Results for 'Mohammad Hossein Jarrahi'

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  1.  10
    Algorithmic Management in a Work Context.Will Sutherland, Eliscia Kinder, Christine T. Wolf, Min Kyung Lee, Gemma Newlands & Mohammad Hossein Jarrahi - 2021 - Big Data and Society 8 (2).
    The rapid development of machine-learning algorithms, which underpin contemporary artificial intelligence systems, has created new opportunities for the automation of work processes and management functions. While algorithmic management has been observed primarily within the platform-mediated gig economy, its transformative reach and consequences are also spreading to more standard work settings. Exploring algorithmic management as a sociotechnical concept, which reflects both technological infrastructures and organizational choices, we discuss how algorithmic management may influence existing power and social structures within organizations. We identify (...)
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  2.  3
    Iran’s Nuclear Fatwa: Analysis of a Debate.Mohammad Hossein Sabouri - 2016 - Journal of Military Ethics 15 (3):227-245.
    For more than a decade, Iran has been referring to a fatwa issued by its Supreme Leader, Ali Khamenei, proscribing nuclear weapons. The fatwa, however, not only failed to influence the process that led to the resolution of Iran’s nuclear crisis, but also has been met with a good deal of skepticism. The most commonly held suspicions about the credibility of the fatwa can be summed up in five central questions: Has the nuclear fatwa actually been issued? Does the fatwa (...)
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  3.  11
    What We May Say to Hare in The Light of Kantian Ethics?Seyed Mohammad Hossein Mir-Mohammadi - 2012 - Sententiae 27 (2):60-66.
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  4. A Bayesian View on the Dr. Evil Scenario.Feraz Azhar, Alan H. Guth & Mohammad Hossein Namjoo - forthcoming - Erkenntnis:1-12.
    In Defeating Dr. Evil with Self-Locating Belief, Adam Elga proposes and defends a principle of indifference for self-locating beliefs: if an individual is confident that his world contains more than one individual who is in a state subjectively indistinguishable from his own, then he should assign equal credences to the hypotheses that he is any one of these individuals. Through a sequence of thought experiments, Elga in effect claims that he can derive the credence function that should apply in such (...)
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  5.  2
    Koshti/Wrestling: A Victory Key for Heroes in Shahnameh.Hamid Reza Safari Jafarlou, Azim Jabareh Naserou & Mohammad Hossein Ghorbani - 2020 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 15 (4):522-545.
    Shāhnāmeh, Book of Kings, is one of the greatest epics in the world, beautifully put into verse by Abolqāsem Ferdowsi. It is the great Persian epic which makes the Persian language proud. One of th...
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  6.  6
    Koshti/Wrestling: A Victory Key for Heroes in Shahnameh.Hamid Reza Safari Jafarloo, Azim Jabareh Naserou & Mohammad Hossein Ghorbani - forthcoming - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy:1-24.
    Shāhnāmeh, Book of Kings, is one of the greatest epics in the world, beautifully put into verse by Abolqāsem Ferdowsi. It is the great Persian epic which makes the Persian language proud. One of th...
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  7.  2
    The Problem of Calculation in Utilitarianism: Censure of J.J.J.C.Smart.Sahar Kavandi, Mohsen Jahed & Mohammad Hossein Arshadi Bidgoli - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Investigations at University of Tabriz 8 (14):195-216.
    Ethics is divided into three realms: Meta-ethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics. Utilitarianism is one of the most significant views in normative ethics, which acts as a true criterion to judge on human deeds in terms of loss and benefits of their consequences. In other words, utilitarianism judges on the amount of happiness for all the ones who have been influenced by that act. Utilitarianism itself is divided into two groups: act-utilitarianism, and rule-utilitarianism. The former concentrates on the amount of (...)
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  8.  2
    The Challenges of Ethical Behaviors for Drug Supply in Pharmacies in Iran by a Principle-Based Approach.Mahla Iranmanesh, Vahid Yazdi-Feyzabadi & Mohammad Hossein Mehrolhassani - 2020 - BMC Medical Ethics 21 (1):1-15.
    BackgroundPharmacists as the trustee of pharmacy services must adhere to ethical principles and evaluate their professionalism. Pharmacists may sometimes show different unethical behaviors in their interactions, so it is essential to understand these behaviors. The present study aimed to determine the challenges of ethical behaviors based on a principles-based approach in the area of drug supply in pharmacies.MethodsThis qualitative content analysis was conducted in Kerman in 2018. A number of key players in the field of medication supply were selected using (...)
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  9.  2
    Dynamic Functional Connectivity Predicts Treatment Response to Electroconvulsive Therapy in Major Depressive Disorder.Hossein Dini, Mohammad S. E. Sendi, Jing Sui, Zening Fu, Randall Espinoza, Katherine L. Narr, Shile Qi, Christopher C. Abbott, Sanne J. H. van Rooij, Patricio Riva-Posse, Luis Emilio Bruni, Helen S. Mayberg & Vince D. Calhoun - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Background: Electroconvulsive therapy is one of the most effective treatments for major depressive disorder. Recently, there has been increasing attention to evaluate the effect of ECT on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. This study aims to compare rs-fMRI of depressive disorder patients with healthy participants, investigate whether pre-ECT dynamic functional network connectivity network estimated from patients rs-fMRI is associated with an eventual ECT outcome, and explore the effect of ECT on brain network states.Method: Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging data were (...)
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  10.  28
    Al-Shīrāzī and the Empirical Origin of Ptolemy's Equant in His Model of the Superior Planets.Amir Mohammad Gamini & Hossein Masoumi Hamedani - 2013 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 23 (1):47-67.
    Ptolemy presents only one argument for the eccentricity in his models of the superior planets, while each one of them has two eccentricities: one for center of the uniform motion, the other for the center of the constant distance. To take into account the first eccentricity, he introduces the equant point, but he provides no argument for the eccentricity of the center of the deferent. Why is the second eccentricity different from the first one? The 13 th century astronomer Quṭb (...)
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  11. Avicenna’s Theory of God’s Knowledge of Particulars; Investigating Marmura’s Interpretation.Amirhossein Zadyousefi, Mohammad Saeedimehr & Hossein Zamaniha - 2018 - پژوهشنامه فلسفه دین 16 (1):127-150.
    Michael E. Marmura, an outstanding Avicenna scholar, has presented a special interpretation of Avicenna’s view concerning God’s knowledge of particulars. In this paper, which consists of two parts, we will examine his interpretation of Avicenna. In the first part, we briefly present Marmura’s reading of Avicenna’s theory of God’s knowledge of particulars. According to Marmura’s interpretation of Avicenna, God only knows, individually, particular entities which are the only member of their species. Also, He knows, individually, particular events which are attributed (...)
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  12. Sayyid Muhammad Husayn tabatab'I, Kernel of the Kernel: Concerning the Wayfaring and Spiritual Journey of the People of Intellect, a shi'I Approach to Sufism, Compiled, Edited and Expanded by Sayyid Muhammad Husayn Husayni Tihrani, Translated by Mohammad H. Faghfoory, Foreword by Seyyed.Hossein Nasr - 2004 - Sophia 43 (2):146.
     
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  13. The Philosophy of Seyyed Hossein Nasr.Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Randall E. Auxier & Lucian W. Stone (eds.) - 2001 - Open Court.
     
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  14. Counter-Revolution and Revolt in Iran: An Interview with Iranian Political Scientist Hossein Bashiriyeh.Hossein Bashiriyeh - 2010 - Constellations 17 (1):61-77.
  15.  24
    A Bio-Bibliography for Biruni: Abu Raihan Mohammad Ibn Ahmad.Mohammad Kamiar - 2006 - Scarecrow Press.
    Divided into five parts, the book provides general background information on Biruni's time, his world, and his life. It includes the full names of the 183 books written by Biruni. The titles of these books are given in Arabic, Persian, transliteration of the Arabic title, and English, and they are all annotated and if available the number of folios is given for each one. A list of available references in English on Biruni, including articles, bibliographies, books, internet sites, a dissertation, (...)
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  16. Mullā Sadrā: His Teachings.–Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Oliver Leaman.Seyyed Hossein Nasr - 1996 - In Seyyed Hossein Nasr & Oliver Leaman (eds.), History of Islamic Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 643-662.
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  17.  38
    Shiʻism and Sufism: Their Relationship in Essence and in History: Seyyed Hossein Nasr.Seyyed Hossein Nasr - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (3):229-242.
    In discussing the intricate and somewhat complex relationship between Shiʻism and Sufism, both in principle and essence or in their metahistorical reality as well as in time and history, we need hardly concern ourselves with the too often repeated criticism made by certain orientalists who would doubt the Islamic and Quranic character of both Shiʻism and Sufism. Basing themselves on an a priori assumption that Islam is not a revelation and, even if a religion, is only a simple ‘religion of (...)
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  18.  57
    Patients' Perception of Dignity in Iranian Healthcare Settings: A Qualitative Content Analysis: Table 1.Hossein Ebrahimi, Camellia Torabizadeh, Eesa Mohammadi & Sousan Valizadeh - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (12):723-728.
    Next SectionPurpose The importance of recognising patient dignity has been realised in recent years. Despite being a central phenomenon in medicine, dignity is a controversial concept, the definition of which in healthcare centres is influenced by a multitude of factors. The aim of this study was to explore the perspective of Iranian patients on respect for their dignity in healthcare centres. Methods With the use of purposeful sampling, 20 patients were interviewed over an 11-month period in three educational hospitals affiliated (...)
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  19. Davidson’s Wittgenstein.Ali Hossein Khani - 2020 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 8 (5):1-26.
    Although the later Wittgenstein appears as one of the most influential figures in Davidson’s later works on meaning, it is not, for the most part, clear how Davidson interprets and employs Wittgenstein’s ideas. In this paper, I will argue that Davidson’s later works on meaning can be seen as mainly a manifestation of his attempt to accommodate the later Wittgenstein’s basic ideas about meaning and understanding, especially the requirement of drawing the seems right/is right distinction and the way this requirement (...)
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  20.  36
    Seyyed Hossein Nasr and Ziauddin Sardar on Islam and Science: Marginalization or Modernization of a Religious Tradition.Leif Stenberg - 1996 - Social Epistemology 10 (3 & 4):273 – 287.
  21.  37
    Quine on the Indeterminacy of Translation: A Dilemma for Davidson.Ali Hossein Khani - 2018 - Dialectica 72 (1):101-120.
    Davidson has always been explicit in his faithful adherence to the main doctrines of Quine’s philosophy of language, among which the indeterminacy of translation thesis is significant. For Quine, the indeterminacy of translation has considerable ontological consequences, construed as leading to a sceptical conclusion regarding the existence of fine-grained meaning facts. Davidson’s suggested reading of Quine’s indeterminacy arguments seems to be intended to block any such sceptical consequences. According to this reading, Quine’s arguments at most yield the conclusion that there (...)
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  22.  48
    Donald Davidson’s Triangulation Argument: A Philosophical Inquiry. [REVIEW]Ali Hossein Khani - 2018 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 26 (1):113-117.
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  23.  61
    Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure: Evidence From the US Banking Sector. [REVIEW]Mohammad Issam Jizi, Aly Salama, Robert Dixon & Rebecca Stratling - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 125 (4):1-15.
    There is a distinct lack of research into the relationship between corporate governance and corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the banking sector. This paper fills the gap in the literature by examining the impact of corporate governance, with particular reference to the role of board of directors, on the quality of CSR disclosure in US listed banks’ annual reports after the US sub-prime mortgage crisis. Using a sample of large US commercial banks for the period 2009–2011 and controlling for audit (...)
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  24. "Seyyed Hossein Nasr", Three Muslim Sages. [REVIEW]Vernon J. Bourke - 1965 - Dialogue 4 (1):113.
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  25.  5
    A Groszek‐Laver Pair of Undistinguishable ‐Classes.Mohammad Golshani, Vladimir Kanovei & Vassily Lyubetsky - 2017 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 63 (1-2):19-31.
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  26.  18
    Talking About ‘Fairness’ in Football and Politics: The Case of Navad.Hossein Dabbagh & Andrew Edgar - 2020 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 14 (3):401-414.
    We argue that sport in general, and association football in particular, are activities that invite spectators and players alike to talk about them. Using a Wittgensteinian approach, we argued more...
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  27.  12
    An Analysis of Motahhari and Brümmer’s Response to the Issue of God’s Mediation and Benevolence.Um Hani Jarrahi & Reza Akbari - 2019 - Journal of Philosophical Theological Research 20 (78):6-22.
    The teaching of mediation in Islamic tradition refers to a person requesting forgiveness of another and in the Christian tradition apart from forgiveness includes the bestowal of goodness to another as well. Motahhari and Brümmer consider the acceptance of mediation to be faced with the problem of superiority of the mediator’s mercy as compared to God’s mercy and the limitedness of God’s benevolence. Motahhari believes the answer to this problem to be in the attention to the hierarchy in the world’s (...)
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  28.  39
    Augmented Reality, Artificial Intelligence, and the Re‐Enchantment of the World.Mohammad Yaqub Chaudhary - 2019 - Zygon 54 (2):454-478.
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  29.  71
    The Informative and Persuasive Functions of Advertising: A Moral Appraisal — a Comment.Hossein Emamalizadeh - 1985 - Journal of Business Ethics 4 (2):151 - 153.
    This paper argues that the informative and persuasive dichotomy of advertising is an empty concept. All advertising messages perform only one function and that function is to persuade. It is pointed out that in a moral appraisal of an advertising message, a distinction between rational and irrational persuasion can be made. Rational persuasion is consistent with the autonomy of the consumer and hence moral. Some forms of irrational persuasion may have an adverse effect on consumer autonomy and, therefore, should be (...)
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  30.  12
    Psychometric Evaluation of the Moral Distress Scale–Revised Among Iranian Nurses.Mohammad Ali Soleimani, Saeed Pahlevan Sharif, Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh & Bianca Panarello - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (4):1226-1242.
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  31.  28
    Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Caner K. Dagli, Maria Massi Dakake, Joseph E. B. Lumbard, and Mohammed Rustom, Eds., The Study Quran: A New Translation and Commentary. New York: HarperOne, 2015. Pp. Lix, 1988; 11 Maps. $59.99. ISBN: 978-0-06-112586-7. [REVIEW]Andreas Görke - 2018 - Speculum 93 (1):250-251.
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  32.  26
    A Review of the Literature on Ethical Issues Related to Scientific Authorship.Mohammad Hosseini & Bert Gordijn - 2020 - Accountability in Research 27 (5).
    The article at hand presents the results of a literature review on the ethical issues related to scientific authorship. These issues are understood as questions and/or concerns about obligations, values or virtues in relation to reporting, authorship and publication of research results. For this purpose, the Web of Science core collection was searched for English resources published between 1945 and 2018, and a total of 324 items were analyzed. Based on the review of the documents, ten ethical themes have been (...)
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  33. An Ethical Exploration of Increased Average Number of Authors Per Publication.Mohammad Hosseini, Jonathan Lewis, Hub Zwart & Bert Gordijn - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (3):1-24.
    This article explores the impact of an Increase in the average Number of Authors per Publication on known ethical issues of authorship. For this purpose, the ten most common ethical issues associated with scholarly authorship are used to set up a taxonomy of existing issues and raise awareness among the community to take precautionary measures and adopt best practices to minimize the negative impact of INAP. We confirm that intense international, interdisciplinary and complex collaborations are necessary, and INAP is an (...)
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  34.  3
    Reason Unbound: On Spiritual Practice in Islamic Peripatetic Philosophy.Mohammad Azadpur - 2011 - New York, USA: SUNY Press.
    This intriguing work offers a new perspective on Islamic Peripatetic philosophy, critiquing modern receptions of such thought and highlighting the contribution it can make to contemporary Western philosophy. Mohammad Azadpur focuses on the thought of Alfarabi and Avicenna, who, like ancient Greek philosophers and some of their successors, viewed philosophy as a series of spiritual exercises. However, Muslim Peripatetics differed from their Greek counterparts in assigning importance to prophecy. The Islamic philosophical account of the cultivation of the soul to (...)
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  35.  63
    The Root of the Third Dogma of Empiricism: Davidson vs. Quine on Factualism.Ali Hossein Khani - forthcoming - Acta Analytica:1-23.
    Davidson has famously argued that conceptual relativism, which, for him, is based on the content-scheme dualism, or the “third dogma” of empiricism, is either unintelligible or philosophically uninteresting and has accused Quine of holding onto such a dogma. For Davidson, there can be found no intelligible ground for the claim that there may exist untranslatable languages: all languages, if they are languages, are in principle inter-translatable and uttered sentences, if identifiable as utterances, are interpretable. Davidson has also endorsed the Quinean (...)
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  36.  10
    The Tree Property at Double Successors of Singular Cardinals of Uncountable Cofinality.Mohammad Golshani & Rahman Mohammadpour - 2018 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 169 (2):164-175.
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  37. Does Selection-Socialization Help to Explain Accountants' Weak Ethical Reasoning?Mohammad J. Abdolmohammadi, William J. Read & D. Paul Scarbrough - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):71-81.
    Recent business headlines, particularly those related to the collapsed energy-trading giant, Enron and its auditor, Arthur Andersen raise concerns about accountants' ethical reasoning. We propose, and provide evidence from 90 new auditors from Big-Five accounting firms, that a selection-socialization effect exists in the accounting profession that results in hiring accountants with disproportionately higher levels of the Sensing/Thinking cognitive style. This finding is important and relevant because we also find that the ST cognitive style is associated with relatively low levels of (...)
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  38.  30
    Suggestions to Improve the Comprehensibility of Current Definitions of Scientific Authorship for International Authors.Mohammad Hosseini, Luca Consoli, H. A. E. Zwart & Mariette A. Van den Hoven - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (2):597-617.
    Much has been said about the need for improving the current definitions of scientific authorship, but an aspect that is often overlooked is how to formulate and communicate these definitions to ensure that they are comprehensible and useful for researchers, notably researchers active in international research consortia. In light of a rapid increase in international collaborations within natural sciences, this article uses authorship of this branch of sciences as an example and provides suggestions to improve the comprehensibility of the definitions (...)
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  39.  1
    Ethical Issues in Social Science Research Employing Big Data.Mohammad Hosseini, Michał Wieczorek & Bert Gordijn - 2022 - Science and Engineering Ethics 28 (3):1-21.
    This paper analyzes the ethics of social science research employing big data. We begin by highlighting the research gap found on the intersection between big data ethics, SSR and research ethics. We then discuss three aspects of big data SSR which make it warrant special attention from a research ethics angle: the interpretative character of both SSR and big data, complexities of anticipating and managing risks in publication and reuse of big data SSR, and the paucity of regulatory oversight and (...)
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  40.  50
    Ontological Solutions to the Problem of Induction.Mohammad Mahdi Hatef - 2022 - Logos and Episteme 13 (1):65-74.
    The idea of the uniformity of nature, as a solution to the problem of induction, has at least two contemporary versions: natural kinds and natural necessity. Then there are at least three alternative ontological ideas addressing the problem of induction. In this paper, I articulate how these ideas are used to justify the practice of inductive inference, and compare them, in terms of their applicability, to see whether each of them is preferred in addressing the problem of induction. Given the (...)
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  41. The Norms of Authorship Credit: Challenging the Definition of Authorship in the European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity.Mohammad Hosseini & Jonathan Lewis - 2020 - Accountability in Research 27 (2):80-98.
    The practice of assigning authorship for a scientific publication tends to raise two normative questions: 1) ‘who should be credited as an author?’; 2) ‘who should not be credited as an author but should still be acknowledged?’. With the publication of the revised version of The European Code of Conduct for Research Integrity (ECCRI), standard answers to these questions have been called into question. This article examines the ways in which the ECCRI approaches these two questions and compares these approaches (...)
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  42.  15
    Fractional Modeling and Control of a Complex Nonlinear Energy Supply-Demand System.Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa - 2015 - Complexity 20 (6):74-86.
  43.  8
    Ethical Conflict Among Nurses Working in the Intensive Care Units.Amir-Hossein Pishgooie, Maasoumeh Barkhordari-Sharifabad, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh & Anna Falcó-Pegueroles - forthcoming - Nursing Ethics:096973301879668.
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  44.  39
    Chaotic Fractional-Order Model for Muscular Blood Vessel and its Control Via Fractional Control Scheme.Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa & Mehdi Borjkhani - 2014 - Complexity 20 (2):37-46.
  45.  27
    Seyyed Hossein Nasr. The Encounter of Man and Nature. The Spiritual Crisis of Modern Man. Pp. 152. 30s. [REVIEW]E. L. Mascall - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (1):103.
  46. The Seeming Account of Self-Evidence: An Alternative to Audian Account.Hossein Dabbagh - 2018 - Logos and Episteme 9 (3):261-284.
    In this paper, I argue against the epistemology of some contemporary moral intuitionists who believe that the notion of self-evidence is more important than that of intuition. Quite the contrary, I think the notion of intuition is more basic if intuitions are construed as intellectual seemings. First, I will start with elaborating Robert Audi’s account of self-evidence. Next, I criticise his account on the basis of the idea of “adequate understanding”. I shall then present my alternative account of self-evidence which (...)
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  47.  51
    Sinnott‐Armstrong Meets Modest Epistemological Intuitionism.Hossein Dabbagh - 2017 - Philosophical Forum 48 (2):175-199.
    Sinnott-Armstrong has attacked the epistemology of moral intuitionism on the grounds that it is not justified to have some moral beliefs without needing them to be inferred from other beliefs. He believes that our moral judgments are inferentially justified because the “framing effects” which are mostly discussed in the empirical psychology cast doubt on any non-inferential justification. In this paper, I argue that Sinnott-Armstrong’s argument is question begging against intuitionists and his description of epistemological intuitionism is a diluted version that (...)
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  48.  13
    Adaptive Control of Nonlinear Complex Holling II Predator-Prey System with Unknown Parameters.Mohammad Pourmahmood Aghababa - 2016 - Complexity 21 (6):260-266.
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  49.  32
    Suggestions to Improve the Comprehensibility of Current Definitions of Scientific Authorship for International Authors.Mohammad Hosseini, Luca Consoli, H. A. E. Zwart & Mariette A. Van den Hoven - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics:1-21.
    Much has been said about the need for improving the current definitions of scientific authorship, but an aspect that is often overlooked is how to formulate and communicate these definitions to ensure that they are comprehensible and useful for researchers, notably researchers active in international research consortia. In light of a rapid increase in international collaborations within natural sciences, this article uses authorship of this branch of sciences as an example and provides suggestions to improve the comprehensibility of the definitions (...)
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  50.  76
    An Argument in Defense of Voluntary Euthanasia.Hossein Atrak - 2019 - Philosophical Investigations 13 (28):221-234.
    One of the most challenging issues in medical ethics is a permission or prohibition of euthanasia. Is a patient with an incurable disease who has lots of pain permitted to kill oneself or ask others to do that? The main reason advanced by the opponents is the absolute prohibition of murder. Accordingly, the meaning of murder plays a key role in determining the moral judgment of euthanasia. The aim of this paper is to confirm the role of intention in moral (...)
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