Results for 'Niina Niemi'

44 found
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  1. Empowering Coffee Traders? The Coffee Value Chain From Nicaraguan Fair Trade Farmers to Finnish Consumers.Joni Valkila, Pertti Haaparanta & Niina Niemi - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 97 (2):257 - 270.
    This article analyzes the distribution of benefits from Fair Trade between producing and consuming countries. Fair Trade and conventional coffee production and trade were examined in Nicaragua in 2005-2006 and 2008. Consumption of the respective coffees was assessed in Finland in 2006-2009. The results indicate that consumers paid considerably more for Fair Trade-certified coffee than for the other alternatives available. Although Fair Trade provided price premiums to producer organizations, a larger share of the retail prices remained in the consuming country (...)
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  2.  14
    Orthographic Learning, Fast and Slow: Lexical Competition Effects Reveal the Time Course of Word Learning in Developing Readers.Niina Tamura, Anne Castles & Kate Nation - 2017 - Cognition 163 (C):93-102.
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  3.  10
    Planning Focus Group Interviews with Asylum Seekers: Factors Related to the Researcher, Interpreter and Asylum Seekers.Niina Eklöf, Maija Hupli & Helena Leino-Kilpi - 2017 - Nursing Inquiry 24 (4):e12192.
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  4. Book Review: Sex Work, Immigration and Social Difference by Julie Ham. [REVIEW]Niina Vuolajärvi - 2018 - Gender and Society 32 (5):739-741.
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  5.  94
    A Counterfactual Explanation for the Action Effect in Causal Judgment.Paul Henne, Laura Niemi, Ángel Pinillos, Felipe De Brigard & Joshua Knobe - 2019 - Cognition 190 (C):157-164.
    People’s causal judgments are susceptible to the action effect, whereby they judge actions to be more causal than inactions. We offer a new explanation for this effect, the counterfactual explanation: people judge actions to be more causal than inactions because they are more inclined to consider the counterfactual alternatives to actions than to consider counterfactual alternatives to inactions. Experiment 1a conceptually replicates the original action effect for causal judgments. Experiment 1b confirms a novel prediction of the new explanation, the reverse (...)
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  6.  1
    The Meaning of Life Among Secondary School Pupils: A Theoretical Framework and Some Initial Results.Hannele Niemi - 1987 - Dept. Of Education, University of Helsinki.
    This monograph reports on an empirical survey of 394 secondary school students investigating their desire to seek the meaning of their own lives. The theoretical framework upon which the study was based is that of Viktor E. Frankl's hypotheses that a human being wants to seek the meaning in his own life. The questionnaire consisted of tests measuring pupils' concepts of their own life's purposes, significance, and meaningfulness. Questions dealt with values and attitudes toward existential questions. Pupils could also evaluate (...)
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  7.  21
    Review of “Michel Foucault”. [REVIEW]Jari I. Niemi - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (1):29.
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  8.  27
    Mind Before Matter?Geoffrey Underwood & Pekka Niemi - 1985 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 8 (4):554-555.
  9.  11
    Do Arguments Against Self-Ownership Imply Anything Regarding the Equalisandum Debate?Jari Niemi - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:67-81.
    In this paper I pursue a possibility that some versions of arguments addressed against the libertarian notion of self-ownership have some definitive implications regarding the equalisandum debate carried out by egalitarians. I have in mind specifically the kind of approach that challenges self-ownership as a morally fundamental value through some inventive counterexamples. So, while I shall argue that the negative arguments against self-ownership are conclusive, my primary attempt is to demonstrate that such arguments can be employed to say something interesting (...)
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  10.  4
    It's Not the Flu: Popular Perceptions of the Impact of COVID-19 in the U.S.Laura Niemi, Kevin M. Kniffin & John M. Doris - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    Messaging from U.S. authorities about COVID-19 has been widely divergent. This research aims to clarify popular perceptions of the COVID-19 threat and its effects on victims. In four studies with over 4,100 U.S. participants, we consistently found that people perceive the threat of COVID-19 to be substantially greater than that of several other causes of death to which it has recently been compared, including the seasonal flu and automobile accidents. Participants were less willing to help COVID-19 victims, who they considered (...)
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  11.  11
    Moral Values Reveal the Causality Implicit in Verb Meaning.Laura Niemi, Joshua Hartshorne, Tobias Gerstenberg, Matthew Stanley & Liane Young - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (6).
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  12.  9
    Ethics in the Software Development Process: From Codes of Conduct to Ethical Deliberation.Jan Gogoll, Niina Zuber, Severin Kacianka, Timo Greger, Alexander Pretschner & Julian Nida-Rümelin - 2021 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (4):1085-1108.
    Software systems play an ever more important role in our lives and software engineers and their companies find themselves in a position where they are held responsible for ethical issues that may arise. In this paper, we try to disentangle ethical considerations that can be performed at the level of the software engineer from those that belong in the wider domain of business ethics. The handling of ethical problems that fall into the responsibility of the engineer has traditionally been addressed (...)
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  13.  18
    Making Moral Principles Suit Yourself.Matthew Stanley, Paul Henne, Laura Niemi, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Felipe De Brigard - 2021 - Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 1.
    Normative ethical theories and religious traditions offer general moral principles for people to follow. These moral principles are typically meant to be fixed and rigid, offering reliable guides for moral judgment and decision-making. In two preregistered studies, we found consistent evidence that agreement with general moral principles shifted depending upon events recently accessed in memory. After recalling their own personal violations of moral principles, participants agreed less strongly with those very principles—relative to participants who recalled events in which other people (...)
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  14. Money Talks: Customer-Initiated Price Negotiation in Business-to-Business Sales Interaction.Linda Hirvonen & Jarkko Niemi - 2019 - Discourse and Communication 13 (1):95-118.
    This article provides an in-depth analysis of a conversational exchange initiated by a customer’s price question in real-life business-to-business sales encounters. The analysis focusses on when the customer requests a price, what that implies as well as how the price discussion is conducted. Marketing literature usually considers product/service price to be an obstacle that the salesperson needs to overcome; we demonstrate that the price question is a positive signal for the salesperson. By requesting the price, the customer claims sufficient understanding (...)
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  15.  23
    Six Challenges for Ethical Conduct in Science.Petteri Niemi - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (4):1007-1025.
    The realities of human agency and decision making pose serious challenges for research ethics. This article explores six major challenges that require more attention in the ethics education of students and scientists and in the research on ethical conduct in science. The first of them is the routinization of action, which makes the detection of ethical issues difficult. The social governance of action creates ethical problems related to power. The heuristic nature of human decision making implies the risk of ethical (...)
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  16.  42
    The Foundations of Jürgen Habermas’s Discourse Ethics.Jari Ilmari Niemi - 2008 - Journal of Value Inquiry 42 (2):255-268.
  17.  1
    Collocations and Idioms 1: Papers From the First Nordic Conference on Syntactic Freezes, Joensuu, May 19-20, 2006.Marja Nenonen & Sinikka Niemi (eds.) - 2007 - Joensuun Yliopisto.
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  18.  34
    Film as Religious Experience: Myths and Models in Mass Entertainment.Alison Niemi - 2003 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 15 (3-4):435-446.
    Abstract Popular film has become a significant venue for meaning?making in modern society. Like religion, film provides models for understanding and behaving within the social world. Like religion, film reinforces this content through emotional resonance. Myths slip under a viewer's intellectual defenses in the non?threatening guise of entertainment. In a mainstream culture skeptical of religion, film presents an alternative mechanism for the transmission and processing of ?religious? ideas and ideals.
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  19.  38
    Sophisticated Voting Under the Plurality Procedure: A Test of a New Definition. [REVIEW]Richard G. Niemi & Arthur Q. Frank - 1985 - Theory and Decision 19 (2):151-162.
  20.  15
    Partisan Mathematical Processing of Political Polling Statistics: It’s the Expectations That Count.Laura Niemi, Mackenna Woodring, Liane Young & Sara Cordes - 2019 - Cognition 186:95-107.
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  21.  43
    Form and Substance in Legal Reasoning: Two Conceptions.Matti Ilmari Niemi - 2010 - Ratio Juris 23 (4):479-492.
    There are two possible ways to understand form and substance in legal reasoning. The first refers to the distinction between concepts and their applications, whereas the second concentrates on the difference between authoritative and non-authoritative reasons. These approaches refer to the formalistic and positivistic conceptions of the law, the latter being the author's point of departure. Nevertheless, they are both helpful means of analysis in legal interpretation. Interpretation is divided into formal and substantive justification. They have certain functions and they (...)
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  22.  38
    Jürgen Habermas’s Theory of Communicative Rationality: The Foundational Distinction Between Communicative and Strategic Action.Jari I. Niemi - 2005 - Social Theory and Practice 31 (4):513-532.
  23.  12
    Acknowledging and Managing Deep Constraints on Moral Agency and the Self.Laura Niemi & Jesse Graham - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  24.  29
    Facts, Fictions or Reasoning. Law as the Subject Matter of Jurisprudence.Matti Ilmari Niemi - 2003 - Ratio Juris 16 (1):1-13.
    This paper deals with the problems involved in the concept of knowledge in the sphere of law. Traditionally, the idea of knowledge has dealt with the presumption of given objects of information. According to this approach, knowing means finding these objects. This is the natural and understandable foundation of metaphysical or philosophical realism. Cognition and cognitive interest are directed outside the sentences by which they are described. This is the point of departure of legal positivism as well. However, it is (...)
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  25.  23
    Do Arguments Against Self-Ownership Imply Anything Regarding the Equalisandum Debate?Jari Niemi - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:67-81.
    In this paper I pursue a possibility that some versions of arguments addressed against the libertarian notion of self-ownership have some definitive implications regarding the equalisandum debate carried out by egalitarians. I have in mind specifically the kind of approach that challenges self-ownership as a morally fundamental value through some inventive counterexamples. So, while I shall argue that the negative arguments against self-ownership are conclusive, my primary attempt is to demonstrate that such arguments can be employed to say something interesting (...)
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  26.  14
    Anomalous Transfer in Rats: A “Macropattern” Phenomenon.P. C. Dodwell, R. R. Niemi & H. B. Ferguson - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (2):157-159.
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  27.  34
    Habermas and Validity Claims.Jari I. Niemi - 2005 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 13 (2):227 – 244.
    At the heart of Jürgen Habermas's explication of communicative rationality is the contention that all speech acts oriented to understanding raise three different kinds of validity claims simultaneously: claims to truth, truthfulness, and normative rightness. This paper argues that Habermas presents exactly three distinct, logically independent arguments for his simultaneity thesis: an argument from structure; an argument from criticizability/rejectability; and an argument from understanding/reaching understanding. It is further maintained that the simultaneity thesis receives cogent support only from the Argument from (...)
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  28.  3
    ‘Cheaters and Stalkers’: Accusations in a Classroom.Amanda Bateman & Kreeta Niemi - 2015 - Discourse Studies 17 (1):83-98.
    This article explores accusations as collaboratively accomplished in classroom peer interactions in the absence of a teacher. The analysis shows how the children use local classroom rules and teacher authority as resources and warrants to invoke multi-layered moral orders and identities, and hold one child accountable through accusations about their behavior. The accused children are categorized in a duplicative way with morally degrading descriptions and as out-group members. This article argues that understanding children’s accusations requires understanding of how such interactions (...)
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  29.  42
    On the Existence of a Modal Antinomy.Gunnar Niemi - 1972 - Synthese 23 (4):463 - 476.
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  30.  2
    Review of Michel Foucault, by Barry Smart. [REVIEW]Jari I. Niemi - 2004 - Essays in Philosophy 5 (1):205-208.
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  31.  6
    Phronesis and Forensics.Matti Ilmari Niemi - 2000 - Ratio Juris 13 (4):392-404.
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  32.  1
    The Meaning(s) of Structural Rationality.Rebecca Gutwald & Niina Zuber - 2018 - ProtoSociology 35:314-321.
    Julian Nida-Rümelin’s philosophical approach to rationality is radical: It transcends the reductive narrowness of instrumental rationality without denying its practical impact. Actions exist which are carried out in accordance to utility maximizing or even self-interest maximizing. Yet not all actions are to be understood in these terms. Actions that are oriented around social roles, for example, cannot count as irrational just because no underlying maximizing heuristics are found. The concept of bounded rationality tries to embed instrumental rationality into a form (...)
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  33. Longitudinal Effects of the Home Learning Environment and Parental Difficulties on Reading and Math Development Across Grades 1–9.Daria Khanolainen, Maria Psyridou, Gintautas Silinskas, Marja-Kristiina Lerkkanen, Pekka Niemi, Anna-Maija Poikkeus & Minna Torppa - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  34.  36
    Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of Early Visual Cortex Interferes with Subjective Visual Awareness and Objective Forced-Choice Performance.Mika Koivisto, Henry Railo & Niina Salminen-Vaparanta - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (2):288-298.
    In order to study whether there exist a period of activity in the human early visual cortex that contributes exclusively to visual awareness, we applied transcranial magnetic stimulation over the early visual cortex and measured subjective visual awareness during visual forced-choice symbol or orientation discrimination tasks. TMS produced one dip in awareness 60–120 ms after stimulus onset, while forced-choice orientation discrimination was suppressed between 60 and 90 ms and symbol discrimination between 60 and 120 ms. Thus, a time window specific (...)
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  35.  5
    Infantologies. An EPAT Collective Writing Project.Michael A. Peters, E. Jayne White, Marek Tesar, Andrew Gibbons, Sonja Arndt, Niina Rutanen, Sheila Degotardi, Andi Salamon, Kim Browne, Bridgette Redder, Jennifer Charteris, Kiri Gould, Alison Warren, Andrea Delaune, Olivera Kamenarac, Nina Hood & Sean Sturm - forthcoming - Educational Philosophy and Theory:1-19.
    Infantologies is a collective writing project designed to express and summarise important ideas, approaches and forms of advocacy in a short and condensed method, in order to present a network of d...
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  36.  9
    Cascaded Processing in Written Compound Word Production.Raymond Bertram, Finn Egil Tønnessen, Sven Strömqvist, Jukka Hyönä & Pekka Niemi - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  37.  10
    Personhood – Workshop Papers of the Conference ‘Dimensions of Personhood’.Heikki Ikäheimo, Jussi Kotkavirta, Arto Laitinen, Pessi Lyyra & Petteri Niemi (eds.) - 2004 - University of Jyväskylä, Publications in Philosophy.
    This volume contains the workshop papers of the philosophical conference Dimensions of Personhood held in August 13-15, 2004 at University of Jyväskylä, Finland. The conference was organized by the Finnish Academy research project The Concept of Person. In the call for papers, the theme of the conference was formulated as follows. Recent developments in neuroscience and information technology, in medicine and biotechnology, and in society and culture more broadly have made various questions concerning our identity as human beings urgent. As (...)
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  38. Kevaet Nousiainen, Aasa Gunnarsson, Karin Lundstroem and Johanna Niemi-Kiesilaeinen(Eds.), Aldershot/Burlington USA/Singapore/Sydney: Ashgate Dartmouth, 2001.Soile Pohjonen - 2003 - Feminist Legal Studies 11 (3):319-321.
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  39.  6
    Anomalous Transfer in Rats: Pattern Element Separation and Discriminability.P. C. Dodwell, H. B. Ferguson & R. R. Niemi - 1976 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (2):154-156.
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  40.  21
    Sisäisyys Ja Suunnistautuminen. Inwardness and Orientation. A Festchrift to Jussi Kotkavirta.Arto Laitinen, Jussi Saarinen, Heikki Ikäheimo, Pessi Lyyra & Petteri Niemi (eds.) - 2014 - SoPhi.
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  41.  22
    Book Review: Eva-Maria Svensson, Anu Pylkkänen and Johanna Niemi-Kiesiläinen (Eds.), Aldershot and Burlington: Ashgate, 2004, 249 Pp.,£ 55, ISBN 0 7546 2408 0. [REVIEW]Heli Askola - 2005 - Feminist Legal Studies 13 (2):269-271.
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  42.  13
    Kevät Nousiainen, Åsa Gunnarsson, Karin Lundström and Johanna Niemi-Kiesiläinen , Responsible Selves, Women in the Nordic Legal Culture, Aldershot/Burlington USA/Singapore/Sydney: Ashgate Dartmouth, 2001.Rosemary Auchmuty - 2003 - Feminist Legal Studies 11 (3):319-321.
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  43.  16
    Book Review: Eva-Maria Svensson, Anu Pylkkänen and Johanna Niemi-Kiesiläinen (Eds.), Nordic Equality at a Crossroads: Feminist Legal Studies Coping with Difference, Aldershot and Burlington: Ashgate, 2004, 249 Pp., £ 55, ISBN 0 7546 2408 0. [REVIEW]Heli Askola - 2005 - Feminist Legal Studies 13 (2):269-271.
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  44.  16
    Kevät Nousiainen, Åsa Gunnarsson, Karin Lundström and Johanna Niemi-Kiesiläinen ,Responsible Selves, Women in the Nordic Legal Culture, Aldershot/Burlington USA/Singapore/Sydney: Ashgate Dartmouth, 2001.Soile Pohjonen - 2003 - Feminist Legal Studies 11 (3):319-321.