Results for 'Michell N. Meyer'

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  1.  12
    Wrestling with Public Input on an Ethical Analysis of Scientific Research.Erik Parens, Michelle N. Meyer, Patrick Turley, Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, Nanibaa’ A. Garrison, Shawneequa L. Callier & Daphne Oluwaseun Martschenko - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (2):S50-S65.
    Bioethicists frequently call for empirical researchers to engage participants and community members in their research, but don't themselves typically engage community members in their normative research. In this article, we describe an effort to include members of the public in normative discussions about the risks, potential benefits, and ethical responsibilities of social and behavioral genomics (SBG) research. We reflect on what might—and might not— be gained from engaging the public in normative scholarship and on lessons learned about public perspectives on (...)
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  2.  20
    Regulating Research with Biospecimens under the Revised Common Rule.Holly Fernandez Lynch & Michelle N. Meyer - 2017 - Hastings Center Report 47 (3):3-4.
    Since 2011, the research community had waited with bated breath as regulators contemplated for the first time bringing secondary research with nonidentifiable biospecimens under the Common Rule and dramatically tightening the criteria for waiving consent to biospecimen research. After considerable pushback from both researchers and patients and amid rumors of intractable disagreement among Common Rule agencies, the Final Rule published on the last day of President Obama's administration left out these troubling changes, and there was a collective sigh of relief. (...)
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  3.  24
    Wrestling with Social and Behavioral Genomics: Risks, Potential Benefits, and Ethical Responsibility.Michelle N. Meyer, Paul S. Appelbaum, Daniel J. Benjamin, Shawneequa L. Callier, Nathaniel Comfort, Dalton Conley, Jeremy Freese, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, Evelynn M. Hammonds, K. Paige Harden, Sandra Soo-Jin Lee, Alicia R. Martin, Daphne Oluwaseun Martschenko, Benjamin M. Neale, Rohan H. C. Palmer, James Tabery, Eric Turkheimer, Patrick Turley & Erik Parens - 2023 - Hastings Center Report 53 (S1):2-49.
    In this consensus report by a diverse group of academics who conduct and/or are concerned about social and behavioral genomics (SBG) research, the authors recount the often‐ugly history of scientific attempts to understand the genetic contributions to human behaviors and social outcomes. They then describe what the current science—including genomewide association studies and polygenic indexes—can and cannot tell us, as well as its risks and potential benefits. They conclude with a discussion of responsible behavior in the context of SBG research. (...)
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  4.  18
    There Oughta Be a Law: When Does(n’t) the U.S. Common Rule Apply?Michelle N. Meyer - 2020 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 48 (S1):60-73.
    Using mobile health research as an extended example, this article provides an overview of when the Common Rule “applies” to a variety of activities, what might be meant when one says that the Common Rule does or does not “apply,” the extent to which these different meanings of “apply” matter, and, when the Common Rule does apply, how it applies.
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  5.  43
    The kindness of strangers: The donative contract between subjects and researchers and the non-obligation to return individual results of genetic research.Michelle N. Meyer - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (11):44 – 46.
  6.  50
    Against One-Size-Fits-All Research Ethics.Michell N. Meyer - 2010 - Hastings Center Report 40 (5):10-11.
    Many feel the Common Rule treats an unwieldy range of activities identically under the monolithic label "human subjects research." Past objections centering on the conflation of biomedical and behavioral research have gained new currency with the increase in biobanking and Internet-based research. A more nuanced approach to research is overdue. Regulation will no doubt remain a major component of any new approach. But in some research contexts, investigators and subjects should be permitted to reach voluntary, informed agreements about certain aspects (...)
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  7.  11
    From Evidence‐Based Medicine to Evidence‐Based Practice.Michelle N. Meyer - 2013 - Hastings Center Report 43 (2):11-12.
    As a recent special report in the Hastings Center Report demonstrates, many bioethicists are rethinking the way we regulate both biomedical research and clinical practice, as well as the sharp boundary that the field has assumed can and should exist between them. Such a rethinking is long overdue. There is surely a meaningful normative distinction between activities whose expected risk‐benefit profile is and is not “reasonable” for participants (to echo the language in the Common Rule—the core set of human research (...)
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  8.  11
    The Subject–Researcher Relationship: In Defense of Contracting Around Default Rules.Michelle N. Meyer - 2011 - American Journal of Bioethics 11 (4):27-30.
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  9.  50
    The More Things Change: The New NIH Guidelines on Human Stem Cell Research.Michelle N. Meyer & James W. Fossett - 2009 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 19 (3):289-307.
    Many assumed that the Obama administration would usher in a sea change from the previous administration by expanding NIH support for human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research and reducing the patchwork of state and federal regulations that currently governs it. This article examines the extent to which NIH’s new Guidelines are likely to accomplish these goals.
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  10.  17
    Allocation of Opportunities to Participate in Clinical Trials during the Covid‐19 Pandemic and Other Public Health Emergencies.Kayte Spector-Bagdady, Holly Fernandez Lynch, Barbara E. Bierer, Luke Gelinas, Sara Chandros Hull, David Magnus, Michelle N. Meyer, Richard R. Sharp, Jeremy Sugarman, Benjamin S. Wilfond, Ruqaiijah Yearby & Seema Mohapatra - 2021 - Hastings Center Report 52 (1):51-58.
    Hastings Center Report, Volume 52, Issue 1, Page 51-58, January/February 2022.
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  11.  5
    Qu'est-ce que l'histoire?: progrès ou déclin?Michel Meyer - 2013 - Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
    L'Histoire s'accélère aujourd'hui à un rythme inégalé. Jamais les réponses d'hier, ou même d'aujourd'hui, n'ont semblé à ce point problématiques à ceux qui les vivent, et parfois en souffrent. Mais à quelle logique répond cette historicité qui est notre lot quotidien? Si l'Histoire ne répond à aucune finalité ultime qu'on puisse dégager, contrairement à ce que pensaient Hegel et Marx, est-ce à dire que rien ne peut expliquer les variations historiques? L'Europe connaît actuellement une grande crise, voire un déclin, provoqué (...)
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  12.  5
    Comment penser la réalité.Michel Meyer - 2005 - Paris: Presses universitaires de France.
    La réalité est au centre du débat en science comme en philosophie. De l'infiniment petit à l'infiniment grand, de la mécanique quantique à la relativité, les conceptions s'affrontent, et parfois se complètent. Que peut nous dire le philosophe sur ces questions? Pour y répondre, Michel Meyer a développé une approche nouvelle, la problématologie ou théorie du questionnement. Le savant interroge le réel, se livre à des expériences qui sont des mises à l'épreuve d'alternatives, tout comme l'homme de la rue (...)
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  13. The nature of awe: Elicitors, appraisals, and effects on self-concept.Michelle N. Shiota, Dacher Keltner & Amanda Mossman - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (5):944-963.
  14.  29
    Continuous passive movement does not influence motor maps in healthy adults.Michelle N. McDonnell, Susan L. Hillier, George M. Opie, Matthew Nowosilskyj, Miranda Haberfield & Gabrielle Todd - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  15.  18
    Comment: The Science of Positive Emotion: You’ve Come a Long Way, Baby/There’s Still a Long Way to Go.Michelle N. Shiota - 2017 - Emotion Review 9 (3):235-237.
    After decades of neglect, positive emotion is now the focus of a rich, diverse, and rapidly growing field. Basic research has advanced understanding of positive emotions’ neural mechanisms, nonverbal expression, and implications for cognition and motivation, with increasing appreciation of positive emotion differentiation, as well as cultural and contextual moderators of positive emotions’ effects. Much research has also addressed ways positive emotions can be leveraged to improve the human condition, and the mechanisms by which interventions have beneficial effects. As always, (...)
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  16. High emotional reactivity toward an experimenter affects participation, but not performance, in cognitive tests with common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus).Michèle N. Schubiger, Florian L. Wüstholz, André Wunder & Judith M. Burkart - 2015 - Animal Cognition 18 (3):701-712.
    When testing primates with cognitive tasks, it is usually not considered that subjects differ markedly in terms of emotional reactivity toward the experimenter, which potentially affects a subject’s cognitive performance. We addressed this issue in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus), a monkey species in which males tend to show stronger emotional reactivity in testing situations, whereas females have been reported to outperform males in cognitive tasks. In a two-phase experiment, we first quantified the emotional reactivity of 14 subjects toward four different (...)
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  17.  25
    Validity of Cognitive Tests for Non-human Animals: Pitfalls and Prospects.Michèle N. Schubiger, Claudia Fichtel & Judith M. Burkart - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
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  18.  42
    The Formation of the Maternal–Fetal Relationship.Michelle N. Armendariz & Dorothy S. Martinez - 2015 - The National Catholic Bioethics Quarterly 15 (3):443-451.
    Previously conducted research has determined that physiological and psychophysiological communications evident during pregnancy are vital to the bond formed prenatally. These innate biological responses are further enhanced through psychophysiological factors, such as maternal prenatal stress, which attest to the essential communication between a mother and child in maternal–fetal attachment. A consideration of these factors is necessary with the increase in assisted reproductive technology, such as in vitro fertilization, surrogacy, and elective cesarean section, as this may affect the development of the (...)
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  19.  58
    I love you but … : Cultural differences in complexity of emotional experience during interaction with a romantic partner.Michelle N. Shiota, Belinda Campos, Gian C. Gonzaga, Dacher Keltner & Kaiping Peng - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (5):786-799.
    Studies suggest that emotional complexity—the experience of positive and negative emotion in response to the same event—is unusual in Western samples. However, recent research finds that the co-occurrence of positive and negative emotion during unstructured situations is more common among East Asians than Westerners, consistent with theories emphasising the prevalence of dialectical folk epistemology in East-Asian culture. The present study builds upon previous research by examining Asian- and European-Americans' experience of a particular positive emotion—love—and a situationally appropriate negative emotion during (...)
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  20. Moral Virtue and Reasons for Action.Michelle N. Mason - 2001 - Dissertation, The University of Chicago
    This dissertation urges philosophers to reevaluate how they frame the question of the rationality of moral action. Its motivation is the thought that approaches to the question have suffered from mistakes in the relata. On the part of theories of practical reason, philosophers adopt an inadequate theory of action. On the part of moral theory, philosophers hold narrow conceptions of moral worth. As a result, not only have we failed to vindicate the thought that the moral agent acts well, our (...)
     
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  21.  24
    What is shared, what is different? Core relational themes and expressive displays of eight positive emotions.Belinda Campos, Michelle N. Shiota, Dacher Keltner, Gian C. Gonzaga & Jennifer L. Goetz - 2013 - Cognition and Emotion 27 (1):37-52.
  22.  16
    Mild cold‐stress depresses immune responses: Implications for cancer models involving laboratory mice.Michelle N. Messmer, Kathleen M. Kokolus, Jason W.-L. Eng, Scott I. Abrams & Elizabeth A. Repasky - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (9):884-891.
    Physiologically accurate mouse models of cancer are critical in the pre‐clinical development of novel cancer therapies. However, current standardized animal‐housing temperatures elicit chronic cold‐associated stress in mice, which is further increased in the presence of tumor. This cold‐stress significantly impacts experimental outcomes. Data from our lab and others suggest standard housing fundamentally alters murine physiology, and this can produce altered immune baselines in tumor and other disease models. Researchers may thus underestimate the efficacy of therapies that are benefitted by immune (...)
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  23.  66
    The evolution of general intelligence.Judith M. Burkart, Michèle N. Schubiger & Carel P. van Schaik - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
    The presence of general intelligence poses a major evolutionary puzzle, which has led to increased interest in its presence in nonhuman animals. The aim of this review is to critically evaluate this question and to explore the implications for current theories about the evolution of cognition. We first review domain-general and domain-specific accounts of human cognition in order to situate attempts to identify general intelligence in nonhuman animals. Recent studies are consistent with the presence of general intelligence in mammals. However, (...)
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  24.  35
    Hospice Comics: Representations of Patient and Family Experience of Illness and Death in Graphic Novels.M. K. Czerwiec & Michelle N. Huang - 2017 - Journal of Medical Humanities 38 (2):95-113.
    Non-fiction graphic novels about illness and death created by patients and their loved ones have much to teach all readers. However, the bond of empathy made possible in the comic form may have special lessons for healthcare providers who read these texts and are open to the insights they provide.
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  25.  36
    Future directions for studying the evolution of general intelligence.Judith M. Burkart, Michèle N. Schubiger & Carel P. van Schaik - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  26.  11
    Descartes et la rhétorique de la modernité.Michel Meyer - 2021 - Bruxelles, Belgique: Académie royale de Belgique.
  27.  7
    Principia moralia.Michel Meyer - 2013 - [Paris]: Fayard.
    Y a-t-il une seule et unique morale dont on puisse se prévaloir aujourd'hui? Les réflexions philosophiques sur la morale se sont toujours combattues, remplacées, démenties au fil du temps, tout en étant chacune valable. Le stoïcisme, la morale de la vertu, le recours à la loi morale, l'utilitarisme sont autant de courants qui irriguent encore notre façon de penser. Mais laquelle de ces "visions" choisir? Et pourquoi choisir celle-là plutôt qu'une autre? Michel Meyer opère ici un retournement de la (...)
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  28.  17
    Anodal transcranial direct current stimulation to the cerebellum improves handwriting and cyclic drawing kinematics in focal hand dystonia.Lynley V. Bradnam, Lynton J. Graetz, Michelle N. McDonnell & Michael C. Ridding - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  29.  1
    De l'insolence: essai sur la morale et le politique.Michel Meyer - 1995 - Grasset & Fasquelle.
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  30. Paul Bloomfield.Diana Meyers, Joel Kupperman, Margaret Gilbert, Sonia Michel & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong - 2008 - In Paul Bloomfield (ed.), Morality and Self-Interest. New York: Oxford University Press.
     
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  31. Verso un nuovo umanesimo.N. Michele Campanozzi - 1969 - San Severo,: Cromografica Dotoli.
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  32.  5
    Chaïm Perelman (1912-2012): de la nouvelle rhétorique à la logique juridique.Benoît Frydman & Michel Meyer (eds.) - 2012 - Paris: Presses Universitaires de France.
    Perelman a remis à l'honneur la rhétorique en 1958 et l'a appliquée à la philosophie morale, politique et juridique aussitôt, montrant ainsi la fécondité de son approche. Reprenant l'œuvre d'Aristote et la poursuivant, il a fait de la rhétorique et de l'argumentation la nouvelle matrice des sciences humaines après la mort du structuralisme. A l'occasion du centenaire de sa naissance, les auteurs réunis ici lui rendent hommage, mais aussi poursuivent, par leurs propres recherches, l'idée que la rhétorique comme l'argumentation sont (...)
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  33.  7
    Questioning Derrida: With His Replies on Philosophy.Michel Meyer - 2001 - Ashgate Publishing.
    Derrida's work testifies to the problematic state of contemporary thought. Questioning Derrida offers new explorations into Derrida's contribution to philosophy. Presenting contributions from prominent philosophers worldwide, this book explores many aspects of Derrida's philosophical perspective. With contributors commenting on a particular topic or defending alternative viewpoints, this book examines the work of Plato, Hegel, Aristotle, Heidegger and also the philosophy of science. Focusing on 'problematology' - a conception of philosophy as questioning - the contributors explore this new way of 'doing' (...)
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  34.  97
    Using wearable cameras to investigate health-related daily life experiences: A literature review of precautions and risks in empirical studies.Laurel E. Meyer, Lauren Porter, Meghan E. Reilly, Caroline Johnson, Salman Safir, Shelly F. Greenfield, Benjamin C. Silverman, James I. Hudson & Kristin N. Javaras - 2021 - Sage Publications Ltd: Research Ethics 18 (1):64-83.
    Research Ethics, Volume 18, Issue 1, Page 64-83, January 2022. Automated, wearable cameras can benefit health-related research by capturing accurate and objective information about individuals’ daily experiences. However, wearable cameras present unique privacy- and confidentiality-related risks due to the possibility of the images capturing identifying or sensitive information from participants and third parties. Although best practice guidelines for ethical research with wearable cameras have been published, limited information exists on the risks of studies using wearable cameras. The aim of this (...)
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  35.  13
    Science, Reduction and Natural Kinds.Leroy N. Meyer - 1989 - Philosophy 64 (250):535 - 546.
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  36.  3
    La Crisis de la razón.Michel Foucault & Francisco Jarauta Marión (eds.) - 1986 - [Murcia]: Secretariado de Publicaciones e Intercambio Científico, Universidad de Murcia.
  37. Hermann Hesse, de Siddharta au Jeu des perles de verre.Edwin Casebeer & Michel Meyer - 1985 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 175 (1):52-53.
     
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  38. De la Métaphysique À la Rhétorique Essais À la Mémoire de Chaïm Perelman Avec Un Inédit Sur la Logique.Chaïm Perelman & Michel Meyer - 1986
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  39. From Grace to Disgrace.N. Craig Smith & Michelle Quirk - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 1 (1):91-130.
    In June 2002, Arthur Andersen LLP became the first accounting firm in history to be criminally convicted. The repercussions were immense. From a position as one of the leading professional services firms in the world, with 85,000 staff in 84 countries and revenues in excess of $9 billion, Andersen effectively ceased to exist within a matter of months. Although Andersen’s conviction related specifically to a charge of obstructing justice, public attention focused on the audit relationship between Andersen and its major (...)
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  40.  8
    Of Problematology: Philosophy, Science, and Language.Michel Meyer - 1995 - University of Chicago Press.
    Michel Meyer offers a new beginning for philosophy rooted in a theory of questioning that he calls "problematology." Meyer argues that a new beginning is necessary in order to resituate philosophy, science, and linguistic analysis, and he proposes a global view of rationality by returning to the nature of questioning itself. For Meyer, philosophy does not solve problems or give answers but instead shows how propositions are related to a whole field of questions that give them meaning. (...)
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  41.  4
    From Metaphysics to Rhetoric.Michel Meyer - 2012 - Dordrecht, Netherland: Springer Verlag.
    by the question in its being an answer, if only in a circumstantial (i. e. inessential) manner. One indeed must question oneself in order to remember, says Plato, but the dialectic, which would be scientific, must be something else even if it remains a play of question and answer. This contradiction did not escape Aristotle: he split the scientific from the dialectic and logic from argumentation whose respective theories he was led to conceive in order to clearly define their boundaries (...)
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  42.  21
    Meaning and reading: a philosophical essay on language and literature.Michel Meyer - 1983 - Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
    According to the traditional view, meaning presents itself under the form of some kind of identity.
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  43.  35
    Rhetoric, Language, and Reason.Michel Meyer - 1993 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    Contemporary or postmodern thought is based on the lack of foundation. The impossibility of having a principle for philosophy has become a position of principle. As a result, rhetoric has taken over. Content has given way to the priority of form. Michel Meyer's book aims at showing that philosophy as foundational is possible and necessary, and that rhetoric can flourish alongside, but the conception of reason must be changed. Questioning rather than answering must be considered as the guiding principle. (...)
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  44. La rhétorique ou l’art de parler.Bernard Lamy, Michel Meyer & Benoît Timmermans - 1998 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 61 (3):630-630.
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  45. De la problématologie.Michel Meyer - 1989 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 179 (1):115-118.
     
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  46.  11
    Are ballot initiatives a good way to make education policy? The case of affirmative action.Michele S. Moses & Amy N. Farley - 2011 - Educational Studies: A Jrnl of the American Educ. Studies Assoc 47 (3):260-279.
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  47.  11
    Are Ballot Initiatives a Good Way to Make Education Policy? The Case of Affirmative Action.Michele S. Moses & Amy N. Farley - 2011 - Educational Studies 47 (3):260-279.
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  48.  30
    The Central Role of Philosophy in a Study of Community Dialogues.Michele S. Moses, Lauren P. Saenz & Amy N. Farley - 2015 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 34 (2):193-203.
    The project we highlight in this article stems from our philosophical work on moral disagreements that appear to be—and sometimes are—intractable. Deliberative democratic theorists tout the merits of dialogue as an effective way to bridge differences of values and opinion, ideally resulting in agreement, or perhaps more often resulting in greater mutual understanding. Could dialogue mitigate disagreements about a controversial education policy such as affirmative action? Could it foster greater understanding? We conceived of a project that would simultaneously fulfill two (...)
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  49. The influence of prior knowledge on viewing and interpreting graphics with macroscopic and molecular representations.Michelle Cook, Eric N. Wiebe & Glenda Carter - 2008 - Science Education 92 (5):848-867.
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  50. From Logic to Rhetoric.Michel Meyer - 1988 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 21 (4):312-315.
     
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