Results for 'Olivier Houd��'

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  1. Olivier Houde, Daniel Kayser, Olivier Koenig, Joelle Proust et Francois Rastier, Vocabulaire de Sciences cognitives.A. Destrebecqz - forthcoming - Revue Internationale de Philosophie.
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  2.  35
    First Insights on “Neuropedagogy of Reasoning”.Olivier Houdé - 2007 - Thinking and Reasoning 13 (2):81 – 89.
    As stated by Jean-Pierre Changeux (2004) in his last book, The Physiology of Truth , objective knowledge does exist, and our brains are naturally equipped to recognise it. The results presented here provide the first insights on (1) the cerebral basis of reasoning errors, and (2) the neurocognitive dynamics that lead the human brain towards logical truth. We propose to call this new approach “neuropedagogy of reasoning”.
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  3.  4
    Evidence for an Inhibitory-Control Theory of the Reasoning Brain.Olivier Houdé & Grégoire Borst - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  4.  21
    Pedagogy, Not Anatomy of Reasoning.Olivier Houdé - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (5):173-174.
  5.  47
    Judgement Under Uncertainty and Conjunction Fallacy Inhibition Training.Sylvain Moutier & Olivier Houdé - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):185 – 201.
    Intuitive predictions and judgements under uncertainty are often mediated by judgemental heuristics that sometimes lead to biases. Our micro-developmental study suggests that a presumption of rationality is justified for adult subjects, in so far as their systematic judgemental biases appear to be due to a specific executive-inhibition failure in working memory, and not necessarily to a lack of understanding of the fundamental principles of probability. This hypothesis was tested using an experimental procedure in which 60 adult subjects were trained to (...)
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  6.  63
    Deductive Reasoning and Matching-Bias Inhibition Training: Evidence From a Debiasing Paradigm.Sylvain Moutier, Nathalie Angeard & Olivier Houde - 2002 - Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):205 – 224.
    Using the matching bias example, the aim of the present studies was to show that adults' reasoning biases are due to faulty executive inhibition programming. In the first study, the subjects were trained on Wason's classical card selection task; half were given training in how to inhibit the perceptual matching bias (experimental group) and half in logic without the inhibition component (control group). On the pre- and post-tests, their performance was assessed on the Evans conditional rule falsification task (with a (...)
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  7.  65
    Consciousness and Unconsciousness of Logical Reasoning Errors in the Human Brain.Olivier Houdé - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):341-341.
    I challenge here the concept of SOC in regard to the question of the consciousness or unconsciousness of logical errors. My commentary offers support for the demonstration of how neuroimaging techniques might be used in the psychology of reasoning to test hypotheses about a potential hierarchy of levels of consciousness (and thus of partial unconsciousness) implemented in different brain networks.
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  8.  30
    Dictionary of Cognitive Science: Neuroscience, Psychology, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, and Philosophy.Olivier Houdé (ed.) - 2004 - Psychology Press.
    A translation of the renowned French reference book, Vocabulaire de sciences cognitives , the Dictionary of Cognitive Science presents comprehensive definitions of more than 120 terms. The editor and advisory board of specialists have brought together 60 internationally recognized scholars to give the reader a comprehensive understanding of the most current and dynamic thinking in cognitive science. Topics range from Abduction to Writing, and each entry covers its subject from as many perspectives as possible within the domains of psychology, artificial (...)
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  9. Pensée Logico-Mathématique: Nouveaux Objets Interdisciplinaires.Olivier Houdé & Denis Miéville - 1993 - Presses Universitaires de France - PUF.
    En deux parties: pensée logico-mathématique et psychologie; pensée logico-mathématique et sciences cognitives.
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  10.  19
    Abstract After All? Abstraction Through Inhibition in Children and Adults.Olivier Houde - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (3-4):339 - 340.
    I challenge two points in Cohen Kadosh & Walsh's (CK & W) argument: First, the definition of abstraction is too restricted; second, the distinction between representations and operations is too clear-cut. For example, taking Jean Piaget's I propose that another way to avoid orthodoxy in the field of numerical cognition is to consider inhibition as an alternative idea of abstraction.
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  11.  19
    The Roots of Cognitive Science: American, Yes, but European Too.Olivier Houdé & Bernard Mazoyer - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):283-284.
  12.  20
    Stop in the Name of Lies: The Cost of Blocking the Truth to Deceive.Ania Aïte, Olivier Houdé & Grégoire Borst - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:141-151.
  13.  15
    Cognitive Control Outside of Conscious Awareness.Adriano Linzarini, Olivier Houdé & Grégoire Borst - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 53:185-193.
  14.  7
    The Progressive 6-Year-Old Conserver: Numerical Saliency and Sensitivity as Core Mechanisms of Numerical Abstraction in a Piaget-Like Estimation Task.Arnaud Viarouge, Olivier Houdé & Grégoire Borst - 2019 - Cognition 190:137-142.
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  15.  21
    Fear and Anger Have Opposite Effects on Risk Seeking in the Gain Frame.Marianne Habib, Mathieu Cassotti, Sylvain Moutier, Olivier Houdé & Grégoire Borst - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  16.  6
    Pleasant Emotional Induction Broadens the Visual World of Young Children.Nicolas Poirel, Mathieu Cassotti, Virginie Beaucousin, Arlette Pineau & Olivier Houdé - 2012 - Cognition and Emotion 26 (1):186-191.
  17.  6
    Olivier Jacquemond: Uvažovať S Blanchotom O Priatelstve.Olivier Jacquemond - 2009 - Filozofia 64 (8).
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  18. Handbook of Logic: Roland Houde and Jerome J. Fischer.Roland Houde - 1954 - Dubuque, IA, USA: W.C. Brown Co..
    This book represents the attempt to provide the student in the one semester introductory course in logic with 1. a handbook of the fundamentals of the science, brief and succinct enough to be practical and yet substantial enough to provide him with the solid foundation of the traditional from which to approach the “mysteries” of modern developments in the field. 2. A working knowledge of the science, out of which there may be built the personal equipment with which the student (...)
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  19.  51
    Peter of John Olivi The Sum of Questions on The Sentences [of Peter Lombard].Peter of John Olivi, O. F. M. Flood & Oleg Bychkov - 2008 - Franciscan Studies 66:83-99.
  20.  17
    Translation of Peter Olivi's Commentary on Acts 2: 42-47.Peter Olivi & O. F. M. Karris - 2007 - Franciscan Studies 65 (1):256-263.
  21.  2
    Materia Actuosa Antiquité, 'Ge Classique, Lumières : Mélanges En l'Honneur d'Olivier Bloch.Miguel Benítez & Olivier Bloch - 2000 - Honoré Champion.
    Olivier Bloch travaille sur l'histoire de la philosophie, et plus particulièrement sur l'histoire des doctrines, courants et traditions matérialistes, dans le domaine de la philosophie antique et dans celui de la philosophie de l'âge classique , en particulier en France , et en Grande-Bretagne . Depuis le début des années 80, ses recherches portent principalement sur les traditions libertines et clandestines de l'âge classique et leur prolongement dans le matérialisme des Lumières, et, dans cette perspective, sur les rapports entre (...)
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  22.  12
    Translation of Peter Olivi's Commentary on Acts 4:32-37.Peter Olivi & Robert J. Karris - 2007 - Franciscan Studies 65 (1):264-280.
  23. VIOLENCE D'ÉTAT, COALITIONS, SUJETS: Un Entretien de Gabriel GIRARD Et Olivier NEVEUX Avec Judith BUTLER.Gabriel Girard, Olivier Neveux & Judith Butler - 2009 - Actuel Marx 45 (1):164 - 174.
    State Violence, Coalitions, Subjects After a consideration of the reception of her work in France , Judith Butler assesses the political contribution of queer movements and minority struggles. She addresses the need for the left to reappropriate the forthright critique of the State and its violence and to examine the way minorities are produced. To do so, her analysis starts from the question of immigrant persons. She highlights the issues and the difficulties which are involved, if there is to be (...)
     
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  24. Education Et Philosophie 'Ecrits En l'Honneur d'Olivier Reboul.Renâee Bouveresse & Olivier Reboul - 1993
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  25.  53
    Enaction: Toward a New Paradigm for Cognitive Science.John Stewart, Olivier Gapenne & Ezequiel A. Di Paolo (eds.) - 2010 - Bradford.
    This book presents the framework for a new, comprehensive approach to cognitive science. The proposed paradigm, enaction, offers an alternative to cognitive science's classical, first-generation Computational Theory of Mind. _Enaction_, first articulated by Varela, Thompson, and Rosch in _The Embodied Mind_, breaks from CTM's formalisms of information processing and symbolic representations to view cognition as grounded in the sensorimotor dynamics of the interactions between a living organism and its environment. A living organism enacts the world it lives in; its embodied (...)
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  26. Husserls houding ten opzichte van de exacte natuurwetenschap.H. Philipse - 1979 - Algemeen Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Wijsbegeerte 71:45-51.
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  27.  5
    How Traditions Live and Die.Olivier Morin - 2015 - Oxford University Press USA.
    Of all the things we do and say, most will never be repeated or reproduced. Once in a while, however, an idea or a practice generates a chain of transmission that covers more distance through space and time than any individual person ever could. What makes such transmission chains possible? For two centuries, the dominant view was that humans owe their cultural prosperity to their powers of imitation. In this view, modern cultures exist because the people who carry them are (...)
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  28.  87
    Flat Emergence.Olivier Sartenaer - 2018 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 99 (S1):225-250.
    The main contention of this article is that current approaches to ontological emergence are not comprehensive, in that they share a common bias that make them blind to some conceptual space available to emergence. In this article, I devise an alternative perspective on ontological emergence called ‘flat emergence’, which is free of such a bias. The motivation is twofold: not only does flat emergence constitute another viable way to fulfill the initial emergentist promise, but it also allows for making sense (...)
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  29.  7
    Die Houding van Die Open Baring van Johannes Teenoor Kultuur.J. J. Engelbrecht - 1996 - Hts Theological Studies 52 (4).
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  30.  16
    Le Rapport Sur la Médecine Légale Suite À la Mission Confiée À Olivier Jardé.Cécile Manaouil & Olivier Jardé - 2007 - Médecine et Droit 2007 (83):61-66.
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  31.  93
    Sixteen Years Later: Making Sense of Emergence (Again).Olivier Sartenaer - 2016 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 47 (1):79-103.
    Sixteen years after Kim’s seminal paper offering a welcomed analysis of the emergence concept, I propose in this paper a needed extension of Kim’s work that does more justice to the actual diversity of emergentism. Rather than defining emergence as a monolithic third way between reductive physicalism and substance pluralism, and this through a conjunction of supervenience and irreducibility, I develop a comprehensive taxonomy of the possible varieties of emergence in which each taxon—theoretical, explanatory and causal emergence—is properly identified and (...)
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  32. Waarom houd ik nu juist van hem?Katrien Schaubroeck - 2012 - Filosofie En Praktijk 33 (4).
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  33.  35
    What Price Changing Laws of Nature?Olivier Sartenaer, Alexandre Guay & Paul Humphreys - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 11 (1):1-19.
    In this paper, we show that it is not a conceptual truth about laws of nature that they are immutable. In order to do so, we survey three popular accounts of lawhood— necessitarianism, dispositionalism and ‘best system analysis’—and expose the extent, as well as the philosophical cost, of the amendments that should be enforced in order to leave room for the possibility of changing laws.
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  34.  68
    Peter Olivi on Political Power, Will, and Human Agency.Juhana Toivanen - 2016 - Vivarium 54 (1):22-45.
    _ Source: _Volume 54, Issue 1, pp 22 - 45 This essay discusses the views of Peter Olivi on the foundations of political power and agency. The central argument is that there is a strong connection between Olivi’s voluntarist psychology and his views concerning political power. According to Olivi, political power is ultimately based on the will of God, but in such a way that both the rulers and their subjects have, through their individual freedom, the liberty to use their (...)
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  35.  78
    Synchronic Vs. Diachronic Emergence: A Reappraisal.Olivier Sartenaer - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (1):31-54.
    In this paper, I put forward a benchmark account of emergence in terms of non-explainability and explicate the relationship that exists between its synchronic and diachronic declinations. I develop an argument whose conclusion is that emergence is essentially a “two-faceted” notion, i.e. it always encapsulates both synchronic and diachronic dimensions. I then compare this account with alternative recent accounts of emergence that define the concept through the notion of unpredictability or topological non-equivalence.
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  36.  5
    Blockchain Imperialism in the Pacific.Olivier Jutel - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (1).
    The rise of blockchain as a techno-solution in the development sector underscores the critical imbalances of data power under ‘computational capitalism’. This article will consider the political economy of techno-solutionist and blockchain discourses in the developing world, using as its object of study blockchain projects in Pacific Island nations. Backed by US State Department soft power initiatives such as Tech Camp, these projects inculcate tech-driven notions of economic and political development, or ICT4D, while opening up new terrains for data accumulation (...)
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  37.  68
    Neither Metaphysical Dichotomy nor Pure Identity: Clarifying the Emergentist Creed.Olivier Sartenaer - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 44 (3):365-373.
    Emergentism is often misleadingly described as a monolithic “third way” between radical monism and pluralism. In the particular case of biology, for example, emergentism is perceived as a middle course between mechanicism and vitalism. In the present paper I propose to show that the conceptual landscape between monism and pluralism is more complex than this classical picture suggests. On the basis of two successive analyses—distinguishing three forms of tension between monism and pluralism and a distinction between derivational and functional reduction—I (...)
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  38.  5
    Preliminaries to a Psychological Model of Musical Groove.Olivier Senn, Dawn Rose, Toni Bechtold, Lorenz Kilchenmann, Florian Hoesl, Rafael Jerjen, Antonio Baldassarre & Elena Alessandri - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  39.  49
    Peter Olivi's Rejection of God's Concurrence with Created Causes.Gloria Frost - 2014 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 22 (4):655-679.
    The relationship between divine and created causality was widely discussed in medieval and early modern philosophy. Contemporary scholars of these discussions typically stake out three possible positions: occasionalism, concurrentism, and mere-conservationism. It is regularly claimed that virtually no medieval thinker adopted the final view which denies that God is an immediate active cause of creaturely actions. The main aim of this paper is to further understanding of the medieval causality debate, and particularly the mere-conservationist position, by analysing Peter John Olivi's (...)
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  40.  43
    Andrew Dobson: Trajectories of Green Political Theory Interview by Luc Semal, Mathilde Szuba and Olivier Petit.Andrew Dobson, Luc Semal, Mathilde Szuba & Olivier Petit - 2014 - Natures Sciences Sociétés 22 (2):132-141.
  41.  11
    Paulus' houding tegenover het huwelijk in 1 Kor. 7 volgens de hedendaagse exegese.V. Neckebrouck - 1963 - Bijdragen 24 (2):171-191.
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  42.  35
    Reasons to Be Fussy About Cultural Evolution.Olivier Morin - 2016 - Biology and Philosophy 31 (3):447-458.
    This discussion paper responds to two recent articles in Biology and Philosophy that raise similar objections to cultural attraction theory, a research trend in cultural evolution putting special emphasis on the fact that human minds create and transform their culture. Both papers are sympathetic to this idea, yet both also regret a lack of consilience with Boyd, Richerson and Henrich’s models of cultural evolution. I explain why cultural attraction theorists propose a different view on three points of concern for our (...)
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  43.  81
    Falsifying Generic Stereotypes.Olivier Lemeire - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (7):2293-2312.
    Generic stereotypes are generically formulated generalizations that express a stereotype, like “Mexican immigrants are rapists” and “Muslims are terrorists.” Stereotypes like these are offensive and should not be asserted by anyone. Yet when someone does assert a sentence like this in a conversation, it is surprisingly difficult to successfully rebut it. The meaning of generic sentences is such that they can be true in several different ways. As a result, a speaker who is challenged after asserting a generic stereotype can (...)
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  44. Bad by Nature, An Axiological Theory of Pain.Olivier Massin - 2017 - In Jennifer Corns (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy of Pain. Routledge. pp. 321-333.
    This chapter defends an axiological theory of pain according to which pains are bodily episodes that are bad in some way. Section 1 introduces two standard assumptions about pain that the axiological theory constitutively rejects: (i) that pains are essentially tied to consciousness and (ii) that pains are not essentially tied to badness. Section 2 presents the axiological theory by contrast to these and provides a preliminary defense of it. Section 3 introduces the paradox of pain and argues that since (...)
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  45.  11
    Writing, Graphic Codes, and Asynchronous Communication.Olivier Morin, Piers Kelly & James Winters - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):727-743.
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  46.  86
    No Purely Epistemic Theory Can Account for the Naturalness of Kinds.Olivier Lemeire - 2018 - Synthese 198 (Suppl 12):2907-2925.
    Several philosophers have recently tried to define natural kinds in epistemic terms only. Given the persistent problems with finding a successful metaphysical theory, these philosophers argue that we would do better to describe natural kinds solely in terms of their epistemic usefulness, such as their role in supporting inductive inferences. In this paper, I argue against these epistemology-only theories of natural kinds and in favor of, at least partly, metaphysical theories. I do so in three steps. In the first section (...)
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  47. “Philosophers Care About the Truth”: Descriptive/Normative Generics.Olivier Lemeire - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    Some generic generalizations have both a descriptive and a normative reading. The generic sentence “Philosophers care about the truth”, for instance, can be read as describing what philosophers in fact care about, but can also be read as prescribing philosophers to care about the truth. On Leslie’s account, this generic sentence has two readings due to the polysemy of the kind term “philosopher”. In this paper, I first argue against this polysemy account of descriptive/normative generics. In response, a contextualist semantic (...)
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  48.  11
    Repetition Increases Both the Perceived Truth and Fakeness of Information: An Ecological Account.Olivier Corneille, Adrien Mierop & Christian Unkelbach - 2020 - Cognition 205:104470.
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  49. Peter Olivi on Practical Reasoning.Juhana Toivanen - 2012 - In A. Musco (ed.), Universality of Reason, Plurality of Philosophies in the Middle Ages: Proceedings of the 12th International Congress of Medieval Philosophy (S.I.E.P.M.), vol. II-2. Palermo: Officina di Studi Medievali. pp. 1033-1045.
    The subject matter of this essay is Peter of John Olivi’s (ca.1248–98) conception of reason from the viewpoint of human action.
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  50.  16
    Did Social Cognition Evolve by Cultural Group Selection?Olivier Morin - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (4):530-539.
    Mind &Language, Volume 34, Issue 4, Page 530-539, September 2019.
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