20 found
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  1. Reframing Consent for Clinical Research: A Function-Based Approach.Scott Y. H. Kim, David Wendler, Kevin P. Weinfurt, Robert Silbergleit, Rebecca D. Pentz, Franklin G. Miller, Bernard Lo, Steven Joffe, Christine Grady, Sara F. Goldkind, Nir Eyal & Neal W. Dickert - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (12):3-11.
    Although informed consent is important in clinical research, questions persist regarding when it is necessary, what it requires, and how it should be obtained. The standard view in research ethics is that the function of informed consent is to respect individual autonomy. However, consent processes are multidimensional and serve other ethical functions as well. These functions deserve particular attention when barriers to consent exist. We argue that consent serves seven ethically important and conceptually distinct functions. The first four functions pertain (...)
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  2.  23
    Partnering With Patients to Bridge Gaps in Consent for Acute Care Research.Neal W. Dickert, Amanda Michelle Bernard, JoAnne M. Brabson, Rodney J. Hunter, Regina McLemore, Andrea R. Mitchell, Stephen Palmer, Barbara Reed, Michele Riedford, Raymond T. Simpson, Candace D. Speight, Tracie Steadman & Rebecca D. Pentz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (5):7-17.
    Clinical trials for acute conditions such as myocardial infarction and stroke pose challenges related to informed consent due to time limitations, stress, and severe illness. Consent processes shou...
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  3.  22
    Toward Meeting the Obligation of Respect for Persons in Pragmatic Clinical Trials.Stephanie R. Morain, Stephanie A. Kraft, Benjamin S. Wilfond, Amy Mcguire, Neal W. Dickert, Andrew Garland & Jeremy Sugarman - 2022 - Hastings Center Report 52 (3):9-17.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 52, Issue 3, Page 9-17, May–June 2022.
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  4.  11
    Surrogate Perspectives on Patient Preference Predictors: Good Idea, but I Should Decide How They Are Used.Dana Howard, Allan Rivlin, Philip Candilis, Neal W. Dickert, Claire Drolen, Benjamin Krohmal, Mark Pavlick & David Wendler - 2022 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 13 (2):125-135.
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  5.  18
    Reframing Recruitment: Evaluating Framing in Authorization for Research Contact Programs.Candace D. Speight, Charlie Gregor, Yi-An Ko, Stephanie A. Kraft, Andrea R. Mitchell, Nyiramugisha K. Niyibizi, Bradley G. Phillips, Kathryn M. Porter, Seema K. Shah, Jeremy Sugarman, Benjamin S. Wilfond & Neal W. Dickert - 2021 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 12 (3):206-213.
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  6.  18
    When Does Nudging Represent Fraudulent Disclosure?Jennifer Blumenthal-Barby, Neal W. Dickert & Derek Soled - 2021 - American Journal of Bioethics 21 (5):63-66.
    In the article “Informed Consent: What Must be Disclosed and What Must be Understood?” Joseph Millum and Danielle Bromwich argue that informed consent requires satisfaction of certain disclosure an...
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  7.  29
    Re-examining respect for human research participants.Neal W. Dickert - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (4):pp. 311-338.
    The demands of respect for persons when conducting clinical research are often reduced to respect for autonomy. In this paper, I re-examine the concept of respect for persons in light of important intuitions from our ordinary language usage of respect. I propose that there are many ways to respect persons as persons and that the core elements of respect for persons are: appreciating what is valuable or important about a person, recognizing the constraints or demands that such a valuation places (...)
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  8.  13
    Significant Protection-Inclusion Tensions in Research on Medical Emergencies: A Practical Challenge for IRBs.Rachel C. Conrad, Neal W. Dickert & Benjamin C. Silverman - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics 23 (6):91-93.
    Friesen et al. (2023) describe barriers to research in patient populations that have been historically labeled as vulnerable and, as a result, are under-represented in research due to the Instituti...
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  9.  9
    Shared Decision-Making for Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators: Policy Goals, Metrics, and Challenges.Birju R. Rao, Faisal M. Merchant, David H. Howard, Daniel Matlock & Neal W. Dickert - 2021 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 49 (4):622-629.
    Shared decision-making has become a new focus of health policy. Though its core elements are largely agreed upon, there is little consensus regarding which outcomes to prioritize for policy-mandated shared decision-making.
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  10.  21
    Community consultation: Not the problem - an important part of the solution.Neal W. Dickert & Jeremy Sugarman - 2006 - American Journal of Bioethics 6 (3):26 – 28.
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  11.  10
    The Importance of Listening to Patients and to Evidence Regarding Consent for Research.Neal W. Dickert - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (4):23-25.
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  12.  16
    The Value of Consent for Clinical Research Does Not Always Hinge on Understanding.Neal W. Dickert - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):20-22.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 20-22.
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  13.  14
    Patients' views of consent in clinical trials for acute myocardial infarction: impact of trial design.Neal W. Dickert, Kristopher A. Hendershot, Candace D. Speight & Alexandra E. Fehr - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (8):524-529.
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  14.  9
    Research involving the recently deceased: ethics questions that must be answered.Brendan Parent, Olivia S. Kates, Wadih Arap, Arthur Caplan, Brian Childs, Neal W. Dickert, Mary Homan, Kathy Kinlaw, Ayannah Lang, Stephen Latham, Macey L. Levan, Robert D. Truog, Adam Webb, Paul Root Wolpe & Rebecca D. Pentz - forthcoming - Journal of Medical Ethics.
    Research involving recently deceased humans that are physiologically maintained following declaration of death by neurologic criteria—or ‘research involving the recently deceased’—can fill a translational research gap while reducing harm to animals and living human subjects. It also creates new challenges for honouring the donor’s legacy, respecting the rights of donor loved ones, resource allocation and public health. As this research model gains traction, new empirical ethics questions must be answered to preserve public trust in all forms of tissue donation and (...)
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  15.  8
    A Pragmatic Trial for Emergency Medical Service Providers’ Prehospital Response to Suidality: Consent Is Not Essential, but Limited Patient Engagement May Be Meaningful.Neal W. Dickert - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (10):105-107.
    Volume 19, Issue 10, October 2019, Page 105-107.
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  16.  6
    Experimenting with modifications to consent forms in comparative effectiveness research: understanding the impact of language about financial implications and key information.Neal W. Dickert, Yi-An Ko, Ofer Sadan, Andrea R. Mitchell, Gabriel Najarro, Candace D. Speight & Nyiramugisha K. Niyibizi - 2022 - BMC Medical Ethics 23 (1):1-10.
    BackgroundInformed consent forms are intended to facilitate research enrollment decisions. However, the technical language in institutional templates can be unfamiliar and confusing for decision-makers. Standardized language describing financial implications of participation, namely compensation for injury and costs of care associated with participating, can be complex and could be a deterrent for potential participants. This standardized language may also be misleading in the context of comparative effectiveness trials of standard care interventions, in which costs and risk of injury associated with participating (...)
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  17.  2
    Focusing on Partnership in the Context of Limited Decision-Making Capacity.Neal W. Dickert - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (4):758-759.
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  18.  14
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “Partnering with Patients to Bridge Gaps in Consent for Acute Care Research”.Neal W. Dickert, A. Michelle Bernard, JoAnne M. Brabson, Rodney J. Hunter, Regina McLemore, Andrea R. Mitchell, Stephen Palmer, Barbara Reed, Michele Riedford, Raymond T. Simpson, Candace D. Speight, Tracie Steadman & Rebecca D. Pentz - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (8):W12-W13.
    Volume 20, Issue 8, August 2020, Page W12-W13.
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  19.  33
    Does experience matter? Implications for community consultation for research in emergency settings.Victoria M. Scicluna, Mohammed K. Ali, Rebecca D. Pentz, David W. Wright & Neal W. Dickert - 2017 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 8 (2):75-81.
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  20.  27
    Uninformed refusals: objections to enrolment in clinical trials conducted under an Exception from Informed Consent for emergency research.Victoria Vorholt & Neal W. Dickert - 2019 - Journal of Medical Ethics 45 (1):18-21.
    Clinical trials in emergency situations present unique challenges, because they involve enrolling individuals who lack capacity to consent in the context of acute illness or injury. The US Department of Health and Human Services and Food and Drug Administration regulations allowing an Exception from Informed Consent in these circumstances contain requirements for community consultation, public disclosure and restrictions on study risks and benefits. In this paper, we analyse an issue raised in the regulations that has received little attention or analysis (...)
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