Results for 'P. J. Gorre'

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P. J. Gorre
New School for Social Research
  1.  95
    Taking Utilitarianism Seriously: P. J. Kelly.P. J. Kelly - 1996 - Utilitas 8 (3):341-355.
    With a book as wide ranging and insightful as Barry's Justice as Impartiality, it is perhaps a little churlish to criticize it for paying insufficient attention to one's own particular interests. That said, in what follows I am going to do just that and claim that in an important sense Barry does not take utilitarianism seriously. Utilitarianism does receive some discussion in Barry's book, and in an important section which I will discuss he even appears to concede that utilitarianism provides (...)
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  2. Utilitarianism and Distributive Justice: The Civil Law and the Foundations of Bentham's Economic Thought*: P. J. Kelly.P. J. Kelly - 1989 - Utilitas 1 (1):62-81.
    Between 1787, and the end of his life in 1832, Bentham turned his attention to the development and application of economic ideas and principles within the general structure of his legislative project. For seventeen years this interest was manifested through a number of books and pamphlets, most of which remained in manuscript form, that develop a distinctive approach to economic questions. Although Bentham was influenced by Adam Smith's An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, he (...)
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  3. Hume, Malebranche and ‘Rationalism’: P. J. E. Kail.P. J. E. Kail - 2008 - Philosophy 83 (3):311-332.
    Traditionally Hume is seen as offering an ‘empiricist’ critique of ‘rationalism’. This view is often illustrated – or rejected – by comparing Hume's views with those of Descartes'. However the textual evidence shows that Hume's most sustained engagement with a canonical ‘rationalist’ is with Nicolas Malebranche. The author shows that the fundamental differences between the two on the self and causal power do indeed rest on a principled distinction between ‘rationalism’ and ‘empiricism’, and that there is some truth in the (...)
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  4.  48
    Is the Problem of Evil Misconceived?: P. J. McGRATH.P. J. McGrath - 1992 - Religious Studies 28 (1):61-64.
    Theism, according to David O'Connor, has in recent centuries been on trial for its life, the charge being that the existence of so much evil in the world is incompatible with belief in a benevolent creator. But this trial, he claims is incapable of producing a reasoned verdict.
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  5.  3
    Koinoonia, en gemeenschap van zaken bij de Grieken in den klassieken tijd. By P. J. T. Endenburg. Pp. xii + 218. Amersterdam: H. J. Paris, 1937. 3.50 fl. [REVIEW]M. Cary & P. J. T. Endenburg - 1939 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 59 (1):158-158.
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  6.  88
    More on Bentham on Utility and Rights: P. J. Kelly.P. J. Kelly - 1998 - Utilitas 10 (2):165-167.
    This paper examines Rosen's claim that Bentham's principle of utility was a distributive rather than an aggregative principle.
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  7.  50
    Does the Ontological Argument Beg the Question?: P. J. MCGRATH.P. J. McGrath - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (3):305-310.
    In his paper ‘Has the Ontological Argument Been Refuted?’, 97–110) William F. Vallicella argues that my attempt to show that the Ontological Argument begs the question is unsuccessful. 1 I believe he is wrong about this, but before endeavouring to vindicate my position I must first make clear what precisely is the point at issue between us. The Ontological Argument is not a single argument, but a family of arguments. Newly devised formulations of the argument are frequently put forward by (...)
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  8.  81
    Projection and Realism in Hume's Philosophy.P. J. E. Kail - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Religion and the external world -- Projection, religion, and the external world -- The senses, reason and the imagination -- Realism, meaning and justification : the external world and religious belief -- Modality, projection and realism -- 'Our profound ignorance' : causal realism, and the failure to detect necessity -- Spreading the mind : projection, necessity and realism -- Into the labyrinth : persons, modality, and Hume's undoing -- Value, projection, and realism -- Gilding : projection, value and secondary qualities (...)
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  9.  99
    A Commentary on the Aristotelian Athenaion Politeia.P. J. Rhodes - 1981 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first comprehensive commentary on the Athenaion Politeia since that of J.E. Sandys in 1912. The Introduction discusses the history of the text; the contents, purpose and sources of the work; its language and style; its date, and the evidence for revision after the completion of the original version; and the place of the work in the Aristotelian school. The Commentary concentrates on the historical and institutional facts which the work sets out to give, their sources and their (...)
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  10. Michael J. Gorr, From Coercion, Freedom, and Exploitation (1989).Freedom Coercion - 2007 - In Ian Carter, Matthew H. Kramer & Hillel Steiner (eds.), Freedom: A Philosophical Anthology. Blackwell. pp. 304.
     
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  11.  27
    Facts and Values. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (2):379-380.
    Subtitled "Studies in Ethical Analysis," this collection of eleven essays, most of which have previously appeared in journals, deals with a number of problems central to modern ethical theory: the emotive interpretation of ethical language, persuasive definitions and their role in ethical reasoning, the cognitive versus emotive conceptions of ethics: many of these problems were first raised and examined by Stevenson in his earlier book Ethics and Language. Other essays are of a less retrospective nature: studies on Moore and Dewey, (...)
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  12.  7
    Readings in Classical Chinese Philosophy.P. J. Ivanhoe, Bryan W. Van Norden & Bryan Van Norden (eds.) - 2001 - Hackett.
    This new edition offers expanded selections from the works of Kongzi, Mengzi, Zhuangzi, and Xunzi ; two new works, the dialogues _Robber Zhi_ and _White Horse_; a concise general introduction; brief introductions to, and selective bibliographies for, each work; and four appendices that shed light on important figures, periods, texts, and terms in Chinese thought.
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  13.  98
    Theories of Individuation: A Reconsideration of Bare Particulars.P. J. Moreland - 1998 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (3):251-263.
  14.  66
    Naturalism, Method and Genealogy in Beyond Selflessness.P. J. E. Kail - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (1):113-120.
    The full-text of this article is not currently available in ORA, but you may be able to access the article via the publisher copy link on this record page. Citation: Kail, P. J. E. . 'Naturalism, method and genealogy in Beyond Selflessness', European Journal of Philosophy, 17, 113-120. Copyright © 2009 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
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  15.  36
    Hume on Knowledge, by Harold Noonan. [REVIEW]P. J. E. Kail - 2001 - Mind 110 (440):1102-1105.
  16.  35
    The Ways of Paradox and Other Essays. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):158-159.
    This volume is published concurrently with the one reviewed below and together they unite a number of Quine's previously scattered papers into two compact volumes; this volume deals with his more philosophical work while the other is concerned with more purely technical logical studies. The twenty-one essays cover the period 1934-1964 and none have appeared between hard covers before. Several of the articles—"The ways of paradox," "Foundations of mathematics," "On the application of modern logic," and "Necessary truth"—are essentially popular expositions. (...)
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  17.  69
    Understanding Hume's Natural History of Religion.P. J. E. Kail - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (227):190–211.
    Hume's 'Natural History of Religion' offers a naturalized account of the causes of religious thought, an investigation into its 'origins' rather than its 'foundation in reason'. Hume thinks that if we consider only the causes of religious belief, we are provided with a reason to suspend the belief. I seek to explain why this is so, and what role the argument plays in Hume's wider campaign against the rational acceptability of religious belief. In particular, I argue that the work threatens (...)
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  18.  12
    The Basic Laws of Arithmetic: Exposition of the System. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):810-810.
    This book is a translation of some of the more important parts of the Grundgesetze of Frege: the introduction, the first part of the first volume which gives an exposition of the construction, rules, axioms of Frege's formal system, and two appendices, one of which is from the second volume and gives Frege's analysis of the paradox found by Russell in his system. The editor has provided a long introduction "for those not familiar with Frege," although it will benefit those (...)
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  19.  21
    Political Dissent in Democratic Athens: Intellectual Critics of Popular Rule. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes & J. Ober - 2000 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 120:181-182.
  20.  3
    About Time: A Philosophical Inquiry Into the Origin and Nature of Time.P. J. Zwart - 1976 - American Elsevier Pub. Co..
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  21.  80
    Utilitarianism and Distributive Justice: Jeremy Bentham and the Civil Law.P. J. Kelly - 1990 - Oxford University Press.
    Drawing extensively on Bentham's unpublished civil and distributive law writings, classical and recent Bentham scholarship, and contemporary work in moral and political philosophy, Kelly here presents the first full-length exposition and sympathetic defense of Bentham's unique utilitarian theory of justice. Kelly shows how Bentham developed a moderate welfare-state liberal theory of justice with egalitarian leanings, the aim of which was to secure the material and political conditions of each citizen's pursuit of the good life in cooperation with each other. A (...)
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  22.  12
    Low-Amplitude Fatigue of Copper and Copper-5 At. % Aluminium Single Crystals.P. J. Woods - 1973 - Philosophical Magazine 28 (1):155-191.
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  23.  13
    Meier The Political Art of Greek Tragedy. Tr. A. Webber. Oxford: Polity P, 1993. Pp. Vii + 238. £39.50.P. J. Wilson, C. Meier & A. Webber - 1995 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 115:187-188.
  24.  33
    Nonidentity, Wrongful Conception and Harmless Wrongs.P. J. Markie - 2005 - Ratio 18 (3):290–305.
  25.  63
    Projection and Necessity in Hume.P. J. E. Kail - 2001 - European Journal of Philosophy 9 (1):24–54.
    This paper discusses the metaphor of projection in relation to Hume’s treatment of causal necessity. I argue that the best understanding of projection shows it to be compatible with taking Hume to be a ‘sceptical realist’ about causal necessity, albeit an agnostic one.
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  26.  37
    E. Boswinkel, P. W. Pestman, H.-A. Rupprecht: Berichtigungsliste der griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus Ägypten, sechster Band. Pp. viii + 260. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976. Cloth, 96 Gld. [REVIEW]P. J. Parsons - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (01):145-.
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  27.  15
    E. Boswinkel, P. W. Pestman, H.-A. Rupprecht: Berichtigungsliste der griechischen Papyrusurkunden aus Ägypten, sechster Band. Pp. viii + 260. Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1976. Cloth, 96 Gld. [REVIEW]P. J. Parsons - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (1):145-145.
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  28.  65
    Nietzsche and Hume: Naturalism and Explanation.P. J. E. Kail - 2009 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 37 (1):5-22.
  29.  51
    Acting and Refraining.P. J. Fitzgerald - 1967 - Analysis 27 (4):133 - 139.
  30. The Inverse Gambler's Fallacy and Cosmology--A Reply to Hacking.P. J. McGrath - 1988 - Mind 97 (386):265-268.
  31.  12
    Friends of the Truth, Violence, and the Ideological Surround: Social Science as Meetings for Clearness.P. J. Watson - 2006 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 28 (1):123-132.
    In response to criticisms of the use of the Ideological Surround Model to analyze Tolerance of Ambiguity, emphasis is placed on how the methodologies of this model operate from Christian pacifist assumptions. This model seeks to promote social scientific methodologies that will allow competing perspectives to obtain increasing clarity on points of conflict.
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  32.  16
    Stimulating Debate: Ethics in a Multidisciplinary Functional Neurosurgery Committee.P. J. Ford - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (2):106-109.
    Multidisciplinary healthcare committees meet regularly to discuss patients’ candidacy for emerging functional neurosurgical procedures, such as Deep Brain Stimulation . Through debate and discussion around the surgical candidacy of particular patients, functional neurosurgery programs begin to mold practice and policy supported both by scientific evidence and clear value choices. These neurosurgical decisions have special considerations not found in non-neurologic committees. The professional time used to resolve these conflicts provides opportunities for the emergence of careful, ethical practices simultaneous with the expansion (...)
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  33.  24
    What is It Like to Be Schrodinger's Cat?P. J. Lewis - 2000 - Analysis 60 (1):22-29.
  34. Political Obligation and the Particularity Problem.P. J. Markie - 2009 - Ratio 22 (3):322-337.
    Natural duty theorists of political obligation try to base a moral duty to obey the law on some natural duty, such as the duty to promote justice. Their critics say they confront an insurmountable obstacle in the particularity problem: Since natural duties do not bind us to some persons and institutions more strongly than to others, they cannot support a duty to one particular state or society. I solve the particularity problem, by developing a version of the political obligation thesis, (...)
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  35.  28
    Religion and Faction in Hume's Moral Philosophy.P. J. E. Kail - 2002 - Mind 111 (442):429-434.
  36.  11
    Thucydides.P. J. Rhodes & S. Hornblower - 1989 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 109 (2):219-219.
  37.  63
    Compromise: J. P. Day.J. P. Day - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (250):471-485.
    Human conflict and its resolution is obviously a subject of great practical importance. Equally obviously, it is a vast subject, ranging from total war at one end of the spectrum to negotiated settlement at its other end. The literature on the subject is correspondingly vast and, in recent times, technical, thanks to the valuable contributions made to it by game theorists, economists, and writers on industrial and international relations. In this essay, however, I shall discuss only one familiar form of (...)
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  38.  93
    Berkeley, the Ends of Language, and the Principles of Human Knowledge.P. J. E. Kail - 2007 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107 (1pt3):265-278.
    This paper discusses some key connections between Berkeley's reflections on language in the introduction to his Treatise on the Principles of Human Knowledge and the doctrines espoused in the body of that work, in particular his views on vulgar causal discourse and his response to the objection that his metaphysics imputes massive error to ordinary thought. I argue also that there is some mileage in the view that Berkeley's thought might be an early form of non-cognitivism.
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  39.  64
    The Flow of Time.P. J. Zwart - 1972 - Synthese 24 (1-2):133 - 158.
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  40.  20
    Aspects of Scientific Explanation and Other Essays in the Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (3):587-588.
    This rather compendious volume contains twelve articles, eleven of which have been published in the last twenty years; the last, from which the book takes its title, appears in print for the first time. There are four chapters: "Confirmation, Induction, and Rational Belief" contains the paper "Inductive Inconsistencies" as well as "Studies in the Logic of Confirmation"; "Empiricist Criteria of Cognitive Significance" appears in the section "Conceptions of Cognitive Significance"; the very well-known "The Theoretician's Dilemma" appears in the third chapter—"Structure (...)
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  41.  32
    Predictive Genetic Testing of Children for Adult-Onset Diseases and Psychological Harm.P. J. Malpas - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (4):275-278.
    One of the central arguments given to resist testing currently healthy, asymptomatic children for adult-onset diseases is that they may be psychologically harmed by the knowledge gained from such tests. In this discussion I examine two of the most serious arguments: children who are tested may face limited futures, and that testing may result in damage to the child’s self esteem . I claim that these arguments do not stand up to critical evaluation. In conclusion, whilst I do not suggest (...)
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  42.  16
    Nontheistic Conceptions of the Divine.P. J. Griffiths - 2005 - In William J. Wainwright (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press. pp. 58--79.
    This chapter defines nontheistic conceptions of the divine as those that depart significantly in vocabulary and conceptuality from the ways of naming the divine characteristic of the Abrahamic traditions. It treats three examples: the Mimamsa understanding of the Vedic text; the nondual philosophy of Advaita Vedanta with special attention to Sankara; and a particular Buddhist understanding of the Buddha’s person.
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  43.  38
    Responsible Conduct in Research.P. J. D. Drenth - 2006 - Science and Engineering Ethics 12 (1):13-21.
    The purpose of this study was to identify and describe published research articles that were named in official findings of scientific misconduct and to investigate compliance with the administrative actions contained in these reports for corrections and retractions, as represented in PubMed. Between 1993 and 2001, 102 articles were named in either the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts ( Findings of Scientific Misconduct ) or the U.S. Office of Research Integrity annual reports as needing retraction or correction. In 2002, (...)
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  44.  51
    Athens and the USA Today J. P. Euben Et Al. (Edd.): Athenian Political Thought and the Reconstruction of American Democracy. Pp. Viii+352. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1994. $45 (Paper, $16.95). [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes - 1995 - The Classical Review 45 (02):317-318.
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  45.  16
    Greece in the Making, 1200-479 BC. [REVIEW]P. J. Rhodes & R. Osborne - 1998 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 118:235-236.
  46.  31
    Models and Analogies in Science. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 20 (1):153-153.
    There is little doubt that in the actual practice of science, models, metaphors, analogies, reasoning by similar cases, and other "parallel" forms of argument are often essential for the discovery of new phenomena and their theoretical interpretation. The author has assembled in five essays, culled and developed from previous ones, her ideas on some basic questions concerning models and analogies. The first chapter considers in dialogue form the role of models in science; the next section is an exploration of the (...)
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  47.  27
    Neutrality in Education. (Reflections on a Paulo Freire Thesis).P. J. Crittenden - 1980 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 12 (1):1–18.
  48.  26
    Of the Standard of Taste and Other Essays. [REVIEW]J. M. P. - 1966 - Review of Metaphysics 19 (4):813-813.
    All the essays contained herein, with the exception of the last two—"On Suicide" and "On the Immortality of the Soul"—have appeared in the author's Essays, Moral, Political, and Literary ; the others were published posthumously. In this wide-ranging collection Hume addresses himself to aspects of aesthetics and literary criticism, the philosophy of history, philosophical "types", human nature and belief. The volume conveys a side of Hume too often forgotten in our present admiration of his foreshadowing of analytical philosophy: the man (...)
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  49. Atheism or Agnosticism.P. J. McGrath - 1987 - Analysis 47 (1):54 - 57.
  50.  15
    Representational Redescription, Memory, and Connectionism.P. J. Hampson - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (4):721-721.
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