Results for 'Michael J. Klein'

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  1.  40
    “Some,” and possibly all, scalar inferences are not delayed: Evidence for immediate pragmatic enrichment.Daniel J. Grodner, Natalie M. Klein, Kathleen M. Carbary & Michael K. Tanenhaus - 2010 - Cognition 116 (1):42-55.
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  2.  18
    Book Reviews: Stories and Their Limits: Narrative Approaches to Bioethics, edited by Hilde Lindemann Nelson. New York: Routledge, 1997. 284 pp. The Fiction of Bioethics: Cases as Literary Texts, by Tod Chambers. New York: Routledge, 1999. 207 pp. [REVIEW]Michael J. Klein - 2002 - Journal of Medical Humanities 23 (2):159-161.
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  3.  9
    Attention to emotion and reliance on feelings in decision-making: Variations on a pleasure principle.Michael D. Robinson, Robert J. Klein, Roberta L. Irvin & Avianna Z. McGregor - 2021 - Cognition 217 (C):104904.
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  4.  31
    Visual dominance: An information-processing account of its origins and significance.Michael I. Posner, Mary J. Nissen & Raymond M. Klein - 1976 - Psychological Review 83 (2):157-171.
  5.  18
    Darwinian Evolution and Classical Liberalism: Theories in Tension.Logan Paul Gage, Bruce L. Gordon, Shawn E. Klein, Peter Lawler, Roger Masters, Angus Menuge, Michael J. White, Jay W. Richards, Timothy Sandefur, Richard Weikart, John West & Benjamin Wiker (eds.) - 2013 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Darwinian Evolution and Classical Liberalism brings together a collection of new essays that examine the multifaceted ferment between Darwinian biology and classical liberalism.
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  6.  61
    Book Review Section 3. [REVIEW]Phillip L. Smith, Lawrence D. Klein, Kristin Egelhof, Neela Trivedi, Mary P. Hoy, Harold J. Frantz, J. Theodore Klein, Phillip H. Steedman, William E. Roweton, Mary Jeanne Munroe, Larry Janes, Beverly Lindsay, Ellen Hay Schiller, Paul Albert Emoungu, F. Michael Perko, Susan Frissell, Stephen K. Miller, Samuel M. Vinocur, Fred D. Gilbert Jr, Elizabeth Sherman Swing & Gerald A. Postiglione - 1981 - Educational Studies 12 (4):483-514.
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  7.  89
    Decoding the Brain: Neural Representation and the Limits of Multivariate Pattern Analysis in Cognitive Neuroscience.J. Brendan Ritchie, David Michael Kaplan & Colin Klein - 2019 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 70 (2):581-607.
    Since its introduction, multivariate pattern analysis, or ‘neural decoding’, has transformed the field of cognitive neuroscience. Underlying its influence is a crucial inference, which we call the decoder’s dictum: if information can be decoded from patterns of neural activity, then this provides strong evidence about what information those patterns represent. Although the dictum is a widely held and well-motivated principle in decoding research, it has received scant philosophical attention. We critically evaluate the dictum, arguing that it is false: decodability is (...)
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  8. Decoding the Brain: Neural Representation and the Limits of Multivariate Pattern Analysis in Cognitive Neuroscience.J. Brendan Ritchie, David Michael Kaplan & Colin Klein - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx023.
    Since its introduction, multivariate pattern analysis, or ‘neural decoding’, has transformed the field of cognitive neuroscience. Underlying its influence is a crucial inference, which we call the decoder’s dictum: if information can be decoded from patterns of neural activity, then this provides strong evidence about what information those patterns represent. Although the dictum is a widely held and well-motivated principle in decoding research, it has received scant philosophical attention. We critically evaluate the dictum, arguing that it is false: decodability is (...)
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  9.  43
    On Jean Améry: Philosophy of Catastrophe.Magdalena Zolkos, J. M. Bernstein, Roy Ben-Shai, Thomas Brudholm, Arne Grøn, Dennis B. Klein, Kitty J. Millet, Joseph Rosen, Philipa Rothfield, Melanie Steiner Sherwood, Wolfgang Treitler, Aleksandra Ubertowska, Michael Ure, Anna Yeatman & Markus Zisselsberger - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    This volume offers the first English language collection of academic essays on the post-Holocaust thought of Jean Améry, a Jewish-Austrian-Belgian essayist, journalist and literary author. Comprehensive in scope and multi-disciplinary in orientation, contributors explore central aspects of Améry's philosophical and ethical position, including dignity, responsibility, resentment, and forgiveness.
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  10.  27
    The negative feedback dysregulation effect: losses of motor control in response to negative feedback.Robert J. Klein & Michael D. Robinson - 2018 - Cognition and Emotion 33 (3):536-547.
    ABSTRACTNegative feedback has paradoxical features to it. This form of feedback can have informational value under some circumstances, but it can also threaten the ego, potentially upsetting behaviour as a result. To investigate possible consequences of the latter type, two experiments presented positive or negative feedback within a sequence-prediction task that could not be solved. Following feedback, participants had to control their behaviours as effectively as possible in a motor control task. Relative to positive feedback, negative feedback undermined control in (...)
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  11.  89
    The continuous and the discrete: ancient physical theories from a contemporary perspective.Michael J. White - 1992 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    This book presents a detailed analysis of three ancient models of spatial magnitude, time, and local motion. The Aristotelian model is presented as an application of the ancient, geometrically orthodox conception of extension to the physical world. The other two models, which represent departures from mathematical orthodoxy, are a "quantum" model of spatial magnitude, and a Stoic model, according to which limit entities such as points, edges, and surfaces do not exist in (physical) reality. The book is unique in its (...)
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  12. Sceptical theism and evidential arguments from evil.Michael J. Almeida & Graham Oppy - 2003 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81 (4):496 – 516.
    Sceptical theists--e.g., William Alston and Michael Bergmann--have claimed that considerations concerning human cognitive limitations are alone sufficient to undermine evidential arguments from evil. We argue that, if the considerations deployed by sceptical theists are sufficient to undermine evidential arguments from evil, then those considerations are also sufficient to undermine inferences that play a crucial role in ordinary moral reasoning. If cogent, our argument suffices to discredit sceptical theist responses to evidential arguments from evil.
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  13.  26
    The Creolizing Subject: Race, Reason, and the Politics of Purity.Michael J. Monahan - 2022 - Fordham University Press.
    How does our understanding of the reality (or lack thereof ) of race as a category of being affect our understanding of racism as a social phenomenon, and vice versa? How should we envision the aims and methods of our struggles against racism? Traditionally, the Western political and philosophical tradition held that true social justice points toward a raceless future—that racial categories are themselves inherently racist, and a sincere advocacy for social justice requires a commitment to the elimination or abolition (...)
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  14. Stoic natural philosophy (physics and cosmology).Michael J. White - 2003 - In Brad Inwood (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Stoics. Cambridge University Press. pp. 142.
  15.  18
    Vividness of recollection is supported by eye movements in individuals with high, but not low trait autobiographical memory.Michael J. Armson, Nicholas B. Diamond, Laryssa Levesque, Jennifer D. Ryan & Brian Levine - 2021 - Cognition 206 (C):104487.
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  16.  73
    Molyneux's question: vision, touch, and the philosophy of perception.Michael J. Morgan - 1977 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    If a man born blind were to gain his sight in later life would he be able to identify the objects he saw around him? Would he recognise a cube and a globe on the basis of his earlier tactile experiences alone? This was William Molyneux's famous question to John Locke and it was much discussed by English and French empiricists in the eighteenth century as part of the controversy over innatism and abstract ideas. Dr Morgan examines the whole history (...)
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  17.  61
    Look, Ma! No Frans!Michael J. Wreen - 1994 - Pragmatics and Cognition 2 (2):285-306.
    This paper criticizes the pragma-dialectical conception of a fallacy, according to which a fallacy is an argumentative speech act which violates one or more of the rules of 'rational discussion'. That conception is found to be neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for committing a fallacy. It is also found wanting in several other respects.
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  18.  9
    Agency and Integrality: Philosophical Themes in the Ancient Discussions of Determinism and Responsibility.Michael J. White - 1985 - Springer.
    It is not very surprising that it was no less true in antiquity than it is today that adult human beings are held to be responsible for most of their actions. Indeed, virtually all cultures in all historical periods seem to have had some conception of human agency which, in the absence of certain responsibility-defeating conditions, entails such responsibility. Few philosophers have had the temerity to maintain that this entailment is trivial because such responsibility-defeating conditions are always present. Another not (...)
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  19.  68
    Fatalism and causal determinism: An aristotelian essay.Michael J. White - 1981 - Philosophical Quarterly 31 (124):231-241.
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  20. Jealousy.Michael J. Wreen - 1989 - Noûs 23 (5):635-652.
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  21.  56
    Zeno's A rrow, Divisible Infinitesimals, and Chrysippus.Michael J. White - 1982 - Phronesis 27 (3):239 - 254.
  22.  44
    May the force be with you.Michael J. Wreen - 1988 - Argumentation 2 (4):425-440.
    This paper is a critical assessment of argumentum ad baculum, or appeal to force. Its principal contention is that, contrary to common opinion, there is no general fallacy of ad baculum. Most real-life ad baculums are, in fact, fairly strong. A basic logical form for reconstructed ad baculums is proposed, and a number of heterodoxical conclusions are also advanced and argued for. They include that ad baculum is not necessarily a prudential argument, that ad baculum need not involve force, violence, (...)
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  23.  16
    Can Unequal Quantities of Stuffs Be Totally Blended?Michael J. White - 1986 - History of Philosophy Quarterly 3 (4):379 - 389.
  24.  19
    Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation in Sports Training: Potential Approaches.Michael J. Banissy & Neil G. Muggleton - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  25.  11
    Aristotle on the Infinite, Space, and Time.Michael J. White - 2009 - In Georgios Anagnostopoulos (ed.), A Companion to Aristotle. Oxford, UK: Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 260–276.
    This chapter contains sections titled: Aristotle on the Infinite (to apeiron): From Cosmological Principle to Mathematical Operation Aristotle on Space: Magnitude (megethos) and Place (topos) Aristotle on Time: The “Number of Motion” and “Ever‐rolling Stream” Bibliography.
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  26. Opportunistic carnivorism.Michael J. Almeida & Mark H. Bernstein - 2000 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 17 (2):205–211.
    Some carnivores defend the position that the opportunistic consumption of meat is morally permissible even under the assumption that it is morally wrong to act in ways that ause unnecessary suffering to sentient beings. Ordering and consuming chicken once a week, they argue, will not increase the numbers of chickens suffering or slaughtered, since the system of purchasing and farming chickens is not sufficiently fine‐tuned to register differences at margin. We argue that, insensitivity of the market notwithstanding, consistent consequentialists are (...)
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  27.  13
    Motion and motion's God.Michael J. Buckley - 1971 - [Princeton, N.J.]: Princeton University Press.
    The existence of God as demonstrated from motion has preoccupied men in every age, and still stands as one of the critical questions of philosophic inquiry. The four thinkers Father Buckley discusses were selected because their methods of reasoning exhibit sharp contrasts when they are juxtaposed. Originally published in 1971. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These paperback editions preserve the original texts (...)
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  28.  30
    The Creolizing Subject: Race, Reason, and the Politics of Purity.Michael J. Monahan - 2011 - Just Ideas.
    How does our understanding of the reality (or lack thereof ) of race as a category of being affect our understanding of racism as a social phenomenon, and vice versa? How should we envision the aims and methods of our struggles against racism? Traditionally, the Western political and philosophical tradition held that true social justice points toward a raceless future--that racial categories are themselves inherently racist, and a sincere advocacy for social justice requires a commitment to the elimination or abolition (...)
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  29.  51
    Respecting What We Destroy: Reflections on Human Embryo Research.Michael J. Meyer & Lawrence J. Nelson - 2001 - Hastings Center Report 31 (1):16-23.
    The thought that human embryos could command moral respect yet also be acceptably used in medical research has struck some as incoherent. Given some assumptions about why they deserve respect, however, the thought is not objectionable, indeed not even unusual.
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  30. Can Time Pass at the Rate of 1 Second Per Second?Michael J. Raven - 2011 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):459 - 465.
    Some believe reality is dynamic: time passes, not just in our experience of reality, but objectively, in reality itself. There are many objections to this view. I focus on the rate objection: that time passes only if it passes at the rate of 1 second per second, but that it cannot coherently pass at that rate. Existing replies to this objection do not fully engage with its motivation. My aim is to refute the rate objection. Time can coherently pass at (...)
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  31. The Logical Problem of Evil Regained.Michael J. Almeida - 2012 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 36 (1):163-176.
  32.  51
    Aristotle on Sleep and Dreams.Michael J. Woods - 1992 - Apeiron 25 (3):179 - 188.
  33.  28
    A Bolt of Fear.Michael J. Wreen - 1989 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 22 (2):131 - 140.
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  34.  22
    Absent Thee from Fallacy a While?Michael J. Wreen - 1997 - Philosophy and Rhetoric 30 (4):351 - 366.
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  35.  27
    The definition of death.Michael J. Wreen - 1987 - Public Affairs Quarterly 1 (4):87-99.
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  36.  67
    The standing is slippery.Michael J. Wreen - 2004 - Philosophy 79 (4):553-572.
    This paper is a critical examination of the so-called slippery slope argument for the conservative position on abortion. The argument was discussed in the philosophic literature some time back, but has since fallen into disfavor. The argument is first exposed and a general objection to it is advanced, then rebutted. Rosalind Hursthouse's more detailed and stronger objection is next aired, but also found less than convincing. In the course of discussing her objection, the correct form of the argument is identified, (...)
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  37.  44
    A Worldwide Examination of Exchange Market Quality: Greater Integrity Increases Market Efficiency.Michael J. Aitken, Frederick H. de B. Harris & Shan Ji - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 132 (1):147-170.
    We develop a framework for assessing security market quality, relating five elements of market design to three metrics of market integrity and two metrics of market efficiency. We empirically implement this integrity–efficiency MQ framework by testing a hypothesis that trade-based ramping manipulation at the close raises execution costs on 24 security markets worldwide. Estimating a simultaneous equations model of ramping incidence, spreads, and the probability of deploying real-time surveillance, we show that quoted bid-ask spreads are positively related to the incidence (...)
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  38.  39
    Abstract relations: bibliography and the infra-structures of modern mathematics.Michael J. Barany - 2021 - Synthese 198 (S26):6277-6290.
    Beginning at the end of the nineteenth century, systematic scientific abstracting played a crucial role in reconfiguring the sciences on an international scale. For mathematicians, the 1931 launch of the Zentralblatt für Mathematik and 1940 launch of Mathematical Reviews marked and intensified a fundamental transformation, not just to the geographic scale of professional mathematics but to the very nature of mathematicians’ research and theories. It was not an accident that mathematical abstracting in this period coincided with an embrace across mathematical (...)
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  39. What’s Really Wrong with Adultery.Michael J. Wreen - 1986 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 3 (2):45-49.
  40. A Second Form of Argument from Analogy.Michael J. Wreen - 2007 - Theoria 73 (3):221-239.
    One form of argument from analogy is identified and Stephen Barker's remarks about a second kind of argument from analogy, non-inductive (and non-deductive) argument from analogy, are used as a springboard to identify a second form. That form is then refined, explained, exemplified, and related to the first form. It is argued that there is a spectrum of different forms of argument from analogy, with the two forms identified being end points on the spectrum. Except in terms of form, however, (...)
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  41.  21
    Partisan or Neutral?: The Futility of Public Political Theory.Michael J. White - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Partisan or Neutral? critically examines the Rawlsian ideal of a public, supposedly neutral, political theory meant to justify contemporary constitutional democracies. Placing this ideal-appealed to by neo-natural law theorists and advocates of "public theology" as well as by political theorists-against the background of the history of political liberalism, White shows its contradictory nature. He argues that any such legitimating theory will be 'partisan,' in the sense of appealing to convictions concerning the human good that will not be universally accepted. He (...)
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  42. Aristotle on 'Time' and 'A Time'.Michael J. White - 1989 - Apeiron 22 (3):207 - 224.
  43.  53
    The Problem of Aristotle’s Nous Poiêtikos.Michael J. White - 2004 - Review of Metaphysics 57 (4):725-739.
    DESPITE THE WELL-KNOWN historical significance of Aristotle’s doctrine of the productive or active intellect it is not unusual to find contemporary discussions treating the doctrine as an excrescence on the text of the De anima, a work, it is frequently nowadays supposed, in which an otherwise securely naturalistic epistemology and rational psychology are developed. Although the doctrine of the intellectus agens is found only in one place in Aristotle’s extant texts, the third book of the De anima, I shall nonetheless (...)
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  44.  20
    The Spatial Arrow Paradox.Michael J. White - 1987 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 68 (1):71-77.
  45.  25
    What Worried the Crows?Michael J. White - 1986 - Classical Quarterly 36 (02):534-.
    A well-known epigram by Callimachus on the philosopher Diodorus Cronus reads as follows:The question of the third line, while perhaps recondite from a contemporary perspective, was clear in antiquity. The crows are asking ‘What follows ?’, in allusion to the Hellenistic disputes concerning the truth conditions of conditional propositions , disputes in which the views of Diodorus figured prominently.I agree with Sedley that the question of the last line is ‘much more problematic’. The common interpretation has been to read the (...)
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  46.  63
    Patients' duties.Michael J. Meyer - 1992 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 17 (5):541-555.
    This paper argues that patients' duties are derivable from the idea which typically grounds the idea of patients' rights: patient autonomy. The autonomous patient, joined in partnership with the health care professional, has self-regarding obligations and obligations to others, including health care professionals. Patients' duties include, but are not limited to: a duty to be honest about why the patient seeks care; a duty to collect information on available treatments and likely side-effects; a duty for a patient who has an (...)
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  47.  13
    Collaboration in collaborative learning.Michael J. Baker - 2015 - Interaction Studies 16 (3):451-473.
    This paper presents a theorisation of collaborative activity that was developed in the research field known as “collaborative learning”, in order to understand the processes of co-elaboration of meaning and knowledge. Collaboration, as distinguished from cooperation, coordination and collective activity, is defined as a continued and conjoined effort towards elaborating a “joint problem space” of shared representations of the problem to be solved. An approach to analysing the processes of co-construction of a joint problem space is outlined, in terms of (...)
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  48.  22
    Collaboration in collaborative learning.Michael J. Baker - 2015 - Interaction Studies. Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies / Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systemsinteraction Studies 16 (3):451-473.
    This paper presents a theorisation of collaborative activity that was developed in the research field known as “collaborative learning”, in order to understand the processes of co-elaboration of meaning and knowledge. Collaboration, as distinguished from cooperation, coordination and collective activity, is defined as a continued and conjoined effort towards elaborating a “joint problem space” of shared representations of the problem to be solved. An approach to analysing the processes of co-construction of a joint problem space is outlined, in terms of (...)
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  49.  4
    Grain boundary kinking in f.c.c. bi-crystals.Michael J. Weins & Janine J. Weins - 1972 - Philosophical Magazine 26 (4):885-896.
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  50. Agency and Integrality. Philosophical Themes in the Ancient Discussions of Determinism and Responsability, « Philosophical Studies. Series in Philosophy, 32 ».Michael J. White - 1988 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 178 (2):237-238.
     
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