Results for 'Niki Jitendra Parmar'

191 found
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  1.  21
    Purity Homophily in Social Networks.Morteza Dehghani, Kate Johnson, Joe Hoover, Eyal Sagi, Justin Garten, Niki Jitendra Parmar, Stephen Vaisey, Rumen Iliev & Jesse Graham - 2016 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 145 (3):366-375.
  2. Bio-Objects: Life in the 21st Century.Niki Vermeulen & Sakari Tamminen - 2012 - Routledge.
    Examining a variety of bio-objects in contexts beyond the laboratory, Bio-Objects: Life in the 21st Century explores new ways of thinking about how novel bio-objects enter contemporary life, analysing the manner in which the boundaries between human and animal, organic and non-organic, and being 'alive' and the suspension of living, are questioned, destabilised and in some cases re-established.
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  3.  10
    Object, Reduction, and Emergence: An Object-Oriented View.Niki Young - 2021 - Open Philosophy 4 (1):83-93.
    Object-Oriented Ontology is a contemporary form of realism concerned with the investigation of “objects” broadly construed. It may be characterised in terms of a metaphysical pluralism to the extent that it recognises infinitely many different kinds of emergent entities, and this fact in turn leads to a number of questions concerning the nature of objects and emergence in OOO: what is the precise meaning of an emergent entity in OOO? How has emergence been denied throughout the history of Western thought? (...)
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  4.  18
    On Correlationism and the Philosophy of (Human) Access: Meillassoux and Harman.Niki Young - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):42-52.
    Speculative Realism has often been characterised as a heterogeneous group of thinkers, united almost exclusively in their commitment to the critique of what Quentin Meillassoux terms ‘correlationism’ or what Graham Harman calls the ‘philosophy of access.’ The terms ‘correlationism’ and ‘philosophy of access’ are in turn often treated – at times even by Meillassoux and Harman themselves – as synonymous. In this paper, I seek to analyse these terms to evaluate their similarities, but also possible differences. I shall argue that (...)
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  5.  30
    A Dual-Process Specification of Causal Conditional Reasoning.Niki Verschueren, Walter Schaeken & Géry D'Ydewalle - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (3):239-278.
  6.  20
    Public Trust in Business and Its Determinants.Bidhan Parmar, Kirsten Martin & Michael Pirson - 2019 - Business and Society 58 (1):132-166.
    Public trust in business, defined as the degree to which the public—meaning society at large—trusts business in general, is largely understudied. This article suggests four domains of existing trust research from which scholars of public trust in business can draw. The authors then propose four main hypotheses, which aim to predict the determinants of public trust, and test these hypotheses using a factorial vignette methodology. These results will provide scholars with more direction as this article is, to the authors’ knowledge, (...)
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  7. Anti-Trafficking Legislation: Protection or Deportation?Niki Adams - 2003 - Feminist Review 73 (1):135-139.
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  8.  27
    3D Bioprint Me: A Socioethical View of Bioprinting Human Organs and Tissues.Niki Vermeulen, Gill Haddow, Tirion Seymour, Alan Faulkner-Jones & Wenmiao Shu - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (9):618-624.
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  9.  3
    Challenging Imperial Feminism.Pratibha Parmar & Valerie Amos - 2005 - Feminist Review 80 (1):44-63.
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  10. A Dual-Process Specification of Causal Conditional Reasoning.Niki Verschueren, Walter Schaeken & G. - 2005 - Thinking and Reasoning 11 (3):239 – 278.
    There are two accounts describing causal conditional reasoning: the probabilistic and the mental models account. According to the probabilistic account, the tendency to accept a conclusion is related to the probability by which cause and effect covary. According to the mental models account, the tendency to accept a conclusion relates to the availability of counterexamples. These two accounts are brought together in a dual-process theory: It is argued that the probabilistic reasoning process can be considered as a heuristic process whereas (...)
     
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  11. Dvādaśāra-Nayacakra Kā Dārśanika Adhyayana.Jitendra Śāha - 2008 - Śrutaratnākara Evaṃ Śrī Jinakāntisāgarasūri Smāraka Ṭrasṭa.
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  12.  33
    Jitendra Nath Mohanty, Edmund Husserl’s Freiburg Years 1916–1938.Christian Ferencz-Flatz - 2012 - Studia Phaenomenologica 12:438-440.
  13. Reasoning About Uncertain Conditionals.Niki Pfeifer - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (4):849-866.
    There is a long tradition in formal epistemology and in the psychology of reasoning to investigate indicative conditionals. In psychology, the propositional calculus was taken for granted to be the normative standard of reference. Experimental tasks, evaluation of the participants’ responses and psychological model building, were inspired by the semantics of the material conditional. Recent empirical work on indicative conditionals focuses on uncertainty. Consequently, the normative standard of reference has changed. I argue why neither logic nor standard probability theory provide (...)
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  14.  90
    The New Psychology of Reasoning: A Mental Probability Logical Perspective.Niki Pfeifer - 2013 - Thinking and Reasoning 19 (3-4):329-345.
  15.  22
    People and Profits: The Impact of Corporate Objectives on Employees’ Need Satisfaction at Work.Bidhan L. Parmar, Adrian Keevil & Andrew C. Wicks - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (1):13-33.
    For decades, scholars have debated the corporate objective. Scholars have either advocated a corporate objective focused on generating value for shareholders or creating value for multiple groups of stakeholders. Although it has been established that the corporate objective can shape many aspects of the corporation—including culture, compensation, and decision making—to date, scholars have not yet explored its psychological impact; particularly, how the corporate objective might influence employee well-being. In this article, we explore how two views of the corporate objective affect (...)
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  16.  24
    Phenomenology: Between Essentialism and Transcendental Philosophy.Jitendra Nath Mohanty - 1997 - Northwestern University Press.
    The accessibility of these essays, coupled with Mohanty's consideration of lesser-known phenomenologists (Ingarden, Scheler, Hartmann, et. al.) mark this as a major updating of phenomenology for a contemporary audience.
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  17.  18
    Subminimal Logics in Light of Vakarelov’s Logic.Satoru Niki - 2020 - Studia Logica 108 (5):967-987.
    We investigate a subsystem of minimal logic related to D. Vakarelov’s logic \, using the framework of subminimal logics by A. Colacito, D. de Jongh and A. L. Vargas. In the course of it, the relationship between the two semantics in the respective frameworks is clarified. In addition, we introduce a sequent calculus for the investigated subsystem, and some proof-theoretic properties are established. Lastly, we formulate a new infinite class of subsystems of minimal logics.
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  18.  95
    AREC Regional Workshop Report: Poor Supervision.Niki Bannister - 2012 - Research Ethics 8 (1):55-56.
  19.  43
    Assumptions in Decision Making Scholarship: Implications for Business Ethics Research. [REVIEW]Kirsten Martin & Bidhan Parmar - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 105 (3):289-306.
    While decision making scholarship in management has specifically addressed the objectivist assumptions within the rational choice model, a similar move within business ethics has only begun to occur. Business ethics scholarship remains primarily based on rational choice assumptions. In this article, we examine the managerial decision making literature in order to illustrate equivocality within the rational choice model. We identify four key assumptions in the decision making literature and illustrate how these assumptions affect decision making theory, research, and practice within (...)
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  20.  94
    Framing Human Inference by Coherence Based Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & Gernot D. Kleiter - 2009 - Journal of Applied Logic 7 (2):206--217.
    We take coherence based probability logic as the basic reference theory to model human deductive reasoning. The conditional and probabilistic argument forms are explored. We give a brief overview of recent developments of combining logic and probability in psychology. A study on conditional inferences illustrates our approach. First steps towards a process model of conditional inferences conclude the paper.
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  21.  25
    Consciousness and its Correlatives: Eliot and Husserl.Jitendra Kumar - 1968 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 28 (3):332-352.
  22. Experiments on Aristotle’s Thesis: Towards an Experimental Philosophy of Conditionals.Niki Pfeifer - 2012 - The Monist 95 (2):223-240.
    Two experiments investigate two versions of Aristotle’s Thesis for the first time. Aristotle’s Thesis is a negated conditional, which consists of one propositional variable with a negation either in the antecedent or in the consequent. This task allows us to infer if people interpret indicative conditionals as material conditionals or as conditional events. In the first experiment I investigate between-participants the two versions of Aristotle’s Thesis crossed with abstract versus concrete task material. The modal response for all four groups is (...)
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  23.  46
    The Concept of 'Psychologism' in Frege and Husserl.Jitendra Nath Mohanty - 1997 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 30 (3):271 - 290.
  24.  2
    Big Biology: Supersizing Science During the Emergence of the 21st Century.Niki Vermeulen - 2016 - NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin 24 (2):195-223.
    ZusammenfassungIst Biologie das jüngste Mitglied in der Familie von Big Science? Die vermehrte Zusammenarbeit in der biologischen Forschung wurde in der Folge des Human Genome Project zwar zum Gegenstand hitziger Diskussionen, aber Debatten und Reflexionen blieben meist im Polemischen verhaftet und zeigten eine begrenzte Wertschätzung für die Vielfalt und Erklärungskraft des Konzepts von Big Science. Zur gleichen Zeit haben Wissenschafts- und Technikforscher/innen in ihren Beschreibungen des Wandels der Forschungslandschaft die Verwendung des Begriffs Big Science gemieden. Dieser interdisziplinäre Artikel kombiniert eine (...)
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  25. Kundakunda Kā Pañcāstikāyaḥ: Jaina-Cintana Meṃ Paramparā Aura Prayoga.Jitendra Kumāra - 2005 - Yaśa Pablikeśansa.
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  26. Jitendra Nath Mohanty, Reason and Tradition in Indian Thought: An Essay on the Nature of Indian Philosophical Thinking Reviewed By.Norm Gall - 1995 - Philosophy in Review 15 (2):127-128.
     
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  27.  18
    Formation of Stakeholder Trust in Business and the Role of Personal Values.Michael Pirson, Kirsten Martin & Bidhan Parmar - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (1):1-20.
    Declining levels of stakeholder trust in business are of concern to business executives and scholars for legitimacy- and performance-related effects. Research in the area of stakeholder trust in business is nascent; therefore, the trust formation process has been rarely examined at the stakeholder level. Furthermore, the role of personal values as one significant influence in trust formation has been under-researched. In this paper, we develop a contingency model for stakeholder trust formation based on the effects of stakeholder-specific vulnerability and personal (...)
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  28. The Conditional in Mental Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter - 2010 - In M. Oaksford & N. Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thought. Oxford University Press. pp. 153--173.
    The present chapter describes a probabilistic framework of human reasoning. It is based on probability logic. While there are several approaches to probability logic, we adopt the coherence based approach.
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  29.  16
    The Neuroscience Global Village.Jitendra Kumar Sinha, Shampa Ghosh & Manchala Raghunath - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (1):7-9.
  30.  7
    Self-Perceived Quality of Life and Absence From Work Due to Health Problems of Nurses in a Greek Hospital.Niki Pavlatou, Michalis Koutzoglou, Dimitris E. Papageorgiou, Georgios N. Panagopoulos, Vasilios Igoumenou, Andreas F. Mavrogenis & Kostas Athanasakis - 2015 - Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine: An International Journal 6 (3-4):173-185.
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  31. Coherence and Nonmonotonicity in Human Reasoning.Niki Pfeifer & Gernot D. Kleiter - 2005 - Synthese 146 (1-2):93-109.
    Nonmonotonic reasoning is often claimed to mimic human common sense reasoning. Only a few studies, though, have investigated this claim empirically. We report four experiments which investigate three rules of SYSTEMP, namely the AND, the LEFT LOGICAL EQUIVALENCE, and the OR rule. The actual inferences of the subjects are compared with the coherent normative upper and lower probability bounds derived from a non-infinitesimal probability semantics of SYSTEM P. We found a relatively good agreement of human reasoning and principles of nonmonotonic (...)
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  32. Inference in Conditional Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter - 2006 - Kybernetika 42 (2):391--404.
    An important field of probability logic is the investigation of inference rules that propagate point probabilities or, more generally, interval probabilities from premises to conclusions. Conditional probability logic (CPL) interprets the common sense expressions of the form “if . . . , then . . . ” by conditional probabilities and not by the probability of the material implication. An inference rule is probabilistically informative if the coherent probability interval of its conclusion is not necessarily equal to the unit interval (...)
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  33. Formal Epistemology and the New Paradigm Psychology of Reasoning.Niki Pfeifer & Igor Douven - 2014 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 5 (2):199-221.
    This position paper advocates combining formal epistemology and the new paradigm psychology of reasoning in the studies of conditionals and reasoning with uncertainty. The new paradigm psychology of reasoning is characterized by the use of probability theory as a rationality framework instead of classical logic, used by more traditional approaches to the psychology of reasoning. This paper presents a new interdisciplinary research program which involves both formal and experimental work. To illustrate the program, the paper discusses recent work on the (...)
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  34.  8
    Practicing Human Dignity: Ethical Lessons From Commedia Dell’Arte and Theater.Leonardo Colle, Bidhan Parmar, R. Freeman & Simone Colle - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 144 (2):251-262.
    The paper considers two main cases of how the creative arts can inform a greater appreciation of human dignity. The first case explores a form of theater, Commedia dell’Arte that has deep roots in Italian culture. The second recounts a set of theater exercises done with very minimal direction or self-direction in executive education and MBA courses at the Darden School, University of Virginia, in the United States. In both cases we highlight how the creative arts can be important for (...)
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  35. Uncertain Deductive Reasoning.Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter - 2011 - In K. Manktelow, D. E. Over & S. Elqayam (eds.), The Science of Reason: A Festschrift for Jonathan St B.T. Evans. Psychology Press. pp. 145--166.
    Probabilistic models have started to replace classical logic as the standard reference paradigm in human deductive reasoning. Mental probability logic emphasizes general principles where human reasoning deviates from classical logic, but agrees with a probabilistic approach (like nonmonotonicity or the conditional event interpretation of conditionals). -/- This contribution consists of two parts. In the first part we discuss general features of reasoning systems including consequence relations, how uncertainty may enter argument forms, probability intervals, and probabilistic informativeness. These concepts are of (...)
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  36.  80
    Spiraling Down Into Corruption: A Dynamic Analysis of the Social Identity Processes That Cause Corruption in Organizations to Grow. [REVIEW]Niki A. den Nieuwenboer & Muel Kaptein - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (2):133-146.
    To date, theory and research on corruption in organizations have primarily focused on its static antecedents. This article focuses on the spread and growth of corruption in organizations. For this purpose, three downward organizational spirals are formulated: the spiral of divergent norms, the spiral of pressure, and the spiral of opportunity. Social Identity Theory is used to explain the mechanisms of each of these spirals. Our dynamic perspective contributes to a greater understanding of the development of corruption in organizations and (...)
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  37.  44
    Transitivity in Coherence-Based Probability Logic.Angelo Gilio, Niki Pfeifer & Giuseppe Sanfilippo - 2016 - Journal of Applied Logic 14:46-64.
    We study probabilistically informative (weak) versions of transitivity by using suitable definitions of defaults and negated defaults in the setting of coherence and imprecise probabilities. We represent p-consistent sequences of defaults and/or negated defaults by g-coherent imprecise probability assessments on the respective sequences of conditional events. Moreover, we prove the coherent probability propagation rules for Weak Transitivity and the validity of selected inference patterns by proving p-entailment of the associated knowledge bases. Finally, we apply our results to study selected probabilistic (...)
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  38. J. N. Mohanty Essays on Indian Philosophy Traditional and Modern, Edited with Introduction by Purushottama Bilimoria.Jitendra Nath Mohanty - 2002 - New Delhi/New York: Oxford University Press (Global Paperback).
    Selected from the works of J. N. Mohanty over a forty-year period, these essays provide an intellectual biography of the man and insights into Eastern philosophy. Part I brings together various writings on problems in metaphysics, epistemology, and language, alongwith thoughtful treatments of notions such as experience, self consciousness, doubt, tradition, and modernity. Part II collects essays written during the exciting though turbulent years following India's independence, and they survey issues in social ethics, reform activities, and religion in the works (...)
     
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  39.  4
    Role of Frontal Functions in Executing Routine Sequential Tasks.Chiharu Niki, Takatsune Kumada, Takashi Maruyama, Manabu Tamura & Yoshihiro Muragaki - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  40.  17
    The Concept of Intentionality.Jitendra Nath Mohanty - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (4):582-584.
  41. Jitendra Nath Mohanty's "The Concept of Intentionality". [REVIEW]Fred Kersten - 1973 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (4):582.
     
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  42.  18
    Niki Goes to School: Autonomy, Control, and Psychiatric Hospitalization.Gerald P. Koocher - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior.
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  43. Why Do Participants Draw Non-Valid Inferences in Conditional Reasoning?Niki Verschueren, Walter Schroyens, Walter Schaeken & Géry D’Ydewalle - 2001 - Cognition 16:238-246.
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  44.  9
    Teledentistry in India: Time to Deliver.Jitendra Rao, Kalpana Singh, Gaurav Chandra & Kirti Gupta - 2012 - Journal of Education and Ethics in Dentistry 2 (2):61.
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  45.  3
    Probabilistic Inferences From Conjoined to Iterated Conditionals.Giuseppe Sanfilippo, Niki Pfeifer, D. E. Over & A. Gilio - 2018 - International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 93:103-118.
    There is wide support in logic, philosophy, and psychology for the hypothesis that the probability of the indicative conditional of natural language, P(if A then B), is the conditional probability of B given A, P(B|A). We identify a conditional which is such that P(if A then B)=P(B|A) with de Finetti's conditional event, B|A. An objection to making this identification in the past was that it appeared unclear how to form compounds and iterations of conditional events. In this paper, we illustrate (...)
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  46. Towards a Mental Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & G. D. Kleiter - 2005 - Psychologica Belgica 45 (1):71--99.
    We propose probability logic as an appropriate standard of reference for evaluating human inferences. Probability logical accounts of nonmonotonic reasoning with system p, and conditional syllogisms (modus ponens, etc.) are explored. Furthermore, we present categorical syllogisms with intermediate quantifiers, like the “most . . . ” quantifier. While most of the paper is theoretical and intended to stimulate psychological studies, we summarize our empirical studies on human nonmonotonic reasoning.
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  47.  3
    Centering and Compound Conditionals Under Coherence.A. Gilio, Niki Pfeifer & Giuseppe Sanfilippo - 2017 - In M. B. Ferraro, P. Giordani, B. Vantaggi, M. Gagolewski, Gilgameshgodman Gilgameshgodman, P. Grzegorzewski & O. Hryniewicz (eds.), Soft Methods for Data Science. Cham, Switzerland: pp. 253-260.
    There is wide support in logic, philosophy, and psychology for the hypothesis that the probability of the indicative conditional of natural language, P(if A then B), is the conditional probability of B given A, P(B|A). We identify a conditional which is such that P(if A then B)=P(B|A) with de Finetti’s conditional event, B | A. An objection to making this identification in the past was that it appeared unclear how to form compounds and iterations of conditional events. In this paper, (...)
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  48. Riyāżī's Teẕkire as a Source of Information on Ottoman PoetsRiyazi's Tezkire as a Source of Information on Ottoman Poets.Niki Gamm - 1979 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 99 (4):643.
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  49. The Conditional in Mental Probability Logic.Niki Pfeifer & Kleiter & Gernot - 2010 - In Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.), Cognition and Conditionals: Probability and Logic in Human Thinking. Oxford University Press.
  50.  17
    Relations Among Perceived Intimate Partner Acceptance, Remembered Parental Acceptance, and Psychological Adjustment Among Young Adults in India.Parminder Parmar & Ronald P. Rohner - 2005 - Ethos: Journal of the Society for Psychological Anthropology 33 (3):402-413.
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