Results for 'Mona Vintil��'

332 found
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  1.  14
    Reasons, Justification, and Defeat.Mona Simion & Jessica Brown (eds.) - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    This volume is about the notion of 'defeat' in philosophy. The idea is that someone who has some knowledge, or a justified belief, can lose this knowledge or justified belief if they acquire a 'defeater' - evidence that undermines it. The contributors examine the role of defeat not just in epistemology but in practical reasoning and ethics.
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  2.  45
    Assertion: The Context Shiftiness Dilemma.Mona Simion - 2019 - Mind and Language 34 (4):503-517.
    Mind &Language, Volume 34, Issue 4, Page 503-517, September 2019.
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  3. The Neurochemistry of Music.Mona Lisa Chanda & Daniel J. Levitin - 2013 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 17 (4):179-193.
  4. Hospitality and Islam: Welcoming in God's Name.Mona Siddiqui - 2015 - Yale University Press.
    _A groundbreaking examination of a crucial concept in Islamic thought and tradition from an author noted for her work on interfaith and intercultural dialogue_ Considering its prominent role in many faith traditions, surprisingly little has been written about hospitality within the context of religion, particularly Islam. In her new book, Mona Siddiqui, a well-known media commentator, makes the first major contribution to the understanding of hospitality both within Islam and beyond. She explores and compares teachings within the various Muslim (...)
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  5.  17
    Ethical Competence in DNR Decisions –a Qualitative Study of Swedish Physicians and Nurses Working in Hematology and Oncology Care.Mona Pettersson, Mariann Hedström & Anna T. Höglund - 2018 - BMC Medical Ethics 19 (1):63.
    DNR decisions are frequently made in oncology and hematology care and physicians and nurses may face related ethical dilemmas. Ethics is considered a basic competence in health care and can be understood as a capacity to handle a task that involves an ethical dilemma in an adequate, ethically responsible manner. One model of ethical competence for healthcare staff includes three main aspects: being, doing and knowing, suggesting that ethical competence requires abilities of character, action and knowledge. Ethical competence can be (...)
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  6.  15
    Is Evidence-Based Psychiatry Ethical?Mona Gupta - 2014 - Oxford University Press.
    In this groundbreaking book, psychiatrist and ethicist Mona Gupta analyzes the basic assumptions of Evidence-based medicine (EBM), and critically examines their applicability to psychiatry. Highlighting ethical tensions between psychiatry and EBM, she asks the controversial question - should psychiatrists practice evidence-based medicine at all?
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  7. Conceptual Innovation, Function First.Mona Simion & Christoph Kelp - 2020 - Noûs 54 (4):985-1002.
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  8. Educating for Democracy: Paideia in an Age of Uncertainty.Mona Abousenna, Alexander Ageev, Alexander Chumakov, William Desmond, Ovadia Ezra, Eduard Girusov, Charles L. Glenn, Bradley Googins, Sidney Griffith, Elmer Hankiss, Vittorio Hosle, Elena Karpuhina, Steven Katz, Nur Kirabiev, Vladislav Lektorsky, Igor Lukes, Alexei Malashenko, Katherine Marshall, Alan Olson, James Post, Sheila Puffer, Kurt Salamun, John Silbur, David Steiner, Viachaslav Stepin, Bassam Tibi, Elena Trubina, Irina Tuuli, Mourad Wahba & Gregory Walters (eds.) - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The central conflicts of the world today are closely related to cultural, traditional, and religious differences between nations. As we move to a globalized world, these differences often become magnified, entrenched, and the cause of bloody conflict. Growing out of a conference of distinguished scholars from the Middle East, Europe, and the United States, this volume is a singular contribution to mutual understanding and cooperative efforts on behalf of peace. The term paideia, drawn from Greek philosophy, has to do with (...)
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  9. Graph Structure Analysis of Speech Production Among Second Language Learners of Spanish and Chinese.Mona Roxana Botezatu, Janaina Weissheimer, Marina Ribeiro, Taomei Guo, Ingrid Finger & Natalia Bezerra Mota - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Language experience shapes the gradual maturation of speech production in both native and second languages. Structural aspects like the connectedness of spontaneous narratives reveal this maturation progress in L1 acquisition and, as it does not rely on semantics, it could also reveal structural pattern changes during L2 acquisition. The current study tested whether L2 lexical retrieval associated with vocabulary knowledge could impact the global connectedness of narratives during the initial stages of L2 acquisition. Specifically, the study evaluated the relationship between (...)
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  10.  6
    The Ethics of DNR-Decisions in Oncology and Hematology Care: A Qualitative Study.Mona Pettersson, Mariann Hedström & Anna T. Höglund - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-9.
    BackgroundIn cancer care, do not resuscitate orders are common in the terminal phase of the illness, which implies that the responsible physician in advance decides that in case of a cardiac arrest neither basic nor advanced Coronary Pulmonary Rescue should be performed. Swedish regulations prescribe that DNR decisions should be made by the responsible physician, preferably in co-operation with members of the team. If possible, the patient should consent, and significant others should be informed of the decision. Previous studies have (...)
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  11.  54
    Sadness is Unique: Neural Processing of Emotions in Speech Prosody in Musicians and Non-Musicians.Mona Park, Evgeny Gutyrchik, Lorenz Welker, Petra Carl, Ernst Pã¶Ppel, Yuliya Zaytseva, Thomas Meindl, Janusch Blautzik, Maximilian Reiser & Yan Bao - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  12.  51
    Knowledge‐First Functionalism.Mona Simion - 2019 - Philosophical Issues 29 (1):254-267.
    This paper has two aims. The first is critical: I identify a set of normative desiderata for accounts of justified belief and I argue that prominent knowledge first views have difficulties meeting them. Second, I argue that my preferred account, knowledge first functionalism, is preferable to its extant competitors on normative grounds. This account takes epistemically justified belief to be belief generated by properly functioning cognitive processes that have generating knowledge as their epistemic function.
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  13. The ‘Should’ in Conceptual Engineering.Mona Simion - 2018 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 61 (8):914-928.
    ABSTRACTSeveral philosophers have inquired into the metaphysical limits of conceptual engineering: ‘Can we engineer? And if so, to what extent?’. This paper is not concerned with answering these questions. It does concern itself, however, with the limits of conceptual engineering, albeit in a largely unexplored sense: it cares about the normative, rather than about the metaphysical limits thereof. I first defend an optimistic claim: I argue that the ameliorative project has, so far, been too modest; there is little value theoretic (...)
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  14.  9
    Beyond Support: Exploring Support as Existential Phenomenon in the Context of Young People and Mental Health.Mona Sommer & Tone Saevi - 2017 - Indo-Pacific Journal of Phenomenology 17 (2):1-11.
    Support in different modes, expressions and actions is at the core of the public welfare culture. In this paper, support is examined as an everyday interpersonal phenomenon with a variety of expressions in language and ways of relating, and its essential meaning is explored. The fulcrum for reflection is the lived experience shared by a young woman with mental health problems of her respective encounters with two professionals in mental health facilities. A phenomenological analysis of the contrasting accounts suggests that, (...)
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  15.  20
    Not Too Young to Run? Age Requirements and Young People in Elected Office.Mona Lena Krook & Mary K. Nugent - 2018 - Intergenerational Justice Review 4 (2).
    Promoting youth representation in parliaments is a growing global priority. To promote youth leadership and more inclusive politics, youth organizations in Nigeria mobilized successfully for a constitutional reform to lower the eligibility age to run for political office. In this paper, we draw on global data to assess whether lower eligibility ages will in fact lead to higher levels of youth participation. We find that lower age requirements positively affect the representation of the youngest and next youngest cohorts in parliament. (...)
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  16. Norms of Belief.Mona Simion, Christoph Kelp & Harmen Ghijsen - 2016 - Philosophical Issues 26 (1):374-392.
    When in the business of offering an account of the epistemic normativity of belief, one is faced with the following dilemma: strongly externalist norms fail to account for the intuition of justification in radical deception scenarios, while milder norms are incapable to explain what is epistemically wrong with false beliefs. This paper has two main aims; we first look at one way out of the dilemma, defended by Timothy Williamson and Clayton Littlejohn, and argue that it fails. Second, we identify (...)
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  17.  79
    How to Be an Anti-Reductionist.Mona Simion & Christoph Kelp - 2020 - Synthese 197 (7):2849-2866.
    One popular view in recent years takes the source of testimonial entitlement to reside in the intrinsically social character of testimonial exchanges. This paper looks at two extant incarnations of this view, what we dub ‘weak’ and ‘modest’ social anti-reductionism, and questions the rationales behind their central claims. Furthermore, we put forth an alternative, strong social anti-reductionist account, and show how it does better than the competition on both theoretical and empirical grounds.
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  18. Assertion: Knowledge is Enough.Mona Simion - 2016 - Synthese 193 (10).
    Recent literature features an increased interest in the sufficiency claim involved in the knowledge norm of assertion. This paper looks at two prominent objections to KNA-Suff, due to Jessica Brown and Jennifer Lackey, and argues that they miss their target due to value-theoretic inaccuracies. It is argued that the intuitive need for more than knowledge in Brown’s high-stakes contexts does not come from the epistemic norm governing assertion, but from further norms stepping in and raising the bar, and Lackey’s purported (...)
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  19.  1
    Evaluating Scientific Evidence: An Interdisciplinary Framework for Intellectual Due Process.Erica Beecher-Monas - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    Scientific evidence is crucial in a burgeoning number of litigated cases, legislative enactments, regulatory decisions, and scholarly arguments. Evaluating Scientific Evidence explores the question of what counts as scientific knowledge, a question that has become a focus of heated courtroom and scholarly debate, not only in the United States, but in other common law countries such as the United Kingdom, Canada and Australia. Controversies are rife over what is permissible use of genetic information, whether chemical exposure causes disease, whether future (...)
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  20.  81
    Peculiar Strengths and Relational Attributes of SMEs in the Context of CSR.Dima Jamali, Mona Zanhour & Tamar Keshishian - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 87 (3):355-377.
    The spotlight in the CSR discourse has traditionally been focused on multinational corporations (MNCs). This paper builds on a burgeoning stream of literature that has accorded recent attention to the relevance and importance of integrating small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in the CSR debate. The paper begins by an overview of the CSR literature and a synthesis of relevant evidence pertaining to the peculiarities and special relational attributes of SMEs in the context of CSR. Noting the thin theoretical grounding in (...)
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  21. Criticism and Blame in Action and Assertion.Christoph Kelp & Mona Simion - 2017 - Journal of Philosophy 114 (2):76-93.
    In this paper, we develop a general normative framework for criticisability, blamelessness and blameworthiness in action. We then turn to the debate on norms of assertion. We show that an application of this framework enables champions of the so-called knowledge rule of assertion to offer a theoretically motivated response to a number of putative counterexamples in terms of blamelessness. Finally, we argue that, on closer inspection, the putative counterexamples serve to confirm the knowledge rule and disconfirm rival views.
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  22.  6
    Not Too Young to Run? Age Requirements and Young People in Elected Office.Mona Lena Krook & Mary K. Nugent - 2018 - Intergenerational Justice Review 4 (2).
    Promoting youth representation in parliaments is a growing global priority. To promote youth leadership and more inclusive politics, youth organizations in Nigeria mobilized successfully for a constitutional reform to lower the eligibility age to run for political office. In this paper, we draw on global data to assess whether lower eligibility ages will in fact lead to higher levels of youth participation. We find that lower age requirements positively affect the representation of the youngest and next youngest cohorts in parliament. (...)
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  23. No Epistemic Norm for Action.SImion Mona - 2018 - American Philosophical Quarterly 55 (3):231-238.
    One central debate in recent literature on epistemic normativity concerns the epistemic norm for action. This paper argues that this debate is afflicted by a category mistake: strictly speaking, there is no such thing as an epistemic norm for action. To this effect, I introduce a distinction between epistemic norms and norms with epistemic content; I argue that while it is plausible that norms of the latter type will govern action in general, epistemic norms will only govern actions characteristically associated (...)
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  24.  11
    Sharing Knowledge: A Functionalist Account of Assertion.Christoph Kelp & Mona Simion - 2021 - Cambridge University Press.
    Assertion is the central vehicle for the sharing of knowledge. Whether knowledge is shared successfully often depends on the quality of assertions: good assertions lead to successful knowledge sharing, while bad ones don't. In Sharing Knowledge, Christoph Kelp and Mona Simion investigate the relation between knowledge sharing and assertion, and develop an account of what it is to assert well. More specifically, they argue that the function of assertion is to share knowledge with others. It is this function that (...)
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  25.  8
    Mathematics is Practice or Argumentation: Mindset Priming Impacts Principle- and Procedure-Orientation of Teachers’ Explanations.Mona Weinhuber, Andreas Lachner, Timo Leuders & Matthias Nückles - 2019 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 25 (4):618-646.
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  26. An Experimental Study of Triggers and Needs of Threats in Critical Adversity Situations in a Student Sample.Mona Rynek & Thomas Ellwart - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Emergency teams facing critical adversity situations often feel questioned in their professional roles as conscientious rescuers, leading to feelings of threats as a kind of stress experience. According to the stress-as-offence-to-self theory, perceptions of insufficiency and disrespect trigger threats by frustrating underlying needs. In this study, we explored threats in the context of a CAS by investigating the activation of threat triggers during the action and postaction phases of teamwork, and evaluating the mediating role of needs. In a multitask experiment, (...)
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  27. Resistance to Evidence and the Duty to Believe.Mona Simion - forthcoming - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.
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  28.  8
    "Monas Dominans" Like "Monas Actuatrix". A Case of Unity in Plurality.Antonio Maria Nunziante - 2006 - In VIII. Internationaler Leibniz-Kongress, Einheit in der Vielheit, Hannover 24-29 July,. pp. pp. 729-736.
    What kind of relationship subsists between an "organism" and a "monas dominans"? In some texts, Leibniz claims that the soul "actuat" the organic body and in the late debate with Stahl he describes the "monas dominans" as a "monas actuatrix". But how does the monas "actualize" the organic body? And what is implied by Leibniz's use of the word "agere" to describe this? Is it also possibile to describe this event in terms of "whole/part" relationship? The aim of this paper (...)
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  29.  3
    ‘Hell You Talmbout’: Janelle Monáe’s Black Cyberfeminist Sonic Aesthetics.Meina Yates-Richard - 2021 - Feminist Review 127 (1):35-51.
    This article explores the ways in which Janelle Monáe’s audiovisual performances leverage black female flesh to trouble historically constituted imaginings of ‘the human’. Tracking Monáe’s audiovisual aesthetics across ‘Many moons’ and Dirty Computer, I interrogate acoustic and imagistic resonances that recall the repeating horrors of bondage, and which also constitute performative ‘fabulations’ whereby freedoms that are engendered specifically by and within black female flesh might be imagined. Monáe ‘enfleshes’ the cyborg to critique cyberfeminist and posthumanist theories that advocate for material (...)
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  30.  8
    Learning of a Simple Grapho-Motor Task by Young Children and Adults: Similar Acquisition but Age-Dependent Retention.Mona S. Julius & Esther Adi-Japha - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  31.  26
    The C Account of Assertion: A Negative Result.Christoph Kelp & Mona Simion - 2020 - Synthese 197 (1):125-137.
    According to what Williamson labels ‘the C account of assertion’, there is one and only one rule that is constitutive of assertion. This rule, the so-called ‘C Rule’, states that one must assert p only if p has property C. This paper argues that the C account of assertion is incompatible with any live proposal for C in the literature.
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  32.  8
    On Female Genital Cutting: Factors to Be Considered When Confronted With a Request to Re-Infibulate.Mona Saleh, Phoebe Friesen & Veronica Ades - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (4):549-555.
    According to the World Health Organization, female genital cutting affects millions of girls and women worldwide, particularly on the African continent and in the Middle East. This paper presents a plausible, albeit hypothetical, clinical vignette and then explores the legal landscape as well as the ethical landscape physicians should use to evaluate the adult patient who requests re-infibulation. The principles of non-maleficence, beneficence, justice, and autonomy are considered for guidance, and physician conscientious objection to this procedure is discussed as well. (...)
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  33.  26
    Values‐Based Practice and Bioethics: Close Friends Rather Than Distant Relatives. Commentary on 'Fulford (2011). The Value of Evidence and Evidence of Values: Bringing Together Values‐Based and Evidence‐Based Practice in Policy and Service Development in Mental Health'.Mona Gupta - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (5):992-995.
  34.  35
    Testimonial Contractarianism: A Knowledge‐First Social Epistemology.Mona Simion - forthcoming - Noûs.
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  35.  52
    Assertion: The Constitutive Norms View.Mona Simion & Christoph Kelp - 2019 - In Sanford Goldberg (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Assertion. Oxford University Press.
    Two important philosophical questions about assertion concern its nature and normativity. This article defends the optimism about the constitutive norm account of assertion and sets out a constitutivity thesis that is much more modest than that proposed by Timothy Williamson. It starts by looking at the extant objections to Williamson’s Knowledge Account of Assertion and argues that they fail to hit their target in virtue of imposing implausible conditions on engaging in norm-constituted activities. Second, it makes a similar proposal and (...)
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  36.  38
    The Explanation Proffering Norm of Moral Assertion.Mona Simion - 2018 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 21 (3):477-488.
    In recent years, much attention has been given to the epistemic credentials of belief based on moral testimony. Some people think pure moral deference is wrong, others disagree. It comes as a surprise, however, that while the epistemic responsibilities of the receiver of moral testimony have been closely scrutinized, little to no discussion has focused on the epistemic duties of the speaker. This paper aims to supply this lack: it defends a function-first account of the normativity of moral assertion. According (...)
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  37. Book Review: Entertaining Angels: Early Christian Hospitality In Its Mediterranean SettingEntertaining Angels: Early Christian Hospitality In Its Mediterranean SettingbyArterburyAndrew E. New Testament Monographs. Sheffield Phoenix, Sheffield, 2005. 227 Pp. $90.00 . ISBN 978-1-905048-21-2. [REVIEW]Mona Tokarek Lafosse - 2008 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 62 (1):102-103.
  38. TIMP ŞI SPAŢIU ÎN GÂNDIREA ROMÂNEASCĂ.Mona Mamulea (ed.) - 2013 - EDITURA ACADEMIEI ROMÂNE.
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  39.  49
    Saying and Believing: The Norm Commonality Assumption.Mona Simion - 2018 - Philosophical Studies:1-16.
    One very popular assumption in the epistemological literature is that belief and assertion are governed by one and the same epistemic norm. This paper challenges this claim. Extant arguments in defence of the view are scrutinized and found to rest on value-theoretic inaccuracies. First, the belief-assertion parallel is shown to lack the needed normative strength. Second, I argue that the claim that assertion inherits the norm of belief in virtue of being an expression thereof rests on a failed instance of (...)
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  40.  28
    Critical Thinking in Clinical Medicine: What is It?Mona Gupta & Ross Upshur - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):938-944.
  41. The Moral Epistemology of Trust and Trustworthiness.Emma C. Gordon & Mona Simion - forthcoming - Philosophical Psychology.
  42.  1
    Portrett Av Arbeiderlederen Som sosialistHarald Berntsen, Marcus Thrane – En Foranskutt Sosialdemokrat. Et Portrett I Politisk Idéhistorie.Rånåsfoss: Svein Sandnes Bokforlag 2021. [REVIEW]Mona Ringvej - 2022 - Agora 40 (1):341-347.
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  43.  70
    Hermeneutical Injustice as Basing Failure.Mona Simion - forthcoming - In Joseph Adam Carter & Patrick Bondy (eds.), Well Founded Belief: New Essays on the Epistemic Basing Relation. Routledge.
    This paper defends a novel view of hermeneutical epistemic injustice. To this effect, it starts by arguing that Miranda Fricker’s account is too restrictive: hermeneutical epistemic injustice is more ubiquitous than her account allows. That is because, contra Fricker, conceptual ignorance is not necessary for HEI: hermeneutical epistemic injustice essentially involves a failure in concept application rather than in concept possession. Further on, I unpack hermeneutical epistemic injustice as unjustly brought about basing failure. Last, I show that, if this view (...)
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  44.  2
    Coming Out and the Bible.Mona West - 2020 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 74 (3):265-274.
    Mona West shares her journey with the Bible as a feminist and a lesbian to articulate an approach to reading the Bible that claims it as a text to be trusted by queer people of faith. Drawing parallels with the ancient practice of lectio divina, she develops a method for praying the Scriptures using the process of coming out.
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  45.  2
    Neuroliberalism in Action: The Finnish Experiment with Basic Income.Mona Mannevuo - 2019 - Theory, Culture and Society 36 (4):27-47.
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  46. Innforlivet Kunstmusikkforståelse.Mona D. Gjessing - 2004 - Agora 22 (4):242-244.
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  47.  10
    Disagreement and Epistemic Improvement.Mona Simion & Fernando Broncano-Berrocal - 2021 - Synthese 199 (5-6):14641-14665.
    This paper proposes a methodological turn for the epistemology of disagreement, away from focusing on highly idealized cases of peer disagreement and towards an increased focus on disagreement simpliciter. We propose and develop a normative framework for evaluating all cases of disagreement as to whether something is the case independently of their composition—i.e., independently of whether they are between peers or not. The upshot will be a norm of disagreement on which what one should do when faced with a disagreeing (...)
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  48.  86
    Epistemic Norms, Closure, and No-Belief Hinge Epistemology.Mona Ioana Simion, Johanna Schnurr & Emma C. Gordon - 2021 - Synthese 198 (15):3553-3564.
    Recent views in hinge epistemology rely on doxastic normativism to argue that our attitudes towards hinge propositions are not beliefs. This paper has two aims; the first is positive: it discusses the general normative credentials of this move. The second is negative: it delivers two negative results for No-Belief hinge epistemology such construed. The first concerns the motivation for the view: if we’re right, doxastic normativism offers little in the way of theoretical support for the claim that our attitudes towards (...)
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  49.  14
    The Mona Lisa - A Prototype for Multidisciplinary Science Education.Kishore Dutta - 2021 - Science & Education 30 (3):693-716.
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  50.  31
    Diagnostic Reasoning in Psychiatry: Acknowledging an Explicit Role for Intersubjective Knowing.Mona Gupta, Nancy Potter & Simon Goyer - 2019 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 26 (1):49-64.
    In most areas of medicine, the physician's primary task is to diagnose the patient's presenting problem by correctly identifying the underlying pathology causing that problem. Diagnoses are established through a process of correlating the information obtained from an interview with the patient about his history of illness and circumstances, with additional evidence of the underlying disease derived from physical examination findings and/or the results of laboratory investigations and diagnostic imaging. In contemporary health care, various movements that call for a shift (...)
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