Results for 'Michael S. Davis'

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  1.  14
    Computational modeling of interventions for developmental disorders.Michael S. C. Thomas, Anna Fedor, Rachael Davis, Juan Yang, Hala Alireza, Tony Charman, Jackie Masterson & Wendy Best - 2019 - Psychological Review 126 (5):693-726.
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  2.  27
    Ethics Across the Curriculum—Pedagogical Perspectives.Elaine E. Englehardt, Michael S. Pritchard, Robert Baker, Michael D. Burroughs, José A. Cruz-Cruz, Randall Curren, Michael Davis, Aine Donovan, Deni Elliott, Karin D. Ellison, Challie Facemire, William J. Frey, Joseph R. Herkert, Karlana June, Robert F. Ladenson, Christopher Meyers, Glen Miller, Deborah S. Mower, Lisa H. Newton, David T. Ozar, Alan A. Preti, Wade L. Robison, Brian Schrag, Alan Tomhave, Phyllis Vandenberg, Mark Vopat, Sandy Woodson, Daniel E. Wueste & Qin Zhu - 2018 - Cham: Springer Verlag.
    Late in 1990, the Center for the Study of Ethics in the Professions at Illinois Institute of Technology (lIT) received a grant of more than $200,000 from the National Science Foundation to try a campus-wide approach to integrating professional ethics into its technical curriculum.! Enough has now been accomplished to draw some tentative conclusions. I am the grant's principal investigator. In this paper, I shall describe what we at lIT did, what we learned, and what others, especially philosophers, can learn (...)
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  3.  16
    Ethics.Penelope Davies & Michael S. Brady - 2005 - Philosophical Books 46 (3):284-286.
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  4.  57
    Engineering Ethics: Looking Back, Looking Forward.Richard A. Burgess, Michael Davis, Marilyn A. Dyrud, Joseph R. Herkert, Rachelle D. Hollander, Lisa Newton, Michael S. Pritchard & P. Aarne Vesilind - 2013 - Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (3):1395-1404.
    The eight pieces constituting this Meeting Report are summaries of presentations made during a panel session at the 2011 Association for Practical and Professional Ethics (APPE) annual meeting held between March 3rd and 6th in Cincinnati. Lisa Newton organized the session and served as chair. The panel of eight consisted both of pioneers in the field and more recent arrivals. It covered a range of topics from how the field has developed to where it should be going, from identification of (...)
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  5.  20
    Introduction: Exigent decision-making in engineering.Michael Pritchard, Taft H. Broome, Vivian Weil, Michael S. Pritchard, Joseph R. Herkert, Michael Davis & Taft Broome - 1999 - Science and Engineering Ethics 5 (4):541-567.
  6.  13
    Remembering Vivian Weil.Rachelle D. Hollander, Michael Davis, Deni Elliott & Michael S. Pritchard - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (3):637-651.
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  7.  26
    Response to "ordinary reasonable care is not the minimum for engineers" (m. davis).Michael S. Pritchard - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):291-297.
  8.  45
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Nora K. Bell, Samantha J. Brennan, William F. Bristow, Diana H. Coole, Justin DArms, Michael S. Davis, Daniel A. Dombrowski, John J. P. Donnelly, Anthony J. Ellis, Mark C. Fowler, Alan E. Fuchs, Chris Hackler, Garth L. Hallett, Rita C. Manning, Kevin E. Olson, Lansing R. Pollock, Marc Lee Raphael, Robert A. Sedler, Charlene Haddock Seigfried, Kristin S. Schrader‐Frechette, Anita Silvers, Doran Smolkin, Alan G. Soble, James P. Sterba, Stephen P. Turner & Eric Watkins - 2001 - Ethics 111 (2):446-459.
  9.  4
    New Perspectives on Keynes.Allin Cottrell & Michael S. Lawlor (eds.) - 1995 - Duke University Press.
    Interest in John Maynard Keynes has increased significantly over the past decade with the publication of his collected writings, increased access to his unpublished papers, and the resulting explosion of secondary literature. Responding to this renewed attention, this collection brings together economists and historians of economics with scholars from philosophy and other related fields to reconsider Keynes’s work and its legacy. Several of these essays look at Keynes not simply as an economist, but more broadly as a philosopher. Special attention (...)
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  10.  7
    Response to "ordinary reasonable care is not the minimum for engineers" (M. Davis).Professor Michael S. Pritchard - 2001 - Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):291-297.
  11.  30
    A systematic review of empirical bioethics methodologies.Rachel Davies, Jonathan C. S. Ives & Michael Dunn - 2015 - BMC Medical Ethics 16 (1):15.
    Despite the increased prevalence of bioethics research that seeks to use empirical data to answer normative research questions, there is no consensus as to what an appropriate methodology for this would be. This review aims to search the literature, present and critically discuss published Empirical Bioethics methodologies.
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  12.  2
    Education, Ethics and Experience: Essays in Honour of Richard Pring.Michael Hand & Richard Davies (eds.) - 2015 - New York: Routledge.
    _Education, Ethics and Experience_ is a collection of original philosophical essays celebrating the work of one of the most influential philosophers of education of the last 40 years. Richard Pring’s substantial body of work has addressed topics ranging from curriculum integration to the comprehensive ideal, vocational education to faith schools, professional development to the privatisation of education, moral seriousness to the nature of educational research. The twelve essays collected here explore and build on Pring’s treatment of topics that are central (...)
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  13.  43
    Coherence in the Visual Imagination.Michael O. Vertolli, Matthew A. Kelly & Jim Davies - 2018 - Cognitive Science 42 (3):885-917.
    An incoherent visualization is when aspects of different senses of a word are present in the same visualization. We describe and implement a new model of creating contextual coherence in the visual imagination called Coherencer, based on the SOILIE model of imagination. We show that Coherencer is able to generate scene descriptions that are more coherent than SOILIE's original approach as well as a parallel connectionist algorithm that is considered competitive in the literature on general coherence. We also show that (...)
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  14. The Making of Robert Boyle' s Free Enquiry into the Vulgarly Receiv'd Notion of Nature.Michael Hunter & Edward B. Davis - 1996 - Early Science and Medicine 1 (2):204-268.
    This study throws new light on the composition of Boyle's Free Enquiry into the Vulgarly Receiv'd Notion of Nature ; it also draws more general conclusions about Boyle's methods as an author and his links with his context. Its basis is a careful study of the extant manuscript drafts for the work, and their relationship with the published editions. Section 2 describes Boyle's characteristic method of composition from the late 1650s onwards, involving the dictation of discrete sections of text to (...)
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  15.  18
    Odor-based double-alternation responding and retention as a function of naloxone injection.Stephen F. Davis, Michael M. Dudeck & Melanie S. Weaver - 1981 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 18 (5):275-277.
  16.  9
    Special Supplement: What Could Have Saved John Worthy?Fran Davis, Edward R. Post, Connie S. Rogers, Michael Depp, Peter Ferrell & Jane Worthy - 1998 - Hastings Center Report 28 (4):S1.
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  17.  11
    Epic and Sedition: The Case of Ferdowsi's Sh'hn'mehEpic and Sedition: The Case of Ferdowsi's Shahnameh.Michael Beard & Dick Davis - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (2):336.
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  18.  6
    Writing the poetic soul of philosophy: essays in honor of Michael Davis.Michael Davis & Denise Schaeffer (eds.) - 2019 - South Bend, Indiana: St. Augustine's Press.
    What is it about the nature of "soul" that makes it so difficult to adequately capture its complexity in a strictly discursive account? Why do some of the most profound human experiences elude our attempts to theorize them? How can a written document do justice to the dynamic activity of thinking, as opposed to merely presenting a collection of thoughts-as-artifacts? Finally, what can we learn about the activity of philosophizing, and about the human soul, by reflecting on the possibilities and (...)
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  19.  8
    Recidivist Punishments: The Philosopher's View.Peter Asp, Christopher Bennett, Peter Cave, J. Angelo Corlett, Richard Dagger, Michael Davis, Anthony Ellis, Thomas S. Petersen, Julian V. Roberts & Torbjörn Tännsjö (eds.) - 2011 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Much has been written about recidivist punishments, particularly within the area of criminology. However there is a notorious lack of penal philosophical reflection on this issue. This book attempts to fill that gap by presenting the philosopher’s view on this matter as a way of furthering the debate on recidivist punishments.
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  20.  5
    Knowledge and Pedagogy: The Sociology of Basil Bernstein.Brian Davies, Michael W. Apple, Fiona Close-Thomas, Philip Wexler, M. A. Halliday, Arnold Danzig, Ruqaiya Hasan & Jose L. Illera - 1995 - Praeger.
    Thematically organized around the major concerns of Basil Bernstein's work as a sociologist, this book includes chapters from some of the leading sociologists and educational scholars. Each section attempts to provide a critical evaluation of Bernstein's work, framed within four interrelated contexts: his sociological theory, sociology of language and code theory, sociology of education and social reproduction, and the influence of his sociology on educational research. In a separate section, Bernstein himself responds to the earlier chapters. The book examines Bernstein's (...)
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  21.  30
    Nozick's argument for the legitimacy of the welfare state.Michael Davis - 1987 - Ethics 97 (3):576-594.
  22.  26
    The Mysterious Ethics of High-Frequency Trading.Ricky Cooper, Michael Davis & Ben Van Vliet - 2016 - Business Ethics Quarterly 26 (1):1-22.
    ABSTRACT:The ethics of high frequency trading are obscure, due in part to the complexity of the practice. This article contributes to the existing literature of ethics in financial markets by examining a recent trend in regulation in high frequency trading, the prohibition of deception. We argue that in the financial markets almost any regulation, other than the most basic, tends to create a moral hazard and increase information asymmetry. Since the market’s job is, at least in part, price discovery, we (...)
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  23.  18
    Beyond Criticism of Ethics Review Boards: Strategies for Engaging Research Communities and Enhancing Ethical Review Processes.Andrew Hickey, Samantha Davis, Will Farmer, Julianna Dawidowicz, Clint Moloney, Andrea Lamont-Mills, Jess Carniel, Yosheen Pillay, David Akenson, Annette Brömdal, Richard Gehrmann, Dean Mills, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Tanya Machin, Suzanne Reich, Kim Southey, Lynda Crowley-Cyr, Taiji Watanabe, Josh Davenport, Rohit Hirani, Helena King, Roshini Perera, Lucy Williams, Kurt Timmins, Michael Thompson, Douglas Eacersall & Jacinta Maxwell - 2022 - Journal of Academic Ethics 20 (4):549-567.
    A growing body of literature critical of ethics review boards has drawn attention to the processes used to determine the ethical merit of research. Citing criticism on the bureaucratic nature of ethics review processes, this literature provides a useful provocation for (re)considering how the ethics review might be enacted. Much of this criticism focuses on how ethics review boards _deliberate,_ with particular attention given to the lack of transparency and opportunities for researcher recourse that characterise ethics review processes. Centered specifically (...)
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  24.  71
    What’s philosophically interesting about engineering ethics?Michael Davis - 2003 - Science and Engineering Ethics 9 (3):353-361.
    What makes a subject philosophically interesting is hard-to-resolve confusion about fundamental concepts. Engineering ethics suffers from at least three such fundamental confusions. First, there is confusion about what the “ethics” in engineering ethics is (ordinary morality, philosophical ethics, special standards, or something else?) Second, there is confusion about what the profession of engineering is (a function, discipline, occupation, kind of organization, or something else?) Third, there is confusion about what the discipline of engineering is. These fundamental confusions in engineering ethics (...)
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  25. Kant's Fourth Defense of Freedom of Expression 3.Michael Davis - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):13-29.
  26.  22
    Engineering Ethics in China.Hengli Zhang & Michael Davis - 2018 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 37 (1):105-135.
    This article describes China’s century-long concern with the professional ethics of engineers, especially a succession of codes of engineering ethics going back at least to 1933. This description is the result both of our own archival research and of “philosophical history”, the application of concepts from the philosophy of professions to the facts historians (or we) have discovered. Engineers, historians, social scientists, and philosophers of technology, as well as students of professional ethics, should find this description interesting. It certainly provides (...)
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  27.  36
    Engineering Ethics in China.Hengli Zhang & Michael Davis - 2018 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 37 (1):105-135.
    This article describes China’s century-long concern with the professional ethics of engineers, especially a succession of codes of engineering ethics going back at least to 1933. This description is the result both of our own archival research and of “philosophical history”, the application of concepts from the philosophy of professions to the facts historians have discovered. Engineers, historians, social scientists, and philosophers of technology, as well as students of professional ethics, should find this description interesting. It certainly provides a reason (...)
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  28.  21
    The Poetry of Philosophy: On Aristotle's Poetics.Michael Davis - 1999 - Carthage Reprint.
    Although Aristotle's Poetics is the most frequently read of his works, philosophers and political theorists have, for the most part, left analysis of the text to literary critics and classicists. In this book Michael Davis argues convincingly that in addition to teaching us something about poetry, Poetics contains an understanding of the common structure of human action and human thought that connects it to Aristotle's other writings on politics and morality. Davis demonstrates that the duality of Poetics (...)
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  29.  76
    Locke’s Political Society.Michael Davis - 2014 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 11 (2):209-231.
    This paper not only describes a confusing network of terms, thus defining a problem of interpretation, but also partially solves the problem. One result is that Locke turns out to differ in at least one important way from those theorists of social contract supposedly belonging to the same tradition, especially Hobbes, Rousseau, and Rawls. The Two Treatises lacks any social contract, that is, a contract constituting society in the inclusive sense usually given “society” in discussions of “social contract”. Locke’s concept (...)
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  30.  31
    Sidgwick’s Impractical Ethics.Michael Davis - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (2):153-159.
    Oxford inaugurated its new series in practical ethics by reprinting Sidgwick’s century-old Practical Ethics, edited and introduced by Sissela Bok. While this reissue is, in many respects, both appropriate and welcome, it is, in one respect, quite inappropriate. Even a short examination of Sidgwick’s little book shows that Sidgwick did not understand practical ethics as we do: a) because he radically overestimated the importance of a common theoretical starting point; and b) because he radically underestimated the importance of detailed study (...)
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  31. Sidgwick’s Impractical Ethics.Michael Davis - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (2):153-159.
    Oxford inaugurated its new series in practical ethics by reprinting Sidgwick’s century-old Practical Ethics, edited and introduced by Sissela Bok. While this reissue is, in many respects, both appropriate and welcome, it is, in one respect, quite inappropriate. Even a short examination of Sidgwick’s little book shows that Sidgwick did not understand practical ethics as we do: a) because he radically overestimated the importance of a common theoretical starting point; and b) because he radically underestimated the importance of detailed study (...)
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  32.  83
    Imaginary Cases in Ethics.Michael Davis - 2012 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 26 (1):1-17.
    By “case,” I mean a proxy for some state of affairs, event, sequence of events, or other fact. A case may be as short as a phrase (“a promise to your dying grandfather”) or (in principle, at least) longer than War and Peace. A case may consist of words (as in the typical philosophical example) or have a more dramatic form, such as a movie, stage performance, or computer simulation. Imaginary cases plainly have an important role in contemporary ethics, especially (...)
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  33.  29
    Avoiding the voter's paradox democratically.Michael Davis - 1974 - Theory and Decision 5 (3):295-311.
    This paper is concerned with selecting an appropriate perspective from which to understand and evaluate social-decision procedures. Distinguishing between "agent rationality" and "option-rationality", the author argues that a rational agent may choose a social-decision procedure that is not itself agent-rational (but merely option-rational). The argument puts the voter's paradox in a context allowing evaluation of (a) its general import and (b) practical proposals for avoiding it in particular cases. Arrow's four conditions for a social-decision procedure are shown to have little (...)
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  34. Aristotle's Dialogue With Socrates.Michael Davis - 2009 - Polis 26 (1):133-139.
  35.  1
    Aristotle's Poetics: The Poetry of Philosophy.Michael Davis - 1992 - Rowman & Littlefield.
  36.  27
    Aristotle’s Reflections on Revolution.Michael Davis - 1986 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 11 (2):49-63.
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  37.  7
    Aristotle’s Reflections on Revolution.Michael Davis - 1986 - Graduate Faculty Philosophy Journal 11 (2):49-63.
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  38.  31
    IIT’s Workshops for Integrating Ethics into Technical Courses.Michael Davis - 2006 - Teaching Ethics 6 (2):29-42.
  39.  24
    Kant’s Fourth Defense of Freedom of Expression.Michael Davis - 1983 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):13-29.
  40.  58
    Revenge, Victim’s Rights, and Criminal Justice.Michael Davis - 2000 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 14 (1):119-128.
    Barton’s view in Getting Even: Revenge as a Form of Justice (Open Court Chicago, 19991 is that revenge -- in the form of victim participation in trial. sentencing, and punishment -- should have a large place in criminal justice. I argue that what he suggests in the way of reform has no essential relation with criminal justice.
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  41.  27
    Book Review:Computers, Ethics, and Society. M. David Ermann, Mary B. Williams, Michele S. Shauf. [REVIEW]Michael Davis - 1998 - Ethics 108 (3):636-.
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  42.  2
    The Archaeology of the Soul: Platonic Readings in Ancient Poetry and Philosophy.Ronna Burger & Michael Davis (eds.) - 2012 - St. Augustine's Press.
    The Archaeology of the Soul is a testimony to the extraordinary scope of Seth Benardete's thought. Some essays concern particular authors or texts; others range more broadly and are thematic. Some deal explicitly with philosophy; others deal with epic, lyric, and tragic poetry. Some of these authors are Greek, some Roman, and still others are contemporaries writing about antiquity. All of these essays, however, are informed by an underlying vision, which is a reflection of Benardete's life-long engagement with one thinker (...)
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  43.  10
    The Dialectic of Aristotle’s Rhetoric.Michael Davis - 2023 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 27 (2):207-222.
    Aristotle writes the Art of Rhetoric rhetorically. His actions sometimes speak louder than his words. At first, he presents rhetoric as concerned with a species of logos, but gradually makes clear that all logos is somehow rhetorical. To understand human beings, the animals with logos, one must first understand logos, thinking through its dyadic structure as at once communication and articulation—a structure that guarantees its failure fully to articulate and fully to communicate. Now, persuasion proceeds “by speaking either examples or (...)
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  44. The Moral Justifiability of Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment.Michael Davis - 2005 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):161-178.
    Since Henry Shue’s classic 1978 paper on torture, the “ticking-bomb case” has seemed to demonstrate that torture is morally justified in some moral emergencies (even if not as an institution). After presenting an analysis of torture as such and an explanation of why it, and anything much like it, is morally wrong, I argue that the ticking-bomb case demonstrates nothing at all—for at least three reasons. First, it is an appeal to intuition. The intuition is not as widely shared as (...)
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  45. The Soul of the Greeks: An Inquiry.Michael Davis - 2011 - Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
    The understanding of the soul in the West has been profoundly shaped by Christianity, and its influence can be seen in certain assumptions often made about the soul: that, for example, if it does exist, it is separable from the body, free, immortal, and potentially pure. The ancient Greeks, however, conceived of the soul quite differently. In this ambitious new work, Michael Davis analyzes works by Homer, Herodotus, Euripides, Plato, and Aristotle to reveal how the ancient Greeks portrayed (...)
  46.  8
    Comments on Baker's “Draft Model Aggregated Code of Ethics for Bioethicists”.Michael Davis - 2005 - American Journal of Bioethics 5 (5):57-59.
  47.  22
    Ethics in Chicago's City Government.Michael Davis - 1987 - Teaching Philosophy 10 (4):329-338.
  48.  55
    Necessity and Nozick's theory of entitlement.Michael Davis - 1977 - Political Theory 5 (2):219-232.
  49. Politics and Poetry: Aristotle's Politics, Books VII and VIII.Michael Davis - 1992 - Interpretation 19 (2):157-168.
     
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  50.  1
    Review Article Aristotle's Dialogue With Socrates.Michael Davis - 2009 - Polis 26 (1):133-139.
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