Results for 'Natural history Philosophy'

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  1. A Natural History of Natural Theology: The Cognitive Science of Theology and Philosophy of Religion.Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt - 2015 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
    [from the publisher's website] Questions about the existence and attributes of God form the subject matter of natural theology, which seeks to gain knowledge of the divine by relying on reason and experience of the world. Arguments in natural theology rely largely on intuitions and inferences that seem natural to us, occurring spontaneously—at the sight of a beautiful landscape, perhaps, or in wonderment at the complexity of the cosmos—even to a nonphilosopher. In this book, Helen De Cruz (...)
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  2. Natural history and variability of organized beings in Kant's philosophy.Bogdana Stamenković - 2022 - Belgrade Philosophical Annual 1 (35):91-107.
    This paper aims to examine Kant’s views on evolution of organized beings and to show that Kant’s antievolutionary conclusions stem from his study of natural history and variability of organisms. Accordingly, I discuss Kant’s study of natural history and consider whether his conclusion about impossibility of knowledge about such history expands on the research of history of organized beings. Moving forward, I examine the notion of variability in Kant’s philosophy, and show that his (...)
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  3.  2
    Cultures and Institutions of Natural History: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science.Michael T. Ghiselin & Alan E. Leviton (eds.) - 2000 - California Academy of Sciences.
    Excerpt from Cultures and Institutions of Natural History: Essays in the History and Philosophy of Science This volume consists mainly of papers delivered at two meetings cosponsored by the Museo Civico di Storia Naturale in Milan and the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco. The first, on the Culture of Natural History, was held in Milan, November l4-l 6, I996. The second, on Institutions of Natural History, was held in San Francisco, (...)
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  4.  10
    Natural history and variability of organized beings in Kant's philosophy.Bogdana Stamenković - 2022 - Belgrade Philosophical Annual 35 (1):91-107.
    This paper aims to examine Kant's views on evolution of organized beings and to show that Kant's antievolutionary conclusions stem from his study of natural history and variability of organisms. Accordingly, I discuss Kant's study of natural history and consider whether his conclusion about impossibility of knowledge about such history expands on the research of history of organized beings. Moving forward, I examine the notion of variability in Kant's philosophy, and show that his (...)
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  5. Analogy, Natural History and the Philosophy of Nature: Kant, Herder and the Problem of Empirical Science.Dalia Nassar - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 9 (2):240-257.
  6. Natural history for the building up of philosophy.Francis Bacon - unknown
     
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  7.  8
    Nature, History, and Existentialism and other Essays in the Philosophy of History.Karl Löwith & Arnold Boyd Levison - 1966 - Northwestern University Press.
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  8.  73
    A natural history of a lonely man: Tamás Demeter : Essays on Wittgenstein and Austrian Philosophy—In Honour of J.C. Nyíri. Amsterdam, New York, Rodopi, 2004.István Danka - 2008 - Studies in East European Thought 60 (1-2):159-163.
  9.  53
    The Natural History of Aesthetics.Thomas H. Ford - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 9 (2):220-239.
    _ Source: _Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 220 - 239 Art has been crucial for Western philosophy roughly since Kant – that is, for what is becoming known as “correlationist” philosophy – because it has so often had assigned to it a singular ontological status. The artwork, in this view, is material being that has been transfigured and shot through with subjectivity. The work of art, what art does and how it works have all been understood as mediating (...)
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  10.  5
    Essays in Natural History and Philosophy. Containing a Series of Discoveries by the Assistance of Microscopes.John Hill, Whiston, Benjamin White, Paul Vaillant & Lockyer Davis - 2013 - Rarebooksclub.com.
    This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1752 edition. Excerpt:... to which the original Exclusion had been owing, the Points of two short and slender Hairs appear'd protruding themselves from its oval Surface. The thicker butoblong Bodies, from whose Extremities these grew, next forc'd themselves out, and it was evident to a-'n accustom'd Eye, that they were (...)
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  11.  4
    Kant and the transformation of natural history.Andrew Cooper - 2023 - Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Andrew Cooper presents the first systematic study of Kant's account of natural history. Cooper contends that Kant made a decisive contribution to one of the most explosive and understudied revolutions in the history of science: the addition of time to the frame in which explanations are required, sought, and justified in natural science. Through addressing a wide range of Kant's works, Cooper challenges the claim that Kant's theory of science denies a developmental conception of nature and (...)
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  12.  2
    Nature, History and Existentialism and Other Essays in the Philosophy of History[REVIEW]James Daly - 1968 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 17:323-325.
  13. Kant, race, and natural history.Stella Sandford - 2018 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 44 (9):950-977.
    This article presents a new argument concerning the relation between Kant’s theory of race and aspects of the critical philosophy. It argues that Kant’s treatment of the problem of the systematic unity of nature and knowledge in the Critique of Pure Reason and the Critique of the Power of Judgment can be traced back a methodological problem in the natural history of the period – that of the possibility of a natural system of nature. Kant’s transformation (...)
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  14.  6
    Nature, history, state, 1933-1934.Martin Heidegger - 2013 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Nature, History, State: 1933-1934 presents the first complete English-language translation of Heidegger's seminar 'On the Essence and Concepts of Nature, History and State', together with full introductory material and interpretive essays by five leading thinkers and scholars: Robert Bernasconi, Peter Eli Gordon, Marion Heinz, Theodore Kisiel and Slavoj Žižek. The seminar, which was held while Heidegger was serving as National Socialist rector of the University of Freiburg, represents important evidence of the development of Heidegger's political thought. The text (...)
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  15.  13
    A Natural History of Mathematics: George Peacock and the Making of English Algebra.Kevin Lambert - 2013 - Isis 104 (2):278-302.
    ABSTRACT In a series of papers read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society through the 1820s, the Cambridge mathematician George Peacock laid the foundation for a natural history of arithmetic that would tell a story of human progress from counting to modern arithmetic. The trajectory of that history, Peacock argued, established algebraic analysis as a form of universal reasoning that used empirically warranted operations of mind to think with symbols on paper. The science of counting would suggest arithmetic, (...)
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  16.  11
    The natural history of the understanding: Locke and the rise of facultative logic in the eighteenth century.James G. Buickerood - 1985 - History and Philosophy of Logic 6 (1):157-190.
    Whatever its merits and difficulties, the concept of logic embedded in much of the "new philosophy" of the early modern period was then understood to supplant contemporary views of formal logic. The notion of compiling a natural history of the understanding constituted the basis of this new concept of logic. The following paper attempts to trace this view of logic through some of the major and numerous minor texts of the period, centering on the development and influence (...)
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  17.  17
    History, Philosophy and Science Teaching: New Perspectives.Michael R. Matthews (ed.) - 2017 - Springer Verlag.
    This anthology opens new perspectives in the domain of history, philosophy, and science teaching research. Its four sections are: first, science, culture and education; second, the teaching and learning of science; third, curriculum development and justification; and fourth, indoctrination. The first group of essays deal with the neglected topic of science education and the Enlightenment tradition. These essays show that many core commitments of modern science education have their roots in this tradition, and consequently all can benefit from (...)
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  18. The Natural History of Desire.David Spurrett - 2015 - South African Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):304-313.
    Sterelny (2003) develops an idealised natural history of folk-psychological kinds. He argues that belief-like states are natural elaborations of simpler control systems, called detection systems, which map directly from environmental cue to response. Belief-like states exhibit robust tracking (sensitivity to multiple environmental states), and response breadth (occasioning a wider range of behaviours). The development of robust tracking and response-breadth depend partly on properties of the informational environment. In a transparent environment the functional relevance of states of the (...)
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  19. Nature, history, and existentialism.Karl Löwith - 1966 - Evanston [Ill.]: Northwestern University Press. Edited by Arnold Boyd Levison.
  20.  19
    A Natural History of Mathematics: George Peacock and the Making of English Algebra.Kevin Lambert - 2013 - Isis 104 (2):278-302.
    ABSTRACT In a series of papers read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society through the 1820s, the Cambridge mathematician George Peacock laid the foundation for a natural history of arithmetic that would tell a story of human progress from counting to modern arithmetic. The trajectory of that history, Peacock argued, established algebraic analysis as a form of universal reasoning that used empirically warranted operations of mind to think with symbols on paper. The science of counting would suggest arithmetic, (...)
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  21. Bacon, experimental philosophy and French Enlightenment natural history.Peter R. Anstey - 2018 - In Raphaelle Garrod & Paul Smith (eds.), Natural History in Early Modern France: The Poetics of an Epistemic Genre. Leiden, Netherlands: pp. 205–240.
    This chapter examines Francis Bacon's influence on Buffon's and Diderot's conceptions of natural history.
     
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  22.  96
    Francis Bacon's Natural History and Civil History: A Comparative Survey.Silvia Manzo - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (1-2):1-2.
    The aim of this paper is to offer a comparative survey of Bacon's theory and practice of natural history and of civil history, particularly centered on their relationship to natural philosophy and human philosophy. I will try to show that the obvious differences concerning their subject matter encompass a number of less obvious methodological and philosophical assumptions which reveal a significant practical and con ceptual convergence of the two fields. Causes or axioms are prescribed (...)
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  23. A Natural History of Negation.Laurence R. Horn - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 24 (2):164-168.
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  24. Natural goodness without natural history.Parisa Moosavi - 2022 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research:78-100.
    Neo‐Aristotelian ethical naturalism purports to show that moral evaluation of human action and character is an evaluation of natural goodness—a kind of evaluation that applies to living things in virtue of their nature and based on their form of life. The standard neo‐Aristotelian view defines natural goodness by way of generic statements describing the natural history, or the ‘characteristic’ life, of a species. In this paper, I argue that this conception of natural goodness commits the (...)
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  25.  11
    A natural history of the soul: who are we anyway? what does our future hold?Arnold M. Lund - 2021 - Edmonds, WA: Örn Press.
    What will your soul's gender be in Heaven? Will your pet Harry be there? Could your clone have a soul? Will eternity be fun? What is it with the ghosts of loved ones? A Natural History of the Soul makes a challenging topic accessible through an entertaining and readable exploration. It begins by reviewing beliefs about the soul and the afterlife in our popular culture, and looks at how they have evolved from the earliest humans. It identifies key (...)
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  26.  19
    Natural History and the Formation of the Human Being: Kant on Active Forces.Anik Waldow - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 58:67-76.
    In his 1785-review of the Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit, Kant objects to Herder's conception of nature as being imbued with active forces. This attack is usually evaluated against the background of Kant's critical project and his epistemological concern to caution against the “metaphysical excess” of attributing immanent properties to matter. In this paper I explore a slightly different reading by investigating Kant's pre-critical account of creation and generation. The aim of this is to show that Kant's struggle (...)
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  27.  3
    County Natural History: Indigenous Science in England, from Civil War to Glorious Revolution.David Beck - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (1):71-87.
    Early-modern natural history has frequently been interpreted as a handmaid of natural philosophy. Mary Poovey, for example, has argued that seventeenth-century nuggets of information only became ‘m...
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  28.  40
    Human nature, history, and the limits of critique.Kieran Setiya - 2024 - European Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):3-16.
    This essay defends a form of ethical naturalism in which ethical knowledge is explained by human nature. Human nature, here, is not the essence of the species but its natural history as socially and historically determined. The argument does not lead to social relativism, but it does place limits on the scope of ethical critique. As society becomes “total”, critique can only be immanent; to this extent, Adorno and the Frankfurt School are right.
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  29.  52
    A natural history of natural theology: The cognitive science of theology and philosophy of religion. [REVIEW]Wes Skolits - 2017 - Philosophical Psychology 30 (6):849-853.
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  30.  2
    The Natural History of Philosophy in Canada.Thomas Mathien - 1986 - Dialogue 25 (1):53-.
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  31.  76
    A Natural History of Natural Theology: The Cognitive Science of Theology and Philosophy of Religion. By Helen De Cruz and Johan De Smedt. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2015. xvii + 246 pages. US $36.00. [REVIEW]Christoffer H. Grundmann - 2015 - Zygon 50 (4):1024-1026.
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  32.  9
    History/philosophy/science: Some lessons for philosophy of history.John H. Zammito - 2011 - History and Theory 50 (3):390-413.
    ABSTRACTRheinberger's brief history brings into sharp profile the importance of history of science for a philosophical understanding of historical practice. Rheinberger presents thought about the nature of science by leading scientists and their interpreters over the course of the twentieth century as emphasizing increasingly the local and developmental character of their learning practices, thus making the conception of knowledge dependent upon historical experience, “historicizing epistemology.” Linking his account of thought about science to his own work on “experimental systems,” (...)
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  33.  4
    A natural history of belief.Kevin Falvey - 1999 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 80 (4):324-345.
    Contemporary philosophy of mind is dominated by a conception of our propositional attitude concepts as comprising a proto-scientific causal-explanatory theory of behavior. This conception has given rise to a spate of recent worries about the prospects for “naturalizing” the theory. In this paper I return to the roots of the “theory-theory” of the attitudes in Wilfrid Sellars’s classic “Empiricism and the Philosophy of Mind.” I present an alternative to the theory-theory’s account of belief in the form of a (...)
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  34.  34
    A Natural History of Negation.Laurence R. Horn - 1989 - University of Chicago Press.
    This book offers a unique synthesis of past and current work on the structure, meaning, and use of negation and negative expressions, a topic that has engaged thinkers from Aristotle and the Buddha to Freud and Chomsky. Horn's masterful study melds a review of scholarship in philosophy, psychology, and linguistics with original research, providing a full picture of negation in natural language and thought; this new edition adds a comprehensive preface and bibliography, surveying research since the book's original (...)
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  35.  18
    Kant on the history of nature: The ambiguous heritage of the critical philosophy for natural history.Phillip R. Sloan - 2006 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 37 (4):627-648.
    This paper seeks to show Kant’s importance for the formal distinction between descriptive natural history and a developmental history of nature that entered natural history discussions in the late eighteenth century. It is argued that he developed this distinction initially upon Buffon’s distinctions of ‘abstract’ and ‘physical’ truths, and applied these initially in his distinction of ‘varieties’ from ‘races’ in anthropology. In the 1770s, Kant appears to have given theoretical preference to the ‘history’ of (...)
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  36.  4
    Sylva Sylvarum Or A Natural History in Ten Centuries.Francis Bacon, William Rawley & Thomas Cecill - 2013 - Printed by John Haviland, for William Lee, and Are to Be Sold at the Great Turks Head Next to the Mitre Taverne in Fleetstreet.
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  37. From natural history to political economy: The enlightened mission of Domenico vandelli in late eighteenth-century portugal.L. J. - 2003 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 34 (4):781-803.
    This article presents the main features of the work of Domenico Vandelli (1735-1816), an Italian-born man of science who lived a large part of his life in Portugal. Vandelli's scientific interests as a naturalist paved the way to his activities as a reformer and adviser on economic and financial issues. The topics covered in his writings are similar to those discussed by Linnaeus, with whom Vandelli corresponded. They clearly reveal that the scientific preparation indispensable for a better knowledge of (...) resources was also a fundamental condition for correctly addressing problems of efficiency in their economic allocation. The key argument put forward in this article is that the relationship between natural history and the agenda for economic reform and development deserves to be further analysed. It is indeed a central element in the emergence of political economy as an autonomous scientific discourse during the last decades of the eighteenth century. (shrink)
     
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  38.  16
    Taking Natural History Seriously: Whitehead and Merleau-Ponty’s Ontological Approach.Maria Regina Brioschi - 2023 - Philosophies 8 (2):31.
    This paper investigates Alfred North Whitehead and Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s attempts to develop a historical, dynamic ontology (a “process ontology”, according to the former, and an “ontology of the flesh” for the latter). The claim of the paper is that their originality lies in the methods adopted to reach such ontologies, which show strong similarities. Both authors based their research on nature, conceived of as “the leaf of Being”, and on perceptual experience, understood not as a chaos of bare, punctual, sense (...)
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  39.  12
    The Argument of the Natural History.Mark Webb - 1991 - Hume Studies 17 (2):141-159.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:The Argument ofthe Natural History Mark Webb In the NaturalHistoryofReligion Hume claims there are two principal questions concerning religion: one "concerning its foundation in reason," and the other "concerning its origin in human nature." He forthrightly states that his concern here is to determine "[w]hat those principles are, which give rise to the original belief, and what those accidents and causes are, which direct its operation."1 That (...)
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  40.  5
    The natural history of visiting: responses to Charles Waterton and Walton Hall.Victoria Carroll - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (1):31-64.
    Natural history collections are typically studied in terms of how they were formed rather than how they were received. This gives us only half the picture. Visiting accounts can increase our historical understanding of collections because they can tell us how people in the past understood them. This essay examines the responses of visitors to Walton Hall in West Yorkshire, home of the traveller-naturalist Charles Waterton and his famous taxidermic collection. Waterton’s specimens were not interpreted in isolation. Firstly, (...)
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  41.  10
    Is Baconian Natural History Theory-Laden?Daniel Schwartz - 2014 - Journal of Early Modern Studies 3 (1):63-89.
    The recent surge of interest in Bacon's own attempts at natural history has revealed a complex interplay with his speculative ideas in natural philosophy. This research has given rise to the concern that his natural histories are theory-laden in a way that Bacon ought to find unacceptable, given his prescription in the Parasceve for a reliable body of factual instances that can be used as a storehouse for induction. This paper aims to resolve this tension (...)
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  42.  56
    Historia and Materia: The Philosophical Implications of Francis Bacon's Natural History.Guido Giglioni - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (1):62-86.
    This article examines the philosophical implications underlying Bacon's views on historical knowledge, paying special attention to that variety of historical knowledge described by Bacon as “natural.” More specifically, this article explores the interplay of history and fable. In the sphere of thought, fabula is the equivalent to materia in nature. Both are described by Bacon as being “versatile” and “pliant.” In Bacon's system of knowledge, philosophy, as the domain of reason, starts from historiae and fabulae, once memory (...)
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  43.  16
    Maimonides: Nature, History, and Messianic Beliefs.Amos Funkenstein - 1997 - Jewish Lights Publishing.
    Presents Maimonides' messianic beliefs as stemming from his views of the structure of nature and the course of history. The author argues that Maimonides saw the messianic era as an historical period on one hand, and as a Utopian era of eternal peace and the recognition of God on the other.
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  44.  27
    Two sorts of natural history: On a central concept in critical theory and ethical naturalism.Philip Hogh - 2022 - European Journal of Philosophy 30 (4):1248-1267.
    The concept of natural history has received a great deal of attention in contemporary practical philosophy, especially as a result of Michael Thompson's concept of natural-historical judgments which aims to explain the normativity of the human life-form. With this concept, the norms effective in a life-form are understood as something natural and constitutive for that life-form. Although Thompson does not present a historical-philosophical model, he claims to be able to determine the normativity of the historically (...)
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  45.  12
    Natural history in the physician's study: Jan Swammerdam (1637–1680), Steven Blankaart (1650–1705) and the ‘paperwork’ of observing insects. [REVIEW]Saskia Klerk - 2020 - British Journal for the History of Science 53 (4):497-525.
    While some seventeenth-century scholars promoted natural history as the basis of natural philosophy, they continued to debate how it should be written, about what and by whom. This look into the studios of two Amsterdam physicians, Jan Swammerdam (1637–80) and Steven Blankaart (1650–1705), explores natural history as a project in the making during the second half of the seventeenth century. Swammerdam and Blankaart approached natural history very differently, with different objectives, and relying (...)
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  46.  25
    Natural history and information overload: The case of Linnaeus.Staffan Müller-Wille & Isabelle Charmantier - 2012 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (1):4-15.
  47. Hume, the Philosophy of Science and the Scientific Tradition.Matias Slavov - 2018 - In Angela Coventry & Alex Sager (eds.), _The Humean Mind_. New York: Routledge. pp. 388-402.
    Although the main focus of Hume’s career was in the humanities, his work also has an observable role in the historical development of natural sciences after his time. To show this, I shall center on the relation between Hume and two major figures in the history of the natural sciences: Charles Darwin (1809–1882) and Albert Einstein (1879–1955). Both of these scientists read Hume. They also found parts of Hume’s work useful to their sciences. Inquiring into the relations (...)
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  48.  30
    Natural History Today.Susanna Lindberg - 2016 - Philosophy Today 60 (4):975-988.
    This essay is a broad overview of philosophy’s capacity of facing the historicity of nature. It shows why classical philosophy of history, especially Hegel, left nature outside of history, and also in what sense this kind of philosophy is outdated. Then it shows how natural sciences discovered historical phenomena since the invention of biology at the very end of the eighteenth century and especially since Darwinism, although these did not examine the philosophical presuppositions of (...)
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    Natural History Today.Susanna Lindberg - 2016 - Philosophy Today 60 (4):975-988.
    This essay is a broad overview of philosophy’s capacity of facing the historicity of nature. It shows why classical philosophy of history, especially Hegel, left nature outside of history, and also in what sense this kind of philosophy is outdated. Then it shows how natural sciences discovered historical phenomena since the invention of biology at the very end of the eighteenth century and especially since Darwinism, although these did not examine the philosophical presuppositions of (...)
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  50.  9
    Evolution as Natural History: A Philosophical Analysis.Wim J. Van der Steen - 2000 - Praeger.
    Wim van der Steen charts conceptual foundations of evolutionary biology and, on the basis of this, he evaluates applications of evolutionary theory outside biology. Philosophical analysis shows that key notions of the theory such as fitness, adaptation, selection, and optimality are empty place-holder concepts that call for context-dependent specifications of meaning. For example, as he points out, the notion of optimality is empty without a specification of constraints. Hence, the controversial thesis that animals perform optimal behaviors as a result of (...)
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