Results for 'N. Simon'

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  1.  5
    Executive function and high ambiguity perceptual discrimination contribute to individual differences in mnemonic discrimination in older adults.Helena M. Gellersen, Alexandra N. Trelle, Richard N. Henson & Jon S. Simons - 2021 - Cognition 209 (C):104556.
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  2.  30
    Effects of alcohol, rumination, and gender on the time course of negative affect.Jeffrey S. Simons, Noah N. Emery, Raluca M. Simons, Thomas A. Wills & Michael K. Webb - 2017 - Cognition and Emotion 31 (7):1405-1418.
    This study modelled associations between gender, ruminative cognitive style, alcohol use, and the time course of negative affect over the course of 43,111 random assessments in the natural environment. Participants completed 49 days of experience sampling over 1.3 years. The data indicated that rumination at baseline was positively associated with alcohol dependence symptoms at baseline as well as higher negative affect over the course of the study. Consistent with negative reinforcement models, drinking served to decrease the persistence of negative affect (...)
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  3.  11
    Animal Innovation.Simon M. Reader & Kevin N. Laland (eds.) - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Many animals will invent new behaviour patterns, adjust established behaviours to a novel context, or respond to stresses in an appropriate and novel manner. This is the first ever book on the topic of 'animal innovation'. Bringing together leading scientific authorities on animal and human innovation, this book will put the topic of animal innovation on the map, and heighten awareness of this developing field.
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  4.  93
    Relating magnitudes: the brain's code for proportions.Simon N. Jacob, Daniela Vallentin & Andreas Nieder - 2012 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (3):157-166.
  5.  38
    Empathic responses and moral status for social robots: an argument in favor of robot patienthood based on K. E. Løgstrup.Simon N. Balle - 2022 - AI and Society 37 (2):535-548.
    Empirical research on human–robot interaction has demonstrated how humans tend to react to social robots with empathic responses and moral behavior. How should we ethically evaluate such responses to robots? Are people wrong to treat non-sentient artefacts as moral patients since this rests on anthropomorphism and ‘over-identification’ —or correct since spontaneous moral intuition and behavior toward nonhumans is indicative for moral patienthood, such that social robots become our ‘Others’?. In this research paper, I weave extant HRI studies that demonstrate empathic (...)
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  6.  34
    Physicians' silent decisions: Because patient autonomy does not always come first.Simon N. Whitney & Laurence B. McCullough - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (7):33 – 38.
    Physicians make some medical decisions without disclosure to their patients. Nondisclosure is possible because these are silent decisions to refrain from screening, diagnostic or therapeutic interventions. Nondisclosure is ethically permissible when the usual presumption that the patient should be involved in decisions is defeated by considerations of clinical utility or patient emotional and physical well-being. Some silent decisions - not all - are ethically justified by this standard. Justified silent decisions are typically dependent on the physician's professional judgment, experience and (...)
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  7.  9
    Institutional review boards: A flawed system of risk management.Simon N. Whitney - 2016 - Research Ethics 12 (4):182-200.
    Institutional Review Boards and their federal overseers protect human subjects, but this vital work is often dysfunctional despite their conscientious efforts. A cardinal, but unrecognized, explanation is that IRBs are performing a specific function – the management of risk – using a flawed theoretical and practical approach. At the time of the IRB system’s creation, risk management theory emphasized the suppression of risk. Since then, scholars of governance, studying the experience of business and government, have learned that we must distinguish (...)
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  8.  14
    Mnemonic emotion regulation: a three-process model.Simon Nørby - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (5):959-975.
    ABSTRACTEmotion regulation comprises attempts to influence when and how emotions are experienced and expressed. It has mostly been conceived of as proactive or reactive, but it may also be retroactive and involve memory. I term such past-oriented activity mnemonic emotion regulation and propose that it involves increasing or decreasing access to or altering the characteristics of a memory. People may increase access to a memory and make it more likely that it will be retrieved in the future, for example by (...)
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  9.  10
    Differences in time-based task characteristics help to explain the age-prospective memory paradox.Simon J. Haines, Susan E. Randall, Gill Terrett, Lucy Busija, Gemma Tatangelo, Skye N. McLennan, Nathan S. Rose, Matthias Kliegel, Julie D. Henry & Peter G. Rendell - 2020 - Cognition 202 (C):104305.
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  10.  18
    Semiotic Aspects in Patent Interpretation.Simone R. N. Reis, Andre Reis, Jordi Carrabina & Pompeu Casanovas - 2019 - International Journal for the Semiotics of Law - Revue Internationale de Sémiotique Juridique 32 (2):359-389.
    This paper discusses the semiotic dimension of patent interpretation. Patent documents are at the same time disclosure of information and a granting of rights. The claim section expresses the granted rights. In this paper, we view the claims as signs that express the granted rights. The semantics to interpret the signs is given by the all-elements rule, as pragmatics. The description and drawings sections of the patent document provide metapragmatics in the form of lexicon and syntax to help the understanding (...)
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  11.  3
    From oversight to overkill: inside the broken system that blocks medical breakthroughs--and how we can fix it.Simon N. Whitney - 2023 - Irvington, NY: Rivertowns Books.
    Medical research saves lives--yet all too often, it is thwarted by a review system supposed to safeguard patients that instead creates needless delays and expense. Institutional Review Boards, which exist at every hospital and medical school that conducts medical research, have ended up imposing such complex, draconian conditions that research is frequently damaged, delayed, and distorted. This is why medical miracles like the COVID-19 vaccines, which were developed at warp speed, are far too rare. Instead, medical research in countless areas (...)
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  12.  11
    King and Messiah: The Civil and Sacral Legitimation of the Israelite Kings.Simon B. Parker & Tryggve N. D. Mettinger - 1978 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 98 (4):508.
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  13.  54
    Serotonin and affiliative behavior.Simon N. Young & D. S. Moskowitz - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):367-368.
    The possible role of the neurotransmitter serotonin in human affiliative behavior is under-examined in the review by Depue & Morrone-Strupinsky (D&M-S). This commentary reviews evidence indicating that serotonin not only inhibits aggressive behavior that may be detrimental to affiliative bonds with others in a social group but serotonin also enhances prosocial behaviors that may facilitate ties to the social group.
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  14.  7
    A Hegelian Perspective on Nature Recognition.Simon Nørgaard Iversen - 2023 - Environmental Philosophy 20 (1):95-126.
    Recent posthuman theories of nature recognition seek to move beyond Hegel’s anthropological starting point. This article serves as a critical rejoinder to such posthuman attempts by taking aim at posthumanism’s flat ontology and concept of agency. Instead, it is suggested that a genuine Hegelian starting point is better suited to discern the complex interrelationship between the human and nonhuman. It is argued that a Hegelian theory of recognition that takes Hegel’s Philosophy of Nature and Philosophy of Mind into consideration can (...)
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  15. Norm Critique and the Dialectics of Hegelian Recognition.Simon Nørgaard Iversen - forthcoming - Journal of Philosophy of Education.
    This article examines the relevance of Hegel’s theory of recognition within educational theory and practice in relation to the development of a non-affirmative theory of education. The article argues that Hegel’s theory of recognition can serve as a fruitful starting point for articulating an educational theory that can contribute to the subject’s open-ended formation in modern society. To start with, the article surveys the connection between Hegel’s educational thought and his concept of recognition. Against this backdrop, the article singles out (...)
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  16. The Literary and Artistic Sociology of Black Africa.Simon Pleasance & Ferdinand N'Sougan Agblemagnon - 1971 - Diogenes 19 (74):89-110.
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  17. Année Psychologique.Simon N. Patten - 1900 - The Monist 10:156.
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  18.  27
    Another view of the ethics of land-tenure.Simon N. Patten - 1891 - International Journal of Ethics 1 (3):354-370.
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  19.  7
    Another View of the Ethics of Land-Tenure.Simon N. Patten - 1891 - International Journal of Ethics 1 (3):354-370.
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  20.  5
    Can economics furnish an objective standard for morality?Simon N. Patten - 1892 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 22 (3):322 - 332.
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  21. Economics, Can it furnish an Objective Standard for Morality?Simon N. Patten - 1893 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 22:322.
     
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  22.  11
    Pragmatism and social science.Simon N. Patten - 1911 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 8 (24):653-660.
  23.  4
    Pragmatism and Social Science.Simon N. Patten - 1911 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 8 (24):653-660.
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  24.  2
    The Development of English Thought a Study in the Economic Interpretation of History.Simon N. Patten - 2018 - Palala Press.
    This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain (...)
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  25.  14
    The theory of social forces.-An explanation.Simon N. Patten - 1897 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (4):492-496.
  26.  8
    The Theory of Social Forces.-An Explanation.Simon N. Patten - 1897 - International Journal of Ethics 7 (4):492-496.
  27.  7
    The Theory of Prosperity.Simon N. Patton - 1903 - Philosophical Review 12 (6):689-690.
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  28.  6
    Case Study: The Patient, the Physician, and the Truth.Simon N. Whitney & David Spiegel - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (3):24.
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  29.  26
    Responses to Open Peer Commentaries on "Physicians' Silent Decisions: Because Patient Autonomy Doesn't Always Come First".Simon N. Whitney & Laurence B. McCullough - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (7):1-3.
    Physicians make some medical decisions without disclosure to their patients. Nondisclosure is possible because these are silent decisions to refrain from screening, diagnostic or therapeutic interventions. Nondisclosure is ethically permissible when the usual presumption that the patient should be involved in decisions is defeated by considerations of clinical utility or patient emotional and physical well-being. Some silent decisions—not all—are ethically justified by this standard. Justified silent decisions are typically dependent on the physician's professional judgment, experience and knowledge, and are not (...)
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  30.  7
    The patient, the physician, and the truth.Simon N. Whitney & David Spiegel - 1999 - Hastings Center Report 29 (3):24.
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  31.  98
    Families of bose rays in quantum optics.N. Mukunda, E. C. G. Sudarshan & R. Simon - 1988 - Foundations of Physics 18 (3):277-306.
    Having known classical wave optics and wave mechanics, can we reverse Schrödinger's path and extend the concept of families of rays of light to provide a new exact rendering of quantum optics including the Bose nature of photons? This question is answered in the affirmative, and the implications of the Bose symmetry for certain nonlocal correlations of the many-ray distribution functions are worked out. The similarities and the differences between classical and quantum wave optics are brought out. The ray-ray Bose (...)
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  32.  5
    Varieties of graded forgetting.Simon Nørby - 2020 - Consciousness and Cognition 84:102983.
  33. Is Non-genetic Inheritance Just a Proximate Mechanism? A Corroboration of the Extended Evolutionary Synthesis.Alex Mesoudi, Simon Blanchet, Anne Charmantier, Étienne Danchin, Laurel Fogarty, Eva Jablonka, Kevin N. Laland, Thomas J. H. Morgan, Gerd B. Müller, F. John Odling-Smee & Benoît Pujol - 2013 - Biological Theory 7 (3):189-195.
    What role does non-genetic inheritance play in evolution? In recent work we have independently and collectively argued that the existence and scope of non-genetic inheritance systems, including epigenetic inheritance, niche construction/ecological inheritance, and cultural inheritance—alongside certain other theory revisions—necessitates an extension to the neo-Darwinian Modern Synthesis (MS) in the form of an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES). However, this argument has been challenged on the grounds that non-genetic inheritance systems are exclusively proximate mechanisms that serve the ultimate function of calibrating organisms (...)
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  34.  68
    The Marketing of Employee Volunteerism.John Peloza, Simon Hudson & Derek N. Hassay - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (S2):371 - 386.
    Employee volunteerism can be an effective strategy for increasing the effectiveness of corporate philanthropy. However, in order to be effective, volunteer initiatives should be directed by the firm to ensure a strategic fit and focus on the core competencies of the firm. Therefore, internal marketing strategies are needed to ensure managers receive employee support. Our research quantitatively extends research by Peloza and Hassay {journal of Business Ethics 64(4), 357-379, 2006) who argued that employee volunteerism is motivated by egoistic, altruistic and (...)
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  35. Animal innovation: an introduction.Kevin N. Laland & Simon M. Reader - 2003 - In Simon M. Reader & Kevin N. Laland (eds.), Animal Innovation. Oxford University Press.
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  36. Introduction to Beauvoir's "Analysis of Claude Bernard's Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine".Margaret A. Simons & Helene N. Peters - 2004 - In Margaret A. Simons, Marybeth Timmermann & Mary Beth Mader (eds.), Philosophical Writings. University of Illinois Press. pp. 15-22.
    In December 1924 when Simone de Beauvoir almost certainly wrote her essay analyzing Claude Bernard's "Introduction to the Study of Experimental Medicine," a classic text in the philosophy of science, she was a 16 yr old student in a senior-level philosophy class at a private Catholic girls' school. Given the popular conception of existentialism as anti science, Beauvoir's early interest in science, reflected in her baccalaureate successes as well as her paper on Bernard, may be surprising. But her enthusiasm for (...)
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  37.  41
    Keep calm and carry on: Maintaining self-control when intoxicated, upset, or depleted.Jeffrey S. Simons, Thomas A. Wills, Noah N. Emery & Philip J. Spelman - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (8).
  38. How does music evoke emotions? Exploring the underlying mechanisms.Patrik N. Juslin, Simon Liljeström, Daniel Västfjäll & Lundqvist & Lars-Olov - 2011 - In Patrik N. Juslin & John Sloboda (eds.), Handbook of Music and Emotion: Theory, Research, Applications. Oxford University Press.
  39.  14
    Measuring the Integration of Social and Environmental Missions in Hybrid Organizations.Edward N. Gamble, Simon C. Parker & Peter W. Moroz - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 167 (2):271-284.
    This paper introduces a new typology and associated measure of social and environmental mission integration by conceptually framing a feature of hybrid organizations—the degree of integration of their revenue model and social–environmental mission. The SEMI measure is illustrated using a hand-collected sample of 256 North American Certified B Corporations. We explore the heterogeneity of SEMI scores by identifying external-facing correlates and demonstrate non-congruence with Certified B Corporation’s audit results. Overall, our findings advance existing knowledge of these hybrid organizations and how (...)
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  40.  6
    B. Zur erklärung und kritik der schriftsteller.Johannes Simon, F. Haussen, N. Wecklein & Anton Lowinski - 1884 - Philologus: Zeitschrift für Antike Literatur Und Ihre Rezeption 43 (4):707-727.
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  41.  14
    The relationship between conservation of quantity and categorized free recall in primary-grade children.Elliott W. Simon & John N. Bohannon - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (6):427-429.
  42.  5
    Global Modernity From Coloniality to Pandemic: A Cross-Disciplinary Perspective.Hatem N. Akil & Simone Maddanu (eds.) - 2022 - Amsterdam University Press.
    This book poses questions about viewing modernity today from the vantage point of traditionally disparate disciplines engaging scholars from sociology to science, philosophy to robotics, medicine to visual culture, mathematics to cultural theory, etc., including a contribution by Alain Touraine. From coloniality to pandemic, modernity can now represent a global necessity in which awareness of human and environmental crises, injustices, and inequality would create the possibility of a modernity-to-come.
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  43. The Regulation of Biomedical Experimentation in Canada: Development of an Effective Apparatus for the Implementation of Ethical Principles of Scientific Milieu.Simon N. Verdun-Jones & D. N. Weisstub - 1998 - In David N. Weisstub (ed.), Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon Press. pp. 318--354.
     
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  44. The Development of English Thought. [REVIEW]Simon N. Patten - 1900 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 10:155.
  45.  26
    The problems of global cultural homogenisation in a technologically dependant world.N. Ben Fairweather & Simon Rogerson - 2003 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 1 (1):7-12.
    Global cultural homogenisation has significant consequences for our responsibility for others in distant parts of the globe. ICT gives a powerful impetus to this cultural homogenisation. There are a number of distinct elements that contribute to this.
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  46.  7
    Understanding and tackling the reproducibility crisis - Why we need to study scientists’ trust in data.Michael W. Calnan, Simon T. Kirchin, David L. Roberts, Mark N. Wass & Martin Michaelis - unknown
    In the life sciences, there is an ongoing discussion about a perceived ‘reproducibility crisis’. However, it remains unclear to which extent the perceived lack of reproducibility is the consequence of issues that can be tackled and to which extent it may be the consequence of unrealistic expectations of the technical level of reproducibility. Large-scale, multi-institutional experimental replication studies are very cost- and time-intensive. This Perspective suggests an alternative, complementary approach: meta-research using sociological and philosophical methodologies to examine researcher trust in (...)
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  47.  16
    Cauliflower mosaic virus: Pathways of infection.Roger Hull & Simon N. Covey - 1985 - Bioessays 3 (4):160-163.
    This short review summarizes what is known, and points out some of the unknown features, about the molecular biology of the natural spread of cauliflower mosaic virus into a susceptible host and its subsequent replication in that host.
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  48. A note on concave utility functions.Martin M. Monti, Simon Grant & Daniel N. Osherson - 2005 - Mind and Society 4 (1):85-96.
    The classical theory of preference among monetary bets represents people as expected utility maximizers with concave utility functions. Critics of this account often rely on assumptions about preferences over wide ranges of total wealth. We derive a prediction of the theory that bears on bets at any fixed level of wealth, and test the prediction behaviorally. Our results are discrepant with the classical account. Competing theories are also examined in light of our data.
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  49.  20
    STS and Social Inequality: Editor's Introduction.Christine V. Wood & Simon N. Williams - 2016 - Spontaneous Generations 8 (1):1-2.
  50.  13
    When triangles become human: Action co-representation for objects.Barbara C. N. Müller, Anna K. Oostendorp, Simone Kühn, Marcel Brass, Ap Dijksterhuis & Rick B. van Baaren - 2015 - Interaction Studies 16 (1):54-67.
    Until recently, it was assumed that co-representation of others’ actions, an essential part in joint action, is biologically tuned. However, research demonstrated that we also simulate actions of non-biological interaction partners under certain conditions. In the present study, we investigated whether perceived intentionality or perspective taking is the underlying mechanisms of this phenomenon. Participants saw a short video fragment of a non-biological agent as main character. The movements of this agent were either described as intentional or as unintentional. Furthermore, participants (...)
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