Results for 'Newton Marques Peron'

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  1.  23
    Modal Logic with Non-Deterministic Semantics: Part I—Propositional Case.Marcelo E. Coniglio, Fariñas Del Cerro Luis & Marques Peron Newton - 2020 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 28 (3):281-315.
    Dugundji proved in 1940 that most parts of standard modal systems cannot be characterized by a single finite deterministic matrix. In the eighties, Ivlev proposed a semantics of four-valued non-deterministic matrices, in order to characterize a hierarchy of weak modal logics without the necessitation rule. In a previous paper, we extended some systems of Ivlev’s hierarchy, also proposing weaker six-valued systems in which the axiom was replaced by the deontic axiom. In this paper, we propose even weaker systems, by eliminating (...)
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  2.  80
    A Paraconsistentist Approach to Chisholm's Paradox.Marcelo Esteban Coniglio & Newton Marques Peron - 2009 - Principia: An International Journal of Epistemology 13 (3):299-326.
    The Logics of Deontic (In)Consistency (LDI's) can be considered as the deontic counterpart of the paraconsistent logics known as Logics of Formal (In)Consistency. This paper introduces and studies new LDI's and other paraconsistent deontic logics with different properties: systems tolerant to contradictory obligations; systems in which contradictory obligations trivialize; and a bimodal paraconsistent deontic logic combining the features of previous systems. These logics are used to analyze the well-known Chisholm's paradox, taking profit of the fact that, besides contradictory obligations do (...)
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  3.  8
    Modal Logic With Non-Deterministic Semantics: Part II—Quantified Case.Marcelo E. Coniglio, Luis Fariñasdelcerro & Newton Marques Peron - forthcoming - Logic Journal of the IGPL.
    In the first part of this paper we analyzed finite non-deterministic matrix semantics for propositional non-normal modal logics as an alternative to the standard Kripke possible world semantics. This kind of modal system characterized by finite non-deterministic matrices was originally proposed by Ju. Ivlev in the 70s. The aim of this second paper is to introduce a formal non-deterministic semantical framework for the quantified versions of some Ivlev-like non-normal modal logics. It will be shown that several well-known controversial issues of (...)
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  4.  2
    A Four-Valued Logical Framework for Reasoning About Fiction.Newton Peron & Henrique Antunes - forthcoming - Logic and Logical Philosophy:1-32.
    In view of the limitations of classical, free, and modal logics to deal with fictional names, we develop in this paper a four-valued logical framework that we see as a promising strategy for modeling contexts of reasoning in which those names occur. Specifically, we propose to evaluate statements in terms of factual and fictional truth values in such a way that, say, declaring ‘Socrates is a man’ to be true does not come down to the same thing as declaring ‘Sherlock (...)
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  5.  13
    Dugundji’s Theorem Revisited.Marcelo E. Coniglio & Newton M. Peron - 2014 - Logica Universalis 8 (3-4):407-422.
    In 1940 Dugundji proved that no system between S1 and S5 can be characterized by finite matrices. Dugundji’s result forced the development of alternative semantics, in particular Kripke’s relational semantics. The success of this semantics allowed the creation of a huge family of modal systems. With few adaptations, this semantics can characterize almost the totality of the modal systems developed in the last five decades. This semantics however has some limits. Two results of incompleteness showed that not every modal logic (...)
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  6.  59
    Modal Extensions of Sub-Classical Logics for Recovering Classical Logic.Marcelo E. Coniglio & Newton M. Peron - 2013 - Logica Universalis 7 (1):71-86.
    In this paper we introduce non-normal modal extensions of the sub-classical logics CLoN, CluN and CLaN, in the same way that S0.5 0 extends classical logic. The first modal system is both paraconsistent and paracomplete, while the second one is paraconsistent and the third is paracomplete. Despite being non-normal, these systems are sound and complete for a suitable Kripke semantics. We also show that these systems are appropriate for interpreting □ as “is provable in classical logic”. This allows us to (...)
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  7.  33
    Finite Non-Deterministic Semantics for Some Modal Systems.Marcelo E. Coniglio, Luis Fariñas del Cerro & Newton M. Peron - 2015 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 25 (1):20-45.
    Trying to overcome Dugundji’s result on uncharacterisability of modal logics by finite logical matrices, Kearns and Ivlev proposed, independently, a characterisation of some modal systems by means of four-valued multivalued truth-functions , as an alternative to Kripke semantics. This constitutes an antecedent of the non-deterministic matrices introduced by Avron and Lev . In this paper we propose a reconstruction of Kearns’s and Ivlev’s results in a uniform way, obtaining an extension to another modal systems. The first part of the paper (...)
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  8.  30
    Errata and Addenda to ‘Finite Non-Deterministic Semantics for Some Modal Systems’.Marcelo E. Coniglio, Luis Fariñas del Cerro & Newton M. Peron - 2016 - Journal of Applied Non-Classical Logics 26 (4):336-345.
    In this note, an error in the axiomatization of Ivlev’s modal system Sa+ which we inadvertedly reproduced in our paper “Finite non-deterministic semantics for some modal systems”, is fixed. Additionally, some axioms proposed in were slightly modified. All the technical results in which depend on the previous axiomatization were also fixed. Finally, the discussion about decidability of the level valuation semantics initiated in is taken up. The error in Ivlev’s axiomatization was originally pointed out by H. Omori and D. Skurt (...)
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  9.  7
    La Philosophie des Lumières.Ernst Cassirer - 1966 - Fayard.
    L'œuvre de Cassirer nous offre une vision pluraliste du XVIIIe siècle. Sous cet éclairage, Rousseau redevient citoyen de Genève et Bayle le banni de Rotterdam, le cartésianisme se fait principalement hollandais et Voltaire l'interprète de Newton. Pour Cassirer, le XVIIIe siècle est ce foisonnement convergent qui rompt les frontières nationales comme les frontières de langues, de classes ou de disciplines. Dans cette brillante synthèse, Cassirer s'emploie à balayer les poncifs. Certes, le XVIIIe siècle politique, mais il est aussi un (...)
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  10.  9
    La théorie cartésienne de l’arc-en-ciel.Paul Mouy - 1937 - Travaux du IXe Congrès International de Philosophie 2:47-53.
    C’est à Maurolic, et non à Dominis, comme l’ont dit certains auteurs, que, selon nous, Descartes doit quelques éléments de son explication de l’arc- en-ciel, en particulier l’idée du rôle fondamental et de la position relative générale du soleil et des gouttes d’eau.Mais cette théorie, magistrale application de la Méthode, porte surtout la marque du génie cartésien par la forme mathématique que prennent les résultats des expériences.Lies physiciens cartésiens la reproduisirent. Malebranche l’élargit sous l’influence de Huygens et de Newton, (...)
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  11.  12
    La position de D'Alembert Par Rapport au matérialisme.Michel Paty - 1981 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 171 (1):49 - 66.
    En contrepoint à son œuvre mathématique et physique — et en relation avec elle — d'Alembert a développé une théorie de la connaissance influencée par Locke et le sensualisme de Condillac, mais centrée avant tout sur une épistémologie de la physique newtonienne. Réaliste, prônant le recours à l'expérience, il est en même temps profondément rationaliste, et même précisément, quoiqu'il s'en défende plutôt, dans la lignée de Descartes, Mais, bien que la Raison soit sa référence fondamentale, à tel point qu'il voudrait (...)
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  12. Isaac Newton's Papers and Letters on Natural Philosophy.Isaac Newton, I. Bernard Cohen & Robert E. Schofield - 1959 - Science and Society 23 (3):279-282.
     
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  13. The Correspondence of Isaac Newton.Isaac Newton & H. W. Turnbull - 1961 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 12 (47):255-258.
     
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  14.  58
    Newton's Philosophy of Nature: Selections From His Writings.Isaac Newton - 1953 - Dover Publications.
    Aside from the Principia and occasional appearances of the Opticks , Newton' writings have remained largely inaccessible to students of philosophy, science, and literature as well as to other readers. This book provides a remedy with wide representation of the interests, problems, and diverse philosophic issues that preoccupied the greatest scientific mind of the seventeenth century. Grouped in sections corresponding to methods, principles, and theological considerations, these selections feature explanatory notes and cross-references to related essays.
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  15. Isaac Newton.Ivo Schneider, Kolumban Hutter, Isaac Newton & Friedrich Steinle - 1993 - Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 24 (1):169-185.
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  16. The Correspondence of Isaac Newton.A. Rupert Hall, Isaac Newton & Laura Tilling - 1979 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 30 (2):173-177.
     
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  17. Unpublished Scientific Papers of Isaac Newton.Isaac Newton, A. Rupert Hall & Marie Boas Hall - 1963 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (52):344-345.
     
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  18.  35
    Newton's Astronomical Apprenticeship: Notes of 1664/5.J. Mcguire, Martin Tamny & Isaac Newton - 1985 - Isis 76:349-365.
  19.  32
    Newton on Rotating Bodies.J. W. Herivel & Isaac Newton - 1962 - Isis 53 (2):212-218.
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  20.  17
    Newton on Rotating Bodies.J. Herivel & Isaac Newton - 1962 - Isis 53:212-218.
  21. Professor Newton CA da Costa Awarded Nicholas Copernicus University Medal of Merit.Newton C. A. da Costa, Jean-Yves Béziau & Otávio Bueno - 1999 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 7:7-10.
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  22.  15
    Newton's Clavis as Starkey's Key.William Newman & Isaac Newton - 1987 - Isis 78:564-574.
  23. The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, Vol. IV: 1694-1709.J. F. Scott & Isaac Newton - 1968 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 19 (3):268-269.
     
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  24.  13
    Newton's Clavis as Starkey's Key.William Newman & Issac Newton - 1987 - Isis 78 (4):564-574.
  25.  88
    Shifting Concepts: The Philosophy and Psychology of Conceptual Variability.Teresa Marques & Asa Maria Wikforss (eds.) - 2020 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Concepts stand at the centre of human cognition. We use concepts in categorizing objects and events in the world, in reasoning and action, and in social interaction. It is therefore not surprising that the study of concepts constitutes a central area of research in philosophy and psychology, yet only recently have the two disciplines developed greater interaction. Recent experiments in psychology that test the role of concepts in categorizing and reasoning have found a great deal of variation, across individuals and (...)
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  26. The Correspondence of Isaac Newton. Vol. III: 1688-1694.Isaac Newton & H. W. Turnbull - 1963 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (52):332-334.
     
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  27. The Compass of Philosophy an Essay in Intellectual Orientation [by] Newton P. Stallknecht [and] Robert S. Brumbaugh.Newton Phelps Stallknecht & Robert Sherrick Brumbaugh - 1954 - Longmans, Green.
     
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  28. The Spirit of Western Philosophy a Historical Interpretation Including Selections From the Major European Philosophers [by] Newton P. Stallknecht [and] Robert S. Brumbaugh.Newton Phelps Stallknecht & Robert Sherrick Brumbaugh - 1964 - D. Mckay Co.
     
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  29. Newton and the Reality of Force.Andrew Janiak - 2007 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 45 (1):127-147.
    : Newton's critics argued that his treatment of gravity in the Principia saddles him with a substantial dilemma. If he insists that gravity is a real force, he must invoke action at a distance because of his explicit failure to characterize the mechanism underlying gravity. To avoid distant action, however, he must admit that gravity is not a real force, and that he has therefore failed to discover the actual cause of the phenomena associated with it. A reinterpretation of (...)
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  30. Franklin and Newton an Inquiry Into Speculative Newtonian Experimental Science and Franklin's Work in Electricity as an Example Thereof.I. Bernard Cohen, Isaac Newton & Benjamin Franklin - 1956 - American Philosophical Society.
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  31. The Mathematical Papers of Isaac Newton, Volume VIII: 1697-1722.D. T. Whiteside & Isaac Newton - 1984 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 35 (3):303-307.
     
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  32.  3
    Peron's Cultural Influence.Andrew King - 2011 - Cultural Studies Review 17 (2).
    A review of Matthew Karush and Oscar Chamosa, The New Cultural History of Peronism: Power and Identity in Mid-Twentieth Century Argentina.
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  33.  54
    Newton as Philosopher.Andrew Janiak - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
    Newton's philosophical views are unique and uniquely difficult to categorise. In the course of a long career from the early 1670s until his death in 1727, he articulated profound responses to Cartesian natural philosophy and to the prevailing mechanical philosophy of his day. Newton as Philosopher presents Newton as an original and sophisticated contributor to natural philosophy, one who engaged with the principal ideas of his most important predecessor, René Descartes, and of his most influential critic, G. (...)
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  34. Paradise Regain'd, a Poem. To Which is Added Samson Agonistes: And Poems Upon Several Occasions. From the Text of T. Newton[REVIEW]John Milton & Thomas Newton - 1758
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  35.  62
    Popper, Science and Rationality: W. H. Newton-Smith.W. H. Newton-Smith - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 39:13-30.
    We all think that science is special. Its products—its technological spin-off—dominate our lives which are thereby sometimes enriched and sometimes impoverished but always affected. Even the most outlandish critics of science such as Feyerabend implicitly recognize its success. Feyerabend told us that science was a congame. Scientists had so successfully hood-winked us into adopting its ideology that other equally legitimate forms of activity—alchemy, witchcraft and magic—lost out. He conjured up a vision of much enriched lives if only we could free (...)
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  36.  15
    Isaac Newton's Scientific Method: Turning Data Into Evidence About Gravity and Cosmology.William L. Harper - 2011 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Isaac Newton's Scientific Method examines Newton's argument for universal gravity and his application of it to resolve the problem of deciding between geocentric and heliocentric world systems by measuring masses of the sun and planets. William L. Harper suggests that Newton's inferences from phenomena realize an ideal of empirical success that is richer than prediction. Any theory that can achieve this rich sort of empirical success must not only be able to predict the phenomena it purports to (...)
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  37.  38
    The Blue and Brown Books.Newton Garver - 1961 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 21 (4):576-577.
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  38. Newton's Regulae Philosophandi.Zvi Biener - 2018 - In Chris Smeenk & Eric Schliesser (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Isaac Newton. Oxford University Press.
    Newton’s Regulae philosophandi—the rules for reasoning in natural philosophy—are maxims of causal reasoning and induction. This essay reviews their significance for Newton’s method of inquiry, as well as their application to particular propositions within the Principia. Two main claims emerge. First, the rules are not only interrelated, they defend various facets of the same core idea: that nature is simple and orderly by divine decree, and that, consequently, human beings can be justified in inferring universal causes from limited (...)
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  39. Paradise Lost, a Poem. From the Text of T. Newton.John Milton & Thomas Newton - 1758
     
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  40. Newton on Active and Passive Quantities of Matter.Adwait A. Parker - 2020 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 84:1-11.
    Newton published his deduction of universal gravity in Principia (first ed., 1687). To establish the universality (the particle-to-particle nature) of gravity, Newton must establish the additivity of mass. I call ‘additivity’ the property a body's quantity of matter has just in case, if gravitational force is proportional to that quantity, the force can be taken to be the sum of forces proportional to each particle's quantity of matter. Newton's argument for additivity is obscure. I analyze and assess (...)
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  41.  32
    Ugo Perone's Philosophy at the Threshold: Space, Time and (Simulated) Political Life.Robert T. Valgenti - 2010 - Symposium: Canadian Journal of Continental Philosophy/Revue canadienne de philosophie continentale 14 (2):35-44.
    The article examines the philosophical works of Ugo Perone. It explores the different aspects of temporality and spatiality inherent in Perone's understanding of time in the figure of threshold, and analyzes the notion of the so-called political present. Also investigated are the claims of Perone about the significance of politics and the public space on the human life.
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  42. George Eliot, Romantic Humanist a Study of the Philosophical Structure of Her Novels /K.M. Newton. --. --.K. M. Newton - 1981 - Barnes & Noble Books, 1981.
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  43. I NTRODUCCIÓN M ucha gente tiende a pensar que con la teoría de la relatividad de Einstein, el concepto de tiempo absoluto de Isaac Newton quedó totalmente refutado. 1 En este trabajo nos proponemos explorar la idea de que, al.Einstein Y. La Noción De Newton - 2001 - Signos Filosóficos 5:65-81.
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  44. Principes mathématiques de la philosophie naturelle, t. I, Préfaces, suivies des Livres 1 et 2 de Newton : Du Mouvement des Corps, t. II : Livre 3 de Newton : Du système du monde. [REVIEW]Isaac Newton & Marquise du Chastellet - 1968 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 73 (3):378-382.
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  45.  11
    Newton and Empiricism.Zvi Biener & Eric Schliesser (eds.) - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    This is the first volume of original commissioned papers on the subject of Newton and empiricism. The chapters, contributed by a leading team of both established and younger international scholars, explore the nature and extent of Newton's relationship to a variety of empiricisms and empiricists.
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  46.  7
    The Principia: Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy.Isaac Newton - 1999 - University of California Press.
    Presents Newton's unifying idea of gravitation and explains how he converted physics from a science of explanation into a general mathematical system.
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  47.  82
    Rethinking Newton’s Principia.Simon Saunders - 2013 - Philosophy of Science 80 (1):22-48.
    It is widely accepted that the notion of an inertial frame is central to Newtonian mechanics and that the correct space-time structure underlying Newton’s methods in Principia is neo-Newtonian or Galilean space-time. I argue to the contrary that inertial frames are not needed in Newton’s theory of motion, and that the right space-time structure for Newton’s Principia requires the notion of parallelism of spatial directions at different times and nothing more. Only relative motions are definable in this (...)
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  48.  94
    Newton’s Substance Monism, Distant Action, and the Nature of Newton’s Empiricism: Discussion of H. Kochiras “Gravity and Newton’s Substance Counting Problem”.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):160-166.
    This paper is a critical response to Hylarie Kochiras’ “Gravity and Newton’s substance counting problem,” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 40 267–280. First, the paper argues that Kochiras conflates substances and beings; it proceeds to show that Newton is a substance monist. The paper argues that on methodological grounds Newton has adequate resources to respond to the metaphysical problems diagnosed by Kochiras. Second, the paper argues against the claim that Newton is committed to two (...)
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  49.  30
    Newton’s Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica "Jesuit" Edition: The Tenor of a Huge Work.Raffaele Pisano & Paolo Bussotti - 2014 - Rendiconti Accademia Dei Lincei Matematica E Applicazioni 25 (4):413-444.
    This paper has the aim to provide a general view of the so called Jesuit Edition (hereafter JE) of Newton’s Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (1739–1742). This edition was conceived to explain all Newton’s methods through an apparatus of notes and commentaries. Every Newton’s proposition is annotated. Because of this, the text – in four volumes – is one of the most important documents to understand Newton’s way of reasoning. This edition is well known, but systematic works (...)
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  50. Newton’s Challenge to Philosophy: A Programmatic Essay.Eric Schliesser - 2011 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 1 (1):101-128.
    I identify a set of interlocking views that became (and still are) very influential within philosophy in the wake of Newton’s success. These views use the authority of natural philosophy/mechanics to settle debates within philosophy. I label these “Newton’s Challenge.”.
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