87 found
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  1.  17
    Holism: A Shopper's Guide.Michael Morris - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (172):394-396.
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  2.  37
    The Good and the True.Michael Morris - 1992 - Oxford University Press.
    This book provides a radical alternative to naturalistic theories of content, and offers a new conception of the place of mind in the world. Confronting the scientific conception of the nature of reality that has dominated the Anglo-American philosophical tradition, Morris presents a detailed analysis of content and propositional attitudes based on the idea that truth is a value. He rejects the causal theory of the explanation of behavior and replaces it with an alternative that depends upon a rich conception (...)
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  3.  20
    Real Likenesses: Representation in Paintings, Photographs, and Novels.Michael Morris - 2020 - Oxford University Press, Usa.
    Real Likenesses presents a radical new approach to artistic representation. At its heart is a serious reconsideration of the relationship between medium and content in representational art, which counters current dominant theories that make attention to the former inevitably a distraction from attending to the latter. Through close analysis of paintings, photographs, and novels, Michael Morris proposes a new understanding of the real likenesses we encounter in representational art; what they are, how they are made present to us, and how (...)
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  4. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Language.Michael Morris - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this textbook, Michael Morris offers a critical introduction to the central issues of the philosophy of language. Each chapter focusses on one or two texts which have had a seminal influence on work in the subject, and uses these as a way of approaching both the central topics and the various traditions of dealing with them. Texts include classic writings by Frege, Russell, Kripke, Quine, Davidson, Austin, Grice and Wittgenstein. Theoretical jargon is kept to a minimum and is fully (...)
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  5.  36
    Routledge Philosophy Guidebook to Wittgenstein and the Tractatus.Michael Morris - 2005 - Routledge.
    Written by a leading expert, this is the ideal guide to the only book Wittgenstein published during his lifetime, the _Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus_. Michael Morris makes sense of Wittgenstein’s brief but often cryptic text, highlighting its key themes. He introduces and analyzes: Wittgenstein’s life and the background to the _Tractatus_ the ideas and text of the _Tractatus_ the continuing importance of Wittgenstein's work to philosophy today, Wittgenstein is the most important twentieth-century philosopher in the English speaking world. This book will be (...)
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  6.  33
    The Ethical Context of Entrepreneurship: Proposing and Testing a Developmental Framework. [REVIEW]Michael H. Morris, Minet Schindehutte, John Walton & Jeffrey Allen - 2002 - Journal of Business Ethics 40 (4):331 - 361.
    The aim of this study is to increase our understanding of the ethical climate of entrepreneurial firms as they grow and develop. A developmental framework is introduced to describe the formal and informal ethical structures that emerge in entrepreneurial firms over time. Factors influencing where firms are within the developmental framework are posited, including the entrepreneur's psychological profile, lifecycle stage of the business, and descriptive characteristics of the venture. It is also proposed that the implementation of ethical structures will impact (...)
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  7.  5
    When One Cause Casts Doubt on Another: A Normative Analysis of Discounting in Causal Attribution.Michael W. Morris & Richard P. Larrick - 1995 - Psychological Review 102 (2):331-355.
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  8. Mysticism and Nonsense in the Tractatus.Michael Morris & Julian Dodd - 2009 - European Journal of Philosophy 17 (2):247-276.
  9.  89
    Risks Associated with Genetic Modification: – An Annotated Bibliography of Peer Reviewed Natural Science Publications. [REVIEW]Sean A. Weaver & Michael C. Morris - 2005 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):157-189.
    We present an annotated bibliography of peer reviewed scientific research highlighting the human health, animal welfare, and environmental risks associated with genetic modification. Risks associated with the expression of the transgenic material include concerns over resistance and non-target effects of crops expressing Bt toxins, consequences of herbicide use associated with genetically modified herbicide-tolerant plants, and transfer of gene expression from genetically modified crops through vertical and horizontal gene transfer. These risks are not connected to the technique of genetic modification as (...)
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  10.  39
    Modeling Ethical Attitudes and Behaviors Under Conditions of Environmental Turbulence: The Case of South Africa. [REVIEW]Michael H. Morris, Amy S. Marks, Jeffrey A. Allen & Newman S. Peery - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (10):1119 - 1130.
    This study explores the impact of environmental turbulence on relationships between personal and organizational characteristics, personal values, ethical perceptions, and behavioral intentions. A causal model is tested using data obtained from a national sample of marketing research professionals in South Africa. The findings suggest turbulent conditions lead professionals to report stronger values and ethical norms, but less ethical behavioral intentions. Implications are drawn for organizations confronting growing turbulence in their external environments. A number of suggestions are made for ongoing research.
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  11. Akrasia in the Protagoras and the Republic.Michael Morris - 2006 - Phronesis 51 (3):195-229.
    Although it is a commonplace that the "Protagoras" and the "Republic" present diffent views of akrasia, the nature of the difference is not well understood. I argue that the logic of the famous argument in the "Protagoras" turns just on two crucial assumptions: that desiring is having evaluative beliefs (or that valuing is desiring), and that no one can have contradictory preferences at the same time; hedonism is not essential to the logic of the argument. And the logic of the (...)
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  12. Doing Justice to Musical Works.Michael Morris - 2007 - In Kathleen Stock (ed.), Philosophers on Music: Experience, Meaning, and Work. Oxford University Press.
  13.  44
    Culture as Common Sense: Perceived Consensus Vs. Personal Beliefs as Mechanisms of Cultural Influence.Tam Kim-Pong, Morris Michael, Lee Sau-lai, Lau Ivy Yee-Man, Chiu Chi-yue & Zou Xi - unknown
    We propose that culture affects people through their perceptions of what is consensually believed. Whereas past research has examined whether cultural differences in social judgment are mediated by differences in individuals’ personal values and beliefs, we investigate whether they are mediated by differences in individuals’ perceptions of the views of people around them. We propose that individuals who perceive that traditional views are culturally consensual (e.g., Chinese participants who believe that most of their fellows hold collectivistic values) will themselves behave (...)
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  14.  31
    Tools of the Trade: Deductive Schemas Taught in Psychology and Philosophy.Michael W. Morris & Richard E. Nisbett - 1993 - In Richard E. Nisbett (ed.), Rules for Reasoning. L. Erlbaum Associates. pp. 228--256.
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  15. Realism Beyond Correspondence.Michael Morris - 2005 - In Helen Beebee & Julian Dodd (eds.), Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate. Clarendon Press.
  16. Moral Dilemmas and Forms of Moral Distress.Michael K. Morris - 1985 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    Some philosophers have recently complained that moral theories almost always portray the distresses of ordinary people in moral predicaments as irrational. In the name of having a minimally realistic picture of ethical thought, these philosophers argue that accounts of morality must allow for strong moral dilemmas, choices involving mutually exclusive all-things-considered requirements or jointly exhaustive all-things-considered prohibitions. In this dissertation I clarify and reject several versions of this argument, which I call the argument from experience. ;In chapters one and two (...)
     
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  17.  44
    The French Revolution and the New School of Europe: Towards a Political Interpretation of German Idealism.Michael Morris - 2011 - European Journal of Philosophy 19 (4):532-560.
    Abstract: In this paper I consider the significant but generally overlooked role that the French Revolution played in the development of German Idealism. Specifically, I argue that Reinhold and Fichte's engagement in revolutionary political debates directly shaped their interpretation of Kant's philosophy, leading them (a) to overlook his reliance upon common sense, (b) to misconstrue his conception of the relationship between philosophical theory and received cognitive practice, (c) to fail to appreciate the fundamentally regressive nature of his transcendental argumentative strategy, (...)
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  18.  25
    Issues Associated with Research on Sheep Parasite Control in New Zealand – a Descriptive Ethic.Michael C. Morris - 2003 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (2):187-207.
    In common with much of theEnglish-speaking world, New Zealandersgenerally oppose the use of animalexperimentation where there is no demonstrableand immediate benefit for human, animal, orenvironmental health. Intrusive experiments onsheep internal and external parasites publishedbetween 1996 and 2000 are reviewed, anddiscussed in relation to these publicsensibilities. A total of 16 publishedexperiments on sheep parasites involvedsurgical manipulations or other intrusiveprocedures. Some of these experiments had noshort-term application, or the only applicationwas in increasing animal production. Otherscould have been modified at some extra expenseso (...)
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  19.  88
    How Can There Be Works Of Art?Michael Morris - 2008 - Postgraduate Journal of Aesthetics 5 (3):1-18.
    Interested in art, we tend to be interested in works of art. We seem to encounter works of art all the time, and—setting aside certain relatively abstruse problems in ontology—we seem to have little difficulty in recognizing them for what they are. That there are works of art seems obvious and unproblematic. Quite so, I think. But reflection on what has to be the case if there are to be works of art shows that some quite demanding conditions have to (...)
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  20.  23
    The Ethics and Politics of the Caged Layer Hen Debate in New Zealand.Michael C. Morris - 2006 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 19 (5):495-514.
    Changes in attitudes toward animal welfare, with a greater emphasis on the importance of allowing animals to express normal patterns of behavior has led to an examination of the practice of keeping hens in battery cages. There is widespread scientific consensus that the conditions of confinement and the barren nature of battery cages severely restrict hens’ behavioral repertoire, and are thus detrimental to their welfare. The New Zealand Animal Welfare Act 1999, stipulates that animals must have “the opportunity to display (...)
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  21.  55
    Art and Metaphysics.Michael Morris - 2020 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 94 (1):1-17.
    Artists often think of themselves as engaged in a project of understanding things. Many of those who look at, listen to, or read works of art think that they emerge from the experience with their understanding enriched. The aim of this paper is to explain what kind of understanding representational art can provide.
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  22.  44
    Ethical Issues Associated with Sheep Fly Strike Research, Prevention, and Control.Michael C. Morris - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):205-217.
    Fly strike is a painful conditioncaused by live maggots eating at the flesh of sheep.Remedies for this disorder are traumatic, with sheepundergoing painful mulesing and tail dockingoperations to protect against flystrike. In an attemptto find control solutions and to understand thedisorder, Australasian researchers increase sheepsuffering by conducting experiments that artificiallyinduce fly strike. Some of these experiments have noapplication in prevention and control of fly strike.Many others could be modified or replaced with lesspainful techniques.Anecdotal evidence through communication withorganic farmers suggests that (...)
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  23. Metaphysics, Philosophy, and the Philosophy of Language.Michael Morris - 2017 - In .
    In this chapter, the author offers a selective critical history in which he traces the difference between the tendency which Michael Dummett represents and the philosophers among whom Timothy Williamson is naturally placed to a difference in metaphysics which has much longer roots. He suggests that the ultimate source of the kind of role Dummett gives to thought is Hume's skeptical view of necessity, with its famous consequences for metaphysics. The philosophy of language is the key to the most fundamental (...)
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  24. The Substance Argument of Wittgenstein’s Tractatus.Michael Morris - 2016 - Journal for the History of Analytical Philosophy 4 (7).
    In Morris I presented in outline a new interpretation of the famous ‘substance argument’ in Wittgenstein’s Tractatus. The account I presented there gave a distinctive view of Wittgenstein’s main concerns in the argument, but did not explain in detail how the argument works: how its steps are to be found in the text, and how it concludes. I remain convinced that the interpretation I proposed correctly identifies the main concerns which lie behind the argument. I return to the argument here (...)
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  25. The Place of Language.Michael Morris & Stephen Neale - 19934 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 94:215 - 227.
    This paper attempts to raise a question for the everyday view that language is a means of communication, a system of marks or sounds which we use to convey thoughts and describe the world. It first isolates the assumptions behind this everyday view before raising questions about them.
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  26.  24
    Moral Conflict and Ordinary Emotional Experience.Michael K. Morris - 1992 - Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (2):223-237.
    If we ask ourselves whether ultimate moral conflicts exist, and if we take seriously the goal of capturing ordinary emotional experience in our views about morality, we find the evidence mixed. We might have some reason for concluding that some situations are ultimate moral conflicts, but we also have good reasons of the same kind for concluding that these situations are not ultimate moral conflicts. So this kind of argument does not provide secure enough footing for any sort of powerful (...)
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  27.  11
    The Rocky Road From Acts to Dispositions: Insights for Attribution Theory From Developmental Research on Theories of Mind.Andrea D. Rosati, Eric D. Knowles, Charles W. Kalish, Alison Gopnik, Daniel R. Ames & Michael W. Morris - 2001 - In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press.
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  28.  7
    Existential Meanings and Cultural Models.Maia J. Young & Michael W. Morris - 2004 - In Jeff Greenberg, Sander L. Koole & Tom Pyszczynski (eds.), Handbook of Experimental Existential Psychology. Guilford Press. pp. 215.
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  29. The Varieties of Sense.Michael Morris - 1988 - Philosophical Quarterly 38 (153):385-400.
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  30.  48
    The Ethics and Politics of Animal Welfare in New Zealand: Broiler Chicken Production as a Case Study. [REVIEW]Michael C. Morris - 2009 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (1):15-30.
    The cause of poor welfare in broilers is multifactorial, but genotype is a major contributor. Modern broilers have been bred for rapid growth, and this leads to increases in lameness and ascites as the legs and hearts of the heavier birds find it difficult to cope with the extra demands placed on them. Visible lameness indicative of pain is more common in New Zealand than in Europe. The government, however, insists that New Zealand welfare standards are higher than Europe. The (...)
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  31.  72
    The Question of Idealism in McDowell.Michael Morris - 2009 - Philosophical Topics 37 (1):95-114.
    John McDowell has attempted to defend himself against the charge that the view presented in his influential book Mind and World is idealist. This paper argues that in spite of that defence, there is a clear way in which the view does depend on a form of idealism. McDowell is committed to the thought that the world is ‘conceptually organized’. I consider what this means, and argue that, although it does not formally imply idealism, it is only defensible from a (...)
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  32.  32
    Moral Philosophy From Montaigne to Kant: An Anthology. [REVIEW]Michael K. Morris - 1992 - Teaching Philosophy 15 (2):206-210.
  33.  43
    The Meaning of Music.Michael Morris - 2012 - The Monist 95 (4):556-586.
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  34.  45
    Realism and Representation: The Case of Rembrandt's Hat.Michael Morris - 2015 - European Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):909-932.
    Some artistic representations—the painting of a hat in a famous picture by Rembrandt is an example—are able to present vividly the character of what they represent precisely by calling attention to their medium of representation. There is a puzzle about this whose structure, I argue, is analogous to that of a familiar Kantian problem for traditional realism. I offer a precise characterization of the puzzle, before arguing that an analogue for the case of representation to the Kantian solution to the (...)
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  35. Animal Care Ethics, ANZCCART, and Public Perceptions of Animal Use Ethics.Michael Morris - 2000 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 13 (3-4):249-257.
     
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  36. An Evaluative Theory of Content.Michael Morris - 1988
     
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  37. Freedom and Morality and Other Essays.Michael Morris - 1988 - Philosophical Books 29 (1):56-58.
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  38. How Simple is the Simple Account?Michael Morris - 1996 - In Andy Clark & Peter Millican (eds.), Connectionism, Concepts, and Folk Psychology: The Legacy of Alan Turing, Volume 2. Clarendon Press.
     
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  39. How Simple is the Simple Account?Michael Morris - 1999 - In Andy Clark & Peter Millican (eds.), Connectionism, Concepts, and Folk Psychology: The Legacy of Alan Turing, Volume Ii. Clarendon Press.
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  40. Having Thought. [REVIEW]Michael Morris - 1999 - Philosophy 74 (4):606-618.
     
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  41.  2
    Knowledge and Ideology: The Epistemology of Social and Political Critique.Michael Morris - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    Ideology critique generally seeks to undermine selected theories and beliefs by demonstrating their partisan origins and their insidious social functions. This approach rightly reveals the socially implicated nature of much purported knowledge, but also brackets or bypasses its cognitive properties. In contrast, Michael Morris argues that it is possible to integrate the social and epistemic dimensions of belief in a way that preserves the cognitive and adjudicatory capacities of reason, while acknowledging that reason itself is inevitably social, historical, and interested. (...)
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  42. Morality in Nature.Michael Morris - 2000 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 10 (2):53-55.
     
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  43. Review. [REVIEW]Michael Morris - 1992 - The Thomist 56:738-740.
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  44. Reviews: Reviews. [REVIEW]Michael Morris - 2010 - Philosophy 85 (3):419-424.
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  45. Self and World. [REVIEW]Michael Morris - 1998 - Philosophy 73 (3):495-523.
     
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  46. Teaching About the Environment in Japan: A Personal View.Michael Morris - 2001 - Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics 11 (2):42-43.
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  47. The Superfluous Revolution: Post-Kantian Philosophy and the Nature of Religious Excess.Michael Morris - 2016 - Intellectual History Review 26 (2):263-283.
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  48. Scenario Simulations in Learning: Forms and Functions at the Individual and Organizational Levels.Susana Segura & Michael W. Morris - 2005 - In David R. Mandel, Denis J. Hilton & Patrizia Catellani (eds.), The Psychology of Counterfactual Thinking. Routledge.
     
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  49.  10
    Predator Free New Zealand and the ‘War’ on Pests: Is It a Just War?Michael C. Morris - 2020 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 33 (1):93-110.
    Conservation policy in New Zealand is centred around an objective to totally eradicate three invasive species; the ship rat, the brushtail possum and the stoat, by 2050. The preferred control method to achieve this is large scale poisoning operations with 1080 and similar toxins. This project is backed up by governmental and non-governmental agencies and surrounded with discourse of ‘war’ and ‘invasion’. The ‘Big Three’ predators are endowed with sinister motives as a means of mobilising support. This self-described ‘war’ is (...)
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  50.  53
    Beyond Interpretation: Reply to Cummins' Response. [REVIEW]Michael Morris - 1992 - Minds and Machines 2 (1):85-95.
    In his response to my Why There Are No Mental Representations, Robert Cummins accused me of having misinterpreted his views, and attempted to undermine a crucial premise of my argument, which claimed that one could only define a semantic type non-semantically by stipulating which tokens should receive a uniform interpretation. I respond to the charge and defend the premise.
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