Results for 'Michael S. Scott'

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  1.  51
    A Bird's Eye View: Biological Categorization and Reasoning Within and Across Cultures.Jeremy N. Bailenson, Michael S. Shum, Scott Atran, Douglas L. Medin & John D. Coley - 2002 - Cognition 84 (1):1-53.
    Many psychological studies of categorization and reasoning use undergraduates to make claims about human conceptualization. Generalizability of findings to other populations is often assumed but rarely tested. Even when comparative studies are conducted, it may be challenging to interpret differences. As a partial remedy, in the present studies we adopt a 'triangulation strategy' to evaluate the ways expertise and culturally different belief systems can lead to different ways of conceptualizing the biological world. We use three groups (US bird experts, US (...)
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  2. Essays on Ayn Rand's "We the Living".Michael S. Berliner, Andrew Bernstein, Jeff Britting, Dina Garmong, Onkar Ghate, John Lewis, Scott McConnell, Shoshana Milgram, Richard E. Ralston, John Ridpath, Tara Smith & Jena Trammell - 2004 - Lexington Books.
    Ayn Rand's first novel, We the Living, offers an early form of the author's nascent philosophy—the philosophy Rand later called Objectivism. Robert Mayhew's collection of entirely new essays brings together pre-eminent scholars of Rand's writing. In part a history of We the Living, from its earliest drafts to the Italian film later based upon it, Mayhew's collection goes on to explore the enduring significance of Rand's first novel as a work both of philosophy and of literature.
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  3.  46
    Introduction: Sharing Data in a Medical Information Commons.Amy L. McGuire, Mary A. Majumder, Angela G. Villanueva, Jessica Bardill, Juli M. Bollinger, Eric Boerwinkle, Tania Bubela, Patricia A. Deverka, Barbara J. Evans, Nanibaa' A. Garrison, David Glazer, Melissa M. Goldstein, Henry T. Greely, Scott D. Kahn, Bartha M. Knoppers, Barbara A. Koenig, J. Mark Lambright, John E. Mattison, Christopher O'Donnell, Arti K. Rai, Laura L. Rodriguez, Tania Simoncelli, Sharon F. Terry, Adrian M. Thorogood, Michael S. Watson, John T. Wilbanks & Robert Cook-Deegan - 2019 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 47 (1):12-20.
    Drawing on a landscape analysis of existing data-sharing initiatives, in-depth interviews with expert stakeholders, and public deliberations with community advisory panels across the U.S., we describe features of the evolving medical information commons. We identify participant-centricity and trustworthiness as the most important features of an MIC and discuss the implications for those seeking to create a sustainable, useful, and widely available collection of linked resources for research and other purposes.
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  4.  5
    Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Deep Brain Stimulation Think Tank: Advances in Cutting Edge Technologies, Artificial Intelligence, Neuromodulation, Neuroethics, Pain, Interventional Psychiatry, Epilepsy, and Traumatic Brain Injury.Joshua K. Wong, Günther Deuschl, Robin Wolke, Hagai Bergman, Muthuraman Muthuraman, Sergiu Groppa, Sameer A. Sheth, Helen M. Bronte-Stewart, Kevin B. Wilkins, Matthew N. Petrucci, Emilia Lambert, Yasmine Kehnemouyi, Philip A. Starr, Simon Little, Juan Anso, Ro’ee Gilron, Lawrence Poree, Giridhar P. Kalamangalam, Gregory A. Worrell, Kai J. Miller, Nicholas D. Schiff, Christopher R. Butson, Jaimie M. Henderson, Jack W. Judy, Adolfo Ramirez-Zamora, Kelly D. Foote, Peter A. Silburn, Luming Li, Genko Oyama, Hikaru Kamo, Satoko Sekimoto, Nobutaka Hattori, James J. Giordano, Diane DiEuliis, John R. Shook, Darin D. Doughtery, Alik S. Widge, Helen S. Mayberg, Jungho Cha, Kisueng Choi, Stephen Heisig, Mosadolu Obatusin, Enrico Opri, Scott B. Kaufman, Prasad Shirvalkar, Christopher J. Rozell, Sankaraleengam Alagapan, Robert S. Raike, Hemant Bokil, David Green & Michael S. Okun - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    DBS Think Tank IX was held on August 25–27, 2021 in Orlando FL with US based participants largely in person and overseas participants joining by video conferencing technology. The DBS Think Tank was founded in 2012 and provides an open platform where clinicians, engineers and researchers can freely discuss current and emerging deep brain stimulation technologies as well as the logistical and ethical issues facing the field. The consensus among the DBS Think Tank IX speakers was that DBS expanded in (...)
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  5.  29
    On Hart's Category Mistake.Michael S. Green - 2013 - Legal Theory 19 (4):347-369.
    This essay concerns Scott Shapiro's criticism that H.L.A. Hart's theory of law suffers from a Although other philosophers of law have summarily dismissed Shapiro's criticism, I argue that it identifies an important requirement for an adequate theory of law. Such a theory must explain why legal officials justify their actions by reference to abstract propositional entities, instead of pointing to the existence of social practices. A virtue of Shapiro's planning theory of law is that it can explain this phenomenon. (...)
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  6.  23
    How Can a Line Segment with Extension Be Composed of Extensionless Points?Brian Reese, Michael Vazquez & Scott Weinstein - 2022 - Synthese 200 (2):1-28.
    We provide a new interpretation of Zeno’s Paradox of Measure that begins by giving a substantive account, drawn from Aristotle’s text, of the fact that points lack magnitude. The main elements of this account are the Axiom of Archimedes which states that there are no infinitesimal magnitudes, and the principle that all assignments of magnitude, or lack thereof, must be grounded in the magnitude of line segments, the primary objects to which the notion of linear magnitude applies. Armed with this (...)
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  7.  7
    A Theory and Model of Conflict Detection in Air Traffic Control: Incorporating Environmental Constraints.Shayne Loft, Scott Bolland, Michael S. Humphreys & Andrew Neal - 2009 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 15 (2):106-124.
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  8. Developing a State University System Model to Diversify Faculty in the Biomedical Sciences.Robin Herlands Cresiski, Cynthia Anne Ghent, Janet C. Rutledge, Wendy Y. Carter-Veale, Jennifer Aumiller, John Carlo Bertot, Blessing Enekwe, Erin Golembewski, Yarazeth Medina & Michael S. Scott - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 13.
    Amid increasing demands from students and the public, universities have recently reinvigorated their efforts to increase the number of faculty from underrepresented populations. Although a myriad of piecemeal programs targeting individual recruitment and development have been piloted at several institutions, overall growth in faculty diversity remains almost negligible and highly localized. To bring about genuine change, we hypothesize a consortia approach that links individuals to hiring opportunities within a state university system might be more effective. Here we present a case (...)
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  9.  7
    Book Review: Michael S. Burdett, Eschatology and the Technological FutureBurdettMichael S., Eschatology and the Technological Future Routledge Studies in Religion . Xiii + 251 Pp. £95.00. ISBN 978-1-138-82633-5. [REVIEW]Peter Manley Scott - 2017 - Studies in Christian Ethics 30 (3):348-350.
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  10. 1. Preface Preface (P. Vii).Michael Dickson, Don Howard, Scott Tanona, Mathias Frisch, Eric Winsberg, Arnold Koslow, Paul Teller, Ronald N. Giere, Mary S. Morgan & Mauricio Suárez - 2004 - Philosophy of Science 71 (5).
  11.  12
    1. Between Frege and Peirce: Josiah Royce's Structural Logicism Between Frege and Peirce: Josiah Royce's Structural Logicism (Pp. 155-177). [REVIEW]J. Brent Crouch, Michael Scanlan, Scott L. Pratt, Robert W. Burch & Phillip Deen - 2010 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 46 (2):178.
  12.  2
    Interdisciplinary Lessons Learned While Researching Fake News.Char Sample, Michael J. Jensen, Keith Scott, John McAlaney, Steve Fitchpatrick, Amanda Brockinton, David Ormrod & Amy Ormrod - 2020 - Frontiers in Psychology 11.
    The misleading and propagandistic tendencies in American news reporting have been a part of public discussion from its earliest days as a republic. “Fake news” is hardly new, and the term has been applied to a variety of distinct phenomenon ranging from satire to news, which one may find disagreeable. However, this problem has become increasingly acute in recent years with the Macquarie Dictionary declaring “fake news” the word of the year in 2016. The international recognition of fake news as (...)
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  13.  7
    Correcting Memory Improves Accuracy of Predicted Task Duration.Michael M. Roy, Scott T. Mitten & Nicholas J. S. Christenfeld - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 14 (3):266-275.
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  14.  6
    Online Developmental Science to Foster Innovation, Access, and Impact.Mark Sheskin, Kimberly Scott, Candice M. Mills, Elika Bergelson, Elizabeth Bonawitz, Elizabeth S. Spelke, Li Fei-Fei, Frank C. Keil, Hyowon Gweon, Joshua B. Tenenbaum, Julian Jara-Ettinger, Karen E. Adolph, Marjorie Rhodes, Michael C. Frank, Samuel A. Mehr & Laura Schulz - 2020 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 24 (9):675-678.
  15. What’s in the Two Envelope Paradox?Alexander D. Scott & Michael Scott - 1997 - Analysis 57 (1):34–41.
  16.  53
    St. Anselm's Ontological Argument as Expressive: A Wittgensteinian Reconstruction.Scott Aikin & Michael Hodges - 2014 - Philosophical Investigations 37 (2):130-151.
    We offer a reading of Anselm's Ontological Argument inspired by Wittgenstein which focuses on the fact that the “argument” occurs in a prayer addressed to God, making it a strange argument since as a prayer it seems to presuppose its conclusion. We reconstruct the argument as expressive. Within the religious perspective, the issues are to be focused on the right object not to present an argument for the existence of God. While this sort of reading lets us understand much about (...)
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  17.  99
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue Part 1: Conceptual and Definitional Issues in Psychiatric Diagnosis. [REVIEW]Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley & Peter Zachar - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:1-29.
    In face of the multiple controversies surrounding the DSM process in general and the development of DSM-5 in particular, we have organized a discussion around what we consider six essential questions in further work on the DSM. The six questions involve: 1) the nature of a mental disorder; 2) the definition of mental disorder; 3) the issue of whether, in the current state of psychiatric science, DSM-5 should assume a cautious, conservative posture or an assertive, transformative posture; 4) the role (...)
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  18.  34
    Jacopo Tintoretto's Altarpiece of St Agnes at the Madonna Dell'orto in Venice and the Memorialisation of Cardinal Contarini.Michael Douglas-Scott - 1997 - Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 60:130-163.
  19.  23
    Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola, Johanan Alemanno, Al-Ghazālī's The Niche of Lights.Scott Michael Girdner - 2018 - Philosophy East and West 68 (2):371-385.
    From both popular and scholarly works, the images Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad alGhazālī and Giovanni Pico della Mirandola often emerge in stark contrast: Ghazali, as the champion of mystical Islam, purportedly undermined philosophy in the Muslim world with The Incoherence of the Philosophers, a critique of his predecessors in the Arabic philosophical tradition such as al-Fārābī and Ibn Sīnā.1 In contradistinction to Ghazali's alleged destruction of philosophy, Pico della Mirandola seemingly wrote the manifesto of philosophy's rebirth in the Italian Renaissance with (...)
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  20.  51
    Molyneux's Problem: Three Centuries of Discussion on the Perception of Forms. Marjolein Degenaar, Michael J. Collins.J. Scott Hauger - 1997 - Isis 88 (4):701-702.
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  21.  26
    Ryan's Petronius Petronius: Cena Trimalchionis. Translated and Edited, with Introduction, Notes, Etc. By Michael J. Byan. London and Felling-on-Tyne: Walter Scott Publishing Co., Ltd. Pp. Xlii + 284. 1905. 3s. 6d. [REVIEW]Walter C. Summers - 1906 - The Classical Review 20 (05):273-274.
  22.  4
    Michael Polyani: Scientist and Philosopher—William Taussig Scott and Martin X. Moleski. [REVIEW]S. Joseph W. Koterski - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):123-125.
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  23.  41
    Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Action.Michael Scott - 1996 - Philosophical Quarterly 46 (184):347-363.
  24.  42
    When Does Ethical Code Enforcement Matter in the Inter-Organizational Context? The Moderating Role of Switching Costs.Scott R. Colwell, Michael J. Zyphur & Marshall Schminke - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):47-58.
    Drawing on signaling theory, we suggest that a supplier’s enforcement of ethical codes sends signals about the supplier that affect a buyer’s decision to continue their commitment to the supplier. We then draw on side-bet theory to hypothesize how switching costs influence the importance of a supplier’s enforcement of ethical codes in predicting a buyer’s continuance commitment to a supplier. We empirically test our model with data from 158 purchasing managers across three manufacturing industries. Results confirm the connection between ethical (...)
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  25.  45
    Michael Polanyi's Humor.Drusilla Scott - 1985 - Tradition and Discovery 13 (2):37-38.
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  26.  6
    Eve Sedgwick’s “Other Materials”: For Jonathan Goldberg and Michael Moon, in Appreciation.Scott Herring - 2018 - Angelaki 23 (1):5-18.
    “Eve Sedgwick’s ‘Other Materials’” refers to a graduate seminar that Sedgwick offered at the CUNY Graduate Center entitled “How to Do Things with Words and Other Materials.” As its title suggests, her seminar advanced Sedgwick’s enduring “FASCINATION” with “MAKING UNSPEAKING OBJECTS” of all sorts, which elsewhere included the body’s organic and inorganic waste. Taking a cue from her teaching, I suggest that, while critics have extensively detailed Sedgwick’s contributions to literary interpretation, sexuality, gender, affect, and performativity, we should also appreciate (...)
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  27.  28
    Ostracism (S.) Forsdyke Exile, Ostracism, and Democracy. The Politics of Expulsion in Ancient Greece. Pp. Xvi + 344. Princeton and Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2005. Cased, £29.95, US$45. ISBN: 978-0-691-11975-5. [REVIEW]Michael C. Scott - 2011 - The Classical Review 61 (2):528-530.
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  28.  57
    The Context of Wittgenstein's Philosophy of Action.Michael Scott - 1998 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 36 (4):595-617.
  29. Gulliver's Travels. In the Series The Critics Debate.Brian Tippett & Michael Scott - 1990 - Utopian Studies 1 (2):167-169.
  30.  77
    The Six Most Essential Questions in Psychiatric Diagnosis: A Pluralogue. Part 4: General Conclusion.Allen Frances, Michael A. Cerullo, John Chardavoyne, Hannah S. Decker, Michael B. First, Nassir Ghaemi, Gary Greenberg, Andrew C. Hinderliter, Warren A. Kinghorn, Steven G. LoBello, Elliott B. Martin, Aaron L. Mishara, Joel Paris, Joseph M. Pierre, Ronald W. Pies, Harold A. Pincus, Douglas Porter, Claire Pouncey, Michael A. Schwartz, Thomas Szasz, Jerome C. Wakefield, G. Scott Waterman, Owen Whooley, Peter Zachar & James Phillips - 2012 - Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 7:14-.
    In the conclusion to this multi-part article I first review the discussions carried out around the six essential questions in psychiatric diagnosis – the position taken by Allen Frances on each question, the commentaries on the respective question along with Frances’ responses to the commentaries, and my own view of the multiple discussions. In this review I emphasize that the core question is the first – what is the nature of psychiatric illness – and that in some manner all further (...)
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  31.  46
    On John Allen's Critique of Induction.Lawrence A. Kelley & Michael Scott - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (9):860-861.
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  32.  9
    C. Y. Thomas’s Thinking and Perspectives on CARICOM.Michael E. Scott - 2016 - CLR James Journal 22 (1-2):255-270.
  33. After the Deluge: New Perspectives on the Intellectual and Cultural History of Postwar France.Michael Behrent, David Berry, Lucia Bonfreschi, Warren Breckman, Michael Scott Christofferson, Stuart Elden, William Gallois, Ron Haas, Ethan Kleinberg, Samuel Moyn, Philippe Poirrier, Christophe Premat & Alan D. Schrift (eds.) - 2004 - Lexington Books.
    Motivated by a desire to narrate and contextualize the deluge of "French theory," After the Deluege showcases recent work by today's brightest scholars of French intellectual history that historicizes key debates, figures, and turning points in the postwar era of French thought.
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  34.  17
    The Effects of Inescapable Shock on the Retention of a Previously Learned Response in an Appetitive Situation with Delay of Reinforcement.Richard S. Calef, Michael C. Choban, Jim P. Shaver, Jack D. Dye & E. Scott Geller - 1986 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 24 (3):213-216.
  35.  54
    Review of Drusilla Scott's Everyman Revived: The Common Sense of Michael Polanyi. [REVIEW]Harry Prosch - 1985 - Tradition and Discovery 13 (2):20-22.
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  36.  49
    Review of Bill Scott's Essay on Michael Polanyi's Creativity in Chemistry. [REVIEW]Joan Crewdson - 1983 - Tradition and Discovery 11 (1):19-21.
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  37.  10
    William Taussig Scott;, Martin X. Moleski, S. J. Michael Polanyi: Scientist and Philosopher. Xiii + 364 Pp., Bibl., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005. $45. [REVIEW]Mikuláš Teich - 2007 - Isis 98 (4):880-881.
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  38. Why Do We Believe Humans Matter More Than Other Animals?Scott Hill & Michael Bertrand - 2020 - Journal of Applied Animal Ethics Research:1 - 8.
    Some recent psychological studies suggest that the belief that humans matter more than other animals can be strengthened by cognitive dissonance. Jaquet (forthcom- ing) argues that some of these studies also show that the relevant belief is primar- ily caused by cognitive dissonance and is therefore subject to a debunking argument. We offer an alternative hypothesis according to which we are already speciesist but cognitive dissonance merely enhances our speciesism. We argue that our hypothesis explains the results of the studies (...)
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  39. Critical Notice of Scott Soames, Beyond Rigidity.Michael Mckinsey - 2005 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (1):149-168.
    In this admirable book, Scott Soames provides well defended answers to some of the most difficult and important questions in the philosophy of language, and he does so with characteristic thoroughness, clarity, and rigor. The book's title is appropriate, since it does indeed go ‘beyond rigidity’ in many ways. Among other things, Soames does the following in the course of the book. He persuasively argues that the main thesis of Kripke's Naming and Necessity—that ordinary names are rigid designators—can be (...)
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  40.  10
    The Effects of Noncontingent Reinforcement on the Behavior of a Previously Learned Running Response.Richard S. Calef, Michael C. Choban, Marcus W. Dickson, Paul D. Newman, Maureen Boyle, Nikki D. Baxa & E. Scott Geller - 1989 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 27 (3):263-266.
  41.  11
    Effects of Unsolvable Anagrams on Retention.Richard S. Calef, Michael C. Choban, Ruth Ann Calef, Roberta L. Brand, Malcolm J. Rogers & E. Scott Geller - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (2):164-166.
  42.  11
    Andrew Moore and Michael Scott (Eds) Realism and Religion: Philosophical and Theological Perspectives . (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007). Pp. 163. £55.00 (Hbk), £16.99 (Pbk). Isbn 9780754652328. [REVIEW]Victoria S. Harrison - 2010 - Religious Studies 46 (1):125-130.
  43. Nagel on Public Education and Intelligent Design.Scott F. Aikin, Michael Harbour & Robert B. Talisse - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:209-219.
    In a recent article, Thomas Nagel argues against the court’s decision to strike down the Dover school district’s requirement that biology teachers in Dover public schools inform their students about Intelligent Design. Nagel contends that this ruling relies on questionable demarcation between science and nonscience and consequently misapplies the Establishment Clause of the constitution. Instead, he argues in favor of making room for an open discussion of these issues rather than an outright prohibition against Intelligent Design. We contend that Nagel’s (...)
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  44.  19
    Switching Costs as a Potential Motivator of Organizational Decoupling of Ethical Supplier Commitments.Scott R. Colwell & Michael J. Zyphur - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:9-11.
    Over the last decade, the news media have reported on corporate scandals involving high-profile organizations such as Arthur Anderson, AOL Time Warner,Enron, Halliburton, Kmart, and Xerox. In 2001, the Conference Board of Canada noted that supplier relationships represent some of the most common ethical problems in the private sector, and estimated that 95% of corporations in the United States and 86% of corporations in Canada have implemented ethical codes of conduct and are espousing their commitment to building relationship with ethical (...)
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  45.  3
    Michael Panaretos in Context. A Historiographical Study of the Chronicle On the Emperors of Trebizond.Scott Kennedy - 2019 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 112 (3):899-934.
    It has often been said it would be impossible to write the history of the empire of Trebizond without the terse and often frustratingly laconic chronicle of the Grand Komnenoi by the protonotarios of Alexios III, Michael Panaretos. While recent scholarship has infinitely enhanced our knowledge of the world in which Panaretos lived, it has been approximately seventy years since a scholar dedicated a historiographical study to the text. This study examines the world that Panaretos wanted posterity to see, (...)
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  46.  38
    Constituents of Political Cognition: Race, Party Politics, and the Alliance Detection System.David Pietraszewski, Oliver Scott Curry, Michael Bang Petersen, Leda Cosmides & John Tooby - 2015 - Cognition 140:24-39.
    Research suggests that the mind contains a set of adaptations for detecting alliances: an alliance detection system, which monitors for, encodes, and stores alliance information and then modifies the activation of stored alliance categories according to how likely they will predict behavior within a particular social interaction. Previous studies have established the activation of this system when exposed to explicit competition or cooperation between individuals. In the current studies we examine if shared political opinions produce these same effects. In particular, (...)
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  47.  25
    What's in a Name? Conceptual Confusion About Death and Consent in Donation After Cardiac Determination of Death.Mark D. Fox, Rachel Budavich, Scott Gelfand, Michael R. Gomez, Ric T. Munoz & Jan Slater - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):12-14.
  48.  9
    Nagel on Public Education and Intelligent Design.Scott F. Aikin, Michael Harbour & Robert B. Talisse - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Research 35:209-219.
    In a recent article, Thomas Nagel argues against the court’s decision to strike down the Dover school district’s requirement that biology teachers in Dover public schools inform their students about Intelligent Design. Nagel contends that this ruling relies on questionable demarcation between science and nonscience and consequently misapplies the Establishment Clause of the constitution. Instead, he argues in favor of making room for an open discussion of these issues rather than an outright prohibition against Intelligent Design. We contend that Nagel’s (...)
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  49.  5
    Giovanni Pico Della Mirandola, Johanan Alemanno, and The Book of Love by Al-Ghazāli.Scott Michael Girdner - 2018 - Philosophy East and West 68 (3):683-701.
    This is the second of two articles describing the influence of Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad al-Ghazālī on Giovanni Pico della Mirandola. The first article critically analyzed common and contrasting images of Ghazali, often presented as the religiously motivated destroyer of philosophy in Islamic traditions,1 and Pico della Mirandola, who is romantically associated with philosophy's "rebirth" in the Italian Renaissance.2 In fact, both Pico della Mirandola and Ghazali attempted to create a coherent synthesis of philosophical and religious tradition; and the first article (...)
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  50.  24
    The Morality of Theodicies.Michael Scott - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (1):1 - 13.
    Kenneth Surin has argued that theoretical theodicies of the kind associated with Swinburne and Hick face two major moral criticisms: first that they tacitly sanction evils; second that they display moral blindness in the face of unconditional evils. The paper upholds Surin's criticisms in the light of recent defences of theodicy. It concludes by considering and criticizing Wetzel's arguments for saying that theodicy is unavoidable for those who believe in God.
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