Results for 'Nadav Berman Shifman'

685 found
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  1.  69
    20th Century Jewish Thought and Classical American Pragmatism: New Perspectives on Hayyim Hirschensohn, Mordecai M. Kaplan and Eliezer Berkovits.Nadav Berman Shifman - 2018 - Dissertation, Hebrew University of Jerusalem
    Please see the extended abstract in the attached file.
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  2.  57
    “Interest-based Open-Mindedness: Advocating the Role of Interests in the Formation of Human Character”. [REVIEW]Nadav Berman, S. - 2018 - Katharsis 30:146-165.
    Ayalon Eidelstein’s Openness and Faith focuses on the centrality of the idea of openness, or open-mindedness, to the educational sphere. The first half presents the challenges in modern ‘divided-consciousness’ and its consequences of egoism, materialism, and hedonism on the one hand, and religious fanatism on the other. Eidelstein’s main audience is the Israeli secular public, to which he proposes an educational and philosophical middle-way rooted in sincere human and inter-human openness. This openness is inspired by the idea of disinterestedness that (...)
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  3. “The Rejection of Radical-Foundationalism and -Skepticism: Pragmatic Belief in God in Eliezer Berkovits’s Thought”.Nadav Berman, S. - 2019 - Journal of the Goldstein-Goren International Center for Jewish Thought 1 (2019):201-246.
    Faith has many aspects. One of them is whether absolute logical proof for God’s existence is a prerequisite for the proper establishment and individual acceptance of a religious system. The treatment of this question, examined here in the Jewish context of Rabbi Prof. Eliezer Berkovits, has been strongly influenced in the modern era by the radical foundationalism and radical skepticism of Descartes, who rooted in the Western mind the notion that religion and religious issues are “all or nothing” questions. Cartesianism, (...)
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  4. “The Challenge of the ‘Caring’ God: A. J. Heschel’s ‘Theology of Pathos’ in light of Eliezer Berkovits’s Critique”.Nadav Berman, S. - 2017 - Zehuyot 8:43-60.
    This article examines A.J. Heschel’s “Theology of pathos” in light of the critique Eliezer Berkovits raised against it. Heschel’s theology of pathos is the notion of God as the “most moved mover”, who cares deeply for humans, and thus highly influencing their prophetic motivation for human-social improvement. Berkovits, expressing the negative-transcendent theology of Maimonides, assessed that Heschel’s theology of pathos is not systematic, is anthropomorphic, and reflects a foreign Christian influence. However, when checking Berkovits’s own views as a thinker, it (...)
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  5. "R. Ḥayyim Hirschensohn’s Beliefs about Death and Immortality as tested by his Halakhic decision making”.Nadav Berman, S. - 2017 - Daat 83 (2017):337-359.
    This paper traces two contradicting beliefs about death and immortality in the writings of Rabbi Hayyim Hirschensohn, and examines these opposing beliefs in his Halakhic ruling, in the case of Autopsies. The paper opens by conceptualizing two possible attitudes regarding the relation between this-world and the ʽother-world’, and by analyzing two main beliefs regarding death and immortality in their relation to the body-spirit distinction (the naturalistic and the spiritualistic approach). It demonstrates how Hirschensohn was holding these two different views. The (...)
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  6.  19
    Pragmatism and Jewish Thought: Eliezer Berkovits’s Philosophy of Halakhic Fallibility.Nadav Berman S. - 2019 - Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 27 (1):86-135.
    In classical American pragmatism, fallibilism refers to the conception of truth as an ongoing process of improving human knowledge that is nevertheless susceptible to error. This paper traces appearances of fallibilism in Jewish thought in general, and particularly in the halakhic thought of Eliezer Berkovits. Berkovits recognizes the human condition’s persistent mutability, which he sees as characterizing the ongoing effort to interpret and apply halakhah in shifting historical and social contexts as Torat Ḥayyim. In the conclusion of the article, broader (...)
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  7.  13
    The Sociobiology of Human Mate Preference: On Testing Evolutionary Hypotheses.Nadav Nur - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (1):28-29.
  8.  5
    Evidence for Cross-Cultural Support for the Underdog: Is the Affiliation Driven by Fairness and Competence Assessments?Nadav Goldschmied, Yair Galily & Kenneth Keith - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  9.  7
    The Topography of Generosity: Asymmetric Evaluations of Prosocial Actions.Nadav Klein & Nicholas Epley - 2014 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 143 (6):2366-2379.
  10.  3
    The Social Media Image.Nadav Hochman - 2014 - Big Data and Society 1 (2).
    How do the organization and presentation of large-scale social media images recondition the process by which visual knowledge, value, and meaning are made in contemporary conditions? Analyzing fundamental elements in the changing syntax of existing visual software ontology—the ways current social media platforms and aggregators organize and categorize social media images—this article relates how visual materials created within social media platforms manifest distinct modes of knowledge production and acquisition. First, I analyze the structure of social media images within data streams (...)
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  11.  29
    An Ebola-Like Microbe and The Limits of Kind-Based Goodness.Berman Chan - 2021 - Philosophia:1-21.
    Aristotelian theory, as found in Michael Thompson and Philippa Foot, claims that to be good is to be good as a member of that kind, and so there are varying standards of goodness dependent on an individual’s kind-membership. It is a perhaps little noticed feature of Foot’s project, in particular, that it aims to provide more than just a kind-relative account, but seeks an exhaustive account of goodness. She concludes, in effect, that goodness admits of only the kind-based sort. Accordingly, (...)
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  12.  8
    Eleanor D. Berman 1904 - 1977.Philip A. Berman - 1977 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 50 (6):569 - 570.
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  13.  30
    A Platonic Kind-Based Account of Goodness.Berman Chan - 2021 - Philosophia 49 (4):1369-1389.
    Robert Adams defends a platonic account of goodness, understood as excellence, claiming that there exists a platonic good that all other good things must resemble, identifying the Good with God. Mark Murphy agrees, but argues that this platonic account is in need of Aristotelian supplementation, as resemblance must take into account a thing’s kind-membership. While this article will accept something like Murphy’s account of goodness, it will further develop its details and support. Without relying on theistic premises, I show that (...)
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  14. The Rise of Artificial Intelligence and the Crisis of Moral Passivity.Berman Chan - 2020 - AI and Society 35 (4):991-993.
    Set aside fanciful doomsday speculations about AI. Even lower-level AIs, while otherwise friendly and providing us a universal basic income, would be able to do all our jobs. Also, we would over-rely upon AI assistants even in our personal lives. Thus, John Danaher argues that a human crisis of moral passivity would result However, I argue firstly that if AIs are posited to lack the potential to become unfriendly, they may not be intelligent enough to replace us in all our (...)
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  15.  3
    The Integrative Jurisprudence of Harold J. Berman.Harold J. Berman & Howard O. Hunter (eds.) - 1996 - Westviewpress.
    Celebrating the remarkable career of jurist Harold J. Berman, the essays in this volume demonstrate that Berman's contributions to Russian studies, international trade law, legal history, philosophy of law, and law and religion have firmly established him as part of the tradition of our greatest American jurists.
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  16. Naturalization of the Soul: Self and Personal Identity in the Eighteenth Century.David Berman - 2001 - Mind 110 (438):508-512.
  17.  70
    Measurement of Corporate Social Action Discovering Taxonomy in the Kinder Lydenburg Domini Ratings Data.James E. Mattingly & Shawn L. Berman - 2006 - Business and Society 45 (1):20-46.
  18. Universals: Ways or Things?Scott Berman - 2008 - Metaphysica 9 (2):219-234.
    What all contemporary so-called aristotelian realists have in common has been identified by David Armstrong as the principle of instantiation. This principle has been put forward in different versions, but all of them have the following simple consequence in common: uninstantiated universals do not exist. Such entities are for the lotus-eating Platonist to countenance, but not for any sort of moderate realist. I shall argue that this principle, in any guise, is not the best way to differentiate aristotelianism from Platonism. (...)
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  19. In Memory of Donald H. Berman 1935–1997.Donald H. Berman - 1997 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 5:177-178.
  20.  12
    A Brand New Brand of Corporate Social Performance.Tim Rowley & Shawn Berman - 2000 - Business and Society 39 (4):397-418.
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  21. Antoine Berman’s Philosophical Reflections on Language and Translation: The Possibility of Translating Without Platonism.H. Lee & Y. Seong-woo - 2011 - Filozofia 66:336-346.
    The paper surveys the problem of language and translation in Antoine Berman’s pioneering achievements. This French philosopher of translation was deeply influenced not only by Schleiermacher, who affirmed the unity of thought and expression, but also by Benjamin, who drew attention to the formalism of language. In Berman’s view the essence of language lies in signifiers and letters. He criticized the Platonic view of language and translation which endows non-sensual, mental, and universal elements, with a higher ontological status. (...)
     
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  22.  25
    Physicians Under the Influence: Social Psychology and Industry Marketing Strategies.Sunita Sah & Adriane Fugh-Berman - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):665-672.
    It is easier to resist at the beginning than at the end.– Leonardo da VinciPhysicians often believe that a conscious commitment to ethical behavior and professionalism will protect them from industry influence. Despite increasing concern over the extent of physician-industry relationships, physicians usually fail to recognize the nature and impact of subconscious and unintentional biases on therapeutic decision-making. Pharmaceutical and medical device companies, however, routinely demonstrate their knowledge of social psychology processes on behavior and apply these principles to their marketing. (...)
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  23.  33
    Harold Berman: Law and Language: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2013, Xi + 209 Pp, ISBN: 978-1-107-03342-9.Alan Durant - 2015 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 28 (2):427-432.
    This review discusses Harold Berman’s, Law and Language, published by Cambridge University Press in 2013. It locates this short book in relation to Berman’s extensive body of publications in international and comparative law, and asks what contribution the book’s recent, posthumous publication can make to current debates over approaches to forensic linguistics. Particular attention is given to Berman’s conceptualisation of law as a ‘living language’, as well as to his coining of the term ‘communification’ to describe the (...)
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  24.  22
    Many Symmetrically Indivisible Structures.Nadav Meir - 2015 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 61 (4-5):341-346.
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  25.  5
    Infinite Lexicographic Products.Nadav Meir - 2022 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 173 (1):102991.
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  26.  22
    Berman, David. George Berkeley: Idealism and the Man.Philip D. Cummins - 1997 - Review of Metaphysics 50 (3):647-649.
  27.  33
    Physicians Under the Influence: Social Psychology and Industry Marketing Strategies.Sunita Sah & Adriane Fugh-Berman - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (3):665-672.
    Pharmaceutical and medical device companies apply social psychology to influence physicians' prescribing behavior and decision making. Physicians fail to recognize their vulnerability to commercial influences due to self-serving bias, rationalization, and cognitive dissonance. Professionalism offers little protection; even the most conscious and genuine commitment to ethical behavior cannot eliminate unintentional, subconscious bias. Six principles of influence — reciprocation, commitment, social proof, liking, authority, and scarcity — are key to the industry's routine marketing strategies, which rely on the illusion that the (...)
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  28.  27
    David Berman, "A History of Atheism in Britain: From Hobbes to Russell". [REVIEW]Richard H. Popkin - 1992 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 30 (1):143.
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  29.  27
    Before the Professional Project: Success and Failure at Creating an Organizational Representative for English Doctors.Elizabeth Popp Berman - 2006 - Theory and Society 35 (2):157-191.
  30.  72
    Why Can't Geometers Cut Themselves on the Acutely Angled Objects of Their Proofs? Aristotle on Shape as an Impure Power.Brad Berman - 2017 - Méthexis 29 (1):89-106.
    For Aristotle, the shape of a physical body is perceptible per se (DA II.6, 418a8-9). As I read his position, shape is thus a causal power, as a physical body can affect our sense organs simply in virtue of possessing it. But this invites a challenge. If shape is an intrinsically powerful property, and indeed an intrinsically perceptible one, then why are the objects of geometrical reasoning, as such, inert and imperceptible? I here address Aristotle’s answer to that problem, focusing (...)
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  31.  62
    The Riddle of Dreams.Nadav Matalon - 2011 - Philosophical Psychology 24 (4):517 - 536.
    In The interpretation of dreams Freud famously claimed to have finally solved the riddle of dreams. Yet amidst all the heated debates and intense controversies that ensued in the wake of this groundbreaking work, one fundamental question has been entirely overlooked, namely: in what sense, exactly, are dreams analogous to riddles? It will be the burden of this paper to show that a critical investigation of this seemingly simple question reveals a fundamental and hereto unnoticed discrepancy between Freud's rhetoric on (...)
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  32. Improving the Justice‐Based Argument for Conducting Human Gene Editing Research to Cure Sickle Cell Disease.Berman Chan - 2020 - Bioethics 34 (2):200-202.
    In a recent article, Marilyn Baffoe-Bonnie offers three arguments for conducting CRISPR/Cas9 biotechnology research to cure sickle-cell disease (SCD) based on addressing historical and current injustices in SCD research and care. I show that her second and third arguments suffer from roughly the same defect, which is that they really argue for something else rather than for conducting CRISPR/Cas9 research in particular for SCD. For instance, the second argument argues that conducting this gene therapy research would improve the relationship between (...)
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  33.  9
    From Bioethics to Biopolitics: “Playing the Nazi Card” in Public Health Ethics—the Case of Israel.Hagai Boas, Nadav Davidovitch, Dani Filc & Rakefet Zalashik - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (6):540-548.
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  34.  4
    Pseudo-Finite Sets, Pseudo-o-Minimality.Nadav Meir - forthcoming - Journal of Symbolic Logic:1-23.
  35.  15
    Who's Your Nanny? Choice, Paternalism and Public Health in the Age of Personal Responsibility.Lindsay F. Wiley, Micah L. Berman & Doug Blanke - 2013 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 41 (s1):88-91.
    In June 2012, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg announced his plans for a ban on the sale of sugary beverages in containers larger than 16 ounces. Shortly thereafter, the Center for Consumer Freedom took out a full-page ad in the New York Times featuring Bloomberg photo-shopped into a matronly dress with the tag line “New Yorkers need a Mayor, not a Nanny.” On television, the CATO Institute's Michael Cannon declared, “This is the most ridiculous sort of nanny state-ism; [i]t’s (...)
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  36.  22
    Commentary: Guiding Lights: Intelligence Oversight and Control for the Challenge of Terrorism.Jerry Berman & Lara Flint - 2003 - Criminal Justice Ethics 22 (1):2-58.
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  37. Scientific Medicine and the Politics of Public Health: Minorities in Interwar Eastern Europe.Nadav Davidovitch & Rakefet Zalashik - 2019 - Science in Context 32 (1):1-4.
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  38.  84
    Reflection, Objectivity, and the Love of God, a Passage From Merleau‐Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception.Michael Berman - forthcoming - Heythrop Journal.
    Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception (1945) essentially aims at debunking the myth of objectivity. The Phenomenology takes the entire Western tradition to task over its reliance on the objective attitude, showing how this attitude structures the architectonics of idealism and empiricism. These philosophies share the same presuppositions: their metaphysics and epistemologies are inherently dualistic. The problematics that stem from this objectivism have informed the Western understanding of God. This essay undertakes an examination of one of the more extended treatments of God (...)
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  39.  5
    Rethinking “One Health” Through Brucellosis: Ethics, Boundaries and Politics.Nadav Davidovitch, Anat Rosenthal & Barak Hermesh - 2019 - Monash Bioethics Review 37 (1-2):22-37.
    One Health, as an international movement and as a research methodology, aspires to cross boundaries between disciplines. However, One Health has also been viewed as “reductionist” due to its overemphasize on physicians-veterinarians cooperation and surveillance capacity enhancement, while limiting the involvement with socio-political preconditioning factors that shape the impact of diseases, and the ethical questions that eventually structure interventions. The current article draws on a qualitative study of Brucellosis control in Israel, to address the benefits of broadening the One Health (...)
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  40.  11
    Information Value and Stimulus Configuring as Factors in Conditioned Reinforcement.David R. Thomas, David L. Berman & George E. Serednesky - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (2p1):181.
  41.  12
    Paul A. Offit. The Cutter Incident: How America’s First Polio Vaccine Led to the Growing Vaccine Crisis. Xii + 238 Pp., Figs., Apps., Bibl., Index. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 2005. $27.50. [REVIEW]Nadav Davidovitch - 2007 - Isis 98 (4):873-874.
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  42.  16
    Medical Borders: Historical, Political, and Cultural Analyses.Nadav Davidovitch & Rakefet Zalashik - 2006 - Science in Context 19 (3):309-316.
  43. Antoine Berman, pensatore della traduzione.Valentina Sommella - 2005 - Studium 101 (1):127-136.
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  44.  7
    Antoine Berman's Philosophical Reflections on Language and Translation: The Possibility of Translating Without Platonism.Lee Hyang–Yun Seong-Woo - 2011 - Filozofia 66 (4):336.
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  45.  10
    The Cutter Incident: How America’s First Polio Vaccine Led to the Growing Vaccine Crisis. [REVIEW]Nadav Davidovitch - 2007 - Isis 98:873-874.
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  46.  9
    Pasteur in Palestine: The Politics of the Laboratory.Nadav Davidovitch & Rakefet Zalashik - 2010 - Science in Context 23 (4):401-425.
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  47.  73
    Time and Emptiness in the Chao-Lun.Muchael Berman - 1997 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 24 (1):43-58.
  48.  19
    Gynecologists and Estrogen: An Affair of the Heart.Adriane Fugh-Berman & Anthony R. Scialli - 2006 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 49 (1):115-130.
  49.  7
    Public Health, Racial Tensions, and Body Politic: Mass Ringworm Irradiation in Israel, 1949–1960.Nadav Davidovitch & Avital Margalit - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):522-529.
    The BiDil affair brought once again to the fore questions of race and medicine. As discussed in other essays in this collection, the emergence of BiDil as the first medication approved and marketed for treating specific racial groups raises important questions for medicine and society: How are race and ethnicity framing our understanding of health and illness? Should treatment decisions be based on the race and ethnicity of patients? Should we encourage the development of race-specific medical treatments in order to (...)
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  50. E-Cigarettes and the Multiple Responsibilities of the FDA.Larisa Svirsky, Dana Howard & Micah L. Berman - forthcoming - American Journal of Bioethics:1-10.
    This paper considers the responsibilities of the FDA with regard to disseminating information about the benefits and harms of e-cigarettes. Tobacco harm reduction advocates claim that the FDA has been overcautious and has violated ethical obligations by failing to clearly communicate to the public that e-cigarettes are far less harmful than cigarettes. We argue, by contrast, that the FDA’s obligations in this arena are more complex than they may appear at first blush. Though the FDA is accountable for informing the (...)
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