Results for 'Olfaction'

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  1. Is Olfaction Really an Outlier? A Review of Anatomical and Functional Evidence for a Thalamic Relay and Top-down Processing in Olfactory Perception.William Seeley & Julie Self - manuscript
    The olfactory system was traditionally thought to lack a thalamic relay to mediate top-down influences from memory and attention in other perceptual modalities. Olfactory perception was therefore often described as an outlier among perceptual modalities. It was argued as a result that olfaction was a canonical example of a direct perception. In this paper we review functional and anatomical evidence which demonstrates that olfaction depends on both direct pathway connecting anterior piriform cortex to orbitofrontal cortex and an indirect (...)
     
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  2.  15
    Aesthetics, Olfaction, and Environment.Michael Lindquist - 2023 - In Benjamin D. Young & Andreas Keller (eds.), Theoretical Perspectives on Smell. Routledge. pp. 71-88.
  3.  38
    Olfaction, valuation, and action: reorienting perception.Jason B. Castro & William P. Seeley - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    In the philosophy of perception, olfaction is the perennial problem child, presenting a range of difficulties to those seeking to define its proper referents, and its phenomenological content. Here, we argue that many of these difficulties can be resolved by recognizing the object-like representation of odors in the brain, and by postulating that the basic objects of olfaction are best defined by their biological value to the organism, rather than physico-chemical dimensions of stimuli. Building on this organism-centered account, (...)
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  4. Odors, Objects and Olfaction.Dan Cavedon-Taylor - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (1):81-94.
    Olfaction represents odors, if it represents anything at all. Does olfaction also represent ordinary objects like cheese, fish and coffee-beans? Many think so. This paper argues that it does not. Instead, we should affirm an austere account of the intentional objects of olfaction: olfactory experience is about odors, not objects. Visuocentric thinking about olfaction has tempted some philosophers to say otherwise.
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  5. Olfaction.Pamela Dalton - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
     
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  6.  38
    Olfaction and Space in the Theatre.Susan L. Feagin - 2018 - British Journal of Aesthetics 58 (2):131-146.
    My general topic is whether limitations in olfaction’s conceptual and generally mental capabilities hinder its suitability for playing significant and sophisticated roles in theatrical productions of the standard narrative type. This is a big question and I only scratch the surface here. I begin with a brief look at smell’s most prominent roles in the theatre, as illustration and to evoke mood and atmosphere. Next, I consider the relation between smell and the experience of space, looking first at a (...)
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  7.  43
    Olfaction in eating disorders and abnormal eating behavior: a systematic review.Mohammed A. Islam, Ana B. Fagundo, Jon Arcelus, Zaida Agüera, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, José M. Fernández-Real, Francisco J. Tinahones, Rafael de la Torre, Cristina Botella, Gema Frühbeck, Felipe F. Casanueva, José M. Menchón & Fernando Fernandez-Aranda - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  8. Tracking representationalism and olfaction.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2022 - Mind and Language 38 (2):446-463.
    While philosophers of perception develop representational theories of olfactory experiences, there are doubts regarding whether features of olfactory perception can be accommodated within the representationalist framework. In particular, it is argued that the function of olfaction is not to represent stimuli but rather to evaluate it. The paper claims that the major representational accounts of olfaction have problems in accommodating the evaluative aspects of olfactory phenomenology. However, an alternative position, named “olfactory evaluativism,” is proposed which is free of (...)
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  9.  16
    Olfaction: An Interdisciplinary Perspective From Philosophy to Life Sciences.Nicola Di Stefano & Maria Teresa Russo (eds.) - 2021 - Springer Verlag.
    This book offers a broad and timely perspective on research on olfaction and its current technological challenges. It specifically emphasizes the interdisciplinary context in which olfaction is investigated in contemporary research. From aesthetics to sociology, from bioengineering to anthropology, the different chapters discuss a wide variety of issues arising from olfaction research and its application in different contexts. By highlighting the overlaps between different areas of research, the book fosters a better communication between disciplines and leads towards (...)
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  10. Measuring the World: Olfaction as a Process Model of Perception.Ann-Sophie Barwich - 2018 - In Daniel J. Nicholson & John Dupré (eds.), Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology. Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press. pp. 337-356.
    How much does stimulus input shape perception? The common-sense view is that our perceptions are representations of objects and their features and that the stimulus structures the perceptual object. The problem for this view concerns perceptual biases as responsible for distortions and the subjectivity of perceptual experience. These biases are increasingly studied as constitutive factors of brain processes in recent neuroscience. In neural network models the brain is said to cope with the plethora of sensory information by predicting stimulus regularities (...)
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  11.  2
    Imagination, Neuroscience and Olfaction: Confirmations and Extrapolations.Hervé-Pierre Lambert - 2012 - Iris 33:37-51.
    Cognitive sciences and neurology finally put the stress on olfaction and its dysfonctionalities. Their researches may explain linguistic phenomenoms (insuitability between language and odors) or litterary issues (proustian memory). Neurology and anthropology apparently conclude that there is a fundamental inadequation between human language and odors, opposed to language and colors’s subtle and narrow links.
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  12.  35
    19 Olfaction: From Sniff to Percept.Moustafa Bensafi, Christina Zelano, Brad Johnson, Joel Mainland, Rehan Khan & Noam Sobel - 2004 - In Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed.), The Cognitive Neurosciences Iii. MIT Press.
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  13. Quality-space theory in olfaction.Benjamin D. Young, Andreas Keller & David Rosenthal - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
    Quality-space theory (QST) explains the nature of the mental qualities distinctive of perceptual states by appeal to their role in perceiving. QST is typically described in terms of the mental qualities that pertain to color. Here we apply QST to the olfactory modalities. Olfaction is in various respects more complex than vision, and so provides a useful test case for QST. To determine whether QST can deal with the challenges olfaction presents, we show how a quality space (QS) (...)
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  14.  78
    Transparency, olfaction and aesthetics.Thomas Baker - 2016 - Analysis 76 (2):121-130.
    Many have suggested that, unlike the so-called higher-senses, the lower-senses are not capable of providing aesthetic experience. Supporting this is, what I will call, the Transparency-Exteroceptivity Argument, which says that a necessary feature for aesthetic experience is lacking in the case of the lower-senses, namely transparency/exteroceptivity. I argue, contrary to the Transparency-Exteroceptivity Argument, that olfaction can provide transparent access to the properties of particular external objects. I argue that the Transparency-Exteroceptivity Argument relies on a misleading visuocentric and unimodal view (...)
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  15.  15
    Olfaction and Executive Cognitive Performance: A Systematic Review.Vasudeva Murthy Challakere Ramaswamy & Peter William Schofield - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Objective tests of olfaction are widely available to aid in the assessment of olfaction. Their clearest role is in the characterization of olfactory changes, either reported by or suspected in a patient. There is a rapidly growing literature concerned with the association of olfactory changes with certain neuropsychiatric conditions and the use of olfactory testing to supplement conventional assessments in clinical and research practice is evolving. Neural pathways important for olfactory processing overlap extensively with pathways important for cognitive (...)
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  16.  29
    Conscious olfaction: Content, function, and localization.Bjorn Merker - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39.
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  17. Is Trilled Smell Possible? How the Structure of Olfaction Determines the Phenomenology of Smell.Ed Cooke & Erik Myin - 2011 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 18 (11-12):59-95.
    Smell 'sensations' are among the most mysterious of conscious experiences, and have been cited in defense of the thesis that the character of perceptual experience is independent of the physical events that seem to give rise to it. Here we review the scientific literature on olfaction, and we argue that olfaction has a distinctive profile in relation to the other modalities, on four counts: in the physical nature of the stimulus, in the sensorimotor interactions that characterize its use, (...)
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  18.  55
    Vision, Olfaction, and the Unity of Senses.Błażej Skrzypulec - unknown
    In the contemporary analytic discussions concerning human olfactory perception, it is commonly claimed that olfactory experiences are representations having content and olfactory experiences represent odours, like coffee odour or vanilla odour. However, despite these common assumptions, there seems to be an ontological controversy between two views: the first states that odours represented by olfaction should be characterised as features and the second states that they should be interpreted as objects. In this paper, I aim to systematically address the “feature (...)
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  19.  46
    Are Olfactory Receptors Really Olfactive?Franco Giorgi, Roberto Maggio & Luis Emilio Bruni - 2011 - Biosemiotics 4 (3):331-347.
    Any living organism interacts with and responds specifically to environmental molecules by expressing specific olfactory receptors. In this paper, this specificity will be first examined in causal terms with particular emphasis on the mechanisms controlling olfactory gene expression, cell-to-cell interactions and odor-decoding processes. However, this type of explanation does not entirely justify the role olfactory receptors have played during evolution, since they are also expressed ectopically in different organs and/or tissues. Homologous olfactory genes have in fact been found in such (...)
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  20.  98
    The smell of nature: Olfaction, knowledge and the environment.Daniel Press & Steven C. Minta - 2000 - Ethics, Place and Environment 3 (2):173 – 186.
    Olfaction offers unique entry into the non-human world, but Western culture constrains such opportunities because of the dominance of the visual mode of perception. We begin by briefly reviewing philosophical arguments against olfaction as a reliable cognitive input. We then build a biological case for the similarity of non-human and human olfaction. Subsequently, we argue that some contemporary societies still make use of olfaction for organizing themselves in space and time. We end by suggesting that (...) offers promise for advancing inquiry into the human-nature relationship that is so important to many environmental philosophers, scientists and activists. (shrink)
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  21.  34
    The Smell of Nature: Olfaction, Knowledge and the Environment.Daniel Press & Steven C. Minta - 2000 - Philosophy and Geography 3 (2):173-186.
    Olfaction offers unique entry into the non‐human world, but Western culture constrains such opportunities because of the dominance of the visual mode of perception. We begin by briefly reviewing philosophical arguments against olfaction as a reliable cognitive input. We then build a biological case for the similarity of non‐human and human olfaction. Subsequently, we argue that some contemporary societies still make use of olfaction for organizing themselves in space and time. We end by suggesting that (...) offers promise for advancing inquiry into the human‐nature relationship that is so important to many environmental philosophers, scientists and activists. (shrink)
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  22.  40
    A Discerning Smell: Olfaction among the Senses in St. Bonaventure's Long Life of St. Francis.Ann W. Astell - 2009 - Franciscan Studies 67:91-131.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The fifth chapter of Saint Bonaventure's Long Life of Saint Francis, the Legenda maior , is a veritable blazon of the body of Francis and its senses, physical and spiritual. The first chapter in the so-called "Inner Life" – the sequence of eight chapters on the virtues of St. Francis – Chapter Five is notable for its insistent focus on sensory experience, due both to Francis's physical mortifications and (...)
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  23.  25
    The psychology of olfaction: A theoretical framework with research and clinical implications.Vincenzo Bochicchio & Adam Winsler - 2020 - Psychological Review 127 (3):442-454.
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  24.  28
    Differential sensitivity in olfaction.Bernice M. Wenzel - 1949 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (2):129.
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  25. Up the nose of the beholder? Aesthetic perception in olfaction as a decision-making process.Ann-Sophie Barwich - 2017 - New Ideas in Psychology 47:157-165.
    Is the sense of smell a source of aesthetic perception? Traditional philosophical aesthetics has centered on vision and audition but eliminated smell for its subjective and inherently affective character. This article dismantles the myth that olfaction is an unsophisticated sense. It makes a case for olfactory aesthetics by integrating recent insights in neuroscience with traditional expertise about flavor and fragrance assessment in perfumery and wine tasting. My analysis concerns the importance of observational refinement in aesthetic experience. I argue that (...)
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  26. Representation and ephemerality in olfaction.Cain Todd - 2018 - In Thomas Crowther & Clare Mac Cumhaill (eds.), Perceptual Ephemera. Oxford University Press.
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  27.  36
    Involuntary polymodal imagery involving olfaction, audition, touch, taste, and vision.Wei Dou, Yanming Li, Mark W. Geisler & Ezequiel Morsella - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 62:9-20.
  28.  17
    Limits to knowing in olfaction.Richard J. Stevenson - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):593-594.
  29. Individuating the Senses of ‘Smell’: Orthonasal versus Retronasal Olfaction.Keith A. Wilson - 2021 - Synthese 199:4217-4242.
    The dual role of olfaction in both smelling and tasting, i.e. flavour perception, makes it an important test case for philosophical theories of sensory individuation. Indeed, the psychologist Paul Rozin claimed that olfaction is a “dual sense”, leading some scientists and philosophers to propose that we have not one, but two senses of smell: orthonasal and retronasal olfaction. In this paper I consider how best to understand Rozin’s claim, and upon what grounds one might judge there to (...)
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  30.  37
    What is so special about smell? Olfaction as a model system in neurobiology.Ann-Sophie Barwich - 2015 - Postgraduate Medical Journal 92:27-33.
    Neurobiology studies mechanisms of cell signalling. A key question is how cells recognise specific signals. In this context, olfaction has become an important experimental system over the past 25 years. The olfactory system responds to an array of structurally diverse stimuli. The discovery of the olfactory receptors (ORs), recognising these stimuli, established the olfactory pathway as part of a greater group of signalling mechanisms mediated by G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). GPCRs are the largest protein family in the mammalian genome and (...)
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  31.  20
    The contribution of olfaction to taste discrimination.Arnold Hyman, Thomas Mentzer & Leo Calderone - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (6):359-362.
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  32.  60
    Spatial experience and olfaction: A role for naïve topology.Bartek Chomanski - 2020 - Mind and Language 37 (4):715-733.
    In this paper, I provide an account of the spatiality of olfactory experiences in terms of topological properties. I argue that thinking of olfactory experiences as making the subject aware of topological properties enables us to address popular objections against the spatiality of smells, and it makes sense of everyday spatial olfactory phenomenology better than its competitors. I argue for this latter claim on the basis of reflection on thought experiments familiar from the philosophical literature on olfaction, as well (...)
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  33.  17
    Sex Differences in Human Olfaction: A Meta-Analysis.Piotr Sorokowski, Maciej Karwowski, Michał Misiak, Michalina Konstancja Marczak, Martyna Dziekan, Thomas Hummel & Agnieszka Sorokowska - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  34.  9
    Olfaction: Just a Whiff of Progress. Chemosensory Information Processing (1990). Edited by D. Schild. Springer‐Verlag: Berlin. 403pp. DM198. [REVIEW]Barry Keverne - 1991 - Bioessays 13 (6):315-315.
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  35.  81
    Phenomenal and access consciousness in olfaction.Richard J. Stevenson - 2009 - Consciousness and Cognition 18 (4):1004-1017.
    Contemporary literature on consciousness, with some exceptions, rarely considers the olfactory system. In this article the characteristics of olfactory consciousness, viewed from the standpoint of the phenomenal /access distinction, are examined relative to the major senses. The review details several qualitative differences in both olfactory P consciousness and A consciousness . The basis for these differences is argued to arise from the functions that the olfactory system performs and from the unique neural architecture needed to instantiate them. These data suggest, (...)
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  36.  18
    L'asymétrie sensorielle olfactive.E. Toulouse & N. Vaschide - 1900 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 49:176 - 186.
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  37. L'asymétrie Sensorielle Olfactive.Toulouse Toulouse - 1900 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 49:176.
     
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  38.  12
    Color and olfactive perception in the eyes of Peirce and Colette.Suzanne Feigenbaum - 2004 - Semiotica 2004 (150).
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  39. Common Structure of Vision and Olfaction.Błażej Skrzypulec - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (4):1703-1724.
    According to a common opinion, human olfactory experiences are significantly different from human visual experiences. For instance, olfaction seems to have only rudimentary abilities to represent space; it is not clear whether olfactory experiences have any mereological structure; and while vision presents the world in terms of objects, it is a matter of debate whether there are olfactory object-representations. This paper argues that despite these differences visual and olfactory experiences share a hierarchical subject/property structure. Within this structure, olfactorily experienced (...)
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  40. Smelling Odors and Tasting Flavors: distinguishing orthonasal smell from retronasal olfaction.Benjamin D. Young - 2023 - In Aleksandra Mroczko-Wrasowicz & Rick Grush (eds.), Sensory Individuals: Unimodal and Multimodal Perspectives. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    It is arguably the case that olfactory system contains two senses that share the same type of stimuli, sensory transduction mechanism, and processing centers. Yet, orthonasal and retronasal olfaction differ in their types of perceptible objects as individuated by their sensory qualities. What will be explored in this paper is how the account of orthonasal smell developed in the Molecular Structure Theory of smell can be expanded for retronasal olfaction (Young, 2016, 2019a-b, 2020). By considering the object of (...)
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  41. Chemical senses: taste and olfaction.D. V. Smith & G. M. Shepherd - 1999 - In M. J. Zigmond & F. E. Bloom (eds.), Fundamental Neuroscience. pp. 719--759.
     
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  42.  33
    In Search of a Unified Theory of Sensory Perception: Possible Links between the Vibrational Mechanism of Olfaction and the Evolution of Language.Amelia Lewis - 2020 - Biosemiotics 13 (2):261-270.
    Here, I outline the idea of a unified hypothesis of sensory perception, developed from the theoretical vibrational mechanism of olfaction, which can be applied across all sensory modalities. I propose that all sensory perception is based upon the detection of mechanical forces at a cellular level, and the subsequent mechanotransduction of the signal via the nervous system. Thus, I argue that the sensory modalities found in the animal kingdom may all be viewed as being mechanoreceptory, rather than being discrete (...)
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  43.  7
    Les effets des odeurs : neurosciences et olfaction.Jean-Louis Millot & Véronique Adam - 2012 - Iris 33:105-109.
    Véronique Adam : Les neurosciences ne s’intéressent que depuis très récemment à l’olfaction. Pourriez‑vous expliquer pourquoi ce sens est devenu un objet d’étude plus prégnant? Jean-Louis Millot : En fait, l’olfaction demeure encore peu étudiée comparée à d’autres modalités sensorielles. De manière générale, les neurosciences cognitives actuelles, comme d’autres investigations scientifiques chez l’homme par le passé, se focalisent davantage sur les compétences cognitives complexes, telles qu...
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  44.  28
    Individual differences in subtle awareness and levels of awareness: Olfaction as a model system.Gary E. Schwartz - 2000 - In Robert G. Kunzendorf & B. Alan Wallace (eds.), Individual Differences in Conscious Experience. John Benjamins. pp. 209.
  45. Olfatto, identità, memoria. La costituzione del soggetto attraverso l’olfatto [Smell, Identity and Memory. The Constitution of the Subject through Olfactation].Madalina Diaconu - 2003 - la Società Degli Individui 17.
    Nella filosofia moderna la coscienza e la memoria sono state considerate fattori identitari cruciali. L’articolo analizza il ruolo svolto dagli odori nella costituzione dell’identità personale, distinguendo tre livelli: corporeo , socio-culturale e personale . Da un lato, il proprio odore corporeo funge da principium individuationis. Dall’altro, gli odori costituiscono la base di una comunità chiusa ed estremamente conservatrice. Infine, il sé emerge rammentando le proprie «storie» e i ricordi sugli odori.Consciousness and memory were considered identitary key factors in modern philosophy. (...)
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  46. Le Temps de réaction simple des sensations olfactives.N. Vaschide - 1902 - Revue de Philosophie 3:198.
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  47.  38
    A note on the role of olfaction in taste aversion learning.Robert Ader - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (5):402-404.
  48.  17
    MicroRNA mutant turns back the evolutionary clock for fly olfaction.Walton D. Jones - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (7):621-623.
    In a recent paper, Cayirlioglu et al. report that the disruption of a specific miRNA, miR‐279, which normally acts to inhibit the transcription factor Nerfin‐1, uncovers a population of hybrid CO2 neurons in the Drosophila maxillary palp.1 Normally, fruit fly CO2 neurons are found only in the antennae, while mosquito CO2 neurons are found only in the maxillary palps. The hybrid neurons in this miRNA mutant may, thus, recapitulate an evolutionary intermediate unseen since the divergence of these two dipteran lineages (...)
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  49.  17
    Invariance of perception: The boundary between illusion and ambiguity in olfaction.Gesualdo M. Zucco & Remo Job - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):589-592.
  50. Recherches sur le temps de réaction des sensations olfactives.H. Beaunis & G. Buccola - 1883 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 15:566-567.
     
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