Results for 'Nora Fronemann'

501 found
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  1.  20
    Should my robot know what's best for me? Human–robot interaction between user experience and ethical design.Nora Fronemann, Kathrin Pollmann & Wulf Loh - 2022 - AI and Society 37 (2):517-533.
    To integrate social robots in real-life contexts, it is crucial that they are accepted by the users. Acceptance is not only related to the functionality of the robot but also strongly depends on how the user experiences the interaction. Established design principles from usability and user experience research can be applied to the realm of human–robot interaction, to design robot behavior for the comfort and well-being of the user. Focusing the design on these aspects alone, however, comes with certain ethical (...)
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  2.  3
    What Setting Limits May Mean A Feminist Critique of Daniel Callahan's Setting Limits.Nora K. Bell - 1989 - Hypatia 4 (2):169-178.
    In Setting Limits, Daniel Callahan advances the provocative thesis that age be a limiting factor in decisions to allocate certain kinds of health services to the elderly. However, when one looks at available data, one discovers that there are many more elderly women than there are elderly men, and these older women are poorer, more apt to live alone, and less likely to have informal social and personal supports than their male counterparts. Older women, therefore, will make the heaviest demand (...)
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  3.  5
    Between reality and non-reality.Nora Lefa - 2021 - Technoetic Arts 19 (3):337-347.
    Virtual reality is all too often considered as antithetical to reality, the former being an entity fully separated from the latter. Since there has been historically no consensus among philosophers as to what constitutes reality, this article seeks to contribute to the debate on i crucial issue. It argues that reality should be considered as including non-tangible properties and that, from the first-person point of view, virtual reality is part of the reality of each and every one of us. Furthermore, (...)
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  4.  88
    Evidence Enriched.Nora Mills Boyd - 2018 - Philosophy of Science 85 (3):403-421.
    Traditionally, empiricism has relied on the specialness of human observation, yet science is rife with sophisticated instrumentation and techniques. The present article advances a conception of empirical evidence applicable to actual scientific practice. I argue that this conception elucidates how the results of scientific research can be repurposed across diverse epistemic contexts: it helps to make sense of how evidence accumulates across theory change, how different evidence can be amalgamated and used jointly, and how the same evidence can be used (...)
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  5.  18
    Addiction: Decreased reward sensitivity and increased expectation sensitivity conspire to overwhelm the brain's control circuit.Nora D. Volkow, Gene-Jack Wang, Joanna S. Fowler, Dardo Tomasi, Frank Telang & Ruben Baler - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (9):748-755.
  6. White Feminist Gaslighting.Nora Berenstain - 2020 - Hypatia 35 (4):733-758.
    Structural gaslighting arises when conceptual work functions to obscure the non-accidental connections between structures of oppression and the patterns of harm they produce and license. This paper examines the role that structural gaslighting plays in white feminist methodology and epistemology using Fricker’s (2007) discussion of hermeneutical injustice as an illustration. Fricker’s work produces structural gaslighting through several methods: i) the outright denial of the role that structural oppression plays in producing interpretive harm, ii) the use of single-axis conceptual resources to (...)
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  7.  2
    Amanda H. Lynch and Siri Veland, Urgency in the Anthropocene.Nora Ward - 2022 - Environmental Values 31 (3):368-370.
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  8. La construcción de la barbarie en el periódico anarquista La Batalla (1910)The construction of barbarism in the anarchist newspaper La Batalla.Nora Coiticher - 2016 - Corpus.
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  9.  81
    Towards an understanding of delusions of misidentification: Four case studies.Nora Breen, Diana Caine, Max Coltheart, Julie Hendy & Corrine Roberts - 2000 - Mind and Language 15 (1):74–110.
  10.  12
    La construcción de la barbarie en el periódico anarquista La Batalla (1910)The construction of barbarism in the anarchist newspaper La Batalla.Nora Coiticher - 2016 - Corpus: Archivos virtuales de la alteridad americana 6 (2).
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  11.  5
    Tacit Networks, Heterogeneous Engineers, and Embodied Technology.Nora Levold & Knut H. Sorensen - 1992 - Science, Technology and Human Values 17 (1):13-35.
    Social studies of science and technology are dominated by action and macro approaches. This has led to a neglect of institutions and institutional arrangements at the meso level, which are important, in particular to the student of technology. The transfer of concepts and methods from social studies of science to technology studies has conserved this lack of concern with the meso level. This article suggests a more critical evaluation of this transfer, along with a review of the now popular assumption (...)
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  12. Ontic Structural Realism and Modality.Nora Berenstain & James Ladyman - 2012 - In Elaine Landry & Dean Rickles (eds.), Structural Realism: Structure, Object, and Causality. Springer.
    There is good reason to believe that scientific realism requires a commitment to the objective modal structure of the physical world. Causality, equilibrium, laws of nature, and probability all feature prominently in scientific theory and explanation, and each one is a modal notion. If we are committed to the content of our best scientific theories, we must accept the modal nature of the physical world. But what does the scientific realist’s commitment to physical modality require? We consider whether scientific realism (...)
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  13. Algunas Reflexiones sobre el Estado y el Mercado de Tierras Urbano.Nora Clichevsky - 1998 - Polis 1 (2):30-35.
     
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  14.  51
    Towards cosmopolitan citizenship? Women’s rights in divided Turkey.Nora Fisher Onar & Hande Paker - 2012 - Theory and Society 41 (4):375-394.
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  15. Epistemic Oppression, Resistance, and Resurgence.Nora Berenstain, Kristie Dotson, Julieta Paredes, Elena Ruíz & Noenoe K. Silva - 2022 - Contemporary Political Theory 21 (2):283-314.
    Epistemologies have power. They have the power not only to transform worlds, but to create them. And the worlds that they create can be better or worse. For many people, the worlds they create are predictably and reliably deadly. Epistemologies can turn sacred land into ‘resources’ to be bought, sold, exploited, and exhausted. They can turn people into ‘labor’ in much the same way. They can not only disappear acts of violence but render them unnamable and unrecognizable within their conceptual (...)
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  16.  18
    The Cognitive Naturalness of Witchcraft Beliefs: An Exploration of the Existing Literature.Nora Parren - 2017 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 17 (5):396-418.
    Cross-culturally, misfortune is often attributed to witchcraft despite the high human and social costs of these beliefs. The evolved cognitive features that are often used to explain religion more broadly, in combination with threat perception and coalitional psychology, may help explain why these particular supernatural beliefs are so prevalent. Witches are minimally counter intuitive, agentic, and build upon intuitive understandings of ritual efficacy. Witchcraft beliefs may gain traction in threatening contexts and because they are threatening themselves, while simultaneously activating coalitional (...)
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  17.  11
    Vantage perspective during encoding: The effects on phenomenological memory characteristics.Nora Mooren, Julie Krans, Gérard W. B. Näring, Michelle L. Moulds & Agnes van Minnen - 2016 - Consciousness and Cognition 42:142-149.
  18. The Applicability of Mathematics to Physical Modality.Nora Berenstain - 2017 - Synthese 194 (9):3361-3377.
    This paper argues that scientific realism commits us to a metaphysical determination relation between the mathematical entities that are indispensible to scientific explanation and the modal structure of the empirical phenomena those entities explain. The argument presupposes that scientific realism commits us to the indispensability argument. The viewpresented here is that the indispensability of mathematics commits us not only to the existence of mathematical structures and entities but to a metaphysical determination relation between those entities and the modal structure of (...)
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  19. Privileged-Perspective Realism in the Quantum Multiverse.Nora Berenstain - 2020 - In David Glick, George Darby & Anna Marmodoro (eds.), The Foundation of Reality: Fundamentality, Space, and Time. Oxford University Press.
    Privileged-perspective realism (PPR) is a version of metaphysical realism that takes certain irreducibly perspectival facts to be partly constitutive of reality. PPR asserts that there is a single metaphysically privileged standpoint from which these perspectival facts obtain. This chapter discusses several views that fall under the category of privileged-perspective realism. These include presentism, which is PPR about tensed facts, and non-multiverse interpretations of quantum mechanics, which the chapter argues, constitute PPR about world-indexed facts. Using the framework of the bird perspective (...)
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  20.  1
    Who Decides?: Conflicts of Rights in Health Care.Nora K. Bell - 1982 - Humana Press.
    Many of the demands being voiced for a "humanizing" of health care center on the public's concern that they have some say In determining what happens to the individual in health care institutions. The essays in this volume address fundamental questions of conflicts of rights and autonomy as they affect four selected, controversial areas in health care ethics: the Limits of Professional Autonomy, Refusing! Withdrawing from Treatment, Electing "Heroic" Measures, and Advancing Reproductive Technology. Each of the topics is addressed in (...)
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  21. Epistemic Exploitation.Nora Berenstain - 2016 - Ergo: An Open Access Journal of Philosophy 3:569-590.
    Epistemic exploitation occurs when privileged persons compel marginalized persons to educate them about the nature of their oppression. I argue that epistemic exploitation is marked by unrecognized, uncompensated, emotionally taxing, coerced epistemic labor. The coercive and exploitative aspects of the phenomenon are exemplified by the unpaid nature of the educational labor and its associated opportunity costs, the double bind that marginalized persons must navigate when faced with the demand to educate, and the need for additional labor created by the default (...)
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  22.  14
    Knowledge vs. Action: Discrepancies in University Students' Knowledge about and Self-Reported Use of Self-Regulated Learning Strategies.Nora M. Foerst, Julia Klug, Gregor Jöstl, Christiane Spiel & Barbara Schober - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  23.  10
    The Ethics of ‘Deathbots’.Nora Freya Lindemann - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (6):1-15.
    Recent developments in AI programming allow for new applications: individualized chatbots which mimic the speaking and writing behaviour of one specific living or dead person. ‘Deathbots’, chatbots of the dead, have already been implemented and are currently under development by the first start-up companies. Thus, it is an urgent issue to consider the ethical implications of deathbots. While previous ethical theories of deathbots have always been based on considerations of the dignity of the deceased, I propose to shift the focus (...)
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  24. La edad de los hombres:¿ una era cristiana?Nora M. Matamoros Franco - 2004 - Cuadernos Sobre Vico 17 (18):2004-2005.
    A la luz de un análisis de las costumbres practicadas por la sociedad griega heroica, en la presente contribución se intenta esclarecer por qué la visión cristiana del mundo puede ser considerada paso fundamental hacia eso que Vico llama "Edad de los Hombres".This paper tries to explain -in the light of an analysis of customs practiced in the heroic Greek society- why the Christian conception of the world can be considered as a fundamental step towards what Vico calls the "Age (...)
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  25.  7
    Validation of a Brazilian version of the moral sensitivity questionnaire.Carlise R. Dalla Nora, Elma L. C. P. Zoboli & Margarida M. Vieira - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301772084.
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  26.  8
    Vantage perspective in analogue trauma memories: an experimental study.Nora Mooren, Julie Krans, Gérard Näring & Agnes van Minnen - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (6):1261-1270.
    ABSTRACTVantage perspective during recall is thought to affect the emotionality and accessibility of distressing memories. This study aimed to test the effects of vantage perspective during recall...
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  27.  12
    Individual differences in the tendency to see the expected.Nora Andermane, Jenny M. Bosten, Anil K. Seth & Jamie Ward - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 85:102989.
  28.  49
    Sound Matters: Essays on the Acoustics of Modern German Culture.Nora M. Alter & Lutz P. Koepnick (eds.) - 2004 - Berghahn Books.
    ... composed by Herms Niel as a Durchhaltefanfare, a fanfare of perseverance, for the German troops that had been surrounded on the Crimea peninsula by ...
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  29.  4
    Reparations — Legally Justified and Sine qua non for Global Justice, Peace and Security.Nora Wittmann - 2016 - Global Justice : Theory Practice Rhetoric 9 (2).
    The paper assesses current rising reparations claims for the Maafa/ Maangamizi from two angles. First, it explores the connectivity of reparations and global justice, peace and security. Second, it discusses how the claim is justified in international law. The concept of reparations in international law is also explored, revealing that reparations cannot be limited to financial compensation due to the nature of the damage and international law prescriptions. Comprehensive reparations based in international law require the removal of structures built on (...)
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  30.  8
    The art of the cover.Nora Porter - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (4).
    Often, it's difficult to match up our cover artwork with the subjects of our lead articles and special reports. Of necessity, we sometimes turn to pure abstraction. How else to illustrate technical policy articles on subjects such as changing research protocols or informed consent, or abstract ideas like congruence, duality, imbalance, causality? At such times, we have to be pretty creative, and my search for cover art can be long and challenging. In the end, we hope that the reader will (...)
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  31.  13
    Living Machines: Metaphors We Live By.Nora S. Vaage - 2020 - NanoEthics 14 (1):57-70.
    Within biology and in society, living creatures have long been described using metaphors of machinery and computation: ‘bioengineering’, ‘genes as code’ or ‘biological chassis’. This paper builds on Lakoff and Johnson’s argument that such language mechanisms shape how we understand the world. I argue that the living machines metaphor builds upon a certain perception of life entailing an idea of radical human control of the living world, looking back at the historical preconditions for this metaphor. I discuss how design is (...)
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  32.  30
    Sex Differences in Early Embryogenesis: Inter‐Chromosomal Regulation Sets the Stage for Sex‐Biased Gene Networks.Nora Engel - 2018 - Bioessays 40 (9):1800073.
    Sex‐specific transcriptional and epigenomic profiles are detectable in the embryo very soon after fertilization. I propose that in male (XY) and female (XX) pre‐implantation embryos sex chromosomes establish sexually dimorphic interactions with the autosomes, before overt differences become apparent and long before gonadogenesis. Lineage determination restricts expression biases between the sexes, but the epigenetic differences are less constrained and can be perpetuated, accounting for dimorphisms that arise later in life. In this way, sexual identity is registered in the epigenome very (...)
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  33.  29
    Composing in Fragments: Music in the Essay Films of Resnais and Godard.Nora M. Alter - 2012 - Substance 41 (2):24-39.
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  34.  5
    The ubiquity of the fallacy of composition in cognitive enhancement and in education.Nora Edgren & Veljko Dubljević - forthcoming - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-16.
    Research into cognitive enhancement is highly controversial, and arguments for and against it have failed to identify the logical fallacy underlying this debate: the fallacy of composition. The fallacy of composition is a lesser-known fallacy of ambiguity, but it has been explored and applied extensively to other fields, including economics. The fallacy of composition, which occurs when the characteristics of the parts of the whole are incorrectly extended to apply to the whole itself, and the conclusion is false, should be (...)
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  35. Moral discourse boosts confidence in moral judgments.Nora Heinzelmann, Benedikt Höltgen & Viet Tran - 2021 - Philosophical Psychology 34.
    The so-called “conciliatory” norm in epistemology and meta-ethics requires that an agent, upon encountering peer disagreement with her judgment, lower her confidence about that judgment. But whether agents actually abide by this norm is unclear. Although confidence is excessively researched in the empirical sciences, possible effects of disagreement on confidence have been understudied. Here, we target this lacuna, reporting a study that measured confidence about moral beliefs before and after exposure to moral discourse about a controversial issue. Our findings indicate (...)
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  36.  3
    What’s in a Moment: What Can Be Learned About Pair Bonding From Studying Moment-To-Moment Behavioral Synchrony Between Partners?Nora H. Prior - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  37.  22
    Staging re/unification: For and by the west.Nora M. Alter - 1996 - The European Legacy 1 (3):1242-1247.
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  38. What a Structuralist Theory of Properties Could Not Be.Nora Berenstain - 2016 - In Anna Marmodoro & David Yates (ed.), The Metaphysics of Relations. OUP. Oxford University Press.
    Causal structuralism is the view that, for each natural, non-mathematical, non-Cambridge property, there is a causal profile that exhausts its individual essence. On this view, having a property’s causal profile is both necessary and sufficient for being that property. It is generally contrasted with the Humean or quidditistic view of properties, which states that having a property’s causal profile is neither necessary nor sufficient for being that property, and with the double-aspect view, which states that causal profile is necessary but (...)
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  39.  6
    Adolescent Basic Facial Emotion Recognition Is Not Influenced by Puberty or Own-Age Bias.Nora C. Vetter, Mandy Drauschke, Juliane Thieme & Mareike Altgassen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  40. Deliberation and confidence change.Nora Heinzelmann & Stephan Hartmann - 2022 - Synthese 200 (1):1-13.
    We argue that social deliberation may increase an agent’s confidence and credence under certain circumstances. An agent considers a proposition H and assigns a probability to it. However, she is not fully confident that she herself is reliable in this assignment. She then endorses H during deliberation with another person, expecting him to raise serious objections. To her surprise, however, the other person does not raise any objections to H. How should her attitudes toward H change? It seems plausible that (...)
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  41. A Magában Való Dolog Fenomenológiája: Egy Klasszikus Kanti Probléma Husserl Transzcendentális Fenomenológiájának Perspektívájából.Nóra Szegedi - 2007 - L'Harmattan.
  42.  21
    Characteristics of Successful Adult Distance Instructors for Adult Learners.Nora N. Smith - 2003 - Inquiry: The Journal of the Virginia Community Colleges 8 (1).
  43.  3
    Benjamin Constant, political power, and democracy.Nora Timmermans - 2022 - History of European Ideas 48 (3):246-262.
    ABSTRACT For several decades now, a steady flow of scholarly contributions from both intellectual history and political theory has been reasserting Benjamin Constant as a theorist of liberal democracy. Constant’s visionary understanding of liberal democracy is usually conflated with his understanding of limited popular sovereignty. In this article, I reconstruct Constant’s positive conception of popular sovereignty, i.e. his conception of what popular sovereignty means within its limits and take it as the starting point of an analysis of Constant’s understanding of (...)
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  44.  13
    Digitalización de documentos de Argentina a través de la Sociedad Genealógica de Utah. Libros Parroquiales, censos y ediciones genealógicas. Siglos XVI-XXI1Digitazation of documents of Argentina across the Genealogical Society of Utah. Parochial books, censuses and genealogical editions. 16th and 20th centuries. [REVIEW]Nora Siegrist - 2011 - Corpus: Archivos virtuales de la alteridad americana 1 (2).
  45.  14
    Cine y filosofía: El acto ideatorio como evento fílmico.Nora María Matamoros Franco - 2002 - Signos Filosóficos 7:175-188.
    Artaud affirmed that the cinema participates in the thought and posessess a peculiar and moving power that distinguishes and constitutes the force of the thought like an ideatorian act. This means the thought like the action by which it is possible to represent and be made clear essential forms ..
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  46.  4
    Teacher and Peer Responses to Warning Behavior in 11 School Shooting Cases in Germany.Nora Fiedler, Friederike Sommer, Vincenz Leuschner, Nadine Ahlig, Kristin Göbel & Herbert Scheithauer - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    Warning behaviour prior to an act of severe targeted school violence was often not recognized by peers and school staff. With regard to preventive efforts, we attempted to identify barriers to information exchange in German schools, and understand mechanisms that influenced the recognition, evaluation, and reporting of warning behaviour through a teacher or peer. Our analysis is based on inquiry files from eleven cases of German school shootings that were obtained during the three-year research project “Incident and case analysis of (...)
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  47.  12
    Oxymoron.Nora McGillivray - 1995 - Business Ethics 9 (6):62-62.
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  48.  55
    On Why There is a Problem of Supererogation.Nora Grigore - 2019 - Philosophia 47 (4):1141-1163.
    How can it be that some acts of very high moral value are not morally required? This is the problem of supererogation. I do not argue in favor of a particular answer. Instead, I analyze two opposing moral intuitions the problem involves. First, that one should always do one’s best. Second, that sometimes we are morally allowed not to do our best. To think that one always has to do one’s best is less plausible, as it makes every morally best (...)
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  49.  10
    Oxymoron.Nora McGillivray - 1995 - Business Ethics: The Magazine of Corporate Responsibility 9 (6):62-62.
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  50. Semblanza de una docente de matemáticas En búsqueda de ambientes creativos para educar con alegría….Nora Benítez Manjarrés - 2013 - Revista Aletheia 5 (2/1).
     
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