Results for 'Michael J. W. Hall'

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  1. Quantum mechanics and the concept of joint probability.Michael J. W. Hall - 1989 - Foundations of Physics 19 (2):189-207.
    The concepts of joint probability as implied by the Copenhagen and realist interpretations of quantum mechanics are examined in relation to (a) the rules for manipulation of probabilistic quantities, and (b) the role of the Bell inequalities in assessing the completeness of standard quantum theory. Proponents of completeness of the Copenhagen interpretation are required to accept a modification of the classical laws of probability to provide a mechanism for complementarity. A new formulation of the locality postulate is given, not involving (...)
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  2.  5
    Eigenstates in the Many Interacting Worlds Approach: Focus on 2D Ground States.Hannes Herrmann, Michael J. W. Hall, Howard M. Wiseman & Dirk-André Deckert - 2024 - In Angelo Bassi, Sheldon Goldstein, Roderich Tumulka & Nino Zanghi (eds.), Physics and the Nature of Reality: Essays in Memory of Detlef Dürr. Springer. pp. 125-140.
    The Many-Interacting-Worlds (MIW) approach to a quantum theory without wave functions proposed in [8] leads naturally to numerical integrators of the Schrödinger equation on comoving grids. As yet, little is known about concrete MIW models for more than one spatial dimension and/or more than one particle. In honour of Detlef Dürr, we report on a further development of the MIW approach to treat arbitrary degrees of freedom and provide a numerical proof of concept for ground states in 2d. The latter (...)
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  3.  73
    R. L. Constable, S. F. Allen, H. M. Bromley, W. R. Cleaveland, J. F. Cremer, R. W. Harper, D. J. Howe, T. B. Knoblock, N. P. Mendler, P. Panangaden, J. T. Sasaki, and S. F. Smith. Implementing mathematics with the Nuprl proof development system. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., 1986, x + 299 pp. [REVIEW]Michael J. Beeson - 1990 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 55 (3):1299-1302.
  4. The Oxford handbook of metaphysics.Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman (eds.) - 2003 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics offers the most authoritative and compelling guide to this diverse and fertile field of philosophy. Twenty-four of the world's most distinguished specialists provide brand-new essays about 'what there is': what kinds of things there are, and what relations hold among entities falling under various categories. They give the latest word on such topics as identity, modality, time, causation, persons and minds, freedom, and vagueness. The Handbook's unrivaled breadth and depth make it the definitive reference work (...)
  5. Howard Pollio.Michael J. Apter, James Reason, Geoffrey Underwood, Thomas H. Carr, Graham F. Reed, Richard A. Block & Peter W. Sheehan - 1979 - In Geoffrey Underwood & Robin Stevens (eds.), Aspects of Consciousness. Academic Press.
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  6.  22
    Substance and Attribute: A Study in Ontology.Michael J. Loux & W. J. Loux - 1978 - Springer Verlag.
    In this book I address a dichotomy that is as central as any in ontology - that between ordinary objects or substances and the various attributes (Le., properties, kinds, and relations) we associate with them. My aim is to arrive at the correct philosophical account of each member of the dichotomy. What I shall argue is that the various attempts to understand substances or attri butes in reductive terms fail. Talk about attributes, I shall try to show, is just that (...)
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  7.  94
    Working-memory capacity and the control of attention: the contributions of goal neglect, response competition, and task set to Stroop interference.Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 132 (1):47.
  8. A controlled-attention view of working-memory capacity.Michael J. Kane, M. Kathryn Bleckley, Andrew R. A. Conway & Randall W. Engle - 2001 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 130 (2):169.
  9. The Oxford Handbook of Metaphysics.Michael J. Loux & Dean W. Zimmerman - 2004 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 66 (2):375-376.
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  10. Innate talents: Reality or myth?Michael J. A. Howe, Jane W. Davidson & John A. Sloboda - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):399-407.
    Talents that selectively facilitate the acquisition of high levels of skill are said to be present in some children but not others. The evidence for this includes biological correlates of specific abilities, certain rare abilities in autistic savants, and the seemingly spontaneous emergence of exceptional abilities in young children, but there is also contrary evidence indicating an absence of early precursors of high skill levels. An analysis of positive and negative evidence and arguments suggests that differences in early experiences, preferences, (...)
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  11.  37
    Moral responsibility and the interpretive turn: Children's changing conceptions of truth and rightness.Michael J. Chandler, Bryan W. Sokol & Darcy Hallett - 2001 - In Bertram Malle, L. J. Moses & Dare Baldwin (eds.), Intentions and Intentionality: Foundations of Social Cognition. MIT Press. pp. 345--365.
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  12.  41
    From the editors.Michael J. Reiss, Richard P. Haynes, Frans W. A. Brom & Jan D. Elliott - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):1-3.
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  13.  11
    Working memory capacity and redundant information processing efficiency.Michael J. Endres, Joseph W. Houpt, Chris Donkin & Peter R. Finn - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  14.  3
    What is Classical Liberal History?Michael J. Douma & Phillip W. Magness (eds.) - 2017 - Lexington Books.
    This collection examines the classical liberal perspective within the professional study of history. The contributors investigate the origins and development of the classical liberal approach, argue for its revival within academia, and analyze its relevance to such topics as economics, civil liberties, feminism, and civil rights.
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  15.  9
    A Christian Physician: Combining Conscience, Philanthropia, and Calling.Michael J. Sleasman & Gregory W. Rutecki - 2016 - Christian Bioethics 22 (3):340-362.
    When physicians today appeal to “conscience,” it has been alleged such exercises pejoratively reflect “conscience without consequence” as contemporary practitioners are said to be insulated from the consequences of such decisions. It has also been implied these physicians avoid traditional professional responsibilities—including providing charity care and making house or night calls. The assertions demand clarification. Fundamentally, what traits constitute an integrated professionalism specific to Christian physicians? Historical evidence verifies sanctity-of-life affirmations by Christian physicians throughout Church history. However, surveying Christian medical (...)
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  16.  66
    Spatial representations activated during real‐time comprehension of verbs.Daniel C. Richardson, Michael J. Spivey, Lawrence W. Barsalou & Ken McRae - 2003 - Cognitive Science 27 (5):767-780.
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  17.  32
    Reactions of Potential Jurors to a Hypothetical Malpractice Suit Alleging Failure to Perform a Prostate-Specific Antigen Test.Michael J. Barry, Pamela H. Wescott, Ellen J. Reifler, Yuchaio Chang & Benjamin W. Moulton - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):396-402.
    We conducted focus groups with 47 potential jurors who were presented with diferent scenarios in a hypothetical malpractice case involving failure to order a PSA test. Better documentation that a patient made an informed decision to decline a PSA test appeared to provide more medical-legal protection for physicians, especially with the use of a decision aid.
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  18.  24
    Reactions of Potential Jurors to a Hypothetical Malpractice Suit Alleging Failure to Perform a Prostate-Specific Antigen Test.Michael J. Barry, Pamela H. Wescott, Ellen J. Reifler, Yuchaio Chang & Benjamin W. Moulton - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (2):396-402.
    Screening for prostate cancer with the prostate-specific antigen blood test is controversial, as evidence to date has not demonstrated such screening does more good than harm. While the potential benefit of PSA screening on reducing prostate cancer mortality has not been documented in randomized trials, many risks of PSA screening have been well documented. These risks include a substantially higher risk of a prostate cancer diagnosis over a screenee’s lifetime, false-positive and false-negative test results, possible complications from biopsies done in (...)
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  19.  17
    Cuing with word senses: A test of generation-recognition theory.Michael J. Watkins & Norman W. Park - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 9 (1):25-28.
  20. Early modern writing and the new philosophy.J. W. Binns, Lorraine Daston, Katharine Park, Daniel Garber, Michael Ayers, Glyn P. Norton & Charles B. Schmitt - 1992 - Journal of the History of Ideas 53:541-51.
     
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  21.  68
    Natural born talents undiscovered.Michael J. A. Howe, Jane W. Davidson & John A. Sloboda - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):432-437.
    This Response addresses eight issues raised in the commentaries: (1) the question of how innate talents should be defined; (2) relationships between the talent account and broader views concerning genetic variability; (3) the quality of the empirical evidence for and against the talent account; (4) the possible involvement of innate influences on specific abilities; (5) the possibility of talent-like phenomena in autistic savants; (6) alternative explanations of exceptional expertise at skills; (7) practical and educational implications of the talent account and (...)
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  22.  22
    Putting short-term memory into context: Reply to Usher, Davelaar, Haarmann, and Goshen-Gottstein (2008).Michael J. Kahana, Per B. Sederberg & Marc W. Howard - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):1119-1125.
  23.  40
    What do working-memory tests really measure?Michael J. Kane, Andrew R. A. Conway & Randall W. Engle - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (1):101-102.
    Individuals may differ in the general-attention executive component or in the subordinate domain-specific “slave” components of working memory. Tasks requiring sustained memory representations across attention shifts are reliable, valid indices of executive abilities. Measures emphasizing specific processing skills may increase reliability within restricted samples but will not reflect the attention component responsible for the broad predictive validity of span tasks.
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  24.  22
    Rationality and the Social Sciences.Michael J. McGhee, S. I. Benn & G. W. Mortimore - 1977 - Philosophical Quarterly 27 (109):380.
  25.  21
    The Synoptic Vision: Essays on the Philosophy of Wilfrid Sellars.Cornelius Delaney, Michael J. Loux, Gary Gutting & W. David Solomon (eds.) - 1977 - University of Notre Dame Press.
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  26.  29
    Modeling the Dynamics of Risky Choice.Marieke M. J. W. van Rooij, Luis H. Favela, MaryLauren Malone & Michael J. Richardson - 2013 - Ecological Psychology 25:293-303.
    Individuals make decisions under uncertainty every day. Decisions are based on in- complete information concerning the potential outcome or the predicted likelihood with which events occur. In addition, individuals’ choices often deviate from the rational or mathematically objective solution. Accordingly, the dynamics of human decision making are difficult to capture using conventional, linear mathematical models. Here, we present data from a 2-choice task with variable risk between sure loss and risky loss to illustrate how a simple nonlinear dynamical system can (...)
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  27. Vague objects for those who want them.David W. Cowles & Michael J. White - 1991 - Philosophical Studies 63 (2):203 - 216.
  28.  15
    Postscript: Distinguishing between temporal context and short-term store.Marc W. Howard, Michael J. Kahana & Per B. Sederberg - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):1125-1126.
  29.  36
    A dynamical model of risky choice.Marieke M. J. W. van Rooij, Luis H. Favela, MaryLauren Malone & Michael J. Richardson - 2013 - Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society 35:1510-1515.
    Individuals make decisions under uncertainty every day based on incomplete information concerning the potential outcome of the choice or chance levels. The choices individuals make often deviate from the rational or mathematically objective solution. Accordingly, the dynamics of human decision-making are difficult to capture using conventional, linear mathematical models. Here, we present data from a two-choice task with variable risk between sure loss and risky loss to illustrate how a simple nonlinear dynamical system can be employed to capture the dynamics (...)
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  30.  15
    ‘Am I moving?’ An illusion of agency and ownership in mirror-touch synaesthesia.Maria Cristina Cioffi, Michael J. Banissy & James W. Moore - 2016 - Cognition 146 (C):426-430.
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  31.  14
    In-situnanoscale observations of the Mg2dehydroxylation and rehydroxylation mechanisms.Renu Sharma †, Michael J. McKelvy, Hamdallah Béarat, Andrew V. G. Chizmeshya & R. W. Carpenter - 2004 - Philosophical Magazine 84 (25-26):2711-2729.
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  32.  42
    Developing and Assessing New Technology: Popper, Monsanto and GMOs.Jeremy K. Hall & Michael J. C. Martin - 2003 - Philosophy of Management 3 (2):13-22.
    The UK launch of the Science Enterprise Challenge in 1999 has stimulated interest in the evolutions of science-based firms and this paper argues that Popper’s seminal diverse contributions to philosophy are directly relevant to them. It begins by commenting on the applications of both Kuhn’s and Popper’s concepts to technological (as against) scientific evolutions. It then suggests how Popper’s approaches are applicable to the development and assessment of new technology within the framework of Freeman’s stakeholders approach. Monsanto’s development of GMOs (...)
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  33.  34
    Meeting Newell's other challenge: Cognitive architectures as the basis for cognitive engineering.Wayne D. Gray, Michael J. Schoelles & Christopher W. Myers - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):609-610.
    We use the Newell Test as a basis for evaluating ACT-R as an effective architecture for cognitive engineering. Of the 12 functional criteria discussed by Anderson & Lebiere (A&L), we discuss the strengths and weaknesses of ACT-R on the six that we postulate are the most relevant to cognitive engineering.
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  34.  38
    Potential agricultural benefits through biotechnological manipulation of plant fungal associations.Scott W. Behie & Michael J. Bidochka - 2013 - Bioessays 35 (4):328-331.
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  35.  85
    A model for repair of radiation‐induced DNA double‐strand breaks in the extreme radiophile Deinococcus radiodurans.Kenneth W. Minton & Michael J. Daly - 1995 - Bioessays 17 (5):457-464.
    The bacterium Deinococcus (formerly Micrococcus) radiodurans and other members of the eubacterial family Deinococaceae are extremely resistant to ionizing radiation and many other agents that damage DNA. Stationary phase D. radiodurans exposed to 1.0‐1.5 Mrad γ‐irradiation sustains >120 DNA double‐strand breaks (dsbs) per chromosome; these dsbs are mended over a period of hours with 100% survival and virtually no mutagenesis. This contrasts with nearly all other organisms in which just a few ionizing radiation induced‐dsbs per chromosome are lethal. In this (...)
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  36.  57
    No evidence of intelligence improvement after working memory training: A randomized, placebo-controlled study.Thomas S. Redick, Zach Shipstead, Tyler L. Harrison, Kenny L. Hicks, David E. Fried, David Z. Hambrick, Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):359.
  37. Tone at the Top: An Ethics Code for Directors?Mark S. Schwartz, Thomas W. Dunfee & Michael J. Kline - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 58 (1-3):79-100.
    . Recent corporate scandals have focused the attention of a broad set of constituencies on reforming corporate governance. Boards of directors play a leading role in corporate governance and any significant reforms must encompass their role. To date, most reform proposals have targeted the legal, rather than the ethical obligations of directors. Legal reforms without proper attention to ethical obligations will likely prove ineffectual. The ethical role of directors is critical. Directors have overall responsibility for the ethics and compliance programs (...)
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  38. Working memory capacity and its relation to general intelligence.Andrew R. A. Conway, Michael J. Kane & Randall W. Engle - 2003 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (12):547-552.
  39.  14
    Village Japan.Edward Norbeck, R. K. Beardsley, J. W. Hall & R. E. Ward - 1959 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 79 (4):324.
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  40. From Africa to Zen: An Invitation to World Philosophy.Roger T. Ames, J. Baird Callicott, David L. Hall, Peter D. Hershock, Oliver Leaman, Janet McCracken, Robert A. McDermott, Eric Ormsby, Thomas W. Overholt, Graham Parkes, Roy Perrett, Stephen H. Phillips, Homayoon Sepasi-Tehrani & Jacqueline Trimier - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    In the second edition of this groundbreaking text in non-Western philosophy, sixteen experts introduce some of the great philosophical traditions in the world. The essays unveil exciting, sophisticated philosophical traditions that are too often neglected in the western world. The contributors include the leading scholars in their fields, but they write for students coming to these concepts for the first time. Building on revisions and updates to the original, this new edition also considers three philosophical traditions for the first time—Jewish, (...)
     
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  41.  11
    A context-based theory of recency and contiguity in free recall.Per B. Sederberg, Marc W. Howard & Michael J. Kahana - 2008 - Psychological Review 115 (4):893-912.
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  42.  22
    Do Competitive Environments Lead to the Rise and Spread of Unethical Behavior? Parallels from Enron.Brian W. Kulik, Michael J. O’Fallon & Manjula S. Salimath - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4):703-723.
    While top-down descriptors have received much attention in explaining corruption, we develop a grassroots model to describe structural factors that may influence the emergence and spread of an individual’s (un)ethical behavior within organizations. We begin with a discussion of the economics justification of the benefits of competition, a rationale used by firms to adopt structural aides such as the ‹stacking’ practice that was implemented at Enron. We discuss and develop an individual-level theory of planned behavior, then extend it to the (...)
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  43.  64
    Manipulating the Alpha Level Cannot Cure Significance Testing.David Trafimow, Valentin Amrhein, Corson N. Areshenkoff, Carlos J. Barrera-Causil, Eric J. Beh, Yusuf K. Bilgiç, Roser Bono, Michael T. Bradley, William M. Briggs, Héctor A. Cepeda-Freyre, Sergio E. Chaigneau, Daniel R. Ciocca, Juan C. Correa, Denis Cousineau, Michiel R. de Boer, Subhra S. Dhar, Igor Dolgov, Juana Gómez-Benito, Marian Grendar, James W. Grice, Martin E. Guerrero-Gimenez, Andrés Gutiérrez, Tania B. Huedo-Medina, Klaus Jaffe, Armina Janyan, Ali Karimnezhad, Fränzi Korner-Nievergelt, Koji Kosugi, Martin Lachmair, Rubén D. Ledesma, Roberto Limongi, Marco T. Liuzza, Rosaria Lombardo, Michael J. Marks, Gunther Meinlschmidt, Ladislas Nalborczyk, Hung T. Nguyen, Raydonal Ospina, Jose D. Perezgonzalez, Roland Pfister, Juan J. Rahona, David A. Rodríguez-Medina, Xavier Romão, Susana Ruiz-Fernández, Isabel Suarez, Marion Tegethoff, Mauricio Tejo, Rens van de Schoot, Ivan I. Vankov, Santiago Velasco-Forero, Tonghui Wang, Yuki Yamada, Felipe C. M. Zoppino & Fernando Marmolejo-Ramos - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
  44.  64
    Philosophy of Mind.G. Hegel, W. Wallace, A. Miller & Michael J. Inwood - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (4):770-770.
  45.  66
    Do competitive environments lead to the rise and spread of unethical behavior? Parallels from enron.Brian W. Kulik, Michael J. O’Fallon & Manjula S. Salimath - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 83 (4):703 - 723.
    While top-down descriptors have received much attention in explaining corruption, we develop a grassroots model to describe structural factors that may influence the emergence and spread of an individual’s (un)ethical behavior within organizations. We begin with a discussion of the economics justification of the benefits of competition, a rationale used by firms to adopt structural aides such as the ‹stacking’ practice that was implemented at Enron. We discuss and develop an individual-level theory of planned behavior, then extend it to the (...)
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  46. On the Fulfillment of Moral Obligation.Michael J. Zimmerman - 2006 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 9 (5):577-597.
    This paper considers three general views about the nature of moral obligation and three particular answers concerning the following question: if on Monday you lend me a book that I promise to return to you by Friday, what precisely is my obligation to you and what constitutes its fulfillment? The example is borrowed from W.D. Ross, who in The Right and the Good proposed what he called the Objective View of obligation, from which he inferred what is here called the (...)
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  47.  42
    Sex differences in scanning faces: Does attention to the eyes explain female superiority in facial expression recognition?Jessica K. Hall, Sam B. Hutton & Michael J. Morgan - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (4):629-637.
    Previous meta-analyses support a female advantage in decoding non-verbal emotion (Hall, 1978, 1984), yet the mechanisms underlying this advantage are not understood. The present study examined whether the female advantage is related to greater female attention to the eyes. Eye-tracking techniques were used to measure attention to the eyes in 19 males and 20 females during a facial expression recognition task. Women were faster and more accurate in their expression recognition compared with men, and women looked more at the (...)
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  48.  15
    Assessing Team Effectiveness by How Players Structure Their Search in a First‐Person Multiplayer Video Game.Patrick Nalepka, Matthew Prants, Hamish Stening, James Simpson, Rachel W. Kallen, Mark Dras, Erik D. Reichle, Simon G. Hosking, Christopher Best & Michael J. Richardson - 2022 - Cognitive Science 46 (10):e13204.
    Cognitive Science, Volume 46, Issue 10, October 2022.
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  49.  29
    CAHOST: An Excel Workbook for Facilitating the Johnson-Neyman Technique for Two-Way Interactions in Multiple Regression.Stephen W. Carden, Nicholas S. Holtzman & Michael J. Strube - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  50.  43
    Individual differences in imagery and the psychophysiology of emotion.Gregory A. Miller, Daniel N. Levin, Michael J. Kozak, Edwin W. Cook, Alvin McLean & Peter J. Lang - 1987 - Cognition and Emotion 1 (4):367-390.
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