Results for 'Michael J. O���Brien'

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  1.  3
    Applying Evolutionary Archaeology a Systematic Approach.Michael J. O'Brien & R. Lee Lyman - 2000 - Springer Science & Business Media.
    Anthropology, and by extension archaeology, has had a long-standing interest in evolution in one or several of its various guises. Pick up any lengthy treatise on humankind written in the last quarter of the nineteenth century and the chances are good that the word evolution will appear somewhere in the text. If for some reason the word itself is absent, the odds are excellent that at least the concept of change over time will have a central role in the discussion. (...)
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  2.  35
    The Socratic Paradoxes in Plato Michael J. O'Brien: The Socratic Paradoxes and the Greek Mind. Pp. Xiv+249. Chapel Hill: North Carolina University Press (London: Oxford University Press), 1967. Cloth, £2·85 Net. [REVIEW]W. E. Charlton - 1971 - The Classical Review 21 (01):31-33.
  3.  12
    James A. Ford and the Growth of Americanist Archaeology. Michael J. O'Brien, R. Lee Lyman.Paul Fagette - 2000 - Isis 91 (1):205-206.
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  4.  92
    Cultural Niche Construction: An Introduction.Kevin N. Laland & Michael J. O’Brien - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):191-202.
    Niche construction is the process whereby organisms, through their activities and choices, modify their own and each other’s niches. By transforming natural-selection pressures, niche construction generates feedback in evolution at various different levels. Niche-constructing species play important ecological roles by creating habitats and resources used by other species and thereby affecting the flow of energy and matter through ecosystems—a process often referred to as “ecosystem engineering.” An important emphasis of niche construction theory is that acquired characters play an evolutionary role (...)
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  5.  40
    Mapping Collective Behavior in the Big-Data Era.R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O'Brien & William A. Brock - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):63-76.
    The behavioral sciences have flourished by studying how traditional and/or rational behavior has been governed throughout most of human history by relatively well-informed individual and social learning. In the online age, however, social phenomena can occur with unprecedented scale and unpredictability, and individuals have access to social connections never before possible. Similarly, behavioral scientists now have access to “big data” sets – those from Twitter and Facebook, for example – that did not exist a few years ago. Studies of human (...)
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  6.  23
    The Learning and Transmission of Hierarchical Cultural Recipes.Alex Mesoudi & Michael J. O’Brien - 2008 - Biological Theory 3 (1):63-72.
    Archaeologists have proposed that behavioral knowledge of a tool can be conceptualized as a “recipe”—a unit of cultural transmission that combines the preparation of raw materials, construction, and use of the tool, and contingency plans for repair and maintenance. This parallels theories in cognitive psychology that behavioral knowledge is hierarchically structured—sequences of actions are divided into higher level, partially independent subunits. Here we use an agent-based simulation model to explore the costs and benefits of hierarchical learning relative to holistic learning, (...)
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  7.  60
    The Family and the New Totalitarianism, by Michael D. O'Brien.D. J. Dooley - 1997 - The Chesterton Review 23 (4):483-488.
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  8. Orestes and the Gorgon: Euripides' Electra.Michael J. O'Brien - 1964 - American Journal of Philology 85 (1):13.
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  9. Scenes From Greek Drama.Michael J. O'Brien & Bruno Snell - 1966 - American Journal of Philology 87 (2):233.
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  10.  23
    Archaeology and Cultural Macroevolution.Michael J. O'Brien - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (4):359-360.
    Given the numerous parallels between the archaeological and paleontological records, it is not surprising to find a considerable fit between macroevolutionary approaches and methods used in biology – for example, cladistics and clade-diversity measures – and some of those that have long been used in archaeology – for example, seriation. Key, however, is recognizing that this methodological congruence is illusory in terms of how evolution has traditionally been viewed in biology and archaeology. (Published Online November 9 2006).
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  11.  61
    Hippias Major: An Interpretation. [REVIEW]Michael J. O'Brien - 1993 - The Classical Review 43 (1):185-186.
  12.  17
    Pelopid History and the Plot of Iphigenia in Tauris.Michael J. O'Brien - 1988 - Classical Quarterly 38 (01):98-.
    The plot of Iphigenia in Tauris is usually thought to be Euripides' own invention. Its basic assumption can be found in Proclus' summary of the Cypria, viz. that a deer was substituted for Iphigenia during the sacrifice at Aulis and that she herself was removed to the land of the Tauri. Her later rescue by Orestes and Pylades, however, cannot be traced with probability to any work of art or literature earlier than Euripides' play. In this play, in which Orestes (...)
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  13. And Technology: The Future of Anthropology.Michael J. O'Brien - 2010 - Ludus Vitalis 18 (33):321-324.
  14. Production and Imagination in Euripides: Form and Function of the Scenic Space.Michael J. O'Brien & Nicolaos C. Hourmouziades - 1968 - American Journal of Philology 89 (2):227.
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  15.  3
    Readings in Humanist Sociology: Social Criticism and Social Change.Walda Katz Fishman, George C. Benello, C. George Benello, Joseph Fashing, David G. Gil, Ted Goertzel, James Kelly, Alfred McClung Lee, Robert Newby, David J. O'Brien, Victoria Rader, Sal Restivo, Jerold M. Starr, Richard S. Sterne & Michael Zenzen - 1986 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Humanist sociologists are activists rooted in the reality of history and change and guided by a concern for the 'real life' problems of equality, peace, and social justice. They view people as active shapers of social life, capable of creating societies in which everyone's potential can unfold. Alfred McClung Lee introduces this volume with 'Sociology: Humanist and Scientific' and develops the theme that a sociology that is humanist is also scientific. The other nine selections are grouped into four parts: 'The (...)
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  16.  15
    Niche Construction is an Important Component of a Science of Intentional Change.Michael J. O'Brien - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (4):432-433.
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  17.  19
    Xenophanes, Aeschylus, and the Doctrine of Primeval Brutishness.Michael J. O'Brien - 1985 - Classical Quarterly 35 (02):264-.
    The belief that primitive men lived like beasts and that civilisation developed out of these brutal origins is found in numerous ancient authors, both Greek and Latin. It forms part of certain theories about the beginnings of culture current in late antiquity. These are notoriously difficult to trace to their sources, but they already existed in some form in the fifth century b.c. One idea common to these theories is that of progress, and for this reason a fragment of Xenophanes (...)
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  18.  3
    A Long View of Cumulative Technological Culture.Michael J. O'Brien & R. Alexander Bentley - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    We agree that the emergence of cumulative technological culture was tied to nonsocial cognitive skills, namely, technical-reasoning skills, which allowed humans to constantly acquire and improve information. Our concern is with a reading of the history of cumulative technological culture that is based largely on modern experiments in simulated settings and less on phenomena crucial to the long-term dynamics of cultural evolution.
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  19.  8
    Xenophanes, Aeschylus, and the Doctrine of Primeval Brutishness.Michael J. O'Brien - 1985 - Classical Quarterly 35 (2):264-277.
    The belief that primitive men lived like beasts and that civilisation developed out of these brutal origins is found in numerous ancient authors, both Greek and Latin. It forms part of certain theories about the beginnings of culture current in late antiquity. These are notoriously difficult to trace to their sources, but they already existed in some form in the fifth century b.c. One idea common to these theories is that of progress, and for this reason a fragment of Xenophanes (...)
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  20.  19
    Change in Perfusion, Hallucinations and Fluctuations in Consciousness in Dementia with Lewy Bodies.John T. O'Brien, Michael J. Firbank, Urs P. Mosimann, David J. Burn & Ian G. McKeith - 2005 - Psychiatry Research 139 (2):79-88.
  21.  9
    Mapping Multiple Drivers of Human Obesity.R. Alexander Bentley & Michael J. O'Brien - 2017 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 40.
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  22.  13
    More on Maps, Terrains, and Behaviors.R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O'Brien & William A. Brock - 2014 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 37 (1):105-119.
    The behavioral sciences have flourished by studying how traditional and/or rational behavior has been governed throughout most of human history by relatively well-informed individual and social learning. In the online age, however, social phenomena can occur with unprecedented scale and unpredictability, and individuals have access to social connections never before possible. Similarly, behavioral scientists now have access to “big data” sets – those from Twitter and Facebook, for example – that did not exist a few years ago. Studies of human (...)
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  23.  19
    Quality Versus Mere Popularity: A Conceptual Map for Understanding Human Behavior.R. Alexander Bentley, Michael J. O’Brien & Paul Ormerod - 2011 - Mind and Society 10 (2):181-191.
    We propose using a bi-axial map as a heuristic for categorizing different dynamics involved in the relationship between quality and popularity. The east–west axis represents the degree to which an agent’s decision is influenced by those of other agents. This ranges from the extreme western edge, where an agent learns individually (no outside influence), to the extreme eastern edge, where an agent is influenced by a large number of other agents. The vertical axis represents how easy or difficult it is (...)
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  24.  8
    Pelopid History and the Plot of Iphigenia in Tauris.Michael J. O'Brien - 1988 - Classical Quarterly 38 (1):98-115.
    The plot of Iphigenia in Tauris is usually thought to be Euripides' own invention. Its basic assumption can be found in Proclus' summary of the Cypria, viz. that a deer was substituted for Iphigenia during the sacrifice at Aulis and that she herself was removed to the land of the Tauri. Her later rescue by Orestes and Pylades, however, cannot be traced with probability to any work of art or literature earlier than Euripides' play. In this play, in which Orestes (...)
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  25.  5
    Enhancing Interpretability with Diffraction Imaging Using Plane-Wave Destruction Aided by Frequency-Wavenumber F-K Filtering.Brydon Lowney, Ivan Lokmer, Gareth Shane O’Brien, Lawrence Amy, Christopher J. Bean & Michael Igoe - 2020 - Interpretation 8 (3):T541-T554.
    A conventional processing workflow favors only the specular reflections, reducing or removing other wavefield interactions. These specular reflections are unsuitable for directly imaging sharp corners, such as those in fault zones and pinch outs; therefore, diffractions are used instead in a technique known as diffraction imaging. Plane-wave destruction is a well-established method for removing reflections and imaging diffractions. However, this method assumes a gently variable slope; therefore, it fails to remove energy in areas that do not follow this assumption such (...)
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  26.  74
    Niche Construction and the Toolkits of Hunter–Gatherers and Food Producers.Mark Collard, Briggs Buchanan, April Ruttle & Michael J. O’Brien - 2011 - Biological Theory 6 (3):251-259.
    In the study reported here we examined the impact of population size and two proxies of risk of resource failure on the diversity and complexity of the food-getting toolkits of hunter–gatherers and small-scale food producers. We tested three hypotheses: the risk hypothesis, the population-size hypothesis, and a hypothesis derived from niche construction theory. Our analyses indicated that the toolkits of hunter–gatherers are more affected by risk than are the toolkits of food producers. They also showed that the toolkits of food (...)
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  27.  18
    A Political Theology of Climate Change by Michael S. Northcott, And: Restored to Earth: Christianity, Environmental Ethics, and Ecological Restoration by Gretel Van Wieren.Kevin J. O'Brien - 2015 - Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics 35 (2):198-201.
  28.  1
    The Socratic Paradoxes and the Greek Mind.Harry Neumann & Michael J. O'Brien - 1969 - American Journal of Philology 90 (4):484.
  29. Michael D. O’Brien, Halcyon. Romanzo. [REVIEW]Fernando Pascual - 2014 - Alpha Omega 17 (2):340-343.
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  30. The Proximate Aim of Education, A Study of the Proper and Immediate End of Education.C. SS. R. KEVIN J. O’BRIEN - 1958
     
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  31.  13
    Kevin J. O'Brien, The Violence of Climate Change: Lessons of Resistance From Nonviolent Activists.Jamie McCauley - 2018 - Environmental Values 27 (5):585-587.
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  32.  15
    David J. O'Brien. American Catholics and Social Reform. The New Deal Years. 56s.David Martin - 1970 - Religious Studies 6 (3):294.
  33.  16
    The Effects of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Acute Aerobic Exercise on Executive Functioning and EEG Entropy in Adolescents.Michael J. Hogan, Denis O’Hora, Markus Kiefer, Sabine Kubesch, Liam Kilmartin, Peter Collins & Julia Dimitrova - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  34. Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah, Micah.Daniel J. Simundson & Julia M. O'Brien - 2005
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  35.  20
    Michael J. O'Donnell. Equational Logic as a Programming Language. Foundations of Computing. The MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., and London, 1985, Xv + 296 Pp. [REVIEW]Walter Taylor - 1987 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 52 (3):873-874.
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  36.  29
    Embodiment and Estrangement: Results From a First-in-Human “Intelligent BCI” Trial.F. Gilbert, M. Cook, T. O’Brien & J. Illes - 2019 - Science and Engineering Ethics 25 (1):83-96.
    While new generations of implantable brain computer interface devices are being developed, evidence in the literature about their impact on the patient experience is lagging. In this article, we address this knowledge gap by analysing data from the first-in-human clinical trial to study patients with implanted BCI advisory devices. We explored perceptions of self-change across six patients who volunteered to be implanted with artificially intelligent BCI devices. We used qualitative methodological tools grounded in phenomenology to conduct in-depth, semi-structured interviews. Results (...)
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  37.  12
    Confidentiality and the Duties of Care.J. O'Brien - 2003 - Journal of Medical Ethics 29 (1):36-40.
    Doctors have an ethical and legal duty to respect patient confidentiality. We consider the basis for this duty, looking particularly at the meaning and value of autonomy in health care. Enabling patients to decide how information about them is disclosed is an important element in autonomy and helps patients engage as active partners in their care.Good quality data is, however, essential for research, education, public health monitoring, and for many other activities essential to provision of health care. We discuss whether (...)
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  38.  33
    D. O'Brien: Théodicée Plotinienne, Théodicée Gnostique. . Pp. 117. Leiden, New York, Cologne: E. J. Brill, 1993. Cased, Gld. 80/$45.75. [REVIEW]Richard Gaskin - 1994 - The Classical Review 44 (2):409-409.
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  39.  6
    Samuel Hartlib's Influence on Robert Boyle's Scientific Development.John J. O'Brien - 1965 - Annals of Science 21 (1):1-14.
  40. Tilottama Rajan and Michael J. O'Driscoll, Eds., After Poststructuralism: Writing the Intellectual History of Theory Reviewed By. [REVIEW]James Kirwan - 2003 - Philosophy in Review 23 (3):206-208.
     
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  41.  5
    Whitney A. Bauman and Kevin J. O'Brien, Environmental Ethics and Uncertainty: Wrestling with Wicked Problems.Joseph D. Witt - 2020 - Environmental Values 29 (5):625-627.
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  42. Econatures : Science, Faith, Philosophy. Cooking the Truth : Faith, Science, the Market, and Global Warming / Laurel Kearns ; Ecospirituality and the Blurred Boundaries of Humans, Animals, and Machines / Glen A. Mazis ; Getting Over "Nature" : Modern Bifurcations, Postmodern Possibilities / Barbara Muraca ;Toward an Ethics of Biodiversity : Science and Theology in Environmentalist Dialogue / Kevin J. O'Brien ; Indigenous Knowing and Responsible Life in the World. [REVIEW]John Grim - 2007 - In Laurel Kearns & Catherine Keller (eds.), Ecospirit: Religions and Philosophies for the Earth. Fordham University Press.
     
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  43.  9
    Genes: Where to Find Them. Genetic Maps 1984, Volume 3. Edited by STEPHEN J. O'BRIEN. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory, 1984, Pp. 583. $28.00. [REVIEW]R. K. Herman - 1985 - Bioessays 2 (3):140-140.
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  44. The Limited Relevance of Neuroimaging in Insanity Evaluations. [REVIEW]Michael J. Vitacco, Emily Gottfried, Scott O. Lilienfeld & Ashley Batastini - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (3):249-260.
    Forensic evaluations of insanity have recently borne witness to an influx of neuroimaging methods, especially structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography, to assist in the development of explanations that help to excuse legal responsibility for criminal behavior. The results of these scanning methods have been increasingly introduced in legal settings to offer or support a clinical diagnosis that in turn suggests that an individual was incapable of knowing right from wrong, or to pinpoint brain dysfunction suggestive (...)
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  45.  9
    Amoralities Not for Turning: Reply to Cotkin.Michael O'Brien - 2008 - Journal of the History of Ideas 69 (2):323-326.
  46.  7
    Review Article III:... And NeoscholasticaDer Aufstieg Zum Einem: Untersuchungen Zu Platon Und PlotinPlotinus: An Introduction to the EnneadsTheodicee Plotinienne, Theodicee Gnostique. [REVIEW]M. J. Edwards, J. Halfwassen, D. J. O'Meara & D. O'Brien - 1994 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 114:175-177.
  47.  2
    The Limited Relevance of Neuroimaging in Insanity Evaluations. [REVIEW]Michael J. Vitacco, Emily Gottfried, Scott O. Lilienfeld & Ashley Batastini - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (3):249-260.
    Forensic evaluations of insanity have recently borne witness to an influx of neuroimaging methods, especially structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography, to assist in the development of explanations that help to excuse legal responsibility for criminal behavior. The results of these scanning methods have been increasingly introduced in legal settings to offer or support a clinical diagnosis that in turn suggests that an individual was incapable of knowing right from wrong, or to pinpoint brain dysfunction suggestive (...)
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  48. A Review of The Empirical Ethical Decision-Making Literature: 1996–2003. [REVIEW]Michael J. O’Fallon & Kenneth D. Butterfield - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 59 (4):375 - 413.
    This review summarizes and critiques the empirical ethical decision-making literature from 1996-2003. One hundred and seventy-four articles were published in top business journals during this period. Tables are included that summarize the findings by dependent variable - awareness, judgment, intent, and behavior. We compare this review with past reviews in order to draw conclusions regarding trends in the ethical decision-making literature and to surface directions for future research.
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  49. What is Life? The Next Fifty Years : Speculations on the Future of Biology.Michael P. Murphy & Luke A. J. O'Neill - 1995 - Cambridge University Press.
    Presents the views of eminent scientists on current problems in biology.
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  50.  1
    The Limited Relevance of Neuroimaging in Insanity Evaluations. [REVIEW]Michael J. Vitacco, Emily Gottfried, Scott O. Lilienfeld & Ashley Batastini - 2020 - Neuroethics 13 (3):249-260.
    Forensic evaluations of insanity have recently borne witness to an influx of neuroimaging methods, especially structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography, to assist in the development of explanations that help to excuse legal responsibility for criminal behavior. The results of these scanning methods have been increasingly introduced in legal settings to offer or support a clinical diagnosis that in turn suggests that an individual was incapable of knowing right from wrong, or to pinpoint brain dysfunction suggestive (...)
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