Results for 'Necessity (Philosophy)'

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  1.  8
    Hampshire Stuart. Logical necessity. Philosophy, vol. 23 , pp. 332–345.Charles A. Baylis - 1949 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 14 (3):203-204.
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  2.  42
    Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Kripke and Naming and Necessity.Harold W. Noonan - 2012 - New York: Routledge.
    Saul Kripke is one of the most important philosophers of the twentieth century. His most celebrated work, Naming and Necessity , makes arguably the most important contribution to the philosophy of language and metaphysics in recent years. Asking fundamental questions – how do names refer to things in the world? Do objects have essential properties? What are natural kind terms and to what do they refer? – he challenges prevailing theories of language and conceptions of metaphysics, especially the (...)
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  3. Necessity and philosophy in Plato's Republic.Russell Winslow - 2024 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Necessity and Philosophy in Plato's Republic offers an interpretation of the concept of necessity in what is perhaps Plato's most read dialogue. The book argues that to read the Republic through the lens of necessity is to reimagine what this pervasive concept might mean for us and for the limits of human reason.
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  4.  12
    A gap between the philosophy and the practice of palliative healthcare: sociological perspectives on the practice of nurses in specialised palliative homecare.Stinne Glasdam, Frida Ekstrand, Maria Rosberg & Ann-Margrethe van der Schaaf - 2020 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 23 (1):141-152.
    Palliative care philosophy is based on a holistic approach to patients, but research shows that possibilities for living up to this philosophy seem limited by historical and administrative structures. From the nurse perspective, this article aims to explore nursing practice in specialised palliative homecare, and how it is influenced by organisational and cultural structures. Qualitative, semi-structured interviews with nine nurses were conducted, inspired by Bourdieu. The findings showed that nurses consolidate the doxa of medicine, including medical-professional values that (...)
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  5. Introduction to Systems Philosophy: Toward a New Paradigm of Contemporary Thought.Ervin Laszlo - 1972 - Gordon & Breach.
    Chapter 1 WHY SYSTEMS PHILOSOPHY? Some reasons, for synthetic philosophy generally The persistent theme of this study is the timeliness and the necessity of ...
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  6.  15
    The necessity of reflection in the oral history of philosophy.Olha Simoroz - 2019 - Filosofska Dumka (Philosophical Thought) 4:53-66.
    The oral history of philosophy is in the process of establishing. The article argues that this discipline is fundamentally different from the oral history of philosophers because the oral history of philosophy has to produce besides the empirical data (interview texts) but also a theoretical reflection that is inherent in any form of philosophy. The core product of oral history is the living narrative of a witness, which is only a starting point for the oral history of (...)
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  7. Naming and Necessity: Lectures Given to the Princeton University Philosophy Colloquium.Saul A. Kripke - 1980 - Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Edited by Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel.
  8.  88
    What is This Thing Called Philosophy of Language?Gary Kemp - 2013 - New York: Routledge.
    Philosophy of language explores some of the fundamental yet most technical problems in philosophy, such as meaning and reference, semantics, and propositional attitudes. Some of its greatest exponents, including Gottlob Frege, Ludwig Wittgenstein and Bertrand Russell are amongst the major figures in the history of philosophy. In this clear and carefully structured introduction to the subject Gary Kemp explains the following key topics: the basic nature of philosophy of language and its historical development early arguments concerning (...)
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  9. Naming and necessity.Saul A. Kripke - 2010 - In Darragh Byrne & Max Kölbel (eds.), Arguing about language. New York: Routledge. pp. 431-433.
    _Naming and Necessity_ has had a great and increasing influence. It redirected philosophical attention to neglected questions of natural and metaphysical necessity and to the connections between these and theories of naming, and of identity. This seminal work, to which today's thriving essentialist metaphysics largely owes its impetus, is here reissued in a newly corrected form with a new preface by the author. If there is such a thing as essential reading in metaphysics, or in philosophy of language, (...)
     
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  10.  36
    Necessity and Nature in Spinoza's Philosophy.Don Garrett - 2018 - New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
  11.  86
    The necessity of pragmatism: John Dewey's conception of philosophy.R. W. Sleeper - 1986 - Urbana: University of Illinois.
    In this first paperback edition, a new introduction by Tom Burke establishes the ongoing importance of Sleeper's analysis of the integrity of Dewey's work and ...
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  12.  84
    Necessity and Physical Laws in Descartes's Philosophy.Janet Broughton - 1987 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 68 (3/4):205.
    I argue that although in his earlier work descartes thought of the laws of motion as "eternal truths," he later came to think of them as truths whose necessity is of a different type.
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  13. Of liberty and necessity: the free will debate in eighteenth-century British philosophy.James A. Harris - 2005 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The eighteenth century was a time of brilliant philosophical innovation in Britain. In Of Liberty and Necessity James A. Harris presents the first comprehensive account of the period's discussion of what remains a central problem of philosophy, the question of the freedom of the will. He offers new interpretations of contributions to the free will debate made by canonical figures such as Locke, Hume, Edwards, and Reid, and also discusses in detail the arguments of some less familiar writers. (...)
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  14.  30
    Torture, necessity, and the union of law & philosophy.Kimberly Kessler Ferzan - manuscript
    This brief essay critiques the torture memoranda's use of the necessity defense from the perspectives of criminal law doctrine, criminal law theory, and moral philosophy.
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  15.  54
    What the Old Right of Necessity Can Do for the Contemporary Global Poor.Alejandra Mancilla - 2017 - Journal of Applied Philosophy:607-620.
    Given the grim global statistics of extreme poverty and socioeconomic inequalities, moral and political philosophers have focused on the duties of justice and assistance that arise therefrom. What the needy are morally permitted to do for themselves in this context has been, however, a mostly overlooked question. Reviving a medieval and early modern account of the right of necessity, I propose that a chronically deprived agent has a right to take, use and/or occupy whatever material resources are required to (...)
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  16.  95
    Causal necessity: a pragmatic investigation of the necessity of laws.Brian Skyrms - 1980 - New Haven: Yale University Press.
  17. Philosophy is its own time comprehended in thought.Robert B. Pippin - 2006 - Topoi 25 (1-2):85-90.
    So much philosophy is so unavoidably guided by intuitions, and such intuitions are so formed by examples, and such examples must of necessity present so cropped and abstract a picture of an instance or event or decision, that, left to its traditional methods, philosophy might be ill-equipped on its own to answer a question about the true content of an historical ideal like ``autonomy'', or authenticity or ``leading a free life''. One needs to bring so many factors (...)
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  18.  59
    Modalities in medieval philosophy.Simo Knuuttila - 1994 - New York: Routledge.
    Studies in modal notions, such as necessity, possibility or impossibility, have always played an important role in philosophical analysis. The history of these conceptions is a fascinating story of a variety of assumptions which have given shape to one part of rational discourse. A typical modern approach to modality is codified in what is generally known as possible worlds semantics. According to this view, necessity refers to what is actual in any alternative state of affairs, possibility to what (...)
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  19.  17
    Democracy, philosophy and sport: animating the agonistic spirit.Breana McCoy & Irena Martínková - 2022 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 49 (2):246-262.
    The three social practices – democracy, philosophy and sport – are more similar than we might initially suspect. They can be described as ‘essentially agonistic social practices’, that is, they are manifestations of ‘agon’ (contest). The possibility to participate in agonistic social practices derives from the human condition, i.e. from the necessity to care for one’s existence, which requires ongoing attention and decision-making, and which sometimes means going against others. We call this character of human existence by the (...)
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  20.  16
    A radical philosophy.Agnes Heller - 1984 - New York, N.Y.: Blackwell.
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  21. Necessity, Cause, and Blame: Perspectives on Aristotle’s Theory.Richard Sorabji - 1980 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    A discussion of Aristotle’s thought on determinism and culpability, Necessity, Cause, and Blame also reveals Richard Sorabji’s own philosophical commitments. He makes the original argument here that Aristotle separates the notions of necessity and cause, rejecting both the idea that all events are necessarily determined as well as the idea that a non-necessitated event must also be non-caused. In support of this argument, Sorabji engages in a wide-ranging discussion of explanation, time, free will, essence, and purpose in nature. (...)
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  22.  16
    Transcendental Philosophy and the Problem of Necessity in a Contingent World.Julia Jansen - 2015 - Metodo. International Studies in Phenomenology and Philosophy 2015 (1):47-80.
    Special Issue, n. I, ch. 1, On the Transcendental.
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  23. Transcendent Philosophy, Na’eeni School, and Muhammad Taghi Ja’fari on Free will and Necessity.Abdollah Nasri - 2015 - پژوهشنامه فلسفه دین 12 (2):159-184.
    The relation between free will and necessity is one of the most important issues regarding the problem of “free will”. This is because of the rule which indicates that “being not necessary, an event would not be came off”. There has been an ongoing debate among theologians, philosophers and Jurists on whether this rule includes free actions. Sadrain Philosophers believe that this rule is inclusive of human free actions, while followers of the Na’eeni school endorse the opposite. In this (...)
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  24.  41
    Necessity Lost: Modality and Logic in Early Analytic Philosophy, by Sanford Shieh.Fraser Macbride - 2022 - Mind 132 (526):539-548.
    What is this discipline called history of philosophy? What standards are relevant to its assessment? There aren’t single, straightforward answers to these quest.
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  25. Philosophy of Animal-Made Art | فلسفه‌ی هنرِ جانور-ساخت.Pouya Lotfi Yazdi - 2023 - Tehran: Negah-e Moaser Publishing.
    This work was presented at the Research Center for Philosophy of Science of the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (Iran) – in Aug 2020. --- -/- Briefly, in the first section of this Persian book, first of all, I (Hereafter: the writer) have presented generalities of Aesthetics and an interpretation of aesthetic universality (Hereafter: φ) and it is argued that each definition of art has to admit φ and this is a Kantian, minimalist, and subjective perspective view (some others would (...)
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  26.  3
    Induction and necessity in the philosophy of Aristotle.Gerd Buchdahl - 1963 - London: Aquin Press.
  27.  37
    The Philosophy of Antiphilosophy in Islam.Imran Aijaz - 2022 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 18 (2).
    In this article, I will examine Aristotle’s protreptic argument for the necessity of philosophy as it was deployed by Al-Kindi. I will show how a Muslim critic of philosophy, primarily one who is aligned with the theological outlook of Ibn Hanbal, can reasonably reject the protreptic argument as Al-Kindi presents it. The argument can, however, be reworked in a way to circumvent common criticisms of it presented by Hanbalī-style opponents of philosophy. Indeed, I will argue that, (...)
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  28.  40
    The Necessity Today of the Philosophy of Nature.Ivor Leclerc - 1973 - Process Studies 3 (3):158-168.
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  29.  17
    Necessity Lost: Modality and Logic in Early Analytic Philosophy, Volume 1.Sanford Shieh - 2019 - Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
    Philosophers since Aristotle have traditionally held that impossibilities make up the nature of logic. Sanford Shieh investigates an important but underexplored break with this tradition: Frege and Russell questioned whether there really are such things as possibilities or necessities, and sought the foundations of logic elsewhere.
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  30. The Necessity of Pragmatism: John Dewey's Conception of Philosophy.R. W. SLEEPER - 1986 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 23 (3):446-453.
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  31. On the necessity of distinguishing between (un)boundedness and (a)telicity.Ilse Depraetere - 1995 - Linguistics and Philosophy 18 (1):1 - 19.
    It is argued that two different types of concept are often intermingled in discussions of Aktionsart. The most common type of classification is one of situation types, relating to the potential actualisation of a situation, although some of the definitions have to do with the actual realization of the situation. This distinction, adequately captured by the notions (a)telicity and (un)boundedness (Declerck 1989), is explored and it is shown how NPs, PPs and tense influence a sentence''s classification as (un)bounded.
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  32.  73
    Ibn Khaldun's Philosophy of History: A Study in the Philosophic Foundation of the Science of Culture.Muhsin Mahdi - 1964 - University of Chicago Press.
    This book, first published in 1957, is the study of 14th-century Arab historian Ibn Khaldun, who founded a special science to consider history and culture, based on the philosophy of Plato and Aristotle and their Muslim followers. In no other field has the revolt of modern Western thought against traditional philosophy been so far-reaching in its consequences as in the field of history. Ibn Khaldun realized that history is more immediately related to action than political philosophy because (...)
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  33.  63
    Marx’s Realms of ‘Freedom’ and ‘Necessity’.James C. Klagge - 1986 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 16 (4):769 - 777.
    In 1844 Marx held that labor alienation was wholly eliminable, primarily through the abolition of private property. Work in the context of private property was alienating because it was performed for wages and the production of exchange-value. With such purposes, work was experienced as selfish and forced. With the abolition of private property, work would be performed for the production of use-¥alue, to satisfy human needs. With this human purpose, work would be experienced as a free and fulfilling expression of (...)
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  34. God's immutability and the necessity of Descartes's eternal truths.Dan Kaufman - 2005 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 43 (1):1-19.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Philosophy 43.1 (2005) 1-19 [Access article in PDF] God's Immutability and the Necessity of Descartes's Eternal Truths Dan Kaufman Descartes's doctrine of the creation of the eternal truths (henceforth "the Creation Doctrine") has been thought to be a particularly problematic doctrine, both internally inconsistent and detrimental to Descartes's system as a whole. According to the Creation Doctrine, the eternal truths, such as (...)
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  35. Kripke: names, necessity, and identity.Christopher Hughes - 2004 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Saul Kripke, in a series of classic writings of the 1960s and 1970s, changed the face of metaphysics and philosophy of language. Christopher Hughes offers a careful exposition and critical analysis of Kripke's central ideas about names, necessity, and identity. He clears up some common misunderstandings of Kripke's views on rigid designation, causality and reference, and the necessary a posteriori and contingent a priori. Through his engagement with Kripke's ideas Hughes makes a significant contribution to ongoing debates on, (...)
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  36. Necessity, essence, and individuation: a defense of conventionalism.Alan Sidelle - 1989 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
  37.  20
    Force Inside Identity: Self and Other in Améry’s “On the Necessity and Impossibility of Being a Jew”.Deborah Achtenberg - 2016 - Journal of French and Francophone Philosophy 24 (3):173-191.
    In a statement too strong even to summarize his own views, Jean-Paul Sartre famously declares in “Existentialism is a Humanism” that “man is nothing other than what he makes of himself.” It is bad faith, according to him, to attribute what I am to my family, culture, condition, etc., because through awareness of what I am and have been, I can determine whether what I am will continue into the future. Human being, as a result, is nothing but what he (...)
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  38.  40
    Necessity Lost. Modality and Logic in Early Analytic Philosophy.Adam Tamas Tuboly - 2019 - History and Philosophy of Logic 41 (1):97-100.
    Volume 41, Issue 1, February 2020, Page 97-100.
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  39.  11
    Necessity and Language.Morris Lazerowitz & Alice Ambrose - 2016 - Routledge.
    The problem of necessity remains one of the central issues in modern philosophy. The authors of this volume, originally published in 1985, developed a new approach to the problem, which focusses on the logical grammar of necessary propositions. This volume gathers their seminal essays on the problem of necessity, together with new material at the original time publication.
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  40.  39
    Simone Weil and Gerard Manley Hopkins on God, Affliction, Necessity and Sacrifice.John McDade - 2008 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 13 (1):1-16.
    Simone Weil's ideas on affliction and sacrifice have been interpreted by some as though they are the product of psychological problems. I will approach her writings on necessity and affliction through G. M. Hopkins' little prose masterpiece. Later I will suggest that she may be profitably related to some French spiritual writers in the 17th Century, who develop a link between the necessity of offering sacrifice to God and the radical contingency of created existence.
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  41.  17
    Necessity and Contingency in the Philosophy of Parmenides.James L. Wood - 2020 - Review of Metaphysics 73 (3):421-454.
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  42.  67
    Husserlian essentialism revisited : a study of essence, necessity and predication.Nicola Spinelli - 2016 - Dissertation, University of Warwick
    Husserlian Essentialism is the view, maintained byEdmundHusserl throughout his career, that necessary truths obtain because essentialist truths obtain. In this thesis I have two goals. First, to reconstruct and flesh out Husserlian Essentialism and its connections with surrounding areas of Husserl's philosophy in full detail – something which has not been done yet. Second, to assess the theoretical solidity of the view. As regards the second point, after having presented Husserlian Essentialism in the first two chapters, I raise a (...)
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  43.  44
    Divine Will and the Mechanical Philosophy: Gassendi and Descartes on Contingency and Necessity in the Created World.Margaret J. Osler - 1994 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book is about the influence of varying theological conceptions of contingency and necessity on two versions of the mechanical philosophy in the seventeenth century. Pierre Gassendi and René Descartes both believed that all natural phenomena could be explained in terms of matter and motion alone. They disagreed about the details of their mechanical accounts of the world, in particular about their theories of matter and their approaches to scientific method. This book traces their differences back to theological (...)
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  44.  61
    Problems about material and formal modes in the necessity of identity.Lawrence D. Roberts - 1985 - Journal of Philosophy 82 (10):562-572.
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  45.  24
    Rethinking Indian Philosophy.Nirbhai Singh - 2008 - Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 45:329-336.
    Today India is being crushed between two millstones of internal disintegration of man’s personality and society vis-à-vis globalization. India’s spiritual culture and multiple human cultures are being crushed. Indian culture is a lived experience of the inner self. We are to develop an integrative world-view of Indian Philosophy. We are concerned with Indian Philosophy in 2008. Philosopher analyzes ideology for restoring justice in society. He creates values, judgement and tries to translate them in praxis. His thinking is distinct (...)
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  46.  5
    The Philosophy of Wittgenstein: Logical Necessity and Rules.John V. Canfield - 1986 - New York, NY, USA: Garland.
  47. The Idea of Philosophy and its Historical Origin: Tran. by M. Bogaczyk-Vormayr.Edmund Husserl - 2013 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 58.
    The Idea of Philosophy and its Historical Origin is the first chapter on Edmund Husserl’s First Philosophy . First Philosophy, vol. I, is the edited and completed text of the course which Husserl gave under that title at the University of Freiburgim-Breisgau . The manuscript, written in Husserl’s shorthand, was typed by his assistant Ludwig Landgrebe. The article is an introduction to phenomenology as first philosophy and makes reference to the critical reflection of the historical interpretation (...)
     
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  48.  19
    Kantian Subjects: Critical Philosophy and Late Modernity.Karl Ameriks - 2019 - Oxford, United Kingdom: Oxford University Press.
    In this volume, Karl Ameriks explores 'Kantian subjects' in three senses. In Part I, he first clarifies the most distinctive features-such as freedom and autonomy-of Kant's notion of what it is for us to be a subject. Other chapters then consider related 'subjects' that are basic topics in other parts of Kant's philosophy, such as his notions of necessity and history. Part II examines the ways in which many of us, as 'late modern,' have been highly influenced by (...)
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  49.  13
    The Necessity Today of the Philosophy of Nature.Ivor Leclerc - 1974 - Proceedings of the XVth World Congress of Philosophy 4:319-326.
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  50.  11
    History in the Mirror of Philosophy.Vadim Mezhuev - 2016 - Epistemology and Philosophy of Science 47 (1):25-36.
    Philosophy of history is analyzed here from the point of its epistemological and ontological meaning. The author considers that the ontological point of view makes it possible to conceptualize the history as the unity of its all times - Past, Present and Future. The connection between these three times based on their relation to the concept of Eternity which has been symbolically formed within the mythological, religious and utopian Weltanschauung. The necessity of these relations transforms philosophy of (...)
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