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  1. Scientific Realism Made Effective.Porter Williams - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (1):209-237.
    I argue that a common philosophical approach to the interpretation of physical theories—particularly quantum field theories—has led philosophers astray. It has driven many to declare the quantum field theories employed by practicing physicists, so-called ‘effective field theories’, to be unfit for philosophical interpretation. In particular, such theories have been deemed unable to support a realist interpretation. I argue that these claims are mistaken: attending to the manner in which these theories are employed in physical practice, I show that interpreting effective (...)
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  2.  43
    Mahayana Buddhism: The Doctrinal Foundations.Paul Williams - 2008 - Routledge.
    Buddhism enthusiasts that the tathAgatagarbha sources were themselves aware of the criticism that they simply taught an Atman in the same way that non- Buddhists did, and they rejected this accusation and defended themselves against the ...
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  3.  56
    The Alchemy of Race and Rights: Diary of a Law Professor.Patricia J. Williams - 1991 - Harvard University Press.
  4. Naturalness, the autonomy of scales, and the 125GeV Higgs.Porter Williams - 2015 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 51:82-96.
    The recent discovery of the Higgs at 125 GeV by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at the LHC has put significant pressure on a principle which has guided much theorizing in high energy physics over the last 40 years, the principle of naturalness. In this paper, I provide an explication of the conceptual foundations and physical significance of the naturalness principle. I argue that the naturalness principle is well-grounded both empirically and in the theoretical structure of effective field theories, and (...)
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  5. De-centring the ‘big picture’: The Origins of Modern Science and the modern origins of science.Andrew Cunningham & Perry Williams - 1993 - British Journal for the History of Science 26 (4):407-432.
    Like it or not, a big picture of the history of science is something which we cannot avoid. Big pictures are, of course, thoroughly out of fashion at the moment; those committed to specialist research find them simplistic and insufficiently complex and nuanced, while postmodernists regard them as simply impossible. But however specialist we may be in our research, however scornful of the immaturity of grand narratives, it is not so easy to escape from dependence – acknowledged or not – (...)
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  6.  96
    Bayesian conditionalisation and the principle of minimum information.P. M. Williams - 1980 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 31 (2):131-144.
  7.  99
    Reinforcing ethical decision making through corporate culture.Al Y. S. Chen, Roby B. Sawyers & Paul F. Williams - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8):855-865.
    Behaving ethically depends on the ability to recognize that ethical issues exist, to see from an ethical point of view. This ability to see and respond ethically may be related more to attributes of corporate culture than to attributes of individual employees. Efforts to increase ethical standards and decrease pressure to behave unethically should therefore concentrate on the organization and its culture. The purpose of this paper is to discuss how total quality (TQ) techniques can facilitate the development of a (...)
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  8. Mahāyāna Buddhism: The Doctrinal Foundations.Paul Williams - 1990 - Religious Studies 26 (3):429-431.
     
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  9.  79
    Information Processing and Dynamics in Minimally Cognitive Agents.Randall D. Beer & Paul L. Williams - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (1):1-38.
    There has been considerable debate in the literature about the relative merits of information processing versus dynamical approaches to understanding cognitive processes. In this article, we explore the relationship between these two styles of explanation using a model agent evolved to solve a relational categorization task. Specifically, we separately analyze the operation of this agent using the mathematical tools of information theory and dynamical systems theory. Information-theoretic analysis reveals how task-relevant information flows through the system to be combined into a (...)
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  10.  78
    Altruism and reality: studies in the philosophy of the Bodhicaryavatara.Paul Williams - 1998 - Surrey: Curzon Press.
    This volume brings together Paul Williams's previously published papers on the Indian and Tibetan interpretations of selected verses from the eighth and ninth chapters of the Bodhicaryavatara. In addition, there is a much longer version of the paper 'Identifying the Object of Negation', and nearly half the book consists of a wholly new essay, 'The Absence of Self and the Removal of Pain', subtitled 'How Santideva Destroyed the Bodhisattva Path'. This book will be of interest to those concerned with the (...)
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  11.  27
    Why and how do journals retract articles? An analysis of Medline retractions 1988-2008.E. Wager & P. Williams - 2011 - Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):567-570.
    Background Journal editors are responsible for what they publish and therefore have a duty to correct the record if published work is found to be unreliable. One method for such correction is retraction of an article. Anecdotal evidence suggested a lack of consistency in journal policies and practices regarding retraction. In order to develop guidelines, we reviewed retractions in Medline to discover how and why articles were retracted. Methods We retrieved all available Medline retractions from 2005 to 2008 and a (...)
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  12.  47
    Exploring Why and How Journal Editors Retract Articles: Findings From a Qualitative Study.Peter Williams & Elizabeth Wager - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (1):1-11.
    Editors have a responsibility to retract seriously flawed articles from their journals. However, there appears to be little consistency in journals’ policies or procedures for this. In a qualitative study, we therefore interviewed editors of science journals using semi-structured interviews to investigate their experience of retracting articles. We identified potential barriers to retraction, difficulties in the process and also sources of support and encouragement. Our findings have been used as the basis for guidelines developed by the Committee on Publication Ethics.
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  13. Two Notions of Naturalness.Porter Williams - 2019 - Foundations of Physics 49 (9):1022-1050.
    My aim in this paper is twofold: to distinguish two notions of naturalness employed in beyond the standard model physics and to argue that recognizing this distinction has methodological consequences. One notion of naturalness is an “autonomy of scales” requirement: it prohibits sensitive dependence of an effective field theory’s low-energy observables on precise specification of the theory’s description of cutoff-scale physics. I will argue that considerations from the general structure of effective field theory provide justification for the role this notion (...)
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  14. On the abhidharma ontology.PaulM Williams - 1981 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 9 (3):227-257.
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  15. Renormalization Group Methods.Porter Williams - 2022 - In Eleanor Knox & Alastair Wilson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics. London, UK: Routledge.
    This is an introduction to renormalization group methods in quantum field theory aimed at philosophers of science. review path integral methods, the relationship between early renormalization theory and renormalization group methods, and conceptual shifts in thinking about quantum field theory spurred by the development of renormalization group methods.
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  16. The Laboratory Revolution in Medicine.Andrew Cunningham, Perry Williams & Bernardino Fantini - 1994 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
     
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  17.  82
    Some aspects of language and construction in the madhyamaka.Paul M. Williams - 1980 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 8 (1):1-45.
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  18.  77
    The Worldly Infrastructure of Causation.Naftali Weinberger, Porter Williams & James Woodward - forthcoming - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science.
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  19.  26
    Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader.Patrick Williams & Laura Chrisman (eds.) - 1994 - Columbia University Press.
    Equally suitable for undergraduates and specialists in the humanities, this collection provides an in-depth introduction to debates within post-colonial theory and criticism. The readings are drawn from a diverse selection of Third World and Western thinkers, both historical and contemporary. "Post-colonialism" is taken by the editors to include Third World and diasporic experience; like "colonialism," it is understood to contain a complex set of cultural, ethnographic, political, and economic processes and conflicts. This volume explores such issues as the nature of (...)
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  20. Conflicting Professional Values in Medical Education.Jack Coulehan & Peter C. Williams - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):7-20.
    Ten years ago there was little talk about adding “professionalism” to the medical curriculum. Educators seemed to believe that professionalism was like the studs of a building—the occupants assume them to be present, supporting and defining the space in which they live or work, but no one talks much about them. Similarly, educators assumed that professional values would just “happen,” as trainees spent years working with mentors and role models, as had presumably been the case in the past. To continue (...)
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  21.  45
    The fate of causal structure under time reversal.Porter Williams - 2022 - Theoria. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science 37 (1):87-102.
    What happens to the causal structure of a world when time is reversed? At first glance it seems there are two possible answers: the causal relations are reversed, or they are not. I argue that neither of these answers is correct: we should either deny that time-reversed worlds have causal relations at all, or deny that causal concepts developed in the actual world are reliable guides to the causal structure of time-reversed worlds. The first option is motivated by the instability (...)
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  22.  41
    Entanglement, Complexity, and Causal Asymmetry in Quantum Theories.Porter Williams - 2022 - Foundations of Physics 52 (2):1-38.
    It is often claimed that one cannot locate a notion of causation in fundamental physical theories. The reason most commonly given is that the dynamics of those theories do not support any distinction between the past and the future, and this vitiates any attempt to locate a notion of causal asymmetry—and thus of causation—in fundamental physical theories. I argue that this is incorrect: the ubiquitous generation of entanglement between quantum systems grounds a relevant asymmetry in the dynamical evolution of quantum (...)
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  23.  18
    Lessons from a master: Montaigne’s pedagogy of conversation.Kevin Williams & Patrick Williams - 2017 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 49 (3):253-263.
    There remains much to be learned from searching exploration of the great authors who have meditated on education. Montaigne is one such thinker and this essay endeavors to draw together the strands of his pedagogy and to demonstrate how they gain purchase in the business of teaching and learning. The article also proposes to supplement his vision with practical examples from fiction and autobiography. Perhaps the most striking theme is the need to be able to decentre from the comfort zone (...)
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  24.  70
    The Philosophy and Rhetoric of Auditor Independence Concepts.Sara Ann Reiter & Paul F. Williams - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (3):355-376.
    This paper analyzes the rhetoric surrounding the profession’s presentations of auditor independence. We trace the evolution of thecharacter of the auditor from Professional Man in the early years of the twentieth century to the more public and abstract figures of Judicial Man and Economic Man. The changing character of the auditor in the profession’s narratives of legitimation reflects changes in the role of auditing, in the economic environment, and in the values of American society. Economic man is a self-interested and (...)
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  25.  45
    On the conservative extensions of semantical systems: A contribution to the problem of analyticity.P. M. Williams - 1973 - Synthese 25 (3-4):398 - 416.
  26.  91
    Realism Without Rigidity?Porter Williams - 2021 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 103 (2):473-480.
    Contribution to a PPR book symposium on Mark Wilson's Physics Avoidance.
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  27.  47
    On the interpretation of madhyamaka thought.Paul Williams - 1991 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 19 (2):191-218.
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  28.  49
    A Middle Way: A Non-fundamental Approach to Many-Body Physics.Porter Williams - 2023 - Philosophical Review 132 (4):641-645.
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  29.  5
    Success in Spite of Failure: Why IRBs Falter in Reviewing Risks and Benefits.Peter C. Williams - 1984 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 6 (3):1.
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  30.  5
    Preface.Patricia Williams - 2006 - In Bernard Williams (ed.), Philosophy as a Humanistic Discipline. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
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  31.  40
    A note on some aspects of mi bskyod rdo rje's critique of dge lugs pa madhyamaka.Paul Williams - 1983 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 11 (2):125-145.
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  32.  8
    Seeing a Colour-blind Future: The Paradox of Race.Patricia J. Williams - 1997
    A collection of lectures which focussed on the small, constant aggressions of racism.
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  33.  62
    Confusion in cladism.Patricia A. Williams - 1992 - Synthese 91 (1-2):135 - 152.
    In Phylogenetic Systematics (1966), Willi Hennig conflates the Linnaean hierarchy with what Hennig refers to as the divisional hierarchy. In doing so, he lays the foundations of that school of biological taxonomy known as cladism on a philosophically ambiguous basis. This paper compares and contrasts the two hierarchies and demonstrates that Hennig conflates them. It shows that Hennig's followers also conflate them. Finally, it illuminates five persistent problems in cladism by suggesting that they arise from Hennig's original confusion.
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  34.  31
    The Best Lack All Conviction: Biomedical Ethics, Professionalism, and Social Responsibility.Jack Coulehan, Peter C. Williams, S. van Mccrary & Catherine Belling - 2003 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 12 (1):21-38.
    Robert Coles' sentiment characterizes well the moral tenor of medical education today. Indeed, medical educators are frequently “seized by spasms of genuine moral awareness,” as they try to cope with the massive social and economic problems that face medical schools and teaching hospitals. The perception among educators that we currently fail to adequately teach several core aspects of doctoring, including professional values and behavior, constitutes one such spasm. In this case, the proposed remedy has generated considerable enthusiasm, but whether the (...)
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  35.  23
    Diffraction evidence for the Kohn anomaly in 1T TaS2.P. M. Williams, G. S. Parry & C. B. Scrub - 1974 - Philosophical Magazine 29 (3):695-699.
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  36. Passing on the torch: Whewell's philosophy and the principles of English university education.Perry Williams - 1991 - In Menachem Fisch & Simon Schaffer (eds.), William Whewell: A Composite Portrait. Clarendon Press. pp. 117--47.
     
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  37.  32
    Synergistic Information Processing Encrypts Strategic Reasoning in Poker.Seth Frey, Dominic K. Albino & Paul L. Williams - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (5):1457-1476.
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  38.  73
    Can public GAP standards reduce agricultural pesticide use? The case of fruit and vegetable farming in northern Thailand.Pepijn Schreinemachers, Iven Schad, Prasnee Tipraqsa, Pakakrong M. Williams, Andreas Neef, Suthathip Riwthong, Walaya Sangchan & Christian Grovermann - 2012 - Agriculture and Human Values 29 (4):519-529.
    In response to the chronic overuse and misuse of pesticides in agriculture, governments in Southeast Asia have sought to improve food safety by introducing public standards of good agricultural practices (GAP). Using quantitative farm-level data from an intensive horticultural production system in northern Thailand, we test if fruit and vegetable producers who follow the public GAP standard use fewer and less hazardous pesticides than producers who do not adhere to the standard. The results show that this is not the case. (...)
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  39.  16
    Interpretative judgements and educational assessment.Patrick Aidan Williams - 2018 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 50 (14):1512-1513.
  40. A visible hand : contemporary lessons from Adam Smith.Paul S. Williams - 2011 - In Paul Oslington (ed.), Adam Smith as theologian. New York: Routledge.
     
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  41.  24
    Buddhadeva and temporality.Paul M. Williams - 1976 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 4 (3-4):279-294.
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  42.  24
    Some dimensions of the recent work of Raimundo Panikkar: A buddhist perspective1: Paul Williams.Paul Williams - 1991 - Religious Studies 27 (4):511-521.
    The Dalai Lama is fond of quoting a statement in which the Buddha is said to have asserted that no one should accept his word out of respect for the Buddha himself, but only after testing it, analysing it ‘ as a goldsmith analyses gold, through cutting, melting, scraping and rubbing it’. The Dalai Lama is often referred to as the temporal and spiritual leader of Tibet, but in truth as a spiritual figure His Holiness, while respected, indeed revered by (...)
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  43.  18
    Exploring Selective Exposure and Confirmation Bias as Processes Underlying Employee Work Happiness: An Intervention Study.Paige Williams, Margaret L. Kern & Lea Waters - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  44. Ethical issues in biology and medicine.Preston N. Williams (ed.) - 1973 - Cambridge, Mass.,: Schenkman Pub. Co.; distributed by General Learning Press [Morristown, N.J..
     
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  45.  49
    The role of charge density waves in structural transformations of 1T TaS2.C. B. Scruby, P. M. Williams & G. S. Parry - 1975 - Philosophical Magazine 31 (2):255-274.
  46.  5
    Can beings whose ethics evolved be ethical beings.Patricia A. Williams - 1993 - In Matthew Nitecki & Doris Nitecki (eds.), Evolutionary Ethics. Suny Press. pp. 233--239.
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  47.  31
    Certain classes of models for empirical systems.P. M. Williams - 1974 - Studia Logica 33 (1):73 - 90.
  48.  44
    Edward Said.Patrick Williams - 2004 - Theory, Culture and Society 21 (1):169-171.
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  49.  38
    Indian philosophy.Paul Williams - 1998 - In A. C. Grayling (ed.), Philosophy 2: Further Through the Subject. Oxford University Press.
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  50.  45
    Non-Conceptuality, Critical Reasoning and Religious Experience: Some Tibetan Buddhist Discussions.Paul Williams - 1992 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 32:189-210.
    The Dalai Lama is fond of quoting a verse attributed to the Buddha to the effect that as the wise examine carefully gold by burning, cutting and polishing it, so the Buddha's followers should embrace his words after examining them critically and not just out of respect for the Master. A role for critical thought has been accepted by all Buddhists, although during two and a half millennia of sophisticated doctrinal development the exact nature, role and range of critical thought (...)
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