Results for 'Michael M. Chemers'

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  1.  3
    The Problem is Not Monsters: The FRANKENCON Panel on Science and Ethics.Michael M. Chemers - 2021 - Science and Engineering Ethics 27 (5):1-20.
    In November of 2019, the University of California Santa Cruz hosted a 3-day interdisciplinary conference to commemorate the 200th anniversary of the publication of Frankenstein, by Mary Shelley. A panel of senior researchers convened to discuss the impact of the novel on modern discussions of scientific ethics. The panel featured Nandini Bhattacharya, George Blumenthal, Michael M. Chemers, David Haussler, and Jenny Reardon. In the process, the panelists acted as the Institutional Review Board for a proposal from Victor Frankenstein (...)
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  2.  15
    Moving From Understanding of Consent Conditions to Heuristics of Trust.Michael M. Burgess & Kieran C. O’Doherty - 2019 - American Journal of Bioethics 19 (5):24-26.
    Volume 19, Issue 5, May 2019, Page 24-26.
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  3.  38
    Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice.Michael M. J. Fischer - 2003 - Duke University Press.
    Now, in Emergent Forms of Life and the Anthropological Voice, path-breaking scholar Michael M. J. Fischer moves the discussion to a consideration of the ...
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  4.  5
    Rhythmus Als Fundamentale Soziale Orientierung.Michael M. Dittmann - 2018 - Paragrana: Internationale Zeitschrift für Historische Anthropologie 27 (1):345-367.
    How do actors co-ordinate their actions in a well-tested stage play? And how does a dance-theatre performance contribute to a better understanding of processes of social coordination? The way participants co-ordinate social interactions is guided by mechanisms that are true for the actors involved in the scene. Viewed as a burning glass, the dance-theatre scene is analysed in a cumulative theoretical process, as actors in this scripted coordination are oriented towards i) implicit rules in social contexts, ii) non-linear system attributes, (...)
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  5.  38
    Public Consultation in Ethics an Experiment in Representative Ethics.Michael M. Burgess - 2004 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 1 (1):4-13.
    Genome Canada has funded a research project to evaluate the usefulness of different forms of ethical analysis for assessing the moral weight of public opinion in the governance of genomics. This paper will describe a role of public consultation for ethical analysis and a contribution of ethical analysis to public consultation and the governance of genomics/biotechnology. Public consultation increases the robustness of ethical analysis with a more diverse and rich accounts experiences. Consultation must be carefully and respectfully designed to generate (...)
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  6. I—R. M. Sainsbury and Michael Tye: An Originalist Theory of Concepts.R. M. Sainsbury & Michael Tye - 2011 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 85 (1):101-124.
    We argue that thoughts are structures of concepts, and that concepts should be individuated by their origins, rather than in terms of their semantic or epistemic properties. Many features of cognition turn on the vehicles of content, thoughts, rather than on the nature of the contents they express. Originalism makes concepts available to explain, with no threat of circularity, puzzling cases concerning thought. In this paper, we mention Hesperus/Phosphorus puzzles, the Evans-Perry example of the ship seen through different windows, and (...)
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  7.  10
    Testing Normative and Self-Appraisal Feedback in an Online Slot-Machine Pop-Up in a Real-World Setting.Michael M. Auer & Mark D. Griffiths - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  8.  13
    The Use of Personalized Behavioral Feedback for Online Gamblers: An Empirical Study.Michael M. Auer & Mark D. Griffiths - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
  9.  16
    Brain Plasticity-Based Therapeutics.Michael M. Merzenich, Thomas M. Van Vleet & Mor Nahum - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  10.  18
    Aither and the Four Roots in Empedocles.Michael M. Shaw - 2014 - Research in Phenomenology 44 (2):170-193.
    This paper surveys the meaning of aither in Empedocles. Since Aristotle, Empedoclean aither has been generally considered synonymous with air and understood anachronistically in terms of its Aristotelian conception as hot and wet. In critiquing this interpretation, the paper first examines the meaning of “air” in Empedocles, revealing scant and insignificant use of the term. Next, the ancient controversy of Empedocles’ “four roots” is recast from the perspective that aither, rather than air, designates the fourth root. Finally, the nineteen instances (...)
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  11.  37
    Madness, Art, and the End of History: Epistemic Transformation in Nietzsche and Foucault.Michael M. Shaw - 2008 - Philosophy Today 52 (Supplement):158-167.
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  12.  9
    Using Questions to Improve Informed Consent Form Reading Behavior in Students.Michael M. Knepp - 2018 - Ethics and Behavior 28 (7):560-577.
    Previous research shows that students often do not read informed consent forms to understand their rights. Four hundred fifty-eight students participated in an advertised temperament study that actually measured whether they noticed a manipulation within the consent form. Answering five questions about the form raised the percentage of students noticing the manipulation in multiple settings; however, overall rates were low. Fewer than 10% of ethnic minority students noticed the manipulation. If the goal of consent forms in higher education remains an (...)
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  13.  27
    Freedom, Indeterminism and Imagination.Michael M. Pitman - 2012 - South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):369-383.
    A suspicion about libertarian free will is that freedom is undermined, rather than supported, by the positing of indeterminism within processes of volition. In response, this paper presents a way in which moments of indeterminism can enhance freedom, by showing how such moments can genuinely belong to the agent. The key idea is that of putting the imagination to work in the service of free agency. The suggestion is that indeterministic processes of imaginative generativity can both belong to an agent, (...)
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  14.  11
    Parataxis in Anaxagoras.Michael M. Shaw - 2017 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 21 (2):273-288.
    This paper examines parataxis and ring composition in Anaxagoras Fragment B4a, arguing that this ostensibly prose philosopher employs these poetic techniques to capture his thought. Comparing the fragment with Homeric similes and his description of Achilles’s Shield from Ililad XVIII reveals an immanent poetics within the Anaxagorean text. Lying between two instances of "πολλά τε καὶ παντοῖα" most of fragment constitutes a single sentence. Such ring composition advises that no part of the paratactic clause should be read independently from any (...)
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  15.  8
    Why the Fair Innings Argument is Not Persuasive.Michael M. Rivlin - 2000 - BMC Medical Ethics 1 (1):1.
    The fair innings argument is frequently put forward as a justification for denying elderly patients treatment when they are in competition with younger patients and resources are scarce. In this paper I will examine some arguments that are used to support the FIA. My conclusion will be that they do not stand up to scrutiny and therefore, the FIA should not be used to justify the denial of treatment to elderly patients, or to support rationing of health care by age.There (...)
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  16.  7
    Correcting Memory Improves Accuracy of Predicted Task Duration.Michael M. Roy, Scott T. Mitten & Nicholas J. S. Christenfeld - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 14 (3):266-275.
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  17. William James and the National Academy of Sciences.Michael M. Sokal - 2010 - William James Studies 5:29-38.
    Williams James’s 1903 election to the National Academy of Sciences has long been understood as well-deserved recognition for his scientific achievement and as evidence that other sciences had begun to accept the “new psychology” as a peer discipline. This note offers a detailed review of the complex course of events that led to James’s election – presented within the context of the Academy’s own history – that illustrates just how a variety of extra-scientific factors had a significant impact on this (...)
     
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  18.  4
    Personalized Behavioral Feedback for Online Gamblers: A Real World Empirical Study.Michael M. Auer & Mark D. Griffiths - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
  19.  59
    The Medicalization of Dying.Michael M. Burgess - 1993 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 18 (3):269-279.
    Physician assisted suicide or active euthanasia is analyzed as a medicalization of the needs of persons who are suffering interminably. As with other medicalized responses to personal needs, the availability of active euthanasia will likely divert attention and resources from difficult social and personal aspects of the needs of dying and suffering persons, continuing the pattern of privatization of the costs of caregiving for persons who are candidates for active euthanasia, limiting the ability of caregivers to assist suffering persons to (...)
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  20.  25
    [Book Review] Anthropology as Cultural Critique, an Experimental Moment in the Human Sciences. [REVIEW]George E. Marcus & Michael M. J. Fischer - 1992 - Ethics 102:635-649.
  21.  20
    Genetic Testing for Hereditary Disease: Attending to Relational Responsibility.Michael M. Burgess & Lori D'Agincourt-Canning - 2001 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 12 (4):361.
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  22.  42
    Baldwin, Cattell and the Psychological Review: A Collaboration and its Discontents.Michael M. Sokal - 1997 - History of the Human Sciences 10 (1):57-89.
    This paper provides a detailed account of the origins of the Psycho logical Review in 1894, of the policies and practices of its editors (James Mark Baldwin and James McKeen Cattell) during its first decade, and of the public and private disagreements that led them to dissolve their collaboration in 1904. In doing so, it sheds light on the significant roles played by specialized scientific journals in the development of specific scientific specialities, and illustrates the value for historical exploration of (...)
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  23.  10
    Intention and Suggestion in the Abhidharmakśa: Sandhābhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s}$$ Ārevisited. [REVIEW]Michael M. Broido - 1985 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 13 (4):327-381.
    At Abhidharmakośa VI .3, Vasubandhu analyses the phrase sandhāya ... bha $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ ita $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m} $$ as used in the sūtras. Here bhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ ita $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m} $$ mentions an utterance, to which a figurative sense is ascribed by the gerundive (not noun) sandhāya. The audience is split: some are intended to understand the literal, others the figurative sense. Vasubandhu's analysis works well for sandhābhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ a etc. in the Saddharmapu $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{n}$$ $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{d}$$ arīka and the Guhyasamājatantra. (The Hevajratantra is (...)
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  24.  32
    Mental States, Processes, and Conscious Intent in Libet's Experiments.Michael M. Pitman - 2013 - South African Journal of Philosophy 32 (1):71-89.
    The meaning and significance of Benjamin Libet’s studies on the timing of conscious will have been widely discussed, especially by those wishing to draw sceptical conclusions about conscious agency and free will. However, certain important correctives for thinking about mental states and processes undermine the apparent simplicity and logic of Libet’s data. The appropriateness, relevance and ecological validity of Libet’s methods are further undermined by considerations of how we ought to characterise intentional actions, conscious intention, and what it means to (...)
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  25.  14
    Rumination and Performance in Dynamic, Team Sport.Michael M. Roy, Daniel Memmert, Anastasia Frees, Joseph Radzevick, Jean Pretz & Benjamin Noël - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  26.  89
    Hume's Theory of Belief.Michael M. Gorman - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (1):89-101.
    The paper defends Hume's theory of belief against charges of inconsistency (but does not argue that Hume's theory is correct). It is noted that his statements about belief are actually statements about three different questions: the nature of belief, the effects of belief, and the causes of belief. The question of the nature of belief is analyzed in the most detail. Hume has two theories, which I call his "manner of conception theory" and his "feeling theory," but on Humean assumptions, (...)
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  27.  17
    Intention and Suggestion in the Abhidharmakśa: Sandhābhā\ Underset {\ Raise0. 3em\ Hbox {Ārevisited. [REVIEW]Michael M. Broido - 1985 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 13 (4):327-381.
    At Abhidharmakośa VI .3, Vasubandhu analyses the phrase sandhāya ... bha $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ ita $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m} $$ as used in the sūtras. Here bhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ ita $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{m} $$ mentions an utterance, to which a figurative sense is ascribed by the gerundive (not noun) sandhāya. The audience is split: some are intended to understand the literal, others the figurative sense. Vasubandhu's analysis works well for sandhābhā $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{s} $$ a etc. in the Saddharmapu $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{n}$$ $$\underset{\raise0.3em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\cdot}$}}{d}$$ arīka and the Guhyasamājatantra. (The Hevajratantra is (...)
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  28.  53
    The Problem of Motion in Plato's "Phaedo".Michael M. Shaw - 2013 - Epoché: A Journal for the History of Philosophy 17 (2):275-300.
    This paper examines the relationship between participation and motion with respect to the natural philosophy of the "Phaedo". Aristotle’s criticism of participation and its failure to account for motion shows the relevance of the dialogue to this problem. Challenging Aristotle’s critique, I interpret the "Phaedo" as offering a possible solution to the question of how forms cause motion in material beings. The verb ὀρέγεσθαι at 65c8, 75a2, and 75b1, together with the active ὀρέγειν at 117b2, ground an account of ontological (...)
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  29.  41
    Michael M. Woolfson, Materials, Matter and Particles: A Brief History. [REVIEW]Sean F. Johnston - 2011 - Ambix 58:182-183.
  30.  39
    Abhiprāya and Implication in Tibetan Linguistics.Michael M. Broido - 1984 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 12 (1):1-33.
  31.  99
    Eliminative Materialism and the Integrity of Science.Michael M. Pitman - 2003 - South African Journal of Philosophy 22 (3):207-219.
    Eliminative Materialism holds that propositional attitude folk psychology is a radically false theory of human, cognition, communication and behaviour. The paper reviews the argument that Eliminative Materialism is self-defeating. Although the argument is unsuccessful, it is argued that Eliminative Materialism ought to be considered epistemically self-undermining. Eliminative Materialism's truth would undermine the epistemic warrant of the theories (from cognitive neuroscience) typically taken as motivating the eliminativist thesis. Eliminative materialism fails to recognise that, in the psychological sciences, the mind is both (...)
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  32.  5
    The Paradigm and the Fuzzy Logical Model of Perception Are Alive and Well.Dominic W. Massaro & Michael M. Cohen - 1993 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 122 (1):115-124.
  33.  7
    Culture and Cultural Analysis.Michael M. J. Fischer - 2006 - Theory, Culture and Society 23 (2-3):360-364.
  34.  32
    Faith and Reason in the Wake of Milbank and Pickstock.Michael M. Waddell - 2008 - International Philosophical Quarterly 48 (3):381-396.
    In Truth in Aquinas, John Milbank and Catherine Pickstock attempt to render a “radically orthodox” reading of Aquinas that rejects an autonomous realm of natural reason unaided by faith. I argue that Milbank and Pickstock’s account fails as a reading of Aquinas and is problematic as a theory of the relationship between faith and reason. After sketching Milbank and Pickstock’s understanding of the relationship between faith and reason, I examine Aquinas’s doctrines of grace and divine naming in order to show (...)
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  35.  43
    Michael M. Sage: Cyprian. Pp. Vii + 439. Cambridge, Mass.: The Philadelphia Patristic Foundation, 1975. Paper.R. A. Markus - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (2):354-354.
  36. Contemporary Issues in Paediatric Ethics.Michael M. Burgess & Brian E. Woodrow - 1991 - Lewiston, N.Y. ; Queenston, Ont. : E. Mellen Press.
    This collection of essays by a group of international scholars focuses on specific issues in bioethics and paediatrics. It reflects interdisciplinary approaches to practical problems at the level of policy and practice.
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  37.  16
    A Further Note on "EPOIESEN" Signatures.Michael M. Eisman - 1974 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 94:172.
  38.  5
    Existential Judgment and Transcendental Reduction: A Critical Analysis of Edmund Husserl's Phaenomenologische Fundamentalbetrachtung (Ideen I, [Paragraphen] 27-62).Michael M. Tavuzzi - 1982 - Massimo.
  39.  32
    Distributist Thinking Today.Michael M. Jordan - 1998 - The Chesterton Review 24 (1/2):254-255.
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  40. Natural Theology in St. Thomas's Early Doctrine of Truth.Michael M. Waddell - 2004 - Sapientia 59 (215):5-21.
    The role of natural theology in St. Thomas Aquinas's early doctrine of (transcendental) trut, especially in question one of Aquinas's "Disputed Questions on Truth (De veritate).
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  41. Medical Care for Tomorrow.Michael M. Davis - 1956 - Science and Society 20 (4):364-367.
     
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  42. Paying Your Sickness Bills. By S. McKee Rosen. [REVIEW]Michael M. Davis - 1931 - Ethics 42:474.
     
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  43. Paying Your Sickness Bills.Michael M. Davis - 1932 - International Journal of Ethics 42 (4):474-475.
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  44. Bjh Van den Berg.Michael M. Schur & Neuroses As Socioses - 1978 - In Ronald S. Valle & Mark King (eds.), Existential-Phenomenological Alternatives for Psychology. Oxford University Press.
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  45.  4
    Philosophy in Mind: The Place of Philosophy in the Study of Mind.M. Michael & John O'Leary-Hawthorne (eds.) - 1994 - Kluwer Academic Publishers.
    Increasingly, the mind is being treated as a fit subject for scientific inquiry. As cognitive science and empirical psychology strive to uncover the mind's secrets, it is fitting to inquire as to what distinctive role is left for philosophy in the study of mind. This collection, which includes contributions by some of the leading scholars in the field, offers a rich variety of perspectives on this issue. Topics addressed include: the place of a priori inquiry in philosophy of mind, moral (...)
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  46. Ontological Priority.Michael M. Gorman - 1993 - Dissertation, State University of New York at Buffalo
    This dissertation is an investigation of ontological priority. The Introduction argues that although philosophers have often been concerned with the things that are ontologically prior, they have seldom addressed the question of what ontological priority is. ;Part One gives a detailed analysis of what ontological priority is. Chapter 1 notes that there are two competing theories available: according to the first, ontological priority is a dependence relation; according to the second, it is a degrees-of-being relation. Since the two views are (...)
     
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  47. The Manuscript Traditions of the Works of St. Augustine.Michael M. Gorman - 2001
     
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  48.  35
    The “Well-Informed Citizen” as a Theory of Public Space.Michael M. Hanke - 2014 - Schutzian Research 6:93-103.
    Alfred Schutz’ article on the well-informed citizen can, among others, also be read as a treatise on the information flow in democratic society. To be “well-informed” is a challenge the citizen has to keep up with in order to play his role in civil society, and being well-informed is also to be seen as a precondition for a fairly functioning political community. For Jürgen Habermas, it is the free press that guarantees public communication of democratic societies and which is threatened (...)
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  49. Ethics and Phenomenology.Michael M. Kazanjian - 2004 - Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  50. The Multiple Universe.Michael M. Hare - 1968 - New York: Julian Press.
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