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    Some Questions Regarding Avicenna's Theory of the Temporal Origination of the Human Rational Soul: Michael E. Marmura.Michael E. Marmura - 2008 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 18 (1):121-138.
    In Avicenna's expositions of his theory of the temporal origination of the human rational soul, its ḥudūth, one meets difficulties in understanding of what he actually means. Some of the expressions used are left unexplained and one has to extract their meaning from discussions given in a different context. There are also ambiguities in his use of such terms as al-‘aql al-kulliyy and al-nafs al-kulliyya. Although in one place he makes it clear that these expressions refer to concepts that exist (...)
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    Ghazali's Chapter on Divine Power in the Iqtiṣād: MICHAEL E. MARMURA.Michael E. Marmura - 1994 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 4 (2):279-315.
    The theological foundations of Ghazali's causal theory are fully expressed in the chapter on the attribute of divine power in his al-Iqtiṣād fi al-I'tiqād. The basic doctrine which he proclaims and argues for is that divine power, an attribute additional to the divine essence, is one and pervasive. It does not consist of a multiplicity of powers that produce a multiplicity of effects, but is a unitary direct cause of each and every created existent. In a defense of the doctrine (...)
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