Results for 'Moral Conscience'

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  1.  12
    Moral Conscience Through the Ages: Fifth Century Bce to the Present.Richard Sorabji - 2014 - Oxford, GB: University of Chicago Press.
    Richard Sorabji presents a unique exploration of the development of moral conscience over 2500 years, from the playwrights of classical Greece to the present. His virtuoso study of the development of pagan, Christian, and secular conceptions of conscience culminates in a consideration of the nature, value, and role of conscience today.
  2. Modern Moral Conscience.Tom O’Shea - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (4):582-600.
    This article challenges the individualism and neutrality of modern moral conscience. It looks to the history of the concept to excavate an older tradition that takes conscience to be social and morally responsive, while arguing that dominant contemporary justifications of conscience in terms of integrity are inadequate without reintroducing these social and moral traits. This prompts a rethinking of the nature and value of conscience: first, by demonstrating that a morally-responsive conscience is neither (...)
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  3. Moral Conscience Through the Ages.Richard Sorabji - 2014 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Richard Sorabji presents a unique discussion of the development of moral conscience over a period of 2500 years, from the playwrights of the fifth century BCE to the present. He addresses key topics including the original meaning and continuing nature of conscience, the ideas of freedom of religion and conscience with climaxes in the early Christian centuries and the seventeenth, the disputes on absolution or 'terrorisation' of conscience, dilemmas of conscience, and moral double-bind, (...)
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  4.  21
    Moral conscience’s fall from grace: an investigation into conceptual history.Hasse J. Hämäläinen - 2021 - Intellectual History Review 31 (2):283-299.
    This article investigates the question why even the existence of “moral conscience” became regarded with serious doubts among radical eighteenth-century French philosophes La Mettrie, d’Holbach, Diderot, and Voltaire, from the vantage point of conceptual history. The philosophes’ stance of regarding moral conscience only as a name for certain acquired prejudices both fails to engage with the conception of moral conscience upheld by their theistic opponents and stands in a sharp contrast to the moral (...)
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  5.  18
    Moral Conscience through the Ages: Fifth Century BCE to the Present.Jeffrey Hause - 2016 - Philosophical Quarterly 66 (265):864-867.
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  6.  8
    The Concept of Moral Conscience in Ancient Greek Philosophy.Michail Mantzanas - 2020 - Conatus 5 (2):65.
    The concept of consciousness in ancient Greek philosophy, concerns the internal autonomy and philosophical freedom from the condemnation of ignorance of both the foreign and the domestic world. The ancient Greek philosophers pointed out the value of the dialectic with the inner self to the problem of moral conscience and handed us a legacy of values and the primacy of reason. The concept of moral consciousness in ancient Greek philosophy. The article examines the concept of moral (...)
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  7.  35
    Moral Conscience Through The Ages by Richard Sorabji Oxford University Press, 2014, pp. 288, £22.50 ISBN: 978-0-19-968554-7. [REVIEW]Sophie Grace Chappell - 2016 - Philosophy 91 (2):290-303.
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  8.  9
    Richard Sorabji, Moral Conscience through the Ages: Fifth Century BCE to the Present.Ian Clausen - 2018 - Augustinian Studies 49 (1):170-173.
  9.  24
    Moral Conscience through the Ages: Fifth Century BCE to the Present. By Richard Sorabji. Pp. ix, 265, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014, £22.50. [REVIEW]Matthew T. Nowachek - 2020 - Heythrop Journal 61 (2):352-354.
    Richard Sorabji presents a unique discussion of the development of moral conscience over a period of 2500 years, from the playwrights of the fifth century BCE to the present. He addresses key topics including the original meaning and continuing nature of conscience, the ideas of freedom of religion and conscience with climaxes in the early Christian centuries and the seventeenth, the disputes on absolution or 'terrorisation' of conscience, dilemmas of conscience,and moral double-bind, the (...)
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  10.  76
    Freud's Theory of Moral Conscience.David H. Jones - 1966 - Philosophy 41 (155):34 - 57.
    Freud is often assumed to have given an explanation of how human beings acquire a morality, especially as it is manifested in the phenomenon of moral conscience. Freud himself certainly lends credence to such an interpretation of his theory, as the following passage testifies.
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  11.  20
    Locke on Moral Conscience and Liberty of Conscience.Manfred Svensson - 2011 - Ideas Y Valores 60 (146):141–164.
    Locke is known for his place in the history of the liberty of conscience, but he is not known for any significant theory of moral conscience. This article aims at clarifying his views regarding both problems, and argues for the need to discuss both of these questions simultaneously, in order to avoid the trivialization of liberty of conscience.
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  12.  14
    Moral Conscience through the Ages. [REVIEW]Peter Simpson - 2015 - Review of Metaphysics 69 (2):412-413.
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  13.  73
    Augustine on moral conscience.Manfred Svensson - 2013 - Heythrop Journal 54 (1):42-54.
    There are widely differing accounts of Augustine's place in the early history of the notion of conscience. While some regard his contribution as groundbreaking, others consider that he only stressed interiority more than earlier authors. Starting with a contrast with Jerome, the present article aims at clarifying Augustine's specific contribution and the place of conscience in his moral thought.
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  14.  21
    Medical confidentiality and disclosure: Moral conscience and legal constraints.Richard H. S. Tur - 1998 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 15 (1):15–28.
    I argue that the duty of confidentiality is relative, not absolute; and that it is primarily a matter for the professional judgment of the reflective health practitioner to determine in the particular case whether competing public interests (or other compelling reasons) override that duty. I have supported that account with an analysis of medical practice as a recourse role and with an account of law that emphasises not only its duty‐imposing character but also, and crucially, an embedded liberty to depart (...)
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  15.  5
    Moral conscience through the ages by Richard Sorabji, oxford university press, oxford, 2014, pp. 265, £20.00, hbk conscience & authority in the medieval church by Alexander Murray, oxford university press, oxford, 2015, pp. XI + 206, £30.00, hbk. [REVIEW]Margaret Atkins Crsa - 2016 - New Blackfriars 97 (1072):736-738.
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  16. Hegel's View om Moral Conscience and Kierkegaard's Interpretation of Abraham.Jon Stewart - 1998 - Kierkegaardiana 19.
  17.  2
    Formation of moral conscience.Octavi Fullat - 1983 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 5:157.
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  18.  64
    The Educational Demands of a Philosophical Theory of Moral Conscience in a Modern Democracy.Vasiliki Karavakou - 2006 - The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 4:65-71.
    The philosophical understanding of moral conscience should constitute one of the most significant concerns of any modern theory of moral education that wishes to be credible and reliable in all morally demanding situations. The purpose of this paper is not to contest the widely accepted notion of conscience as the absolute mark of our moral and spiritual integrity. The purpose of the paper is to postulate and stress the importance of certain "contextual" factors without which (...)
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  19.  22
    The Hospital Ethics Committee Health Care's Moral Conscience or White Elephant?David C. Blake - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (1):6.
    In a morally fragmented society there is no good reason for ethics committees to assume any particular point of view, yet failure to do so compromises their ability to function in either a case‐review or an educational capacity. A casuist methodology might enable committees to fulfill both roles.
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  20.  6
    Bound Sovereignty: The Origins of Moral Conscience in Nietzsche’s “Sovereign Individual”.Thomas R. Meredith - 2021 - Nietzsche Studien 50 (1):217-243.
    This paper offers a new interpretation of Nietzsche’s “sovereign individual,” which appears in the second treatise of his 1887 On the Genealogy of Morality. I argue that Nietzsche’s presentation of that figure’s sovereignty is much more ambiguous than has hitherto been recognized. In contrast to scholars who argue that he is either completely free from moral conscience or entirely subservient to it, I argue that he is neither completely autonomous nor heteronomous. He surpasses the need for the enforcement (...)
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  21. Conscience: the mechanism of morality.Jeffrey White - manuscript
    Conscience is often referred to yet not understood. This text develops a theory of cognition around a model of conscience, the ACTWith model. It represents a synthesis of results from contemporary neuroscience with traditional philosophy, building from Jamesian insights into the emergence of the self to narrative identity, all the while motivated by a single mechanism as represented in the ACTWith model. Emphasis is placed on clarifying historical expressions and demonstrations of conscience - Socrates, Heidegger, Kant, M.L. (...)
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  22.  70
    Morality, religious and secular: the dilemma of the traditional conscience.Basil Mitchell - 1980 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book analyzes the moral confusion of contemporary society, relating rival conceptions of morality with a wide variety of views about the nature and predicament of man. Mitchell argues that many secular thinkers possess a traditional "Christian" conscience which they find hard to defend in terms of an entirely secular world-view, but which is more in line with a Christian understanding of man.
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  23.  2
    Kant and the Inquisitor. The hypothetical recourse to God from moral conscience.Miguel González Vallejos - 2016 - Anuario Filosófico 49 (3):565-584.
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  24.  3
    From the critique of the philosophy of the conscience to the claim of the moral conscience.Carlos Gómez - 2009 - Eidos: Revista de Filosofía de la Universidad Del Norte 10:10-50.
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  25.  3
    Caveats Regarding Slippery Slopes and Physicians’ Moral Conscience.Edmund G. Howe - 1992 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 3 (4):251-255.
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  26.  7
    Pluralisme, Geweten en Verantwoordelijkheid Pluralism, Moral Conscience and Responsability.H. Vos - 1994 - Bijdragen 55 (1):24-42.
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  27.  4
    Sartre y la Trascendencia Del Ego: La Preparación de Una Filosofía Existencial a la Luz de Una Ontología Fenomenológica.Alejandro Escudero Morales - 2017 - Síntesis Revista de Filosofía 11 (1):51.
    El presente artículo tiene como objetivo señalar el procedimiento, que Jean Paul Sartre lleva a cabo en su primera obra filosófica, La trascendencia del ego. A nuestro juicio, esta obra al igual que El ser y la nada tiene como fundamento metodológico la llamada “ontología fenomenológica”. Con el fin de fundamentar esta tesis señalamos que el ego trascendente y el cogito tienen el mismo sentido ontológico que el ser-en-sí y ser-para-sí.
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  28.  8
    Conscience, Moral Reasoning, and Skepticism.Larry R. Churchill - 2019 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 62 (3):519-526.
    Lauris Kaldjian makes a strong case for respecting the role of conscience in the practice of medicine. His excellent book, Practicing Medicine and Ethics, presents an historically informed and carefully crafted explication of the role of conscience in Western ethics and its relevance for medical practitioners. The essay that initiates the discussion in this issue of Perspectives in Biology and Medicine is an equally well-written and lucid account of this important component of morality. But it is also worrisome (...)
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  29.  40
    Moral differences: truth, justice, and conscience in a world of conflict.Richard W. Miller - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    In a wide-ranging inquiry Richard W. Miller provides new resources for coping with the most troubling types of moral conflict: disagreements in moral conviction, conflicting interests, and the tension between conscience and desires. Drawing on most fields in philosophy and the social sciences, including his previous work in the philosophy of science, he presents an account of our access to moral truth, and, within this framework, develops a theory of justice and an assessment of the role (...)
  30.  35
    Conscience Clauses, the Refusal to Treat, and Civil Disobedience—Practicing Medicine as a Christian in a Hostile Secular Moral Space.Mark J. Cherry - 2012 - Christian Bioethics 18 (1):1-14.
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  31. The Moral Tug: Conscience, Quiescence and Free Will.Rolfe King - 2020 - Theologica 4 (2).
    In this article I argue that if conscience, working properly, involves some form of ‘moral tug’, then this is incompatible with the state of ‘quiescence’ put forward as a central element of Eleonore Stump’s account of repentance. Quiescence is also a key notion for Stump’s theodicy in Wandering in the Darkness and Stump’s thesis in her book, Atonement. Quiescence is about an inactive, or neutral, or stationary, state of the will prior to turning to the good, or God, (...)
     
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  32.  9
    Moral Differences: Truth, Justice, and Conscience in a World of Conflict.Richard W. Miller - 1992 - Princeton University Press.
    In a wide-ranging inquiry Richard W. Miller provides new resources for coping with the most troubling types of moral conflict: disagreements in moral conviction, conflicting interests, and the tension between conscience and desires. Drawing on most fields in philosophy and the social sciences, including his previous work in the philosophy of science, he presents an account of our access to moral truth, and, within this framework, develops a theory of justice and an assessment of the role (...)
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  33. Conscience – an essay in moral psychology.William Lyons - 2009 - Philosophy 84 (4):477-494.
    The ultimate aim of this essay is to suggest that conscience is a very important part of human psychology and of our moral point of view, not something that can be dismissed as merely ‘a part of Christian theology’. The essay begins with discussions of what might be regarded as the two most influential functional models of conscience, the classical Christian account of conscience and the Freudian account of conscience. Then, using some insights from these (...)
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  34.  13
    Evolved Morality: The Biology and Philosophy of Human Conscience.Frans B. M. De Waal, Patricia Smith Churchland, Telmo Pievani & Stefano Parmigiani (eds.) - 2014 - Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill.
    Morality is often defined in opposition to the natural "instincts," or as a tool to keep those instincts in check. New findings in neuroscience, social psychology, animal behaviour, and anthropology have brought us back to the original Darwinian position that moral behaviour is continuous with the social behavior of animals, and most likely evolved to enhance the cooperativeness of society. In this view, morality is part of human nature rather than its opposite. This interdisciplinary volume debates the origin and (...)
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  35.  1
    How Conscience Apps and Caring Computers will Illuminate and Strengthen Human Morality.James J. Hughes - 2014 - In Russell Blackford & Damien Broderick (eds.), Intelligence Unbound. Chichester, UK: Wiley. pp. 26–34.
    The biopolitics of intervening directly in the body with drugs, genes, and wires have always been far more fraught than the issues surrounding the use of gadgets. This chapter explores the way that conscience apps and morality software are an underexplored bridge between the traditional forms of moral enhancement and the more invasive methods that we will develop eventually. It discusses the core elements such as self‐control, caring, moral cognition, mindfulness, and wisdom or intelligence. Critics of morality (...)
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  36.  13
    Cultivating conscience: Moral neurohabilitation of adolescents and young adults with conduct and/or antisocial personality disorders.Nancy Tuck & Linda MacDonald Glenn - 2021 - Bioethics 35 (4):337-347.
    Individuals diagnosed with conduct disorder (CD) in childhood and adolescence are at risk for increasingly maladaptive and dangerous behaviors, which unchecked, can lead to antisocial personality disorder (ASPD) in adulthood. Children with CD, especially those with the callous unemotional subgroup qualifier (“limited prosocial emotions”/dsm‐5), present with a more severe pattern of delinquency, aggression, and antisocial behavior, all markings of prodrome ASPD. Given this recognized diagnostic trajectory, with a pathological course playing out tragically at the individual, familial, and societal level, and (...)
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  37.  5
    Conscience in Moral Life: Rethinking How Our Convictions Structure Self and Society.Jason J. Howard - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    An innovative and original study of the history, moral phenomenology and reliability of the concept of conscience.
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  38.  6
    Compromised Conscience: A Scoping Review of Moral Injury Among Firefighters, Paramedics, and Police Officers.Liana M. Lentz, Lorraine Smith-MacDonald, David Malloy, R. Nicholas Carleton & Suzette Brémault-Phillips - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    BackgroundPublic Safety Personnel are routinely exposed to human suffering and need to make quick, morally challenging decisions. Such decisions can affect their psychological wellbeing. Participating in or observing an event or situation that conflicts with personal values can potentially lead to the development of moral injury. Common stressors associated with moral injury include betrayal, inability to prevent death or harm, and ethical dilemmas. Potentially psychologically traumatic event exposures and post-traumatic stress disorder can be comorbid with moral injury; (...)
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  39.  18
    Conscience, moral truth, and moral errors: Some responses to Edmund Leites.Chung-Ying Cheng - 1974 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 2 (1):79-86.
  40.  7
    Conscience and Conscientiousness in Linda Zagzebski’s Exemplarist Moral Theory.Bernard G. Prusak - 2021 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 95 (4):679-700.
    Linda Zagzebski’s exemplarist moral theory takes as its foundation “exemplars of goodness identified directly by the emotion of admiration.” This paper’s basic question is whether Zagzebski’s trust in the emotion of admiration is well-founded. In other words, do we have good reason to trust that those we admire on conscientious reflection warrant our admiration, such that we will not be led astray? The paper’s thesis is that Zagzebski’s theory would be stronger with a more fully developed account of (...). The paper outlines and discusses Zagzebski’s theory, articulates the epistemic challenge that the theory confronts, and proposes a sketch of an account of conscience that supplements Zagzebski’s account of conscientiousness. (shrink)
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  41.  23
    Moral Imperatives and Conundrums of Conscience: Reflections on Philip the Fair of France.Elizabeth A. R. Brown - 2012 - Speculum 87 (1):1-36.
    When I was asked to propose a topic for my presidential address, the subject I chose, moral imperatives and conundrums of conscience, seemed to me particularly appropriate and timely. This was in part because of the problems of conscience caused for many members of the Academy by the decision to hold the annual meeting in Arizona, whose restrictive laws on immigration seemed to many to violate basic principles of right and justice and hence to warrant a boycott. (...)
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  42.  8
    Conscience in Moral Life: Rethinking How Our Convictions Structure Self.Jason J. Howard - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    An innovative and original study of the history, moral phenomenology and reliability of the concept of conscience.
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  43.  22
    Primordial Moral Awareness: Levinas, Conscience, and the Unavoidable Call to Responsibility.Daniel J. Fleming - 2015 - Heythrop Journal 56 (4):604-618.
    The phenomenon of conscience as articulated in Roman Catholic moral theology has at least three dimensions: a fundamental and universal call to moral goodness; the search for moral truth; and a commitment to act in a particular way. Recent moral theology has tended to focus on the latter two dimensions, but there has been a strong call from Thomas Ryan for attention to the first dimension of conscience, especially its constitution in ‘horizontal relationality’. In (...)
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  44.  3
    Conscience: writings from "Moral Theology" by Saint Alphonsus.Alfonso Maria de' Liguori - 2019 - Liguori, MO: Liguori Publications. Edited by Raphael Gallagher.
    a doubtful law does not bind -- Second corollary : uncertain law cannot impose certain obligation -- Commentary on the Treatise on conscience.
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  45. Moral Responsibility in Conflicts: Essays on Nonviolence, War and Conscience.James F. Childress - 1983 - Journal of Religious Ethics 11 (1):163-163.
     
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  46.  25
    Conscience-morale et certitude de soi dans les Principes de la philosophie du droit de Hegel.Antoine Grandjean - 2003 - Revue de Métaphysique et de Morale 4 (4):513-528.
    La section des Principes de la philosophie du droit concernant « Le Bien et la conscience-morale » développe la dialectique de la subjectivité morale au sens strict. Il s’agit du procès par lequel le point de vue moral subjectif, dès lors qu’il se porte à l’absolu, conduit à l’impossibilité pour la conscience morale formelle de délivrer un critère réel de l’action, de sorte que Hegel déplace le Mal de son lieu traditionnel (le libre arbitre) pour en faire (...)
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  47.  43
    The moral significance of claims of conscience in healthcare.Mark R. Wicclair - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (12):30 – 31.
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  48.  21
    "Conscience the Ground of Consciousness": The Moral Epistemology of Coleridge's Aids to Reflection.Jeffrey Hipolito - 2004 - Journal of the History of Ideas 65 (3):455-474.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Journal of the History of Ideas 65.3 (2004) 455-474 [Access article in PDF] "Conscience the Ground of Consciousness": The Moral Epistemology of Coleridge's Aids to Reflection Jeffrey Hipolito Everett Community College. It will hardly come as a shock to the readers of this journal that Kant has been the philosophical gatekeeper of all those who have come after him and that the scale of his achievement was (...)
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  49. Conscience: a study in seventeenth century English Protestant moral theology.Kevin T. Kelly - 1967 - London: G. Chapman.
     
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  50.  31
    Conscience, casuistry, and moral decision: Some historical perspectives.Edmund Leites - 1974 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 2 (1):41-58.
    The body of this paper is devoted to tracing out some aspects of the development of the idea of conscience in the Church of England in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. Surely, it may seem, a subject of limited interest to the readers of this journal! Yet I hope they will find otherwise. I chose to describe this phase of the history of conscience in the West because it illustrates a decisive shift in ideas about (...) which has occurred in many Western cultures besides England's: the belief that the individual ought in many cases to seek the aid of others in forming his moral judgments gives way to the belief that he ought to be self‐reliant in such matters. A knowledge of this shift can advance the philosophical understanding of the idea of conscience and the work to be done in the comparative study of conscience ‘East‘and ‘West.'. (shrink)
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