88 found
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  1. Life and action: elementary structures of practice and practical thought.Michael Thompson - 2008 - Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    Part I: The representation of life -- Can life be given a real definition? -- The representation of the living individual -- The representation of the life-form itself -- Part II: Naive action theory -- Types of practical explanation -- Naive explanation of action -- Action and time -- Part III: Practical generality -- Two tendencies in practical philosophy -- Practices and dispositions as sources of the goodness of individual actions -- Practice and disposition as sources of individual action.
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  2. What is it to wrong someone? A puzzle about justice.Michael Thompson - 2004 - In R. Jay Wallace, Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler & Michael Smith (eds.), Reason and Value: Themes from the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz. Clarendon Press. pp. 333-384.
    This will be the best way of explaining ‘Paris is the lover of Helen’, that is, ‘Paris loves, and by that very fact [et eo ipso] Helen is loved’. Here, therefore, two propositions have been brought together and abbreviated as one. Or, ‘Paris is a lover, and by that very fact Helen is a loved one’.
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  3. Naive action theory.Michael Thompson - 2008 - In Life and action: elementary structures of practice and practical thought. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
    The question "Why?" that is deployed in these exchanges evidently bears the "special sense" Elizabeth Anscombe has linked to the concepts of intention and of a reason for action; it is the sort of question "Why?" that asks for what Donald Davidson later called a "rationalization".2 The special character of what is given, in each response, as formulating a reason ── a description, namely, of the agent as actually doing something, and, moreover, as..
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  4. The representation of life.Michael Thompson - 1995 - In Rosalind Hursthouse, Gavin Lawrence & Warren Quinn (eds.), Virtues and Reasons: Philippa Foot and Moral Theory: Essays in Honour of Philippa Foot. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 247--296.
     
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  5. Apprehending Human Form.Michael Thompson - 2004 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 54:47-74.
    My immediate aim in this lecture is to contribute something to the apt characterization of our representation and knowledge of the specifically human life form, as I will put it - and, to some extent, of things ‘human’ more generally. In particular I want to argue against an exaggerated empiricism about such cognition. Meditation on these themes might be pursued as having a kind of interest of its own, an epistemological and in the end metaphysical interest, but my own purpose (...)
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  6. The two faces of domination in republican political theory.Michael J. Thompson - 2018 - European Journal of Political Theory 17 (1):1474885115580352.
    I propose a theory of domination derived from republican political theory that is in contrast to the neo-republican theory of domination as arbitrary interference and domination as dependence. I suggest that, drawing on of the writings of Machiavelli and Rousseau, we can see two faces of domination that come together to inform social relations. One type of domination is extractive dominance where agents are able to derive surplus benefit from another individual, group, or collective resource, natural or human. Another is (...)
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  7. Anscombe's Intention and practical knowledge.Michael Thompson - 2011 - In Anton Ford, Jennifer Hornsby & Frederick Stoutland (eds.), Essays on Anscombe's Intention. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
  8. What is it to Wrong Someone? A Puzzle about Justice.Michael Thompson - 2004 - In R. Jay Wallace, Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler & Michael Smith (eds.), Reason and Value: Themes From the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz. Clarendon Press.
     
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  9.  18
    Index.Michael Thompson - 2008 - In Life and action: elementary structures of practice and practical thought. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. pp. 215-223.
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  10.  26
    Beyond Criticism of Ethics Review Boards: Strategies for Engaging Research Communities and Enhancing Ethical Review Processes.Andrew Hickey, Samantha Davis, Will Farmer, Julianna Dawidowicz, Clint Moloney, Andrea Lamont-Mills, Jess Carniel, Yosheen Pillay, David Akenson, Annette Brömdal, Richard Gehrmann, Dean Mills, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Tanya Machin, Suzanne Reich, Kim Southey, Lynda Crowley-Cyr, Taiji Watanabe, Josh Davenport, Rohit Hirani, Helena King, Roshini Perera, Lucy Williams, Kurt Timmins, Michael Thompson, Douglas Eacersall & Jacinta Maxwell - 2022 - Journal of Academic Ethics 20 (4):549-567.
    A growing body of literature critical of ethics review boards has drawn attention to the processes used to determine the ethical merit of research. Citing criticism on the bureaucratic nature of ethics review processes, this literature provides a useful provocation for (re)considering how the ethics review might be enacted. Much of this criticism focuses on how ethics review boards _deliberate,_ with particular attention given to the lack of transparency and opportunities for researcher recourse that characterise ethics review processes. Centered specifically (...)
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  11.  21
    The Domestication of Critical Theory.Michael Thompson - 2015 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A critique of contemporary critical theory that traces transformative shifts in the discipline during the twentieth century and argues for a reformulation of critical theory in order to ensure the legacy of its political project.
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  12. Reconstructing republican freedom.Michael J. Thompson - 2013 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (3):277-298.
    This article presents a critique of Philip Pettit’s concept of ‘freedom as non-domination’ and provides an alternative theory of both domination and republican political freedom. I argue that Pettit’s neo-republican concept of domination is insufficient to confront modern forms of domination and that this hampers his concept of republican freedom and its political relevance under the conditions of modernity. Whereas the neo-republican account of domination is defined by ‘arbitrary interference’, modern forms of domination, I argue, are characterized by routinization and (...)
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  13. Three degrees of natural goodness.Michael Thompson - manuscript
    Philippa Foot’s Natural Goodness is among the most beautiful and moving works of moral philosophy yet produced in the analytic tradition. It is so much an integral whole that it will seem barbaric to do as I propose briefly to do, and put it to the scalpel. But Natural Goodness propounds a complex theory with many levels or strata, some of which even the author fails completely to distinguish. I will distinguish three strata, each depending logically on the one that (...)
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  14.  79
    Georg Lukacs Reconsidered: Critical Essays in Politics, Philosophy and Aesthetics.Michael Thompson (ed.) - 2011 - Continuum Intl Pub Group.
    An international team of contributors explore contemporary insights into the work of Georg Lukacs in political theory, aesthetics, ethics and social and ...
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  15.  24
    Hierarchy, social pathology and the failure of recognition theory.Michael J. Thompson - 2019 - European Journal of Social Theory 22 (1):10-26.
    This article argues that the dynamics behind the generation of social pathologies in modern society also undermine the social-relational framework for recognition. It therefore claims that the theory of recognition is impotent in face of the kinds of normative power exerted by social hierarchies. The article begins by discussing the particular forms of social pathology and their relation to hierarchical forms of social structure that are based on domination, control and subordination and then shows how the internalization of the norms (...)
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  16.  9
    Twilight of the Self: The Decline of the Individual in Late Capitalism.Michael J. Thompson - 2022 - Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
    In this new work, political theorist Michael J. Thompson argues that modern societies are witnessing a decline in one of the core building blocks of modernity: the autonomous self. Far from being an illusion of the Enlightenment, Thompson contends that the individual is a defining feature of the project to build a modern democratic culture and polity. One of the central reasons for its demise in recent decades has been the emergence of what he calls the cybernetic society, a cohesive (...)
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  17.  16
    Constructing Marxist Ethics: Critique, Normativity, Praxis.Michael Thompson (ed.) - 2015 - Boston: Brill.
    Constructing Marxist Ethics offers a series of compelling essays that reassess the role of ethics and moral values in Marxist theory and philosophy.
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  18.  13
    Cultural Theory’s contributions to climate science: reply to Hansson.Marco Verweij, Steven Ney & Michael Thompson - 2022 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 12 (2):1-13.
    In his article, ‘Social constructionism and climate science denial’, Hansson claims to present empirical evidence that the cultural theory developed by Dame Mary Douglas, Aaron Wildavsky and ourselves leads to science denial. In this reply, we show that there is no validity to these claims. First, we show that Hansson’s empirical evidence that cultural theory has led to climate science denial falls apart under closer inspection. Contrary to Hansson’s claims, cultural theory has made significant contributions to understanding and addressing climate (...)
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  19.  12
    Hegel’s Metaphysics and the Philosophy of Politics.Michael Thompson (ed.) - 2018 - New York: Routledge.
    The renaissance in Hegel scholarship over the past two decades has largely ignored or marginalized the metaphysical dimension of his thought, perhaps most vigorously when considering his social and political philosophy. Many scholars have consistently maintained that Hegel’s political philosophy must be reconstructed without the metaphysical structure that Hegel saw as his crowning philosophical achievement. This book brings together twelve original essays that explore the relation between Hegel’s metaphysics and his political, social, and practical philosophy. The essays seek to explore (...)
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  20. Autonomy and Common Good: Interpreting Rousseau’s General Will.Michael J. Thompson - 2017 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 25 (2):266-285.
    Rousseau’s project in his Social Contract was to construct a conception of human subjectivity and political institutions that would transcend what he saw to be the limits of liberal political theory of his time. I take this as a starting point to put forward an interpretation of his theory of the general will as a kind of social cognition that is able to preserve individual autonomy and freedom alongside concerns with the collective welfare of the community. But whereas many have (...)
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  21. You and I.Michael Thompson - unknown
    the first might be said by anyone,the second by anyone present, and the third by the injured party herself, Hannah. In particular, if Hannah is given to her own senses – in a mirror, for example – she herself might employ any of these three forms of predication.
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  22. Three Degrees of Natural Goodness (Discussion note, Iride).Michael Thompson - unknown
    Philippa Foot’s Natural Goodness is among the most beautiful and moving works of moral philosophy yet produced in the analytic tradition. It is so much an integral whole that it will seem barbaric to do as I propose briefly to do, and put it to the scalpel. But Natural Goodness propounds a complex theory with many levels or strata, some of which even the author fails completely to distinguish. I will distinguish three strata, each depending logically on the one that (...)
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  23. Axel Honneth and the neo-Idealist turn in critical theory.Michael J. Thompson - 2014 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 40 (8):779-797.
    I provide a critique of Axel Honneth’s theory of recognition by calling into question the extent to which recognitive relations are immune to the effects of social and economic power and their ability to shape consciousness and moral cognition. I maintain that as a theory of socialization, Honneth’s theory is inadequate to deal with the strong structural-functional forces that hold administrative-capitalist societies together. This has the effect of constituting subjectivity in particular ways, and this problem of the constitution of the (...)
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  24.  17
    Imagination in Kant's Critical Philosophy.Michael L. Thompson (ed.) - 2013 - Boston: Walter de Gruyter.
    Kant s view of the imagination is surrounded by one of the most salient and obscure discussions on his critical philosophy. Due to revisions and emendations and a seeming change in doctrine from the first to the third Critique, Kant s considered view of the imagination remains unclear. This collection of essays from Kant scholars illuminates the various treatments of imagination through its development in Kant s critical works. ".
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  25.  7
    Georg Lukács and the possibility of critical social ontology.Michael Thompson (ed.) - 2020 - Boston: Brill.
    Georg Lukács was one of the most important intellectuals and philosophers of the 20th century. His last great work was an systematic social ontology that was an attempt to ground an ethical and critical form of Marxism. This work has only now begun to attract the interest of critical theorists and philosophers intent on reconstructing a critical theory of society as well as a more sophisticated framework for Marxian philosophy. This collection of essays explores the concept of critical social ontology (...)
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  26.  7
    Introduction.Michael Thompson - 2008 - In Life and action: elementary structures of practice and practical thought. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. pp. 1-22.
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  27. Climate, imagination, Kant, and situational awareness.Michael Thompson - 2011 - Journal of Global Ethics 7 (2):137 - 147.
    The interstate highway system and environmental are seldom discussed conjointly in works on climate and sustainability programs. In this essay I employ a metaphor, likening the interstate system to environments, to illustrate a cognitive shortcoming, a failure of imagination, by the organisms found in both. I argue that several failures of the imagination combine to constitute a failure to be aware of the limitations of our situations and the parameters set by climatological considerations. However, by re-engaging with our environment through (...)
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  28.  23
    On the Ethical Dimensions of Waste.Michael J. Thompson - 2015 - Archiv für Rechts- und Sozialphilosophie 101 (2):252-269.
    I propose and outline an ethical theory of waste not as refuse or garbage, but rather as a property of activities and practices. On my account, waste results when resources are utilized in society in such a way that the maximum number of individuals within the community are unable to benefit from the collective resources and efforts of social activities. I point to three ethical “dimensions” of waste: socially unproductive activity, under-utilization of resources, and the mis-utilization or mis-direction of resources. (...)
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  29.  10
    Adorno's Reception of Weber and Lukács.Michael J. Thompson - 2019 - In Peter Eli Gordon (ed.), A companion to Adorno. Hoboken: Wiley. pp. 221–235.
    Adorno was deeply influenced by ideas about the rationalization of mass society and effects of commodification on consciousness. The work of Max Weber and Georg Lukács were dual influences that shaped much of Adorno's own work. He develops his critique of the “totally administered society” as a confluence of Weber's rationalization thesis as well as Lukács' theory of reification of consciousness due to the penetration of the commodity form into everyday life. But Adorno moves beyond these ideas by arguing that (...)
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  30.  11
    Strangers to Nature: Animal Lives and Human Ethics.Drucilla Cornell, Julian H. Franklin, Heather M. Kendrick, Eduardo Mendieta, Andrew Linzey, Paola Cavalieri, Rod Preece, Ted Benton, Michael J. Thompson, Michael Allen Fox, Lori Gruen, Ralph R. Acampora, Bernard Rollin & Peter Sloterdijk (eds.) - 2012 - Lexington Books.
    Strangers to Nature brings together many of the leading scholars who are working to redefine and expand the discourse on animal ethics. This volume will engage both scholars and lay-people by revealing the breadth of theorizing about the human/non-human animal relationship that is currently taking place.
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  31. Reification as an Ontological Concept.Michael J. Thompson - forthcoming - Metodo.
    In this paper, I outline the ways that reification as a pathology of what I call “cybernetic society” shapes the fundamental structures of the self and our shared social reality. Whereas the classical theory of reification was a diagnostic attempt to understand the failure of class consciousness, I believe we must push this thesis further to show how is fundamentally an ontological and not a merely cognitive or epistemic concern. By this I mean that it is a pathology of consciousness (...)
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  32.  12
    Critical theory in critical times: Transforming the global political and economic order.Michael J. Thompson - 2017 - Contemporary Political Theory 18 (4):284-289.
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  33. Notes & News.Connie Molnar, Dan Madigan & Michael Thompson - 2000 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 78 (4):595.
     
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  34.  22
    9. Two Tendencies in Practical Philosophy.Michael Thompson - 2008 - In Life and action: elementary structures of practice and practical thought. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. pp. 149-166.
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  35.  21
    Toward a critical social ontology.Michael J. Thompson - 2023 - Philosophical Forum 54 (1-2):61-78.
    I argue in this paper for a critical social ontology, or an approach to theorizing social reality and social institutions that is more than descriptive of social reality, but is also able to provide practical reasoning with an ontological dimension for judgment. At the heart of this idea is a different take on social metaphysics from most standard current accounts in that it begins with empirical, phylogenetic capacities of human beings for social practices (realizing abstract thought in the world) as (...)
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  36.  67
    2. Forms of Nature: “First,” “Second,” “Living,” “Rational,” and “Phronetic”.Michael Thompson - 2022 - In Matthew Boyle & Evgenia Mylonaki (eds.), Reason in Nature: New Essays on Themes From John Mcdowell. Harvard University Press. pp. 40-80.
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  37.  12
    Capitalism as Deficient Modernity.Michael J. Thompson - 2015 - Proceedings of the Hegel Society of America 22:117-132.
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  38.  14
    Propositional attitudes and propositional nexuses.Michael Thompson - 2012 - In Sebastian Rödl & Henning Tegtmeyer (eds.), Sinnkritisches Philosophieren. De Gruyter. pp. 231-248.
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  39. Alienation as Atrophied Moral Cognition and Its Implications for Political Behavior.Michael J. Thompson - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (3):301-321.
    I present a theory of alienation that accounts for the cognitive processes involved with moral thinking and political behavior in modern societies. On my account, alienation can be understood as a particular kind of atrophy of moral concepts and moral thinking that affect the ways individuals cognize and legitimate the social world and their place within it. Central to my argument is the thesis that modern forms of social integration—shaped by highly institutionalized, rationalized and hierarchical forms of social life—serve to (...)
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  40. 32. Rubbish Theory.Michael Thompson - 2014 - In Bernard Williams (ed.), Essays and Reviews: 1959-2002. Princeton: Princeton University Press. pp. 157-161.
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  41. The living individual and its kind.Michael Thompson - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):591-591.
    The empirical advances the target article makes over Atran (1990) tend not so much to enrich our knowledge of the “folk taxonomic” hierarchy as to militate against the idea of one. Folk-biological domain-specific universals are to be found not in “taxonomic” kind-kind subordination relations, but in the relation of individual organisms to low ranking kinds and in the peculiarities of those kinds.
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  42. Roots and role of imagination in Kant: Imagination at the core.Michael Thompson - unknown
    Kant's critical philosophy promises to overturn both Empiricism and Rationalism by arguing for the necessity of a passive faculty, sensibility, and an active faculty, understanding, in order for cognition to obtain. Kant argues in favor of sense impression found in standard empirical philosophies while advocating conceptual necessities like those found in rational philosophies. It is only in the synthesis of these two elements that cognition and knowledge claims are possible. However, by affirming such a dualism, Kant has created yet another (...)
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  43.  35
    "Natural Goodness" di Philippa Foot. Discussione.Piergiorgio Donatelli, Mario Ricciardi & Michael Thompson - 2003 - Iride: Filosofia e Discussione Pubblica 16 (1):179-200.
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  44.  28
    The German Aesthetic Tradition (review).Michael Thompson - 2003 - Philosophy and Literature 27 (2):478-480.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:Philosophy and Literature 27.2 (2003) 478-480 [Access article in PDF] The German Aesthetic Tradition,by Kai Hammermeister; xv & 259 pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002; $60.00 cloth; $22.00 paper. In some ways, aesthetic theory has become a thing of the past. With the exception of a kind of fascination with works such as T. W. Adorno's Aesthetic Theory, as a project, as a tradition, aesthetics has surrendered its once (...)
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  45.  10
    Radical intellectuals and the subversion of progressive politics: the betrayal of politics.Gregory R. Smulewicz-Zucker & Michael Thompson (eds.) - 2015 - New York, NY: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Radical Intellectuals and the Subversion of Progressive Politics is a challenge to contemporary radical politics and political thought. This collection of essays critiques the dominant trends and figures on the left that have distorted the legacy of progressive politics, arguing that they have moved politics away from issues of class and economic power toward a preoccupation with culture and identity. The contributors discuss this new radicalism from the perspective of a more rational form of leftism capable of reviving interest in (...)
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  46.  8
    Acknowledgments.Michael Thompson - 2008 - In Life and action: elementary structures of practice and practical thought. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. pp. 213-214.
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  47.  38
    8. Action and Time.Michael Thompson - 2008 - In Life and action: elementary structures of practice and practical thought. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. pp. 120-146.
  48.  8
    Anti-science and the assault on democracy: defending reason in a free society.Michael Thompson & Gregory R. Smulewicz-Zucker (eds.) - 2018 - Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.
    Defending the role that science must play in democratic society--science defined not just in terms of technology but as a way of approaching problems and viewing the world. In this collection of original essays, experts in political science, the hard sciences, philosophy, history, and other disciplines examine contemporary anti-science trends, and make a strong case that respect for science is essential for a healthy democracy. The editors note that a contradiction lies at the heart of modern society. On the one (...)
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  49. An Open-ended Conversation: Western and African Philosophy.Michael Thompson - 2008 - In F. Ochieng'-Odhiambo, Roxanne Burton & Ed Brandon (eds.), Conversations in Philosophy: Crossing the Boundaries. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 120.
  50.  20
    Beyond the vote: the crisis of American liberalism.Michael J. Thompson - 2004 - Logos. Anales Del Seminario de Metafísica [Universidad Complutense de Madrid, España] 3 (4).
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