Results for 'Mike Prentice'

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  1.  24
    Motivation for aggressive religious radicalization: goal regulation theory and a personality × threat × affordance hypothesis.Ian McGregor, Joseph Hayes & Mike Prentice - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  2.  16
    Strangers in a Strange Land: Relations Between Perceptions of Others' Values and Both Civic Engagement and Cultural Estrangement.Rebecca Sanderson, Mike Prentice, Lukas Wolf, Netta Weinstein, Tim Kasser & Tom Crompton - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  3.  7
    Albert Schweitzer's Reverence for Life: Ethical Idealism and Self-Realization.Mike W. Martin - 2007 - Routledge.
    In this book, Mike W. Martin interprets Schweitzer's 'reverence for life' as an umbrella virtue, drawing together the specific virtues--authenticity, love, compassion, gratitude, justice and peace loving--in individual chapters. Martin's treatment of his subject is sympathetic yet critical, and for the first time clearly places Schweitzer's environmental ethics within the wider framework of his ethical theory.
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  4.  12
    Ethics as Therapy.Mike W. Martin - 2001 - International Journal of Philosophical Practice 1 (1):1-24.
    From the inception of philosophical counseling an attempt was made to distinguish it from (psychological) therapy by insisting that therapy could not be more misleading. It is true that philosophical counselors should not pretend to be able to heal major mental illness; nevertheless they do contribute to positive health—health understood as something more than the absence of mental disease. This thesis is developed by critiquing Lou Marinoff’s book, Plato not Prozac!, but also by ranging more widely in the literature on (...)
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  5.  54
    Compassion with Justice: Harari’s Assault on Human Rights.Mike W. Martin - 2020 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 58 (2):264-278.
    Yuval Noah Harari contends that human rights are an outdated myth. He calls for replacing them with a new global ethic to meet crises as varied as environmental destruction, disruptive technologies, and extreme gaps between rich and poor. Toward that end, he outlines an ethics that exalts compassion and elides justice, an ethics that animates his trilogy: Sapiens, Homo Deus, and 21 Lessons for the 21st Century. I draw together the key elements in his personal ethics, tracing them to a (...)
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  6.  15
    The Burden of Proof and Its Role in Argumentation.Ulrike Hahn & Mike Oaksford - 2007 - Argumentation 21 (1):39-61.
    The notion of “the burden of proof” plays an important role in real-world argumentation contexts, in particular in law. It has also been given a central role in normative accounts of argumentation, and has been used to explain a range of classic argumentation fallacies. We argue that in law the goal is to make practical decisions whereas in critical discussion the goal is frequently simply to increase or decrease degree of belief in a proposition. In the latter case, it is (...)
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  7.  45
    The Next Generation Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration: History, Philosophy, and Culture.Peter Galison, Juliusz Doboszewski, Jamee Elder, Niels C. M. Martens, Abhay Ashtekar, Jonas Enander, Marie Gueguen, Elizabeth A. Kessler, Roberto Lalli, Martin Lesourd, Alexandru Marcoci, Sebastián Murgueitio Ramírez, Priyamvada Natarajan, James Nguyen, Luis Reyes-Galindo, Sophie Ritson, Mike D. Schneider, Emilie Skulberg, Helene Sorgner, Matthew Stanley, Ann C. Thresher, Jeroen Van Dongen, James Owen Weatherall, Jingyi Wu & Adrian Wüthrich - 2023 - Galaxies 11 (1):32.
    This white paper outlines the plans of the History Philosophy Culture Working Group of the Next Generation Event Horizon Telescope Collaboration.
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  8.  4
    From Pixels to People: A Model of Familiar Face Recognition.A. Mike Burton, Vicki Bruce & P. J. B. Hancock - 1999 - Cognitive Science 23 (1):1-31.
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  9.  9
    Cognitive-Behavior Interventions for Self-Defeating Thoughts: Helping Clients to Overcome the Tyranny of "I Can’t". [REVIEW]Mike W. Martin - 2021 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (1):127-132.
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  10.  6
    Deontic Reasoning With Emotional Content: Evolutionary Psychology or Decision Theory?Nick Perham & Mike Oaksford - 2005 - Cognitive Science 29 (5):681-718.
    Three experiments investigated the contrasting predictions of the evolutionary and decision-theoretic approaches to deontic reasoning. Two experiments embedded a hazard management (HM) rule in a social contract scenario that should lead to competition between innate modules. A 3rd experiment used a pure HM task. Threatening material was also introduced into the antecedent, p, of a deontic rule, if p then must q. According to the evolutionary approach, more HM responses (Cosmides & Tooby, 2000) are predicted when p is threatening, whereas (...)
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  11.  5
    Classification theory for abelian groups with an endomorphism.Annalisa Marcja, Mike Prest & Carlo Toffalori - 1991 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 31 (2):95-104.
  12.  5
    Jumps of Hemimaximal Sets.Rod Downey & Mike Stob - 1991 - Mathematical Logic Quarterly 37 (8):113-120.
  13.  15
    Philosophy on steroids: A reply.Oskar MacGregor & Mike McNamee - 2010 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 31 (6):401-410.
    Brent Kious has recently attacked several arguments generally adduced to support anti-doping in sports, which are widely supported by the sports medicine fraternity, international sports federations, and international governments. We show that his attack does not succeed for a variety of reasons. First, it uses an overly inclusive definition of doping at odds with the WADA definition, which has global, if somewhat contentious, currency. Second, it seriously misconstrues the position it attacks, rendering the attack without force against a more balanced (...)
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  14.  7
    Why Sports Medicine is not Medicine.Steven D. Edwards & Mike McNamee - 2006 - Health Care Analysis 14 (2):103-109.
    Sports Medicine as an apparent sub-class of medicine has developed apace over the past 30 years. Its recent trajectory has been evidenced by the emergence of specialist international research journals, standard texts, annual conferences, academic appointments and postgraduate courses. Although this field of enquiry and practice lays claim to the title ‘sports medicine’ this paper queries the legitimacy of that claim. Depending upon how ‘sports medicine’ and ‘medicine’ are defined, a plausible-sounding case can be made to show that sports medicine (...)
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  15.  8
    The Role of Color in Human Face Detection.Markus Bindemann & A. Mike Burton - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (6):1144-1156.
    Significant advances have been made in understanding human face recognition. However, a fundamental aspect of this process, how faces are located in our visual environment, is poorly understood and little studied. Here we examine the role of color in human face detection. We demonstrate that detection performance declines when color information is removed from faces, regardless of whether the surrounding scene context is rendered in color. Furthermore, faces rendered in unnatural colors are hard to detect, suggesting a role beyond simple (...)
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  16.  4
    Animal network phenomena: Insights from triadic games.Mike Mesterton-Gibbons & Tom N. Sherratt - 2009 - Complexity 14 (4):44-50.
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  17.  10
    Hollywood Spaces, on Deborah Thomas Reading Hollywood: Spaces and Meanings in American Film.Mike Chopra-Gant - 2003 - Film-Philosophy 7 (1).
    Deborah Thomas _Reading Hollywood: Spaces and Meanings in American Film_ London: Wallflower Press, 2001 ISBN 1-903364-01-9 144 pp.
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  18.  12
    Theorizing the Couple, on Martha P. Nochimson's Screen Couple Chemistry: The Power of 2.Mike Chopra-Gant - 2004 - Film-Philosophy 8 (3).
    Martha P. Nochimson _Screen Couple Chemistry: The Power of 2_ Austin: University of Texas Press, 2002 ISBN 0-292-75578-3 (hb) 0-292-75579-1 (pb) 394 pp.
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  19.  5
    Back to the future: A methodology for comparing old A-level and new AS standards.Gill Elliott, Mike Forster, Jackie Greatorex & John F. Bell - 2002 - Educational Studies 28 (2):163-180.
    Curriculum 2000 has meant significant change for the post-16 sector. New qualifications have been introduced (e.g. the new Advanced Subsidiary examination) and the number of students involved in education and training post-16 has increased. In this scenario how can the standards of new qualifications, particularly the new Advanced Subsidiary examinations, be compared with those of previous qualifications? One method is to use the prior achievement of candidates (i.e. GCSE results) as a basis for comparison of their results on subsequent qualifications (...)
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  20.  8
    Malcolm E. Finbow, Michael Harrison and Phillip Jones reply.Malcolm Finbow, Mike Harrison & Phil Jones - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (8):745-745.
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  21.  5
    Exploring the role of citizen journalism in slum improvement: the case of ‘Voice of Kibera’.Tedla Desta, Mike Fitzgibbon & Noreen Byrne - 2014 - AI and Society 29 (2):215-220.
    This paper explores the role of citizen journalism in the improvement of slums through the Voice of Kibera (VoK) case study. To meet the research objectives, both qualitative and quantitative methods are applied. The study used content analysis, a survey and interview techniques. It concluded that citizen journalism in the VoK uses a participatory, bottom-up approach, with the residents taking a lead role in the production and consumption of news, and that it plays its part in improving the lives of (...)
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  22.  11
    Major elective joint replacement surgery: socioeconomic variations in surgical risk, postoperative morbidity and length of stay.Jennifer Hollowell, Mike P. W. Grocott, Rebecca Hardy, Fares S. Haddad, Monty G. Mythen & Rosalind Raine - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):529-538.
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  23.  4
    The early development of numerical reasoning.Prentice Starkey - 1992 - Cognition 43 (2):93-126.
  24.  7
    How relative absolute can be: SUMI and the impact of the nature of the task in measuring perceived software usability. [REVIEW]Humberto Cavallin, W. Mike Martin & Ann Heylighen - 2007 - AI and Society 22 (2):227-235.
    This paper addresses the possibility of measuring perceived usability in an absolute way. It studies the impact of the nature of the tasks performed in perceived software usability evaluation, using for this purpose the subjective evaluation of an application’s performance via the Software Usability Measurement Inventory (SUMI). The paper reports on the post-hoc analysis of data from a productivity study for testing the effect of changes in the graphical user interface (GUI) of a market leading drafting application. Even though one (...)
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  25.  5
    International development: exploring the gap between organisations’ development policy and practice—a Southern perspective. [REVIEW]Denis Dennehy, Mike Fitzgibbon & Fergal Carton - 2014 - AI and Society 29 (2):221-230.
    International development policies inevitably encounter a conflict in their implementation, representing the gap between universal goals and grass-roots practice. The aim of this study was to explore and understand the significance of this gap, and to apply knowledge management principles as a lens to suggest bridging solutions. The research focuses on non-governmental organisations, which are a sub-section of the civil society. The study was unique as it took a Southern perspective—the views and experiences of policy-makers, practitioners and beneficiaries in Kenya (...)
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  26.  17
    Inequality is a relationship.Deborah A. Prentice & J. Nicole Shelton - 2012 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 35 (6):444-445.
    A view of inequality as a relationship between the advantaged and the disadvantaged has gained considerable currency in psychological research. However, the implications of this view for theories and interventions designed to reduce inequality remain largely unexplored. Drawing on the literature on close relationships, we identify several key features that a relational theory of social change should include.
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  27.  14
    Numerical abstraction by human infants.Prentice Starkey, Elizabeth S. Spelke & Rochel Gelman - 1990 - Cognition 36 (2):97-127.
  28.  14
    Mike Boone, Kathleen Fite, & Robert F. Reardon 43.Mike Boone - forthcoming - Journal of Thought.
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  29.  71
    Conservative AI and social inequality: conceptualizing alternatives to bias through social theory.Mike Zajko - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (3):1047-1056.
    In response to calls for greater interdisciplinary involvement from the social sciences and humanities in the development, governance, and study of artificial intelligence systems, this paper presents one sociologist’s view on the problem of algorithmic bias and the reproduction of societal bias. Discussions of bias in AI cover much of the same conceptual terrain that sociologists studying inequality have long understood using more specific terms and theories. Concerns over reproducing societal bias should be informed by an understanding of the ways (...)
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  30.  30
    Towards an Appreciation of Ethics in Social Enterprise Business Models.Mike Bull & Rory Ridley-Duff - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 159 (3):619-634.
    How can a critical analysis of entrepreneurial intention inform an appreciation of ethics in social enterprise business models? In answering this question, we consider the ethical commitments that inform entrepreneurial action and the hybrid organisations that emerge out of these commitments and actions. Ethical theory can be a useful way to reorient the field of social enterprise so that it is more critical of bureaucratic and market-driven enterprises connected to neoliberal doctrine. Social enterprise hybrid business models are therefore reframed as (...)
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  31. Body, Image and Affect in Consumer Culture.Mike Featherstone - 2010 - Body and Society 16 (1):193-221.
    This article is concerned with the relationship between body, image and affect within consumer culture. Body image is generally understood as a mental image of the body as it appears to others. It is often assumed in consumer culture that people attend to their body image in an instrumental manner, as status and social acceptability depend on how a person looks. This view is based on popular physiognomic assumptions that the body, especially the face, is a reflection of the self: (...)
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  32.  6
    Critical Race Theory and Social Studies: Centering the Native American Experience.Prentice T. Chandler - 2010 - Journal of Social Studies Research 34 (1):29-58.
  33.  63
    A rational analysis of the selection task as optimal data selection.Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater - 1994 - Psychological Review 101 (4):608-631.
  34.  9
    The ethics of sports: a reader.Mike J. McNamee (ed.) - 2010 - New York: Routledge.
    There are few, if any, aspects of contemporary sport that do not raise ethical questions. From on-field relationships between athletes, coaches and officials, to the corporate responsibility of international sports organizations and businesses, ethical considerations permeate sport at every level. This important new collection of articles showcases the very best international scholarship in the field of sports ethics, and offers a comprehensive, one-stop resource for any student, scholar or sportsperson with an interest in this important area. It addresses cutting-edge contemporary (...)
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  35. Just Disobedience: An Answer to the Question,“Is It Ever Just to Disobey a Law?”.Mike Cameron - forthcoming - Canadian Undergraduate Philosophy Journal Revue Canadienne de Philosophie Étudiante.
  36.  11
    Rate of pupillary dilation and contraction.Prentice Reeves - 1918 - Psychological Review 25 (4):330-340.
  37.  9
    Toward a comparative psychology of number.Prentice Starkey, Elizabeth S. Spelke & Rochel Gelman - 1991 - Cognition 39 (2):171-172.
  38.  3
    Steve Fuller. Science.Mike Thicke - 2011 - Spontaneous Generations 5 (1):91-94.
    Historian and philosopher of science Steve Fuller has long embraced his role as a public intellectual. As part of that mission, he testified in the 2005 Dover school board trials, arguing that intelligent design could legitimately claim scientific status. He has since written two books on the intelligent design controversy. Science, his latest effort, is part of The Art of Living series. It is ostensibly an exploration of what it means to “live scientifically,” but is more accurately described as an (...)
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  39.  4
    The Armchair Discovery of the Unknown Southern Continent: Gerardus Mercator, Philosophical Pretensions and a Competitive Trade.Mike A. Zuber - 2011 - Early Science and Medicine 16 (6):505-541.
    The unknown southern continent is perhaps one of the most puzzling aspects of Gerardus Mercator's otherwise strikingly modern cartography. This paper is an attempt to reconsider it in view of Renaissance cosmology and to outline two factors that led Mercator to engage with the mythical terra australis over decades: his socio-professional status as an artisan and the desire to be a philosopher, on the one hand, and the harsh business of mapmaking in the Low Countries on the other. The resulting (...)
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  40.  22
    Bayesian Rationality: The Probabilistic Approach to Human Reasoning.Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    Are people rational? This question was central to Greek thought and has been at the heart of psychology and philosophy for millennia. This book provides a radical and controversial reappraisal of conventional wisdom in the psychology of reasoning, proposing that the Western conception of the mind as a logical system is flawed at the very outset. It argues that cognition should be understood in terms of probability theory, the calculus of uncertain reasoning, rather than in terms of logic, the calculus (...)
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  41.  44
    Toward an Ethics of Algorithms: Convening, Observation, Probability, and Timeliness.Mike Ananny - 2016 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 41 (1):93-117.
    Part of understanding the meaning and power of algorithms means asking what new demands they might make of ethical frameworks, and how they might be held accountable to ethical standards. I develop a definition of networked information algorithms as assemblages of institutionally situated code, practices, and norms with the power to create, sustain, and signify relationships among people and data through minimally observable, semiautonomous action. Starting from Merrill’s prompt to see ethics as the study of “what we ought to do,” (...)
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  42.  14
    Reframing education: radically rethinking perspectives on education in the light of research.Mike Murray - 2019 - Melton, Woodbridge: John Catt Educational.
    Mike Murray's excellent new book attacks the narrow high stakes accountability and marketized vision which has distorted our education system and offers a radical optimistic vision of how we can emerge from the current impasse.
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  43.  18
    Rational Models of Cognition.Mike Oaksford & Nick Chater (eds.) - 1998 - Oxford University Press UK.
    This book explores a new approach to understanding the human mind - rational analysis - that regards thinking as a facility adapted to the structure of the world. This approach is most closely associated with the work of John R Anderson, who published the original book on rational analysis in 1990. Since then, a great deal of work has been carried out in a number of laboratories around the world, and the aim of this book is to bring this work (...)
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  44. Evil is not Evidence.Mike Almeida - 2022 - Religious Studies 1 (1):1-9.
    The paper aims to show that, if S5 is the logic of metaphysical necessity, then no state of affairs in any possible world constitutes any non-trivial evidence for or against the existence of the traditional God. There might well be states of affairs in some worlds describing extraordinary goods and extraordinary evils, but it is false that these states of affairs constitute any (non-trivial) evidence for or against the existence of God. The epistemological and metaphysical consequences for philosophical theology of (...)
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  45. 13 Mike Kelley.Mike Kelley - 2007 - In Diarmuid Costello & Jonathan Vickery (eds.), Art: key contemporary thinkers. New York: Berg. pp. 13.
     
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  46.  27
    Conditional Probability and the Cognitive Science of Conditional Reasoning.Nick Chater Mike Oaksford - 2003 - Mind and Language 18 (4):359-379.
    This paper addresses the apparent mismatch between the normative and descriptive literatures in the cognitive science of conditional reasoning. Descriptive psychological theories still regard material implication as the normative theory of the conditional. However, over the last 20 years in the philosophy of language and logic the idea that material implication can account for everyday indicative conditionals has been subject to severe criticism. The majority view is now apparently in favour of a subjective conditional probability interpretation. A comparative model fitting (...)
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  47.  35
    metaSEM: an R package for meta-analysis using structural equation modeling.Mike W.-L. Cheung - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  48.  3
    Teaching Ethics, Heuristics, and Biases.Robert Prentice - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 1 (1):55-72.
    Although economists often model decision makers as rational actors, the heuristics and biases literature that springs from the work of Nobel Prize winner Daniel Kahneman and his late colleague Amos Tversky demonstrates that people make decisions that depart from the optimal model in systematic ways. These cognitive and behavioral limitations not only cause inefficient decision making, but also lead people to make decisions that are unethical. This article seeks to introduce a selected portion of the heuristics and biases and related (...)
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  49.  48
    Foundations of the metaphysics of morals.Immanuel Kant & P. T. R. Prentice Hall - 1969 - Indianapolis,: Bobbs-Merrill. Edited by Robert Paul Wolff.
    "The Foundations is for the general reader who possesses 'common rational knowledge of morality' but lacks a philosophical theory of it."--Translator's introduction.
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  50. The Epistemological Basis of Engineering, and Its Reflection in the Modern Engineering Curriculum.Mike Murphy & William Grimson - 2015 - In Byron Newberry, Carl Mitcham, Martin Meganck, Andrew Jamison, Christelle Didier & Steen Hyldgaard Christensen (eds.), Engineering Identities, Epistemologies and Values: Engineering Education and Practice in Context. Springer Verlag.
     
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