Results for 'Monty Escab��'

168 found
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  1.  25
    If Monty Hall Falls or Crawls.Christopher A. Pynes - 2014 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 9 (2):33-47.
    The Monty Hall problem is consistently misunderstood. Mathematician Jeffrey Rosenthal argues in Monty Hall, Monty Fall, Monty Crawl” and Struck By Lightning that a proportionality principle can solve and explain the Monty Hall problem and its variants like Monty Fall and Monty Crawl better than the classic solution. Rosenthal’s Monty Fall example and solution are examined in detail. I show he has misidentified the crucial assumption in the Monty Hall problem, and (...)
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  2. Monty Hall, Doomsday and Confirmation.Darren Bradley & Branden Fitelson - 2003 - Analysis 63 (1):23–31.
    We give an analysis of the Monty Hall problem purely in terms of confirmation, without making any lottery assumptions about priors. Along the way, we show the Monty Hall problem is structurally identical to the Doomsday Argument.
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  3. Baumann on the Monty Hall Problem and Single-Case Probabilities.Ken Levy - 2007 - Synthese 158 (1):139-151.
    Peter Baumann uses the Monty Hall game to demonstrate that probabilities cannot be meaningfully applied to individual games. Baumann draws from this first conclusion a second: in a single game, it is not necessarily rational to switch from the door that I have initially chosen to the door that Monty Hall did not open. After challenging Baumann's particular arguments for these conclusions, I argue that there is a deeper problem with his position: it rests on the false assumption (...)
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  4. Monty Hall Drives a Wedge Between Judy Benjamin and the Sleeping Beauty: A Reply to Bovens.Luc Bovens & Jose-Luis Ferreira - 2010 - Analysis 70 (3):473 - 481.
    In “Judy Benjamin is a Sleeping Beauty” (2010) Bovens recognises a certain similarity between the Sleeping Beauty (SB) and the Judy Benjamin (JB). But he does not recognise the dissimilarity between underlying protocols (as spelled out in Shafer (1985). Protocols are expressed in conditional probability tables that spell out the probability of coming to learn various propositions conditional on the actual state of the world. The principle of total evidence requires that we not update on the content of the proposition (...)
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  5.  5
    Monty Hall Three Door ’Anomaly’ Revisited: A Note on Deferment in an Extensive Form Game.Philipp E. Otto - 2021 - Mind and Society 21 (1):25-35.
    The Monty Hall game is one of the most discussed decision problems, but where a convincing behavioral explanation of the systematic deviations from probability theory is still lacking. Most people not changing their initial choice, when this is beneficial under information updating, demands further explanation. Not only trust and the incentive of interestingly prolonging the game for the audience can explain this kind of behavior, but the strategic setting can be modeled more sophisticatedly. When aiming to increase the odds (...)
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  6. Modeling Monty Hall in If Logic.Silviu Velica & Gabriel Sandu - 2017 - In Ramaswamy Ramanujam, Lawrence Moss & Can Başkent (eds.), Rohit Parikh on Logic, Language and Society. Springer Verlag.
     
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  7. Recensioni Maria-Cristina Pitassi (Éd.), Inventaire Critique de la Correspondance de Jean-Alphonse Turrettini. Avec la Collaboration de Laurence Vial-Bergon, Pierre-Olivier Léchot Et Eric-Olivier Lochard.Maria Teresa Monti - 2010 - Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 65 (2):361.
     
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  8.  3
    What is Beauty? A Multidisciplinary Approach to Aesthetic Experience.Martino Rossi Monti & Davor Pećnjak (eds.) - 2020 - Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
    From Physical World to Transcendent God(s): Mediatory Functions of Beauty in Plato, Dante and Rupa Gosvami -/- Dragana Jagušić -/- In various philosophical, religious and mystical traditions, beauty is often related to intellectual upliftment and spiritual ascent, which suggests that besides its common aesthetic value it may also acquire an epistemic, metaphysical and spiritual meaning or value. I will examine in detail three accounts in which beauty, at times inseparable from desire and love, mediates between physical, intellectual and spiritual levels (...)
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  9. Monty Python and Philosophy.George Reisch & G. Hardcastle (eds.) - 2006
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  10. Existentialism and Monty Python: Kafka, Camus, Nietzsche, and Sartre.Edward Slowik - 2006 - In George Reisch & G. Hardcastle (eds.), Monty Python and Philosophy. Chicago, IL: Open Court: pp. 173-186.
    This essay utilizes the work of the comedy group, Monty Python, as a means of introducing basic concepts in Existentialism, especially as it pertains to the writings of Nietzsche, Sartre, and Camus.
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  11. On Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison's Objectivity, MIT Press, 2007.Martino Rossi Monti & Patrick Singy - 2009 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 1 (1):277-288.
     
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  12. Monty Hall No Newcomb Problem.Joseph Ellin - unknown - Proceedings of the Heraclitean Society 17.
  13.  4
    What is Beauty? A Multidisciplinary Approach to Aesthetic Experience.Martino Rossi Monti & Davor Pećnjak (eds.) - 2020 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    Does art need to be beautiful? Can humour be beautiful? What is the relationship between beauty and mimetic behaviour? What does literature have to do with beauty? What are the limitations of neuroscientific approaches to beauty? Are the experience of beauty and the production of â oeartâ confined to anatomically modern humans? Is the experience of beauty confined to humans at all? These are just some of the questions discussed in this volume. It gathers together authors from different areas of (...)
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  14.  48
    Sleeping Beauty on Monty Hall.Michel Janssen & Sergio Pernice - unknown - Philosophies 5 (3):15.
    Inspired by the Monty Hall Problem and a popular simple solution to it, we present a number of game-show puzzles that are analogous to the notorious Sleeping Beauty Problem, but much easier to solve. We replace the awakenings of Sleeping Beauty by contestants on a game show, like Monty Hall’s, and increase the number of awakenings/contestants in the same way that the number of doors in the Monty Hall Problem is increased to make it easier to see (...)
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  15.  2
    Moving Beyond Sisyphus: Pursuing Sustainable Development in a Business-as-Usual World.Monty L. Lynn, Kim Ceulemans & Sarah Easter - 2022 - Business and Society 61 (4):924-963.
    How do actors cope when their repeated efforts to bring change seem futile? In this qualitative study, we consider sustainable development initiatives within a U.S. higher education institution where repeated efforts by actors led to nominal change. We focus on understanding how actors sought to enact sustainable development initiatives in the face of an unresponsive context, that is, in a context characterized by pressures to maintain the status quo. We show how actors’ attempts to embed sustainable development practices into the (...)
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  16.  69
    Faith at Work Scale : Justification, Development, and Validation of a Measure of Judaeo-Christian Religion in the Workplace.Monty L. Lynn, Michael J. Naughton & Steve VanderVeen - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 85 (2):227-243.
    Workplace spirituality research has side-stepped religion by focusing on the function of belief rather than its substance. Although establishing a unified foundation for research, the functional approach cannot shed light on issues of workplace pluralism, individual or institutional faith-work integration, or the institutional roles of religion in economic activity. To remedy this, we revisit definitions of spirituality and argue for the place of a belief-based approach to workplace religion. Additionally, we describe the construction of a 15-item measure of workplace religion (...)
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  17.  1
    La Chirurgie de la Cataracte. Institutions, Techniques Et Modèles Scientifiques de Brisseau À Daviel.Maria Teresa Monti - 1994 - Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 47 (1):107-128.
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  18. Monty Furth's Aristotle: 10 Years Later.Alan Code - 1999 - Philosophical Studies 94 (1-2):69-80.
  19.  1
    An Interview with Carlo Sini.Giovanni Battista Armenio & Rocco Monti - 2022 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 14 (2).
    Giovanni Battista Armenio & Rocco Monti – Who is Carlo Sini? Carlo Sini – As Giovanni Gentile would say, we die to others. Hence, I will answer this question by recalling a sentence by Charles Sanders Peirce: we cannot say who we are, who we have been, what we have done, what the meaning of our life has been. It is others who will outline our identity posthumously, as long as it will remain in personal and public memory. And after (...)
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  20.  12
    Umberto Eco and the Aesthetics of Vagueness.Rocco Monti - 2021 - European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy 13 (1).
    In this essay I will discuss the issue of vagueness when defining the concept of open work within the philosophy of Umberto Eco, particularly considering its relevance for the development of his original semiotic view. The analysis of vagueness allows us to stress the importance of Eco’s concept of open work not only in Opera Aperta but in different phases of his thought. This paper is divided into five sections. Section 1 briefly outlines the Peircean notion of vagueness, trying to (...)
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  21.  53
    Understanding Sexual Harassment a Little Better Reed and Bull Information Systems Ltd V. Stedman.Giorgio Monti - 2000 - Feminist Legal Studies 8 (3):367-377.
    This case note reviews the guidelines issued by Morison J. in the Employment Appeal Tribunal at the end of the decision in Reed and Bull Information Systems Ltd v. Stedman [1999] I.R.L.R.299. The author argues that while the judge’s decision is to be welcomed in adopting an approach more sympathetic to victims of sexual harassment, it also raises a number of problems by placing a burden on the victim to place the harasser on notice that she does not welcome his (...)
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  22.  4
    Christian Congregations and Mental Illness: A Survey of Contemporary Attitudes in Their Historical Context. [REVIEW]Monty Barker - 2008 - Transformation: An International Journal of Holistic Mission Studies 25 (1):58-59.
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  23.  46
    A Randomised Monty Hall Experiment: The Positive Effect of Conditional Frequency Feedback.Lore Saenen, Wim Van Dooren & Patrick Onghena - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (2):176-192.
    The Monty Hall dilemma is a notorious probability problem with a counterintuitive solution. There is a strong tendency to stay with the initial choice, despite the fact that switching doubles the probability of winning. The current randomised experiment investigates whether feedback in a series of trials improves behavioural performance on the MHD and increases the level of understanding of the problem. Feedback was either conditional or non-conditional, and was given either in frequency format or in percentage format. Results show (...)
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  24. Martino Rossi Monti, Patrick Singy and Albena Yaneva on Lorraine Daston and Peter Galison's Objectivity, MIT Press, 2007.Albena Yaneva - 2009 - Iris. European Journal of Philosophy and Public Debate 1 (1):277-288.
     
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  25. Reasoning in the Monty Hall Problem: Examining Choice Behaviour and Probability Judgements.Ana Franco-Watkins, Peter Derks & Michael Dougherty - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (1):67 – 90.
    This research examined choice behaviour and probability judgement in a counterintuitive reasoning problem called the Monty Hall problem (MHP). In Experiments 1 and 2 we examined whether learning from a simulated card game similar to the MHP affected how people solved the MHP. Results indicated that the experience with the card game affected participants' choice behaviour, in that participants selected to switch in the MHP. However, it did not affect their understanding of the objective probabilities. This suggests that there (...)
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  26.  47
    Monty Hall Saves Dr. Evil: On Elga’s Restricted Principle of Indifference.Alexandru Marcoci - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (1):65-76.
    In this paper I show that Elga’s argument for a restricted principle of indifference for self-locating belief relies on the kind of mistaken reasoning that recommends the ‘staying’ strategy in the Monty Hall problem.
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  27.  9
    A Modified Monty Hall Problem.Wei James Chen & Joseph Tao-yi Wang - 2020 - Theory and Decision 89 (2):151-156.
    We conduct a laboratory experiment using the Monty Hall problem to study how simplified examples improve learning behavior and correct irrational choices in probabilistic situations. In particular, we show that after experiencing a simplified version of the MHP, subjects perform better in the MHP, compared to the control group who only experienced the 3-door version. Our results suggest that simplified examples strongly induces learning.
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  28. Ungureanu, Camil and Monti, Paolo (2018). Contemporary Political Philosophy and Religion: Between Public Reason and Pluralism.Lucia Alexandra Popartan - 2021 - Enrahonar: Quaderns de Filosofía 67:275-277.
    Ungureanu, Camil and Monti, Paolo Contemporary Political Philosophy and Religion: between Public Reason and PluralismNew York: Routledge, 349 p.ISBN 9780415552196.
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  29.  43
    Explication or Explanation?Giovanni Stanghellini & Mario Rossi Monti - 2009 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 16 (3):237-239.
  30. Compte-rendu de A. Monti, ofm," L'obbligo di emettere la professione di fede. Studio teologico-guiridico del can. 833", Rome Pontif. ath. antonianum,(«Facultas Iuris canonici. Theses ad Lauream» n° 119) 1998. [REVIEW]Alphonse Borras - 2001 - Revue Théologique de Louvain 32:144-145.
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  31.  16
    Disinterested Money: Islamic Banking, Monti di Pietà, and the Possibility of Moral Finance.Scott Bader-Saye - 2013 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 33 (1):119-138.
    The current economic crisis arose in large part from financial activities in which capital was practically and logically alienated from real economy. This essay examines the exploitative logic of modern finance while considering two alternative models—microfinance and Islamic banking. These models will be considered against the backdrop of medieval arguments over usury, notably the debates between Franciscans and Dominicans surrounding the lending institutions known as monti di pietà. While noting that either model is decidedly preferable to current normative banking practices, (...)
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  32. The Visual Rhetoric of Monty Python’s Flying Circus: Fulfilling Noël Carroll’s Hopes for a Classification of Sight Gags.Giorgio Baruchello - 2022 - The Philosophy of Humor Yearbook 3 (1):93-152.
    In his 1990s studies of visual humor, Noël Carroll left to “future researchers” the laborious task of developing a “comprehensive and rigorous classification of the phenomena” pertaining to “the sight gag.” Carroll contributed five possible items belonging to such a taxonomy, i. e., “the mutual interference gag”, “mimed metaphors”, “the object analog”, “the switch image” and “the solution gag”. Following the implicit reference to rhetoric built in the very names of some of these items, this article shows how the well-established (...)
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  33.  7
    Good Points - Paolo Casalegno's Criticism of Some Analytic Philosophers.Diana Mazzarella & Carlo Monti - 2011 - Rivista Italiana di Filosofia Analitica Junior 2 (1):124-134.
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  34.  9
    Una universidad para la Democracia.Julieta Agustina Rábanos, Ezequiel H. Monti & Guillermo M. Ferraioli Karamanian - 2014 - Revista Digital Carrera y Formación Docente 2 (4):7-31.
    Esta es la versión escrita de una entrevista realizada a Eugenio Bulygin, profesor emérito de Filosofía del Derecho (UBA), con respecto a quien toda presentación podría resultar o bien imcompleta o bien superflua. -/- Nuestra intención al realizar esta entrevista fue indagar acerca de las respuestas que dieron a esos interrogantes las personas que, en ese momento, ocuparon posiciones de toma de decisión en la Facultad de Derecho de la UBA. La elección del entrevistado, Eugenio Bulygin, no podría haber sido (...)
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  35. Hubungan Antara Rasa Percaya Diri Dan Agresivitas Pada Atlet Bola Basket.Marko Santoso & Monty P. Satiadarma - 2010 - Phronesis (Misc) 7 (1).
    : One of the outcomes from low self-confidence of basketball is aggressive behavior. Helpless feeling caused by low self-confidence could turn an athlete using aggressive behavior as alternate behavior in the interaction with the opponent during a game. The level of the aggression can be seen in the injury rate in that particular sport. This research objective is to find out the relation between self-confidence and the appearance of the aggressive behavior in basketball player. It involves 64 athletes in West (...)
     
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  36. Edited volumes-le forme Della comunicazione scientifica.Massimo Galuzzi, Gianni Micheli & Maria Teresa Monti - 1999 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 21 (2):245.
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  37.  16
    Irrelevant Information, Irregularity, and the Pacing of Rehearsal in Sequential Short-Term Memory.Robert Karsh & Richard A. Monty - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (1):142.
  38.  99
    A Note on Concave Utility Functions.Martin M. Monti, Simon Grant & Daniel N. Osherson - 2005 - Mind and Society 4 (1):85-96.
    The classical theory of preference among monetary bets represents people as expected utility maximizers with concave utility functions. Critics of this account often rely on assumptions about preferences over wide ranges of total wealth. We derive a prediction of the theory that bears on bets at any fixed level of wealth, and test the prediction behaviorally. Our results are discrepant with the classical account. Competing theories are also examined in light of our data.
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  39.  46
    Against Triggering Accounts of Robust Reason-Giving.Ezequiel H. Monti - 2021 - Philosophical Studies 178 (11):3731-3753.
    By promising, requesting and commanding we can give ourselves and each other reasons for acting as promised, requested, and commanded. Call this our capacity to give reasons robustly. According to the triggering account, we give reasons robustly simply by manipulating the factual circumstances in a way that triggers pre-existing reasons. Here I claim that we ought to reject the triggering account. By focusing on David Enoch’s sophisticated articulation of it, I argue that it is overinclusive; it cannot adequately distinguish between (...)
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  40.  16
    Amount of Locus of Choice as Sources of Motivation in Paired-Associate Learning.Richard A. Monty, Marjorie A. Rosenberger & Lawrence C. Perlmuter - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (1):16.
  41.  13
    Are Cholinergic, Noradrenergic, and Serotonergic Neurons Sufficient for Understanding REM Sleep Control?Jaime M. Monti - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):413-414.
  42.  9
    Norbert Elsner;, Nicolaas A. Rupke . Albrecht von Haller im Göttingen der Aufklärung. 454 pp., illus., CD-ROM. Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2009. €24.70. [REVIEW]Maria Teresa Monti - 2011 - Isis 102 (1):164-165.
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  43.  8
    More on Contextual Effects on Learning and Memory.Richard A. Monty, Lawrence C. Perlmuter, David Libon & Teressa Bennet - 1982 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 20 (6):293-296.
  44. More in the Writings of an Eighteenth-Century Liturgist: A Note.James Monti - 1999 - Moreana 36 (2):43-44.
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  45.  17
    Le 'Réseau' de Spallanzani. Circulation de Théories, Procédures Et Spécimens.Maria Monti - 2004 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 26 (2):137-155.
    Spallanzani was in contact with a large number of European scholars, but he never succeeded in forming a group around him. We must consider a true exception his research on animal regeneration, started in 1765 and which was harshly criticised in the intellectual community. Spallanzani replied shifting his engagement from the 'laboratory' to the creation of a 'net' of supporters and led them to repeat the most daring manoeuvres. Apparently, he delegated the destruction of adverse positions, but he skilfully held (...)
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  46.  28
    La paradoja de la superfluidad del derecho y el valor epistemológico de la democracia.Ezequiel Monti - 2015 - Análisis Filosófico 35 (1):133-157.
    En este trabajo, analizo críticamente la tesis de Nino según la cual el valor epistémico de la democracia soluciona la paradoja de la superfluidad del derecho. En este sentido, examino dos cuestiones. Primero, si el valor epistémico de la democracia es una razón para creer que tenemos razones para actuar de conformidad con las leyes democráticas. Segundo, si el valor epistémico de la democracia es una razón para actuar de conformidad con las leyes democráticas independientemente de los méritos del caso (...)
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  47.  9
    Keeping Track of Sequential Events: Effects of Rate, Categories, and Trial Length.Richard A. Monty, Harvey A. Taub & Kenneth R. Laughery - 1965 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):224.
  48.  12
    Keeping Track of Sequential Events: Manipulation of the Incrementing Process.Richard A. Monty, Harry F. Wiggins & Robert Karsh - 1969 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):408.
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  49.  14
    How Do Common Investors Behave? Information Search and Portfolio Choice Among Bank Customers and University Students.Marco Monti, Riccardo Boero, Nathan Berg, Gerd Gigerenzer & Laura Martignon - 2012 - Mind and Society 11 (2):203-233.
    Bank customers are not financial experts, and yet they make high-stakes decisions that can substantively affect personal wealth. Sooner or later, every individual has to take relevant investment decisions. Using data collected from financial advisors, bank customers and university students in Italy, this paper aims to reveal new insights about the decision processes of average non-expert investors: their investment goals, the information sets they consider, and the factors that ultimately influence decisions about investment products. Using four portfolio choice tasks based (...)
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  50.  7
    Francesco Verde, Epicuro.Martino Rossi Monti - 2016 - Rhizomata 4 (2):287-292.
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