Results for 'Mikael Rostila'

244 found
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  1.  73
    The Facets of Social Capital.Mikael Rostila - 2011 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 41 (3):308-326.
    The emergence of the two facets of social capital, the individual and the collective, has contributed to much of the confusion in the field of social capital. The overall objective of this article is to elaborate on a theoretical model aiming at clarifying some bridges between the facets and dimensions of social capital previously suggested in the literature. Initially, the article shortly presents and discusses some important definitions of social capital. Furthermore, limitations and shortcomings of previous definitions are discussed. Moreover, (...)
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  2.  32
    Representation Theorems and the Semantics of Decision-Theoretic Concepts.Mikaël Cozic & Brian Hill - 2015 - Journal of Economic Methodology 22 (3):292-311.
    Contemporary decision theory places crucial emphasis on a family of mathematical results called representation theorems, which relate criteria for evaluating the available options to axioms pertaining to the decision-maker’s preferences. Various claims have been made concerning the reasons for the importance of these results. The goal of this article is to assess their semantic role: representation theorems are purported to provide definitions of the decision-theoretic concepts involved in the evaluation criteria. In particular, this claim shall be examined from the perspective (...)
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  3.  19
    Mind Wandering at the Fingertips: Automatic Parsing of Subjective States Based on Response Time Variability.Mikaël Bastian & Jérôme Sackur - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  4. Mikael Stenmark Scientism: Science, Ethics and Religion. . Pp. Xi + 152. 40 , 16.99 . ISBN 0 7546 0445 4 ; 0 7546 0446 2. [REVIEW]Fraser Watts - 2004 - Religious Studies 40 (2):235-239.
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  5. Depictive Traces: On the Phenomenology of Photography.Mikael Pettersson - 2011 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 69 (2):185-196.
    Ever since their invention, photographic images have often been thought to be a special kind of image. Often, photography has been claimed to be a particularly realistic medium. At other times, photographs are said to be epistemically superior to other types of image. Yet another way in which photographs apparently are special is that our subjective experience of looking at photographs seems very different from our experience of looking at other types of image, such as paintings and drawings. While the (...)
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  6. Classification by Decomposition: A Novel Approach to Classification of Symmetric $$2\times 2$$ Games.Mikael Böörs, Tobias Wängberg, Tom Everitt & Marcus Hutter - 2021 - Theory and Decision 93 (3):463-508.
    In this paper, we provide a detailed review of previous classifications of $$2\times 2$$ 2 × 2 games and suggest a mathematically simple way to classify the symmetric $$2\times 2$$ 2 × 2 games based on a decomposition of the payoff matrix into a cooperative and a zero-sum part. We argue that differences in the interaction between the parts is what makes games interesting in different ways. Our claim is supported by evolutionary computer experiments and findings in previous literature. In (...)
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  7.  28
    The Blurred Line Between Theistic Evolution and Intelligent Design.Mikael Leidenhag - 2019 - Zygon 54 (4):909-931.
    It is often assumed that there is a hard line between theistic evolution (TE) and intelligent design (ID). Many theistic evolutionists subscribe to the idea that God only acts through natural processes, as opposed to the ID assertion that God, at certain points in natural history, has acted in a direct manner; directly causing particular features of the world. In this article, I argue that theistic evolutionists subscribe to what might be called Natural Divine Causation (NDC). NDC does not merely (...)
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  8.  4
    Intuitive Feelings of Warmth and Confidence in Insight and Noninsight Problem Solving of Magic Tricks.Mikael R. Hedne, Elisabeth Norman & Janet Metcalfe - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  9.  27
    Panentheism and its Neighbors.Mikael Stenmark - 2019 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 85 (1):23-41.
    In this paper I suggest that we should identify panentheism on a scale, with deism at one extreme and pantheism at the other. The surprising outcome of the analysis is that many of the things which in the philosophical and theological debate are simply taken for granted as distinguishing panentheism from traditional theism turn out to be possible extension claims rather than core doctrines of these different conceptions of God. Nevertheless, I maintain that it remains possible to draw a line (...)
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  10.  24
    Distributive Justice and Cognitive Enhancement in Lower, Normal Intelligence.Mikael Dunlop & Julian Savulescu - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (3-4):189-204.
    There exists a significant disparity within society between individuals in terms of intelligence. While intelligence varies naturally throughout society, the extent to which this impacts on the life opportunities it affords to each individual is greatly undervalued. Intelligence appears to have a prominent effect over a broad range of social and economic life outcomes. Many key determinants of well-being correlate highly with the results of IQ tests, and other measures of intelligence, and an IQ of 75 is generally accepted as (...)
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  11.  14
    The Bible as Coping Tool: Its Use and Psychological Functions in a Sample of Practicing Christians Living with Cancer.Mikael Lundmark - 2019 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 41 (2):141-158.
    This study addresses the Bible as a coping tool in a sample of Swedish practising Christians living with cancer, gathered through a qualitative, in-depth interview study, on religious experiences and expressions that serve in the process of coping with a life situation changed by the disease. Through content analyses, and case studies combining tools from Pargament’s coping theory with, above all, role theory, it is shown that the Bible is a part of the coping process for approximately half of the (...)
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  12.  3
    Scientism: Science, Ethics and Religion.Mikael Stenmark - 2001 - Ashgate.
    Can science tell us everything there is to know about reality? The intellectual and practical successes of science have led some scientists to think that there are no real limits to the competence of science, and no limits to what can be achieved in the name of science. Accordingly, science has no boundaries; it will eventually answer all our problems. This view (and similar views) have been called Scientism. In this important book scientists' views about science and its relationship to (...)
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  13. How to Relate Science and Religion: A Multidimensional Model.Mikael Stenmark - 2005 - Ars Disputandi 5:55-58.
     
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  14.  47
    Anti-Muslim Buddhist Nationalism in Burma and Sri Lanka: Religious Violence and Globalized Imaginaries of Endangered Identities.Mikael Gravers - 2015 - Contemporary Buddhism 16 (1):1-27.
    In Burma, monks are promoting a new marriage law restricting interfaith marriages. They have used hateful anti-Muslim rhetoric and claimed that Buddhism, language, culture and the national identity is endangered. Since 2012, Burma has seen widespread anti-Muslim riots resulting in burned mosques and casualties instigated by the 969 movement. Burmese monks study in Sri Lanka where the Buda Bala Sena, movement runs a fierce anti-Muslim and anti-Christian campaign. There is a clear connection between the monks in these former British colonies (...)
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  15.  24
    Language Facilitates Introspection: Verbal Mind-Wandering has Privileged Access to Consciousness.Mikaël Bastian, Sébastien Lerique, Vincent Adam, Michael S. Franklin, Jonathan W. Schooler & Jérôme Sackur - 2017 - Consciousness and Cognition 49:86-97.
  16. Rethinking Nudge: Not One But Three Concepts.Philippe Mongin & Mikael Cozic - 2018 - Behavioural Public Policy 2:107-124.
    Nudge is a concept of policy intervention that originates in Thaler and Sunstein's (2008) popular eponymous book. Following their own hints, we distinguish three properties of nudge interventions: they redirect individual choices by only slightly altering choice conditions (here nudge 1), they use rationality failures instrumentally (here nudge 2), and they alleviate the unfavourable effects of these failures (here nudge 3). We explore each property in semantic detail and show that no entailment relation holds between them. This calls into question (...)
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  17.  60
    Machiavelli and Empire.Mikael Hörnqvist - 2004 - Cambridge University Press.
    Exploring both the political and intellectual contexts within which Machiavelli's political vision was formed, Mikael Hornqvist stresses the classical and rhetorical character of Machiavelli's thought. He analyzes his preoccupation with glory and liberality in relation to the revival of Roman ideas of triumphalism. The result is a revealing account of the formation of Machiavelli's characteristic preoccupations.
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  18.  20
    The Problem of Natural Divine Causation and the Benefits of Partial Causation: A Response to Skogholt.Mikael Leidenhag - 2020 - Zygon 55 (3):696-709.
  19.  7
    The Ideal of Freedom in the Anthropocene: A New Crisis of Legitimation and the Brutalization of Geo-Social Conflicts.Mikael Carleheden & Nikolaj Schultz - 2022 - Thesis Eleven 170 (1):99-116.
    Modern social orders are legitimized by the ideal of freedom. Most conceptions of this ideal are theorized against the backdrop of nature understood as governed by its own laws beyond the realm of the social. However, such an understanding of nature is now being challenged by the ‘Anthropocene’ hypothesis. This article investigates the consequences of this hypothesis for freedom as an ideal legitimizing social order. We begin by discussing the conception of legitimation, after which we examine three classical notions of (...)
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  20.  20
    Religious Objects and the Coping Process.Mikael Lundmark - 2015 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 37 (1):54-83.
    This study addresses the psychological functions of physical religious objects in religious coping by presenting case studies on the use of prayer cloths. The cases are selected from a qualitative, in-depth interview study among Swedish practising Christians suffering from cancer, on religious experiences and expressions that serve in the process of coping with a life situation changed by the disease. It is argued that current psychological theories on coping and religion lack tools for understanding the role of physical religious objects (...)
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  21.  13
    Seeing What Is Not There: Pictorial Experience, Imagination, and Non-Localization.Mikael Pettersson - 2011 - British Journal of Aesthetics 51 (3):279–294.
    Pictures let us see what is not there. Or rather, since what pictures depict is not really there, we do not really see the things they are pictures of. Ever since Richard Wollheim introduced the notion of seeing-in into philosophical aesthetics, as part of his theory of depiction, there has been a lively debate about how, precisely, to understand this experience. However, one (alleged) feature of seeing-in that Wollheim pointed to has been almost completely absent in the subsequent discussion, namely (...)
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  22.  11
    An Interview with Jürgen Habermas.Mikael Carleheden & René Gabriëls - 1996 - Theory, Culture and Society 13 (3):1-17.
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  23.  35
    Monks, Morality and Military. The Struggle for Moral Power in Burma—and Buddhism's Uneasy Relation with Lay Power.Mikael Gravers - 2012 - Contemporary Buddhism 13 (1):1-33.
    In 2007, young Buddhist monks demonstrated against the military regime and its neglect of the economy and education, as well as against its repression. The monks applied Buddhism's ethical concepts as spiritual politics against the regime's increasing totalitarian tendencies. The article analyses and discusses how Buddhism and different notions of power characterize the struggle for democracy in Burma. The opposing sides, the young monks and the regime share a Buddhist cosmological imaginary. But they apply Buddhism differently in the struggle and (...)
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  24.  46
    Defeater Goes External.Mikael Janvid - 2017 - Philosophia 45 (2):701-715.
    This paper proposes a new externalist account of defeaters, in terms of reliable indicators, as an integral part of a unified externalist account of warrant and defeat. It is argued that posing externalist conditions on warrant, but internalist conditions on defeat lead to undesirable tensions. The proposal is contrasted to some rival accounts and then tested on some widely discussed cases, like the airport case. Misleading defeaters, where Laurence BonJour’s reliable clairvoyants serve as examples, also receive treatment, partly because they (...)
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  25.  19
    How to Relate Science and Religion.Mikael Stenmark - 2004 - Eerdmans.
    In this book these opposing views are presented, critically discussed, and replaced with a badly needed conciliatory model of science and religion.Written by ...
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  26. If-Clauses and Probability Operators.Paul Égré & Mikaël Cozic - 2011 - Topoi 30 (1):17-29.
    Adams’ thesis is generally agreed to be linguistically compelling for simple conditionals with factual antecedent and consequent. We propose a derivation of Adams’ thesis from the Lewis- Kratzer analysis of if-clauses as domain restrictors, applied to probability operators. We argue that Lewis’s triviality result may be seen as a result of inexpressibility of the kind familiar in generalized quantifier theory. Some implications of the Lewis- Kratzer analysis are presented concerning the assignment of probabilities to compounds of conditionals.
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  27.  57
    The Relevance of Emergence Theory in the Science–Religion Dialogue.Mikael Leidenhag - 2013 - Zygon 48 (4):966-983.
    In this article, I call into question the relevance of emergence theories as presently used by thinkers in the science–religion discussion. Specifically, I discuss theories of emergence that have been used by both religious naturalists and proponents of panentheism. I argue for the following conclusions: (1) If we take the background theory to be metaphysical realism, then there seems to be no positive connection between the reality of emergent properties and the validity of providing reality with a religious interpretation, though (...)
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  28.  29
    Is Panentheism Naturalistic? How Panentheistic Conceptions of Divine Action Imply Dualism.Mikael Leidenhag - 2014 - Forum Philosophicum: International Journal for Philosophy 19 (2):209-225.
    This paper will argue that panentheism fails to avoid ontological dualism, and that the naturalistic assumption being employed in panentheism underminesthe idea of God acting in physical reality. Moreover, given panentheism’s lack of success with respect to avoiding dualism, it becomes unclear to what extent panentheism represents a naturalistic approach in the dialogue between science and religion.
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  29. What is Scientism?Mikael Stenmark - 1997 - Religious Studies 33 (1):15-32.
    In this article I try to define more precisely what scientism is and how it is related to a traditional religion such as Christianity. By first examining the writing of a number of contemporary natural scientists (Francis Crick, Richard Dawkins, Stephen Hawking, Carl Sagan and Edward O. Wilson), I show that the concept can be given numerous different meanings. I propose and defend a distinction between epistemic, rationalistic, ontological, axiological and redemptive scientism and it is also explained why we should (...)
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  30.  5
    Worldview Studies.Mikael Stenmark - 2022 - Religious Studies 58 (3):564-582.
    I argue that philosophers of religion should not merely focus on religions but should pay much more attention to the secular outlooks on life emerging in contemporary society. To compare these outlooks, I suggest that we use the notion of worldview, and contrast religious worldviews with secular worldviews − rather than contrasting religions with nonreligions, which scholars of religion have recently tended to do. Accordingly, religious people should be contrasted with secular people and not with religious ‘nones’. I also explore (...)
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  31.  43
    Rules of Untouchability in Ancient and Medieval Law Books: Householders, Competence, and Inauspiciousness. [REVIEW]Mikael Aktor - 2002 - International Journal of Hindu Studies 6 (3):243-274.
  32.  59
    Competing Conceptions of God: The Personal God Versus the God Beyond Being.Mikael Stenmark - 2015 - Religious Studies 51 (2):205-220.
    Among philosophers and theologians today, one of the most important dividing lines is the one separating those who advocate a personal conception of God from those who embrace the idea of a God beyond or without being. There is not much dialogue between these groups of scholars; rather the two groups ignore each other, and each party typically believes that there is a fairly straightforward knockdown argument against the other. In this article I explore these two standard objections – the (...)
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  33.  8
    A Focused Attention Intervention for Coping with Ostracism.Mikaël Molet, Benjamin Macquet, Olivier Lefebvre & Kipling D. Williams - 2013 - Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1262-1270.
    Ostracism—being excluded and ignored—thwarts satisfaction of four fundamental needs: belonging, self-esteem, control, and meaningful existence. The current study investigated whether training participants to focus their attention on the here-and-now reduces distress from an ostracism experience. Participants were first trained in either focused or unfocused attention, and then played Cyberball, an online ball-tossing game for which half the participants were included or ostracized. Participants reported their levels of need satisfaction during the game, and after a short delay. Whereas both training groups (...)
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  34.  13
    How to Study Public Imagination of Autonomous Systems: The Case of the Helsinki Automated Metro.Mikael Wahlström - 2017 - AI and Society 32 (4):599-612.
    Means of transportation are changing through advances in automation. One issue to be considered in this development is public opinion regarding these systems, yet existing studies of automated transportation do not provide theoretical or methodological means for exploring public imagination, even though this would be relevant in exploring public acceptance of future technologies. Applied for studying public views on a future automated metro system, a method was devised that includes quantitative and qualitative analysis of media and questionnaire data. Although supportive (...)
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  35.  29
    When Mrs B Met Jesus During Radiotherapy: A Single Case Study of a Christic Vision: Psychological Prerequisites and Functions and Considerations on Narrative Methodology.Mikael Lundmark - 2010 - Archive for the Psychology of Religion 32 (1):27-68.
    This study analyses a Christic vision perceived by a woman during a radiotherapy session for her cervical cancer. A detailed description of the vision is presented based on a photographic documentation of the radiotherapy room, a painting of the vision made by the visionary herself and narratives retold two weeks after the vision, and again, one year later. Perceptual, social, and psychodynamic psychological theories are used to analyze the psychological prerequisites of the vision. It is shown that the vision is, (...)
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  36. Understanding Understanding: An Epistemological Investigation.Mikael Janvid - 2014 - Philosophia 42 (4):971-985.
    Understanding has received growing interest from epistemologists in recent years, but no consensus regarding its epistemic properties has yet been reached. This paper extracts, but also rejects, candidates of epistemic properties for construing an epistemological model of understanding from the writings of epistemologists participating in the current discussion surrounding that state. On the basis of these results, a suggestion is put forward according to which understanding is a non-basic epistemic state of warrant rather than knowledge. It is argued that this (...)
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  37.  4
    Myōun and the Heike: Monastic Influence in Twelfth-Century Japan.Mikael S. Adolphson - 2020 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 47 (2).
    In contrast to founders of new Buddhist schools, monastic leaders of established religious centers in pre-1600 Japan have often been ignored as subjects of serious scholarship. In part, this can be explained by their involvement in political and military matters, which has been seen as of little consequence to religious studies or detrimental to the imperial state since, according to later ideals, the religious and political spheres were assumed to be separate. However, recent studies have demonstrated the extent to which (...)
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  38. Seeing Depicted Space (or Not).Mikael Pettersson - forthcoming - In Anna Bergqvist & Robert Cowan (eds.), Evaluative Perception. Oxford University Press.
    What is it to see something in a picture? Most accounts of pictorial experience—or, to use Richard Wollheim’s term, ‘seeing-in’—seek, in various ways, to explain it in terms of how pictures somehow display the looks of things. However, some ‘things’ that we apparently see in pictures do not display any ‘look.’ In particular, most pictures depict empty space, but empty space does not seem to display any ‘look’—at least not in the way material objects do. How do we see it (...)
     
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  39. How to Relate Science and Religion a Multidimensional Model.Mikael Stenmark - 2005 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 58 (1):55-58.
     
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  40. Epistemic Leaks and Epistemic Meltdowns: A Response to William Morris on Scepticism with Regard to Reason.Mikael M. Karlsson - 1990 - Hume Studies 16 (2):121-130.
  41. Grounding Individuality in Illusion: A Philosophical Exploration of Advaita Vedānta in Light of Contemporary Panpsychism.Mikael Leidenhag - 2021 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 13 (3).
    The metaphysical vision of Advaita Vedānta has been making its way into some corners of Western analytic philosophy, and has especially garnered attention among those philosophers who are seeking to develop metaphysical systems in opposition to both reductionist materialism and dualism. Given Vedānta’s monistic view of consciousness, it might seem natural to put Vedānta in dialogue with the growing position of panpsychism which, although not fully monistic, similarly takes mind to be a fundamental feature of reality. This paper will evaluate (...)
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  42.  3
    How Incentive Systems Arrived in Sweden - a Tale of Travelling Ideas and Ghost Myths in Action.Mikael Cäker, Mikael Wickelgren & Thomas Andersson - 2018 - International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy 11 (1):67.
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  43.  4
    Mikael Hård;, Thomas J. Misa . Urban Machinery: Inside Modern European Cities. Viii + 351 Pp., Figs., Table, Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: MIT Press, 2008. $45. [REVIEW]Jens Lachmund - 2009 - Isis 100 (1):139-140.
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  44.  5
    Verbal and Social Interactions in the Nurse?Patient Relationship in Forensic Psychiatric Nursing Care: A Model and its Philosophical and Theoretical Foundation.Mikael Rask & David Brunt - 2007 - Nursing Inquiry 14 (2):169-176.
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  45.  13
    Economie « sans esprit » et données cognitives.Mikaël Cozic - 2012 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 1 (1):127-153.
    One of the most impressive changes in economics and decision sciences is the emergence and fast growth of so-called “behavioral” economics and neuroeconomics. These fields raise several methodological issues, some of them being currently intensively discussed. Amongst those issues, the following is prominent : what is the epistemic relevance of non-behavioral or “cognitive” data, i.e. data which bear on cognitive processes and states involved in decision making ? F. Gul and W. Pesendorfer (2005/2008) have vigorously criticized the idea that these (...)
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  46. Människan utan egenskaper. Om de normativa grundvalarna för den postmoderna konstruktivismens genusteori.Mikael Carleheden - 1999 - Res Publica (Misc) 1:50-67.
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  47.  5
    An Interview with Michael Walzer.Mikael Carleheden & René Gabriëls - 1997 - Theory, Culture and Society 14 (1):113-130.
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  48.  21
    From Emergence Theory to Panpsychism—A Philosophical Evaluation of Nancey Murphy’s Non-Reductive Physicalism.Mikael Leidenhag - 2016 - Sophia 55 (3):381-394.
    In this article, I offer a critical evaluation of non-reductive physicalism as articulated and defended by Nancey Murphy. I argue that the examples given by Murphy do not illustrate robust emergence and the philosophical idea of downward causation. The thesis of multiple realizability is ontologically neutral, and so cannot support the idea of the causal efficacy of higher-level properties. Supervenience is incompatible with strong emergence. I also argue for the fruitful relationship between emergence theory and panpsychism pertaining to the metaphysical (...)
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  49.  1
    Weighing in on Evidence: Documents and Literary Manuscripts in Early Medieval Japan.Mikael S. Adolphson - 2018 - In Sabine Kienitz, Michael Friedrich, Christian Brockmann & Alessandro Bausi (eds.), Manuscripts and Archives: Comparative Views on Record-Keeping. De Gruyter. pp. 297-318.
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  50.  9
    Scientists’ Understandings of Risk of Nanomaterials: Disciplinary Culture Through the Ethnographic Lens.Mikael Johansson & Åsa Boholm - 2017 - NanoEthics 11 (3):229-242.
    There is a growing literature on how scientific experts understand risk of technology related to their disciplinary field. Previous research shows that experts have different understandings and perspectives depending on disciplinary culture, organizational affiliation, and how they more broadly look upon their role in society. From a practice-based perspective on risk management as a bottom-up activity embedded in work place routines and everyday interactions, we look, through an ethnographic lens, at the laboratory life of nanoscientists. In the USA and Sweden, (...)
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