Results for 'Oliver R. Goodenough'

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  1.  6
    Contract as automaton: representing a simple financial agreement in computational form.Mark D. Flood & Oliver R. Goodenough - 2022 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 30 (3):391-416.
    We show that the fundamental legal structure of a well-written financial contract follows a state-transition logic that can be formalized mathematically as a finite-state machine. The automaton defines the states that a financial relationship can be in, such as “default,” “delinquency,” “performing,” etc., and it defines an “alphabet” of events that can trigger state transitions, such as “payment arrives,” “due date passes,” etc. The core of a contract describes the rules by which different sequences of events trigger particular sequences of (...)
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  2.  10
    Mind Viruses: Culture, Evolution and the Puzzle of Altruism.Oliver R. Goodenough - 1995 - Social Science Information 34 (2):287-320.
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  3.  60
    Symptoms of Expertise: Knowledge, Understanding and Other Cognitive Goods.Oliver R. Scholz - 2018 - Topoi 37 (1):29-37.
    In this paper, I want to make two main points. The first point is methodological: Instead of attempting to give a classical analysis or reductive definition of the term “expertise”, we should attempt an explication and look for what may be called symptoms of expertise. What this comes to will be explained in due course. My second point is substantial: I want to recommend understanding as an important symptom of expertise. In order to give this suggestion content, I begin to (...)
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  4.  23
    Erwin R. Goodenough : Jewish Symbols in the Greco-Roman Period, Vol. 12, Summary and Conclusions, Bollingen Series XXXVII, Pantheon Books, New York 1965, 217 Pp. [REVIEW]E. L. Ehrlich - 1970 - Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 22 (1):88-90.
  5. Experts: What They Are and How We Recognize Them—a Discussion of Alvin Goldman’s Views.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 79 (1):187-205.
    What are experts? Are there only experts in a subjective sense or are there also experts in an objective sense? And how, if at all, may non-experts recognize experts in an objective sense? In this paper, I approach these important questions by discussing Alvin I. Goldman's thoughts about how to define objective epistemic authority and about how non-experts are able to identify experts. I argue that a multiple epistemic desiderata approach is superior to Goldman's purely veritistic approach.
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  6.  98
    The Psychology and Philosophy of Natural Numbers.Oliver R. Marshall - 2017 - Philosophia Mathematica (1):nkx002.
    ABSTRACT I argue against both neuropsychological and cognitive accounts of our grasp of numbers. I show that despite the points of divergence between these two accounts, they face analogous problems. Both presuppose too much about what they purport to explain to be informative, and also characterize our grasp of numbers in a way that is absurd in the light of what we already know from the point of view of mathematical practice. Then I offer a positive methodological proposal about the (...)
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  7. Texte Interpretieren: Daten, Hypothesen Und Methoden.Oliver R. Scholz - 2015 - In Jan Borkowski, Stefan Descher, Felicitas Ferder & Philipp David Heine (eds.), Literatur interpretieren: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge zur Theorie und Praxis. Mentis. pp. 147-171.
    Mein Beitrag behandelt zentrale Probleme der Methodologie der Textinterpretation im Lichte der neueren Erkenntnis- und Wissenschaftstheorie. Nach Vorbemerkungen zum Begriff der Interpretation wende ich mich den Methoden der Bildung und kritischen Prüfung von Interpretationshypothesen zu. Wie ist das Verhältnis von Daten und Hypothesen im Falle der Textinterpretation? Wie können Interpretationshypothesen epistemisch gerechtfertigt bzw. gestützt werden? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen untersuche ich die Anwendung der Hypothetisch-Deduktiven Methode und der Methode des Schlusses auf die beste Erklärung auf die Textinterpretation. Der Vergleich zeigt, (...)
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  8.  28
    The Relative Potency of Color and Form Perception at Various Ages.C. R. Brian & F. L. Goodenough - 1929 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 12 (3):197.
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  9.  30
    Giaquinto on Acquaintance with Numbers.Oliver R. Marshall - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (1):43-55.
    Marcus Giaquinto claims that finite cardinal numbers are sensible properties, and that the smallest ones are known by acquaintance. In this paper I compare Giaquinto’s epistemology to the Russellian one with which it invites comparison, before showing how it is subject to a version of Jody Azzouni’s “epistemic role” objection. Then I argue that the source of this problem is Giaquinto’s misconception that numbers, like quantities, are sensible properties. Finally, I offer a sketch of a theory of how we grasp (...)
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  10. Bild, Darstellung, Zeichen. Philosophische Theorien bildhafter Darstellung.Oliver R. Scholz - 1992 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 54 (2):341-342.
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  11.  14
    Culture and Society, 1780-1950.R. A. C. Oliver & Raymond Williams - 1959 - British Journal of Educational Studies 8 (1):74.
  12.  4
    Verstehen Und Rationalität: Untersuchungen Zu den Grundlagen von Hermeneutik Und Sprachphilosophie.Oliver R. Scholz - 1999
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  13.  73
    Introduction: The History of Social Epistemology.Oliver R. Scholz & Frederick F. Schmitt - 2010 - Episteme 7 (1):1-6.
    Social epistemology is a burgeoning branch of contemporary epistemology. Since the 1970s, philosophers have taken an ever-increasing interest in such topics as the epistemic value of testimony, the nature and function of expertise, the proper distribution of cognitive labor and resources among individuals in communities, and the status of group reasoning and knowledge. This trend emerged against the resistance of the widely shared view that social considerations are largely irrelevant to epistemological concerns. The trend was stimulated by diverse approaches to (...)
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  14.  63
    Counting by Identity: A Reply to Liebesman.Oliver R. Marshall - 2017 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 95 (2):385-390.
    David Liebesman argues that we never count by identity. He generalizes from an argument that we don't do so with sentences indicating fractions, or with measurement sentences on their supposed count readings. In response, I argue that measurement sentences aren't covered by the thesis that we count by identity, in part because they don't have count readings. Then I use the data to which Liebesman appeals, in his argument that we don't count by identity using measurement sentences, in order to (...)
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  15.  22
    Falsche Freunde. War die Aufklärung wirklich die Geburtsstunde der Moderne? Hrsg. von Andreas Pečar und Damien Tricoire Frankfurt am Main/new York: Campus 2015. 231 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-593-50474-2.Falsche Freunde. War die Aufklärung wirklich die Geburtsstunde der Moderne? [REVIEW]Oliver R. Scholz - 2019 - Kant Studien 110 (1):160-163.
    Name der Zeitschrift: Kant-Studien Jahrgang: 110 Heft: 1 Seiten: 160-163.
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  16.  33
    Wissenschaft, Systematizität und Methoden Anmerkungen zu Paul Hoyningen-Huenes Systematicity. The Nature of Science.Oliver R. Scholz - 2015 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 69 (2):235-242.
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  17. Think Pieces.Gregory R. Peterson, Religious Metaphor Ursula Goodenough, What Is Religious Naturalism, Vajrayana Art & Iconography Jensine Andresen - 2000 - Zygon 35 (2):217.
  18.  62
    When is a Picture?Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - Synthese 95 (1):95 - 106.
    Philosophical discussions of depiction sometimes suffer from a lack of differentiation between several questions concerning the nature of pictorial representation. To provide a suitable framework I distinguish six such questions and several levels on which one might want to proceed in order to answer some of them. With this background, I reconstruct Goodman's and Elgin's answer to the specific question: What distinguishes the pictorial from the verbal or linguistic? I try to reveal some major motivations behind their system-oriented approach and (...)
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  19.  47
    Explanation in the Special Science: The Case of Biology and History.Marie I. Kaiser, Oliver R. Scholz, Daniel Plenge & Andreas Hüttemann (eds.) - 2014 - Dordrecht: Springer.
    Biology and history are often viewed as closely related disciplines, with biology informed by history, especially in its task of charting our evolutionary past. Maximizing the opportunities for cross-fertilization in these two fields requires an accurate reckoning of their commonalities and differences-precisely what this volume sets out to achieve. Specially commissioned essays by a team of recognized international researchers cover the full panoply of topics in these fields and include notable contributions on the correlativity of evolutionary and historical explanations, applying (...)
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  20.  6
    The Number Sense Represents Multitudes and Magnitudes.Oliver R. Marshall - 2021 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 44.
    Clarke and Beck's view that numbers are both second-order and sensible is based on an empirically dubious claim, which is required to show that what they call the “weak sensitivity principle” is satisfied. The explanatory benefits that they say are gained by positing a sensory relation to numbers are also gained by positing such a relation to multitudes of objects.
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  21.  50
    Wissenschaftstheorie, Erkenntnistheorie und Metaphysik – Klärungen zu einem ungeklärten Verhältnis.Oliver R. Scholz - 2013 - Philosophia Naturalis 50 (1):5-24.
    The paper aims at clarifying the relationship between philosophy of science, epistemology and metaphysics. I begin with a characterization of philosophy. Philosophy as a second order discipline differs from any of the individual sciences. Typically, it attempts to answer questions of the form "How is it possible that p?". Next I present the aims and tasks of epistemology, before, finally, I turn to the relationship between philosophy of science and epistemology. At this point, metaphysics enters the scene. It turns out (...)
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  22.  17
    Begriff und Phänomen des Glaubens Fragen zu Andreas Kemmerlings Glauben. Essay über einen Begriff.Oliver R. Scholz - 2019 - Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 73 (2):271-278.
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  23. Aufklärung: Von der Erkenntnistheorie zur Politik. Das Beispiel Immanuel Kant.Oliver R. Scholz - 2006 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 9:156-172.
    In this essay, the enlightenment is not considered as a bygone age, but as a systematic epistemological, moral and political program that can, in principle, be pursued at any time. Since Kant has done most to clarify this program, his philosophy may serve as a starting point for discussion of the questions: How do the leading ideas of the enlightenment hang together? How are they justified?
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  24. Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind.R. Scholz Oliver - 2009 - Walter de Gruyter.
     
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  25. Georg Friedrich Meier: Schriften über das ewige Leben der Seele: (1) Beweis, daß die menschliche Seele ewig lebt, 2. Aufl.; (2) Vertheidigung seines Beweises des ewigen Lebens der Seele und seiner Gedancken von der Religion; (3) Abermalige Vertheidigung seines Beweises, daß die menschliche Seele ewig lebe. Hrsg. von Paola Rumore. [Christian Wolff. Gesammelte Werke. III. Abteilung: Materialien und Dokumente. Band 164]. Hildesheim/zürich/new York: Georg Olms Verlag, 2021. 366 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-487-16070-2. [= Beweis]Schriften über das ewige Leben der Seele: (1) Beweis, daß die menschliche Seele ewig lebt, 2. Aufl.; (2) Vertheidigung seines Beweises des ewigen Lebens der Seele und seiner Gedancken von der Religion; (3) Abermalige Vertheidigung seines Beweises, daß die menschliche Seele ewig lebeGedancken von dem Einfluße der göttlichen Vorsehung in die freyen Handlungen der Menschen. Mit einer Einleitung von Alexander AicheleÜber die Unsterblichkeit der Seele: Gedancken von dem Zustande. [REVIEW]Oliver R. Scholz - 2022 - Kant Studien 113 (3):596-608.
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  26. Georg Friedrich Meier: Schriften über das ewige Leben der Seele: (1) Beweis, daß die menschliche Seele ewig lebt, 2. Aufl.; (2) Vertheidigung seines Beweises des ewigen Lebens der Seele und seiner Gedancken von der Religion; (3) Abermalige Vertheidigung seines Beweises, daß die menschliche Seele ewig lebe. Hrsg. von Paola Rumore. [Christian Wolff. Gesammelte Werke. III. Abteilung: Materialien und Dokumente. Band 164]. Hildesheim/zürich/new York: Georg Olms Verlag, 2021. 366 Seiten. ISBN 978-3-487-16070-2. [= Beweis]Schriften über das ewige Leben der Seele: (1) Beweis, daß die menschliche Seele ewig lebt, 2. Aufl.; (2) Vertheidigung seines Beweises des ewigen Lebens der Seele und seiner Gedancken von der Religion; (3) Abermalige Vertheidigung seines Beweises, daß die menschliche Seele ewig lebeGedancken von dem Einfluße der göttlichen Vorsehung in die freyen Handlungen der Menschen. Mit einer Einleitung von Alexander AicheleÜber die Unsterblichkeit der Seele: Gedancken von dem Zustande. [REVIEW]Oliver R. Scholz - 2022 - Kant Studien 113 (3):596-608.
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  27. Neuerscheinungen zur Hermeneutik und ihrer Geschichte.Oliver R. Scholz - 1994 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 19 (3):53.
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  28. The Life and Opinions of Nelson Goodman–A Very Short Introduction.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - In G. Ernst, J. Steinbrenner & O. Scholz (eds.), From Logic to Art: Themes From Nelson Goodman. Ontos. pp. 7--1.
     
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  29. Zur systematischen Bedeutung der Aufklarungshermeneutiken.Oliver R. Scholz - 1996 - Allgemeine Zeitschrift für Philosophie 21 (2):156-162.
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  30.  4
    Das Zeugnis anderer – Sozialer Akt und Erkenntnisquelle.Oliver R. Scholz - 2011 - In Sibylle Schmidt, Sybille Krämer & Ramon Voges (eds.), Politik der Zeugenschaft: Zur Kritik Einer Wissenspraxis. Transcript. pp. 23-46.
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  31.  22
    From Ordinary Language to the Metaphysics of Dispositions – Gilbert Ryle on Disposition Talk and Dispositions.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - In Debating Dispositions: Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 127-142.
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  32.  43
    Introduction:Reconceptions in Context.Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - Synthese 95 (1):1-7.
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  33.  1
    Philosophie in der Welt und für die Welt – Realitätsbezüge einer Disziplin zweiter Ordnung.Oliver R. Scholz - 2021 - Methodus 10 (1):32-47.
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  34.  5
    From Ordinary Language to the Metaphysics of Dispositions – Gilbert Ryle on Disposition Talk and Dispositions.Oliver R. Scholz - 2009 - In Gregor Damschen, Robert Schnepf & Karsten Stueber (eds.), Debating Dispositions. Issues in Metaphysics, Epistemology and Philosophy of Mind. De Gruyter. pp. 127-142.
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  35.  7
    Nachgedanken zu Nachtgedanken: Die Dialektik der Aufklärung im Rückblick.Oliver R. Scholz - 2018 - In Winfried Schröder & Sonja Lavaert (eds.), Aufklärungs-Kritik Und Aufklärungs-Mythen: Horkheimer Und Adorno in Philosophiehistorischer Perspektive. De Gruyter. pp. 53-82.
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  36. “What Metaphors Mean” and How Metaphors Refer.Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - In Ralf Stoecker (ed.), Reflecting Davidson: Donald Davidson Responding to an International Forum of Philosophers. W. De Gruyter. pp. 161-171.
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  37.  8
    9. Fiktionen, Wissen und andere kognitive Güter.Oliver R. Scholz - 2014 - In Tilmann Köppe & Tobias Klauk (eds.), Fiktionalität: Ein Interdisziplinäres Handbuch. De Gruyter. pp. 209-234.
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  38.  7
    Zum Status Allgemeiner Verstehensprinzipien.Oliver R. Scholz - 1994 - In Ulla Wessels & Georg Meggle (eds.), Analyomen / Analyomen: Proceedings of the 1st Conference "Perspectives in Analytical Philosophy". De Gruyter. pp. 574-584.
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  39.  2
    Adrian W.Moore: The Evolution of Modern Metaphysics: Making Sense of Things. (Series: The Evolution of Modern Philosophy). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 2012, ISBN 978-0-521-85111-4; £ 70.00, US $ 110.00 (Hardback); Xxi + 668 Pages. [REVIEW]Oliver R. Scholz - 2015 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 18 (1):285-290.
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  40.  6
    Reviewing Studies Etudes Critiques-Betrachtung Mr Literatur.Oliver R. Scholz - 1993 - Dialectica 47 (1):169-170.
    Book reviewed in this article: Philosophie de l'action *.
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  41.  5
    Bildspiele.Oliver R. Scholz - 2011 - In Publications of the Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society - N.S. 17. De Gruyter. pp. 365-382.
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  42.  2
    Aufklärung: Von der Erkenntnistheorie zur Politik.Oliver R. Scholz - 2006 - History of Philosophy & Logical Analysis 9 (1):156-174.
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  43.  13
    By Light, Light; The Mystic Gospel of Hellenistic Judaism. By E. R. Goodenough. Pp. Xv + 436. New Haven: Yale University Press, London: Humphrey Milford, 1935. 22s. 6d. [REVIEW]J. R. H. - 1936 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 56 (1):108-109.
  44.  14
    Attitudes to Education.R. A. C. Oliver - 1953 - British Journal of Educational Studies 2 (1):31-41.
  45.  21
    Introduction: The History of Social Epistemology.Frederick F. Schmitt & Oliver R. Scholz - 2010 - Episteme 7 (1):1-6.
    Social epistemology is a burgeoning branch of contemporary epistemology. Since the 1970s, philosophers have taken an ever-increasing interest in such topics as the epistemic value of testimony, the nature and function of expertise, the proper distribution of cognitive labor and resources among individuals in communities, and the status of group reasoning and knowledge. This trend emerged against the resistance of the widely shared view that social considerations are largely irrelevant to epistemological concerns. The trend was stimulated by diverse approaches to (...)
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  46.  56
    The Ideological Reduction of Education.R. Graham Oliver - 1998 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 30 (3):299–302.
  47.  7
    Intentional and Unintentional Localization in InGaN.R. A. Oliver & B. Daudin - 2007 - Philosophical Magazine 87 (13):1967-1969.
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  48. Wittgenstein Über Die Seele.Eike von Savigny & Oliver R. Scholz - 1995
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  49.  18
    Through the Doors of Reason: Dissolving Four Paradoxes of Education.R. Graham Oliver - 1985 - Educational Theory 35 (1):15-32.
  50.  12
    Liberal Education in a Technical Age.R. A. C. Oliver - 1955 - British Journal of Educational Studies 4 (1):85.
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