Results for 'Neil A. Granitz'

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  1.  8
    Individual, social and organizational sources of sharing and variation in the ethical reasoning of managers.Neil A. Granitz - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (2):101 - 124.
    A growth in consumer and media ethical consciousness has resulted in the need for organizations to ensure that members understand, share and project an approved and unified set of ethics. Thus understanding which variables are related to sharing and variation of ethical reasoning and moral intent, and the relative strength of these variables is critical. While past research has examined individual (attitudes, values, etc.), social (peers, significant others, etc.) and organizational (codes of conduct, senior management, etc.) variables, it has focused (...)
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  2.  6
    Actual and perceived sharing of ethical reasoning and moral intent among in-group and out-group members.Neil A. Granitz & James C. Ward - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 33 (4):299 - 322.
    Despite an extensive amount of research studying the influence of significant others on an individual's ethical behavior, researchers have not examined this variable in the context of organizational group boundaries. This study tests actual and perceptual sharing and variation in ethical reasoning and moral intent within and across functional groups in an organization. Integrating theory on ethical behavior, group dynamics, and culture, it is proposed that organizational structure affects cognitive structure. Departmental boundaries create stronger social ties within the group as (...)
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  3. Applying Ethical Theories: Interpreting and Responding to Student Plagiarism.Neil Granitz & Dana Loewy - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 72 (3):293-306.
    Given the tremendous proliferation of student plagiarism involving the Internet, the purpose of this study is to determine which theory of ethical reasoning students invoke when defending their transgressions: deontology, utilitarianism, rational self-interest, Machiavellianism, cultural relativism, or situational ethics. Understanding which theory of ethical reasoning students employ is critical, as preemptive steps can be taken by faculty to counteract this reasoning and prevent plagiarism. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that unethical behavior in school can lead to unethical behavior in business; (...)
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  4.  49
    The fine-tuning argument.Neil A. Manson - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (1):271-286.
    The Fine-Tuning Argument (FTA) is a variant of the Design Argument for the existence of God. In this paper the evidence of fine-tuning is explained and the Fine-Tuning Design Argument for God is presented. Then two objections are covered. The first objection is that fine-tuning can be explained in terms of the existence of multiple universes (the 'multiverse') plus the operation of the anthropic principle. The second objection is the 'normalizability problem'– the objection that the Fine-Tuning Argument fails because fine-tuning (...)
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  5.  26
    Teaching & Learning Guide for: Cosmic Fine‐tuning, the Multiverse Hypothesis, and the Inverse Gambler's Fallacy.Neil A. Manson - 2023 - Philosophy Compass 18 (3):e12906.
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  6.  22
    Two modes of learning for interactive tasks.Neil A. Hayes & Donald E. Broadbent - 1988 - Cognition 28 (3):249-276.
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  7.  11
    Cognitive Science: An Introduction.Neil A. Stillings - 1995 - MIT Press.
    Cognitive Science is a single-source undergraduate text that broadly surveys the theories and empirical results of cognitive science within a consistent computational perspective. In addition to covering the individual contributions of psychology, philosophy, linguistics, and artificial intelligence to cognitive science, the book has been revised to introduce the connectionist approach as well as the classical symbolic approach and adds a new chapter on cognitively related advances in neuroscience. Cognitive science is a rapidly evolving field that is characterized by considerable contention (...)
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  8. God and Design: The Teleological Argument and Modern Science.Neil A. Manson - 2005 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 57 (2):139-142.
     
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  9. Cosmic Fine‐Tuning, the Multiverse Hypothesis, and the Inverse gambler's Fallacy.Neil A. Manson - 2022 - Philosophy Compass 17 (9):e12873.
    The multiverse hypothesis is one of the leading proposed explanations of cosmic fine-tuning for life. One common objection to the multiverse hypothesis is that, even if it were true, it would not explain why this universe, our universe, is fine-tuned for life. To think it would so explain is allegedly to commit “the inverse gambler's fallacy.” This paper presents what the inverse gambler's fallacy is supposed to be, then surveys the discussion of it in the philosophical literature of the last (...)
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  10.  15
    Formulating the Precautionary Principle.Neil A. Manson - 2002 - Environmental Ethics 24 (3):263-274.
    In part one, I identify the core logical structure of the precautionary principle and distinguish it from the various key concepts that appear in the many different formulations of the principle. I survey these concepts and suggest a program of further conceptual analysis. In part two, I examine a particular version of the precautionary principle dubbed “the catastrophe principle” and criticize it in light of its similarities to the principle at work in Pascal’s Wager. I conclude with some suggestions for (...)
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  11.  9
    Reframing the debate between agency and stakeholder theories of the firm.Neil A. Shankman - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 19 (4):319 - 334.
    The conflict between agency and stakeholder theories of the firm has long been entrenched in organizational and management literature. At the core of this debate are two competing views of the firm in which assumptions and process contrast each other so sharply that agency and stakeholder views of the firm are often described as polar opposites. The purpose of this paper is to show how agency theory can be subsumed within a general stakeholder model of the firm. By analytically deconstructing (...)
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  12.  8
    Effect of number of secondary reinforcers on resistance to extinction in children.Neil A. Johnson - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):375.
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  13.  14
    The Attempt to Pass the Genetic Privacy Act in Maryland.Neil A. Holtzman - 1995 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 23 (4):367-370.
    The Genetic Privacy Act is a comprehensive effort to protect individuals from unauthorized analysis of their DNA and from unauthorized disclosure of information resulting from genetic analysis. Irrespective of merit, every bill must survive legislative scrutiny. This is a considerable challenge, particularly for a bill as complex and far-reaching as the GPA. To illustrate my point, I describe the fate of two bills introduced into the Maryland Senate in 1995 by Senator Jennie Forehand. The first, also entitled the Genetic Privacy (...)
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  14.  23
    There is no adequate definition of ?Fine-tuned for life?Neil A. Manson - 2000 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 43 (3):341 – 351.
    The discovery that the universe is fine-tuned for life ? a discovery to which the phrase ?the anthropic principle? is often applied ? has prompted much extra-cosmic speculation by philosophers, theologians, and theoretical physicists. Such speculation is referred to as extra-cosmic because an inference is made to the existence either of one unobservable entity that is distinct from the cosmos and any of its parts (God) or of many such entities (multiple universes). In this article a case is mounted for (...)
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  15.  7
    Gene silencing is an ancient means of producing multiple phenotypes from the same genotype.Neil A. Youngson, Suyinn Chong & Emma Whitelaw - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (2):95-99.
  16.  11
    God and design: the teleological argument and modern science.Neil A. Manson (ed.) - 2003 - New York: Routledge.
    Recent discoveries in physics, cosmology and biochemistry have captured the public imagination and made the Design Argument - the theory that God created the world according to a specific plan - the object of renewed scientific and philosophical interest. This accessible but serious introduction to the design problem brings together new perspectives from prominent scientists and philosophers including Paul Davies, Richard Swinburne, Sir Martin Rees, Michael Behe, Elliot Sober and Peter van Inwagen.
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  17.  3
    One wave or three? A problem for realism.Neil A. Sheldon - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (4):431-436.
  18.  17
    Fine-tuning, multiple universes, and the "this universe" objection.Neil A. Manson & Michael J. Thrush - 2003 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 84 (1):67–83.
    When it is suggested that the fine‐tuning of the universe for life provides evidence for a cosmic designer, the multiple‐universe hypothesis is often presented as an alternative. Some philosophers object that the multiple‐universe hypothesis fails to explain why this universe is fine‐tuned for life. We suggest the “This Universe” objection is no better than the “This Planet” objection. We also fault proponents of the “This Universe” objection for presupposing that we could not have existed in any other universe and that (...)
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  19.  8
    The 'why design?' Question.Neil A. Manson - 2008 - In Yujin Nagasawa & Erik J. Wielenberg (eds.), New waves in philosophy of religion. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 68.
  20.  6
    The psychophysics of categorical perception.Neil A. Macmillan, Howard L. Kaplan & C. Douglas Creelman - 1977 - Psychological Review 84 (5):452-471.
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  21.  12
    The psychophysics of subliminal perception.Neil A. Macmillan - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (1):38-39.
  22.  12
    Deciding about decision models of remember and know judgments: A reply to Murdock (2006).Neil A. Macmillan & Caren M. Rotello - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):657-664.
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  23.  17
    This is philosophy of religion: an introduction.Neil A. Manson - 2021 - Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
    This book was written with my University of Mississippi "Philosophy of Religion" students in mind. Many of them have no prior experience with philosophy. That is why Chapter One begins with a crash course in philosophy, with an emphasis on the basic concepts in logic, metaphysics, and epistemology. While not all students may need to cover that material, quite a few will. And for the rest, a refresher never hurts. I am sure this applies to many "Philosophy of Religion" courses (...)
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  24.  54
    Why Shouldn’t Insurance Companies Know Your Genetic Information?Neil A. Manson - 2007 - Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (9999):345-356.
    In this paper I state and reject two of the most commonly given arguments for regulating access by insurance companies to the results of genetic tests. I then argue that since we cannot assume a priori that those genetically predisposed to disease will have worse health outcomes than those not so disposed, we cannot know a priori that genetic discrimination will emerge as a major problem in a free market health insurance system. Finally, I explore the possibility of a free-market (...)
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  25.  2
    Applications of artificial intelligence for organic chemistry: Analysis of C-13 spectra.Neil A. B. Gray - 1984 - Artificial Intelligence 22 (1):1-21.
  26.  18
    Sum-Difference Theory of Remembering and Knowing: A Two-Dimensional Signal-Detection Model.Caren M. Rotello, Neil A. Macmillan & John A. Reeder - 2004 - Psychological Review 111 (3):588-616.
  27.  40
    Fine-Tuning.Neil A. Manson - 2019 - The Philosophers' Magazine 86:99-105.
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  28.  2
    The refutation of the generalization argument.Neil A. Dorman - 1964 - Ethics 74 (2):150-154.
    Marcus singer's deduction of the generalization argument in "generalization in ethics" is not sound. The argument itself is invalid, But there is a valid moral principle which is very similar to the one singer thinks he has proved. This valid principle is that if the consequences of not having a rule against x would be undesirable, Then there should be a rule against x. But this is not the same as to say that if the consequences of everyone's doing x (...)
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  29.  3
    Considering the Fetus as Messenger.Neil A. Ward - 2020 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 63 (3):532-534.
    I reviewed Pope Francis’s Address as one acutely aware of the extremely murky psycho-political cloud surrounding womb-determinism in the United States, and coming to it without any religion-based predisposition on the issue.I made note that Pope Francis’s main point is not proscriptive. He gives a low profile to any dogmatic definition of the sanctity of life. His tone is humane, not doctrinal.The Pope proposes that the fetus, like the child who follows, is basically a messenger, communicating from the womb and (...)
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  30.  4
    A note on Rescher's “a theory of evidence”.Neil A. Gallagher - 1963 - Philosophical Studies 14 (6):86 - 87.
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  31.  10
    A future for presentism - by Craig Bourne.Neil A. Manson - 2008 - Philosophical Books 49 (1):65-67.
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  32. Signal detection theory.Neil A. Macmillan - 2002 - In J. Wixted & H. Pashler (eds.), Stevens' Handbook of Experimental Psychology. Wiley.
     
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  33. Cognitive psychology: The architecture of the mind.Neil A. Stillings - 1995 - In Cognitive Science: An Introduction. MIT Press.
     
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  34.  11
    Marxism, Nationalism, and Russia.Neil A. Martin - 1968 - Journal of the History of Ideas 29 (2):231.
  35.  23
    Anthropocentrism and the design argument.Neil A. Manson - 2000 - Religious Studies 36 (2):163-176.
    The design argument for the existence of God is often criticized for resting on anthropocentrism. Some critics maintain that anthropocentrism explains the origin of the design argument. Such critics commit the genetic fallacy. Others say anthropocentrism explains the appeal of the belief that human beings are ends especially worthy of creation. They fail to appreciate that the design argument need not be framed in terms of the fitness of the universe for humanity. Lastly, some say the design argument requires a (...)
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  36.  6
    God and time.Neil A. Manson - 2005 - Philosophical Books 46 (1):66-70.
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  37.  8
    "Decision-making models of remember-know judgments: Comment on Rotello, Macmillan, and Reeder (2004)": Reply to postscript.Neil A. Macmillan & Caren M. Rotello - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):664-665.
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  38. Naming God: Moses Maimonides and Thomas Aquinas.Neil A. Stubbens - 1990 - The Thomist 54 (2):229-267.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:NAMING GOD: MOSES MAIMONIDES AND THOMAS AQUINAS NEIL A. 8TUBBENS The Methodist Ohurch Barnsley Oircuit, South Yorkshire MOSES MAIMONIDES (1135-U04) and Thomas Aquinas (c. U~5-1274), two of the greatest theologians of the Jewish and Christian faiths, had much in oommon.1 Like other Ohristian.writers, Aquinas made several criticisms of Maimonides' views on divine predication. In this article l will discuss these criticisms and evaluate them by means of a (...)
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  39.  9
    Psychophysical laws: A call for deregulation.Neil A. Macmillan, Louis D. Braida & Nathaniel I. Durlach - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (2):282-282.
  40.  4
    Response to “Animal Interrupted”.Neil A. Manson - 2014 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 52 (S1):134-139.
    Strong conventionalism goes wrong well before cases of transfiguration even arise. Assuming it is a “rock-bottom” form of conventionalism, it cannot deliver on its promise to resolve the classic transporter case. In the classic transporter case, the transported individual is not specified as being a member of any person-determining community, and so there is no fact of the matter whether the transported individual survives.
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  41.  9
    Anthropocentrism, Exoplanets, and the Cosmic Perspective.Neil A. Manson - 2012 - Environmental Ethics 34 (3):275-290.
    Nonanthropocentric environmental philosophy is a response to two kinds of anthropocentrism: personal anthropocentrism, according to which being human involves the possession of some or all of a set of properties typical of persons, and biological anthropocentrism, according to which being a human involves being a member of the species Homo sapiens. Nonanthropocentric environmental philosophy itself becomes problematic when it is viewed in terms of two arguments that it often seems to imply: the “Planetary Perspective Argument,” which rejects both forms of (...)
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  42.  2
    Naming God: Moses Maimonides and Thomas Aquinas.Neil A. Stubbens - 1990 - The Thomist 54 (2):229-267.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:NAMING GOD: MOSES MAIMONIDES AND THOMAS AQUINAS NEIL A. 8TUBBENS The Methodist Ohurch Barnsley Oircuit, South Yorkshire MOSES MAIMONIDES (1135-U04) and Thomas Aquinas (c. U~5-1274), two of the greatest theologians of the Jewish and Christian faiths, had much in oommon.1 Like other Ohristian.writers, Aquinas made several criticisms of Maimonides' views on divine predication. In this article l will discuss these criticisms and evaluate them by means of a (...)
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  43.  5
    The Effect of Education on Physicians’ Knowledge of a Laboratory Test: The Case of Maternal Serum Alpha-Fetoprotein Screening.Neil A. Holtzman, Ruth R. Faden, Claire O. Leonard, Gary A. Chase & S. R. Ulrich - 1991 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 2 (4):243-247.
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  44.  4
    Factors of teacher beliefs related to integrating agriculture into elementary school classrooms.Neil A. Knobloch - 2008 - Agriculture and Human Values 25 (4):529-539.
    Elementary students need authentic learning experiences with community-based topics to motivate them, help develop inquiry skills, apply academic content, and connect their learning beyond the context of the classroom. In particular, the study of food, agriculture, and natural resources in elementary classrooms can bring learning to life. Elementary teachers’ decisions to teach non-required topics are informed by their personal beliefs and contextual pressures to teach required content that is aligned with state learning standards. The purpose of this descriptive study is (...)
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  45.  4
    Cosmic fine-tuning, 'many universe' theories, and the goodness of life.Neil A. Manson - unknown
    This volume addresses the role value judgments play in science. It is my contention that a particular research programme in modern physical cosmology rests crucially on a value judgment. Before making my case, let me introduce the following abbreviations for the following propositions.
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  46.  60
    Divine Omniscience and Omnipotence In Medieval Philosophy. [REVIEW]Neil A. Stubbens - 1988 - Idealistic Studies 18 (2):185-186.
    This collection of thirteen previously unpublished essays arose from a conference in 1982 entitled “Divine Omniscience, Omnipotence, and Future Contingents in Medieval Islamic, Jewish, and Christian Thought.” The book is divided into four sections: two essays provide an introduction to the subject; four give an account of various Islamic views; a further four concern Jewish writers; and the last three focus on Christian thought.
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  47.  10
    Better ways to study penetrability with detection theory.Neil A. Macmillan - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (3):384-384.
    Signal detection theory (SDT) is best known as a method for separating sensitivity from bias. If sensitivity reflects early sensory processing and bias later cognition, then SDT can be use to study penetrability by asking whether cognitive manipulations affect sensitivity. This assumption is too simple, but SDT can nonetheless be helpful in developing specific methods of how sensory and cognitive information combine. Two such approaches are described.
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  48.  6
    The design argument and natural theology.Neil A. Manson - 2013 - In J. H. Brooke, F. Watts & R. R. Manning (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Natural Theology. Oxford Up. pp. 295.
    In the broadest sense, natural theology is the effort to gain knowledge of God from non-revealed sources – that is, from sources other than scripture and religious experience – but there is also a much narrower sense of natural theology: the construction of arguments for the existence of God from empirical evidence. This narrower sense is most strongly associated with the argument for God's existence from the appearance that the natural world has been constructed for a purpose. This argument is (...)
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  49.  5
    Eugenics and Genetic Testing.Neil A. Holtzman - 1998 - Science in Context 11 (3-4):397-417.
    The ArgumentPressures to lower health-care costs remain an important stimulus to eugenic approaches. Prenatal diagnosis followed by abortion of affected fetuses has replaced sterilization as the major eugenic technique. Voluntary acceptance has replaced coercion, but subtle pressures undermine personal autonomy. The failure of the old eugenics to accurately predict who will have affected offspring virtually disappears when prenatal diagnosis is used to predict Mendelian disorders. However, when prenatal diagnosis is used to detect inherited susceptibilities to adult-onset, common, complex disorders, considerable (...)
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  50. Cosmic fine-tuning, 'many universe' theories, and the goodness of life.Neil A. Manson - 2003 - In Willem B. Drees (ed.), Is nature ever evil?: religion, science, and value. New York: Routledge. pp. 100--139.
     
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