4 found
  1. Epistemic Vigilance.Dan Sperber, Fabrice Clément, Christophe Heintz, Olivier Mascaro, Hugo Mercier, Gloria Origgi & Deirdre Wilson - 2010 - Mind and Language 25 (4):359-393.
    Humans massively depend on communication with others, but this leaves them open to the risk of being accidentally or intentionally misinformed. To ensure that, despite this risk, communication remains advantageous, humans have, we claim, a suite of cognitive mechanisms for epistemic vigilance. Here we outline this claim and consider some of the ways in which epistemic vigilance works in mental and social life by surveying issues, research and theories in different domains of philosophy, linguistics, cognitive psychology and the social sciences.
    Direct download  
    Export citation  
    Bookmark   259 citations  
  2.  5
    How do we interpret questions? Simplified representations of knowledge guide humans' interpretation of information requests.Marie Aguirre, Mélanie Brun, Anne Reboul & Olivier Mascaro - 2022 - Cognition 218 (C):104954.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Export citation  
    Bookmark   3 citations  
  3.  9
    Knowledge in Sight: Toddlers Plan Efficient Epistemic Actions by Anticipating Learning Gains.Marie Aguirre, Mélanie Brun, Auriane Couderc, Anne Reboul, Philomène Senez & Olivier Mascaro - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (2):e13103.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 2, February 2022.
    Direct download (2 more)  
    Export citation  
    Bookmark   1 citation  
  4.  2
    Expectations of Processing Ease, Informativeness, and Accuracy Guide Toddlers’ Processing of Novel Communicative Cues.Marie Aguirre, Mélanie Brun, Olivier Morin, Anne Reboul & Olivier Mascaro - 2023 - Cognitive Science 47 (11):e13373.
    Discovering the meaning of novel communicative cues is challenging and amounts to navigating an unbounded hypothesis space. Several theories posit that this problem can be simplified by relying on positive expectations about the cognitive utility of communicated information. These theories imply that learners should assume that novel communicative cues tend to have low processing costs and high cognitive benefits. We tested this hypothesis in three studies in which toddlers (N = 90) searched for a reward hidden in one of several (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
    Export citation