Results for 'Pascal Giraux'

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  1.  87
    The mental representation of parity and number magnitude.Stanislas Dehaene, Serge Bossini & Pascal Giraux - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (3):371.
  2.  52
    Pensées.Blaise Pascal - 2007 - In Aloysius Martinich, Fritz Allhoff & Anand Vaidya (eds.), Early Modern Philosophy: Essential Readings with Commentary. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. pp. 111-112.
    "I know of no religious writer more pertinent to our time."—T. S. Eliot, Introduction to Pensees Intended to prove that religion is not contrary to reason, Pascal's Pensees rank among the liveliest and most eloquent defenses of Christianity. Motivated by the seventeenth-century view of the supremacy of human reason, Pascal (1623–1662) had intended to write an ambitious apologia for Christianity in which he argued the inability of reason to address metaphysical problems. His untimely death prevented the work's completion, (...)
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  3.  13
    Va savoir: de la connaissance en général.Pascal Engel - 2007 - Paris: Hermann.
    Le sceptique nous demande " Comment sais-tu que tu as deux mains? Peut-être rêves-tu, ou es-tu trompé par quelque Malin Génie? Peut-on même définir ce que c'est que la connaissance? Va savoir! " Lui rétorquer, comme le faisaient G.E. Moore et la tradition de la philosophie du sens commun : " Mais je sais bien que j'ai deux mains! " semble à la fois une pétition de principe et une bien mauvaise réponse. Le mieux, depuis que nous avons perdu le (...)
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  4.  93
    Why ritualized behavior? Precaution systems and action parsing in developmental, pathological and cultural rituals.Pascal Boyer & Pierre Liénard - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):595-613.
    Ritualized behavior, intuitively recognizable by its stereotypy, rigidity, repetition, and apparent lack of rational motivation, is found in a variety of life conditions, customs, and everyday practices: in cultural rituals, whether religious or non-religious; in many children's complicated routines; in the pathology of obsessive-compulsive disorders (OCD); in normal adults around certain stages of the life-cycle, birthing in particular. Combining evidence from evolutionary anthropology, neuropsychology and neuroimaging, we propose an explanation of ritualized behavior in terms of an evolved Precaution System geared (...)
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  5. Evolutionary Perspectives on Religion.Pascal Boyer - unknown
    Recent work in biology, cognitive psychology, and archaeology has renewed evolutionary perspectives on the role of natural selection in the emergence and recurrent forms of religious thought and behavior, i.e., mental representations of supernatural agents, as well as artifacts, ritual practices, moral systems, ethnic markers, and specific experiences associated with these representations. One perspective, inspired from behavioral ecology, attempts to measure the fitness effects of religious practices. Another set of models, representative of evolutionary psychology, explain religious thought and behavior as (...)
     
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  6.  14
    Reactivity to Sustainability Metrics: A Configurational Study of Motivation and Capacity.Rieneke Slager, Jean-Pascal Gond & Donal Crilly - 2021 - Business Ethics Quarterly 31 (2):275-307.
    Previous research on reactivity—defined as changing organizational behaviour to better conform to the criteria of measurement in response to being measured—has found significant variation in company responses toward sustainability metrics. We propose that reactivity is driven by dialogue, motivation, and capacity in a configurational way. Empirically, we use fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis to analyze company responses to the sustainability index FTSE4Good. We find evidence of complementary and substitute effects between motivation and capacity. Based on these effects, we develop a (...)
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  7. Epistemic responsibility without epistemic agency.Pascal Engel - 2009 - Philosophical Explorations 12 (2):205 – 219.
    This article discusses the arguments against associating epistemic responsibility with the ordinary notion of agency. I examine the various 'Kantian' views which lead to a distinctive conception of epistemic agency and epistemic responsibility. I try to explain why we can be held responsible for our beliefs in the sense of obeying norms which regulate them without being epistemic agents.
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  8.  27
    Truth.Pascal Engel - 2002 - Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Engel argues that, although the minimalist conception of truth is basically right, it does not follow that truth can be eliminated from our philosophical thinking, as is claimed by some radical deflationists. In particular, he shows that some deflationist views have a definitively relativist and "postmodernist" ring and should be rejected. Even if a metaphysically substantive theory of truth has little chance to succeed, he argues, truth plays a central role as a norm or guiding value of our rational inquiries (...)
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  9.  25
    Warm-hearted businessmen, competitive housewives? Effects of gender-fair language on adolescents’ perceptions of occupations.Dries Vervecken, Pascal M. Gygax, Ute Gabriel, Matthias Guillod & Bettina Hannover - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  10.  29
    Polygenic risk scoring of human embryos: a qualitative study of media coverage.Olga Tšuiko, Pascal Borry, Maria Siermann & Tiny Pagnaer - 2021 - BMC Medical Ethics 22 (1):1-8.
    BackgroundCurrent preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) technologies enable embryo genotyping across the whole genome. This has led to the development of polygenic risk scoring of human embryos (PGT-P). Recent implementation of PGT-P, including screening for intelligence, has been extensively covered by media reports, raising major controversy. Considering the increasing demand for assisted reproduction, we evaluated how information about PGT-P is communicated in press media and explored the diversity of ethical themes present in the public debate.MethodsLexisNexis Academic database and Google News were (...)
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  11. Thoughts.Blaise Pascal - 1961 - Garden City, N.Y.,: Garden City, N.Y., Doubleday.
     
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  12.  17
    Orchestrating Governmental Corporate Social Responsibility Interventions through Financial Markets: The Case of French Socially Responsible Investment.Stéphanie Giamporcaro, Jean-Pascal Gond & Niamh O’Sullivan - 2020 - Business Ethics Quarterly 30 (3):288-334.
    ABSTRACTAlthough a growing stream of research investigates the role of government in corporate social responsibility, little is known about how governmental CSR interventions interact in financial markets. This article addresses this gap through a longitudinal study of the socially responsible investment market in France. Building on the “CSR and government” and “regulative capitalism” literatures, we identify three modes of governmental CSR intervention—regulatory steering, delegated rowing, and microsteering—and show how they interact through the two mechanisms of layering and catalyzing. Our findings: (...)
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  13.  7
    Pensées.Blaise Pascal - 1944 - Mineola, New York: Dover Publications. Edited by W. F. Trotter & T. S. Eliot.
    "I know of no religious writer more pertinent to our time." — T. S. Eliot, Introduction to Pensées "Men despise religion. They hate it and are afraid it may be true," declared Pascal in his Pensées. "The cure for this," he explained, "is first to show that religion is not contrary to reason, but worthy of reverence and respect. Next make it attractive, make good men wish it were true, and then show that it is." Motivated by the 17th-century (...)
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  14.  30
    Attentional allocation to task-irrelevant fearful faces is not automatic: experimental evidence for the conditional hypothesis of emotional selection.Quentin Victeur, Pascal Huguet & Laetitia Silvert - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (2):288-301.
    A growing body of research indicates that attentional biases toward emotional stimuli are not automatic, but may depend on the relevance of emotion to the top-down search goals of the observer. To...
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  15.  27
    Commentary on Mossio and Taraborelli: Is the enactive approach really sensorimotor?Frédéric Pascal & J. Kevin O’Regan - 2008 - Consciousness and Cognition 17 (4):1341-1342.
  16.  23
    Prior knowledge on the illumination position.Pascal Mamassian & Ross Goutcher - 2001 - Cognition 81 (1):B1-B9.
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  17.  27
    Challenges of web-based personal genomic data sharing.Pascal Borry & Mahsa Shabani - 2015 - Life Sciences, Society and Policy 11 (1):1-13.
    In order to study the relationship between genes and diseases, the increasing availability and sharing of phenotypic and genotypic data have been promoted as an imperative within the scientific community. In parallel with data sharing practices by clinicians and researchers, recent initiatives have been observed in which individuals are sharing personal genomic data. The involvement of individuals in such initiatives is facilitated by the increased accessibility of personal genomic data, offered by private test providers along with availability of online networks. (...)
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  18.  93
    Precaution systems and ritualized behavior.Pascal Boyer & Pierre Liénard - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6):635-641.
    In reply to commentary on our target article, we supply further evidence and hypotheses in the description of ritualized behaviors in humans. Reactions to indirect fitness threats probably activate specialized precaution systems rather than a unified form of danger-avoidance or causal reasoning. Impairment of precaution systems may be present in pathologies other than obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), autism in particular. Ritualized behavior is attention-grabbing enough to be culturally transmitted whether or not it is associated with group identity, cohesion, or with any (...)
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  19.  8
    Constraint satisfaction using constraint logic programming.Pascal Van Hentenryck, Helmut Simonis & Mehmet Dincbas - 1992 - Artificial Intelligence 58 (1-3):113-159.
  20. Dummett, Achilles and the tortoise.Pascal Engel - unknown
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  21. The provincial letters.Blaise Pascal - unknown
     
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  22. Dual Careers of Athletes During COVID-19 Lockdown.Pascal Izzicupo, Angela Di Baldassarre, Ilvis Abelkalns, Ugis Bisenieks, Antonio Sánchez-Pato, Francisco José Cánovas-Alvarez, Mojca Doupona, António J. Figueiredo, Juan Alfonso García-Roca, Barbara Ghinassi, Alejandro Leiva-Arcas, Lourdes Meroño, Anda Paegle, Liliana-Elisabeta Radu, Cristian-Mihail Rus, Oana-Mihaela Rusu, Hugo Sarmento, Janis Stonis, Raquel Vaquero-Cristóbal, Vasco Vaz & Laura Capranica - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    This study aimed to investigate the student-athletes' capability to face the academic, sport, and social challenges during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) lockdown and to disclose novel aspects of dual careers. A 32-item online survey encompassing demographic characteristics, sport and university engagement, support and dual-career benefits, physical activity, sitting time, and the time deemed necessary to recover the previous level of performance was developed. Four hundred sixty-seven student-athletes (males: 57%, females: 43%) from 11 countries, competing in 49 different sports (individual: (...)
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  23.  36
    La vérité peut-elle survivre à la démocratie?Pascal Engel - 2012 - Revue Agone 44:31-56.
    L’une des raisons pour lesquelles la vérité et la démocratie ne semblent pas faire bon ménage est qu’on a tendance à confondre, d’une part, la liberté d’opinion et de parole avec l’égale vérité des opinions, ce qui revient à adopter une forme de relativisme, et, d’autre part, la règle de majorité avec une règle de vérité, ce qui revient à adopter une forme de théorie de la vérité comme consensus. Parce que la démocratie libérale repose sur le principe de la (...)
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  24. The Irony of Chance: On Aristotle’s Physics B, 4-6.Pascal Massie - 2003 - International Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):15-28.
    The diversity of interpretations of Aristotle’s treatment of chance and luck springs from an apparent contradiction between the claims that “chance events are for the sake of something” and that “chance events are not for the sake of their outcome.” Chance seems to entail the denial of an end. Yet Aristotle systematically refers it to what is for the sake of an end. This paper suggests that, in order to give an account of chance, a reference to “per accidens causes” (...)
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  25. Logic, Reasoning and the Logical Constants.Pascal Engel - 2006 - Croatian Journal of Philosophy 6 (2):219-235.
    What is the relationship between logic and reasoning? How do logical norms guide inferential performance? This paper agrees with Gilbert Harman and most of the psychologists that logic is not directly relevant to reasoning. It argues, however, that the mental model theory of logical reasoning allows us to harmonise the basic principles of deductive reasoning and inferential perfomances, and that there is a strong connexion between our inferential norms and actual reasoning, along the lines of Peacocke’s conception of inferential role.
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  26.  5
    A gentle introduction to Numerica.Pascal Van Hentenryck - 1998 - Artificial Intelligence 103 (1-2):209-235.
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  27.  18
    Peut-il y avoir des raisons d’état?Pascal Engel - 2019 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 2:65.
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  28.  20
    Normes éthiques et normes cognitives.Pascal Engel & Kevin Mulligan - 2003 - Cités 3 (13):171.
    Il arrive souvent, quand on discute de questions portant sur la théorie de la connaissance, que l’on utilise des concepts qui ont une consonance éthique. On se demande ce qui distingue une bonne hypothèse d’une mauvaise, ou si nous devrions croire ceci ou cela sur la base des données..
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  29.  33
    Persistent biases in the amino acid composition of prokaryotic proteins.Géraldine Pascal, Claudine Médigue & Antoine Danchin - 2006 - Bioessays 28 (7):726-738.
    Correspondence analysis of 28 proteomes selected to span the entire realm of prokaryotes revealed universal biases in the proteins’ amino acid distribution. Integral Inner Membrane Proteins always form an individual cluster, which can then be used to predict protein localisation in unknown proteomes, independently of the organism’s biotope or kingdom. Orphan proteins are consistently rich in aromatic residues. Another bias is also ubiquitous: the amino acid composition is driven by the GþC content of the first codon position. An unexpected bias (...)
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  30.  5
    Davidson and Contemporary Philosophy.Pascal Engel - 2013 - In Ernie Lepore & Kurt Ludwig (eds.), Blackwell Companion to Donald Davidson. Blackwell. pp. 588–604.
    This chapter evaluates Davidson's influence on contemporary philosophy. Although a number of his views on meaning, truth, interpretation, action, and mind have often been rejected within contemporary philosophy, most of most his central themes and basic concepts are still with us and have had a lasting influence. The heritage of Davidson's philosophy lies in the capacity of contemporary philosophers to modify his views and to expand them in new directions.
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  31.  23
    The origin and emergence of empirical ethics.Pascal Borry, Paul Schotsmans & Kris Dierickx - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven (ed.), Empirical ethics in psychiatry. New York: Oxford University Press. pp. 37--50.
  32. The origin and emergence of empirical ethics.Pascal Borry, Paul Schotsmans & Dierickx & Kris - 2008 - In Guy Widdershoven (ed.), Empirical ethics in psychiatry. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  33.  24
    Projecting WEIRD features on ancient religions.Pascal Boyer & Nicolas Baumard - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  34. Penseés.Blaise Pascal - 1965 - New York,: Pantheon Books. Edited by H. F. Stewart.
     
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  35.  27
    Legitimating Social Rating Organisations.Céline Louche, Jean-Pascal Gond & Marc Ventresca - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:148-153.
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the legitimacy-building processes of Social Rating Organizations (SRO) and the role of objects in these processes. SROs have played a key role in the development of SRI in Europe by providing social and environmental rating to financial investors. However, little is known about the processes through which they have acquired their legitimacy, i.e. their ‘right-to-rate’ corporations. We provide here an in-depth empirical analysis of the legitimacy-building process of two European SROs and demonstrate (...)
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  36. Self-ascriptions of Belief and Transparency.Pascal Engel - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (4):593-610.
    Among recent theories of the nature of self-knowledge, the rationalistic view, according to which self-knowledge is not a cognitive achievement—perceptual or inferential—has been prominent. Upon this kind of view, however, self-knowledge becomes a bit of a mystery. Although the rationalistic conception is defended in this article, it is argued that it has to be supplemented by an account of the transparency of belief: the question whether to believe that P is settled when one asks oneself whether P.
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  37.  28
    Federalism and "cultural" identities. Some remarks on the naturalisation procedure in switzerland.Pascal Mahon Flora di Donato - 2009 - Ratio Juris 22 (2):281-294.
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  38.  4
    La philosophie de Simondon.Pascal Chabot - 2003 - Paris: Libr. philosophique J. Vrin.
    Etude sur la philosophie de la technique et la pensée de l'individuation chez Gilbert Simondon qui interroge les notions de progrès, d'aliénation et de mémoire et leur devenir lors des grands changements de l'histoire des techniques (tradition, révolution industrielle, cybernétique). Met également en lumière son rapport à la psychologie des profondeurs, au sacré et à la technoesthétique.
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  39.  27
    Back-and-forth systems for generic curves and a decision algorithm for the limit theory.Pascal Koiran & Natacha Portier - 2001 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 111 (3):257-275.
    It was recently shown that the theories of generic algebraic curves converge to a limit theory as their degrees go to infinity. In this paper we give quantitative versions of this result and other similar results. In particular, we show that generic curves of degree higher than 22r cannot be distinguished by a first-order formula of quantifier rank r. A decision algorithm for the limit theory then follows easily. We also show that in this theory all formulas are equivalent to (...)
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  40.  41
    Is There a Right Time to Know?: The Right Not to Know and Genetic Testing in Children.Pascal Borry, Mahsa Shabani & Heidi Carmen Howard - 2014 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 42 (1):19-27.
    The increasing implementation of next-generation sequencing technologies in the clinical context and the expanding commercial offer of genetic tests directly-toconsumers has increased the availability of previously inaccessible genetic information. A particular concern in both situations is how the volume of novel information will affect the processing of genetic and genomic information from minors. For minors, it is argued that in the provision of genetic testing, their “right not to know” should be respected as much as possible. Testing a minor early (...)
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  41.  19
    The Role of Pitch and Timbre in Voice Gender Categorization.Cyril R. Pernet & Pascal Belin - 2012 - Frontiers in Psychology 3.
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  42. Cognitive limits to conceptual relativity: the limitingcase of religious categories.Pascal Boyer - 1996 - In J. Gumperz & S. Levinson (eds.), Rethinking Linguistic Relativity. Cambridge University Press. pp. 203--231.
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  43. Analysis of heterogeneous networks: the ReseauLu project.Pascal Cottereau Alberto Cambrosio, Andrei Mogoutov Stefan Popowycz & Tania Vichnevskaia - 2010 - In Bernard Reber & Claire Brossaud (eds.), Digital cognitive technologies: epistemology and the knowledge economy. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
  44.  32
    Qu’est-ce que la Nécessité?Jean-Pascal Anfray - 2009 - Vrin.
    La necessite, bien qu'elle soit centrale en philosophie, est une notion particulierement difficile a elucider. Cet ouvrage tente d'en clarifier le contenu, en la distinguant notamment des notions voisines d'a priori et de l'analytique. Il presente egalement differentes approches reductionnistes de la necessite: le reductionnisme ontique (les theories des mondes possibles), le conventionnalisme ou encore le non-cognitivisme (la necessite provient des bornes de nos capacites cognitives). Le commentaire du texte de Descartes montre d'ailleurs que ces theses contemporaines apportent un eclairage (...)
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  45.  40
    The Unity of Composite Substance: The Scholastic Background to the Vinculum Substantiale in Leibniz’s Correspondence with Des Bosses.Jean-Pascal Anfray - 2020 - Vivarium 58 (3):219-252.
    This paper explores the scholastic context of the discussion about the unity of the composite or corporeal substance and the nature of the vinculum substantiale or substantial bond in Leibniz’s correspondence with Des Bosses. Three prominent scholastic views are examined: Duns Scotus’s antireductionist account of the composite substance as an entity irreducible to its essential parts ; Ockham’s parts-whole identity thesis, which entails a reductionist view of the composite substance; and Suárez’s explanation of the unity of composite substance through the (...)
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  46. I. categorical vs relational normativity.Pascal Engel - 2000 - Philosophical Studies 100:305-321.
     
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  47.  63
    In Front of My Hermitage.Pascal Quignard & Ann Jefferson - 2006 - Common Knowledge 12 (3):460-502.
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  48.  27
    Managing data for integrity: Policies and procedures for ensuring the accuracy and quality of the data in the laboratory.Chris B. Pascal - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):23-39.
    A course focusing on ethical issues in physics has been taught to undergraduate students at Eastern Michigan University since 1988. The course covers both responsible conduct of research and ethical issues associated with how physicists interact with the rest of society. Since most undergraduate physics majors will not have a career in academia, it is important that a course such as this address issues that will be relevant to physicists in a wide range of job situations. There is a wealth (...)
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  49.  2
    Religion und Wirtschaft bei Georg Simmel: über die Chancen und Grenzen ganzheitlicher Lebensführung.Pascal Berger - 2019 - Bielefeld: Transcript.
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  50.  18
    La représentation de l'indigène dans les affiches de propagande coloniale: Entre concept républicain, fiction phobique et discours racialisant.Pascal Blanchard - 2001 - Hermes 30:149.
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