Results for 'Objectification'

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  1. Objectification.Martha C. Nussbaum - 1995 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 24 (4):249-291.
  2. Sexual Objectification.Timo Jütten - 2016 - Ethics 127 (1):27-49.
    According to Martha Nussbaum, objectification is essentially a form of instrumentalization or use. I argue that this instrumentalization account fails to capture the distinctive harms and wrongs of sexual objectification, because it does not explain the relationship between instrumentalization and the processes of social stereotyping that make it possible. I develop an imposition account of sexual objectification that provides such an explanation and, therefore, should be preferred over the instrumentalization account. It draws on a contrast between imposition (...)
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  3. Sexual Objectification.K. Stock - 2015 - Analysis 75 (2):191-195.
    Sexual objectification, in the broadest terms, involves treating people as things. Philosophers have offered different accounts of what, more precisely, this involves. According to the conjoint view of Catherine Mackinnon and Sally Haslanger, sexual objectification is necessarily morally objectionable. According to Martha Nussbaum, it is not: there can be benign instances of it, in the course of a healthy sexual relationship, for instance. This is taken to be a serious disagreement, both by Nussbaum and by recent commentators such (...)
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  4.  10
    Overcoming Objectification: A Carnal Ethics.Ann J. Cahill - 2011 - Routledge.
    Objectification is a foundational concept in feminist theory, used to analyze such disparate social phenomena as sex work, representation of women's bodies, and sexual harassment. However, there has been an increasing trend among scholars of rejecting and re-evaluating the philosophical assumptions which underpin it. In this work, Cahill suggests an abandonment of the notion of objectification, on the basis of its dependence on a Kantian ideal of personhood. Such an ideal fails to recognize sufficiently the role the body (...)
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  5. Epistemic Objectification as the Primary Harm of Testimonial Injustice.Aidan McGlynn - 2021 - Episteme 18 (2):160-176.
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  6. Objectification and Vision: How Images Shape Our Early Visual Processes.Alice Roberts - 2021 - Synthese 32 (1-2).
    Objectification involves treating someone as a thing. The role of images in perpetuating objectification has been discussed by feminist philosophers. However, the precise effect that images have on an individual's visual system is seldom explored. Kathleen Stock’s work is an exception—she describes certain images of women as causing viewers to develop an objectifying ‘gestalt’ which is then projected onto real-life women. However, she doesn’t specify the level of visual processing at which objectification occurs. In this paper, I (...)
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  7.  77
    Sexual Objectification, Objectifying Images, and 'Mind-Insensitive Seeing-As'.Kathleen Stock - 2018 - In Anna Berqvist & Robert Cowan (eds.), Evaluative Perception. Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
    This chapter defends a theory of objectification, conceiving of it as a species of what aestheticians have called ‘seeing‐as’, and more specifically, a kind of seeing‐as which to some degree is insensitive to the mind or mental aspects. An advantage of this view is that it covers both sexual and racial objectification, and can also explain how photographic images can objectify their subjects: namely, by encouraging the viewer to view in a way insensitive to the mind or mental (...)
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  8. Sexual Objectification: From Kant to Contemporary Feminism.Evangelia Papadaki - 2007 - Contemporary Political Theory 6 (3):330-348.
    Sexual objectification is a common theme in contemporary feminist theory. It has been associated with the work of the anti-pornography feminists Catharine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin, and, more recently, with the work of Martha Nussbaum. Interestingly, these feminists' views on objectification have their foundations in the philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Fully comprehending contemporary discussions of sexuality and objectification, therefore, requires a close and careful analysis of Kant's own theory of objectification. In this paper, I provide such (...)
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  9. What is Objectification?Lina Papadaki - 2010 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 7 (1):16-36.
    Objectification is a notion central to contemporary feminist theory. It has famously been associated with the work of anti-pornography feminists Catharine MacKinnon and Andrea Dworkin, and more recently with the work of Martha Nussbaum. However, objectification is a notion that has not yet been adequately defined. It has been used rather vaguely to refer to a broad range of cases involving, in some way or another, the treatment of a person as an object. My purpose in this paper (...)
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  10. "Overcoming Objectification: A Carnal Ethics," by Ann J. Cahill. [REVIEW]Shoshana Brassfield - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (2):217-221.
    The central argument of Ann Cahill’s Overcoming Objectification is that the concept of sexual objectification should be replaced by Cahill’s concept of derivatization in order to better capture the wrongness of degrading images and practices without depending on an objectionably narrow and disembodied conception of self. To derivatize someone is not to treat her as a non-person, but rather to treat her as a derivative person, reducing her to an aspect of another’s being. Although not perfect, Cahill’s approach (...)
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  11.  84
    Objectification’ and Obfuscation.Danny Frederick - 2016 - Kritike 10 (2):173-90.
    Martha Nussbaum attempts to improve the clarity of the obscure talk of feminists and conservatives about objectification in connection with sexual matters. Her discussion is a substantial improvement. However, it is inconsistent and opaque, and she continues to apply the pejorative term ‘objectification’ to activities which she herself admits are morally unproblematic and which may even be a joyous part of life. I explain the deficiencies in Nussbaum’s discussion, including the fact that she does not notice the one (...)
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  12.  20
    Wild Objectification: Social Work as Object.Morten Nissen - 2004 - Outlines. Critical Practice Studies 6 (1):73-89.
    The paper is about objectification in and of social work. Drawing on a decade-long cooperation with a Copenhagen social workers network focused in the organization Wild Learning, and starting from an Internet essay this organization has provided, the problems with objectifying social work are discussed. Viewed as basically a wholistic subjectification, social work cannot easily be endowed with objectivity in the form of scientific standards, and the objects representing it are often like novels, uniqueness mass-produced; they can be said (...)
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  13.  46
    Causal Laws Are Objectifications of Inductive Schemes.Wolfgang Spohn - 1993 - In J. Dubucs (ed.), Philosophy of Probability. Kluwer, Dordrecht. pp. 223-252.
    And this paper is an attempt to say precisely how, thus addressing a philosophical problem which is commonly taken to be a serious one. It does so, however, in quite an idiosyncratic way. It is based on the account of inductive schemes I have given in (1988) and (1990a) and on the conception of causation I have presented in (1980), (1983), and (1990b), and it intends to fill one of many gaps which have been left by these papers. Still, I (...)
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  14.  37
    Sexual Objectification: From Complicity to Solidarity.Rosie Worsdale - unknown - Dissertation, 2017
    This thesis defends the diagnostic accuracy and political usefulness of the claim that women are complicit in their sexual objectification. Feminists have long struggled to demarcate the appropriate limits of feminist critiques of sexual objectification, particularly when it comes to objectifying practices which women both consent to and experience as empowering. These struggles, I argue, are the result of a fundamental misdiagnosis of what happens when women are sexually objectified, whereby the abstract notion of 'treating as an object' (...)
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  15.  37
    Esprit Objectif Et Sociologie Hegelienne.Laurence E. Winters - 1985 - The Owl of Minerva 17 (1):83-85.
    The problem of philosophical introductions - or, rather, introductions to the works of philosophers - is notorious. Generally, they fall into three categories. The first type are those which are no introduction at all in any but the most attenuated sense … Hegel’s introduction to The Phenomenology, Merleau-Ponty’s introduction to his Phenomenology of Perception, Husserl’s introduction to his Logical Investigations, or even Ideas, which is subtitled “Introduction to Pure Phenomenology.” Introductions of this sort have often attained the status of philosophic (...)
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  16.  82
    Understanding Objectification: Is There Special Wrongness Involved in Treating Human Beings Instrumentally?Evangelia Papadaki - 2012 - Prolegomena 11 (1):5-24.
    This article centres around objectification. It offers an analysis of the notions that are involved in this phenomenon, their moral wrongness, as well as the connections that exist between them. Martha Nussbaum has suggested that seven notions are involved in objectification: instrumentality, denial of autonomy, inertness, fungibility, violability, ownership, and denial of subjectivity. She espouses the view that the instrumentalisation of human beings is especially problematic as compared to the other ways in which we can treat human beings (...)
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  17. Casual Sex, Promiscuity, and Objectification.Raja Halwani - 2017 - In The Philosophy of Sex: Contemporary Readings, 7th edition. pp. 401-420.
  18.  2
    Objectification.Kathleen Stock - 2020 - International Encyclopedia of Ethics.
    This entry considers the question “What is objectification?” After preliminary remarks about different methodological approaches, several possible answers, or groups of answers, are introduced, separated out in terms of broad themes. Each is situated in relation to historical and more contemporary authors. These themes are: objectification as instrumentalization; objectification as reduction to the body; objectification as negation of subjectivity or agency; objectification as naturalization. Objectification is considered in relation to both sexual and racial contexts. (...)
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  19. The Ethics of Sexual Objectification: Autonomy and Consent.Patricia Marino - 2008 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 51 (4):345 – 364.
    It is now a platitude that sexual objectification is wrong. As is often pointed out, however, some objectification seems morally permissible and even quite appealing—as when lovers are so inflamed by passion that they temporarily fail to attend to the complexity and humanity of their partners. Some, such as Nussbaum, have argued that what renders objectification benign is the right sort of relationship between the participants; symmetry, mutuality, and intimacy render objectification less troubling. On this line (...)
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  20. Objectification: A 21st Century Reassessment.Scott Anderson - 2015 - In Thom Brooks (ed.), Current Controversies in Political Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 100-116.
  21. Alienation, Objectification, and the Primacy of Virtue.Alan Thomas - 2010 - In Jonathan Webber (ed.), Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism. Routledge.
     
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  22. Embodiment and Objectification in Illness and Health Care: Taking Phenomenology From Theory to Practice.Anthony Vincent Fernandez - 2020 - Journal of Clinical Nursing 29 (21-22):4403-4412.
    Aims and Objectives. This article uses the concept of embodiment to demonstrate a conceptual approach to applied phenomenology. -/- Background. Traditionally, qualitative researchers and healthcare professionals have been taught phenomenological methods, such as the epoché, reduction, or bracketing. These methods are typically construed as a way of avoiding biases so that one may attend to the phenomena in an open and unprejudiced way. However, it has also been argued that qualitative researchers and healthcare professionals can benefit from phenomenology’s well-articulated theoretical (...)
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  23. Weak Objectification, Joint Probabilities, and Bell Inequalities in Quantum Mechanics.P. Busch, P. Lahti & P. Mittelstaedt - 1992 - Foundations of Physics 22 (7):949-962.
    The weak objectification of physical properties is shown to yield the same probabilistic implications as strong objectification and can therefore be refuted on the basis of suitable interference experiments. An alternative test of hypothetical objectification statements, as they occur in the EPR experiment, is based on joint probabilities and the ensuing Bell inequalities. Quantum mechanics turns out to be partially compatible with Bell's inequalities even in cases where weak objectification is excluded by interference.
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  24.  22
    Popper, Objectification, and the Problem of the Public Sphere.Jeremy Shearmur - 2016 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 46 (4):392-411.
    Shearmur argues for the importance of Popper’s ideas about World 3, and against the idea that they should be re-interpreted in social terms. However, he also argues for the importance of Popper’s ideas about methodological rules—and that these may be given a partially social interpretation. The content of our ideas may in consequence differ from what we take it to be, as a consequence of our institutions and practices operating as methodological rules. He also explores related ideas about the interplay (...)
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  25.  2
    Reducing Objectification Could Tackle Stigma in the COVID-19 Pandemic: Evidence From China.Youli Chen, Jiahui Jin, Xiangyang Zhang, Qi Zhang, Weizhen Dong & Chun Chen - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Stigmatization associated with the coronavirus disease 2019 is expected to be a complex issue and to extend into the later phases of the pandemic, which impairs social cohesion and relevant individuals' well-being. Identifying contributing factors and learning their roles in the stigmatization process may help tackle the problem. This study quantitatively assessed the severity of stigmatization against three different groups of people: people from major COVID-19 outbreak sites, those who had been quarantined, and healthcare workers; explored the factors associated with (...)
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  26.  14
    Objectification and Human Dignity. Kant's Marriage Law and the Law of Domestic Cohabitation.Friederike Kuster - 2011 - Kant Studien 102 (3):335-349.
    Within The Doctrine of Right in The Metaphysics of Morals Kant deals with the social institution of household, the Domestic Society, next to Property Right and Contract Right as part of the Private Right. The juridical problem to solve is the question to what extent human beings can be entitled to dispose persons as a “belonging” at all. This problem of Reification insistently arises with regard to the relation of partners in a marriage: According to Kant, Sexuality as a consumption (...)
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  27.  31
    Objectification, Images and ‘Mind-Insensitive Seeing-As’.Kathleen Stock - unknown
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  28. Objectification and the Other.Sim-hui Tee - 2011 - Philosophy Pathways 160.
  29. Subordination and Objectification.Ishani Maitra - 2013 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 10 (1):87-100.
    This essay discusses Rae Langton’s recent collection of essays, Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification. After introducing some of the major themes of the collection, I raise questions about two of the central concepts in the book. The first question has to do with Langton’s notion of subordination. I ask why she takes pornography to be a subordinating speech act, rather than a subordinating practice, and argue that the latter view has several advantages. The remaining questions have (...)
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  30. Patterns of Objectification.Richard Joyce - unknown
    John Mackie’s moral error theory is so closely associated in people’s minds with his arguments from relativity and from queerness that one might overlook the fact that there may be numerous other, and possibly better, ways of establishing that metaethical position. Perhaps, indeed, there are even further resources for arguing for a moral error theory to be unearthed in Mackie’s own book. I have in mind Mackie’s thesis of moral objectification: that the “objective prescriptivity” with which our moral judgments (...)
     
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  31. Altruistic Surrogacy: The Necessary Objectification of Surrogate Mothers.M. M. Tieu - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (3):171-175.
    Next SectionOne of the major concerns about surrogacy is the potential harm that may be inflicted upon the surrogate mother and the child after relinquishment. Even if one were to take the liberal view that surrogacy should be presumptively allowed on the basis of autonomy and/or compassion, evidence of harm must be taken seriously. In this paper I review the evidence from psychological studies on the effect that relinquishing a child has on the surrogate mother and while it appears that (...)
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  32.  6
    Obesity, Objectification, and Identity: The Encounter with the Body as an Object in Obesity.Donald Moss - 1992 - In Drew Leder (ed.), The Body in Medical Thought and Practice. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 179--196.
  33. Objectifs des Partis Politiques En Wallonie : A Propos des Élections Communales.André Philipart - 1976 - Res Publica 18 (3-4):461-173.
    As the restructuration of municipalities could bring along new local political alliances, one would have thought about the possibility of a relevant modification of the political map of Wallonie after the «elections communales» of October 10th, 1976.Some experts had even conceived that the reorganization of the local authority was a manoeuvre of the central government, made in order to neutralize a region in which the «Parti Socialiste Belge» had the majority. Others thought that the national political strategy would prevail.On the (...)
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  34. Treating Yourself as an Object: Self-Objectification and the Ethical Dimensions of Antidepressant Use.Ginger A. Hoffman - 2013 - Neuroethics 6 (1):165-178.
    In this paper, I offer one moral reason to eschew antidepressant medication in favor of cognitive therapy, all other things being equal: taking antidepressants can be a form of self-objectification. This means that, by taking antidepressants, one treats oneself, in some sense and some cases, like a mere object. I contend that, morally, this amounts to a specific form of devaluing oneself. I argue this as follows. First, I offer a detailed definition of “objectification” and argue for the (...)
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  35.  99
    Sexual Objectification: From Kant to Contemporary Feminism. Evangelia - 2007 - Contemporary Political Theory 6 (3):330.
  36.  27
    Esprit objectif et sociologie hégélienne Roland Maspétiol Paris: Vrin, 1983. 124 p.Laurent-Paul Luc - 1984 - Dialogue 23 (1):152-153.
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  37. Objectification and Alienation in Marx and Hegel.C. J. Arthur - 1982 - Radical Philosophy 30:14-23.
     
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  38.  29
    Objectification and Self-Knowledge: A Critical Examination.Patricia Sanborn - 1967 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 28 (1):39-47.
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    Personal Objectification: Beyond Sartre's Theory of the Gaze.C. R. Bukala - 1980 - Modern Schoolman 57 (2):99-119.
  40.  20
    Objectifs et tâches de la théologie pratique.Marc Donzé - 1995 - Revue des Sciences Religieuses 69 (3):292-302.
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    The Problem of Objectification in Quantum Mechanics.Paul Busch & Peter Mittelstaedt - 1991 - Foundations of Physics 21 (8):889-904.
    The hypotheses of weak and strong objectification of quantum mechanical observables, as well as theoretical arguments and experimental evidence against these hypotheses, are systematically reviewed.
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  42.  48
    The Difference Sameness Makes: Objectification, Sex Work, and Queerness.Ann J. Cahill - 2014 - Hypatia 29 (4):840-856.
    With its implicit vilification of materiality, the notion of objectification has failed to produce a coherent and effective ethical analysis of heterosexual sex work. The concept of derivatization, grounded in an Irigarayan model of embodied intersubjectivity, is more effective. However, queer sex work poses new and different ethical challenges. This paper argues that although queer sex work can entail both objectification and derivatization, the former is not ethically objectionable, and the latter, although the cause for some justified ethical (...)
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  43. Esprits objectifs et esprits subjectifs.Maurice Gex - 1927 - Revue de Théologie Et de Philosophie 16 (64):241.
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  44. Intérêts objectifs.D. Goldstick - 1988 - Etyka 24:229-247.
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  45. Feminist Perspectives on Objectification.Evangelia Papadaki - 2010 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  46. Sexual Solipsism: Philosophical Essays on Pornography and Objectification.Rae Langton - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Rae Langton here draws together her ground-breaking and contentious work on pornography and objectification. She shows how women come to be objectified -- made subordinate and treated as things -- and she argues for the controversial feminist conclusions that pornography subordinates and silences women, and women have rights against pornography.
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  47.  7
    Les objectifs de la « politique d'indépendance » de la Belgique.Fernand Van Langenhove - 1974 - Revue Belge de Philologie Et D’Histoire 52 (2):389-403.
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    Buns in the Oven: Objectification, Surrogacy, and Women’s Autonomy.Suze G. Berkhout - 2008 - Social Theory and Practice 34 (1):95-117.
  49.  8
    Pornography, Objectification, and the Sartrean "Look".Constance Mui - 2001 - Radical Philosophy Today 2:188-202.
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    Intentionality and Objectification: Husserl and Simmel on the Cognitive and Social Conditions of Experience.Ádám Takács - 2014 - Filozofija I Društvo 25 (2):42-55.
    Husserl?s transcendental turn can be best regarded as a turn in his phenomenological models of intentionality. While in the Logical Investigations, he maintains a conception according to which intentionality is a structure of cognitive directedness in which objectification plays a formative role, in his later works the intentional relation is considered as a structure of consciousness founded on a sphere of purely subjective interiority. This paper 42 argues that if Husserl had extended the scope of his early phenomenological research (...)
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