Results for 'Natural history History'

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  1.  47
    Natural Law and Natural Inclinations.Natural Law, Natural Inclinations & Douglas Flippen - 1986 - New Scholasticism 60 (3):284-316.
  2. Francis Bacon's Natural Philosophy a New Source, a Transcription of Manuscript Hardwick 72a.Francis Bacon, Graham Rees, Christopher Upton & British Society for the History of Science - 1984 - British Society for the History of Science.
     
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  3. Defining Science.William Whewell & Natural Knowledge - 1994 - History of Science 32 (3):345.
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  4. BURNHAM Douglas and Martin JESINGHAUSEN: Nietzsche's 'The Birth'.Evans C. Stephen & Natural Signs - 2010 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 18 (4):737-740.
  5. CHARLES David and William Child (eds): Wittgensteinian Themes: Essays.Cohen Ga, If You’re an Egalitarian, Crocker Robert, Reason Religion, Crockett Clayton, DUPRÉ John & Human Nature - 2002 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10 (2):325-330.
     
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  6.  72
    A Natural History of the Senses.Diane Ackerman - 1990 - Random House.
    A. NATURAL. HISTORY. OF. THE. SENSES. “This is one of the best books of the year—by any measure you want to apply. It is interesting, informative, very well written. This book can be opened on any page and read with relish.... thoroughly  ...
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  7.  5
    Ancient Natural History: Histories of Nature. Roger French.Geoffrey Lloyd - 1998 - Isis 89 (1):121-122.
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  8.  12
    Natural History in the Dark: Seriality and the Electric Discharge in Victorian Physics.Chitra Ramalingam - 2010 - History of Science 48 (3-4):371-398.
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  9.  83
    Ethology, Natural History, the Life Sciences, and the Problem of Place.Richard W. Burkhardt - 1999 - Journal of the History of Biology 32 (3):489 - 508.
    Investigators of animal behavior since the eighteenth century have sought to make their work integral to the enterprises of natural history and/or the life sciences. In their efforts to do so, they have frequently based their claims of authority on the advantages offered by the special places where they have conducted their research. The zoo, the laboratory, and the field have been major settings for animal behavior studies. The issue of the relative advantages of these different sites has (...)
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  10. A Natural History of Natural Theology: The Cognitive Science of Theology and Philosophy of Religion.Helen De Cruz & Johan De Smedt - 2015 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: MIT Press.
    [from the publisher's website] Questions about the existence and attributes of God form the subject matter of natural theology, which seeks to gain knowledge of the divine by relying on reason and experience of the world. Arguments in natural theology rely largely on intuitions and inferences that seem natural to us, occurring spontaneously—at the sight of a beautiful landscape, perhaps, or in wonderment at the complexity of the cosmos—even to a nonphilosopher. In this book, Helen De Cruz (...)
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  11.  9
    Human Nature and History: A Response to Sociobiology.Kenneth Bock - 1980 - New York: Columbia University Press.
    Argues that the explanation of man's social and cultural differences is best defined by history, not human biology, maintaining that humans shape their social lives by their historical activities.
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  12. A Natural History of Negation.Laurence R. Horn - 1989 - University of Chicago Press.
    This book offers a unique synthesis of past and current work on the structure, meaning, and use of negation and negative expressions, a topic that has engaged thinkers from Aristotle and the Buddha to Freud and Chomsky. Horn's masterful study melds a review of scholarship in philosophy, psychology, and linguistics with original research, providing a full picture of negation in natural language and thought; this new edition adds a comprehensive preface and bibliography, surveying research since the book's original publication.
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  13.  14
    Ancient Natural History: Histories of Nature by Roger French. [REVIEW]Geoffrey Lloyd - 1998 - Isis 89:121-122.
  14. Natural goodness without natural history.Parisa Moosavi - 2022 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research:78-100.
    Neo‐Aristotelian ethical naturalism purports to show that moral evaluation of human action and character is an evaluation of natural goodness—a kind of evaluation that applies to living things in virtue of their nature and based on their form of life. The standard neo‐Aristotelian view defines natural goodness by way of generic statements describing the natural history, or the ‘characteristic’ life, of a species. In this paper, I argue that this conception of natural goodness commits the (...)
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  15.  22
    A Natural History of Human Morality.Michael Tomasello (ed.) - 2015 - Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
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  16.  19
    Natural History and the Formation of the Human Being: Kant on Active Forces.Anik Waldow - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 58:67-76.
    In his 1785-review of the Ideen zur Philosophie der Geschichte der Menschheit, Kant objects to Herder's conception of nature as being imbued with active forces. This attack is usually evaluated against the background of Kant's critical project and his epistemological concern to caution against the “metaphysical excess” of attributing immanent properties to matter. In this paper I explore a slightly different reading by investigating Kant's pre-critical account of creation and generation. The aim of this is to show that Kant's struggle (...)
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  17. A Natural History of Negation.Laurence R. Horn - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 24 (2):164-168.
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  18.  18
    Nature, history, state, 1933-1934.Martin Heidegger - 2013 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Nature, History, State: 1933-1934 presents the first complete English-language translation of Heidegger's seminar 'On the Essence and Concepts of Nature, History and State', together with full introductory material and interpretive essays by five leading thinkers and scholars: Robert Bernasconi, Peter Eli Gordon, Marion Heinz, Theodore Kisiel and Slavoj Žižek. The seminar, which was held while Heidegger was serving as National Socialist rector of the University of Freiburg, represents important evidence of the development of Heidegger's political thought. The text (...)
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  19.  7
    The natural history of the mind.Gordon Rattray Taylor - 1979 - New York: Penguin Books.
    Translating current research into accessible terms, Taylor discusses the brain's electrical and chemical processes, amnesia, mystical states, and multiple personality and the nature of dreaming, memory, pain, and intelligence.
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  20.  53
    The Natural History of Aesthetics.Thomas H. Ford - 2015 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 9 (2):220-239.
    _ Source: _Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 220 - 239 Art has been crucial for Western philosophy roughly since Kant – that is, for what is becoming known as “correlationist” philosophy – because it has so often had assigned to it a singular ontological status. The artwork, in this view, is material being that has been transfigured and shot through with subjectivity. The work of art, what art does and how it works have all been understood as mediating between the (...)
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  21. The Natural History of Thought in its Practical Aspect, From its Origin in Infancy.George Wall - 1887
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  22.  6
    The natural history of explanation.Michael G. Adelberg - 1994 - Carmichael, Calif.: Panurge Press.
  23.  42
    Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science.Scott Atran - 1990 - Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Inspired by a debate between Noam Chomsky and Jean Piaget, this work traces the development of natural history from Aristotle to Darwin, and demonstrates how the science of plants and animals has emerged from the common conceptions of folkbiology.
  24. Natural history: The life and afterlife of a concept in Adorno.Max Pensky - 2004 - Critical Horizons 5 (1):227-258.
    Theodor Adorno's concept of 'natural history' [Naturgeschichte] was central for a number of Adorno's theoretical projects, but remains elusive. In this essay, I analyse different dimensions of the concept of natural history, distinguishing amongst (a) a reflection on the normative and methodological bases of philosophical anthropology and critical social science; (b) a conception of critical memory oriented toward the preservation of the memory of historical suffering; and (c) the notion of 'mindfulness of nature in the subject' (...)
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  25.  62
    The Natural History of Religion.David Hume - 1757 - Oxford [Eng.]: Macmillan Pub. Co.. Edited by James Fieser.
    The text followed in this edition is that established by TH Green and TH Grose and printed in their critical edition of Hume's Essays, Moral, Political, ...
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  26.  41
    Natural History and the Encyclopédie.James Llana - 2000 - Journal of the History of Biology 33 (1):1 - 25.
    The general popularity of natural history in the eighteenth century is mirrored in the frequency and importance of the more than 4,500 articles on natural history in the "Encyclopédie". The main contributors to natural history were Daubenton, Diderot, Jaucourt and d'Holbach, but some of the key animating principles derive from Buffon, who wrote nothing specifically for the "Encyclopédie". Still, a number of articles reflect his thinking, especially his antipathy toward Linnaeus. There was in principle (...)
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  27. A Natural History of Negation.Jon Barwise & Laurence R. Horn - 1991 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 56 (3):1103.
  28. Natural history and variability of organized beings in Kant's philosophy.Bogdana Stamenković - 2022 - Belgrade Philosophical Annual 1 (35):91-107.
    This paper aims to examine Kant’s views on evolution of organized beings and to show that Kant’s antievolutionary conclusions stem from his study of natural history and variability of organisms. Accordingly, I discuss Kant’s study of natural history and consider whether his conclusion about impossibility of knowledge about such history expands on the research of history of organized beings. Moving forward, I examine the notion of variability in Kant’s philosophy, and show that his theory (...)
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  29. The Natural History of Desire.David Spurrett - 2015 - South African Journal of Philosophy 34 (3):304-313.
    Sterelny (2003) develops an idealised natural history of folk-psychological kinds. He argues that belief-like states are natural elaborations of simpler control systems, called detection systems, which map directly from environmental cue to response. Belief-like states exhibit robust tracking (sensitivity to multiple environmental states), and response breadth (occasioning a wider range of behaviours). The development of robust tracking and response-breadth depend partly on properties of the informational environment. In a transparent environment the functional relevance of states of the (...)
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  30.  17
    County Natural History: Indigenous Science in England, from Civil War to Glorious Revolution.David Beck - 2014 - Intellectual History Review 24 (1):71-87.
    Early-modern natural history has frequently been interpreted as a handmaid of natural philosophy. Mary Poovey, for example, has argued that seventeenth-century nuggets of information only became ‘m...
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  31.  10
    Roger French, Ancient Natural History: Histories of Nature. Sciences in Antiquity. London and New York: Routledge, 1994. Pp. xxii + 357. ISBN 0-415-11545. £15.99. [REVIEW]Faye Getz - 1996 - British Journal for the History of Science 29 (3):361-362.
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  32.  15
    Natural History as a Family Enterprise: Kinship and Inheritance in Eighteenth‐Century Science.Alix Cooper - 2021 - Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 44 (2):211-227.
    As recent research has shown, many of the activities of early modern (including eighteenth‐century) naturalists were carried out in the household. This article investigates the ways in which family members in particular, both male and female, ended up engaging in kinds of labor which furthered the pursuit of natural history in the eighteenth century. Examining evidence from various different parts of Europe and its colonies, the article argues that natural history can be seen to have often (...)
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  33. The idea of natural history.Theodor W. Adorno - 1984 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1984 (60):111-24.
    Allow me to preface my remarks today by saying that I am not going to give a lecture in the usual sense of communicating results or presenting a systematic statement. Rather, what I have to say will remain on the level of an essay; it is no more than an attempt to take up and further develop the problems of the so-called Frankfurt discussion. I recognize that many uncomplimentary things have been said about this discussion, but I am equally aware (...)
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  34.  52
    Compiling nature's history: Travellers and travel narratives in the early royal society.Daniel Carey - 1997 - Annals of Science 54 (3):269-292.
    SummaryThe relationship between travel, travel narrative, and the enterprise of natural history is explored, focusing on activities associated with the early Royal Society. In an era of expanding travel, for colonial, diplomatic, trade, and missionary purposes, reports of nature's effects proliferated, both in oral and written forms. Naturalists intent on compiling a comprehensive history of such phenomena, and making them useful in the process, readily incorporated these reports into their work. They went further by trying to direct (...)
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  35. Nature, history, and existentialism.Karl Löwith - 1966 - Evanston [Ill.]: Northwestern University Press. Edited by Arnold Boyd Levison.
  36.  13
    A Natural History of Mathematics: George Peacock and the Making of English Algebra.Kevin Lambert - 2013 - Isis 104 (2):278-302.
    ABSTRACT In a series of papers read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society through the 1820s, the Cambridge mathematician George Peacock laid the foundation for a natural history of arithmetic that would tell a story of human progress from counting to modern arithmetic. The trajectory of that history, Peacock argued, established algebraic analysis as a form of universal reasoning that used empirically warranted operations of mind to think with symbols on paper. The science of counting would suggest arithmetic, (...)
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  37.  39
    Human nature, history, and the limits of critique.Kieran Setiya - 2024 - European Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):3-16.
    This essay defends a form of ethical naturalism in which ethical knowledge is explained by human nature. Human nature, here, is not the essence of the species but its natural history as socially and historically determined. The argument does not lead to social relativism, but it does place limits on the scope of ethical critique. As society becomes “total”, critique can only be immanent; to this extent, Adorno and the Frankfurt School are right.
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  38.  64
    The natural history of man in the Scottish Enlightenment.Paul B. Wood - 1990 - History of Science 28 (1):89-123.
  39. Cognitive Foundations of Natural History: Towards an Anthropology of Science.[author unknown] - 1991 - Journal of the History of Biology 24 (3):537-540.
     
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  40.  85
    The natural history of the understanding: Locke and the rise of facultative logic in the eighteenth century.James G. Buickerood - 1985 - History and Philosophy of Logic 6 (1):157-190.
    Whatever its merits and difficulties, the concept of logic embedded in much of the "new philosophy" of the early modern period was then understood to supplant contemporary views of formal logic. The notion of compiling a natural history of the understanding constituted the basis of this new concept of logic. The following paper attempts to trace this view of logic through some of the major and numerous minor texts of the period, centering on the development and influence of (...)
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  41. The Natural History of Religion.David Hume, A. Wayne Colver & John Valdimir Price - 1956 - Religious Studies 14 (1):125-126.
  42.  15
    The Natural History of Industry.Charles C. Gillispie - 1957 - Isis 48 (4):398-407.
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  43.  27
    The Idea of Natural History.T. W. Adorno - 1984 - Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1984 (60):111-124.
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  44.  16
    Taking Natural History Seriously: Whitehead and Merleau-Ponty’s Ontological Approach.Maria Regina Brioschi - 2023 - Philosophies 8 (2):31.
    This paper investigates Alfred North Whitehead and Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s attempts to develop a historical, dynamic ontology (a “process ontology”, according to the former, and an “ontology of the flesh” for the latter). The claim of the paper is that their originality lies in the methods adopted to reach such ontologies, which show strong similarities. Both authors based their research on nature, conceived of as “the leaf of Being”, and on perceptual experience, understood not as a chaos of bare, punctual, sense (...)
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  45.  27
    From nature to history, and back again: Blumenberg, Strauss and the Hobbesian community.Majid Yar - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (3):53-73.
    This article explores the origins of the problematic of political community by considering it in relation to the founding principles of `modern thought'. These principles are identified with the extirpation of moral values and ends from nature, in keeping with the rise of a `disenchanted' and mechanical scientific world-view. The transition from an `ancient' to a `modern' world-view is elaborated by drawing upon the work of Hans Blumenberg and Leo Strauss. The `demoralization' of nature, it is claimed, projects the formation (...)
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  46.  4
    Natural History in Early Modern France: The Poetics of an Epistemic Genre.Raphaële Garrod & Paul J. Smith (eds.) - 2018 - Brill.
    Garrod, Smith and the contributors of the volume envisage the longue durée poetics of an early modern genre. They interpret its poetics alongside its various epistemic agenda and make a case for the literary status of natural history.
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  47.  63
    Natural Knowledge as a Propaedeutic to Self-Betterment Francis Bacon and the Transformation of Natural History.James A. T. Lancaster - 2012 - Early Science and Medicine 17 (1-2):181-196.
    This paper establishes the 'emblematic' use of natural history as a propaedeutic to self-betterment in the Renaissance; in particular, in the natural histories of Gessner and Topsell, but also in the works of Erasmus and Rabelais. Subsequently, it investigates how Francis Bacon's conception of natural history is envisaged in relation to them. The paper contends that, where humanist natural historians understood the use of natural knowledge as a preliminary to individual improvement, Bacon conceived (...)
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  48. Consciousness: A natural history.Maxine Sheets-Johnstone - 1998 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (3):260-94.
    The basic question cognitivists and most analytic philosophers of mind ask is how consciousness arises in matter. This article outlines basic reasons for thinking the question spurious. It does so by examining 1) definitions of life, 2) unjustified and unjustifiable uses of diacritical markings to distinguish real cognition from metaphoric cognition, 3) evidence showing that corporeal consciousness is a biological imperative, 4) corporeal matters of fact deriving from the evolution of proprioception. Three implications of the examination are briefly noted: 1) (...)
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  49.  35
    Modernizing Natural History: Berkeley’s Museum of Vertebrate Zoology in Transition. [REVIEW]Mary E. Sunderland - 2013 - Journal of the History of Biology 46 (3):369-400.
    Throughout the twentieth century calls to modernize natural history motivated a range of responses. It was unclear how research in natural history museums would participate in the significant technological and conceptual changes that were occurring in the life sciences. By the 1960s, the Museum of Vertebrate Zoology at the University of California, Berkeley, was among the few university-based natural history museums that were able to maintain their specimen collections and support active research. The MVZ (...)
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  50.  19
    A Natural History of Mathematics: George Peacock and the Making of English Algebra.Kevin Lambert - 2013 - Isis 104 (2):278-302.
    ABSTRACT In a series of papers read to the Cambridge Philosophical Society through the 1820s, the Cambridge mathematician George Peacock laid the foundation for a natural history of arithmetic that would tell a story of human progress from counting to modern arithmetic. The trajectory of that history, Peacock argued, established algebraic analysis as a form of universal reasoning that used empirically warranted operations of mind to think with symbols on paper. The science of counting would suggest arithmetic, (...)
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