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Michael J. Reiss [39]Michael Jonathan Reiss [3]
  1.  13
    An Aims-based Curriculum: the significance of human flourishing for schools.Michael Jonathan Reiss & John White - 2013 - Institute of Education Press.
    An Aims-based Curriculum spells out a ground-breaking alternative to the familiar school curriculum constructed around a number of largely academic subjects. Its starting point is not subjects, but what schools should be for. It argues that aims are not to be seen as high-sounding principles that can be easily ignored: they are the lifeblood of everything a school does. -/- The book begins with general aims to do with equipping each learner to lead a personally fulfilling life, and to help (...)
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  2.  42
    Ethical Challenges in Human Space Missions: A Space Refuge, Scientific Value, and Human Gene Editing for Space.Konrad Szocik, Ziba Norman & Michael J. Reiss - 2020 - Science and Engineering Ethics 26 (3):1209-1227.
    This article examines some selected ethical issues in human space missions including human missions to Mars, particularly the idea of a space refuge, the scientific value of space exploration, and the possibility of human gene editing for deep-space travel. Each of these issues may be used either to support or to criticize human space missions. We conclude that while these issues are complex and context-dependent, there appear to be no overwhelming obstacles such as cost effectiveness, threats to human life or (...)
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  3.  30
    Bovine Tuberculosis and Badger Control in Britain: Science, Policy and Politics.Steven P. McCulloch & Michael J. Reiss - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (4):469-484.
    Bovine tuberculosis is the most economically important animal health policy issue in Britain. The problem of what to do about badgers has plagued successive governments since a dead badger was discovered with bovine TB in 1971. Successive Labour governments oversaw the Randomised Badger Culling Trial from 1998 to 2006. Despite the RBCT recommendation against culling, the 2010–2015 Coalition government implemented pilot badger culls. This paper provides an account of the evolution of bovine TB and badger control policy, focusing on the (...)
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  4.  43
    A General Theory of Objectivity: Contributions from the Reformational Philosophy Tradition.Richard M. Gunton, Marinus D. Stafleu & Michael J. Reiss - 2022 - Foundations of Science 27 (3):941-955.
    Objectivity in the sciences is a much-touted yet problematic concept. It is sometimes held up as characterising scientific knowledge, yet operational definitions are diverse and call for such paradoxical genius as the ability to see without a perspective, to predict repeatability, to elicit nature’s own self-revelation, or to discern the structure of reality with inerrancy. Here we propose a positive and general definition of objectivity based on work in the Reformational philosophy tradition. We recognise a suite of relation-frames–ways in which (...)
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  5.  37
    The Development of an Animal Welfare Impact Assessment (AWIA) Tool and Its Application to Bovine Tuberculosis and Badger Control in England.Steven P. McCulloch & Michael J. Reiss - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (4):485-510.
    Bovine tuberculosis is a controversial animal health policy issue in England, which impacts farmers, the public, cattle and badgers. Badgers act as a wildlife reservoir of disease. Policy options for badger control include do nothing, badger culling, and badger vaccination. This paper argues for mandatory Animal Welfare Impact Assessment for all policy that significantly affects sentient animals. AWIA includes species description, and AWIA analysis stages. In this paper, AWIA is applied to impacts of bovine TB policy options on cattle and (...)
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  6.  18
    Imagining the World: The Significance of Religious Worldviews for Science Education.Michael J. Reiss - 2009 - Science & Education 18 (6-7):783-796.
  7.  13
    Science, Religion, and Ethics: The Boyle Lecture 2019.Michael J. Reiss - 2019 - Zygon 54 (3):793-807.
    How do we and should we decide what is morally right and what is morally wrong? For much of human history, the teachings of religion were presumed to provide either the answer, or much of the answer. Over time, two developments challenged this. The first was the establishment of the discipline of moral philosophy. Foundational texts, such as Immanuel Kant's Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, and the growth of coherent, nonreligious approaches to ethics, notably utilitarianism, served to marginalize the (...)
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  8.  28
    Bovine Tuberculosis and Badger Culling in England: A Utilitarian Analysis of Policy Options.Steven P. McCulloch & Michael J. Reiss - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (4):511-533.
    Bovine tuberculosis is an important animal health policy issue in Britain, which impacts farmers, the public, domestic farmed cattle and the wild badger population. The Westminster government’s badger culling policy in England, which began in 2013, has caused considerable controversy. This is in part because the Independent Scientific Group advised against culling, based on the Randomised Badger Culling Trial. Those opposed to badger culling support more stringent cattle-based measures and the vaccination of badgers. This paper argues for ethical analysis of (...)
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  9.  28
    Bovine Tuberculosis Policy in England: Would a Virtuous Government Cull Mr Badger?Steven P. McCulloch & Michael J. Reiss - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (4):551-563.
    Bovine tuberculosis is the most important animal health and welfare policy issue in Britain. Badgers are a wildlife reservoir of disease, although the eight-year Independent Scientific Group Randomised Badger Culling Trial concluded with a recommendation against culling. The report advised government that bovine TB could be controlled, and ultimately eradicated, by cattle-based measures alone. Despite the ISG recommendation against culling, the farming and veterinary industries continued to lobby government for a badger cull. The 2005–2010 Labour government followed the ISG advice (...)
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  10.  41
    Risk and sacrament: Being human in a covid‐19 world.Ziba Norman & Michael J. Reiss - 2020 - Zygon 55 (3):577-590.
    In this article we examine the changing relationship to risk as revealed by the covid-19 pandemic and the ways this has, and may in future, alter sacramental practice, considering the radical effects this could have on traditional Christian practice. We consider the cultural trends that may lie behind this developing approach to risk, examining this in the context of an emergent transhuman identity that is technologically moderated and seeks to overcome risks of human mortality.
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  11.  11
    The final frontier: what is distinctive about the bioethics of space missions? The cases of human enhancement and human reproduction.Konrad Szocik & Michael J. Reiss - 2022 - Monash Bioethics Review 41 (2):87-102.
    We examine the bioethical issues that arise from long-duration space missions, asking what there is that is distinctive about such issues. We pay particular attention to the possibility that such space missions, certainly if they lead to self-sustaining space settlements, may require human enhancement, and examine the significance of reproduction in space for bioethics. We conclude that while space bioethics raises important issues to do with human survival and reproduction in very hazardous environments, it raises no issues that are distinct (...)
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  12. How Should Creationism and Intelligent Design be Dealt with in the Classroom?Michael J. Reiss - 2011 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 45 (3):399-415.
    Until recently, little attention has been paid in the school classroom to creationism and almost none to intelligent design. However, creationism and possibly intelligent design appear to be on the increase and there are indications that there are more countries in which schools are becoming battle-grounds over them. I begin by examining whether creationism and intelligent design are controversial issues, drawing on Robert Dearden's epistemic criterion of the controversial and more recent responses to and defences of this. I then examine (...)
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  13.  16
    Bovine Tuberculosis and Badger Culling in England: An Animal Rights-Based Analysis of Policy Options.Steven P. McCulloch & Michael J. Reiss - 2017 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 30 (4):535-550.
    Bovine tuberculosis is an important and controversial animal health policy issue in England, which impacts humans, cattle and badgers. The government policy of badger culling has led to widespread opposition, in part due to the conclusions of a large field trial recommending against culling, and in part because badgers are a cherished wildlife species. Animal rights theorists argue that sentient nonhumans should be accorded fundamental rights against killing and suffering. In bovine TB policy, however, pro-culling actors claim that badgers must (...)
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  14.  33
    Holistic biology: What it is and why it matters.Fraser Watts & Michael J. Reiss - 2017 - Zygon 52 (2):419-441.
    Recent developments toward a more holistic biology do not eliminate reductionism and determinism, but they do suggest more complex forms of them, in which there are multiple, interacting influences, as there are in complex or chaotic systems. Though there is a place in biology for both systemic and atomistic modes of explanation, for those with a theological perspective the shift to complex explanations in biology is often welcome. It suggests a more subtle view of divine action in which God's purposes (...)
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  15.  26
    Evolution education: treating evolution as a sensitive rather than a controversial issue.Michael J. Reiss - 2019 - Ethics and Education 14 (3):351-366.
    Evolution is often seen as a site of contestation within the school curriculum. The topic of evolution is therefore often considered to be ‘controversial’. I first examine what is meant by ‘controversial’ and conclude that while, in an everyday sense, the topic of evolution can indeed be considered to be controversial, this term can mislead. A more fruitful way forward may be to regard the topic of evolution as ‘sensitive’. I examine reasons why evolution might be considered sensitive – noting (...)
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  16.  4
    Creationism and Intelligent Design.Michael J. Reiss - 2018 - In Ann Chinnery, Nuraan Davids, Naomi Hodgson, Kai Horsthemke, Viktor Johansson, Dirk Willem Postma, Claudia W. Ruitenberg, Paul Smeyers, Christiane Thompson, Joris Vlieghe, Hanan Alexander, Joop Berding, Charles Bingham, Michael Bonnett, David Bridges, Malte Brinkmann, Brian A. Brown, Carsten Bünger, Nicholas C. Burbules, Rita Casale, M. Victoria Costa, Brian Coyne, Renato Huarte Cuéllar, Stefaan E. Cuypers, Johan Dahlbeck, Suzanne de Castell, Doret de Ruyter, Samantha Deane, Sarah J. DesRoches, Eduardo Duarte, Denise Egéa, Penny Enslin, Oren Ergas, Lynn Fendler, Sheron Fraser-Burgess, Norm Friesen, Amanda Fulford, Heather Greenhalgh-Spencer, Stefan Herbrechter, Chris Higgins, Pádraig Hogan, Katariina Holma, Liz Jackson, Ronald B. Jacobson, Jennifer Jenson, Kerstin Jergus, Clarence W. Joldersma, Mark E. Jonas, Zdenko Kodelja, Wendy Kohli, Anna Kouppanou, Heikki A. Kovalainen, Lesley Le Grange, David Lewin, Tyson E. Lewis, Gerard Lum, Niclas Månsson, Christopher Martin & Jan Masschelein (eds.), International Handbook of Philosophy of Education. Springer Verlag. pp. 1247-1259.
    Until recently, little attention has been paid in the school classroom to creationism and almost none to intelligent design. However, creationism and intelligent design appear to be on the increase and there are indications that there are more countries in which schools are becoming battlegrounds over them. I begin by examining whether creationism and intelligent design are controversial issues, drawing on Robert Dearden’s epistemic criterion of the controversial and more recent responses to and defences of this. I then examine whether (...)
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  17.  44
    Human sociobiology.Michael J. Reiss - 1984 - Zygon 19 (2):117-140.
    Sociobiology is the scientific study of why organisms sometimes associate with other organisms. This paper surveys recent research on the reasons for altruism and aggression. It also considers the contributions an individual's genes and its environment make to its behavior, and it reviews functional theories for the evolution of cannibalism, polygamy, homosexuality, and infanticide in humans and other animals. Finally mention is made of the limited and generally negative attitude of sociobiology to religion.
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  18.  21
    The ethics of genetic research of intelligence.Michael J. Reiss - 2000 - Bioethics 14 (1):1–15.
    Should research on the possible genetic components of human intelligence be carried out? I first try to provide some general guidelines as to whether any particular piece of research should be undertaken and then consider the specific example of the ethics of genetic research on intelligence. The history of the debate on intelligence does not make one very optimistic that the fruits of such research would be used wisely. However, there are indications that people’s understanding of the nature of inheritance (...)
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  19.  19
    Consent, mutuality and respect for persons as standards for ethical sex and for sex education.Michael J. Reiss - 2022 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 56 (5):685-694.
    This article examines Lamb, Gable & de Ruyter's critique of consent as the standard by which one can determine if a sexual encounter is ethical in their ‘Mutuality in sexual relationships: a standard of ethical sex?’. Their examination of this issue is to be welcomed for a number of reasons, including growing criticism of ‘consent’ as the gold standard in medical and social science research ethics. The focus of this article is specifically on school sex education (principally, for 11–16-year-olds). Contrary (...)
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  20.  9
    Closing Remarks.Berry Billingsley, Keith Chappell & Michael J. Reiss - 2019 - In Berry Billingsley, Keith Chappell & Michael J. Reiss (eds.), Science and Religion in Education. Springer Verlag. pp. 349-353.
    This book has its origins in the output from a conference that took place in Oxford in the Autumn of 2016. The conference represented a ground-breaking attempt to bring together interdisciplinary researchers and practitioners in order to have a meaningful dialogue about the many issues that surround science and religion in an educational setting. Topics that have been at the forefront of the study of science and religion, such as evolution and the origins of the Universe, were considered from new (...)
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  21.  6
    Introduction.Berry Billingsley, Keith Chappell & Michael J. Reiss - 2019 - In Berry Billingsley, Keith Chappell & Michael J. Reiss (eds.), Science and Religion in Education. Springer Verlag. pp. 1-11.
    Questions which bridge science and religion cross many boundaries, and this is especially the case in schools and other educational institutions. The boundaries that a curriculum puts around different types of knowledge and different ways of constructing knowledge work well in so many ways in education, but they can become barriers to asking and exploring questions that bridge science and religion if they become systematic and entrenched. At the heart of this book and this introductory chapter, there is a belief (...)
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  22.  20
    Science and Religion in Education.Berry Billingsley, Keith Chappell & Michael J. Reiss (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This book brings together the latest research in education in relation to science and religion. Leading international scholars and practitioners provide vital insights into the underlying debates and present a range of practical approaches for teaching. Key themes include the origin of the universe, the theory of evolution, the nature of the human person, the nature of science and Artificial Intelligence. These are explored in a range of international contexts. The book provides a valuable resource for teachers, students and researchers (...)
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  23.  12
    The Multicultural Dimension of the National Curriculum.Anna S. King & Michael J. Reiss - 1993 - British Journal of Educational Studies 41 (4):410-411.
  24. Us $27.50,£ 21.95.Cary J. Nederman, John Christian Laursen, Michael J. Reiss & Roger Strayton - 1998 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 76 (2):357.
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  25.  10
    Adam Briggle and Carl Mitcham: Ethics and Science: An Introduction.Michael J. Reiss - 2014 - Science & Education 23 (10):2159-2160.
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  26.  22
    A response: “Genes, religion and society: The developing views of the churches”.Michael J. Reiss - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (3):289-292.
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  27.  11
    Beyond Bare Statistics.Michael J. Reiss - 2019 - In Berry Billingsley, Keith Chappell & Michael J. Reiss (eds.), Science and Religion in Education. Springer Verlag. pp. 119-121.
    Much of the science and religion debate has focussed on statistics. The chapters in this section go beyond bare statistics by examining more nuanced studies of science, religion and education with the aim of developing a deeper understanding of the issues at play when attempting to deal with the issues of science and religion in the classroom.
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  28.  32
    Ethical considerations at the various stages in the development, production, and consumption of GM crops.Michael J. Reiss - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):179-190.
    The aim of this paper is to clarify the ethical issuessurrounding GM crops by examining the various stages or levels intheir development, production, and consumption. Previous workabout the acceptability or non-acceptability of GM crops hastended to conflate these various levels, partly as a result ofwhich GM crops are all-too-often simply said to be ``good'''' or``bad.'''' There are, though, various problems with such a binarycategorization. I look in particular at the duties of scientists,companies, regulatory systems, farmers, retailers, and consumers.
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  29.  42
    From the editors.Michael J. Reiss, Richard P. Haynes, Frans W. A. Brom & Jan D. Elliott - 2001 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 14 (2):1-3.
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  30.  5
    A response: “Genes, religion and society: The developing views of the churches”.Michael J. Reiss - 1997 - Science and Engineering Ethics 3 (3):289-292.
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  31.  6
    Is It Possible That Robots Will Not One Day Become Persons?Michael J. Reiss - 2023 - Zygon 58 (4):1062-1075.
    That robots might become persons is increasingly explored in popular fiction and films and is receiving growing academic analysis. Here, I ask what would be necessary for robots not to become persons at some point. After examining the meanings of “robots” and “persons,” I discuss whether robots might not become persons from a range of perspectives: evolution (which has led over time from species that do not exhibit personhood to species that do), development (personhood is something into which each of (...)
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  32. Introduction to ethics and bioethics.Michael J. Reiss - forthcoming - Bioethics for Scientists:1--17.
     
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  33.  11
    Science Education and Student Diversity: Synthesis and Research Agenda ‐ By Okhee Lee and Aurolyn Luykx.Michael J. Reiss - 2008 - British Journal of Educational Studies 56 (4):485-486.
  34.  51
    The ethics of xenotransplantation.Michael J. Reiss - 2000 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (3):253–262.
  35.  13
    The new biology: a battle between mechanism and organicism.Michael J. Reiss - 2023 - London, England: Harvard University Press. Edited by Michael Ruse.
    In this accessible guide, science educator Michael J. Reiss and philosopher Michael Ruse argue that organicism-rather than mechanism-is the best way to understand the nature of life, and detail the resulting implications for biology, philosophy, education, and policy.
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  36.  27
    What Significance Does Christianity Have for Science Education?Michael J. Reiss - 2014 - In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer. pp. 1637-1662.
    In a number of countries, issues to do with religion seem increasingly to be of importance in school science lessons and some other science educational settings, such as museums. This chapter begins by discussing the nature of religion and the nature of science and then looks at understandings of possible relationships between science and Christianity with particular reference to such issues as determinism, evolution and the uses to which advances in scientific knowledge may be put. It then goes on to (...)
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  37.  23
    Environmental Education, Ethics and Citizenship Conference, Held at the Royal Geographical Society (with The Institute of British Geographers), 20 May 1998.Stephen Trudgill, Anna R. Davies, John Westaway, Cedric Cullingford, R. J. Berry, Sue Dale Tunnicliffe & Michael J. Reiss - 1999 - Ethics, Place and Environment 2 (1):81-114.
    The search for a worldwide environmental ethic is linked to the increase in environmental concern since (particularly) the 1960s, and the recognition that environmental problems can have a global i...To date, insufficient work has been carried out on how children view living organisms in the environment. In this study a large number of conversations were audio-taped and transcribed while primar...
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  38.  19
    Environmental education, ethics and citizenship conference, held at the Royal geographical society (with the institute of british geographers), 20 may 1998.Sue Dale Tunnicliffe & Michael J. Reiss - 1999 - Philosophy and Geography 2 (1):108 – 114.
    To date, insufficient work has been carried out on how children view living organisms in the environment. In this study a large number of conversations were audio-taped and transcribed while primary age pupils observed meal worms or brine shrimps (both of which are invertebrates) during science activities. Analysis revealed the ways in which the pupils interpreted what they saw in terms of their prior experience. We discuss the implications of these and others of our findings for school education and the (...)
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  39.  20
    [Book review] improving nature?, The science and ethics of genetic engineering. [REVIEW]Michael Jonathan Reiss & Roger Straughan - 2000 - Hastings Center Report 30 (2):41-43.
  40.  13
    AI in the dock: Ryan Abbott: The reasonable robot: Artificial Intelligence and the law. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2020, 156 pp, £22.99 PB. [REVIEW]Michael J. Reiss - 2022 - Metascience 31 (2):243-245.
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  41.  17
    Jacquelyn Ann K. Kegley, genetic knowledge: Human values and responsibility. [REVIEW]Michael J. Reiss - 2000 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 3 (4):455-456.