Results for 'Opposition, Theory of History'

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  1.  20
    The Need for Quinean Pragmatism in the Theory of History.Jonathan Gorman - 2016 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 8 (2).
    I present the history of philosophy, and history more generally, as a context of ideas, with respect to which philosophers and historians share concerns about the meaning of the texts they both use, and where for some there is a principled contrast between seeing meaning in quasi-mathematical terms or in terms of context. I introduce this imagined world of ideas as temporally extended. Returning to my early research into the epistemic problems of historiography, I present my view that (...)
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  2.  14
    The Opposition of the "Critical Theory" of Society to the Materialist Conception of History.G. I. Ivanov - 1985 - Russian Studies in Philosophy 24 (1):46-80.
    In the system of the philosophical and sociological ideas of the Frankfurt School the "critical theory" of society occupies the central place. In the "critical theory" are interwoven all the most significant aspects of the philosophical, economic, political, sociological, psychological, aesthetic, and ethical ideas dealt with by the representatives of this school. And therefore it is not accidental that the concept of the "critical theory" of society is employed frequently as a synonym of the social philosophy of (...)
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  3.  1
    Review: Antoni Korcik, Contribution to the History of the Classic Theory of Opposition of Assertoric Propositions. [REVIEW]Ivo Thomas - 1959 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 24 (3):215-216.
  4.  6
    Hegel's Theory of Intelligibility.Rocío Zambrana - 2015 - University of Chicago Press.
    Hegel’s Theory of Intelligibility picks up on recent revisionist readings of Hegel to offer a productive new interpretation of his notoriously difficult work, the Science of Logic. Rocío Zambrana transforms the revisionist tradition by distilling the theory of normativity that Hegel elaborates in the Science of Logic within the context of his signature treatment of negativity, unveiling how both features of his system of thought operate on his theory of intelligibility. Zambrana clarifies crucial features of Hegel’s (...) of normativity previously thought to be absent from the argument of the Science of Logic—what she calls normative precariousness and normative ambivalence. She shows that Hegel’s theory of determinacy views intelligibility as both precarious, the result of practices and institutions that gain and lose authority throughout history, and ambivalent, accommodating opposite meanings and valences even when enjoying normative authority. In this way, Zambrana shows that the Science of Logic provides the philosophical justification for the necessary historicity of intelligibility. Intervening in several recent developments in the study of Kant, Hegel, and German Idealism more broadly, this book provides a productive new understanding of the value of Hegel’s systematic ambitions. (shrink)
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  5.  6
    Escape From Saṃsāra: Schopenhauer’s Opposition to the Philosophy of History.Taran Kang - 2021 - The European Legacy 26 (5):484-504.
    ABSTRACT As has long been recognized, Arthur Schopenhauer’s intellectual encounter with the Orient represents a departure from previous Western philosophers’ approaches to it. What has been less appreciated, however, is that this encounter also marks a pivotal moment in the modern critique of systematic philosophies of history. Since Schopenhauer doubted that there was any logic in history, either in the form of a providential plan or a rationally intelligible structure, he impugned both history’s scientific status and its (...)
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  6.  37
    Opposition to the Mendelian-Chromosome Theory: The Physiological and Developmental Genetics of Richard Goldschmidt.Garland E. Allen - 1974 - Journal of the History of Biology 7 (1):49-92.
    We may now ask the question: In what historical perspective should we place the work of Richard Goldschmidt? There is no doubt that in the period 1910–1950 Goldschmidt was an important and prolific figure in the history of biology in general, and of genetics in particular. His textbook on physiological genetics, published in 1938, was an amazing compendium of ideas put forward in the previous half-century about how genes influence physiology and development. His earlier studies on the genetic and (...)
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  7.  34
    Square of Opposition: A Diagram and a Theory in Historical Perspective.Jean-Yves Beziau & Stephen Read - 2014 - History and Philosophy of Logic 35 (4):315-316.
    We are pleased to present this special issue of the journal History and Philosophy of Logic dedicated to the square of opposition.The square of opposition is a diagram and a theory of opposition re...
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  8.  10
    Where Does the True Significance of the Theory of Mutual "Acceptance" of Ethics by Opposite Classes Lie?Hsü Ch'I.-Hsien - 1969 - Chinese Studies in History 3 (2):103-114.
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  9.  25
    History and Reciprocity in Hegel's Theory of the State.Robert Bruce Ware - 1998 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 6 (3):421 – 445.
    Hegel's logic provides a basis for an interpretation of his philosophy of history and political theory which avoids many of the difficulties that traditionally have been associated with his views, leaving us with a clear and useful model of modern political interaction. The unification of content and form provides for the inherently historicist features of the model, that resolve the traditional dichotomy of description and prescription by presenting the state as a historical process, developing through the opposition between (...)
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  10.  20
    The Limits of History.Constantin Fasolt - 2004 - University of Chicago Press.
    History casts a spell on our minds more powerful than science or religion. It does not root us in the past at all. It rather flatters us with the belief in our ability to recreate the world in our image. It is a form of self-assertion that brooks no opposition or dissent and shelters us from the experience of time. So argues Constantin Fasolt in The Limits of History , an ambitious and pathbreaking study that conquers history's (...)
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  11. The Limits of History.Constantin Fasolt - 2013 - University of Chicago Press.
    History casts a spell on our minds more powerful than science or religion. It does not root us in the past at all. It rather flatters us with the belief in our ability to recreate the world in our image. It is a form of self-assertion that brooks no opposition or dissent and shelters us from the experience of time. So argues Constantin Fasolt in _The Limits of History_, an ambitious and pathbreaking study that conquers history's power by (...)
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  12.  24
    Beyond the Hypothesis: Theory's Role in the Genesis, Opposition, and Pursuit of the Higgs Boson.James Wells - 2018 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 62:36-44.
    The centrally recognized theoretical achievement that enabled the Higgs boson discovery in 2012 was the hypothesis of its existence, made by Peter Higgs in 1964. Nevertheless, there is a significant body of comparably important theoretical work prior to and after the Higgs boson hypothesis. In this article we present an additional perspective of how crucial theory work was to the genesis of the Higgs boson hypothesis, especially emphasizing its roots in Landau's theory of phase transitions and subsequent theoretical (...)
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  13.  9
    Inhibition: History and Meaning in the Sciences of Mind and Brain.Roger Smith - 1992 - University of California Press.
    In everyday parlance, "inhibition" suggests repression, tight control, the opposite of freedom. In medicine and psychotherapy the term is commonplace, its definition understood. Relating how inhibition—the word and the concept—became a bridge between society at large and the natural sciences of mind and brain, Smith constructs an engagingly original history of our view of ourselves. Not until the late nineteenth century did the term "inhibition" become common in English, connoting the dependency of reason and of civilization itself on the (...)
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  14.  20
    The Barbarian as Agent of History.Mădălin Onu - 2016 - Cultura 13 (1):69-88.
    Herder, the German humanist from the end of the 18th century, a representative of Weimar classicism and of the Sturm und Drang movement, man of letters, philosopher of history, defender of popular cultures, advocate of the uniqueness and importance of every civilization. The ways in which one may summarize his legacy extend even further. The present paper will focus on the philosophy of history. We will prove that his writings reveal a complex and solid theory of barbarianism, (...)
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  15.  49
    G. A. Cohen Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defense. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978. Pp. Xvi and 369.Charles Taylor - 1980 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 10 (2):327-334.
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  16.  3
    A Theory of History.Ágnes Heller - 1982 - Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1982.
    This radical analysis of the role and importance of historiography interprets the philosophy and theory of history on the basis of historicity as a human condition. The book examins the norms and methods of historiography from a philosophical point of view, but rejects generalisations tht the philosophy of history can provide all the answers to contemporary problems. Instead it outlines a feasible theory of history which is still radical enough to apply to all social structures.
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  17.  7
    Sylvia Wynter’s Theory of the Human: Counter-, Not Post-Humanist.Zimitri Erasmus - 2020 - Theory, Culture and Society 37 (6):47-65.
    How does Sylvia Wynter’s theory of the human depart from Western bio-centric and teleological accounts of the human? To grapple with this question I clarify five key concepts in her theory: the Third Emergence, auto- and socio-poiesis, the autopoietic overturn, the human as hybrid, and sociogenesis. I draw on parts of Wynter’s oeuvre, texts she works with and my conversations with Anthony Bogues. Wynter invents a Third Emergence of the world to mark the advent of the human as (...)
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  18.  3
    Karl Marx’s Theory of History: A Defence. [REVIEW]Donald D. Weiss - 1983 - International Studies in Philosophy 15 (3):83-85.
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  19. Theories of History.Patrick L. Gardiner - 1959 - Free Press.
     
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  20. Time and Idea: The Theory of History in Giambattista Vico. [REVIEW]Radoslav A. Tsanoff - 1954 - New Scholasticism 28 (4):494-496.
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  21.  47
    Theory of History. By F. J. Teggart.R. G. Collingwood - 1926 - Philosophy 1 (2):255.
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  22. Theories of History.Hayden V. White & Frank Edward Manuel - 1978 - University of California.
     
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  23. Theories of History Papers Read at a Clark Library Seminar, March 6, 1976.Hayden V. White, Frank Edward Manuel & William Andrews Clark Memorial Library - 1978 - William Andrews Clark Memorial Library, University of California, Los Angeles.
     
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  24. Marx Theory of History as the Basis of Criticism of the Concept of History in Late Bourgeois Thought.R. Steindl - 1983 - Filosoficky Casopis 31 (3):376-385.
     
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  25. Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence.G. A. Cohen - 1978 - Oxford University Press.
    First published in 1978, this book rapidly established itself as a classicof modern Marxism.
  26.  3
    Rationalist Empiricism: A Theory of Speculative Critique.Nathan Brown - 2021 - Fordham University Press.
    Twenty-first-century philosophy has been drawn into a false opposition between speculation and critique. Nathan Brown shows that the key to overcoming this antinomy is a re-engagement with the relation between rationalism and empiricism. If Kant’s transcendental philosophy attempted to displace the opposing priorities of those orientations, any speculative critique of Kant will have to re-open and consider anew the conflict and complementarity of reason and experience. Rationalist Empiricism shows that the capacity of reason and experience to extend and yet delimit (...)
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  27. New Dimensions of the Square of Opposition.Jean-Yves Béziau & Stamatios Gerogiorgakis (eds.) - 2017 - Munich: Philosophia.
    The square of opposition is a diagram related to a theory of oppositions that goes back to Aristotle. Both the diagram and the theory have been discussed throughout the history of logic. Initially, the diagram was employed to present the Aristotelian theory of quantification, but extensions and criticisms of this theory have resulted in various other diagrams. The strength of the theory is that it is at the same time fairly simple and quite rich. (...)
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  28. Theory of History.F. J. Teggart - 1926 - Humana Mente 1 (2):255-256.
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  29.  36
    6. The Archetype of History in the Confucian Ecumene.Masayuki Sato - 2007 - History and Theory 46 (2):218–232.
    Cultures are constituted by binary oppositions: the absolute and the relative; the perfect and the imperfect; the stable and the unstable. Many of the world’s cultures have looked to revealed religion to discover the absolute: that which transcends the human, the intellect, and space and time. By positing a God who is omniscient and omnipotent, they conceive of an eternal and absolute that continues to exist in an immutable state.In such cultures new perspectives for reinterpreting the past are continually propounded. (...)
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  30.  8
    Nature and Historical Experience: Essays in Naturalism and in The Theory of History.John Herman Randall - 1958 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    THIS VOLUME owcs its existence to the suggestion and the persuasive insistence of my friend and colleague Justus Buchler... the unpublished papers dealing with "the theory of history" and “the theory of nature” bulked large enough to form a volume in themselves. Hence the volume appears ...with [these] essays in philosophic analysis of two themes that have for some years been central in my own interests. -/- Each of the two Parts deals with a unified theme, and (...)
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  31. Reviews: Roger Smith, Inhibition, History and Meaning in the Sciences of Mind and Brain. London: Free Association Books, 1992. £37.50, Xi + 323 Pp. [REVIEW]Greta Jones - 1994 - History of the Human Sciences 7:121-121.
    In everyday parlance, "inhibition" suggests repression, tight control, the opposite of freedom. In medicine and psychotherapy the term is commonplace, its definition understood. Relating how inhibition—the word and the concept—became a bridge between society at large and the natural sciences of mind and brain, Smith constructs an engagingly original history of our view of ourselves. Not until the late nineteenth century did the term "inhibition" become common in English, connoting the dependency of reason and of civilization itself on the (...)
     
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  32.  14
    "Every Valley Shall Be Exalted": The Discourse of Opposites in Twelfth-Century Thought.Constance Brittain Bouchard - 2003 - Cornell University Press.
    Scholasticism : the last shall be first -- Romance and epic : honor abandoned because of love -- Conversion : a poor man from a rich man -- Conflict resolution : he humbly delivered himself to justice -- Gender : male and female created he them.
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  33.  10
    Karl Marx’s Theory of History: A Defense.Gerald Allan Cohen - 1978 - Princeton University Press.
    First published in 1978, this book rapidly established itself as a classic of modern Marxism. Cohen's masterful application of advanced philosophical techniques in an uncompromising defense of historical materialism commanded widespread admiration. In the ensuing twenty years, the book has served as a flagship of a powerful intellectual movement--analytical Marxism. In this expanded edition, Cohen offers his own account of the history, and the further promise, of analytical Marxism. He also expresses reservations about traditional historical materialism, in the light (...)
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  34.  12
    Anamnesis (Cw6): On the Theory of History and Politics.Eric Voegelin & David Walsh - 1991 - University of Missouri.
    Volume 6 of The Collected Works of Eric Voegelin offers the first translation of the full German text of Anamnesis published in 1966.
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  35. Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence.G. A. COHEN - 1978 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 43 (2):389-390.
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  36.  17
    Commentary on Amy Allen's “‘Psychoanalysis and Ethnology Revisited’: Foucault's Historicization of History”.Jasmine Wallace - 2017 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 55 (S1):47-50.
    Responding to the long-standing debate concerning whether Michel Foucault is a philosopher or a historian, Amy Allen questions the incompatibility that this opposition suggests. Foucault can be considered neither a historian nor a philosopher in isolation. Rather, given his own account of history and critique in his early text, The Order of Things, we should understand Foucault as a philosopher whose critical interventions are historically contingent. This commentary asks about the role of linguistics in critical theory, as it (...)
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  37. Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence.G. A. COHEN - 1978 - Philosophy 55 (213):416-418.
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  38.  30
    On the Historical Transformations of the Square of Opposition as Semiotic Object.Ioannis M. Vandoulakis & Tatiana Yu Denisova - 2020 - Logica Universalis 14 (1):7-26.
    In this paper, we would show how the logical object “square of opposition”, viewed as semiotic object, has been historically transformed since its appearance in Aristotle’s texts until the works of Vasiliev. These transformations were accompanied each time with a new understanding and interpretation of Aristotle’s original text and, in the last case, with a transformation of its geometric configuration. The initial textual codification of the theory of opposition in Aristotle’s works is transformed into a diagrammatic one, based on (...)
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  39.  24
    Lynne Ramsay's Ratcatcher: Towards a Theory of Haptic Narrative.David Trotter - 2008 - Paragraph 31 (2):138-158.
    The aim of this essay is to extend and refine the concept of ‘haptic visuality’ which has taken decisive shape in film studies so that it can be used to describe narrative form. In recent theory, the haptic has on the whole been set in opposition to narrative. Should narrative cinema then be understood in and through its neglect or disavowal of haptic visuality? Or might certain feature films in fact incorporate haptic imagery, without thereby ceasing to narrate? These (...)
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  40.  24
    Learn Chairman Mao's Great Theory of the Fundamental Contradictions of Socialist Society.Yuan Shih - 1978 - Contemporary Chinese Thought 10 (2):76-91.
    Twenty years ago our great teacher and leader Chairman Mao published "On the Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the People," an epoch-making piece of Marxist literature. In this brilliant piece, Chairman Mao applied the fundamental law of the universe, the law of the unity of opposites, to sum up comprehensively the historical experience of China's socialist revolution and construction and the international Communist movement and to analyze profoundly the nature, peculiarities and laws of socialist society. He was the first in (...)
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  41.  3
    Anamnesis : On the Theory of History and Politics.David Walsh & Miroslav John Hanak (eds.) - 1991 - University of Missouri.
    Volume 6 of _The Collected Works of Eric Voegelin_ offers the first translation of the full German text of _Anamnesis_ published in 1966. The previous English edition, translated by Gerhart Niemeyer, focused largely on the sections of _Anamnesis_ dealing directly with Voegelin's philosophy of consciousness. It omitted some of the extensive historical studies on which the philosophy of consciousness was based. To properly understand Voegelin's work, however, it is essential to give equal weight to the empirical as well as the (...)
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  42.  7
    Evolutionary Theory of History.Martin Stuart-Fox - 1999 - History and Theory 38 (4):33–51.
    Several attempts have been made recently to apply Darwinian evolutionary theory to the study of culture change and social history. The essential elements in such a theory are that variations occur in population, and that a process of selective retention operates during their replication and transmission. Location of such variable units in the semantic structure of cognition provides the individual psychological basis for an evolutionary theory of history. Selection operates on both the level of cognition (...)
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  43.  9
    Life History Theory and the Industrial Revolution.Marion Blute - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42.
    The most general theory of life history evolution, that of r versus K selection, implies that innovation in the form of plasticity is more likely to be adaptive under poor rather than good resource conditions, the opposite of how Baumard has it. However, this does focus on benefits rather than costs, and including both allows for greater diversity of outcomes.
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  44.  45
    Types, Forms and Unity. Wittgenstein's Criticism of Russell's Theory of Judgment.Daniele Mezzadri - 2014 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 31 (2):177-193.
    This paper investigates Wittgenstein's "notorious" criticism of Russell's theory of judgment. Instead of advancing a further new interpretation of it, though, I analyze and discuss some of the most promising readings of the Russell/Wittgenstein dispute put forward in the secondary literature; I aim to show that, despite their alleged reciprocal opposition, they cohere with each other because they are, at bottom, different ways of highlighting the same question. I then connect Wittgenstein's criticism of Russell to the account of the (...)
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  45.  30
    The Square of Opposition: From Russell's Logic to Kant's Cosmology.Giovanni Mion - 2014 - History and Philosophy of Logic 35 (4):377-382.
    In this paper, I will show to what extent we can use our modern understanding of the Square of Opposition in order to make sense of Kant 's double standard solution to the cosmological antinomies. Notoriously, for Kant, both theses and antitheses of the mathematical antinomies are false, while both theses and antitheses of the dynamical antinomies are true. Kantian philosophers and interpreters have criticized Kant 's solution as artificial and prejudicial. In the paper, I do not dispute such claims, (...)
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  46.  27
    Karl Marx's Theory of History: A Defence. [REVIEW]Joshua Cohen - 1982 - Journal of Philosophy 79 (5):253-273.
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  47. ICOL'S The Theory of History and Existentialism. [REVIEW]Xirau Xirau - 1952 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 13:425.
  48.  21
    A Theory of History.William Desmond - 1982 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 29:326-328.
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  49. Hearts of Darkness: 'Perpetrator History' and Why There is No Why.Paul A. Roth - 2004 - History of the Human Sciences 17 (2-3):211-251.
    Three theories contend as explanations of perpetrator behavior in the Holocaust as well as other cases of genocide: structural, intentional, and situational. Structural explanations emphasize the sense in which no single individual or choice accounts for the course of events. In opposition, intentional/cutltural accounts insist upon the genocides as intended outcomes, for how can one explain situations in which people ‘step up’ and repeatedly kill defenseless others in large numbers over sustained periods of time as anything other than a choice? (...)
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  50.  5
    Theories of History: Readings From Classical and Contemporary Sources.Patrick Gardiner - 1959 - Free Press of Glencoe.
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