conscious representations. I examine this material in detail. I explain the competing view of Georg Friedrich Meier (1718-1777), at which some of Kant’s early (...)
     
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  16.  22
    The Naked Self: Kierkegaard and Personal Identity by Patrick Stokes.Patrick R. Frierson - 2016 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 54 (4):685-686.
    The Naked Self is a great book. It is good Kierkegaard scholarship and an excellent model of bringing history of philosophy to bear on contemporary metaphysics. After a stage-setting introduction, the book has eight main chapters and a conclusion including questions and answers from an imagined interlocutor. Stokes takes the reader from how “Kierkegaard’s phenomenology of self-experience may… be a useful resource for neo-Lockean metaphysics” to a sustained defense that “Kierkegaard himself is playing a different, and altogether more interesting, game”.Stokes’s (...)
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  17.  83
    Making Room for Children's Autonomy: Maria Montessori's Case for Seeing Children's Incapacity for Autonomy as an External Failing.Patrick R. Frierson - 2016 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 50 (3):332-350.
    This article draws on Martha Nussbaum's distinction between basic, internal, and external capacities to better specify possible locations for children's ‘incapacity’ for autonomy. I then examine Maria Montessori's work on what she calls ‘normalization’, which involves a release of children's capacities for autonomy and self-governance made possible by being provided with the right kind of environment. Using Montessori, I argue that, in contrast to many ordinary and philosophical assumptions, children's incapacities for autonomy are best understood as consequences of an absence (...)
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  18.  21
    Psychotherapy Participants Show Increased Physiological Responsiveness to a Lab Stressor Relative to Matched Controls.Patrick R. Steffen, Louise Fidalgo, Dominic Schmuck, Yoko Tsui & Tracy Brown - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  19.  81
    Adam Smith and the Possibility of Sympathy with Nature.Patrick R. Frierson - 2006 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 87 (4):442–480.
    As J. Baird Callicott has argued, Adam Smith's moral theory is a philosophical ancestor of recent work in environmental ethics. However, Smith's "all important emotion of sympathy" (Callicott, 2001, p. 209) seems incapable of extension to entities that lack emotions with which one can sympathize. Drawing on the distinctive account of sympathy developed in Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments, as well as his account of anthropomorphizing nature in "History of Astronomy and Physics," I show that sympathy with non-sentient nature is (...)
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  20.  71
    A Theory of Health Science and the Healing Arts Based on the Philosophy of Bernard Lonergan.Patrick R. Daly - 2009 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 30 (2):147-160.
    This paper represents a preliminary investigation relating Bernard Lonergan’s thought to health science and the healing arts. First, I provide background for basic elements of Lonergan’s theoretical terminology that I employ. As inquiry is the engine of Lonergan’s method, next I specify two questions that underlie medical insights and define several terms, including health, disease, and illness, in relation to these questions. Then I expand the frame of reference to include all disciplines involved in the cycle of clinical interaction under (...)
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  21.  72
    Maria Montessori's Epistemology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (4):767-791.
    This paper lays out the epistemology of Maria Montessori . I start with what I call Montessori's ‘interested empiricism’, her empiricist emphasis on the foundational role of the senses combined with her insistence that all cognition is infused with ‘interest’. I then discuss the unconscious. Partly because of her emphasis on early childhood, Montessori puts great emphasis on unconscious cognitive processes and develops a conceptual vocabulary to make sense of the continuity between conscious and unconscious processes. The final sections turn (...)
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  22.  19
    Unconscious Representations in Kant’s Early Writings.Patrick R. Leland - 2018 - Kantian Review 23 (2):257-284.
    There is an emerging consensus among interpreters that in his Critical writings Kant ascribes unconscious representations to the mind. The nature and extent of this ascription over the course of Kant’s philosophical development is however not well understood. I argue that from his earliest published writings Kant consistently ascribes unconscious representations to the mind; that some of these representations are unconscious in the strong sense that they are not available to introspection; and that Kant extends his commitment to unconscious representations (...)
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  23.  7
    Wolff, Baumgarten, and the Technical Idiom of Post-Leibnizian Philosophy of Mind.Patrick R. Leland - 2018 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 21 (1):129-148.
    Philosophers after Leibniz used a technical idiom to classify and explain the nature of mental content. Substantive philosophical claims were formulated in terms of this vocabulary, including claims about the nature of mental representations, concepts, unconscious mental content, and consciousness. Despite its importance, the origin and development of this vocabulary is insufficiently well understood. More specifically, interpreters have failed to recognize the existence of two distinct and influential versions of the post-Leibnizian idiom. These competing formulations used the same technical terms (...)
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  24.  58
    The Virtue Epistemology of Maria Montessori.Patrick R. Frierson - 2016 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 94 (1):79-98.
    This paper shows how Maria Montessori's thought can enrich contemporary virtue epistemology. After a short overview of her ‘interested empiricist’ epistemological framework, I discuss four representative intellectual virtues: sensory acuity, physical dexterity, intellectual love, and intellectual humility. Throughout, I show how Montessori bridges the divide between reliabilist and responsibilist approaches to the virtues and how her particular treatments of virtues offer distinctive and compelling alternatives to contemporary accounts. For instance, she emphasizes how sensory acuity is a virtue for which one (...)
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  25.  15
    Focusing Strategy for Eight Concept Rules.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (4):661.
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  26.  76
    Maria Montessori’s Philosophy of Experimental Psychology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2015 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 5 (2):240-268.
    Through philosophical analysis of Montessori’s critiques of psychology, I aim to show the enduring relevance of those critiques. Maria Montessori sees experimental psychology as fundamental to philosophy and pedagogy, but she objects to the experimental psychology of her day in four ways: as disconnected from practice, as myopic, as based excessively on methods from physical sciences, and—most fundamentally—as offering detailed examinations of human beings (particularly children) under abnormal conditions. In place of these prevailing norms, Montessori suggests a model of the (...)
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  27.  11
    School Counselors’ General Self-Efficacy, Ethical and Legal Self-Efficacy, and Ethical and Legal Knowledge.Patrick R. Mullen, Glenn W. Lambie, Catherine Griffith & Renee Sherrell - 2016 - Ethics and Behavior 26 (5):415-430.
    School counselors encounter ethical and legal situations that necessitate the knowledge and confidence to apply decision-making skills. We report the findings from a correlational investigation that examines practicing school counselors’ ethical and legal self-efficacy, ethical and legal knowledge, and general self-efficacy. Higher ethical and legal self-efficacy was associated with higher general self-efficacy and ethical and legal knowledge. The implications of these findings are discussed.
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  28.  11
    Discipline and the Cultivation of Autonomy in Immanuel Kant and Maria Montessori.Patrick R. Frierson - 2021 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 55 (6):1097-1111.
    Journal of Philosophy of Education, EarlyView.
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  29.  13
    Selection Strategies in Conjunctive, Disjunctive, and Biconditional Concept Attainment.Patrick R. Laughlin & Richard M. Jordan - 1967 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):188.
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  30.  24
    Review: Patrick R. Frierson, Freedom and Anthropology in Kant’s Moral Philosophy. [REVIEW]Ariela Tubert - 2009 - Ethics 119 (4):768-773.
  31.  6
    Integrating Breathing Techniques Into Psychotherapy to Improve HRV: Which Approach Is Best?Patrick R. Steffen, Derek Bartlett, Rachel Marie Channell, Katelyn Jackman, Mikel Cressman, John Bills & Meredith Pescatello - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    IntroductionApproaches to improve heart rate variability and reduce stress such as breathing retraining are more frequently being integrated into psychotherapy but little research on their effectiveness has been done to date. Specifically, no studies to date have directly compared using a breathing pacer at 6 breaths per minute with compassion focused soothing rhythm breathing.Current StudyIn this randomized controlled experiment, 6 breaths per minute breathing using a pacer was compared with compassion focused soothing rhythm breathing, with a nature video being used (...)
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  32.  65
    Providence and Divine Mercy in Kant’s Ethical Cosmopolitanism.Patrick R. Frierson - 2007 - Faith and Philosophy 24 (2):144-164.
    For Kant, cosmopolitan ethical community is a necessary response to humans’ radical evil. To be cosmopolitan, this community must not depend on particular historical religions. But Kant’s defense of ethical community uses Christian concepts such as providence and divine mercy. This paper explores two ways—one more liberal and the other more religious—to relate the theological commitments underlying ethical cosmopolitanism with the non-dogmatic nature of Kantian religion.
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  33.  39
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by Laura Papish.Patrick R. Frierson - 2019 - Mind 128 (512):1344-1355.
    Kant on Evil, Self-Deception, and Moral Reform, by PapishLaura. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, 2018. Pp. xvii + 257.
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  34.  9
    Self-Enhancement Diminished.Patrick R. Heck & Joachim I. Krueger - 2015 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 144 (5):1003-1020.
  35.  1
    Book Review: Principles of Lutheran Theology. [REVIEW]Patrick R. Keifert - 1985 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 39 (2):212-214.
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  36. Wolff, Baumgarten, and the Technical Idiom of Post-Leibnizian Philosophy of Mind.Patrick R. Leland - 2018 - Logical Analysis and the History of Philosophy 21:129-48.
    Philosophers after Leibniz used a technical idiom to classify and explain the nature of mental content. Substantive philosophical claims were formulated in terms of this vocabulary, including claims about the nature of mental representations, concepts, unconscious mental content, and consciousness. Despite its importance, the origin and development of this vocabulary is insufficiently well understood. More specifically, interpreters have failed to recognize the existence of two distinct and influential versions of the post-Leibnizian idiom. These competing formulations used the same technical terms (...)
     
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  37.  16
    Concept Attainment as a Function of Information Specification and Concept Complexity.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 90 (2):334-343.
  38.  25
    Concept Identification as a Function of Sensory Modality, Information, and Number of Persons.Patrick R. Laughlin, Christine A. Kalowski, Mary E. Metzler, Kathleen M. Ostap & Saulene M. Venclovas - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):335.
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  39.  88
    Pugin and Ruskin.Patrick R. M. Conner - 1978 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 41:344-350.
  40.  25
    Symbolic Representation in Kant’s Practical Philosophy. [REVIEW]Patrick R. Frierson - 2006 - Faith and Philosophy 23 (2):232-238.
  41.  19
    Weltschmerz: Pessimism in German Philosophy, 1860–1900 by Frederick C. Beiser.Patrick R. Frierson - 2018 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 56 (1):180-181.
    Frederick Beiser continues to unfold the German philosophical tradition, refusing to let a static and narrowly construed canon of "big names" obscure important philosophical debates in eighteenth- and nineteenth-century Germany. Weltschmerz focuses on the pessimism controversy, the debate over "the thesis that life is not worth living, that nothingness is better than being, or that it is worse to be than not be".The most important philosopher in the book is Arthur Schopenhauer. Chapters 1–4 are devoted to Schopenhauer's legacy, metaphysics, pessimism, (...)
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  42.  16
    Concept Attainment as a Function of Motivation and Task Complexity.Patrick R. Laughlin, Richard E. Chenoweth, Barbara B. Farrell & Joseph E. McGrath - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):54.
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  43.  14
    Selection Strategies in Concept Attainment as a Function of Number of Relevant Problem Attributes.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1966 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):773.
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  44.  16
    Towards a Research Program in Kantian Positive Psychology.Patrick R. Frierson - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 71:89-98.
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  45.  13
    Information Specification in the Attainment of Conditional Concepts.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):370.
  46.  13
    Conditional Concept Attainment as a Function of If Factor Complexity and Then Factor Complexity.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (2):212.
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  47.  13
    Focusing Strategy in Concept Attainment as a Function of Instructions and Task Complexity.Patrick R. Laughlin - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (2):320.
  48.  6
    Patrick R. Frierson Freedom and Anthropology in Kants Moral Philosophy. . Pp. X+210. 40.00 . ISBN 0 521 82400 1.Peter Byrne - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (2):247-248.
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  49.  47
    The Impact of a Brief Mindfulness Meditation Intervention on Cognitive Control and Error-Related Performance Monitoring.Michael J. Larson, Patrick R. Steffen & Mark Primosch - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  50.  16
    Theodor W. Adorno, Can One Live After Auschwitz? A Philosophical Reader, Trans. Rodney Livingstone and Others, Ed. Rolf Tiedmann (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003). Julian Baggini, Making Sense (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003). [REVIEW]Patrick R. Frierson - 2003 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 24 (2).
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