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Michael Gorman
Catholic University of America
  1. The Essential and the Accidental.Michael Gorman - 2005 - Ratio 18 (3):276–289.
    The distinction between the essential and the accidental characteristics of a thing should be understood not in modal terms (the received view) nor in definitional terms (Fine’s recent proposal) but as follows: an essential characteristic of a thing is one that is not explained by any other of that thing’s characteristics, and an accidental characteristic of a thing is one that is so explained. Various versions of this proposal can be formulated.
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  2.  22
    Societal Dimensions of Nanotechnology as a Trading Zone: Results From a Pilot Project.Michael E. Gorman, James F. Groves & Jeff Shrager - 2004 - In Baird D. (ed.), Discovering the Nanoscale. Ios. pp. 63--77.
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  3.  43
    Intellectual Property Rights, Moral Imagination, and Access to Life-Enhancing Drugs.Michael Gorman - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (4):595-613.
    Although the idea of intellectual property (IP) rights—proprietary rights to what one invents, writes, paints, composes or creates—is firmlyembedded in Western thinking, these rights are now being challenged across the globe in a number of areas. This paper will focus on one of these challenges: government-sanctioned copying of patented drugs without permission or license of the patent owner in the name of national security, in health emergencies, or life-threatening epidemics. After discussing standard rights-based and utilitarian arguments defending intellectual property we (...)
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  4. Aquinas on the Metaphysics of the Hypostatic Union.Michael Gorman - 2017 - Cambridge University Press.
    The hypostatic union of Christ, namely his being simultaneously human and divine, is one of the founding doctrines of Christian theology. In this book Michael Gorman presents the first full-length treatment of Aquinas's metaphysics of the hypostatic union. After setting out the historical and theological background, he examines Aquinas's metaphysical presuppositions, explains the basic elements of his account of the hypostatic union, and then enters into detailed discussions of four areas where it is more difficult to get a clear understanding (...)
     
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  5.  3
    Christological Consistency and the Reduplicative Qua.Michael Gorman - 2014 - Journal of Analytic Theology 2:86-100.
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  6. Independence and Substance.Michael Gorman - 2006 - International Philosophical Quarterly 46 (2):147-159.
    The paper takes up a traditional view that has also been a part of some recent analytic metaphysics, namely, the view that substance is to be understood in terms of independence. Taking as my point of departure some recent remarks by Kit Fine, I propose reviving the Aristotelian-scholastic idea that the sense in which substances are independent is that they are non-inherent, and I do so by developing a broad notion of inherence that is more usable in the context of (...)
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  7.  40
    Moral Imagination, Trading Zones, and the Role of the Ethicist in Nanotechnology.Michael E. Gorman, Patricia H. Werhane & Nathan Swami - 2009 - NanoEthics 3 (3):185-195.
    The societal and ethical impacts of emerging technological and business systems cannot entirely be foreseen; therefore, management of these innovations will require at least some ethicists to work closely with researchers. This is particularly critical in the development of new systems because the maximum degrees of freedom for changing technological direction occurs at or just after the point of breakthrough; that is also the point where the long-term implications are hardest to visualize. Recent work on shared expertise in Science & (...)
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  8.  27
    Confirmation, Disconfirmation, and Invention: The Case of Alexander Graham Bell and the Telephone.Michael E. Gorman - 1995 - Thinking and Reasoning 1 (1):31 – 53.
  9.  2
    Interpreting Invention as a Cognitive Process: The Case of Alexander Graham Bell, Thomas Edison, and the Telephone.W. Bernard Carlson & Michael E. Gorman - 1990 - Science, Technology and Human Values 15 (2):131-164.
    Historians of technology have provided important accounts of technological innovation, but they rarely employ concepts which permit a rigorous analysis ofinvention as a mental or cognitive process. This article seeks to address this theoretical lacuna by using concepts adapted from cognitive psychology to compare the mental processes of two telephone inventors, Alexander Graham Bell and Thomas Edison. Specifically, we suggest that invention may be seen as a process in which inventors combine ideas with objects, or what we call mental models (...)
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  10.  97
    Personhood, Potentiality, and Normativity.Michael Gorman - 2011 - American Catholic Philosophical Quarterly 85 (3):483-498.
    The lives of persons are valuable, but are all humans persons? Some humans—the immature, the damaged, and the defective—are not capable, here and now, of engaging in the rational activities characteristic of persons, and for this reason, one might call their personhood into question. A standard way of defendingit is by appeal to potentiality: we know they are persons because we know they have the potentiality to engage in rational activities. In this paper I develop acomplementary strategy based on normativity. (...)
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  11.  23
    Classical Theism, Classical Anthropology, and the Christological Coherence Problem.Michael Gorman - 2016 - Faith and Philosophy 33 (3):278-292.
    The traditional claim that Christ is one person who is both divine and human might seem inconsistent with classical conceptions of understanding divinity and humanity. For example, the classical understanding of divinity would seem to require us to hold that divine beings are immaterial, while the classical understanding of humanity would seem to require us to hold that human beings are material, leaving us unable to speak consistently of one person who is divine and human both. This paper argues that (...)
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  12.  64
    Substance and Identity-Dependence.Michael Gorman - 2006 - Philosophical Papers 35 (1):103-118.
    There is no consensus on how to define substance, but one popular view is that substances are entities that are independent in some sense or other. E. J. Lowe’s version of this approach stresses that substances are not dependent on other particulars for their identity. I develop the meaning of this proposal, defend it against some criticisms, and then show that others do require that the theory be modified.
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  13. Incarnation.Michael Gorman - 2011 - In Brian Davies & Eleonore Stump (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Aquinas. Oxford University Press.
    According to Christian belief, Jesus Christ is a divine person who became “incarnate,” i.e., who became human. A key event in the second act of the drama of creation and redemption, the incarnation could not have failed to interest Aquinas, and he discusses it in a number of places. A proper understanding of what he thought about it is thus part of any complete understanding of his work. It is, furthermore, a window into his ideas on a variety of other (...)
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  14. Talking About Intentional Objects.Michael Gorman - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (2):135-144.
    Discusses the old problem of how to characterize apparently intentional states that appear to lack objects. In tandem with critically discussing a recent proposal by Tim Crane, I develop the line of reasoning according to which talking about intentional objects is really a way of talking about intentional states—in particular, it’s a way of talking about their satisfaction-conditions.
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  15.  13
    Using History to Teach Invention and Design: The Case of the Telephone.Michael E. Gorman & J. Kirby Robinson - 1998 - Science & Education 7 (2):173-201.
  16. Christ as Composite According to Aquinas.Michael Gorman - 2000 - Traditio 55:143-157.
    In this paper I explain Thomas Aquinas's view that Christ is a composite person, and then I explain the role of Christ's compositeness in Thomas‘s solutions to a range of Christological problems. On the topics I will be discussing, Thomas‘s views did not change significantly over the course of his career; for the sake of simplicity, then, I will focus on texts from the Summa theologiae, citing parallels in the notes.
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  17.  53
    Two Types of Features: An Aristotelian Approach.Michael Gorman - 2014 - Ratio 27 (2):140-154.
    A certain theory of substance, one that grows out of Aristotelian philosophy but which has adherents today as well, draws a distinction between the features a substance has by instantiating a universal and the features it has by possessing a trope. An adherent of this theory might say that a certain cat is red because it possesses a redness-trope, but that it is a cat because it instantiates the universal CAT. A problem that must be faced by philosophers who hold (...)
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  18. The Future of Cognitive Studies of Science and Technology.Michael E. Gorman, Ryan D. Tweney, David C. Gooding & Alexandra P. Kincannon - 2005 - In M. Gorman, R. Tweney, D. Gooding & A. Kincannon (eds.), Scientific and Technological Thinking. Erlbaum.
     
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  19. Inhabiting the Cruciform God: Kenosis, Justification, and Theosis in Paul's Narrative Soteriology.Michael J. Gorman - 2009
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  20. Levels of Expertise and Trading Zones: Combining Cognitive and Social Approaches to Technology Studies.Michael E. Gorman - 2005 - In M. Gorman, R. Tweney, D. Gooding & A. Kincannon (eds.), Scientific and Technological Thinking. Erlbaum. pp. 287--302.
     
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  21.  26
    Using Trading Zones and Life Cycle Analysis to Understand Nanotechnology Regulation.Ahson Wardak & Michael E. Gorman - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):695-703.
    This article reviews the public health and environmental regulations applicable to nanotechnology using a life cycle model from basic research through end-of-life for products. Given nanotechnology's immense promise and public investment, regulations are important, balancing risk with the public good. Trading zones and earth systems engineering management assist in explaining potential solutions to gaps in an otherwise complex, overlapping regulatory system.
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    Using Trading Zones and Life Cycle Analysis to Understand Nanotechnology Regulation.Ahson Wardak & Michael E. Gorman - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (4):695-703.
    Productive work on societal implications needs to be engaged with the research from the start. Ethicists need to go into the lab to understand what's possible. Scientists and engineers need to engage with humanists to start thinking about this aspect of their work. Only thus, working together in dialog, will we make genuine progress on the societal and ethical issues that nanotechnology poses.Davis Baird, in testimony before the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, May 1, 2003Federal funding of the (...)
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  23.  27
    Doing Science, Technology and Society in the National Science Foundation: Commentary On: “Engaged, Embedded, Enjoined: Science and Technology Studies in the National Science Foundation”.Michael E. Gorman - 2011 - Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):839-849.
    The author describes his efforts to become a participant observer while he was a Program Director at the NSF. He describes his plans for keeping track of his reflections and his goals before he arrived at NSF, then includes sections from his reflective diary and comments after he had completed his two-year rotation. The influx of rotators means the NSF has to be an adaptive, learning organization but there are bureaucratic obstacles in the way.
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  24.  1
    Turning Good Into Gold: A Comparative Study of Two Environmental Invention Networks.Matthew M. Mehalik & Michael E. Gorman - 2002 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 27 (4):499-529.
    This article proposes three states in an actor-network and a global/local distinction among actants. This theoretical framework is applied to two invention networks: one created by an inventor of solar heating systems and another created by a designer who wanted to create an environmentally sustainable furniture fabric. Both solar inventor and fabric designer wanted to develop technologies that would improve the environment and also make money. The article concludes by considering whether invention networks that intend to turn “good into gold” (...)
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  25.  11
    Talking About Intentional Objects.Michael Gorman - 2006 - Dialectica 60 (2):135-144.
    Tim Crane has recently defended the view that all intentional states have objects, even when these objects do not exist. In this note I first set forth some crucial elements of Crane’s view: his reasons for accepting intentional objects, his rejection of certain ways of thinking about them, and his distinction between the ‘substantial’ and the ‘schematic’ notion of an object. I then argue that while Crane’s account successfully explains what intentional objects are not, it leaves unexplained how it could (...)
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  26. Augustine’s Use of Neoplatonism in Confessions VII: A Response to Peter King.Michael Gorman - 2005 - Modern Schoolman 82 (3):227-233.
    A modified version of Michael Gorman's comments on Peter King’s paper at the 2004 Henle Conference. Above all, an account of Augustine’s purposes in discussing Neoplatonism in Confessions VII, showing why Augustine does not tell us certain things we wish he would. In my commentary I will address the following topics: (i) what it means to speak of the philosophically interesting points in Augustine; (ii) whether Confessions VII is really about the Trinity; (iii) Augustine‘s intentions in Confessions VII; (iv) King‘s (...)
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  27. A Matter of Faith? Christoph Scheiner, Jesuit Censorship, and the Trial of Galileo.Michael John Gorman - 1996 - Perspectives on Science 4:283-320.
  28.  33
    Personal Unity and the Problem of Christ’s Knowledge.Michael Gorman - 2000 - Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 74:175-186.
    According to the orthodox Christian belief expressed most famously at the Council of Chalcedon in 451, Jesus Christ is one person who is both divine and human. Not surprisingly, many have wondered at this, for it seems impossible for one person to have both divine and human characteristics. There are different versions of this difficulty, which correspond to different human and divine characteristics. In this article, I will defend traditional Christology against an argument that bases itself on one particular difficulty. (...)
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  29.  45
    Trading Zones, Moral Imagination and Socially Sensitive Computing.Michael E. Gorman - 2008 - Foundations of Science 13 (1):89-97.
    As computating technologies become ubiquitous and at least partly autonomous, they will have increasing impact on societies, both in the developed and developing worlds. This article outlines a framework for guiding emerging technologies in directions that promise social as well as technical progress. Multiple stakeholders will have to be engaged in dialogues over new technological directions, forming trading zones in which knowledge and resources are exchanged. Such discussions will have to incorporate cultural and individual values.
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  30. A Framework for Strategic Network Design Assessment, Decision Making, and Moral Imagination.Michael E. Gorman & Matthew M. Mehalik - 2006 - Science, Technology, and Human Values 31 (3):289-308.
    This article presents a framework for practitioners who may be interested in maintaining adaptive stability of sociotechnical networks. The framework is developed from assembling several concepts that are useful for assessing and for drawing on appropriate moral reasoning strategies as sociotechnical networks are designed, constructed, and adapted. One such strategy involves the ability to assess degrees of perspective sharing and trading relationships in networks using moral imagination. The article uses the case of the design of an environmentally sustainable fabric to (...)
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  31. Hugh of Saint Victor.Michael Gorman - 2003 - In Noone Gracia (ed.), The Blackwell Companion to Philosophy in the Middle Ages. Blackwell.
    An overview of Hugh’s thought, focusing on philosophical issues. Specifically it gives a summary of his overall vision; the sources he worked from; his understanding of: the division of the science, biblical interpretation, God, creation, providence and evil, human nature and ethics, salvation; and his spiritual teachings.
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  32.  92
    Hume's Theory of Belief.Michael M. Gorman - 1993 - Hume Studies 19 (1):89-101.
    The paper defends Hume's theory of belief against charges of inconsistency (but does not argue that Hume's theory is correct). It is noted that his statements about belief are actually statements about three different questions: the nature of belief, the effects of belief, and the causes of belief. The question of the nature of belief is analyzed in the most detail. Hume has two theories, which I call his "manner of conception theory" and his "feeling theory," but on Humean assumptions, (...)
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  33. Book Review: Can I Get a Witness? Reading Revelation Through African American CultureCan I Get a Witness? Reading Revelation Through African American Culture by BlountBrian K.Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 2005. 167 Pp., $ 16.95. ISBN 0-664-22869-0. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2006 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 60 (4):471-471.
  34. Questions Concerning the Existences of Christ.Michael Gorman - 2011 - In Friedman Emery (ed.), Philosophy and Theology in the Long Middle Ages: A Tribute to Stephen F. Brown. Brill.
    According to Christian doctrine as formulated by the Council of Chalcedon (451), Christ is one person (one supposit, one hypostasis) existing in two natures (two essences), human and divine. The human and divine natures are not merged into a third nature, nor are they separated from one another in such a way that the divine nature goes with one person, namely, the Word of God, and the human nature with another person, namely, Jesus of Nazareth. The two natures belong to (...)
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  35. On a Thomistic Worry About Scotus's Doctrine of the Esse Christi.Michael Gorman - 2009 - Antonianum 84:719-733.
    According to authoritative Christian teaching, Jesus Christ is a single person existing in two natures, divinity and humanity. In attempting to understand this claim, the high-scholastic theologians often asked whether there was more than one existence in Christ. John Duns Scotus answers the question with a clear and strongly-formulated yes, and Thomists have sometimes suspected that his answer leads in a heretical direction. But before we can ask whether Scotus‘s answer is acceptable or not, we have to come to a (...)
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  36. Book Review: Philippians: A Commentary in the Wesleyan TraditionPhilippians: A Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition by FlemmingDean E. New Beacon Bible Commentary. Beacon Hill, Kansas City, 2009. 255 Pp. $ 25.99. ISBN 978-0-8341-2411-0. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (1):96-98.
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  37. Book Review: Remembering Jesus: Christian Community, Scripture, and the Moral LifeRemembering Jesus: Christian Community, Scripture, and the Moral LifebyVerheyAllenEerdmans, Grand Rapids, 2002. 538 Pages. $35.00 . ISBN 0-8028-0323-7. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2003 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 57 (4):434-437.
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  38. Book Review: Romans in Full Circle: A History of InterpretationRomans in Full Circle: A History of InterpretationbyReasonerMarkWestminster John Knox, Louisville, 2006. 221 Pp $24 95 ISBN 978-0-664-22873-6. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (3):340-341.
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  39. Book Review: Paul, Apostle of the Living God: Kerygma and Conversion in 2 CorinthiansPaul, Apostle of the Living God: Kerygma and Conversion in 2 CorinthiansbyGoodwinMark JTrinity Press International, Harrisburg, 2001. 261 Pp. $28.00. ISBN 1-56338-318-7. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2002 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 56 (2):216-216.
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  40. Nagasawa Vs. Nagel: Omnipotence, Pseudo‐Tasks, and a Recent Discussion of Nagel's Doubts About Physicalism1.Michael Gorman - 2005 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 48 (5):436 – 447.
    In his recent "Thomas vs. Thomas: A New Approach to Nagel's Bat Argument", Yujin Nagasawa interprets Thomas Nagel as making a certain argument against physicalism and objects that this argument transgresses a principle, laid down by Thomas Aquinas, according to which inability to perform a pseudo-task does not count against an omnipotence claim. Taking Nagasawa's interpretation of Nagel for granted, I distinguish different kinds of omnipotence claims and different kinds of pseudo-tasks, and on that basis show that Nagasawa's criticism of (...)
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  41. On Substantial Independence: A Reply to Patrick Toner.Michael Gorman - 2012 - Philosophical Studies 159 (2):293-297.
    Patrick Toner has recently criticized accounts of substance provided by Kit Fine, E. J. Lowe, and the author, accounts which say (to a first approximation) that substances cannot depend on things other than their own parts. On Toner’s analysis, the inclusion of this parts exception results in a disjunctive definition of substance rather than a unified account. In this paper (speaking only for myself, but in a way that would, I believe, support the other authors that Toner discusses), I first (...)
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    Book Review: The Word In This World: Essays in New Testament Exegesis and TheologyThe Word In This World: Essays in New Testament Exegesis and TheologybyMeyerPaul W.; Edited byCarrollJohn T.New Testament Library. Westminster John Knox, Louisville, 2004. 338 Pp. $39.95 . ISBN 0-664-22701-5. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2005 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 59 (1):90-90.
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  43. Categories and Normativity.Michael Gorman - 2004 - In Sanford Gorman (ed.), Categories. The Catholic University of America Press.
    Anyone who tries to understand categories soon runs into the problem of giving an account of the unity of a category. Call this the “unity problem.” In this essay, I describe a distinctive and under-studied version of the unity problem and discuss how it might be solved. First, I describe various versions of the unity problem. Second, I focus on one version and argue that it is best dealt with by thinking of at least some categories as “norm-constituted,” in a (...)
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  44. Book Review: Paul: In Fresh Perspective. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2007 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 61 (2):232-232.
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  45. Book Review: Beginning From Jerusalem: Christianity in the Making, Vol. 2. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2010 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 64 (3):302-304.
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  46. Book Review: The Soul of the Embryo: An Enquiry Into the Status of the Human Embryo in the Christian Tradition. [REVIEW]Michael J. Gorman - 2006 - Studies in Christian Ethics 19 (1):125-128.
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  47.  82
    Romans 13:8–14.Michael J. Gorman - 2008 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 62 (2):170-172.
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  48.  60
    Ujvári, Márta., The Trope Bundle Theory of Substance: Change, Individuation and Individual Essence. [REVIEW]Michael Gorman - 2014 - Review of Metaphysics 67 (4):890-891.
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  49. Chapter Headings for Saint Augustine's De Genesi ad litteram.Michael Gorman - 1980 - Revue d' Etudes Augustiniennes Et Patristiques 26 (1-2):88-104.
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  50.  62
    Introduction to Cognition in Science and Technology.Michael E. Gorman - 2009 - Topics in Cognitive Science 1 (4):675-685.
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