Results for 'Patrick Carpenter'

984 found
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  1.  13
    Art and ideas: an approach to art appreciation.Patrick Carpenter - 1971 - London,: Mills & Boon. Edited by William Graham.
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  2.  32
    Perception as a Hermeneutical Act.Patrick A. Heelan - 1983 - Review of Metaphysics 37 (1):61 - 75.
    IN A recent work I have attempted to show that visual space tends to have a Euclidean geometrical structure only when the environment is filled with a repetitive pattern of regularly faceted objects carpentered to exhibit simple standard Euclidean shapes, and tends to have a hyperbolic structure when vision is deprived of these clues. I conclude that visual perception--and by analogy, all perception--is hermeneutic as well as causal: it responds to structures in the flow of optical energy, but the character (...)
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  3.  46
    Platonism and Forms of Intelligence.Marie-Élise Zovko & John Dillon (eds.) - 2008 - Akademie Verlag.
    The volume contains a collection of papers presented at the International Symposium, which took place in Hvar, Croatia, in 2006. In recent years there has been an upsurge of interest in the study of Plato, Platonism and Neoplatonism. Taking the position that it is of vital importance to establish an ongoing dialogue among scientists, artists, academics, theologians and philosophers concerning pressing issues of common interest to humankind, this collection of papers endeavours to bridge the gap between contemporary research in Platonist (...)
  4.  70
    Does academic dishonesty relate to unethical behavior in professional practice? An exploratory study.Donald D. Carpenter, Trevor S. Harding, Cynthia J. Finelli & Honor J. Passow - 2004 - Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (2):311-324.
    Previous research indicates that students in engineering self-report cheating in college at higher rates than those in most other disciplines. Prior work also suggests that participation in one deviant behavior is a reasonable predictor of future deviant behavior. This combination of factors leads to a situation where engineering students who frequently participate in academic dishonesty are more likely to make unethical decisions in professional practice. To investigate this scenario, we propose the hypotheses that (1) there are similarities in the decision-making (...)
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  5.  23
    Fixing bodies and shaping narratives: Epistemic injustice and the responses of medicine and bioethics to intersex human rights demands.Morgan Carpenter - 2024 - Clinical Ethics 19 (1):3-17.
    Children with innate variations of sex characteristics (also termed differences of sex development or intersex traits) are routinely subjected to medical interventions that aim to make their bodies appear or function more typically female or male. Many such interventions lack clear evidence of benefit, they have been challenged for thirty years, and they are now understood to violate children’s rights to bodily autonomy and bodily integrity. In this paper I argue that these persist in part due to epistemic injustices and (...)
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  6.  32
    What one intelligence test measures: A theoretical account of the processing in the Raven Progressive Matrices Test.Patricia A. Carpenter, Marcel A. Just & Peter Shell - 1990 - Psychological Review 97 (3):404-431.
  7. Just How Joint Is Joint Action in Infancy?Malinda Carpenter - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (2):380-392.
    Joint action is central to countless aspects of human life. Here I examine the roots of joint action in infancy. First, I provide evidence that—contrary to popular belief—1‐year‐old infants do have the social‐cognitive prerequisites needed to participate in joint action, even in a relatively strict sense: they can read others’ goals and intentions, they have some basic understanding of common knowledge, and they have the ability and motivation to help others achieve their goals. Then I review some evidence of infants’ (...)
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  8. Unethical and Fraudulent Financial Reporting: Applying the Theory of Planned Behavior.Tina D. Carpenter & Jane L. Reimers - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (2):115-129.
    This research applies the theory of planned behavior to corporate managers’ decision making as it relates to fraudulent financial reporting. Specifically, we conducted two studies to examine the effects of attitude, subjective norm and perceived control on managers’ decisions to violate generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in order to meet an earnings target and receive an annual bonus. The results suggest that the theory of planned behavior predicts whether managers’ decisions are ethical or unethical. These findings are relevant to corporate (...)
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  9.  29
    Sentence comprehension: A psycholinguistic processing model of verification.Patricia A. Carpenter & Marcel A. Just - 1975 - Psychological Review 82 (1):45-73.
  10. Embodied Intelligent Souls: Plants in Plato’s Timaeus.Amber D. Carpenter - 2010 - Phronesis 55 (4):281-303.
    In the Timaeus , plants are granted soul, and specifically the sort of soul capable of perception and desire. Also in the Timaeus , perception requires the involvement of to phronimon . It seems it must follow that plants are intelligent. I argue that we can neither avoid granting plants sensation in just this sense, nor can we suppose that ` to phronimon ' is something devoid of intelligence. Indeed, plants must be related to intelligence, if they are to be (...)
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  11.  13
    Ideas and Ethical Formation: Confessions of a Buddhist-Platonist.Amber Carpenter - 2023 - In Christian Coseru (ed.), Reasons and Empty Persons: Mind, Metaphysics, and Morality: Essays in Honor of Mark Siderits. Springer. pp. 387-415.
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  12.  60
    Embodied Intelligent Souls: Plants in Plato’s Timaeus.Amber D. Carpenter - 2010 - Phronesis 55 (4):281-303.
    In the Timaeus, plants are granted soul, and specifically the sort of soul capable of perception and desire. Also in the Timaeus, perception requires the involvement of to phronimon. It seems it must follow that plants are intelligent. I argue that we can neither avoid granting plants sensation in just this sense, nor can we suppose that `to phronimon' is something devoid of intelligence. Indeed, plants must be related to intelligence, if they are to be both orderly and good. Plants (...)
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  13.  18
    Endosex.Morgan Carpenter, Katharine B. Dalke & Brian D. Earp - 2023 - Journal of Medical Ethics 49 (3):225-226.
    Endosex, in contrast to intersex, refers to innate physical sex characteristics judged to fall within the broad range of what is considered normative or typical for ‘binary’ female or male bodies by the medical field, or to persons with such characteristics1 (p. 437). In this short contribution, we explain the origins and increasing use of this little-known term and discuss its practical and ethical relevance to medicine as well as to scholarship from a range of disciplines concerned with individuals’ sexed (...)
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  14.  52
    Gender and the Meaning and Experience of Virginity Loss in the Contemporary United States.Laura M. Carpenter - 2002 - Gender and Society 16 (3):345-365.
    This article draws on in-depth case studies of 61 women and men of diverse sexual identities to show how gender, while apparently diminishing in significance, continues to shape interpretations and experiences of virginity loss in complex ways. Although women and men tended to assign different meanings to virginity, those who shared an interpretation reported similar virginity-loss encounters. Each interpretation of virginity—as a gift, stigma, or process—featured unequal roles for virgin and partner, which interacted with gender differences in power to produce (...)
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  15.  44
    Embodying Intelligence: Animals and Us in Plato’s Timaeus.Amber Carpenter - 2008 - In Marie-Élise Zovko & John Dillon (eds.), Platonism and Forms of Intelligence. Akademie Verlag. pp. 39-58.
  16.  38
    Ethics of atomism – Democritus, Vasubandhu, and the skepticism that wasn’t.Amber D. Carpenter - forthcoming - British Journal for the History of Philosophy:1-25.
    Democritus’ atomism aims to respond to threats of Parmenidean monism. In so doing, it deploys a familiar epistemological distinction between what is known by the senses and what is known by the mind. This turns out to be a risky strategy, however, leading to inadvertent skepticism with only diffuse and contrary ethical implications. Vasubandhu’s more explicitly metaphysical atomism, by contrast, relies on a different principle to get to its results, and aims to address different concerns. It leaves us with a (...)
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  17.  30
    Children's Sense of Self in Relation to Clinical Processes: Portraits of Pharmaceutical Transformation.Elizabeth Carpenter-Song - 2009 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 37 (3):257-281.
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  18.  18
    Caster Semenya’s life and achievements are cause for celebration, respect and inclusion; her exclusion is consequential.Morgan Carpenter - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (9):593-594.
    In his paper, Loland1 offers conditional support for 2019 World Athletics ‘differences of sex development’ regulations,2 upheld that year by the Court of Arbitration for Sport 3 in the case of Caster Semenya. He states this is conditional due to the ‘systemic and psycho-somatic’ impact of hormonal treatment. Loland also calls for ‘further analysis of the nature of athlete classification’ and identifies some welcome options for reducing the significance of sex classifications in sport. While Loland identifies ‘essentialist and reductionist definitions (...)
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  19.  16
    Ethical arguments against coercing provider participation in MAiD (medical assistance in dying) in Ontario, Canada.Travis Carpenter & Lucas Vivas - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-5.
    It has historically been a crime in Canada to provide assistance to someone in ending their own life, however, this paradigm was inverted in 2015 when the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that restrictions on this practice, within certain defined parameters, violated the right to life, liberty, and security of the person. Subsequently, recent legal and policy decisions have highlighted the issue of how to balance the rights of individuals to access MAiD with the rights of care providers to exercise (...)
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  20.  7
    Learning vocabulary and grammar from cross-situational statistics.Patrick Rebuschat, Padraic Monaghan & Christine Schoetensack - 2021 - Cognition 206 (C):104475.
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  21.  36
    Language and Music as Cognitive Systems.Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins & Ian Cross (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    The past 15 years have witnessed an increasing interest in the comparative study of language and music as cognitive systems. This book presents an interdisciplinary study of language and music, exploring the following core areas - structural comparisons, evolution, learning and processing, and neuroscience.
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  22.  52
    Ranking Knowledge in the Philebus.Amber D. Carpenter - 2015 - Phronesis 60 (2):180-205.
  23.  16
    Group Problem Solving.Patrick R. Laughlin - 2011 - Princeton University Press.
    Experimental research by social and cognitive psychologists has established that cooperative groups solve a wide range of problems better than individuals. Cooperative problem solving groups of scientific researchers, auditors, financial analysts, air crash investigators, and forensic art experts are increasingly important in our complex and interdependent society. This comprehensive textbook--the first of its kind in decades--presents important theories and experimental research about group problem solving. The book focuses on tasks that have demonstrably correct solutions within mathematical, logical, scientific, or verbal (...)
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  24. Spatial Perception and the Sense of Touch.Patrick Haggard, Tony Cheng, Brianna Beck & Francesca Fardo - 2017 - In Frederique De Vignemont & Adrian J. T. Alsmith (eds.), The Subject's Matter: Self-Consciousness and the Body. Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press. pp. 97-114.
    It remains controversial whether touch is a truly spatial sense or not. Many philosophers suggest that, if touch is indeed spatial, it is only through its alliances with exploratory movement, and with proprioception. Here we develop the notion that a minimal yet important form of spatial perception may occur in purely passive touch. We do this by showing that the array of tactile receptive fields in the skin, and appropriately relayed to the cortex, may contain the same basic informational building (...)
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  25.  6
    Exploitative Labor, Victimized Families, and the Promise of the Sabbath.Angela Carpenter - 2018 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 38 (1):77-94.
    Families and children are hidden victims of labor exploitation in the US economy across the economic spectrum. The Sabbath commandment, however, provides a theological basis for resisting this structural evil. In Karl Barth’s discussion of the commandment, Sabbath rest not only limits the scope of economic activity in human life but also sets the stage for reflection on the meaning and purpose of work. As a recurring reminder that human life is a gift to be lived in joyful fellowship with (...)
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  26. Hedonistic persons. The good man argument in Plato's philebus.Amber Danielle Carpenter - 2006 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 14 (1):5 – 26.
    It seems an odd claim that knowing could be itself of intrinsic worth. Knowledge appears heavily, perhaps entirely reliant for its worth on the value of the objects known and the value of the ends...
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  27.  15
    Heidegger in ruins: between philosophy and ideology.Benjamin Carpenter - forthcoming - Contemporary Political Theory:1-3.
  28.  26
    The Care Dialog: the “ethics of care” approach and its importance for clinical ethics consultation.Patrick Schuchter & Andreas Heller - 2018 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 21 (1):51-62.
    Ethics consultation in institutions of the healthcare system has been given a standard form based on three pillars: education, the development of guidelines and concrete ethics consultation in case conferences. The spread of ethics committees, which perform these tasks on an organizational level, is a remarkable historic achievement. At the same time it cannot be denied that modern ethics consultation neglects relevant aspects of care ethics approaches. In our essay we present an “ethics of care” approach as well as an (...)
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  29.  16
    Gene conversion, recombination nodules, and the initiation of meiotic synapsis.Adelaide T. C. Carpenter - 1987 - Bioessays 6 (5):232-236.
    The nature of the relationship between the two types of meiotic recombination outcomes, exchange (crossing‐over) and simple gene conversion, has been debated for years. I here propose that these two types of events are not necessarily causally related and hypothesize that the primary role of events detected as simple gene conversion is in the recognition of homology during synapsis.
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  30.  76
    The Tribal Terror of Self-Awareness.Edmund Carpenter - 1995 - In Paul Hockings (ed.), Principles of Visual Anthropology. De Gruyter. pp. 481-492.
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  31.  13
    FDA Transparency in an Inescapably Political World.Daniel Carpenter - 2017 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 45 (s2):29-32.
    Transparency requires more than disclosure of data. It requires a mechanism and policy for conveying information to the public. In order for the aims of the excellent report of the FDA Transparency Working Group to be realized, a publicity initiative will need to accompany the plan of action. The FDA will need to actively convey information about the evidence concerning benefit-risk profiles of drugs, sometimes pointing out misleading claims by manufacturers or sponsors. In other cases, the FDA will need to (...)
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  32.  56
    From Pluralism to Consensus in Beginning-of-Life Debates: Does Contemporary Natural Law Theory Offer a Way Forward?Patrick Tully - 2016 - Christian Bioethics 22 (2):143-168.
  33.  30
    Attention-based visual routines: sprites.Patrick Cavanagh, Angela T. Labianca & Ian M. Thornton - 2001 - Cognition 80 (1-2):47-60.
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  34. Greek Sculpture. A Critical Review.Rhys Carpenter - 1962 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 20 (3):331-331.
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  35.  47
    Enfolding violence, unfolding hope: Emerging clouds of possibility for women in Roman catholicism.Colleen Mary Carpenter - 2016 - Zygon 51 (3):797-808.
    In an effort to think through possible impossibilities, and enfold current problems within Catholicism into the luminous darkness of the cloud of the im/possible, this response to Catherine Keller's Cloud of the Impossible considers what might happen should Keller's cloud of mindful unknowing and nonseparable difference billow over and through one particular Catholic conundrum: how to respond to the terrifying reality of domestic violence in the context of a marriage defined as indissoluble, imperishable—inescapable.
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  36.  46
    Inductive reasoning about causally transmitted properties.Patrick Shafto, Charles Kemp, Elizabeth Baraff Bonawitz, John D. Coley & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2008 - Cognition 109 (2):175-192.
  37.  12
    Circumcision Stories: Enhancing our Understanding of Parental Perspectives in a Context of Controversy.Laura M. Carpenter - 2023 - Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 13 (2):101-106.
    This commentary examines twelve stories in which parents recount how they (and often their co-parent) decided whether or not to circumcise their newborn sons. Several debated whether this should be their decision to make. The stories offer an intimate glimpse into people's efforts to do the best for children in a context of incomplete and changing information and intense public controversy. The commentary explores the diverse meanings and contradictory commonsense beliefs that surround foreskin removal in the United States today. Considering (...)
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  38.  9
    The Local Scripts of Archaic Greece: A Study of the Origin of the Greek Alphabet and Its Development from the Eighth to the Fifth Centuries B. C.Rhys Carpenter & L. H. Jeffery - 1963 - American Journal of Philology 84 (1):76.
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  39.  22
    A probabilistic model of cross-categorization.Patrick Shafto, Charles Kemp, Vikash Mansinghka & Joshua B. Tenenbaum - 2011 - Cognition 120 (1):1-25.
  40.  8
    Correction to: Ideals and Ethical Formation: Confessions of a Buddhist-Platonist.Amber Carpenter - 2023 - In Christian Coseru (ed.), Reasons and Empty Persons: Mind, Metaphysics, and Morality: Essays in Honor of Mark Siderits. Springer.
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  41.  88
    Labyrinth of Continua.Patrick Reeder - 2018 - Philosophia Mathematica 26 (1):1-39.
    This is a survey of the concept of continuity. Efforts to explicate continuity have produced a plurality of philosophical conceptions of continuity that have provably distinct expressions within contemporary mathematics. I claim that there is a divide between the conceptions that treat the whole continuum as prior to its parts, and those conceptions that treat the parts of the continuum as prior to the whole. Along this divide, a tension emerges between those conceptions that favor philosophical idealizations of continuity and (...)
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  42.  77
    The Doctrine of Double Effect and the Question of Constraints on Business Decisions.Patrick A. Tully - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):51-63.
    . How does the doctrine of double effect apply to business decisions to sell products which may be harmful to consumers? Lawrence Masek believes that some authors have misapplied the doctrine to this type of decision and, as a consequence, have committed themselves to placing unwarranted constraints on businesses. Seeking to correct this mistake, Masek presents his account of how the doctrine applies here, an account which is rather permissive but which, he claims, nevertheless preserves the virtues of the doctrine. (...)
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  43.  8
    The Right to Refusal of Unwanted End-of-Life Interventions for Pregnant Persons: Additional Challenges to Reproductive Rights Post-Roe.Hannah Carpenter & Bryanna Moore - 2024 - American Journal of Bioethics 24 (2):61-63.
    In their article, ‘The Two Front War on Reproductive Rights,’ Minkoff, Vullikanti, and Marshall (2024) highlight the challenges faced by pregnant persons following the overturn of Roe v. Wade (Dobb...
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  44.  53
    Space, time and geometry.Patrick Suppes - 1973 - Boston,: Reidel.
    Griinbaum's own article sets forth his views on the ontology of the curvature of empty space, especially in the geometrodynamics of Clifford and Wheeler. ...
  45.  34
    Beliefs, intentions, and evolution: Old versus new psychological game theory.Jeffrey P. Carpenter & Peter Hans Matthews - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):158-159.
    We compare Colman's proposed “psychological game theory” with the existing literature on psychological games (Geanakoplos et al. 1989), in which beliefs and intentions assume a prominent role. We also discuss experimental evidence on intentions, with a particular emphasis on reciprocal behavior, as well as recent efforts to show that such behavior is consistent with social evolution.
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  46.  17
    Benjamin Vaughan's contributions unveiled: a bibliography.Kenneth E. Carpenter - 2018 - History of European Ideas 44 (3):297-343.
    ABSTRACTBenjamin Vaughan had a passion for anonymity. This is the first attempt to provide a full list of his many and significant contributions to intellectual life and letters in the last quarter of the eighteenth century. No attempt has been made to unveil Vaughan’s scientific writings, and only two of his productions after emigrating to the United States are here included, in both cases because they relate to his earlier writings. After coming to the United States, Vaughan renounced further involvement (...)
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  47.  47
    Combining distributed and localist computations in real-time neural networks.Gail A. Carpenter - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):473-474.
    In order to benefit from the advantages of localist coding, neural models that feature winner-take-all representations at the top level of a network hierarchy must still solve the computational problems inherent in distributed representations at the lower levels.
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  48.  9
    Christian Experience and the Conversion of Reason in the Philosophy of Pierre Thevenaz.Peter Carpenter - 1969 - Philosophy Today 13 (3):225-230.
    Pierre Thévenaz was Swiss. At the time of his death he was Professor of Philosophy at the University of Lausanne. Earlier he had taught philosophyat the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale in Zurich, and at the University of Neuchâtel. A large part of his writings are contained in L'Homme et Sa Raison , De Husserl à Merleau-Ponty , La Condition de ia Raison Philosophique . A collection of his articles has been translated into English by James Edie and published under the title. (...)
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  49.  11
    Dislocation damping of explosively shocked polycrystalline copper.S. H. Carpenter - 1968 - Philosophical Magazine 17 (148):855-857.
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  50.  20
    Diagnosing rather than labeling young people with mental disorders; a Response to Mittal et al.William Carpenter - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (9):683-683.
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