Results for 'Niall O'Brolchain'

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  1.  12
    Algorithmic Governance: Developing a Research Agenda Through the Power of Collective Intelligence.Kalpana Shankar, Burkhard Schafer, Niall O'Brolchain, Maria Helen Murphy, John Morison, Su-Ming Khoo, Muki Haklay, Heike Felzmann, Aisling De Paor, Anthony Behan, Rónán Kennedy, Chris Noone, Michael J. Hogan & John Danaher - 2017 - Big Data and Society 4 (2).
    We are living in an algorithmic age where mathematics and computer science are coming together in powerful new ways to influence, shape and guide our behaviour and the governance of our societies. As these algorithmic governance structures proliferate, it is vital that we ensure their effectiveness and legitimacy. That is, we need to ensure that they are an effective means for achieving a legitimate policy goal that are also procedurally fair, open and unbiased. But how can we ensure that algorithmic (...)
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  2.  93
    The Convergence of Virtual Reality and Social Networks: Threats to Privacy and Autonomy.Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Tim Jacquemard, David Monaghan, Noel O’Connor, Peter Novitzky & Bert Gordijn - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):1-29.
    The rapid evolution of information, communication and entertainment technologies will transform the lives of citizens and ultimately transform society. This paper focuses on ethical issues associated with the likely convergence of virtual realities and social networks, hereafter VRSNs. We examine a scenario in which a significant segment of the world’s population has a presence in a VRSN. Given the pace of technological development and the popularity of these new forms of social interaction, this scenario is plausible. However, it brings with (...)
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  3.  30
    Challenges and Opportunities of Lifelog Technologies: A Literature Review and Critical Analysis.Tim Jacquemard, Peter Novitzky, Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Alan F. Smeaton & Bert Gordijn - 2014 - Science and Engineering Ethics 20 (2):379-409.
    In a lifelog, data from various sources are combined to form a record from which one can retrieve information about oneself and the environment in which one is situated. It could be considered similar to an automated biography. Lifelog technology is still at an early stage of development. However, the history of lifelogs so far shows a clear academic, corporate and governmental interest. Therefore, a thorough inquiry into the ethical aspects of lifelogs could prove beneficial to the responsible development of (...)
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  4.  14
    Robots and People with Dementia: Unintended Consequences and Moral Hazard.Fiachra O’Brolcháin - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (4):962-972.
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  5.  19
    Robots and People with Dementia: Unintended Consequences and Moral Hazard.Fiachra O’Brolcháin - 2017 - Nursing Ethics:096973301774296.
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  6.  22
    Privacy Challenges in Smart Homes for People with Dementia and People with Intellectual Disabilities.Fiachra O’Brolcháin & Bert Gordijn - 2019 - Ethics and Information Technology 21 (3):253-265.
    The aim of this paper is to analyse the ethical issues relating to privacy that arise in smart homes designed for people with dementia and for people with intellectual disabilities. We outline five different conceptual perspectives on privacy and detail the ways in which smart home technologies may violate residents’ privacy. We specify these privacy threats in a number of areas and under a variety of conceptions of privacy. Furthermore, we illustrate that informed consent may not provide a solution to (...)
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  7.  17
    Persons with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities and Information Technologies. Some Ethical Observations—A Comment on Chalgoumi Et Al.Fiachra O’Brolcháin & Bert Gordijn - 2019 - Ethics and Behavior 29 (3):218-222.
    This comment on Chalgoumi et al.’s article “Information Privacy for Technology Users with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities: Why Does It Matter?” focuses on the concept of autonomy in order to expand the scope of the ethical discussion. First we explore the conceptual and practical relations between privacy and autonomy. Following this, we address the issue of underfunding of information technology for persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities in terms of distributive justice and provide some potential policy solutions.
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  8.  15
    Inclusion of Assistive Technologies in a Basic Package of Essential Healthcare Service.Fiachra O’Brolcháin & Bert Gordijn - 2018 - HEC Forum 30 (2):117-132.
    This paper outlines the potential and necessity of the development of assistive technologies for people with intellectual disabilities. We analyse a policy recommendation designed to determine the contents of a basic health package supplied by the state, known as the Dunning Funnel. We contend that the Dunning Funnel is a useful methodology, but is weakened by a potentially relativistic understanding of “necessity” in relation to the requirements of people with IDs. We remedy this defect by using the capabilities approach as (...)
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  9.  1
    The Ethics of Self-Tracking. A Comprehensive Review of the Literature.Michał Wieczorek, Fiachra O’Brolchain, Yashar Saghai & Bert Gordijn - forthcoming - Ethics and Behavior:1-33.
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  10.  12
    The Ethics of Smart Stadia: A Stakeholder Analysis of the Croke Park Project.Bert Gordijn, Simone Colle & Fiachra O’Brolcháin - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (3):737-769.
    The development of “smart stadia”, i.e. the use of “smart technologies” in the way sports stadia are designed and managed, promises to enhance the experience of attending a live match through innovative and improved services for the audience, as well as for the players, vendors and other stadium stakeholders. These developments offer us a timely opportunity to reflect on the ethical implications of the use of smart technologies and the emerging Internet of Things. The IoT has the potential to radically (...)
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  11.  17
    The Ethics of Smart Stadia: A Stakeholder Analysis of the Croke Park Project.Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Simone de Colle & Bert Gordijn - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (3):737-769.
    The development of “smart stadia”, i.e. the use of “smart technologies” in the way sports stadia are designed and managed, promises to enhance the experience of attending a live match through innovative and improved services for the audience, as well as for the players, vendors and other stadium stakeholders. These developments offer us a timely opportunity to reflect on the ethical implications of the use of smart technologies and the emerging Internet of Things. The IoT has the potential to radically (...)
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  12.  7
    Responsibility-Enhancing Assistive Technologies and People with Autism.Fiachra O’Brolchain & Bert Gordijn - 2020 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 29 (4):607-616.
    This paper aims to explore the role assistive technologies might play in helping people with autism spectrum disorder and a concomitant responsibility deficit become more morally responsible. Toward this goal, the authors discuss the philosophical concept of responsibility, with a reliance on Nicole Vincent’s taxonomy of responsibility concepts. They then outline the ways in which ASD complicates ascriptions of responsibility, particularly responsibility understood as a capacity. Further, they explore the ways in which ATs might improve a person’s capacity so that (...)
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  13.  52
    The Rhetorical Strategy of William Paley’s Natural Theology : Part 2, William Paley’s Natural Theology and the Challenge of Atheism.Niall O’ Flaherty - 2010 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 41 (2):128-137.
    The first part of this two-part article suggested that William Paley’s Natural theology should be viewed as the culmination of a complex psychological strategy for inculcating religious and moral sentiments. Having focused in Part 1 on Paley’s rhetoric, we now turn our attention to the philosophical part of the programme. This article attempts to settle the vexed question of how far Paley responded to the devastating critique of the teleological argument contained in Hume’s posthumously published Dialogues concerning natural religion. It (...)
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  14.  9
    Niall O'Flaherty, Utilitarianism in the Age of Enlightenment: The Moral and Political Thought of William Paley , Pp. Viii + 339.Max Skjönsberg - 2019 - Utilitas 31 (3):356-359.
  15.  51
    A Review of Contemporary Work on the Ethics of Ambient Assisted Living Technologies for People with Dementia.Peter Novitzky, Alan F. Smeaton, Cynthia Chen, Kate Irving, Tim Jacquemard, Fiachra O’Brolcháin, Dónal O’Mathúna & Bert Gordijn - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (3):707-765.
    Ambient assisted living technologies can provide assistance and support to persons with dementia. They might allow them the possibility of living at home for longer whilst maintaining their comfort and security as well as offering a way towards reducing the huge economic and personal costs forecast as the incidence of dementia increases worldwide over coming decades. However, the development, introduction and use of AAL technologies also trigger serious ethical issues. This paper is a systematic literature review of the on-going scholarly (...)
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  16.  17
    Utilitarianism in the Age of Enlightenment: The Moral and Political Thought of William Paley, by Niall O’Flaherty.R. J. W. Mills - forthcoming - Intellectual History Review:1-3.
  17. Utilitarianism in the Age of Enlightenment: The Moral and Political Thought of William Paley.Niall O'Flaherty - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    This is the first book-length study of one of the most influential traditions in eighteenth-century Anglophone moral and political thought, 'theological utilitarianism'. Niall O'Flaherty charts its development from its formulation by Anglican disciples of Locke in the 1730s to its culmination in William Paley's work. Few works of moral and political thought had such a profound impact on political discourse as Paley's Principles of Moral and Political Philosophy. His arguments were at the forefront of debates about the constitution, the (...)
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  18.  29
    Roman Love Poets - R. O. A. M. Lyne: The Latin Love Poets: From Catullus to Horace. Pp. Xiv + 316. Oxford: Clarendon Press. 1980. £12.50. [REVIEW]Niall Rudd - 1981 - The Classical Review 31 (2):216-218.
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  19.  16
    (D.) Braund Ed. Scythians and Greeks. Cultural Interactions in Scythia, Athens and the Early Roman Empire (Sixth Century BC – First Century AD). U. Of Exeter P., 2005. Pp. Xii + 254, Illus. £50. 085989746X. [REVIEW]Niall O'Connor - 2006 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 126:189-190.
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  20. Scale-Invariant Gravity: Geometrodynamics.Edward Anderson, Julian Barbour, Brendan Foster & Niall Ó~Murchadha - 2003 - Classical and Quantum Gravity 20:1571--604.
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  21.  13
    Why Combatants Fight: The Irish Republican Army and the Bosnian Serb Army Compared.Siniša Malešević & Niall Ó Dochartaigh - 2018 - Theory and Society 47 (3):293-326.
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  22.  1
    Catharsis: On the Art of Medicine.Antonia Lloyd-Jones (ed.) - 2007 - University of Chicago Press.
    The ancient Greeks used the term _catharsis_ for the cleansing of both the body by medicine and the soul by art. In this inspiring book, internationally renowned cardiologist Andrzej Szczeklik draws deeply on our humanistic heritage to describe the artistry and the mystery of being a doctor. Moving between examples ancient and contemporary, mythological and scientific, _Catharsis_ explores how medicine and art share common roots and pose common challenge. As Szczeklik explores such subjects as the mysteries of the heart rhythm, (...)
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  23. Yes: Bare Particulars!Niall Connolly - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (5):1355-1370.
    What is the Bare Particular Theory? Is it committed, like the Bundle Theory, to a constituent ontology: according to which a substance’s qualities—and according to the Bare Particular Theory, its substratum also—are proper parts of the substance? I argue that Bare Particularists need not, should not, and—if a recent objection to ‘the Bare Particular Theory’ succeeds—cannot endorse a constituent ontology. There is nothing, I show, in the motivations for Bare Particularism or the principles that distinguish Bare Particularism from rival views (...)
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  24. Safety and Necessity.Niall J. Paterson - 2022 - Erkenntnis 87 (3):1081-1097.
    Can epistemic luck be captured by modal conditions such as safety from error? This paper answers ‘no’. First, an old problem is cast in a new light: it is argued that the trivial satisfaction associated with necessary truths and accidentally robust propositions is a symptom of a more general disease. Namely, epistemic luck but not safety from error is hyperintensional. Second, it is argued that as a consequence the standard solution to deal with this worry, namely the invocation of content (...)
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  25.  14
    Pomo Oz: Fear and Loathing Downunder.Niall Lucy - 2010 - Fremantle Press.
    That's according to Niall Lucy in his latest book, PoMo Oz. Pitting his humour and intellect against the conservative power brokers, Lucy champions the notion that free thought, not free trade, is the basis of democracy.
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  26.  31
    Non‐Accidental Knowing.Niall J. Paterson - 2020 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 58 (2):302-326.
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  27. Cultural Values, Plagiarism, and Fairness: When Plagiarism Gets in the Way of Learning.Niall Hayes & Lucas D. Introna - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):213 – 231.
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism among students in 2 postgraduate management programs, both of which had (...)
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  28. I͡azykovye Znachenii͡a: Metody Issledovanii͡a I Print͡sipy Opisanii͡a--Pami͡ati O.N. Seliverstovoĭ.O. N. Seliverstova & N. A. Kosakovskai͡a (eds.) - 2004 - Moskovskiĭ Gorodskoĭ Pedagog. Universitet.
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  29. I͡azykovye Znachenii͡a: Metody Issledovanii͡a I Print͡sipy Opisanii͡a--Pami͡ati O.O. N. Seliverstova & N. A. Kosakovskai͡a (eds.) - 2004 - Moskovskiĭ Gorodskoĭ Pedagog. Universitet.
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  30. Toward a New Sensibililty: Essays of O.K. Bouwsma.O. K. Bouwsma - 1982 - University of Nebraska Press, C1982.
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  31.  87
    Are Animal Models Predictive for Humans?Niall Shanks, Ray Greek & Jean Greek - 2009 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 4:2.
    It is one of the central aims of the philosophy of science to elucidate the meanings of scientific terms and also to think critically about their application. The focus of this essay is the scientific term predict and whether there is credible evidence that animal models, especially in toxicology and pathophysiology, can be used to predict human outcomes. Whether animals can be used to predict human response to drugs and other chemicals is apparently a contentious issue. However, when one empirically (...)
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  32. How the Dead Live.Niall Connolly - 2011 - Philosophia 39 (1):83-103.
    This paper maintains (following Yougrau 1987; 2000 and Hinchliff 1996) that the dead and other former existents count as examples of non-existent objects. If the dead number among the things there are, a further question arises: what is it to be dead—how should the state of being dead be characterised? It is argued that this state should be characterised negatively: the dead are not persons, philosophers etc. They lack any of the (intrinsic) qualities they had while they lived. The only (...)
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  33. Ì Öñ Ò Ø Óò Ó Óò× Øö Òø Óòø Üøù Ð Ê Ûö Ø Ò.È. Ö. Ó. Ö ÑѺ - 2000 - In Dov M. Gabbay & Maarten de Rijke (eds.), Frontiers of Combining Systems. Research Studies Press. pp. 47.
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  34.  2
    Prioritarian Principles for Digital Health in Low Resource Settings.Niall Winters, Sridhar Venkatapuram, Anne Geniets & Emma Wynne-Bannister - 2020 - Journal of Medical Ethics 46 (4):259-264.
    This theoretical paper argues for prioritarianism as an ethical underpinning for digital health in contexts of extreme disadvantage. In support of this claim, the paper develops three prioritarian principles for making ethical decisions for digital health programme design, grounded in the normative position that the greater the need, the stronger the moral claim. The principles are positioned as an alternative view to the prevailing utilitarian approach to digital health, which the paper argues is not sufficient to address the needs of (...)
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  35. O tempo de ontem na voz de hoje: Memória de idosas sergipanas.O. Tempo de Ontem Na Voz - 2010 - História 28:10.
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  36. Üvahy o logice normativnich vet.O. Weinberger - forthcoming - Filosoficky Casopis.
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  37. Systems for the Production of Plagiarists? The Implications Arising From the Use of Plagiarism Detection Systems in UK Universities for Asian Learners.Niall Hayes & Lucas Introna - 2005 - Journal of Academic Ethics 3 (1):55-73.
    This paper argues that the inappropriate framing and implementation of plagiarism detection systems in UK universities can unwittingly construct international students as ‘plagiarists’. It argues that these systems are often implemented with inappropriate assumptions about plagiarism and the way in which new members of a community of practice develop the skills to become full members of that community. Drawing on the literature and some primary data it shows how expectations, norms and practices become translated and negotiated in such a way (...)
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  38.  1
    The Blackwell Companion to Hermeneutics.Niall Keane & Chris Lawn (eds.) - 2015 - Wiley-Blackwell.
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  39. O que é uma acção?O. Jones & P. Smith - 2005 - Critica.
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  40.  12
    The Gadamer Dictionary.Chris Lawn & Niall Keane - 2011 - Continuum.
    The Gadamer Dictionary is a comprehensive and accessible guide to the world of Hans-Georg Gadamer. Meticulously researched and extensively cross-referenced, this unique book covers all his major works, ideas and influences and provides a firm grounding in the central themes of Gadamer's thought. Students will discover a wealth of useful information, analysis and criticism. A-Z entries include clear definitions of all the key terms used in Gadamer's writings and detailed synopses of his key works, including his magnum opus, Truth and (...)
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  41.  46
    Précis of O'Keefe & Nadel's The Hippocampus as a Cognitive Map.John O'Keefe & Lynn Nadel - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (4):487-494.
    Theories of spatial cognition are derived from many sources. Psychologists are concerned with determining the features of the mind which, in combination with external inputs, produce our spatialized experience. A review of philosophical and other approaches has convinced us that the brain must come equipped to impose a three-dimensional Euclidean framework on experience – our analysis suggests that object re-identification may require such a framework. We identify this absolute, nonegocentric, spatial framework with a specific neural system centered in the hippocampus.A (...)
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  42.  15
    Causal Processes in Psychology Are Heterogeneous.Niall Bolger, Katherine S. Zee, Maya Rossignac-Milon & Ran R. Hassin - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 148 (4):601-618.
  43. Onora O'Neill: Constructions of Reason. Explorations of Kant's Practical Philosophy, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge 1989, 249 S. [REVIEW]O. Höffe - 1993 - Philosophische Rundschau 40 (1-2):83-86.
     
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  44.  3
    Plagiarism, Alienation and Fairness: Towards an Inclusive Educational Practice.Niall Hayes & Lucas Introna - 2005 - Ethics and Behavior 15 (3):213-231.
    The dramatic increase in the number of overseas students studying in the United Kingdom and other Western countries has required academics to reevaluate many aspects of their own, and their institutions', practices. This article considers differing cultural values among overseas students toward plagiarism and the implications this may have for postgraduate education in a Western context. Based on focus-group interviews, questionnaires, and informal discussions, we report the views of plagiarism among students in 2 postgraduate management programs, both of which had (...)
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  45.  78
    E. O. Wilson, Stephen Pope, and Philip Hefner: A Conversation.Edward O. Wilson, Stephen J. Pope & Philip Hefner - 2001 - Zygon 36 (2):249-253.
  46. O'CONNOR, D. J. "The Correspondence Theory of Truth". [REVIEW]O. R. Jones - 1977 - Mind 86:458.
     
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  47.  1
    Debating Derrida.Niall Lucy - 1995 - Melbourne University Press.
    'There is nothing outside the text.' Possibly no single statement has caused such a storm in critical theory as this famous observation by the French philosopher, Jacques Derrida. While it is often misunderstood as meaning that nothing is real and that political actions are therefore pointless, Debating Derrida demonstrates that Derrida's philosophy does not lack political conviction. Niall Lucy examines three key terms - text, writing and differance - as they are used in three famous debates: Derrida's disputes over (...)
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  48.  5
    Kohlmann, O. Kant Und Haeckel. [REVIEW]O. Kohlmann - 1908 - Kant Studien 13 (1-3).
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  49.  70
    Brute Science: Dilemmas of Animal Experimentation.Hugh LaFollette & Niall Shanks - 1996 - Routledge.
    _Brute Science_ investigates whether biomedical research using animals is, in fact, scientifically justified. Hugh LaFollette and Niall Shanks examine the issues in scientific terms using the models that scientists themselves use. They argue that we need to reassess our use of animals and, indeed, rethink the standard positions in the debate.
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  50.  3
    The Temporality of Artwork and Festival and the Temporality of the Cosmos: Gadamer’s Reflections on Time and Eternity.Niall Keane - forthcoming - Continental Philosophy Review:1-17.
    The following examines the concept of time in Gadamer’s work, looking specifically at the role of artwork and festival as focal points of his temporal analysis. It is argued that the usual way of understanding Gadamer’s reflections on time as either “empty” or “fulfilled,” while accurate, need to be supplemented by a third species of time which is neither “full” nor “empty,” pointing instead to the underappreciated role of eternity in his thought. Eternity in this instance is not the other (...)
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