Results for 'Niek Strohmaier'

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Niek Strohmaier
Leiden University
  1.  17
    Bypassing the Gatekeeper: Incidental Negative Cues Stimulate Choices with Negative Outcomes.Niek Strohmaier & Harm Veling - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):1059-1066.
    ABSTRACTThe Theory of Event Coding predicts that exposure to affective cues can automatically trigger affectively congruent behaviour due to shared representational codes. An intriguing hypothesis from this theory is that exposure to aversive cues can automatically trigger actions that have previously been learned to result in aversive outcomes. Previous work has indeed found such a compatibility effect on reaction times in forced-choice tasks, but not for action selection in free-choice tasks. Failure to observe this compatibility effect for aversive cues in (...)
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  2.  88
    Are There Cross-Cultural Legal Principles? Modal Reasoning Uncovers Procedural Constraints on Law.Ivar R. Hannikainen, Kevin P. Tobia, Guilherme da F. C. F. De Almeida, Raff Donelson, Vilius Dranseika, Markus Kneer, Niek Strohmaier, Piotr Bystranowski, Kristina Dolinina, Bartosz Janik, Sothie Keo, Eglė Lauraitytė, Alice Liefgreen, Maciej Próchnicki, Alejandro Rosas & Noel Struchiner - 2021 - Cognitive Science 45 (8):e13024.
    Despite pervasive variation in the content of laws, legal theorists and anthropologists have argued that laws share certain abstract features and even speculated that law may be a human universal. In the present report, we evaluate this thesis through an experiment administered in 11 different countries. Are there cross-cultural principles of law? In a between-subjects design, participants (N = 3,054) were asked whether there could be laws that violate certain procedural principles (e.g., laws applied retrospectively or unintelligible laws), and also (...)
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  3.  37
    Embodiment and Fundamental Motor Skills in eSports.Ivo van Hilvoorde & Niek Pot - 2016 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (1):14-27.
    Electronic sports and other variants of ‘digital sports’ have increased in popularity all over the world and may even come to challenge hegemonic concepts of sport. More relevant than the apparent opposition between ‘physical’ and ‘non-physical’ is the question what kind of embodiment is manifested within virtual environments. In this paper, we argue that eSports do require the learning and performance of motor skills and that embodiment within a virtual environment may be considered playful or even athletic. The type of (...)
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  4.  82
    Two theories of group agency.David Strohmaier - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (7):1901-1918.
    Two theories dominate the current debate on group agency: functionalism, as endorsed by Bryce Huebner and Brian Epstein, and interpretivism, as defended by Deborah Tollefsen, and Christian List and Philip Pettit. In this paper, I will give a new argument to favour functionalism over interpretivism. I discuss a class of cases which the former, but not the latter, can accommodate. Two features characterise this class: First, distinct groups coincide, that is numerically distinct groups share all their members at all time. (...)
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  5.  51
    Organisations as Computing Systems.David Strohmaier - 2021 - Journal of Social Ontology 6 (2):211-236.
    Organisations are computing systems. The university’s sports centre is a computing system for managing sports teams and facilities. The tenure committee is a computing system for assigning tenure status. Despite an increasing number of publications in group ontology, the computational nature of organisations has not been recognised. The present paper is the first in this debate to propose a theory of organisations as groups structured for computing. I begin by describing the current situation in group ontology and by spelling out (...)
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  6. Voortmodderen of overdragen?Niek Biegman, Lanrens Jan Brink & Michel Groot LOrsl - forthcoming - Idee.
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  7.  11
    (G.) Strohmaier Hellas Im Islam. Interdisziplinäre Studien Zur Ikonographie, Wissenschaft Und Religionsgeschichte. (Diskurse der Arabistik 6). Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2003. Pp. Viii + 258. €98. 3447046376.(N.M.) El Cheikh. Byzantium Viewed by the Arabs. (Harvard Middle Eastern Monographs 36). Cambridge, MA and London: Harvard UP, 2004. Pp. Xiv + 271. £12.95. 0932885306. [REVIEW]Alexander Treiger - 2006 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 126:219-221.
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  8.  25
    Threescore and Ten: Fire, Place, and Loss in the West.David Strohmaier - 2003 - Ethics and the Environment 8 (2):31 - 41.
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  9.  52
    Group Membership and Parthood.David Strohmaier - 2018 - Journal of Social Ontology 4 (2):121-135.
    Despite having faced severe criticism in the past, mereological approaches to group ontology, which argue that groups are wholes and that groups members are parts, have recently managed a comeback. Authors such as Katherine Ritchie and Paul Sheehy have applied neo-Aristotelian mereology to groups, and Katherine Hawley has defended mereological approaches against the standard objections in the literature. The present paper develops the mereological approaches to group ontology further and proposes an analysis of group membership as parthood plus further restrictions. (...)
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  10.  36
    Witchcraft Beliefs and Witch Hunts.Niek Koning - 2013 - Human Nature 24 (2):158-181.
    This paper proposes an interdisciplinary explanation of the cross-cultural similarities and evolutionary patterns of witchcraft beliefs. It argues that human social dilemmas have led to the evolution of a fear system that is sensitive to signs of deceit and envy. This was adapted in the evolutionary environment of small foraging bands but became overstimulated by the consequences of the Agricultural Revolution, leading to witch paranoia. State formation, civilization, and economic development abated the fear of witches and replaced it in part (...)
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  11. Convince Yourself to Do the Right Thing: The Effects of Provided Versus Self-Generated Arguments on Rule Compliance and Perceived Importance of Socially Desirable Behavior.Nieke Lemmen, Kees Keizer, Thijs Bouman & Linda Steg - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    One way to enhance rule compliance is to provide people with arguments explaining why the desired behavior is important. We argue that there might be another, potentially more effective way to enhance rule compliance: ask people to generate arguments in favor of the rule themselves, which can trigger a process of self-persuasion. We compared the effects of providing arguments, asking respondents to generate arguments themselves, and a combination of both approaches on rule compliance and the perceived importance of the rule. (...)
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  12. When You Choose but Not Lose: Decreasing People’s Desire for Options on Technological Appliances.Nieke Lemmen, Thijs Bouman & Linda Steg - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    The appliances people adopt, and the way they use them, can critically influence the sustainable energy transition. People are often attracted to appliances with many setting options that offer them more control. Yet, operating many setting options can have negative consequences for users and the management of sustainable energy systems, which may obstruct sustainability goals. We aim to study how to reduce the preference for many setting options without reducing the perceived attractiveness of the appliance. In line with our theorizing (...)
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  13.  9
    Gotthard Strohmaier. Avicenna. 183 Pp., Illus., Apps., Bibl., Index. Munich: Verlag C. H. Beck, 1999. €12.50.Amos Bertolacci - 2005 - Isis 96 (4):649-649.
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  14.  12
    Social-Computation-Supporting Kinds.David Strohmaier - 2020 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 50 (7):862-877.
    Social kinds are heterogeneous. As a consequence of this diversity, some authors have sought to identify and analyse different kinds of social kinds. One distinct kind of social kinds, however, has not yet received sufficient attention. I propose that there exists a class of social-computation-supporting kinds, or SCS-kinds for short. These SCS-kinds are united by the function of enabling computations implemented by social groups. Examples of such SCS-kinds arereimbursement form,US dollar bill,chair of the board. I will analyse SCS-kinds, contrast my (...)
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  15.  1
    Morisprudence: A Theoretical Framework for Studying the Relationship Linking Moral Case Deliberation, Organisational Learning and Quality Improvement.Niek Kok, Marieke Zegers, Hans van der Hoeven, Cornelia Hoedemaekers & Jelle van Gurp - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics:medethics-2021-107943.
    There is a claim that clinical ethics support services improve healthcare quality within healthcare organisations. However, there is lack of strong evidence supporting this claim. Rather, the current focus is on the quality of CESS themselves or on individual learning outcomes. In response, this article proposes a theoretical framework leading to empirical hypotheses that describe the relationship between a specific type of CESS, moral case deliberation and the quality of care at the organisational level. We combine insights from the literature (...)
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  16.  80
    Embodiment and Fundamental Motor Skills in eSports.Ivo van Hilvoorde & Niek Pot - 2016 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (1):14-27.
    Electronic sports and other variants of ‘digital sports’ have increased in popularity all over the world and may even come to challenge hegemonic concepts of sport. More relevant than the apparent opposition between ‘physical’ and ‘non-physical’ is the question what kind of embodiment is manifested within virtual environments. In this paper, we argue that eSports do require the learning and performance of motor skills and that embodiment within a virtual environment may be considered playful or even athletic. The type of (...)
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  17.  68
    Sumerian Proverbs in Their Curricular ContextProverbs of Ancient Sumer: The World's Earliest Proverb Collections.Niek Veldhuis & Bendt Alster - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (3):383.
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  18.  56
    On the Curriculum of the Neo-Babylonian School.Niek Veldhuis - 2003 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 123 (3):627-633.
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  19.  17
    Urnamma of Ur in Sumerian Literary Tradition.Niek Veldhuis & Esther Fluckiger-Hawker - 2002 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 122 (1):127.
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  20.  22
    Choosing for Changing Selves. [REVIEW]David Strohmaier - 2021 - Philosophical Quarterly 71 (3):675-678.
    Choosing for Changing Selves. By Pettigrew, Richard.
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  21.  4
    Editorial: Ten Simple Rules for Building an Enthusiastic iGEM Team.Luis G. Morales, Niek H. A. Savelkoul, Zoë Robaey, Nico J. Claassens, Raymond H. J. Staals & Robert W. Smith - 2022 - PLOS Computational Biology 18.
    Synthetic biology, as a research field, brings together molecular life scientists, computational biologists, and social scientists to engineer biological systems toward societally desired goals. Given the field’s broad multidisciplinarity and relatively young age, innovative educational methods are required to provide students with the needed background knowledge to push the field forward in the future. The international Genetically Engineered Machine competition is such an example where education and high-level research merge, providing the synthetic biology field with trained students, new ideas, and (...)
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  22.  69
    Norbert Paul, Medizinische Wissensbasen. Vom Wissensmodell Zur Repräsentation. Ein Medizintheoretischer Ansatz Zur Modellierung Und Objectorientierten Repräsentation Diagnosebezogene Domänewissens Für Expertensysteme in der Medizin.Annette Kalf & Niek J. E. Wijngaards - 1998 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 19 (2):173-175.
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  23.  10
    Stad En Land in Genesis 10, 1–32 En 11, 1–9: Over de Gevoelsruimte Van de Volkenlijst En Het Torenbouwverhaal.Niek Poulssen - 1989 - Bijdragen 50 (3):263-277.
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  24.  9
    Vluchtwegen in hooglied 8,14.Niek Poulssen - 1989 - Bijdragen 50 (1):72-82.
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  25.  7
    Vluchtwegen in Hooglied 8,14 -Escaperoutes in Song of Songs.Niek Poulssen - 1989 - Bijdragen 50 (1):72-82.
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  26.  3
    Predicting Ethnicity with First Names in Online Social Media Networks.Niek C. de Schipper & Bas Hofstra - 2018 - Big Data and Society 5 (1).
    Social scientists increasingly use social media data to illuminate long-standing substantive questions in social science research. However, a key challenge of analyzing such data is their lower level of individual detail compared to highly detailed survey data. This limits the scope of substantive questions that can be addressed with these data. In this study, we provide a method to upgrade individual detail in terms of ethnicity in data gathered from social media via the use of register data. Our research aim (...)
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  27.  6
    Wijngaard En Tuin: Twee Sporen in 1 Kon. 21, 1–29.Niek Poulssen - 1991 - Bijdragen 52 (4):405-427.
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  28.  5
    Wijngaard En Tuin -Vineyard and Garden.Niek Poulssen - 1991 - Bijdragen 52 (4):405-427.
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  29.  4
    Stad En Land in Genesis 10,1-32 En 11,1-9 -Town and Country in Genesis 10,1-32 and 11,1-9.Niek Poulssen - 1989 - Bijdragen 50 (3):263-277.
  30.  16
    Ontology, Neural Networks, and the Social Sciences.David Strohmaier - 2020 - Synthese 199 (1-2):4775-4794.
    The ontology of social objects and facts remains a field of continued controversy. This situation complicates the life of social scientists who seek to make predictive models of social phenomena. For the purposes of modelling a social phenomenon, we would like to avoid having to make any controversial ontological commitments. The overwhelming majority of models in the social sciences, including statistical models, are built upon ontological assumptions that can be questioned. Recently, however, artificial neural networks have made their way into (...)
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  31.  36
    Decision Theory with a Human Face. [REVIEW]David Strohmaier - 2019 - Philosophical Psychology 32 (3):432-435.
  32.  24
    There Are No Empty Groups.David Strohmaier - manuscript
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  33. SeCoDa: Sense Complexity Dataset.David Strohmaier, Sian Gooding, Shiva Taslimipoor & Ekaterina Kochmar - 2020 - In Proceedings of The 12th Language Resources and Evaluation Conference.
     
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  34.  17
    ,Von Alexandrien nach Bagdad‘ – eine fiktive Schultradition.Gotthard Strohmaier - 1987 - In Vivian Nutton, Jutta Kolesh, H. J. Lulofs & Jürgen Wiesner (eds.), Kommentierung, Überlieferung, Nachleben. De Gruyter. pp. 380-389.
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  35.  9
    Die Macht der „Alten“ in der arabischen Medizin.Gotthard Strohmaier - 2005 - Das Mittelalter 10 (1).
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  36.  1
    Elixir, alquimia y las metamorfosis de dos sinónimos.Gotthard Strohmaier - 2016 - Al-Qantara 37 (2):423.
    La historia de los términos «elixir» y «alquimia» parece paradójica; derivada del griego, la palabra árabe al-iksīr significaba «polvo seco capaz de transformar metales en oro o plata». Siguiendo la evolución de este término en cada una de las lenguas europeas, «elixir» ha llegado a significar «líquido mágico que puede ser ingerido para curar la enfermedad». El segundo término, al-kīmiyāʼ, que, en sus inicios árabes, era casi sinónimo de elixir, tomó un giro diferente y cambió su significado de «sustancia milagrosa» (...)
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  37.  2
    Mobil, taktil und nah am Körper – Über den Gebrauch von Beuteln.Patricia Strohmaier - 2020 - Das Mittelalter 25 (2):271-293.
    Medieval bags or pouches have survived mainly in church treasuries, preserved in reliquaries and altars. Usually made of silk, they vary considerably in form, colour, motif and size. Although most surviving pouches have been interpreted as containers for relics that were safely stored away in church treasuries, the form of a sewn bag was not mandatory for wrapping a relic to be placed inside a reliquary or an altar. Nor were all bags intended for ecclesiastical use, as is evident from (...)
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  38.  6
    Lukian verspottet die urchristliche Glossolalie. Ein rätselhafter Satz in Galens Epidemienkommentaren.Gotthard Strohmaier - 2012 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 156 (1):166-173.
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  39.  5
    Doxographies, Graeco-Arabic.Gotthard Strohmaier - 2011 - In H. Lagerlund (ed.), Encyclopedia of Medieval Philosophy. Springer. pp. 276--279.
  40.  4
    2. Preliminary Remarks on the Syro-Arabic Tradition.Gotthard Strohmaier - 2014 - In Georg Wöhrle (ed.), Thales. De Gruyter. pp. 6-22.
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  41.  30
    Conceptualising and Understanding Artistic Creativity in the Dementias: Interdisciplinary Approaches to Research and Practise.Paul M. Camic, Sebastian J. Crutch, Charlie Murphy, Nicholas C. Firth, Emma Harding, Charles R. Harrison, Susannah Howard, Sarah Strohmaier, Janneke Van Leewen, Julian West, Gill Windle, Selina Wray & Hannah Zeilig - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  42.  51
    Anonymity and Software Agents: An Interdisciplinary Challenge. [REVIEW]Frances Brazier, Anja Oskamp, Corien Prins, Maurice Schellekens & Niek Wijngaards - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):137-157.
    Software agents that play a role in E-commerce and E-government applications involving the Internet often contain information about the identity of their human user such as credit cards and bank accounts. This paper discusses whether this is necessary: whether human users and software agents are allowed to be anonymous under the relevant legal regimes and whether an adequate interaction and balance between law and anonymity can be realised from both the perspective of Computer Systems and the perspective of Law.
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  43.  46
    Die Milesier. Band 1: Thales. Edited by Georg Wöhrle with Contributions by Gotthard Strohmaier.Daniel W. Graham - 2013 - Ancient Philosophy 33 (1):181-185.
  44.  7
    Do New Neuroimaging Findings Challenge the Ethical Basis of Advance Directives in Disorders of Consciousness?Orsolya Friedrich, Andreas Wolkenstein, Ralf J. Jox, Niek Rogger & Claudia Bozzaro - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (4):675-685.
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  45.  9
    Hellas im Islam: Interdisziplinare Studien zur Ikonographie, Wissenschaft und Religionsgeschichte. By Gotthard Strohmaier , 264 pp. Price €98 ISBN 3–774–04637–6. [REVIEW]K. van Bladel - 2005 - Journal of Islamic Studies 16 (3):407-409.
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  46.  50
    Law-Abiding and Integrity on the Internet: A Case for Agents. [REVIEW]Frances Brazier, Anja Oskamp, Corien Prins, Maurice Schellekens & Niek Wijngaards - 2004 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 12 (1-2):5-37.
    Software agents extend the current, information-based Internet to include autonomous mobile processing. In most countries such processes, i.e., software agents are, however, without an explicit legal status. Many of the legal implications of their actions (e.g., gathering information, negotiating terms, performing transactions) are not well understood. One important characteristic of mobile software agents is that they roam the Internet: they often run on agent platforms of others. There often is no pre-existing relation between the owner of a running agents process (...)
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  47.  21
    A Systematic Approach for Uptake of Evidence on Sex‐Specific Issues in Guidelines – a Pilot Study.Debby Keuken, Patrick Bindels, Niek Klazinga & Joke Haafkens - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (2):369-377.
  48.  7
    Information-Based Social Coordination Between Players of Different Skill in Doubles Pong.A. A. M. van Opstal, Niek H. Benerink, Frank T. J. M. Zaal, Remy Casanova & Reinoud J. Bootsma - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  49.  5
    In den Gärten der WissenschaftAl-Bīrūnī Gotthard Strohmaier.E. S. Kennedy - 1989 - Isis 80 (4):690-691.
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  50.  9
    Association Between Individual DASH Tasks and Restricted Wrist Flexion and Extension After Volar Plate Fixation of a Fracture of the Distal Radius.Arjan Gj Bot, J. Sebastiaan Souer, C. Niek van Dijk & David Ring - 2012 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), The Hand. MIT Press. pp. 407-412.
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