20 found
Order:
  1.  83
    Schopenhauerian virtue ethics.Patrick Hassan - 2022 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 65 (4):381-413.
    ABSTRACT The aim of this paper is to elucidate Schopenhauer’s moral philosophy in terms of an ethics of virtue. This paper consists of four sections. In the first section I outline three major objections Schopenhauer raises for Kant’s moral philosophy. In section two I extract from these criticisms a framework for Schopenhauer’s own position, identifying how his moral psychology underpins a unified and hierarchical conception of virtue and vice. I then ascertain some strengths of this view. In section three I (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   7 citations  
  2. Organic Unity and the Heroic: Nietzsche's Aestheticization of Suffering.Patrick Hassan - 2022 - In Daniel Came (ed.), Nietzsche on Morality and the Affirmation of Life.
    This paper focuses on Nietzsche’s claim that suffering is closely related to the realization of certain perfectionist values, such as artistic excellence. According to Bernard Reginster, creative achievement consists in overcoming suffering, and therefore, suffering is an essential ingredient of creative achievement. Because suffering forms an essential part of a valuable whole in this way, Reginster argues that we must in turn value suffering ‘for its own sake’. This paper argues that Reginster’s position is open to the following objection: from (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3. James Sully's Psychological Reduction of Philosophical Pessimism.Patrick Hassan - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-24.
    One of the greatest philosophical disputes in Germany in the latter half of the 19th century concerned the value of life. Following Arthur Schopenhauer, numerous philosophers sought to defend the provocative view that life is not worth living. A persistent objection to pessimism is that it is not really a philosophical theory at all, but rather a psychological state; a mood or disposition which is the product of socio-economic circumstance. A developed and influential version of this view was advanced in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  4. Moral Disagreement and Arational Convergence.Patrick Hassan - 2019 - The Journal of Ethics 23 (2):145-161.
    Smith has argued that moral realism need not be threatened by apparent moral disagreement. One reason he gives is that moral debate has tended to elicit convergence in moral views. From here, he argues inductively that current disagreements will likely be resolved on the condition that each party is rational and fully informed. The best explanation for this phenomenon, Smith argues, is that there are mind-independent moral facts that humans are capable of knowing. In this paper, I seek to challenge (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  5. Virtue and the Problem of Egoism in Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophy.Patrick Hassan - 2021 - In Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophy. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
    It has previously been argued that Schopenhauer is a distinctive type of virtue ethicist (Hassan, 2019). The Aristotelian version of virtue ethics has traditionally been accused of being fundamentally egoistic insofar as the possession of virtues is beneficial to the possessor, and serve as the ultimate justification for obtaining them. Indeed, Schopenhauer himself makes a version of this complaint. In this chapter, I investigate whether Schopenhauer’s moral framework nevertheless suffers from this same objection of egoism in light of how he (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  6. Nietzsche on Human Greatness.Patrick Hassan - 2016 - Journal of Value Inquiry:1-18.
    In this paper, I take it to be uncontroversial that increasingly into his philosophical career, Nietzsche believed human greatness to be an appropriately valuable goal, at least for certain types of people. But while Nietzsche's repeated paradigms of greatness include figures as seemingly diverse as Beethoven, Goethe, Shakespeare, Cesare Borgia, Julius Caesar, it is unclear precisely what great-making property (or properties) Nietzsche considers these figures to share. I consider two possible approaches which have shaped the terrain of the secondary literature (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   4 citations  
  7. The significance of Nichtigkeit in Schopenhauer’s account of the sublime.Patrick Hassan - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian mind. New York, NY: Routledge.
  8.  25
    Does Rarity Confer Value? Nietzsche on the Exceptional Individual.Patrick Hassan - 2017 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 48 (2):261-285.
    One feature of the individuals Nietzsche considers paradigms of greatness is that they are, in some capacity, rare —an exception to the majority.1 It would be difficult to overstate the frequency of this association in the texts. From as early as UM, Nietzsche repeatedly contrasts the “rarest and most valuable exemplars” with the pejorative “herd [Heerde]”, the “common [gemein]”, the “mediocre [mittelmässig]”, and the “rabble [Pöbel]”.2 This contrast becomes more explicit in Nietzsche’s mature period, where, for example, he writes plainly (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  9.  66
    Striving as Suffering: Schopenhauer’s A Priori Argument for Pessimism.Patrick Hassan - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (4):1487-1505.
    This paper aims to clarify Schopenhauer’s a priori argument for pessimism and, to an extent, rescue it from standard objections in secondary literature. I argue that if we separate out the various strands of Schopenhauer’s pessimism, we hit upon problems and counterexamples stemming from psychology. For example, instances where striving does not appear to equate to suffering, which puts pressure on the Schopenhauerian claim that human life, qua instantiation of the will, is painful. Schopenhauer’s sensitivity to the complexities of human (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  10.  85
    Suicide in Contemporary Western Philosophy I: the 19th century.Patrick Hassan - forthcoming - In Michael Cholbi & Paolo Stellino (eds.), Oxford Handbook of the Philosophy of Suicide. Oxford University Press.
    This chapter explores some of the major developments in the philosophical understanding of suicide in 19th Century Western thought. Two developments in particular are considered. The first is a widespread shift towards thinking about suicide in medical terms rather than moral terms. Deploying methods initiated by a number of French and German thinkers in the preceding century who worked at the then emerging interface between the social and biological sciences, a number of 19th century thinkers ejected what they took to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  11.  46
    Individual vs. World in Schopenhauer's Pessimism.Patrick Hassan - 2021 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 59 (2):122-152.
    This article aims to elucidate and explore the significance of a distinction in Schopenhauer's pessimism which has not yet received detailed attention in the secondary literature. Schopenhauer is well known to have argued for the thesis that the fundamental feature of sentient life is pervasive suffering, and on these grounds held that individual lives are not worth living. However, he similarly claims with frequency that the nonexistence of the world “as a whole” is preferable to its existence. This is a (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  12.  71
    Nietzsche on Human Greatness.Patrick Hassan - 2017 - Journal of Value Inquiry 51 (2):293-310.
  13. Nietzsche's Genealogical Critique of Morality & the Historical Zarathustra.Patrick Hassan - 2020 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 7.
    The first essay of Nietzsche’s On the Genealogy of Morals seeks to uncover the roots of Judeo-Christian morality, and to expose it as born from a resentful and feeble peasant class intent on taking revenge upon their aristocratic oppressors. There is a broad consensus in the secondary literature that the ‘slave revolt’ which gives birth to this morality occurs in the 1st century AD, and is propogated by the inhabitants of Roman occupied Judea. Nietzsche himself strongly suggests such a view. (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  14. Nietzschean Moral Error Theory.Patrick Hassan - 2021 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 38 (4):375-396.
    Nietzsche has sometimes been interpreted as endorsing an error theory about moral judgements. A host of passages provide prima facie reason for such an interpretation. However, the extent of the appropriateness of this interpretation is a matter of dispute. The parameters of his alleged error theory are unclear. This paper reconsiders the evidence for the view that Nietzsche is a moral error theorist and makes the case that Nietzsche defends a local theory about a particular form of “morality,” but that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  15.  41
    Inherit the Wasteland: Ecofascism & Environmental Collapse.Patrick Hassan - 2021 - Ethics and the Environment 26 (2):51-71.
    Abstract:Ecological Holism—and 'radical environmentalism' more broadly—has often attracted the charge of embodying 'ecofascism.' The reason is that holism allegedly implies that it would sometimes be morally permissible—and perhaps even morally required—for fundamental individual human interests to be trumped by the interests of the ecological whole. This paper is an attempt to clarify what 'ecofascism' precisely is, and which form of it is invoked to make this objection plausible. From here, the paper goes on to argue that given the extent of (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  16.  10
    Nietzsche's Struggle Against Pessimism.Patrick Hassan - 2023 - New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press.
    On what grounds could life be made worth living given its abundant suffering? Friedrich Nietzsche was one among many who attempted to answer this question. This book attempts to disentangle Nietzsche's various critiques of pessimism, elucidating how familiar Nietzschean themes ought to be assessed against this philosophical backdrop.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  17.  30
    Schopenhauer's Moral Philosophy.Patrick Hassan (ed.) - 2021 - Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.
    Develops new perspectives on Schopenhauer's moral philosophy, addressing the moral status of animals; the moral permissibility of suicide; the possibility of altruistic action; the virtue and asceticism; and how Schopenhauer integrates Western and Indian traditions..
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  18. The significance of Nichtigkeit in Schopenhauer's account of the sublime.Patrick Hassan - 2023 - In David Bather Woods & Timothy Stoll (eds.), The Schopenhauerian mind. New York, NY: Routledge.
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark  
  19. Gwen Bradford, Achievement. [REVIEW]Patrick Hassan - 2015 - Social Theory and Practice 41 (4):759-764.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   2 citations  
  20.  36
    Reconstructing Schopenhauer's ethics: Hope, compassion, and animal welfare, By Sandra Shapshay. New York: Oxford University Press, 2019, Hbk., £47.99, ISBN 978‐0‐19‐090680‐1. [REVIEW]Patrick Hassan - 2019 - European Journal of Philosophy 27 (3):805-808.
    European Journal of Philosophy, EarlyView.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    Bookmark   1 citation