Results for 'Nicolas Kervyn'

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  1. Partner choice, fairness, and the extension of morality.Nicolas Baumard, Jean-Baptiste André & Dan Sperber - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):102-122.
    Our discussion of the commentaries begins, at the evolutionary level, with issues raised by our account of the evolution of morality in terms of partner-choice mutualism. We then turn to the cognitive level and the characterization and workings of fairness. In a final section, we discuss the degree to which our fairness-based approach to morality extends to norms that are commonly considered moral even though they are distinct from fairness.
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  2. Inner Virtue.Nicolas Bommarito - 2018 - New York, USA: Oxford University Press.
    What does it mean to be a morally good person? It can be tempting to think that it is simply a matter of performing certain actions and avoiding others. And yet there is much more to moral character than our outward actions. We expect a good person to not only behave in certain ways but also to experience the world in certain ways within.
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  3.  6
    Treatise on Ethics (1684).Nicolas Malebranche - 1993 - Springer Verlag.
    Written seven years after publication of his Search after Truth, Malebranche's Treatise on Ethics develops a detailed, experimental science of ethics in two parts - the ethics of virtue and the ethics of duty.
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  4. Modesty and Humility.Nicolas Bommarito - 2018 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    This article discusses conceptions of modesty and humility and their key features. It gives a brief historical overview of debates about whether or not they’re really virtues at all. It also discusses theories of modesty and humility that root them in the presence or absence of particular beliefs, emotions, desires, and attention. it also discusses related phenomena in epistemology: rational limits on self-ascription of error, attitudes to disagreement, and openness to alternative views.
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  5. ¿ Por qué Leibniz requiere del tiempo absoluto?Nicolás Vaughan - 2007 - Ideas y Valores. Revista Colombiana de Filosofía 56 (134):23-44.
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  6.  53
    The role of attraction in cultural evolution.Nicolas Claidière & Dan Sperber - 2007 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 7 (1-2):89-111.
    Henrich and Boyd (2002) were the first to propose a formal model of the role of attraction in cultural evolution. They came to the surprising conclusion that, when both attraction and selection are at work, final outcomes are determined by selection alone. This result is based on a deterministic view of cultural attraction, different from the probabilistic view introduced in Sperber (1996). We defend this probabilistic view, show how to model it, and argue that, when both attraction and selection are (...)
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  7.  34
    Punishment is not a group adaptation.Nicolas Baumard - 2011 - Mind and Society 10 (1):1-26.
    Punitive behaviours are often assumed to be the result of an instinct for punishment. This instinct would have evolved to punish wrongdoers and it would be the evidence that cooperation has evolved by group selection. Here, I propose an alternative theory according to which punishment is a not an adaptation and that there was no specific selective pressure to inflict costs on wrongdoers in the ancestral environment. In this theory, cooperation evolved through partner choice for mutual advantage. In the ancestral (...)
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  8.  8
    Séparation conjugale, clivage parental et construction identitaire de l’enfant.Nicolas Andrades - 2023 - Dialogue: Families & Couples 241 (3):111-125.
    Les espaces de rencontre enfants/parents (ou erep ) sont des lieux dédiés aux rencontres d’un parent et de son ou ses enfants, dans un contexte de conflit conjugal rendant impossible l’exercice de droits de visite classiques. Ils peuvent être la scène de vécus difficiles pour les enfants concernés. Cet article propose, à travers le récit détaillé puis une lecture interprétative d’une vignette clinique concernant un enfant de 6 ans venant rencontrer son père en erep, la mise en évidence, à l’aide (...)
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  9.  36
    Harmonizing Artificial Intelligence for Social Good.Nicolas Berberich, Toyoaki Nishida & Shoko Suzuki - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 33 (4):613-638.
    To become more broadly applicable, positions on AI ethics require perspectives from non-Western regions and cultures such as China and Japan. In this paper, we propose that the addition of the concept of harmony to the discussion on ethical AI would be highly beneficial due to its centrality in East Asian cultures and its applicability to the challenge of designing AI for social good. We first present a synopsis of different definitions of harmony in multiple contexts, such as music and (...)
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  10.  55
    Partner choice, fairness, and the extension of morality.Nicolas Baumard, Jean-Baptiste André & Dan Sperber - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):102-122.
    Our discussion of the commentaries begins, at the evolutionary level, with issues raised by our account of the evolution of morality in terms of partner-choice mutualism. We then turn to the cognitive level and the characterization and workings of fairness. In a final section, we discuss the degree to which our fairness-based approach to morality extends to norms that are commonly considered moral even though they are distinct from fairness.
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  11.  21
    The Symbol.Nicolas Abraham & Tom Goodwin - 2023 - Angelaki 28 (5):135-161.
    [R]eflection is a system of thought no less closed than insanity, with this difference that it understands itself and the madman too, whereas the madman does not understand it.– Merleau-Ponty, Phen...
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  12. Le suicide en prison. Quelques éléments d'une analyse stratégique.Nicolas Bourgoin - 1995 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 98:59-105.
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  13.  52
    Psychological origins of the Industrial Revolution.Nicolas Baumard - 2019 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 42:1-47.
    Since the Industrial Revolution, human societies have experienced high and sustained rates of economic growth. Recent explanations of this sudden and massive change in economic history have held that modern growth results from an acceleration of innovation. But it is unclear why the rate of innovation drastically accelerated in England in the eighteenth century. An important factor might be the alteration of individual preferences with regard to innovation resulting from the unprecedented living standards of the English during that period, for (...)
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  14.  66
    Why Physicians Ought to Lie for Their Patients.Nicolas Tavaglione & Samia A. Hurst - 2012 - American Journal of Bioethics 12 (3):4-12.
    Sometimes physicians lie to third-party payers in order to grant their patients treatment they would otherwise not receive. This strategy, commonly known as gaming the system, is generally condemned for three reasons. First, it may hurt the patient for the sake of whom gaming was intended. Second, it may hurt other patients. Third, it offends contractual and distributive justice. Hence, gaming is considered to be immoral behavior. This article is an attempt to show that, on the contrary, gaming may sometimes (...)
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  15.  44
    Explanation and abstraction from a backward-error analytic perspective.Nicolas Fillion & Robert H. C. Moir - 2018 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 8 (3):735-759.
    We argue that two powerful error-theoretic concepts provide a general framework that satisfactorily accounts for key aspects of the explanation of physical patterns. This method gives an objective criterion to determine which mathematical models in a class of neighboring models are just as good as the exact one. The method also emphasizes that abstraction is essential for explanation and provides a precise conceptual framework that determines whether a given abstraction is explanatorily relevant and justified. Hence, it increases our epistemological understanding (...)
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  16.  25
    Switching Between Sensory and Affective Systems Incurs Processing Costs.Nicolas Vermeulen, Paula M. Niedenthal & Olivier Luminet - 2007 - Cognitive Science 31 (1):183-192.
    Recent models of the conceptual system hold that concepts are grounded in simulations of actual experiences with instances of those concepts in sensory-motor systems (e.g., Barsalou, 1999, 2003; Solomon & Barsalou, 2001). Studies supportive of such a viewhave shown that verifying a property of a concept in one modality, and then switching to verify a property of a different concept in a different modality generates temporal processing costs similar to the cost of switching modalities in perception. In addition to non-emotional (...)
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  17. Justice for immigrants : the work of magistrates in deportation proceedings.Nicolas Fischer - 2015 - In Didier Fassin (ed.), At the heart of the state: the moral world of institutions. London: Pluto Press.
     
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  18.  11
    Robert Nadeau, Vocabulaire technique et analytique de l'épistémologie.Nicolas Monseu - 2001 - Revue Philosophique De Louvain 99 (4):741-742.
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  19. L'Etre et le connaître.J. H. Nicolas - 1950 - Revue Thomiste 50.
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  20.  28
    Dieu dans la philosophie de Descartes.Nicolas Grimaldi - 1994 - Acta Philosophica 3 (2).
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  21. De la esperanza al abandono: la ambivalencia de la libertad.Nicolás Grimaldi - 1994 - Thémata: Revista de Filosofía 12:171-186.
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  22. Fenomenología de la espera.Nicolás Grimaldi - 2005 - Thémata: Revista de Filosofía 35:55-66.
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  23.  6
    Préjugés et paradoxes.Nicolas Grimaldi - 2007 - Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
    L'énigma du mal -- L'imaginaire et ses jeux -- Ambiguïtés de l'art -- Qu'est-ce que le moi? -- La vie: sens et non-sens.
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  24.  14
    Topological models of epistemic set theory.Nicolas D. Goodman - 1990 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 46 (2):147-167.
  25. Science de l’entrelacement des formes, science suprême, science des hommes libres : la dialectique dans le Sophiste 253b-254b.Nicolas Zaks - 2017 - Elenchos 38 (1-2):61-81.
    Despite intensive exegetical work, Plato’s description of dialectic in the Sophist still raises many questions. Through a close reading of this passage that contextualizes it in the general organisation of the Sophist, this paper provides answers to these questions. After presenting the difficult text, I contend that the “vowel-kinds” are necessary conditions for the blending of kinds. Then, I interpret the “cause of divisions” mentioned by the Stranger as the kinds responsible of the dichotomous division in the first half of (...)
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  26.  70
    Forever Young: potential age-defying effects of long-term meditation on gray matter atrophy.Eileen Luders, Nicolas Cherbuin & Florian Kurth - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  27.  8
    The Vindication of Computer Simulations.Nicolas Fillion - 2017 - In Martin Carrier & Johannes Lenhard (eds.), Mathematics as a Tool: Tracing New Roles of Mathematics in the Sciences. Springer Verlag.
    The relatively recent increase in prominence of computer simulations in scientific inquiry gives us more reasons than ever before for asserting that mathematics is a wonderful tool. In fact, a practical knowledge of scientific computation has become essential for scientists working in all disciplines involving mathematics. Despite their incontestable success, it must be emphasized that the numerical methods subtending simulations provide at best approximate solutions and that they can also return very misleading results. Accordingly, epistemological sobriety demands that we clarify (...)
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  28.  14
    Alexithymia and the automatic processing of affective information: Evidence from the affective priming paradigm.Nicolas Vermeulen, Olivier Luminet & Olivier Corneille - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (1):64-91.
    In Study 1, we examined the moderating impact of alexithymia (i.e., a difficulty identifying and describing feelings to other people and an externally oriented cognitive style) on the automatic processing of affective information. The affective priming paradigm was used, and lower priming effects for high alexithymia scorers were observed when congruent (incongruent) pairs involving nonverbal primes (angry face) and verbal target were presented. The results held after controlling for participants' negative affectivity. The same effects were replicated in Studies 2 and (...)
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  29.  8
    Éthique, droit pénal et déterminisme chez Twardowski.Nicolas Nayfeld - 2022 - Philosophia Scientiae 26:173-194.
    Cet article porte sur le déterminisme compatibiliste de Kazimierz Twardowski. Dans un premier temps, j’explique ce qu’est le déterminisme selon Twardowski et pourquoi il s’agit d’après lui d’une position plus probable que l’indéterminisme. Dans un deuxième temps, je présente son analyse du concept d’imputation [poczytywanie] – très proche de ce qu’on appelle en philosophie pénale la character theory of excuses – qui lui permet de concilier déterminisme et imputation. Cette analyse pose qu’un acte ne peut être imputé que s’il émane (...)
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  30.  10
    On the Ethical Priority of Problem Solving in Case‐Based Teacher Ethics: Grounding an Anti‐Oppressive Approach.Nicolas Tanchuk & Alyssa Emery - 2024 - Educational Theory 74 (3):358-370.
    A central problem for phronetic case-based approaches to the ethics of teaching lies in the proper determination of normative ethical problems. Judgments about the character of normative ethical problems depend in part on background beliefs about what is (or is not) of ethical value. Thus, to distinguish genuinely normative ethical problems, teachers seem to first require knowledge of what is of ethical value, which practical problems themselves cannot generate. To resolve this practical and theoretical problem, Nicolas Tanchuk and Alyssa (...)
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  31.  41
    Weird people, yes, but also weird experiments.Nicolas Baumard & Dan Sperber - 2010 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 33 (2-3):84-85.
    Henrich et al.’s article fleshes out in a very useful and timely manner comments often heard but rarely published about the extraordinary cultural imbalance in the recruitment of participants in psychology experiments and the doubt this casts on generalization of findings from these “weird” samples to humans in general. The authors mention that one of the concerns they have met in defending their views has been of a methodological nature: “the observed variation across populations may be due to various methodological (...)
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  32.  45
    Husserl and the promise of time: subjectivity in transcendental phenomenology.Nicolas de Warren - 2009 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book is the first extensive treatment of Husserl's phenomenology of time-consciousness. Nicolas de Warren uses detailed analysis of texts by Husserl, some only recently published in German, to examine Husserl's treatment of time-consciousness and its significance for his conception of subjectivity. He traces the development of Husserl's thinking on the problem of time from Franz Brentano's descriptive psychology, and situates it in the framework of his transcendental project as a whole. Particular discussions include the significance of time-consciousness for (...)
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  33.  28
    Pragmatic Justification (A Cautionary Tale).Nicolas Rescher - 1964 - Philosophy 39 (150):346 - 348.
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  34. Bruno Latour: how to inhabit the Earth.Nicolas Truong - 2024 - Hoboken: Polity Press. Edited by Bruno Latour, Julie Rose & Rose Vidal.
    In a series of televised interviews in spring 2022, Bruno Latour explained, in clear and straightforward terms, how humans have changed the planet and why environmental disasters are an intrinsic part of modern life. We have now come to realize that all life depends on a thin skin of our planet that is only few kilometres thick - what scientists call the 'critical zone'. Our capacity to continue to live on a planet we are transforming is now at risk and (...)
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  35.  35
    The Apocalypse of Hope.Nicolas de Warren - 2006 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 27 (1):25-59.
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  36.  8
    Limiting Sovereignty or Producing Governmentality? Two Human Rights Regimes in U.S. Political Discourse.Nicolas Guilhot - 2008 - Constellations 15 (4):502-516.
  37.  35
    Is Comprehensive Liberal Social Justice Education Brainwashing?Nicolas Tanchuk, Tomas Rocha & Marc Krus - 2021 - Philosophy of Education 77 (2):44.
  38.  19
    Introducing thalassa.Nicolas Abraham & Translated by Tom Goodwin - 2020 - Angelaki 25 (6):137-142.
    The book that the French reader holds in his hands is one of the century’s most fascinating and liberating. It does nothing less than instigate the psychoanalytic approach as a universal method of...
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  39. La Philosophie Byzantine.Basile Nicolas Tatakis & Émile Bréhier - 1949 - Presses Universitaires de France.
  40.  15
    On the Practical Use of Immersive Virtual Reality for Rehabilitation of Intimate Partner Violence Perpetrators in Prison.Nicolas Barnes, Maria V. Sanchez-Vives & Tania Johnston - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Virtual reality allows the user to be immersed in environments in which they can experience situations and social interactions from different perspectives by means of virtual embodiment. In the context of rehabilitation of violent behaviors, a participant could experience a virtual violent confrontation from different perspectives, including that of the victim and bystanders. This approach and other virtual scenes can be used as a useful tool for the rehabilitation of intimate partner violence perpetrators, through improvement of their empathic skills or (...)
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  41. Traitté de Morale.Nicolas Malebranche & Leonard Plaignard - 1697 - Chez Leonard Plaignard, ..
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  42. Œuvres.Nicolas Malebranche - 1979 - [Paris]: Gallimard. Edited by Geneviève Rodis-Lewis & Germain Malbreil.
     
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  43. Von der Erforschung der Wahrheit.Nicolas Malebranche - 1968 - Hamburg,: Meiner. Edited by Alfred Klemmt.
  44. Identification and Appearance as Epistemic Groundwork.Nicolas C. Gonzalez - 2023 - Logos and Episteme 14 (4):439-449.
    The idea that appearances provide justifications for beliefs—the principle of phenomenal conservatism—is self-evidently true. In the case of cognitive penetration, however, it seems that certain irrational etiologies of a belief may influence the epistemic quality of that belief. Susanna Siegel argues that these etiologies lead to ‘epistemic downgrade.’ Instead of providing us with a decisive objection, cognitive penetration calls for us to clarify our epistemic framework by understanding the formative parts of appearances. In doing so, the two different but inseparable (...)
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  45.  16
    Performing doubt and negotiating uncertainty.Nicolas Henckes & Lara Rzesnitzek - 2018 - History of the Human Sciences 31 (2):65-87.
    In the 20th century, the boundaries of psychosis emerged as an area in which psychiatric judgement faced numerous and profound uncertainties. Between obvious neuroses and personality and reactive disorders on the one hand, and unquestionable psychoses on the other, psychiatrists faced a world of suspected cases of schizophrenia, doubtful personality disorder diagnoses or probable cases of psychosis constituting a garden of equivocal clinical presentations in which both individual psychiatrists and the discipline as a whole were confronted with the limits of (...)
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  46. The Destiny of Man.Nicolas Berdyaev & Natalie Duddington - 1937 - Philosophy 12 (48):472-478.
     
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  47. The Phantom of Hamlet or the Sixth Act: Preceded by the Intermission of "Truth".Nicolas Abraham & Nicholas Rand - 1988 - Diacritics 18 (4):2.
  48.  13
    Existe-t-il une oblitération institutionnelle des raisons disponibles ?Nicolas Aumonier - 2010 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 67 (3):355-370.
    La discussion bioéthique au sein d ’ institutions consiste-t-elle à peser rationnellement entre eux tous les arguments disponibles? Les institutions qui conduisent le débat bioéthique – comme le Parlement, le Comité consultatif national d ’ éthique (CCNE) ou le Conseil d ’ orientation de l ’ Agence de la biomédecine – ne semblent pas vouloir utiliser les arguments rationnels qui iraient à l ’ encontre de la volonté politique préalable qui leur a fixé le cadre de leur mission.
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  49. Comodiano, primer poeta de la cristiandad: estudio del vocalismo, con un apéndice bibliográfico sobre el autor y sus obras.Nicolás Castrillo Benito - 1989 - Revista Agustiniana 30 (91):3-61.
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  50.  32
    El interés público: Entre la ideología Y el derecho.Nicolás López Calera - 2010 - Anales de la Cátedra Francisco Suárez 44:123-148.
    Public interest is intended to mean a consolidation of the prevailing ends of the legal and political order of a democratic state. This is a vague legal concept that generally carries the risks of confusion and manipulation. The undoubted difficulties involved in its determination often lead to it being credited (or discredited) as an ideological concept. Administrative doctrine holds that vague legal concepts do not widen administrative discretion and do not open up a route to arbitrariness. However, neither the legislator (...)
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