Results for 'Morten H. S��rensen'

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  1.  39
    A Syntactic Embedding of Predicate Logic Into Second-Order Propositional Logic.Morten H. Sørensen & Paweł Urzyczyn - 2010 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 51 (4):457-473.
    We give a syntactic translation from first-order intuitionistic predicate logic into second-order intuitionistic propositional logic IPC2. The translation covers the full set of logical connectives ∧, ∨, →, ⊥, ∀, and ∃, extending our previous work, which studied the significantly simpler case of the universal-implicational fragment of predicate logic. As corollaries of our approach, we obtain simple proofs of nondefinability of ∃ from the propositional connectives and nondefinability of ∀ from ∃ in the second-order intuitionistic propositional logic. We also show (...)
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  2.  8
    Ungovernable: Reassessing Foucault’s Ethics in Light of Agamben’s Pauline Conception of Use.Morten Sørensen Thaning, Marius Gudmand-Høyer & Sverre Raffnsøe - 2016 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 77 (3):191-218.
    ABSTRACTIn the final volume of his Homo Sacer series, The use of bodies, Agamben claims that for Foucault ethics never escapes the horizon of governmentality and therefore his conception of ethics is ‘strategic.’ In light of this criticism, motivated by Agamben’s Pauline conception of ‘use,’ we reassess the status and function of ethics in Foucault’s late lectures. We investigate how Foucault’s approach to ethics develops from his treatment of liberal governmentality and also how its methodological foundation is developed in an (...)
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  3.  46
    Lectures on the Curry-Howard Isomorphism.Morten Heine Sørensen - 2006 - Elsevier.
    The Curry-Howard isomorphism states an amazing correspondence between systems of formal logic as encountered in proof theory and computational calculi as found in type theory. For instance, minimal propositional logic corresponds to simply typed lambda-calculus, first-order logic corresponds to dependent types, second-order logic corresponds to polymorphic types, sequent calculus is related to explicit substitution, etc. The isomorphism has many aspects, even at the syntactic level: formulas correspond to types, proofs correspond to terms, provability corresponds to inhabitation, proof normalization corresponds to (...)
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  4.  3
    Past Minds: Studies in Cognitive Historiography.Luther H. Martin & Jesper Sørensen (eds.) - 2010 - Equinox.
    How do historians understand the minds, motivations and intentions of historical agents? What might evolutionary and cognitive theorizing contribute to this work? What is the relation between natural and cultural history? Historians have been intrigued by such questions ever since publication in 1859 of Darwin's The Origin of Species, itself the historicization of biology. This interest reemerged in the latter part of the twentieth century among a number of biologists, philosophers and historians, reinforced by the new interdisciplinary finding of cognitive (...)
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  5.  73
    Dialectics, Self-Consciousness, and Recognition: The Hegelian Legacy.Asger Sørensen, Morten Raffnsøe-Møller & Arne Grøn (eds.) - 2009 - Århus Universitetsforlag.
    Hegel's influence on post-Hegelian philosophy is as profound as it is ambiguous. Modern philosophy is philosophy after Hegel. Taking leave of Hegel's system appears to be a common feature of modern and post-modern thought. One could even argue that giving up Hegel's claim of totality defines philosophy after Hegel. Modern and post-modern philosophies are philosophies of finitude: Hegel's philosophy cannot be repeated. However, its status as a negative backdrop for modern and post-modern thought already shows its pervasive influence. Precisely in (...)
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  6.  5
    Strong Cut-Elimination in Sequent Calculus Using Klop's Ι-Translation and Perpetual Reductions.Heine Sørensen Morten & Urzyczyn Paweł - 2008 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 73 (3):919-932.
    There is a simple technique, due to Dragalin, for proving strong cut-elimination for intuitionistic sequent calculus, but the technique is constrained to certain choices of reduction rules, preventing equally natural alternatives. We consider such a natural, alternative set of reduction rules and show that the classical technique is inapplicable. Instead we develop another approach combining two of our favorite tools—Klop’s ι-translation and perpetual reductions. These tools are of independent interest and have proved useful in a variety of settings; it is (...)
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  7.  69
    The Electrophysiology of Introspection.Morten Overgaard, Mika Koivisto, Thomas Alrik Sørensen, Signe Vangkilde & Antti Revonsuo - 2006 - Consciousness and Cognition 15 (4):662-672.
    To study whether the distinction between introspective and non-introspective states of mind is an empirical reality or merely a conceptual distinction, we measured event-related potentials elicited in introspective and non-introspective instruction conditions while the observers were trying to detect the presence of a masked stimulus. The ERPs indicated measurable differences related to introspection in both preconscious and conscious processes. Our data support the hypothesis that introspective states empirically differ from non-introspective states.
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  8.  21
    Raymond Smullyan, A Beginner’s Further Guide to Mathematical Logic: World Scientific Publishing 2017, Pp. 288; ISBN-10: 9814725722 £45.00, ISBN-13: 978-9814725729 £24.00, £13.49.Morten Heine Sørensen - 2019 - Studia Logica 107 (5):1079-1081.
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  9.  65
    Metaphor and Cognition From a Peircean Perspective.Bent Sørensen, Torkild Thellefsen & Morten Moth - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):562 - 574.
    : C. S. Peirce had no theory of metaphor and provided only few remarks concerning the trope. Yet, some of these remarks seem to suggest that Peirce saw metaphor as fundamental to consciousness and thought. In this article we sketch a possible connection between metaphor and cognition; we understand Peircean metaphor as rooted in abduction; it is part of an intricate relation between experience, body, sign and guessing instinct as a semeiotic mechanism which can convey new insights.
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  10.  3
    Consumer Satisfaction and Confirmation of Habits of Comprehension: The Effect of Inductive Print Advertisements – Peircean Comments.Bent Sørensen, Christian Andersen & Morten Purup Andersen - 2014 - Semiotica 2014 (199):159-174.
  11.  2
    What Can Socratic Philosophy Achieve? Plato’s Conception of Care in the Light of Christine Korsgaard’s Self-Constitution.Morten Sørensen Thaning & Johan Gersel - 2020 - International Journal of Philosophy and Theology 81 (3):227-245.
    Can rational arguments convince a person to change from a commitment to living an unvirtuous life into striving after virtue? Or can rationality, even in the best cases, only help preserve an alrea...
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  12.  1
    Book Reviews : Making Technology Our Own? Domesticating Technology Into Everyday Life, Edited by Merete Lie and Knut H. Sørensen. Oslo, Oxford, and Boston: Scandinavian University Press, 1996, Vii + 223 Pp. $36/£26. [REVIEW]E. Maria Lohan - 1998 - Science, Technology and Human Values 23 (2):249-251.
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  13.  21
    Chunk‐Based Memory Constraints on the Cultural Evolution of Language.Erin S. Isbilen & Morten H. Christiansen - 2018 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (2):713-726.
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  14. Genes and Family Environment in Familial Clustering of Cancer.Knut Borch-Johnsen, Jørgen H. Olsen & Thorkild I. A. Sørensen - 1994 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 15 (4).
    Familial clustering of a disease is defined as the occurrence of the disease within some families in excess of what would be expected from the occurrence in the population. It has been demonstrated for several cancer types, ranging from rare cancers as the adenomatosis-coli-associated colon cancer or the Li-Fraumeni syndrome to more common cancers as breast cancer and colon cancer. Familial clustering, however, is merely an epidemiological pattern, and it does not tell whether genetic or environmental causes or both in (...)
     
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  15.  6
    Preface.Morten H. Christiansen, Nick Chater & Mark S. Seidenberg - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (4):415-415.
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  16.  42
    Building Social Cognitive Models of Language Change.Daniel J. Hruschka, Morten H. Christiansen, Richard A. Blythe, William Croft, Paul Heggarty, Salikoko S. Mufwene, Janet B. Pierrehumbert & Shana Poplack - 2009 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 13 (11):464-469.
  17.  74
    Division of Labor in Vocabulary Structure: Insights From Corpus Analyses.Morten H. Christiansen & Padraic Monaghan - 2016 - Topics in Cognitive Science 8 (3):610-624.
    Psychologists have used experimental methods to study language for more than a century. However, only with the recent availability of large-scale linguistic databases has a more complete picture begun to emerge of how language is actually used, and what information is available as input to language acquisition. Analyses of such “big data” have resulted in reappraisals of key assumptions about the nature of language. As an example, we focus on corpus-based research that has shed new light on the arbitrariness of (...)
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  18.  2
    Cultural Politics of Technology: Combining Critical and Constructive Interventions?Knut H. Sørensen - 2004 - Science, Technology and Human Values 29 (2):184-190.
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  19. SØRENSEN H. S. - "The Meaning of Proper Names". [REVIEW]P. F. Strawson - 1966 - Mind 75:304.
     
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  20.  4
    Norske Kommuner I Elektronisk Utakt? Fra Sosiale Til Geografiske Digitale Ulikheter.Knut H. Sørensen & Lucía Liste Muñoz - 2011 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):67-86.
    Utviklingen innenfor informasjons- og kommunikasjonsteknologi har gitt opphav til en type etisk-politisk utfordring som gjerne kalles digital ulikhet. Tradisjonelt har det dreid seg om sosiale ulikheter i tilgangen til IKT på individnivå. Nyere forskning på området er mer opptatt av bruk og dermed av tilbudet av aktiviteter og tjenester gjennom Internett. I denne artikkelen ser vi på hvordan det kan oppstå geografisk digital ulikhet som følge av at norske kommuner tilbyr digitale tjenester – herunder informasjon og ressurser for lokalpolitisk deltakelse (...)
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  21.  20
    Fractionated Working Memory: Even in Pebbles, It's Still a Soup Stone.Morten H. Christiansen & Maryellen C. MacDonald - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):97-98.
    We agree with Caplan & Waters that there are problems with the single-resource theory of sentence comprehension. However, we challenge their dual-resource alternative on theoretical and empirical grounds and point to a more coherent solution that abandons the notion of working memory resources.
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  22.  18
    Morten Timmermann Korsgaard, Hannah Arendt og pædagogikken.Anders Dræby Sørensen - 2016 - Studier i Pædagogisk Filosofi 4 (2):106-107.
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  23.  2
    An Intracortical Implantable Brain-Computer Interface for Telemetric Real-Time Recording and Manipulation of Neuronal Circuits for Closed-Loop Intervention.Hamed Zaer, Ashlesha Deshmukh, Dariusz Orlowski, Wei Fan, Pierre-Hugues Prouvot, Andreas Nørgaard Glud, Morten Bjørn Jensen, Esben Schjødt Worm, Slávka Lukacova, Trine Werenberg Mikkelsen, Lise Moberg Fitting, John R. Adler, M. Bret Schneider, Martin Snejbjerg Jensen, Quanhai Fu, Vinson Go, James Morizio, Jens Christian Hedemann Sørensen & Albrecht Stroh - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Recording and manipulating neuronal ensemble activity is a key requirement in advanced neuromodulatory and behavior studies. Devices capable of both recording and manipulating neuronal activity brain-computer interfaces should ideally operate un-tethered and allow chronic longitudinal manipulations in the freely moving animal. In this study, we designed a new intracortical BCI feasible of telemetric recording and stimulating local gray and white matter of visual neural circuit after irradiation exposure. To increase the translational reliance, we put forward a Göttingen minipig model. The (...)
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  24.  4
    A Perspective of International Collaboration Through Web-Based Telecommunication–Inspired by COVID-19 Crisis.Hamed Zaer, Wei Fan, Dariusz Orlowski, Andreas N. Glud, Anne S. M. Andersen, M. Bret Schneider, John R. Adler, Albrecht Stroh & Jens C. H. Sørensen - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
    The tsunami effect of the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting many aspects of scientific activities. Multidisciplinary experimental studies with international collaborators are hindered by the closing of the national borders, logistic issues due to lockdown, quarantine restrictions, and social distancing requirements. The full impact of this crisis on science is not clear yet, but the above-mentioned issues have most certainly restrained academic research activities. Sharing innovative solutions between researchers is in high demand in this situation. The aim of this paper is (...)
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  25.  17
    Exploring Variation Between Artificial Grammar Learning Experiments: Outlining a Meta‐Analysis Approach.Antony S. Trotter, Padraic Monaghan, Gabriël J. L. Beckers & Morten H. Christiansen - 2020 - Topics in Cognitive Science 12 (3):875-893.
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  26.  2
    Statistically Induced Chunking Recall: A Memory‐Based Approach to Statistical Learning.Erin S. Isbilen, Stewart M. McCauley, Evan Kidd & Morten H. Christiansen - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (7).
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  27.  44
    Complicity and the Responsibility Dilemma.Morten Højer Jensen - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (1):109-127.
    Jeff McMahan famously defends a moral inequality of combatants, where liability to be attacked and potentially killed in war, should be grounded in the individual combatant’s moral responsibility for posing an unjust threat. In a response, Seth Lazar shows that McMahan’s criterion for liability leads to an unacceptable dilemma between “contingent pacifism” and “total war”, i.e. between war being practically infeasible, or implausibly many civilians being legitimate targets. The problem is that McMahan grounds liability mainly in the individual’s causal responsibility (...)
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  28.  7
    Complicity and the Responsibility Dilemma.Morten Højer Jensen - 2020 - Philosophical Studies 177 (1):109-127.
    Jeff McMahan famously defends a moral inequality of combatants, where liability to be attacked and potentially killed in war, should be grounded in the individual combatant’s moral responsibility for posing an unjust threat. In a response, Seth Lazar shows that McMahan’s criterion for liability leads to an unacceptable dilemma between “contingent pacifism” and “total war”, i.e. between war being practically infeasible, or implausibly many civilians being legitimate targets. The problem is that McMahan grounds liability mainly in the individual’s causal responsibility (...)
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  29. Marcel Mauss: Kvinder, høfligheder og talismaner. Gaven som fuldstændig social kendsgerning.Asger Sørensen - 2001 - In Mikael Carleheden, Michael Hviid Jacobsen & Søren Kristiansen (eds.), Tradition Og Fornyelse. Ålborg: pp. 71--92.
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  30. Universiteternes nye hæderssystem medfører faglighedens undergang.Asger Sørensen & Peter Kemp - 2011 - Politiken:sekt. 2, s. 9.
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  31. Marcel Mauss. Kvinder, høfligheder og talismaner: Gaven som fuldstœndig social kendsgerning.Asger Sørensen - 2001 - In . Ålborg Universitetsforlag.
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  32.  13
    Mathematics Unbound: The Evolution of an International Mathematical Research Community, 1800?1945 - Edited by Karen H. Parshall and Adrian C. Rice. [REVIEW]Henrik Kragh Sørensen - 2007 - Centaurus 49 (2):179-181.
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  33.  1
    Perspectives on Scandinavian Science in the Early Twentieth Century - Edited by Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze; H. Kragh Sørensen.Annette Lykknes - 2007 - Centaurus 49 (3):253-254.
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  34.  6
    Transforming Scientists’ Understanding of Science–Society Relations. Stimulating Double-Loop Learning When Teaching RRI.Maria Bårdsen Hesjedal, Heidrun Åm, Knut H. Sørensen & Roger Strand - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1633-1653.
    The problem of developing research and innovation in accordance with society’s general needs and values has received increasing attention in research policy. In the last 7 years, the concept of “Responsible Research and Innovation” has gained prominence in this regard, along with the resulting question of how best to integrate awareness about science–society relations into daily practices in research and higher education. In this context, post-graduate training has been seen as a promising entrance point, but tool-kit approaches more frequently have (...)
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  35.  8
    Keeping Emotions in Mind: The Influence of Working Memory Capacity on Parent-Reported Symptoms of Emotional Lability in a Sample of Children With and Without ADHD.Daniel André Jensen, Marie Farstad Høvik, Nadja Josefine Nyhammer Monsen, Thale Hegdahl Eggen, Heike Eichele, Steinunn Adolfsdottir, Kerstin Jessica Plessen & Lin Sørensen - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  36. Individual Differences in Artificial and Natural Language Statistical Learning.Erin S. Isbilen, Stewart M. McCauley & Morten H. Christiansen - 2022 - Cognition 225:105123.
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  37. Statistically Based Chunking of Nonadjacent Dependencies.Erin S. Isbilen, Rebecca L. A. Frost, Padraic Monaghan & Morten H. Christiansen - forthcoming - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General.
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  38.  22
    "Hvorfor pædagogisk filosofi?".Jørgen Huggler & Asger Sørensen (eds.) - 2012 - Studier i pædagogisk filosofi, no. 1.
    Filosofi og pædagogik er gamle fæller, og der er et overlap mellem filosofiens historie og pædagogikkens historiske litteratur. Store tænkere som Platon, Aristoteles, Augustin, Descartes, Locke, Rousseau, Kant, Hegel, Schleiermacher, Herbart og Dewey hører hjemme begge steder. I den pædagogiske filosofi kan almene teoretiske og praktisk filosofiske spørgsmål udforskes systematisk og historisk. Gennem diskussioner af sådanne spørgsmål kan man forholde sig mere nysgerrigt, bevidst, begrundet og kritisk til pædagogisk praksis såvel som til pædagogisk teori, empiri og undervisningsteknologi. -/- Fællesskabet er (...)
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  39. Frigørelsesfilosofi.Enrique Dussel & Asger Sørensen (eds.) - 2008 - København: Politisk Revy.
    Et uventet og uformodet bidrag og introduktion til en filosofisk forståelse af den nye globaliserede verdensorden, der kommer fra et nyt sted i denne vores globaliserede verden: Mexiko. Ny og ukendt i hvert fald i en dansk sammenhæng – hverken vores stats- eller udenrigsminister har garanteret hørt om Enrique Dussel før. -/- Forfatteren forholder sig eksplicit til en europæisk filosofisk tradition, men udbygger en egensindig forståelse af både filosofi og dens anvendelse i enmoderne verdensorden – netop på baggrund af en (...)
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  40. Grøn Genstart: A Quali-Quantitative Micro-History of a Political Idea in Real-Time.Morten A. Pedersen, Anders Blok, Thyge R. Enggaard & Annika S. H. Isfeldt - 2022 - Big Data and Society 9 (1).
    In this study, we build on a recent social data scientific mapping of Danish environmentalist organizations and activists during the COVID-19 lockdown in order to sketch a distinct genre of digital social research that we dub a quali-quantitative micro-history of ideas in real-time. We define and exemplify this genre by tracing and tracking the single political idea and activist slogan of grøn genstart across Twitter and other public–political domains. Specifically, we achieve our micro-history through an iterative and mutual attuning between (...)
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  41.  15
    Philosophical Practice as Self-Modification: An Essay on Michel Foucault’s Critical Engagement with Philosophy.Sverre Raffnsøe, Morten Thaning & Marius Gudmand-Høyer - 2018 - Foucault Studies 25:8.
    This essay argues that what makes Michel Foucault’s oeuvre not only stand apart but also cohere is an assiduous philosophical practice taking the form of an ongoing yet concrete self-modification in the medium of thought. Part I gives an account of three essential aspects of Foucault’s conception of philosophical activity. Beginning with his famous characterization of philosophy in terms of ascēsis, it moves on to articulate his characterization of philosophical practice as a distinct form of meditation, differing from both Cartesian (...)
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  42.  5
    Philosophical Practice as Self-Modification: An Essay on Michel Foucault’s Critical Engagement with Philosophy.Sverre Raffnsøe, Morten Thaning & Marius Gudmand-Høyer - forthcoming - Foucault Studies:8-54.
    This essay argues that what makes Michel Foucault’s oeuvre not only stand apart but also cohere is an assiduous philosophical practice taking the form of an ongoing yet concrete self-modification in the medium of thought. Part I gives an account of three essential aspects of Foucault’s conception of philosophical activity. Beginning with his famous characterization of philosophy in terms of ascēsis, it moves on to articulate his characterization of philosophical practice as a distinct form of meditation, differing from both Cartesian (...)
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  43. Form and Content in the Philosophical Dialogue: Dialectic and Dialogue in the Lysis / Morten S. Thaning ; The Laches and 'Joint Search' Dialectic / Holger Thesleff ; The Philosophical Importance of the Dialogue Form for Plato / Charles H. Kahn ; How Did Aristotle Read a Platonic Dialogue?Jakob L. Fink - 2012 - In The Development of Dialectic From Plato to Aristotle. Cambridge University Press.
  44.  42
    Positioning Theory som pædagogisk teori – Til et forsvar for en svag pædagogik.Morten Timmermann Korsgaard & Stig Skov Mortensen - 2015 - Studier I Pædagogisk Filosofi 3 (1):55-70.
    The article addresses the emerging framework of ‘positioning theory’, which has become influential in educational theory. We will present the central concepts and ideas of ‘positioning theory’ and subsequently how they are being used to contribute to educational theory. We will focus on an article by Svend Brinkmann where he uses ‘positioning theory’ as the foundation for moral education. Seemingly, Brinkmann uses ‘positioning theory’ rather uncritically in an attempt to ‘strengthen’ the educational process by introducing fixed categorisations and concepts to (...)
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  45.  1
    Professionernes Etiske Kerne.Morten Dige - 2014 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 2 (2):4-22.
    Med udgangspunkt i en case fra socialt arbejde præsenterer artiklen en "etisk læsning" af professioner og professionsudøvelse. Det gøres gældende, at visse fag og ydelser, først og fremmest de klassiske hjælpeprofessioner, er etiske i deres kerne ved at have som formål at værne om og fremme etiske grundværdier. Hvad der kvalificerer som etiske grundværdier søges belyst ud fra en aristotelisk etikforståelse. På baggrund heraf gøres der rede for, hvorfor de "tre au'er": autorisation, autonomi og autenticitet ifølge den etiske læsning er (...)
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  46. Language as Shaped by the Brain.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (5):489-509.
    It is widely assumed that human learning and the structure of human languages are intimately related. This relationship is frequently suggested to derive from a language-specific biological endowment, which encodes universal, but communicatively arbitrary, principles of language structure (a Universal Grammar or UG). How might such a UG have evolved? We argue that UG could not have arisen either by biological adaptation or non-adaptationist genetic processes, resulting in a logical problem of language evolution. Specifically, as the processes of language change (...)
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  47.  40
    The Now-or-Never Bottleneck: A Fundamental Constraint on Language.Morten H. Christiansen & Nick Chater - 2016 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 39:1-52.
    Memory is fleeting. New material rapidly obliterates previous material. How, then, can the brain deal successfully with the continual deluge of linguistic input? We argue that, to deal with this “Now-or-Never” bottleneck, the brain must compress and recode linguistic input as rapidly as possible. This observation has strong implications for the nature of language processing: the language system must “eagerly” recode and compress linguistic input; as the bottleneck recurs at each new representational level, the language system must build a multilevel (...)
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  48.  2
    Kampen Om Matfatet Og Matproduksjonen.Hans Morten Haugen - 2013 - Etikk I Praksis - Nordic Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (1):55-72.
    Antallet sultne i verden har økt, selv om det kan diskuteres om det i dag er en høyere eller lavere andel som lider under sult enn for seks år siden – før matprisøkningen. Alle er uansett enige om at det samlet sett produseres nok mat i verden til at alle kan få dekket sine ernæringsbehov. Artikkelen viser at to hovedretninger i debatten om matproduksjon står mot hverandre. Den dominerende retningen fokuserer primært på matsikkerhet, forstått som økt matproduksjon og økt handel (...)
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  49.  22
    Implicit Statistical Learning: A Tale of Two Literatures.Morten H. Christiansen - 2019 - Topics in Cognitive Science 11 (3):468-481.
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  50.  87
    Language Evolution: Consensus and Controversies.Morten H. Christiansen & Simon Kirby - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (7):300-307.
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