Results for 'Oisin Suttle'

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Oisin Suttle
Maynooth University
  1.  5
    The Puzzle of Competitive Fairness.Oisin Suttle - 2022 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 21 (2):190-227.
    Politics, Philosophy & Economics, Volume 21, Issue 2, Page 190-227, May 2022. There is a sense of fairness that is distinctive of markets. This is fairness among economic competitors, competitive fairness. We regularly make judgments of competitive fairness about market participants, public policies and institutions. However, it is not clear to what these judgments refer, or what moral significance they have. This paper offers a rational reconstruction of competitive fairness in terms of non-domination. It first identifies competitive fairness as a (...)
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  2. On Trade Justice, Power and Institutions – Some Questions for Risse and Wollner.Oisin Suttle - 2022 - Moral Philosophy and Politics 9 (1):147-171.
    While Risse and Wollner make an important contribution to theorising global justice and trade, I identify certain concerns with their approach and suggest an alternative that addresses these. First, I query their emphasis on subjection to the trade regime as a morally salient feature, suggesting their argument trades on an ambiguity, and fails to connect the trade regime, as a trigger, with their preferred account of trade-justice-as-non-exploitation. Second, I examine their treatment of the WTO, how they understand international organisations as (...)
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  3. Defeating Manipulation Arguments: Interventionist Causation and Compatibilist Sourcehood.Oisín Deery & Eddy Nahmias - 2017 - Philosophical Studies 174 (5):1255-1276.
    We use recent interventionist theories of causation to develop a compatibilist account of causal sourcehood, which provides a response to Manipulation Arguments for the incompatibility of free will and determinism. Our account explains the difference between manipulation and determinism, against the claim of Manipulation Arguments that there is no relevant difference. Interventionism allows us to see that causal determinism does not mean that variables outside of the agent causally explain her actions better than variables within the agent, whereas the causal (...)
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  4. The Free-Will Intuitions Scale and the Question of Natural Compatibilism.Oisín Deery, Taylor Davis & Jasmine Carey - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (6):776-801.
    Standard methods in experimental philosophy have sought to measure folk intuitions using experiments, but certain limitations are inherent in experimental methods. Accordingly, we have designed the Free-Will Intuitions Scale to empirically measure folk intuitions relevant to free-will debates using a different method. This method reveals what folk intuitions are like prior to participants' being put in forced-choice experiments. Our results suggest that a central debate in the experimental philosophy of free will—the “natural” compatibilism debate—is mistaken in assuming that folk intuitions (...)
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  5. Free Actions as a Natural Kind.Oisín Deery - 2021 - Synthese 198 (1):823-843.
    Do we have free will? Understanding free will as the ability to act freely, and free actions as exercises of this ability, I maintain that the default answer to this question is “yes.” I maintain that free actions are a natural kind, by relying on the influential idea that kinds are homeostatic property clusters. The resulting position builds on the view that agents are a natural kind and yields an attractive alternative to recent revisionist accounts of free action. My view (...)
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  6. Phenomenal Abilities: Incompatibilism and the Experience of Agency.Oisín Deery, Matthew S. Bedke & Shaun Nichols - 2013 - In David Shoemaker (ed.), Oxford Studies in Agency and Responsibility. Oxford University Press. pp. 126–50.
    Incompatibilists often claim that we experience our agency as incompatible with determinism, while compatibilists challenge this claim. We report a series of experiments that focus on whether the experience of having an ability to do otherwise is taken to be at odds with determinism. We found that participants in our studies described their experience as incompatibilist whether the decision was (i) present-focused or retrospective, (ii) imagined or actual, (iii) morally salient or morally neutral. The only case in which participants did (...)
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  7. Experimental Philosophy: An Introduction. [REVIEW]Oisín Deery - 2013 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 21 (5):787-791.
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  8. The Fall From Eden: Why Libertarianism Isn't Justified By Experience.Oisín Deery - 2015 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 93 (2):319-334.
    Libertarians claim that our experience of free choice is indeterministic. They think that, when we choose, our choice feels open in a way that would require indeterminism for the experience to be accurate. This claim then functions as a step in an argument in favour of libertarianism, the view that freedom requires indeterminism and we are free. Since, all else being equal, we should take experience at face value, libertarians argue, we should endorse libertarianism. Compatibilists, who think that freedom is (...)
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  9.  58
    Why the Manipulation Argument Fails: Determinism Does Not Entail Perfect Prediction.Oisin Deery & Eddy Nahmias - forthcoming - Philosophical Studies.
    Determinism is frequently understood as implying the possibility of perfect prediction. This possibility then functions as an assumption in the Manipulation Argument for the incompatibility of free will and determinism. Yet this assumption is mistaken. As a result, arguments that rely on it fail to show that determinism would rule out human free will. We explain why determinism does not imply the possibility of perfect prediction in any world with laws of nature like ours, since it would be impossible for (...)
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  10.  91
    Why People Believe in Indeterminist Free Will.Oisín Deery - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (8):2033-2054.
    Recent empirical evidence indicates that people tend to believe that they possess indeterminist free will, and people’s experience of choosing and deciding is that they possess such freedom. Some also maintain that people’s belief in indeterminist free will has its source in their experience of choosing and deciding. Yet there seem to be good reasons to resist endorsing. Despite this, I maintain that belief in indeterminist free will really does have its source in experience. I explain how this is so (...)
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  11. Is Agentive Experience Compatible with Determinism?Oisín Deery - 2015 - Philosophical Explorations 18 (1):2-19.
    Many philosophers think not only that we are free to act otherwise than we do, but also that we experience being free in this way. Terry Horgan argues that such experience is compatibilist: it is accurate even if determinism is true. According to Horgan, when people judge their experience as incompatibilist, they misinterpret it. While Horgan's position is attractive, it incurs significant theoretical costs. I sketch an alternative way to be a compatibilist about experiences of free agency that avoids these (...)
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  12. The Philosophy of Free Will: Essential Readings From the Contemporary Debates.Paul Russell & Oisin Deery (eds.) - 2013 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
    This collection provides a selection of the most essential contributions to the contemporary free will debate. Among the issues discussed and debated are skepticism and naturalism, alternate possibilities, the consequence argument, libertarian metaphysics, illusionism and revisionism, optimism and pessimism, neuroscience and free will, and experimental philosophy.
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  13. Absences and Late Preemption.Oisín Deery - 2013 - Theoria 79 (1):309-325.
    I focus on token, deterministic causal claims as they feature in causal explanations. Adequately handling absences is difficult for most causal theories, including theories of causal explanation. Yet so is adequately handling cases of late preemption. The best account of absence-causal claims as they appear in causal explanations is Jonathan Schaffer's quaternary, contrastive account. Yet Schaffer's account cannot handle preemption. The account that best handles late preemption is James Woodward's interventionist account. Yet Woodward's account is inadequate when it comes to (...)
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  14.  31
    Rationality + Consciousness = Free Will, by David Hodgson. [REVIEW]Oisín Deery - 2015 - Mind 124 (493):347-351.
    Review of David Hodgson's defense of libertarian free will, from a compatibilist perspective, focusing on methodological issues in debates about free will.
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  15.  15
    Cosmo-Nationalism: American, French and German Philosophy.Oisín Keohane - 2018 - Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.
    Cosmo-nationalism interrogates the rise of national philosophies and their impact on cosmopolitanism and nationalism. -/- The idea of national philosophy carries in it a strange contradiction. We talk about 'German philosophy' or 'American philosophy'. But philosophy has always pictured itself to be the project of universality. It presents itself as something that takes place outside or beyond the national – detachable from language, culture and history. -/- So why do we assign nationalities to philosophies? Building on Jacques Derrida's unpublished seminars (...)
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  16.  3
    The Disrobing of Aphrodite: Brigitte Bardot in Le Mépris.Oisín Keohane - 2022 - Film-Philosophy 26 (2):171-195.
    This article examines a number of philosophical concepts that are at stake in the visual culture of the nude. It particularly focuses on Aphrodite’s appearance, or rather, what I call her exposed concealment, in Jean-Luc Godard’s 1963 Le Mépris. A film, I argue, which is not only concerned with Aphrodite and the figure of the female nude via Brigitte Bardot, but which also explores the very idea of the sex goddess in cinema. In the first section I introduce arguments from (...)
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  17.  55
    Defending the Free-Will Intuitions Scale: Reply to Stephen Morris.Oisín Deery, Taylor Davis & Jasmine Carey - 2015 - Philosophical Psychology 28 (6):808-814.
    In our paper, “The Free-Will Intuitions Scale and the question of natural compatibilism” , we seek to advance empirical debates about free will by measuring the relevant folk intuitions using the scale methodology of psychology, as a supplement to standard experimental methods. Stephen Morris raises a number of concerns about our paper. Here, we respond to Morris's concerns.
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  18.  48
    Tongue-Tied Democracy: The Bind of National Language in Tocqueville and Derrida.Oisín Keohane - 2011 - Derrida Today 4 (2):233-256.
    My paper examines Derrida's attempts to resist, on the one hand, what he thought of as the increasing international hegemony of American English as the technolanguage of communication, and, on the other hand, forms of linguistic nationalism, when using the resources of the French language to deploy the syntagma: démocratie à venir. It does this by investigating what happens when claims about democracy are made in such a way as to be singularly idiomatic – made from a cosmopolitan point of (...)
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  19.  91
    Extending Compatibilism: Control, Responsibility, and Blame.Oisín Deery - 2007 - Res Publica 13 (3):209-230.
    In this paper, I argue that 'moral responsibility' refers to two concepts, not to one. In the first place, we are not ultimately morally responsible or, therefore, unqualifiedly blameworthy, due to the fact that we lack ultimate forms of control. But, second, it is legitimate to consider us to be morally responsible in another sense, and therefore qualifiedly blameworthy, once we have certain forms of control. Consequently, I argue that our normal practice of blaming is unjust, since it requires that (...)
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  20.  8
    Bodin on Sovereignty: Taking Exception to Translation?Oisín Keohane - 2015 - Paragraph 38 (2):245-260.
    This article analyses the definition of sovereignty that Bodin provides in his 1576 Six livres de la république, which outlines sovereignty using French, Greek, Latin, Italian and Hebrew terms. It argues that, despite this attention to more than one language, Bodin wishes to present sovereignty as an unbound ideality beyond any and every language. Nevertheless, it is argued that Bodin in fact privileges the French souveraineté as that which sets up the analogical continuity between Greek, Latin, Italian and Hebrew. Accordingly, (...)
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  21. Estimating Chromatic Contrast Thresholds From the Transient Visual Evoked Potential.M. Boon & C. M. Suttle - 2004 - In Robert Schwartz (ed.), Perception. Malden Ma: Blackwell. pp. 58-58.
  22. The Need for and Inevitability of Educational Intolerance.B. Suttle - forthcoming - Philosophy of Education.
  23.  8
    On Having Three Names.Bruce B. Suttle - 2021 - Philosophy and Literature 45 (2):496-498.
    This morning, as I ate breakfast, I started David Foster Wallace's short story "Good People."1 I began. … Wait a minute! Damn it! Why not Wallace's, or David Wallace's short story? I've never seen nor heard his name other than as a trio; the same is so with others, such as Louisa May Alcott, William Carlos Williams, Joyce Carol Oates, Robert Louis Stevenson, Katherine Anne Porter, et al. One finds it even in operas—for example, in Giacomo Puccini's Turandot we have (...)
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  24.  21
    The Need for and Inevitability or Moral Indoctrination.Bruce B. Suttle - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (2):15-25.
  25.  82
    What, If Anything, Makes the Death Penalty Unjustified?Bruce B. Suttle - 2013 - Think 12 (35):77-82.
    Preface: Of course it is recognized that miscarriages of justice do occur, innocent people are wrongly punished, even executed. This can never be excused or justified. Never. But this is not the issue here. Rather, I am positing, for the sake of the inquiry, that the punishment imposed pertains to only those who are truly guilty of their crimes.
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  26.  19
    The Identity Crisis in Philosophy of Education.Bruce B. Suttle - 1974 - Educational Theory 24 (3):276-283.
  27.  51
    Might Does Not Make Right.Bruce B. Suttle - 2010 - Think 9 (25):89-92.
    Most people believe that rules, orders, and directives issue forth from some agency. Granting that, then being obligated to do something is interpreted as having been put under an obligation by some agency to do something. And if an obligation has been imposed upon one by some agency, then, it is concluded, that agency has the power – therefore the authority – to enforce compliance with the obligation.
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  28. Functional Diversity: An Epistemic Roadmap.Christophe Malaterre, Antoine C. Dussault, Sophia Rousseau-Mermans, Gillian Barker, Beatrix E. Beisner, Frédéric Bouchard, Eric Desjardins, Tanya I. Handa, Steven W. Kembel, Geneviève Lajoie, Virginie Maris, Alison D. Munson, Jay Odenbaugh, Timothée Poisot, B. Jesse Shapiro & Curtis A. Suttle - 2019 - BioScience 10 (69):800-811.
    Functional diversity holds the promise of understanding ecosystems in ways unattainable by taxonomic diversity studies. Underlying this promise is the intuition that investigating the diversity of what organisms actually do—i.e. their functional traits—within ecosystems will generate more reliable insights into the ways these ecosystems behave, compared to considering only species diversity. But this promise also rests on several conceptual and methodological—i.e. epistemic—assumptions that cut across various theories and domains of ecology. These assumptions should be clearly addressed, notably for the sake (...)
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  29.  33
    Casuistry and Modern Ethics: A Poetics of Practical Reasoning. [REVIEW]Bruce B. Suttle - 1999 - Teaching Philosophy 22 (2):207-214.
  30.  29
    The Moral Dimensions of Teaching.Bruce B. Suttle - 1991 - Teaching Philosophy 14 (2):234-236.
  31.  29
    How Are We to Live?Bruce B. Suttle - 1997 - Teaching Philosophy 20 (2):211-214.
  32.  36
    Moral Disagreements.Bruce B. Suttle - 2001 - Teaching Philosophy 24 (4):394-397.
  33.  29
    On Literature.Bruce B. Suttle - 2004 - Teaching Philosophy 27 (1):89-91.
  34.  15
    Royce’s Mature Philosophy of Religion. [REVIEW]Bruce B. Suttle - 1992 - Newsletter of the Society for the Advancement of American Philosophy 20 (62):42-44.
  35.  19
    Socrates Revisited.Bruce B. Suttle - 2002 - Southwest Philosophy Review 18 (2):1-10.
  36.  26
    Actions and Consequences.Bruce B. Suttle - 1972 - Journal of Critical Analysis 4 (1):33-40.
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  37.  20
    Truth, Morality, and What Differences Make a Difference.Bruce B. Suttle - 1994 - Journal of Value Inquiry 28 (3):437-442.
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  38.  12
    Nonviolent National Defense: A Philosophical Inquiry Into Applied Nonviolence.Bruce B. Suttle - 1990 - Social Philosophy Today 3:441-443.
  39.  10
    On God Tolerating Evil.Bruce B. Suttle - 1987 - Sophia 26 (3):53-54.
  40. Recent Trends in Teaching Beginning Philosophy Students.Bruce B. Suttle - 1977 - Journal of Thought 12 (3):210-14.
     
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  41.  8
    Failures in Writing and Reading: On Zadie Smith's" Fail Better".Bruce B. Suttle - 2012 - Philosophy and Literature 36 (2):483-489.
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  42.  1
    Nonviolent National Defense: A Philosophical Inquiry Into Applied Nonviolence. [REVIEW]Bruce B. Suttle - 1990 - Social Philosophy Today 3:441-443.
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  43.  23
    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Terrance Dunford, Ignacio L. Götz, Delbert H. Long, Michael F. Vavrus, Frances O'neill, Lawrence Poston & Bruce B. Suttle - 1995 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 26 (1&2):119-154.
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  44.  11
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Dc Phillips, Carbone Jr, Gerald L. Gutek, Bruce B. Suttle, Kelley Jr, Daniel B. Calloway, Richard A. Brosio, David L. Green, Erwin V. Johanningmeier & Barbara Thayer-Bacon - 1994 - Educational Studies 25 (1):24-87.
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